gastrointestinal contents


Summary: The contents included in all or any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT.

Top Publications

  1. Greenstone M, Weber D, Coudron T, Payton M. Unnecessary roughness? Testing the hypothesis that predators destined for molecular gut-content analysis must be hand-collected to avoid cross-contamination. Mol Ecol Resour. 2011;11:286-93 pubmed publisher
    ..A pilot study on eliminating external DNA contamination with bleach prior to DNA extraction and amplification gave promising results...
  2. Silva F, Nicoli J, Zambonino Infante J, Kaushik S, Gatesoupe F. Influence of the diet on the microbial diversity of faecal and gastrointestinal contents in gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata) and intestinal contents in goldfish (Carassius auratus). FEMS Microbiol Ecol. 2011;78:285-96 pubmed publisher
    ..likely in a viable, but noncultivable state. There was a trend towards decreasing diversity in goldfish microbiota with the partial substitution by lupin, which seemed to inhibit some taxa...
  3. Chelsky Budarf A, Burfeind D, Loh W, Tibbetts I. Identification of seagrasses in the gut of a marine herbivorous fish using DNA barcoding and visual inspection techniques. J Fish Biol. 2011;79:112-21 pubmed publisher
    ..While effective in identifying cryptic gut content to family level, this novel method is likely to be most efficient when paired with visual identification techniques...
  4. Tian Y, Zhang L, Wang Y, Tang H. Age-related topographical metabolic signatures for the rat gastrointestinal contents. J Proteome Res. 2012;11:1397-411 pubmed publisher
    ..gut microbiota is essential for mammalian physiology and analyzing the metabolite compositions of gastrointestinal contents is vital for understanding the microbiome-host interactions...
  5. Waldner T, Traugott M. DNA-based analysis of regurgitates: a noninvasive approach to examine the diet of invertebrate consumers. Mol Ecol Resour. 2012;12:669-75 pubmed publisher
    ..We conclude that in those invertebrates where regurgitates can be obtained, examination of food DNA in regurgitates offers many advantages over conventional post-mortem gut content analysis...
  6. Forman J, Dunn M. Diet and scavenging habits of the smooth skate Dipturus innominatus. J Fish Biol. 2012;80:1546-62 pubmed publisher
    ..Dipturus innominatus are highly vulnerable to overfishing, but discarding practices by commercial fishing vessels may provide a positive feedback to populations through improved scavenging opportunities...
  7. Tomas J, Guitart R, Mateo R, Raga J. Marine debris ingestion in loggerhead sea turtles, Caretta caretta, from the Western Mediterranean. Mar Pollut Bull. 2002;44:211-6 pubmed
    ..Our data suggest that more severe control of litter spills and greater promotion of environmental educational programmes are needed in the Western Mediterranean...
  8. Juen A, Traugott M. Detecting predation and scavenging by DNA gut-content analysis: a case study using a soil insect predator-prey system. Oecologia. 2005;142:344-52 pubmed
    ..Thus, if active predation has to be distinguished from scavenging, then additional approaches are needed to interpret the picture of prey choice derived by highly sensitive detection methods...
  9. Kalantzi L, Goumas K, Kalioras V, Abrahamsson B, Dressman J, Reppas C. Characterization of the human upper gastrointestinal contents under conditions simulating bioavailability/bioequivalence studies. Pharm Res. 2006;23:165-76 pubmed

More Information

Publications138 found, 100 shown here

  1. Sipiä V, Kankaanpää H, Peltonen H, Vinni M, Meriluoto J. Transfer of nodularin to three-spined stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus L.), herring (Clupea harengus L.), and salmon (Salmo salar L.) in the northern Baltic Sea. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2007;66:421-5 pubmed
    ..Only 1 salmon of a total of 10 contained a small amount of NODLN (10 microgkg(-1)dw). However, the high concentrations in individual stickleback suggest that possible transfer to higher trophic levels deserves more research...
  2. Tourinho P, Ivar do Sul J, Fillmann G. Is marine debris ingestion still a problem for the coastal marine biota of southern Brazil?. Mar Pollut Bull. 2010;60:396-401 pubmed publisher
    ..The ingestion of debris by turtles is probably an increasing problem on southern Brazilian coast. Seabirds feeding by diverse methods are contaminated, highlighting plastic hazard to these biota...
