plastids

Summary

Summary: Self-replicating cytoplasmic organelles of plant and algal cells that contain pigments and may synthesize and accumulate various substances. PLASTID GENOMES are used in phylogenetic studies.

Top Publications

  1. Hrdá S, Fousek J, Szabová J, Hampl V, Vlcek C. The plastid genome of Eutreptiella provides a window into the process of secondary endosymbiosis of plastid in euglenids. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e33746 pubmed publisher
    ..One distinct and diversified clade of euglenids is photoautotrophic, and its members bear green secondary plastids. In this paper we present the plastid genome of the euglenid Eutreptiella, which we assembled from 454 sequencing ..
  2. Shumskaya M, Bradbury L, Monaco R, Wurtzel E. Plastid localization of the key carotenoid enzyme phytoene synthase is altered by isozyme, allelic variation, and activity. Plant Cell. 2012;24:3725-41 pubmed publisher
    ..Mutating the active site of the enzyme reversed this phenotype. Discovery of differential PSY locations, linked with activity and isozyme type, advances the engineering potential for modifying carotenoid biosynthesis...
  3. Morita M, Nakamura M. Dynamic behavior of plastids related to environmental response. Curr Opin Plant Biol. 2012;15:722-8 pubmed publisher
    ..to environmental adaptation both in short-term (acute responses) and in long-term (developmental) processes would provide new insight into diversity in role(s) of plastids in a particular cell that do not only involve photosynthesis.
  4. Barsan C, Zouine M, Maza E, Bian W, Egea I, Rossignol M, et al. Proteomic analysis of chloroplast-to-chromoplast transition in tomato reveals metabolic shifts coupled with disrupted thylakoid biogenesis machinery and elevated energy-production components. Plant Physiol. 2012;160:708-25 pubmed publisher
    A comparative proteomic approach was performed to identify differentially expressed proteins in plastids at three stages of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) fruit ripening (mature-green, breaker, red)...
  5. Chotewutmontri P, Reddick L, McWilliams D, Campbell I, Bruce B. Differential transit peptide recognition during preprotein binding and translocation into flowering plant plastids. Plant Cell. 2012;24:3040-59 pubmed publisher
    ..These results are discussed in light of how individual translocon components sequentially interact with the precursor during binding and translocation and helps explain the apparent lack of sequence conservation in chloroplast TPs...
  6. Quinlan R, Shumskaya M, Bradbury L, Beltrán J, Ma C, Kennelly E, et al. Synergistic interactions between carotene ring hydroxylases drive lutein formation in plant carotenoid biosynthesis. Plant Physiol. 2012;160:204-14 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings will facilitate efforts to manipulate carotenoid content and composition for improving plant adaptation to climate change and/or for enhancing nutritionally important carotenoids in food crops...
  7. Otters S, Braun P, Hubner J, Wanner G, Vothknecht U, Chigri F. The first ?-helical domain of the vesicle-inducing protein in plastids 1 promotes oligomerization and lipid binding. Planta. 2013;237:529-40 pubmed publisher
    The vesicle-inducing protein in plastids 1 (Vipp1) is an essential component for thylakoid biogenesis in cyanobacteria and chloroplasts...
  8. Sheiner L, Striepen B. Protein sorting in complex plastids. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2013;1833:352-9 pubmed publisher
    ..a cyanobacterium in a pivitol event of endosymbiosis brought photosynthesis to eukaryotes, and gave rise to the plastids found in glaucophytes, red and green algae, and the descendants of the latter, the plants...
  9. Jeyaraju D, Sood A, Laforce Lavoie A, Pellegrini L. Rhomboid proteases in mitochondria and plastids: keeping organelles in shape. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2013;1833:371-80 pubmed publisher
    ..protein Parl, ensures the maintenance of the structural and functional integrity of mitochondria and plastids. Here, we discuss the studies that in the past decade have unveiled the role, regulation, and structure of this ..

Scientific Experts

More Information

Publications62

  1. Thyssen G, Svab Z, Maliga P. Exceptional inheritance of plastids via pollen in Nicotiana sylvestris with no detectable paternal mitochondrial DNA in the progeny. Plant J. 2012;72:84-8 pubmed publisher
    b>Plastids and mitochondria, the DNA-containing cytoplasmic organelles, are maternally inherited in the majority of angiosperm species...
