exudates and transudates


Summary: Exudates are fluids, CELLS, or other cellular substances that are slowly discharged from BLOOD VESSELS usually from inflamed tissues. Transudates are fluids that pass through a membrane or squeeze through tissue or into the EXTRACELLULAR SPACE of TISSUES. Transudates are thin and watery and contain few cells or PROTEINS.

Top Publications

  1. Maranhão B, Silva Junior C, Chibante A, Cardoso G. Determination of total proteins and lactate dehydrogenase for the diagnosis of pleural transudates and exudates: redefining the classical criterion with a new statistical approach. J Bras Pneumol. 2010;36:468-74 pubmed
    To propose a new classification criterion for the differentiation between pleural exudates and transudates-quantifying total proteins in pleural fluid (TP-PF) and lactate dehydrogenase in pleural fluid (LDH-PF) exclusively-as well as to ..
  2. Oubraham H, Cohen S, Samimi S, Marotte D, Bouzaher I, Bonicel P, et al. Inject and extend dosing versus dosing as needed: a comparative retrospective study of ranibizumab in exudative age-related macular degeneration. Retina. 2011;31:26-30 pubmed publisher
    ..The purpose of this study was to compare two strategies for retreatment with ranibizumab in exudative age-related macular degeneration...
  3. Mones J. A review of ranibizumab clinical trial data in exudative age-related macular degeneration and how to translate it into daily practice. Ophthalmologica. 2011;225:112-9 pubmed publisher
    ..A randomized clinical trial is recommended for comparing monthly, PRN and the FUSION regimens...
  4. Dikensoy O, Celik N, Kul S, Gogebakan B, Bayram H, Light R. Ischemia modified albumin in the differential diagnosis of pleural effusions. Respir Med. 2011;105:1712-7 pubmed publisher
    ..No such differences were observed in blood levels of IMA suggesting that there are reasons other than ischemia that cause an increase in pleural fluid IMA levels...
  5. Othman H, Saadat I, Farvardin Jahromi M, Saadat M. Susceptibility to exudative age-related macular degeneration and three genetic polymorphisms of glutathione S-transferase Z1 (GSTZ1). Eur J Ophthalmol. 2012;22:431-5 pubmed publisher
    ..To investigate whether genetic polymorphisms of GSTZ1 contribute to the development of exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD)...
  6. Light R. Pleural effusions. Med Clin North Am. 2011;95:1055-70 pubmed publisher
    ..The most common pleural effusions including those caused by congestive heart failure, cirrhosis, pneumonia, malignancy, tuberculosis, lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid disease, and chylothorax are discussed...
  7. Sahn S. Getting the most from pleural fluid analysis. Respirology. 2012;17:270-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The differential diagnosis for a pleural exudate can be narrowed if LDH levels exceed 1000 IU/L, the proportion of lymphocytes is ?80%, pleural fluid pH is <7.30 or there is pleural eosinophilia of >10%...
  8. Patel A, Choudhury S. Combined pleural fluid cholesterol and total protein in differentiation of exudates and transudates. Indian J Chest Dis Allied Sci. 2013;55:21-3 pubmed
    ..The management strategy to be adopted in pleural effusion depends on whether an effusion is a transudate or exudate...
  9. Dadgostar H, Ventura A, Chung J, Sharma S, Kaiser P. Evaluation of injection frequency and visual acuity outcomes for ranibizumab monotherapy in exudative age-related macular degeneration. Ophthalmology. 2009;116:1740-7 pubmed publisher

More Information

Publications162 found, 100 shown here

  1. Porcel J. Tuberculous pleural effusion. Lung. 2009;187:263-70 pubmed publisher
    ..A reasonable management strategy for pleural TB would be to initiate a four-drug regimen and perform a therapeutic thoracentesis in patients with large, symptomatic effusions...
  2. Seiscento M, Vargas F, Acencio M, Teixeira L, Capelozzi V, Sales R, et al. Pleural fluid cytokines correlate with tissue inflammatory expression in tuberculosis. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2010;14:1153-8 pubmed
    ..A tertiary care research centre in São Paolo, Brazil...
  3. Shah C, Hsu J, Garg S, Fischer D, Kaiser R. Retinal pigment epithelial tear after intravitreal bevacizumab injection. Am J Ophthalmol. 2006;142:1070-2 pubmed
    ..To report two cases of a retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) tear after intravitreal bevacizumab injection for exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD)...