  3. Chow S, Suzuki S, Matsunaga T, Lavery S, Jeffs A, Takeyama H. Investigation on natural diets of larval marine animals using peptide nucleic acid-directed polymerase chain reaction clamping. Mar Biotechnol (NY). 2011;13:305-13 pubmed publisher
    ..japonicus and P. longipes bispinosus collected around Ryukyu Archipelago, Japan. ITS1 sequences of a wide variety of animals (Ctenophora, Cnidaria, Crustacea, Teleostei, Mollusca, and Chaetognatha) were detected...
  4. Sembries S, Dongowski G, Jacobasch G, Mehrländer K, Will F, Dietrich H. Effects of dietary fibre-rich juice colloids from apple pomace extraction juices on intestinal fermentation products and microbiota in rats. Br J Nutr. 2003;90:607-15 pubmed
    ..Results may be helpful for the development of such innovative juice products that are rich in DF of fruit origin...
  5. Jarman S, Deagle B, Gales N. Group-specific polymerase chain reaction for DNA-based analysis of species diversity and identity in dietary samples. Mol Ecol. 2004;13:1313-22 pubmed
    ..These primers, their design and their application to studying prey diversity and identity in predator diet are described...
  6. German D, Horn M, Gawlicka A. Digestive enzyme activities in herbivorous and carnivorous prickleback fishes (Teleostei: Stichaeidae): ontogenetic, dietary, and phylogenetic effects. Physiol Biochem Zool. 2004;77:789-804 pubmed
    ..These results support the hypothesis that fishes with relatively broad diets can modulate digestive enzyme activities in response to changes in dietary composition...
  7. Harper G, King R, Dodd C, Harwood J, Glen D, Bruford M, et al. Rapid screening of invertebrate predators for multiple prey DNA targets. Mol Ecol. 2005;14:819-27 pubmed
    ..The main prey detected in the beetles proved to be earthworms and molluscs, although aphids and weevils were also consumed. The potential of this system for use in food-web research is discussed...
  8. Sheppard S, Bell J, Sunderland K, Fenlon J, Skervin D, Symondson W. Detection of secondary predation by PCR analyses of the gut contents of invertebrate generalist predators. Mol Ecol. 2005;14:4461-8 pubmed
    ..Clearly, the extreme sensitivity of PCR makes detection of secondary predation more likely, and the only reliable answer in future may be to use PCR to identify, in parallel, instances of intraguild predation...
  9. Fournier V, Hagler J, Daane K, de León J, Groves R. Identifying the predator complex of Homalodisca vitripennis (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae): a comparative study of the efficacy of an ELISA and PCR gut content assay. Oecologia. 2008;157:629-40 pubmed publisher
    ..The advantages of combining the attributes of both types of assays to more precisely assess field predation and the pros and cons of each assay for mass-screening predators are discussed...
  10. Khafipour E, Krause D, Plaizier J. A grain-based subacute ruminal acidosis challenge causes translocation of lipopolysaccharide and triggers inflammation. J Dairy Sci. 2009;92:1060-70 pubmed publisher
    ..Results suggest that the grain-based SARA challenge resulted in translocation of LPS into the peripheral circulation, and that this translocation triggered a systemic inflammatory response...
  11. Khafipour E, Krause D, Plaizier J. Alfalfa pellet-induced subacute ruminal acidosis in dairy cows increases bacterial endotoxin in the rumen without causing inflammation. J Dairy Sci. 2009;92:1712-24 pubmed publisher
    ..Results suggest that SARA induced by alfalfa pellets increased LPS in the rumen without causing translocation of LPS and an immune response...
  12. Chowdhury E, Kuribara H, Hino A, Sultana P, Mikami O, Shimada N, et al. Detection of corn intrinsic and recombinant DNA fragments and Cry1Ab protein in the gastrointestinal contents of pigs fed genetically modified corn Bt11. J Anim Sci. 2003;81:2546-51 pubmed
    ..corn intrinsic and recombinant cry1Ab gene by PCR, and the Cry1Ab protein by immunological tests in the gastrointestinal contents of five genetically modified corn Bt11-fed and five nongenetically modified corn-fed pigs...
  13. Foltan P, Sheppard S, Konvicka M, Symondson W. The significance of facultative scavenging in generalist predator nutrition: detecting decayed prey in the guts of predators using PCR. Mol Ecol. 2005;14:4147-58 pubmed
    ..This could potentially lead to overestimation of the impact of predation on slugs (and other prey) by carabids. Possible implications of facultative scavenging by invertebrate predators for biocontrol and food-web research are discussed...
