veterinary abortion

Summary

Summary: Premature expulsion of the FETUS in animals.

Top Publications

  1. Kaltenboeck B, Hehnen H, Vaglenov A. Bovine Chlamydophila spp. infection: do we underestimate the impact on fertility?. Vet Res Commun. 2005;29 Suppl 1:1-15 pubmed
    ..Such infections proceed without apparent disease or with only subtle expressions of disease, but potentially have a large impact on bovine herd health and fertility...
  2. al Ani F, el Qaderi S, Hailat N, Razziq R, al Darraji A. Human and animal brucellosis in Jordan between 1996 and 1998: a study. Rev Sci Tech. 2004;23:831-40 pubmed
    ..To avoid brucellosis in humans, people should be educated about the dangers of contact with infected animals and the consumption of raw milk and milk products...
  3. Petit T, Spergser J, Aurich J, Rosengarten R. Prevalence of Chlamydiaceae and Mollicutes on the genital mucosa and serological findings in dairy cattle. Vet Microbiol. 2008;127:325-33 pubmed
    ..diversum existed in 12% of cervical and 36% of vaginal swabs and was found in 8 out of 17 animals with vaginitis. Out of the animals tested, 44.9% were seropositive for Chlamydiaceae, 14.8% for M. bovis and 27.3% for M. bovigenitalium...
  4. Greco G, Corrente M, Buonavoglia D, Campanile G, Di Palo R, Martella V, et al. Epizootic abortion related to infections by Chlamydophila abortus and Chlamydophila pecorum in water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis). Theriogenology. 2008;69:1061-9 pubmed publisher
    ..in water buffalo (B. Bubalis) herds...
  5. Wehrend A, Failing K, Hauser B, Jäger C, Bostedt H. Production, reproductive, and metabolic factors associated with chlamydial seropositivity and reproductive tract antigens in dairy herds with fertility disorders. Theriogenology. 2005;63:923-30 pubmed
    ..The largest risk factor was for the association of ovarian cysts (OR = 21.5) with uterine antigen. In conclusion, chlamydial infection in dairy herd cows is best understood as a multifactorial disease...
  6. Buxton D, Maley S, Wright S, Rodger S, Bartley P, Innes E. Toxoplasma gondii and ovine toxoplasmosis: new aspects of an old story. Vet Parasitol. 2007;149:25-8 pubmed
    ..gondii with a tendency for samples from certain genetic lines of Charollais sheep more likely to be positive than samples from other lines, suggesting that some sheep have a particular genetic susceptibility to T. gondii...
  7. McCauley L, Lancaster M, Young P, Butler K, Ainsworth C. Comparison of ELISA and CFT assays for Chlamydophila abortus antibodies in ovine sera. Aust Vet J. 2007;85:325-8 pubmed
    ..To compare the sensitivity and specificity of Chlamydophila abortus antibody assays, to find a suitable serological assay for testing sheep for export...
  8. Anderson M. Infectious causes of bovine abortion during mid- to late-gestation. Theriogenology. 2007;68:474-86 pubmed
    ..The pathology and other findings used in the laboratory diagnosis of the major infectious agents causing bovine abortion in mid- to late-gestation will be discussed...
  9. Morley E, Williams R, Hughes J, Terry R, Duncanson P, Smith J, et al. Significant familial differences in the frequency of abortion and Toxoplasma gondii infection within a flock of Charollais sheep. Parasitology. 2005;131:181-5 pubmed
    ..gondii infection. This work invites further study into the epidemiology of ovine toxoplasmosis and may have implications for sheep husbandry methods in the future...