  4. Rissanen T, Reinikainen H, Apaja Sarkkinen M. Breast sonography in localizing the cause of nipple discharge: comparison with galactography in 52 patients. J Ultrasound Med. 2007;26:1031-9 pubmed
    ..The purpose of this study was to evaluate breast sonography in localizing abnormalities in the discharging duct in patients with spontaneous nipple discharge...
  5. Coscas F, Coscas G, Souied E, Tick S, Soubrane G. Optical coherence tomography identification of occult choroidal neovascularization in age-related macular degeneration. Am J Ophthalmol. 2007;144:592-9 pubmed
    ..To evaluate and describe the various optical coherence tomography (OCT) features of occult choroidal neovascularization (CNV) in age-related macular degeneration (AMD) at the time of diagnosis...
  6. Aguiar L, Antonangelo L, Vargas F, Zerbini M, Sales M, Uip D, et al. Malignant and tuberculous pleural effusions: immunophenotypic cellular characterization. Clinics (Sao Paulo). 2008;63:637-44 pubmed
    ..Pleural involvement is associated with migration of immune cells to the pleural cavity. We sought to characterize the immunophenotype of leukocytes in the pleural effusion and peripheral blood of patients with tuberculosis or malignancy...
  7. Porcel J, Martinez Alonso M, Cao G, Bielsa S, Sopena A, Esquerda A. Biomarkers of heart failure in pleural fluid. Chest. 2009;136:671-677 pubmed publisher
    ..BNP and ST2 have not been previously evaluated in pleural fluid...
  8. Krenke R, Korczyński P. Use of pleural fluid levels of adenosine deaminase and interferon gamma in the diagnosis of tuberculous pleuritis. Curr Opin Pulm Med. 2010;16:367-75 pubmed publisher
    ..The diagnostic performance of ADA and IFN-gamma is analyzed, and the advantages and limitations of their use in differentiating between tuberculous and nontuberculous pleural effusion are discussed...
  9. Tarn A, Lapworth R. Biochemical analysis of ascitic (peritoneal) fluid: what should we measure?. Ann Clin Biochem. 2010;47:397-407 pubmed publisher
    ..Additional testing should be restricted to specific diagnostic queries and requires close collaboration between the laboratory and the clinician...
  10. Spandau U, Jonas J. Retinal pigment epithelium tear after intravitreal bevacizumab for exudative age-related macular degeneration. Am J Ophthalmol. 2006;142:1068-70 pubmed
    ..To report on the development of retinal pigment epithelium tears after intravitreal injections of bevacizumab as treatment of exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD)...
  11. Kiropoulos T, Kostikas K, Oikonomidi S, Tsilioni I, Nikoulis D, Germenis A, et al. Acute phase markers for the differentiation of infectious and malignant pleural effusions. Respir Med. 2007;101:910-8 pubmed
    ..However, further studies are needed for the validation of these findings in usual clinical circumstances...
  12. Jenkinson F, Murphy M. Biochemical analysis of pleural and ascitic fluid: effect of sample timing on interpretation of results. Ann Clin Biochem. 2007;44:471-3 pubmed
    ..Fluid and serum samples are required for both of these to be applied. The effect of the time interval between fluid and serum samples on the interpretation of results has not been studied...
  13. Jadhav A, Bardapurkar J. Diagnostic value of adenosine deaminase to differentiate exudates and transudates. Indian J Physiol Pharmacol. 2007;51:170-4 pubmed
    ..At a cut-off point 1.28, pleural fluid/serum ADA ratio was found to have sensitivity 84% and specificity 90%, respectively. From this study it is concluded that, ADA is a useful biochemical marker to suggest exudative effusions...
  14. Yucesoy C, Ozturk E, Ozer Y, Edgüer T, Hekimoglu B. Conventional galactography and MR contrast galactography for diagnosing nipple discharge: preliminary results. Korean J Radiol. 2008;9:426-31 pubmed publisher
    ..We wanted to compare the clinical usefulness of conventional galactography and MR contrast galactography for diagnosing patients with nipple discharge...
  15. Cohen S, Dubois L, Tadayoni R, Fajnkuchen F, Nghiem Buffet S, Delahaye Mazza C, et al. Results of one-year's treatment with ranibizumab for exudative age-related macular degeneration in a clinical setting. Am J Ophthalmol. 2009;148:409-13 pubmed publisher
    ..To evaluate the results of 1 year of treatment with intravitreal ranibizumab for exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in a clinical setting...
  16. Elagouz M, Stanescu Segall D, Jackson T. Uveal effusion syndrome. Surv Ophthalmol. 2010;55:134-45 pubmed publisher
    ..Although extremely rare, UES is a serious condition that is difficult to treat and can lead to severe and permanent visual loss in both eyes...