  14. Bouchard S, Bjorndal K. Nonadditive interactions between animal and plant diet items in an omnivorous freshwater turtle Trachemys scripta. Comp Biochem Physiol B Biochem Mol Biol. 2006;144:77-85 pubmed
    ..These apparent nonadditive interactions may be due to differences in transit time of duckweed and shrimp. We believe this is the first evidence of two diet items producing opposing nonadditive effects when fed in different ratios...
  15. Dunshea G. DNA-based diet analysis for any predator. PLoS ONE. 2009;4:e5252 pubmed publisher
    ..I present a general approach to detect diverse prey in the feces or gut contents of predators...
  16. Pumarino L, Alomar O, Agustí N. Development of specific ITS markers for plant DNA identification within herbivorous insects. Bull Entomol Res. 2011;101:271-6 pubmed publisher
    ..This study provides a useful tool to detect and to identify plant food sources of arthropods and to evaluate crop colonization from surrounding vegetation in conservation biological control programs...
  17. Dongowski G, Lorenz A, Proll J. The degree of methylation influences the degradation of pectin in the intestinal tract of rats and in vitro. J Nutr. 2002;132:1935-44 pubmed
    ..Pectin-fed rats had greater ileum, cecum and colon weights. We conclude that structural parameters of pectin influence its microbial degradation in the intestinal tract...
  18. Jarman S, Gales N, Tierney M, Gill P, Elliott N. A DNA-based method for identification of krill species and its application to analysing the diet of marine vertebrate predators. Mol Ecol. 2002;11:2679-90 pubmed
    ..In each of these cases, krill species consumed by the predators could be identified from their DNA present in faeces or stomach contents...
  19. Blankenship L, Yayanos A. Universal primers and PCR of gut contents to study marine invertebrate diets. Mol Ecol. 2005;14:891-9 pubmed
    ..Finally, we discuss the strengths and weaknesses of this technique and its potential applicability to diet analyses of other invertebrates...
  20. Pryor G, Bjorndal K. Symbiotic fermentation, digesta passage, and gastrointestinal morphology in bullfrog tadpoles (Rana catesbeiana). Physiol Biochem Zool. 2005;78:201-15 pubmed
    ..The physiological and behavioral characteristics of these tadpoles are remarkably similar to those of other small-bodied, hindgut-fermenting vertebrates, suggesting convergent digestive strategies among a broad range of herbivorous taxa...
  21. King R, Read D, Traugott M, Symondson W. Molecular analysis of predation: a review of best practice for DNA-based approaches. Mol Ecol. 2008;17:947-63 pubmed publisher
    ..We look ahead to new technologies, including microarrays and pyrosequencing, which might one day be applied to this field...
  22. Khafipour E, Li S, Plaizier J, Krause D. Rumen microbiome composition determined using two nutritional models of subacute ruminal acidosis. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2009;75:7115-24 pubmed publisher
    ..coli and not with lipopolysaccharide in the rumen. We thus suspect that E. coli may be a contributing factor in disease onset...
  23. Juen A, Traugott M. Revealing species-specific trophic links in soil food webs: molecular identification of scarab predators. Mol Ecol. 2007;16:1545-57 pubmed
    ..horticola represents an important prey source for centipedes and predatory beetle larvae during summer within the soil food web...
  24. Kjellev S, Vestergaard E, Nexø E, Thygesen P, Eghøj M, Jeppesen P, et al. Pharmacokinetics of trefoil peptides and their stability in gastrointestinal contents. Peptides. 2007;28:1197-206 pubmed
    ..and subcutaneously in mice, and estimated by ELISA the decay of the peptides added to rat and human gastrointestinal contents. We found that i.v...
  25. Kinoshita H, Tanaka N, Jamal M, Kumihashi M, Okuzono R, Tsutsui K, et al. Application of energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometry (EDX) in a case of methomyl ingestion. Forensic Sci Int. 2013;227:103-5 pubmed publisher
    ..We concluded that the cause of his death was methomyl poisoning. This indicates that screening of stomach contents by EDX provides useful information for the forensic diagnosis. ..