  2. Baum D. The origin of primary plastids: a pas de deux or a ménage à trois?. Plant Cell. 2013;25:4-6 pubmed publisher
    The idea of an endosymbiotic origin of plastids has become incontrovertible, but many important aspects of plastid origins remain obscured in the mists of more than a billion years of evolutionary history...
  3. Glaser S, Higgins M. Overproduction, purification and crystallization of PfTic22, a component of the import apparatus from the apicoplast of Plasmodium falciparum. Acta Crystallogr Sect F Struct Biol Cryst Commun. 2012;68:351-4 pubmed publisher
    ..A data set extending to 2.15 Å resolution has been collected from a crystal containing selenomethionine-labelled protein and structure determination is under way...
  4. Okuda K, Shikanai T. A pentatricopeptide repeat protein acts as a site-specificity factor at multiple RNA editing sites with unrelated cis-acting elements in plastids. Nucleic Acids Res. 2012;40:5052-64 pubmed publisher
    ..with the genetic data, we conclude that OTP82 and CRR22 act as site-specificity factors at multiple sites in plastids. In addition, the high-affinity binding of CRR22 to unrelated cis-acting elements suggests that only certain ..
  5. Thyssen G, Svab Z, Maliga P. Cell-to-cell movement of plastids in plants. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012;109:2439-43 pubmed publisher
    Our objective was to test whether or not plastids and mitochondria, the two DNA-containing organelles, move between cells in plants...
  6. Zhang T, Fang Y, Wang X, Deng X, Zhang X, Hu S, et al. The complete chloroplast and mitochondrial genome sequences of Boea hygrometrica: insights into the evolution of plant organellar genomes. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e30531 pubmed publisher
    ..The cp-derived sequences including tRNAs found in angiosperm mt genomes support the conclusion that frequent gene transfer events may have begun early in the land plant lineage...
  7. Sturm S, Engelken J, Gruber A, Vugrinec S, Kroth P, Adamska I, et al. A novel type of light-harvesting antenna protein of red algal origin in algae with secondary plastids. BMC Evol Biol. 2013;13:159 pubmed publisher
  8. Zhelyazkova P, Sharma C, Förstner K, Liere K, Vogel J, Börner T. The primary transcriptome of barley chloroplasts: numerous noncoding RNAs and the dominating role of the plastid-encoded RNA polymerase. Plant Cell. 2012;24:123-36 pubmed publisher
    Gene expression in plastids of higher plants is dependent on two different transcription machineries, a plastid-encoded bacterial-type RNA polymerase (PEP) and a nuclear-encoded phage-type RNA polymerase (NEP), which recognize distinct ..
  9. Ross Friedman C, Ross B, Martens G. An antibody against a conserved C-terminal consensus motif from plant alternative oxidase (AOX) isoforms 1 and 2 label plastids in the explosive dwarf mistletoe (Arceuthobium americanum, Santalaceae) fruit exocarp. Protoplasma. 2013;250:317-23 pubmed publisher
    ..No label could be detected in the mitochondria of any fruit or seed tissue, but was observed in fruit exocarp plastids of samples collected in the last 2 weeks of study; plastids collected in week 10 had significantly more label ..
  10. Facchinelli F, Colleoni C, Ball S, Weber A. Chlamydia, cyanobiont, or host: who was on top in the ménage à trois?. Trends Plant Sci. 2013;18:673-9 pubmed publisher
    ..This connection pre-dates the recruitment of the host-derived carbon translocators on the plastid inner membranes of green and red algae, land plants, and photosynthetic organisms of higher order endosymbiotic origin. ..
  11. Stork S, Moog D, Przyborski J, Wilhelmi I, Zauner S, Maier U. Distribution of the SELMA translocon in secondary plastids of red algal origin and predicted uncoupling of ubiquitin-dependent translocation from degradation. Eukaryot Cell. 2012;11:1472-81 pubmed publisher
    Protein import into complex plastids of red algal origin is a multistep process including translocons of different evolutionary origins...