  17. Lippert F, Butler A, Lynch R. Enamel demineralization and remineralization under plaque fluid-like conditions: a quantitative light-induced fluorescence study. Caries Res. 2011;45:155-61 pubmed publisher
    ..F] had a stronger effect on net mineral change than pH. The present study has shown that QLF is a valuable tool in studying lesion de- and remineralization under PF-like conditions, where [F] was shown to be more important than pH. ..
  18. Matlach J, Nowak J, Göbel W. A novel technique for choroidal fluid drainage in uveal effusion syndrome. Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging Retina. 2013;44:274-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Choroidal fluid drainage was successful in both patients, with satisfactory outcome on follow-up. The proposed simple and feasible surgical drainage technique may improve the management of patients with UES. ..
  19. Fay A, King A, Shimony J, Crow Y, Brunstrom Hernandez J. Treatment of Leukoencephalopathy With Calcifications and Cysts With Bevacizumab. Pediatr Neurol. 2017;71:56-59 pubmed publisher
    ..Further studies in a cohort of patients are warranted to investigate the efficacy of VEGF inhibition as a treatment for leukoencephalopathy with calcifications and cysts. ..
  20. Yang W, Wu Z, Huang Z, Miao X. Preservation of orange juice using propolis. J Food Sci Technol. 2017;54:3375-3383 pubmed publisher
    ..It was concluded that propolis can be used as a natural additive agent in orange juice or other fruit juices as an alternative to chemical preservatives...
  21. Cohen S, Oubraham H, Uzzan J, Dubois L, Tadayoni R. Causes of unsuccessful ranibizumab treatment in exudative age-related macular degeneration in clinical settings. Retina. 2012;32:1480-5 pubmed publisher
    ..2 ± 11.2 versus 49.0 ± 12.0 (P = 0.0288). Although uncommon, visual loss may occur during ranibizumab treatment and is because of the natural course of age-related macular degeneration in most cases. ..
  22. Gillies M, Walton R, Simpson J, Arnold J, Guymer R, McAllister I, et al. Prospective audit of exudative age-related macular degeneration: 12-month outcomes in treatment-naive eyes. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2013;54:5754-60 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings indicate that VEGF inhibitors can achieve reasonably good outcomes for wet AMD when used in routine clinical practice. ..
  23. Simon D. Case 9: heavily exuding, malodorous, necrotic pressure ulcer. J Wound Care. 2016;25:S17 pubmed publisher
    ..Octenilin products were able to debride the necrotic tissue, so that the wound depth could be determined. After 4 weeks, the wound was covered with granulation tissue, improving the patient's quality of life. ..
  24. Wang R, Zhang H, Sun L, Qi G, Chen S, Zhao X. Microbial community composition is related to soil biological and chemical properties and bacterial wilt outbreak. Sci Rep. 2017;7:343 pubmed publisher
    ..In a conclusion, the higher abundance of beneficial microbes are positively related the higher soil quality, including better plant growth, lower disease incidence, and higher nutrient contents, soil enzyme activities and soil pH. ..
  25. Bujan J, Kaspari M. Nutrition modifies critical thermal maximum of a dominant canopy ant. J Insect Physiol. 2017;102:1-6 pubmed publisher
    ..In a rapidly warming world, carbohydrate availability and use may represent a new element for predicting population and community responses of herbivorous insects. ..
  26. Beauvillain C, Delneste Y, Scotet M, Peres A, Gascan H, Guermonprez P, et al. Neutrophils efficiently cross-prime naive T cells in vivo. Blood. 2007;110:2965-73 pubmed
  27. Herrera C, Escalante T, Voisin M, Rucavado A, Morazán D, Macêdo J, et al. Tissue localization and extracellular matrix degradation by PI, PII and PIII snake venom metalloproteinases: clues on the mechanisms of venom-induced hemorrhage. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2015;9:e0003731 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results provide novel clues for understanding the mechanisms by which SVMPs induce damage to the microvasculature and generate hemorrhage. ..
  28. Haichar F, Heulin T, Guyonnet J, Achouak W. Stable isotope probing of carbon flow in the plant holobiont. Curr Opin Biotechnol. 2016;41:9-13 pubmed publisher
    ..Finally, we discuss new SIP applications that have the potential to identify novel enzymes implicated in rhizoremediation or plant genes dedicated to root exudation by combining SIP approaches and genome wide associations studies. ..