  26. Bauder M, Schmidt A, Caca K. Non-Exposure, Device-Assisted Endoscopic Full-thickness Resection. Gastrointest Endosc Clin N Am. 2016;26:297-312 pubmed publisher
    ..Both methods are nonexposure techniques avoiding exposure of gastrointestinal contents to the peritoneal cavity by a "close first-cut later" principle...
  27. Brandão M, Braga K, Luque J. Marine debris ingestion by Magellanic penguins, Spheniscus magellanicus (Aves: Sphenisciformes), from the Brazilian coastal zone. Mar Pollut Bull. 2011;62:2246-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The present study addresses the increasing impact of plastic debris on marine life. ..
  28. Freitas K, Amancio O, de Morais M. High-performance inulin and oligofructose prebiotics increase the intestinal absorption of iron in rats with iron deficiency anaemia during the growth phase. Br J Nutr. 2012;108:1008-16 pubmed publisher
    ..The intestinal weight and caecal pH were significantly different between the groups that consumed prebiotics and the control group. HP inulin and oligofructose increased the intestinal absorption of Fe in rats. ..
  29. Ray P, Shang C, Maguire R, Knowlton K. Quantifying phytate in dairy digesta and feces: alkaline extraction and high-performance ion chromatography. J Dairy Sci. 2012;95:3248-58 pubmed publisher
  30. Ohland C, Kish L, Bell H, Thiesen A, Hotte N, Pankiv E, et al. Effects of Lactobacillus helveticus on murine behavior are dependent on diet and genotype and correlate with alterations in the gut microbiome. Psychoneuroendocrinology. 2013;38:1738-47 pubmed publisher
    ..helveticus. These findings suggest that the type of diet consumed by the host and the presence or absence of active inflammation may significantly alter the ability of probiotics to modulate host physiological function. ..
  31. Kong F, Oztop M, Singh R, McCarthy M. Physical changes in white and brown rice during simulated gastric digestion. J Food Sci. 2011;76:E450-7 pubmed publisher
    ..This information may help consumers to better understand the health benefits associated with eating brown rice. ..
  32. Xun W, Shi L, Yue W, Zhang C, Ren Y, Liu Q. Effect of high-dose nano-selenium and selenium-yeast on feed digestibility, rumen fermentation, and purine derivatives in sheep. Biol Trace Elem Res. 2012;150:130-6 pubmed publisher
    ..01). We concluded that nano-Se can be used as a preferentially available selenium source in ruminant nutrition. ..
  33. Stefański T, Ahvenjarvi S, Huhtanen P, Shingfield K. Metabolism of soluble rapeseed meal (Brassica rapa L.) protein during incubations with buffered bovine rumen contents in vitro. J Dairy Sci. 2013;96:440-50 pubmed publisher
    ..Results indicate the potential of the technique to evaluate the degradability of SNAN of other dietary protein sources and implicate ruminal escape of soluble rapeseed protein as an important source of amino acids in ruminants. ..
  34. Jantz L, Morishige C, Bruland G, Lepczyk C. Ingestion of plastic marine debris by longnose lancetfish (Alepisaurus ferox) in the North Pacific Ocean. Mar Pollut Bull. 2013;69:97-104 pubmed publisher
    ..Further research is needed to determine residence time of ingested plastic marine debris and behavior of toxins associated with plastic debris. ..
  35. Ashworth E, Depczynski M, Holmes T, Wilson S. Quantitative diet analysis of four mesopredators from a coral reef. J Fish Biol. 2014;84:1031-45 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, interspecific differences between mesopredator diets were undetectable when using stable isotope analysis which suggests that detailed elucidation of trophic pathways requires gut content analyses. ..
  36. Patra A, Yu Z. Effects of coconut and fish oils on ruminal methanogenesis, fermentation, and abundance and diversity of microbial populations in vitro. J Dairy Sci. 2013;96:1782-92 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, the use of combination of CO and FO at a low dose may additively lower methanogenesis in the rumen while having little adverse effect on rumen fermentation. ..
  37. Zanton G, Heinrichs A. Efficiency and rumen responses in younger and older Holstein heifers limit-fed diets of differing energy density. J Dairy Sci. 2016;99:2825-2836 pubmed publisher
    ..Results also support the concept of limit feeding HED diets as a potential means to reduce manure excretion and increase nitrogen efficiency. ..