  12. Huesgen P, Alami M, Lange P, Foster L, Schröder W, Overall C, et al. Proteomic amino-termini profiling reveals targeting information for protein import into complex plastids. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e74483 pubmed publisher
    In organisms with complex plastids acquired by secondary endosymbiosis from a photosynthetic eukaryote, the majority of plastid proteins are nuclear-encoded, translated on cytoplasmic ribosomes, and guided across four membranes by a ..
  13. Huotari T, Korpelainen H. Complete chloroplast genome sequence of Elodea canadensis and comparative analyses with other monocot plastid genomes. Gene. 2012;508:96-105 pubmed publisher
    ..So far, only few cp genomes representing early lineages of monocots have been sequenced and, therefore, this study provides valuable information about the course of evolution in divergence of monocot lineages...
  14. Moschopoulos A, Derbyshire P, Byrne M. The Arabidopsis organelle-localized glycyl-tRNA synthetase encoded by EMBRYO DEFECTIVE DEVELOPMENT1 is required for organ patterning. J Exp Bot. 2012;63:5233-43 pubmed publisher
    ..a novel component to networks of genetic regulation of leaf development and suggest that organelles, particularly plastids, are required in leaf patterning...
  15. Pinheiro F, Cozzolino S, De Barros F, Gouveia T, Suzuki R, Fay M, et al. Phylogeographic structure and outbreeding depression reveal early stages of reproductive isolation in the neotropical orchid Epidendrum denticulatum. Evolution. 2013;67:2024-39 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results confirm the importance of phylogeographic studies associated with reproductive isolation experiments and suggest an important role for outbreeding depression during the early stages of lineage diversification. ..
  16. Peschke M, Moog D, Klingl A, Maier U, Hempel F. Evidence for glycoprotein transport into complex plastids. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013;110:10860-5 pubmed publisher
    Diatoms are microalgae that possess so-called "complex plastids," which evolved by secondary endosymbiosis and are surrounded by four membranes...
  17. Chauton M, Winge P, Brembu T, Vadstein O, Bones A. Gene regulation of carbon fixation, storage, and utilization in the diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum acclimated to light/dark cycles. Plant Physiol. 2013;161:1034-48 pubmed publisher
    ..Our data confirm the spatial localization of processes in carbon metabolism to either plastids or mitochondria or to glycolysis/gluconeogenesis, which are localized to the cytosol, chloroplast, and ..
  18. Botté C, Yamaryo Botte Y, Rupasinghe T, Mullin K, Macrae J, Spurck T, et al. Atypical lipid composition in the purified relict plastid (apicoplast) of malaria parasites. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013;110:7506-11 pubmed publisher
    ..Lipids atypical for plastids (sphingomyelins, ceramides, and cholesterol) were detected in apicoplasts...
  19. Veley K, Haswell E. Plastids and pathogens: mechanosensitive channels and survival in a hypoosmotic world. Plant Signal Behav. 2012;7:668-71 pubmed publisher
    ..We recently showed that two MscS homologs from Arabidopsis thaliana serve a similar purpose in the epidermal plastids of the leaf, indicating that the plant cell cytoplasm can present a dynamic osmotic challenge to the plastid...
  20. Stegemann S, Keuthe M, Greiner S, Bock R. Horizontal transfer of chloroplast genomes between plant species. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012;109:2434-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results provide a plausible mechanism for organelle capture in plants and suggest natural grafting as a path for horizontal gene and genome transfer between sexually incompatible species...
  21. Kirchsteiger K, Ferrández J, Pascual M, González M, Cejudo F. NADPH thioredoxin reductase C is localized in plastids of photosynthetic and nonphotosynthetic tissues and is involved in lateral root formation in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell. 2012;24:1534-48 pubmed publisher
    b>Plastids are organelles present in photosynthetic and nonphotosynthetic plant tissues...
  22. Witz S, Jung B, Fürst S, Möhlmann T. De novo pyrimidine nucleotide synthesis mainly occurs outside of plastids, but a previously undiscovered nucleobase importer provides substrates for the essential salvage pathway in Arabidopsis. Plant Cell. 2012;24:1549-59 pubmed publisher
    ..In plants, the two initial enzymatic reactions of de novo pyrimidine synthesis occur in the plastids. By use of green fluorescent protein fusions, clear support is provided for a localization of the remaining ..