  29. Rakitov R, Gorb S. Brochosomes protect leafhoppers (Insecta, Hemiptera, Cicadellidae) from sticky exudates. J R Soc Interface. 2013;10:20130445 pubmed publisher
    ..We argue that the production of brochosomes in leafhoppers and production of epidermal wax blooms in other sap-sucking hemipterans are alternative solutions, both serving to protect these insects from entrapment by their exudates. ..
  30. Dubrovskaya E, Pozdnyakova N, Golubev S, Muratova A, Grinev V, Bondarenkova A, et al. Peroxidases from root exudates of Medicago sativa and Sorghum bicolor: Catalytic properties and involvement in PAH degradation. Chemosphere. 2017;169:224-232 pubmed publisher
    ..These results indicate that the major peroxidases from root exudates of alfalfa and sorghum can have a role in the rhizosphere degradation of PAHs. ..
  31. Yu J, Liu X, Ke C, Wu Q, Lu W, Qin Z, et al. Effective Suckling C57BL/6, Kunming, and BALB/c Mouse Models with Remarkable Neurological Manifestation for Zika Virus Infection. Viruses. 2017;9: pubmed publisher
    ..The successful establishment of these animal models will be conducive to expound the pathogenic mechanism of GBS. ..
  32. Kopcinovic L, Culej J. Pleural, peritoneal and pericardial effusions - a biochemical approach. Biochem Med (Zagreb). 2014;24:123-37 pubmed publisher
    ..Additionally, preanalytical issues concerning serous fluid analysis were addressed and recommendations concerning acceptable analytical practice in serous fluid analysis were presented. ..
  33. Karst J, Gaster J, Wiley E, Landhausser S. Stress differentially causes roots of tree seedlings to exude carbon. Tree Physiol. 2017;37:154-164 pubmed publisher
    ..Stress affects exudation of C via mechanisms other than changes in root carbohydrate availability...
  34. Yang X, Kong C. Interference of allelopathic rice with paddy weeds at the root level. Plant Biol (Stuttg). 2017;19:584-591 pubmed publisher
    ..The results demonstrate that allelopathic rice interferes with paddy weeds by altering root placement patterns and root interactions. This is the first case of a root behavioural strategy in crop-weed allelopathic interaction...
  35. Sugita R. Good transfer of tebipenem into middle ear effusion conduces to the favorable clinical outcomes of tebipenem pivoxil in pediatric patients with acute otitis media. J Infect Chemother. 2013;19:465-71 pubmed publisher
    ..1 % (16/17). ..
  36. Porcel J. Pleural fluid biomarkers: beyond the Light criteria. Clin Chest Med. 2013;34:27-37 pubmed publisher
    ..The use of these biomarkers is currently encouraged as a routine diagnostic procedure. ..
  37. Lewis D, Marsh K, Radebe F, Maseko V, Hughes G. Trends and associations of Trichomonas vaginalis infection in men and women with genital discharge syndromes in Johannesburg, South Africa. Sex Transm Infect. 2013;89:523-7 pubmed publisher
  38. Asari S, Matzén S, Petersen M, Bejai S, Meijer J. Multiple effects of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens volatile compounds: plant growth promotion and growth inhibition of phytopathogens. FEMS Microbiol Ecol. 2016;92:fiw070 pubmed publisher
  39. Bashir M, Usmani T, Haripriya S, Ahmed T. Biological and textural properties of underutilized exudate gums of Jammu and Kashmir, India. Int J Biol Macromol. 2018;109:847-854 pubmed publisher
    ..The antioxidant potential of the gums may appreciate their inclusion in wide variety of food systems as functional additives. ..
  40. Carceller M, Guillén M, Ferrándiz M, Alcaraz M. Paracrine in vivo inhibitory effects of adipose tissue-derived mesenchymal stromal cells in the early stages of the acute inflammatory response. Cytotherapy. 2015;17:1230-9 pubmed publisher
    ..These results support the potential utility of these cells as a source of novel treatment approaches for inflammatory pathologies. ..
  41. Han S, Micallef S. Environmental Metabolomics of the Tomato Plant Surface Provides Insights on Salmonella enterica Colonization. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2016;82:3131-3142 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings uncover the possibility of selecting crop varieties based on characteristics that impair foodborne pathogen growth for enhanced safety of fresh produce. ..
  42. Iizaka S, Sugama J, Nakagami G, Kaitani T, Naito A, Koyanagi H, et al. Concurrent validation and reliability of digital image analysis of granulation tissue color for clinical pressure ulcers. Wound Repair Regen. 2011;19:455-63 pubmed publisher
    ..9. GRI and from digital image analysis can quantitatively evaluate granulation tissue color of clinical PUs. ..