  38. Peeters L, Daeseleire E, Devreese M, Rasschaert G, Smet A, Dewulf J, et al. Residues of chlortetracycline, doxycycline and sulfadiazine-trimethoprim in intestinal content and feces of pigs due to cross-contamination of feed. BMC Vet Res. 2016;12:209 pubmed publisher
    ..However, future research is needed to confirm our results and to evaluate the effects of these detected concentrations on resistance selection in the intestinal microbiota of pigs. ..
  39. Yin Y, Wang Y, Zhu L, Liu W, Liao N, Jiang M, et al. Comparative analysis of the distribution of segmented filamentous bacteria in humans, mice and chickens. ISME J. 2013;7:615-21 pubmed publisher
    ..In summary, our results showed that SFB display host specificity, and SFB colonization, which occurs early in human life, declines in an age-dependent manner. ..
  40. Varga D, Muller T, Specziár A, Febel H, Hancz C, Bázár G, et al. A note on the special fillet fatty acid composition of the dwarf carp (Cyprinus carpio carpio) living in thermal Lake Hévíz, Hungary. Acta Biol Hung. 2013;64:34-44 pubmed publisher
    ..In summary, fillet FA profile suggested thermal adaptation, location specificity and the ingestion of algal and bacterial material. ..
  41. Khan R, Chandra C, Earle P. Comparison of metazoan parasites of Atlantic cod, Gadus morhua, from three geographical areas of coastal Newfoundland. J Parasitol. 2011;97:270-4 pubmed publisher
  42. Desharnais B, Huppé G, Lamarche M, Mireault P, Skinner C. Cyanide quantification in post-mortem biological matrices by headspace GC-MS. Forensic Sci Int. 2012;222:346-51 pubmed publisher
    ..This method was also successful in quantitating cyanide in gastric contents, one of the most variable biological fluids. The method has been validated and is being used for current forensic cases such as fire victims and suicides. ..
  43. Peinado M, Echavarri A, Ruiz R, Suárez Pereira E, Ortiz Mellet C, Garcia Fernandez J, et al. Effects of inulin and di-D-fructose dianhydride-enriched caramels on intestinal microbiota composition and performance of broiler chickens. Animal. 2013;7:1779-88 pubmed publisher
    ..05) in FC-fed birds compared with controls or inulin-fed chickens. In conclusion, DFA-enriched caramels tested here, particularly FC, may represent a type of new additives useful in poultry production. ..
  44. Johnson M, Stringer A, Bobrovskaya L. Rotenone induces gastrointestinal pathology and microbiota alterations in a rat model of Parkinson's disease. Neurotoxicology. 2018;65:174-185 pubmed publisher
  45. Schmitz A, Kellenberger C, Neuhaus D, Schroeter E, Deanovic D, Prüfer F, et al. Fasting times and gastric contents volume in children undergoing deep propofol sedation--an assessment using magnetic resonance imaging. Paediatr Anaesth. 2011;21:685-90 pubmed publisher
    ..08, P = 0.51). Based on this preliminary data, GCV(w) showed considerable variation but did not correlate with fasting times in children and adolescent patients. Recommended fasting times were often exceeded. ..
  46. Campani T, Baini M, Giannetti M, Cancelli F, Mancusi C, Serena F, et al. Presence of plastic debris in loggerhead turtle stranded along the Tuscany coasts of the Pelagos Sanctuary for Mediterranean Marine Mammals (Italy). Mar Pollut Bull. 2013;74:225-30 pubmed publisher
  47. Nagahama K, Nishio H, Yamato M, Takeuchi K. Orally administered L-arginine and glycine are highly effective against acid reflux esophagitis in rats. Med Sci Monit. 2012;18:BR9-15 pubmed
  48. Meyer B, Bessei W, Bessei A, Vahjen W, Zentek J, Harlander Matauschek A. Dietary inclusion of feathers affects intestinal microbiota and microbial metabolites in growing Leghorn-type chickens. Poult Sci. 2012;91:1506-13 pubmed publisher
    ..It remains unclear to what extent the changed metabolism of the microbiota reflects the feather intake and could have an effect on the behavior of the hens. ..
  49. Kibayashi K, Shimada R, Nakao K. Frequent detection of stomach contents in accidental drowning. Med Sci Law. 2011;51:161-3 pubmed
    ..These findings indicate that food intake is a factor possibly related to accidental drowning and suggest that fasting may be required before swimming or taking a bath to prevent accidental drowning. ..