  23. Schattat M, Griffiths S, Mathur N, Barton K, Wozny M, Dunn N, et al. Differential coloring reveals that plastids do not form networks for exchanging macromolecules. Plant Cell. 2012;24:1465-77 pubmed publisher
    Stroma-filled tubules named stromules are sporadic extensions of plastids. Earlier, photobleaching was used to demonstrate fluorescent protein diffusion between already interconnected plastids and formed the basis for suggesting that all ..
  24. Steele P, Hertweck K, Mayfield D, McKain M, Leebens Mack J, Pires J. Quality and quantity of data recovered from massively parallel sequencing: Examples in Asparagales and Poaceae. Am J Bot. 2012;99:330-48 pubmed publisher
  25. Lu Y, Rijzaani H, Karcher D, Ruf S, Bock R. Efficient metabolic pathway engineering in transgenic tobacco and tomato plastids with synthetic multigene operons. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013;110:E623-32 pubmed publisher
    The engineering of complex metabolic pathways requires the concerted expression of multiple genes. In plastids (chloroplasts) of plant cells, genes are organized in operons that are coexpressed as polycistronic transcripts and then often ..
  26. Ruckle M, Burgoon L, Lawrence L, Sinkler C, Larkin R. Plastids are major regulators of light signaling in Arabidopsis. Plant Physiol. 2012;159:366-90 pubmed publisher
    ..We conclude that the integration of light and plastid signaling regulates a number of END genes that help optimize chloroplast function and that at least some END genes affect photosynthesis-related gene expression...
  27. Pillon Y, Johansen J, Sakishima T, Chamala S, Barbazuk W, Roalson E, et al. Potential use of low-copy nuclear genes in DNA barcoding: a comparison with plastid genes in two Hawaiian plant radiations. BMC Evol Biol. 2013;13:35 pubmed publisher
    ..In contrast, low-copy nuclear genes have received little attention as DNA barcodes because of the absence of universal primers for PCR amplification...
  28. Germain A, Hotto A, Barkan A, Stern D. RNA processing and decay in plastids. Wiley Interdiscip Rev RNA. 2013;4:295-316 pubmed publisher
    b>Plastids were derived through endosymbiosis from a cyanobacterial ancestor, whose uptake was followed by massive gene transfer to the nucleus, resulting in the compact size and modest coding capacity of the extant plastid genome...
  29. Lepetit B, Sturm S, Rogato A, Gruber A, Sachse M, Falciatore A, et al. High light acclimation in the secondary plastids containing diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum is triggered by the redox state of the plastoquinone pool. Plant Physiol. 2013;161:853-65 pubmed publisher
    ..Additionally, they emphasize strong evidence for the existence of a plastid-to-nucleus retrograde signaling mechanism in an organism with plastids that derived from secondary endosymbiosis.
  30. Dong W, Xu C, Cheng T, Lin K, Zhou S. Sequencing angiosperm plastid genomes made easy: a complete set of universal primers and a case study on the phylogeny of saxifragales. Genome Biol Evol. 2013;5:989-97 pubmed publisher
    ..This set of universal primers is expected to accelerate the accumulation of angiosperm plastid genomes and to make faster mass data collection of plastid genomes for molecular systematics...
  31. Ball S, Subtil A, Bhattacharya D, Moustafa A, Weber A, Gehre L, et al. Metabolic effectors secreted by bacterial pathogens: essential facilitators of plastid endosymbiosis?. Plant Cell. 2013;25:7-21 pubmed publisher
    ..We provide evidence suggesting that the cyanobiont might have rescued its afflicted host by feeding photosynthetic carbon into a chlamydia-controlled assimilation pathway. ..
  32. Martin G, Baurens F, Cardi C, Aury J, D Hont A. The complete chloroplast genome of banana (Musa acuminata, Zingiberales): insight into plastid monocotyledon evolution. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e67350 pubmed publisher
    ..The discovery of new polymorphic markers within Musa chloroplast opens new perspectives to better understand the origin of cultivated triploid bananas. ..