  43. Wehrli S, Tawse K, Levin M, Zaidi A, Pistilli M, Brucker A. A lack of delayed intraocular pressure elevation in patients treated with intravitreal injection of bevacizumab and ranibizumab. Retina. 2012;32:1295-301 pubmed publisher
    ..These results argue against a significant risk of IOP elevation because of repeated anti-vascular endothelial growth factor therapy. ..
  44. Alegranci P, de Abreu Ribeiro L, Ferreira L, Negrini T, Maia D, Tansini A, et al. The predominance of alternatively activated macrophages following challenge with cell wall peptide-polysaccharide after prior infection with Sporothrix schenckii. Mycopathologia. 2013;176:57-65 pubmed publisher
    ..These results were consistent with cellular phenotyping that revealed increases in CD206-positive cells over this period. This is the first report of the participation of M2 macrophages in sporotrichosis infections. ..
  45. Chakotiya A, Tanwar A, Srivastava P, Narula A, Sharma R. Effect of aquo-alchoholic extract of Glycyrrhiza glabra against Pseudomonas aeruginosa in Mice Lung Infection Model. Biomed Pharmacother. 2017;90:171-178 pubmed publisher
    ..The current study expected to further exploit the biomedical properties of this extract in the preparation of a potent regimen against such threatening pathogen. ..
  46. Kim T, Choi S, Jang M, Lee G, Nam M, Son Y, et al. Efficacy of fibrin sealant for drainage reduction in total thyroidectomy with bilateral central neck dissection. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2012;147:654-60 pubmed
    ..Fibrin sealant has no additional advantage in terms of drainage reduction and early discharge despite the additional medical cost. ..
  47. Jing D, Liu F, Wang M, Ma H, Du Z, Ma B, et al. Effects of root pruning on the physicochemical properties and microbial activities of poplar rhizosphere soil. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0187685 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, root pruning, depending on the distance from the trunk, significantly influences the physicochemical properties and microbial activities in poplar rhizosphere soil...
  48. Turatto M, Dourado F, Zilli J, Botelho G. Control potential of Meloidogyne javanica and Ditylenchus spp. using fluorescent Pseudomonas and Bacillus spp. Braz J Microbiol. 2018;49:54-58 pubmed publisher
    ..javanica eggs (74% and 54.77%, respectively) and the motility of Ditylenchus spp. (55.19% and 53.53%, respectively) in vitro. Isolates were identified as belonging to the genera Pseudomonas (CBSAL05) and Bacillus (CBSAL02). ..
  49. Sung Y, Park K. Factors affecting the healing of pressure ulcers in a Korean acute care hospital. J Wound Ostomy Continence Nurs. 2011;38:38-45 pubmed publisher
    ..8 g/dL (20.8 grams/liter) (B = 1.107). When managing patients in an acute care setting, PU healing may be improved by maintaining MAP and providing protein supplements to keep serum albumin level greater than 2.8 g/dL (20.8 grams/liter). ..
  50. Fehér K, Nagy T, Szabo E, Bidlek M, Bak M, Sávolt A, et al. [Diagnostic imaging and histologic background of nipple discharge -- our experience with 40 patients]. Magy Onkol. 2012;56:79-83 pubmed publisher
    ..The final diagnosis is rendered by histologic examination, following the operation. The authors demonstrate the application and role of galactography through various cases. ..
  51. Santi M, Paulino Zunini M, Vera B, Bouzidi C, Dumontet V, Abin Carriquiry A, et al. Xanthine oxidase inhibitory activity of natural and hemisynthetic flavonoids from Gardenia oudiepe (Rubiaceae) in vitro and molecular docking studies. Eur J Med Chem. 2018;143:577-582 pubmed publisher
    ..These promising results, suggest the use of these compounds as potential leads for the design and development of novel XO inhibitors. ..
  52. Smith T, Ramsaroop R. Breast implant related anaplastic large cell lymphoma presenting as late onset peri-implant effusion. Breast. 2012;21:102-4 pubmed publisher
    ..A common presenting feature is late onset effusion around the implant.(1) We report the first case in New Zealand and add to the worldwide total of 34 reported cases. ..
  53. Gutierrez J, Escalante T, Rucavado A, Herrera C, Fox J. A Comprehensive View of the Structural and Functional Alterations of Extracellular Matrix by Snake Venom Metalloproteinases (SVMPs): Novel Perspectives on the Pathophysiology of Envenoming. Toxins (Basel). 2016;8: pubmed
    ..The study of the effects of SVMP on the ECM is an open field of research which may bring a renewed understanding of snake venom-induced pathology. ..