  50. Xie P, Wang Y, Wang C, Yuan C, Zou X. Effect of different fat sources in parental diets on growth performance, villus morphology, digestive enzymes and colorectal microbiota in pigeon squabs. Arch Anim Nutr. 2013;67:147-60 pubmed publisher
    ..Because supplementation of SO has beneficial effects on gut development and digestive function at comparable growth performance, it is probably a better choice for oil supplementation in parental pigeon diets. ..
  51. Bouvet L, Mazoit J, Chassard D, Allaouchiche B, Boselli E, Benhamou D. Clinical assessment of the ultrasonographic measurement of antral area for estimating preoperative gastric content and volume. Anesthesiology. 2011;114:1086-92 pubmed publisher
    ..The ultrasonographic measurement of antral CSA could be an important help for the anesthesiologist in minimizing the risk of pulmonary aspiration of gastric contents due to general anesthesia. ..
  52. Brun L, Brance M, Rigalli A. Luminal calcium concentration controls intestinal calcium absorption by modification of intestinal alkaline phosphatase activity. Br J Nutr. 2012;108:229-33 pubmed publisher
    ..The present study provides in vivo evidence that luminal Ca concentration increases the activity of IAP and simultaneously decreases %Ca, acting as a minute-to-minute regulatory mechanism of Ca entry. ..
  53. Kocan R, LaPatra S, Hershberger P. Evidence for an amoeba-like infectious stage of Ichthyophonus sp. and description of a circulating blood stage: a probable mechanism for dispersal within the fish host. J Parasitol. 2013;99:235-40 pubmed publisher
    ..From 20 to 60 days PE, schizont diameter increased from ? 25 ?m to ? 82 ?m. Based on the data presented herein, we are confident that we have resolved the life cycle of Ichthyophonus sp. within the piscivorous host. ..
  54. Dunn M, Stevens D, Forman J, Connell A. Trophic interactions and distribution of some Squaliforme sharks, including new diet descriptions for Deania calcea and Squalus acanthias. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e59938 pubmed publisher
    ..The different niches occupied by different species are likely to influence their vulnerability to bottom trawl fisheries. Some species may benefit from fisheries through an increased availability of scavenged prey...
  55. Novaes J, Carvalho E. Reproduction, food dynamics and exploitation level of Oreochromis niloticus (Perciformes: Cichlidae) from artisanal fisheries in Barra Bonita Reservoir, Brazil. Rev Biol Trop. 2012;60:721-34 pubmed
    ..niloticus is a phyto-planktophagus species. There were no indications that this species is being overfished, we therefore recommend that, due to its exotic condition, no restrictions need to be taken on its fishing activities. ..
  56. Fuller M, Priyadarshini M, Gibbons S, Angueira A, Brodsky M, Hayes M, et al. The short-chain fatty acid receptor, FFA2, contributes to gestational glucose homeostasis. Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab. 2015;309:E840-51 pubmed publisher
  57. Tadiso T, Borgstrøm R, Rosseland B. Mercury concentrations are low in commercial fish species of Lake Ziway, Ethiopia, but stable isotope data indicated biomagnification. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2011;74:953-9 pubmed publisher
    ..zillii, which is located at a lower trophic level, probably due to a faster growth rate of C. gariepinus, and thus an example of biodilution. ..
  58. Oates J, Manica A, Bshary R, Grutter A. Relationship between roving behaviour and the diet and client composition of the cleaner fish Labroides bicolor. J Fish Biol. 2012;81:210-9 pubmed publisher
    ..bicolor interacted with more; L. bicolor interacted with all parrotfishes (Scaridae) more. These results confirm the importance of repeated interactions and partner choice in determining the nature of interactions in mutualisms. ..
  59. Firlej A, Doyon J, Harwood J, Brodeur J. A multi-approach study to delineate interactions between carabid beetles and soybean aphids. Environ Entomol. 2013;42:89-96 pubmed publisher
    ..melanarius and A. glycines when pest densities are high, but the high predation rate when aphid densities are particularly low suggests these natural enemies may function as important early-season predators. ..
  60. Colucci A, Gagliano Candela R, Aventaggiato L, De Donno A, Leonardi S, Strisciullo G, et al. Suicide by self-administration of a drug mixture (propofol, midazolam, and zolpidem) in an anesthesiologist: the first case report in Italy. J Forensic Sci. 2013;58:837-41 pubmed publisher
    ..Adipose tissue and hair analysis suggested a previous and repeated use of these drugs verifying the fact that in Italy recreational abuse of anesthetic and sedative agents in health care practitioners is becoming an increasing problem. ..