  33. Ruhfel B, Gitzendanner M, Soltis P, Soltis D, Burleigh J. From algae to angiosperms-inferring the phylogeny of green plants (Viridiplantae) from 360 plastid genomes. BMC Evol Biol. 2014;14:23 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we explore the limits and challenges of inferring a comprehensive green plant phylogeny from available complete or nearly complete plastid genome sequence data...
  34. May B, Lange B, Wüst M. Biosynthesis of sesquiterpenes in grape berry exocarp of Vitis vinifera L.: evidence for a transport of farnesyl diphosphate precursors from plastids to the cytosol. Phytochemistry. 2013;95:135-44 pubmed publisher
    ..pool of precursors for sesquiterpene biosynthesis, indicating that a transport of precursors occurs mostly from plastids to the cytosol...
  35. Ni T, Yue J, Sun G, Zou Y, Wen J, Huang J. Ancient gene transfer from algae to animals: mechanisms and evolutionary significance. BMC Evol Biol. 2012;12:83 pubmed publisher
    ..Considering that choanoflagellates are the existing closest relatives of animals, we speculated that ancient HGT might have occurred in the unicellular ancestor of animals and affected the long-term evolution of animals...
  36. Maia V, Mata C, Franco L, Cardoso M, Cardoso S, Hemerly A, et al. DNA barcoding Bromeliaceae: achievements and pitfalls. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e29877 pubmed publisher
    ..The Plant Working Group of the Consortium for the Barcode of Life (CBOL) recommended the two-marker combination rbcL/matK as a pragmatic solution to a complex trade-off between universality, sequence quality, discrimination, and cost...
  37. Lenucci M, Serrone L, De Caroli M, Fraser P, Bramley P, Piro G, et al. Isoprenoid, lipid, and protein contents in intact plastids isolated from mesocarp cells of traditional and high-pigment tomato cultivars at different ripening stages. J Agric Food Chem. 2012;60:1764-75 pubmed publisher
    ..quali-quantitative analyses on isoprenoids, phospholipids, neutral lipids, phytosterols, and proteins in purified plastids isolated from fresh fruits of traditional (Donald and Incas) and high-pigment (Kalvert and HLY-18) tomato ..
  38. Uematsu K, Suzuki N, Iwamae T, Inui M, Yukawa H. Increased fructose 1,6-bisphosphate aldolase in plastids enhances growth and photosynthesis of tobacco plants. J Exp Bot. 2012;63:3001-9 pubmed publisher
    ..It was concluded that increased photosynthetic rate was responsible for enhanced growth and biomass yields of aldolase-overexpressing plants...
  39. Veley K, Marshburn S, Clure C, Haswell E. Mechanosensitive channels protect plastids from hypoosmotic stress during normal plant growth. Curr Biol. 2012;22:408-13 pubmed publisher
    ..Organelles may respond similarly to abrupt changes in cytoplasmic osmolarity. The plastids of the Arabidopsis thaliana leaf epidermis provide a model system for the study of organellar response to osmotic ..
  40. Takenaka M, Zehrmann A, Verbitskiy D, Kugelmann M, Härtel B, Brennicke A. Multiple organellar RNA editing factor (MORF) family proteins are required for RNA editing in mitochondria and plastids of plants. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012;109:5104-9 pubmed publisher
    RNA editing in plastids and mitochondria of flowering plants changes hundreds of selected cytidines to uridines, mostly in coding regions of mRNAs...
  41. Iles W, Rudall P, Sokoloff D, Remizowa M, Macfarlane T, Logacheva M, et al. Molecular phylogenetics of Hydatellaceae (Nymphaeales): sexual-system homoplasy and a new sectional classification. Am J Bot. 2012;99:663-76 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we use molecular evidence to infer a species tree for the family and apply this to reconstructing major transitions in morphology and sexual system in this early branch of angiosperms...
  42. Lo S, Theg S. Role of vesicle-inducing protein in plastids 1 in cpTat transport at the thylakoid. Plant J. 2012;71:656-68 pubmed publisher
    ..We propose a model in which VIPP1 facilitates reorganization of the thylakoid structure to increase substrate access to productive binding regions of the membrane as an early step in the cpTat pathway...