  54. Stefanov I, Pérez Rafael S, Hoyo J, Cailloux J, Santana Pérez O, Hinojosa Caballero D, et al. Multifunctional Enzymatically Generated Hydrogels for Chronic Wound Application. Biomacromolecules. 2017;18:1544-1555 pubmed publisher
    ..The stable at physiological conditions and resistant to lysozyme degradation hydrogels showed high biocompatibility with human skin fibroblasts...
  55. Porcel J. The case against performing pleural biopsies for the aetiological diagnosis of exudates. Rev Clin Esp. 2017;217:423-426 pubmed publisher
    ..Similarly, pathological and molecular studies on pleural fluid cell blocks or alternatively, image-guided pleural biopsies have drastically reduced the need for thoracoscopy. ..
  56. Kulimushi P, Basime G, Nachigera G, Thonart P, Ongena M. Efficacy of Bacillus amyloliquefaciens as biocontrol agent to fight fungal diseases of maize under tropical climates: from lab to field assays in south Kivu. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2018;25:29808-29821 pubmed publisher
    ..This work supports the hope of exploiting such technologically advantageous bacilli for the sake of sustainable local production of this important crop in central Africa. ..
  57. Benbow M, Stevens J. Exudate, infection and patient quality of life. Br J Nurs. 2010;19:S30, S32-6 pubmed
  58. Skouras V, Boultadakis E, Nikoulis D, Polychronopoulos V, Daniil Z, Kalomenidis I, et al. Prognostic value of C-reactive protein in parapneumonic effusions. Respirology. 2012;17:308-14 pubmed publisher
    ..Moreover, when used in combination with classical biomarkers, CRP levels may be a useful adjunct for decision-making in relation to treatment of patients with non-purulent PPE. ..
  59. Mittal V, Mittal R. Intracameral and topical voriconazole for fungal corneal endoexudates. Cornea. 2012;31:366-70 pubmed publisher
    ..Final BCVA varied from 20/2000 to 20/40 depending on location of corneal scar. Intracameral and topical voriconazole may be effective against deep fungal keratitis presenting with endoexudates. ..
  60. Bass L, Dillard T, Forseen C, Davis W. An unusual cause of massive pleural effusion. Am J Med Sci. 2012;344:505-7 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, such a case is reported. ..
  61. Quellec G, Lamard M, Cochener B, Decencière E, Lay B, Chabouis A, et al. Multimedia data mining for automatic diabetic retinopathy screening. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2013;2013:7144-7 pubmed publisher
    ..It was able to automatically detect 68% of the non referable examination records while achieving the same sensitivity as a second ophthalmologist. This suggests that it could safely reduce the burden on ophthalmologists by 56%. ..
  62. Brunetto G, Bastos de Melo G, Terzano R, Del Buono D, Astolfi S, Tomasi N, et al. Copper accumulation in vineyard soils: Rhizosphere processes and agronomic practices to limit its toxicity. Chemosphere. 2016;162:293-307 pubmed publisher
  63. Raimundo J, Ruano F, Pereira J, Mil Homens M, Brito P, Vale C, et al. Abnormal mortality of octopus after a storm water event: Accumulated lead and lead isotopes as fingerprints. Sci Total Environ. 2017;581-582:289-296 pubmed publisher
    ..Pb stable isotopes in octopus proved to be an adequate tool to confirm the cause of death and linking it to the environment conditions. ..
  64. Gopalakrishnan K, Thomas T. Reproductive biology of Pittosporum dasycaulon Miq., (Family Pittosporaceae) a rare medicinal tree endemic to Western Ghats. Bot Stud. 2014;55:15 pubmed publisher
    ..Our study presents a detailed account on reproductive biology of this medicinal tree which may help in the conservation and genetic improvement of this particular taxa. ..
  65. Carvalho B, Clark D, Yeomans D, Angst M. Continuous subcutaneous instillation of bupivacaine compared to saline reduces interleukin 10 and increases substance P in surgical wounds after cesarean delivery. Anesth Analg. 2010;111:1452-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Whether such modulation combined with the release of the proinflammatory mediator substance P results in an overall proinflammatory wound response will require future studies of wound healing. ..
  66. Gomi F, Sawa M, Tsujikawa M, Nishida K. Topical bromfenac as an adjunctive treatment with intravitreal ranibizumab for exudative age-related macular degeneration. Retina. 2012;32:1804-10 pubmed
    ..Topical bromfenac might reduce the frequency of ranibizumab over 6 months in eyes with relatively small age-related macular degeneration lesions. ..