  61. Liu Z, Wang W, Huang G, Zhang W, Ni L. In vitro and in vivo evaluation of the prebiotic effect of raw and roasted almonds (Prunus amygdalus). J Sci Food Agric. 2016;96:1836-43 pubmed publisher
    ..The roasting process may slightly reduce the prebiotic effects of almonds but significantly improve the metabolic effects ..
  62. Bernhard W, Raith M, Pynn C, Gille C, Stichtenoth G, Stoll D, et al. Increased palmitoyl-myristoyl-phosphatidylcholine in neonatal rat surfactant is lung specific and correlates with oral myristic acid supply. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2011;111:449-57 pubmed publisher
    ..This was accompanied by reduced reactive oxygen species production. We propose that nutritional supply with C14:0 and its lung-specific enrichment may contribute to decreased reactive oxygen species production during alveolarization. ..
  63. Sasaki Y, Murakami M, Maruyama N, Tsujiyama Y, Kusukawa M, Asai T, et al. Risk factors for Salmonella prevalence in laying-hen farms in Japan. Epidemiol Infect. 2012;140:982-90 pubmed publisher
  64. Espinoza M, Clarke T, Villalobos Rojas F, Wehrtmann I. Diet composition and diel feeding behaviour of the banded guitarfish Zapteryx xyster along the Pacific coast of Costa Rica, Central America. J Fish Biol. 2013;82:286-305 pubmed publisher
    ..This has important management and conservation implications as Z. xyster may be experiencing high by-catch rates, and because of their life history is presumed to be vulnerable to intense levels of exploitation. ..
  65. Praca E, Laran S, Lepoint G, Thome J, Quetglas A, Belcari P, et al. Toothed whales in the northwestern Mediterranean: insight into their feeding ecology using chemical tracers. Mar Pollut Bull. 2011;62:1058-65 pubmed publisher
    ..93 vs. 0.42) were observed in sperm whales compared with Risso's dolphins and may indicate wider migrations for the former. Therefore, competition between these species seems to depend on different trophic levels and migration patterns. ..
  66. Ocampo Reinaldo M, Gonzalez R, Romero M. Feeding strategy and cannibalism of the Argentine hake Merluccius hubbsi. J Fish Biol. 2011;79:1795-814 pubmed publisher
    ..hubbsi on small M. hubbsi. Intra- and intercohort cannibalism and other trophic relationships in the M. hubbsi should therefore be considered explicitly in stock assessment models. ..
  67. Glover K, Sørvik A, Karlsbakk E, Zhang Z, Skaala Ø. Molecular genetic analysis of stomach contents reveals wild Atlantic cod feeding on piscine reovirus (PRV) infected Atlantic salmon originating from a commercial fish farm. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e60924 pubmed publisher
    ..These analyses provide new insights into interactions between domesticated and wild fish. ..
  68. Pino F, Heinrichs A. Effect of trace minerals and starch on digestibility and rumen fermentation in diets for dairy heifers. J Dairy Sci. 2016;99:2797-2810 pubmed publisher
    ..Also, TM form affected fecal moisture and urine excretion, suggesting that ITM may stimulate water intake. ..
  69. Gausterer C, Stein C, Stimpfl T. Application of direct PCR in a forensic case of yew poisoning. Int J Legal Med. 2012;126:315-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Amplification products of the expected size were purified and sequenced. Sequence data were subjected to Basic Local Alignment Search Tool analysis and affiliated with ITS1 from Taxus spp. ..
  70. Terahara T, Chow S, Kurogi H, Lee S, Tsukamoto K, Mochioka N, et al. Efficiency of peptide nucleic acid-directed PCR clamping and its application in the investigation of natural diets of the Japanese eel leptocephali. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e25715 pubmed publisher
    ..These results, in conjunction with our laboratory observations on larval feeding, suggest that eel leptocephali may not be dependent upon living plankton for their food source. ..
  71. Tomiyama T. Seasonal and ontogenetic diet shift in juvenile stone flounder Platichthys bicoloratus. J Fish Biol. 2012;81:1430-5 pubmed publisher
    ..This seasonal change in diet occurred irrespective of body size, suggesting that other factors, such as morphological development of the predator or vulnerability of prey, induced the diet shift. ..