  43. Sugita C, Kato Y, Yoshioka Y, Tsurumi N, Iida Y, Machida Y, et al. CRUMPLED LEAF (CRL) homologs of Physcomitrella patens are involved in the complete separation of dividing plastids. Plant Cell Physiol. 2012;53:1124-33 pubmed publisher
    ..This strongly suggests that PpCRLs are involved in the complete separation of dividing chloroplasts...
  44. Zhang J, Ruf S, Hasse C, Childs L, Scharff L, Bock R. Identification of cis-elements conferring high levels of gene expression in non-green plastids. Plant J. 2012;72:115-28 pubmed publisher
    ..quantitative method suitable for determining the activity of cis-acting elements for gene expression in non-green plastids. The in vivo assay is based on stable transformation of the plastid genome and the discovery that root length ..
  45. Boussardon C, Salone V, Avon A, Berthomé R, Hammani K, Okuda K, et al. Two interacting proteins are necessary for the editing of the NdhD-1 site in Arabidopsis plastids. Plant Cell. 2012;24:3684-94 pubmed publisher
    ..We propose that CRR4 and DYW1 act together to edit the ndhD-1 site...
  46. Blouin N, Lane C. Red algal parasites: models for a life history evolution that leaves photosynthesis behind again and again. Bioessays. 2012;34:226-35 pubmed publisher
    ..We also place red algal research in the context of recent developments in understanding the genome evolution of other eukaryotic photosynthesizers turned parasites...
  47. Botté C, Yamaryo Botte Y, Janouskovec J, Rupasinghe T, Keeling P, Crellin P, et al. Identification of plant-like galactolipids in Chromera velia, a photosynthetic relative of malaria parasites. J Biol Chem. 2011;286:29893-903 pubmed publisher
    ..Despite being nonphotosynthetic, the apicoplast is otherwise metabolically similar to algal and plant plastids and is essential for parasite survival...
  48. Janouskovec J, Horak A, Obornik M, Lukes J, Keeling P. A common red algal origin of the apicomplexan, dinoflagellate, and heterokont plastids. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010;107:10949-54 pubmed publisher
    ..of apicomplexan evolution and the evolutionary history of endosymbiosis and photosynthesis; however, the two plastids are nearly impossible to compare due to their nonoverlapping information content...
  49. Kindgren P, Kremnev D, Blanco N, de Dios Barajas López J, Fernández A, Tellgren Roth C, et al. The plastid redox insensitive 2 mutant of Arabidopsis is impaired in PEP activity and high light-dependent plastid redox signalling to the nucleus. Plant J. 2012;70:279-91 pubmed publisher
    ..The plastids produce multiple retrograde signals at different times of their development, and in response to changes in the ..
  50. Moog D, Stork S, Zauner S, Maier U. In silico and in vivo investigations of proteins of a minimized eukaryotic cytoplasm. Genome Biol Evol. 2011;3:375-82 pubmed publisher
    Algae with secondary plastids such as diatoms maintain two different eukaryotic cytoplasms. One of them, the so-called periplastidal compartment (PPC), is the naturally minimized cytoplasm of a eukaryotic endosymbiont...
  51. Kocyan A, Snijman D, Forest F, Devey D, Freudenstein J, Wiland Szymańska J, et al. Molecular phylogenetics of Hypoxidaceae--evidence from plastid DNA data and inferences on morphology and biogeography. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2011;60:122-36 pubmed publisher
    ..Based on our phylogenetic results, we suggest cautious nomenclatural reorganization to generate monophyly at the generic level...
  52. Li W, Ruf S, Bock R. Chloramphenicol acetyltransferase as selectable marker for plastid transformation. Plant Mol Biol. 2011;76:443-51 pubmed publisher
  53. Kim E, Archibald J. Plastid evolution: gene transfer and the maintenance of 'stolen' organelles. BMC Biol. 2010;8:73 pubmed publisher
    Many heterotrophic organisms sequester plastids from prey algae and temporarily utilize their photosynthetic capacity...