  67. Schlegel M, Dubach V, von Buol L, Sieber T. Effects of endophytic fungi on the ash dieback pathogen. FEMS Microbiol Ecol. 2016;92: pubmed publisher
    ..Fraxinus ornus leaves experienced a low infection rate, independent of their colonization by endophytic fungi. These results did not support either hypothesis. ..
  68. Escalante T, Ortiz N, Rucavado A, Sanchez E, Richardson M, Fox J, et al. Role of collagens and perlecan in microvascular stability: exploring the mechanism of capillary vessel damage by snake venom metalloproteinases. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e28017 pubmed publisher
    ..These results underscore the key role played by these ECM components in the mechanical stability of microvessels. ..
  69. Heidari K, Amiri M, Kariman H, Bassiri M, Alimohammadi H, Hatamabadi H. Differentiation of exudate from transudate ascites based on the dipstick values of protein, glucose, and pH. Am J Emerg Med. 2013;31:779-82 pubmed publisher
    ..848-0.982; P < .001). We concluded that the dipstick can be an inexpensive, rapid, and simple option for categorizing ascites into transudate and exudate and can be used routinely for this purpose in clinical practice. ..
  70. Gaspar E, Sakai Y, Gaspari E. A mouse air pouch model for evaluating the immune response to Taenia crassiceps infection. Exp Parasitol. 2014;137:66-73 pubmed publisher
    ..In conclusion, these results demonstrate that the air pouch model is an alternative tool for the evaluation of the immune characteristics of T. crassiceps infection. ..
  71. Simon Sola M, Pérez Visñuk D, Benimeli C, Polti M, Alvarez A. Cr(VI) and lindane removal by Streptomyces M7 is improved by maize root exudates. J Basic Microbiol. 2017;57:1037-1044 pubmed publisher
    ..Consequently, lindane and Cr(VI) removal was considerably enhanced making evident the phytoremediation potential of the actinobacteria-plant partnership...
  72. Bao Y, Yao Z, Cao X, Peng J, Xu Y, Chen M, et al. Transcriptome analysis of Phelipanche aegyptiaca seed germination mechanisms stimulated by fluridone, TIS108, and GR24. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0187539 pubmed publisher
    ..Some potential target sites of TIS108 were also identified in our transcriptome data. The results of this experiment suggest that TIS108 and FL+GA3 could be used to control P. aegyptiaca through suicidal germination. ..
  73. Cohen S, Dubois L, Ayrault S, Dourmad P, Delahaye Mazza C, Fajnkuchen F, et al. Ranibizumab for exudative AMD in a clinical setting: differences between 2007 and 2010. Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 2013;251:2499-503 pubmed publisher
    ..This is probably due to the greater number of IVT performed. Alternate strategies, such as "inject and extend" or maintenance therapy, may also account for the better visual results. ..
  74. Medeiros A, Frazão C, Fernandes M, Andriola I, Lopes M, Lira A. Association of socioeconomic and clinical factors and tissue integrity outcome of patients with ulcers. Rev Gaucha Enferm. 2016;37:e54105 pubmed publisher
    ..This information should be considered when providing care for patients with a nursing diagnosis of impaired skin integrity and/or impaired tissue integrity. ..
  75. Trifan A, Stoica O, Chihaia C, Danciu M, Stanciu C, Singeap A. Eosinophilic esophagitis in an octogenarian: A case report and review of the literature. Medicine (Baltimore). 2016;95:e5169 pubmed
    ..This case emphasizes that EoE may occur in very old patients and gastroenterologists should have a high index of suspicion of this disorder in any elderly with dysphagia and endoscopic relevant features. ..
  76. Vengavasi K, Pandey R. Root exudation potential in contrasting soybean genotypes in response to low soil phosphorus availability is determined by photo-biochemical processes. Plant Physiol Biochem. 2018;124:1-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The observed variation in P uptake and growth responses might be attributed in part to the improved photo-biochemical processes exhibited by the P-efficient genotype EC-232019. ..
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    ..Change in TNCC over time would have resulted in misclassification of the effusion type in four of 47 samples. ..
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    ..There were no surgical or postoperative complications. Suprachoroidal infusion of drugs can be effective in reabsorbing massive SHE. ..
  79. Barreiro González A, Cerdà Ibáñez M, Barranco González H, Harto Castaño M, Calvo Penadés I, Senent Peris M, et al. Purtscher-like retinopathy associated with dermatomyositis and hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis. Arch Soc Esp Oftalmol. 2018;93:202-205 pubmed publisher
    ..Purstcher's retinopathy is a microvascular disorder with clinical signs of probable thrombotic origin. Its treatment is controversial, with systemic corticosteroids being the most widespread choice. ..