  72. Takayasu T, Ishida Y, Nosaka M, Kawaguchi M, Kuninaka Y, Kimura A, et al. High concentration of methidathion detected in a fatal case of organophosphate-poisoning. Leg Med (Tokyo). 2012;14:263-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Additionally, xylene was determined in body fluids and organ tissues. From the toxicological data together with autopsy findings, the cause of his death was diagnosed as acute poisoning by an emulsion of methidathion. ..
  73. Fanelli E, Badalamenti F, D Anna G, Pipitone C, Riginella E, Azzurro E. Food partitioning and diet temporal variation in two coexisting sparids, Pagellus erythrinus and Pagellus acarne. J Fish Biol. 2011;78:869-900 pubmed publisher
    ..In conclusion, these sympatric congeneric fish species displayed clear food partitioning throughout the temporal scale analysed. ..
  74. Gonzalez G, Briones Salas M. [Odocoileus virginianus diet (Artiodactyla: Cervidae) in a temperate forest of Northern Oaxaca, Mexico]. Rev Biol Trop. 2012;60:447-57 pubmed
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    ..This report incorporates a systematic review of the literature on nodularin measured in edible fish, shellfish and crustaceans...
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    ..Death was attributed to the ingestion of a substantial quantity of iboga in the context of simultaneous methadone and diazepam consumption. ..
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    ..0). Complex movements in these 'simple' animals may help jellyfish to compete effectively with fish for plankton prey, which may enhance their ability to increase in dominance in perturbed ocean systems. ..
  78. Roble G, Gillespie V, Lipman N. Infectious disease survey of Mus musculus from pet stores in New York City. J Am Assoc Lab Anim Sci. 2012;51:37-41 pubmed
    ..The potential for laboratory animal personnel to serve as mechanical vectors of unwanted infective agents likely is increased when these persons handle pet-store mice at home. ..
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    ..Analyses of biological material were carried out using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). 4-MEC was found in blood samples at concentrations of 46, 56 and 152 ng/mL. ..
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    ..Experimental studies are required to further understand the roles of enteric viruses in RSS in commercial chickens. ..
  82. Kong H, Kim H, Do H, Lee Y, Hong S, Yoon J, et al. Structural effects of N-aromatic acyl-amino acid conjugates on their deconjugation in the cecal contents of rats: implication in design of a colon-specific prodrug with controlled conversion rate at the target site. Biopharm Drug Dispos. 2011;32:343-54 pubmed publisher
    ..Our data may provide useful information for the design of a colon-specific prodrug with controlled conversion rate in the large intestine. ..
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    ..The effects of toxic chemicals present in plastic debris on bird physiology should be investigated. ..
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    ..Also, the present study corroborated a basic assumption that the variability of evacuation data not accounted for by the cylinder model primarily can be ascribed to the intraspecific variation in gastric performance of the predator. ..
  86. Wallinger C, Staudacher K, Schallhart N, Peter E, Dresch P, Juen A, et al. The effect of plant identity and the level of plant decay on molecular gut content analysis in a herbivorous soil insect. Mol Ecol Resour. 2013;13:75-83 pubmed publisher
    ..The consumption of decaying plant tissue could also be verified by our assay, but the insects seemed to prefer fresh roots over decaying plant material. ..
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    ..With appropriate training and supervision, it is estimated that anesthesiologists will achieve a 95% success rate in bedside qualitative ultrasound assessment after performing approximately 33 examinations. ..
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    ..No other amphetamine-like compound (including ecstasy) was detected. These results are discussed in relation to previous cases of toxicity, and the lack of potential for substantial methylone postmortem redistribution. ..
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    ..A possible algorithm for the clinical application of this new tool is proposed, and areas that require further research are highlighted. ..
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    ..g. spherites) in its digestive tissues during life as do, for example, modern horseshoe crabs. ..
  91. Xing S, Wang J, Liang J, Jahromi M, Zhu C, Shokryazdan P, et al. Lead biosorption of probiotic bacteria: effects of the intestinal content from laying hens. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2017;24:13528-13535 pubmed publisher
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    ..However, those species showed significant differences in the exploitation of food resources. Omnivory was common, showing the plasticity of the required species that inhabit environments as found in streams. ..