  80. Adnan S, Li J, Wallis S, Rudd M, Jarrett P, Paterson D, et al. Pharmacokinetics of meropenem and piperacillin in critically ill patients with indwelling surgical drains. Int J Antimicrob Agents. 2013;42:90-3 pubmed publisher
    ..We propose that only when very high drain fluid output is present (>1000 mL/day) would an additional dose of antibiotic be necessary. ..
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    ..Inspection of the patient's clothes may give information about any exudate from the skin and should be done routinely as part of the physical examination. ..
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    ..1%). The correlation was found between pleural effusion PCT and serum PCT levels in 16 patients (r²?=?0.967, p?<?0.001). In conclusion, a high pleural effusion PCT level suggests the presence of empyema and para-pneumonic effusion. ..
  83. Porcel J. Pleural effusions from congestive heart failure. Semin Respir Crit Care Med. 2010;31:689-97 pubmed publisher
    ..Loop diuretics are the mainstay of therapy, although a therapeutic thoracentesis for very large effusions may occasionally be required. ..
  84. Newman H, Finger P, Chin K, Pavlick A. Systemic bevacizumab (Avastin) for exudative retinal detachment secondary to choroidal melanoma. Eur J Ophthalmol. 2011;21:796-801 pubmed publisher
    ..This pilot study suggests that systemic bevacizumab was associated with transient systemic effects as well as resolution of choroidal melanoma-related exudative retinal detachment. ..
  85. Pelligand L, House A, Summers B, Hatzis A, Tivers M, Elliott J, et al. Development and validation of a tissue cage model of acute inflammation in the cat. J Vet Pharmacol Ther. 2012;35:239-48 pubmed publisher
    ..This model will facilitate the investigation of in vivo pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of anti-inflammatory drugs in this species. ..
  86. Loeuille D, Saulière N, Champigneulle J, Rat A, Blum A, Chary Valckenaere I. Comparing non-enhanced and enhanced sequences in the assessment of effusion and synovitis in knee OA: associations with clinical, macroscopic and microscopic features. Osteoarthritis Cartilage. 2011;19:1433-9 pubmed publisher
    ..45; P < 0.005). T2w sequences are adequate in assessing effusion volume in compare to joint volume by arthrocentesis but only T1wCE sequences are able to detect synovitis according to the reference of synovial biopsy. ..
  87. Pinelli V, Laroumagne S, Sakr L, Marchetti G, Tassi G, Astoul P. Pleural fluid cytological yield and visceral pleural invasion in patients with epithelioid malignant pleural mesothelioma. J Thorac Oncol. 2012;7:595-8 pubmed publisher
    ..In epithelioid MPM, PF cytological yield was significantly higher in patients with visceral pleural invasion assessed by thoracoscopy. Positive PF cytology is associated with a more advanced disease. ..
  88. Saribas Z, Ergun H, Mamuk S, Koseoglu Eser O, Melli M. Critical appraisal of air pouch infection model in rats. Ann Clin Lab Sci. 2012;42:50-6 pubmed
    ..The present study also showed that the air pouch infection model was a valuable tool to assess the pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic properties of antibiotics. ..
  89. Kim S, Lee K, Lee K, Lee Y. Recombinant IGFBP-3 inhibits allergic lung inflammation, VEGF production, and vascular leak in a mouse model of asthma. Allergy. 2012;67:869-77 pubmed publisher
  90. Kircik L, Del Rosso J. The treatment of inflammatory facial dermatoses with topical corticosteroids: focus on clocortolone pivalate 0.1% cream. J Drugs Dermatol. 2012;11:1194-8 pubmed
    ..Overall, the safety profile was favorable and devoid of any treatment-related serious adverse events. ..
  91. Sloan F, Hanrahan B. The effects of technological advances on outcomes for elderly persons with exudative age-related macular degeneration. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2014;132:456-63 pubmed publisher
    ..CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE This study demonstrates gains in population vision from the introduction of anti-VEGF therapy for patients 68 years or older with an exudative ARMD diagnosis in community-based settings in the United States. ..
  92. Grzela T, Niderla Bielinska J, Litwiniuk M, White R. The direct inhibition of MMP-2 and MMP-9 by an enzyme alginogel: a possible mechanism of healing support for venous leg ulcers. J Wound Care. 2014;23:278, 280-2, 284-5 pubmed
    ..Real-time zymography revealed that Flaminal mediated a powerful direct inhibition of gelatinolytic activity of wound exudate and of recombinant MMP-2/-9 in vitro. ..