More Information

Publications82

  1. Borel N, Thoma R, Spaeni P, Weilenmann R, Teankum K, Brugnera E, et al. Chlamydia-related abortions in cattle from Graubunden, Switzerland. Vet Pathol. 2006;43:702-8 pubmed
    ..The significance of chlamydia-like isolates other than Waddlia chondrophila remains an open question in abortion and needs further investigation...
  2. Carpenter T, Chriel M, Andersen M, Wulfson L, Jensen A, Houe H, et al. An epidemiologic study of late-term abortions in dairy cattle in Denmark, July 2000-August 2003. Prev Vet Med. 2006;77:215-29 pubmed
    ..001). These findings provide further insight into the reported abortion pattern in Danish dairies and may facilitate planning future control programs...
  3. Berri M, Rousset E, Hechard C, Champion J, Dufour P, Russo P, et al. Progression of Q fever and Coxiella burnetii shedding in milk after an outbreak of enzootic abortion in a goat herd. Vet Rec. 2005;156:548-9 pubmed
  4. Moore D, Overton M, Chebel R, Truscott M, BonDurant R. Evaluation of factors that affect embryonic loss in dairy cattle. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2005;226:1112-8 pubmed
    ..To identify potential risk factors for embryonic loss before 35 to 42 days of gestation in dairy cattle...
  5. Borel N, Sachse K, Rassbach A, Bruckner L, Vretou E, Psarrou E, et al. Ovine enzootic abortion (OEA): antibody response in vaccinated sheep compared to naturally infected sheep. Vet Res Commun. 2005;29 Suppl 1:151-6 pubmed
  6. Vretou E, Radouani F, Psarrou E, Kritikos I, Xylouri E, Mangana O. Evaluation of two commercial assays for the detection of Chlamydophila abortus antibodies. Vet Microbiol. 2007;123:153-61 pubmed
    ..The C. abortus ELISA by the Institut Pourquier identified less OEA-positive sera than the other assays though it identified correctly 9 of 10 OEA-positive flocks. The basis of the discordant results is discussed...
  7. McDougall S, Rhodes F, Verkerk G. Pregnancy loss in dairy cattle in the Waikato region of New Zealand. N Z Vet J. 2005;53:279-87 pubmed
    ..To define the incidence rate of pregnancy loss and risk factors for those losses in pasture-fed dairy cattle in the Waikato region of New Zealand...
  8. Morley E, Williams R, Hughes J, Thomasson D, Terry R, Duncanson P, et al. Evidence that primary infection of Charollais sheep with Toxoplasma gondii may not prevent foetal infection and abortion in subsequent lambings. Parasitology. 2008;135:169-73 pubmed
    ..gondii infections may not always be acquired following an initial infection and raises the question as to whether the mechanisms of T. gondii transmission prior to and during ovine pregnancies are fully understood...
  9. Givens M, Marley M. Infectious causes of embryonic and fetal mortality. Theriogenology. 2008;70:270-85 pubmed publisher
    ..The foundation of an accurate diagnosis of reproductive loss due to infectious pathogens facilitates the prudent use of immunization and biosecurity to minimize reproductive losses...
  10. Lopez Gatius F, Santolaria P, Yaniz J, Rutllant J, Lopez Bejar M. Factors affecting pregnancy loss from gestation Day 38 to 90 in lactating dairy cows from a single herd. Theriogenology. 2002;57:1251-61 pubmed
    ..Risk factors for pregnancy loss were twin pregnancy, reduced body condition after previous parturition and the inseminating bull...
  11. Santos J, Cerri R, Ballou M, Higginbotham G, Kirk J. Effect of timing of first clinical mastitis occurrence on lactational and reproductive performance of Holstein dairy cows. Anim Reprod Sci. 2004;80:31-45 pubmed
    ..Mastitis either prior to or after first postpartum AI impairs lactation performance, increases culling, and decreases reproductive efficiency in high producing Holstein dairy cows...
  12. García de la Fuente J, Gutiérrez Martín C, Ortega N, Rodriguez Ferri E, Del Rio M, Gonzalez O, et al. Efficacy of different commercial and new inactivated vaccines against ovine enzootic abortion. Vet Microbiol. 2004;100:65-76 pubmed
    ..The new vaccine M7 especially showed no abortions, a good antibody response, the highest newborn lamb weights and the lowest level of C. abortus shedding at lambing...
  13. Pospischil A, Thoma R, Hilbe M, Grest P, Gebbers J. Abortion in woman caused by caprine Chlamydophila abortus (Chlamydia psittaci serovar 1). Swiss Med Wkly. 2002;132:64-6 pubmed
    ..The placenta contained Chlamydophila abortus shown by immunohistochemistry and PCR. The aim of the present case report is to alert medical doctors about the potential zoonotic risk of ovine/caprine abortions...
  14. Markusfeld Nir O. Epidemiology of bovine abortions in Israeli dairy herds. Prev Vet Med. 1997;31:245-55 pubmed
    ..9 to 3.9). One, two and three peaks of abortions were established in 53.2%, 24.3%, and 0.9% of the 111 herds studied in 1995. None were detected in 21.6% of the herds...
  15. Tsakos P, Siarkou V, Guscetti F, Chowdhury H, Papaioannou N, Vretou E, et al. Experimental infection of pregnant ewes with enteric and abortion-source Chlamydophila abortus. Vet Microbiol. 2001;82:285-91 pubmed
    ..Our results suggest that enteric C. abortus can be associated with placental and foetal lesions in sheep...
  16. Berri M, Souriau A, Crosby M, Crochet D, Lechopier P, Rodolakis A. Relationships between the shedding of Coxiella burnetii, clinical signs and serological responses of 34 sheep. Vet Rec. 2001;148:502-5 pubmed
    ..Among the ELISA- and PCR-positive animals, eight (25 per cent) shed coxiella in their milk and six (18 per cent) did so in their faeces...
  17. Chanton Greutmann H, Thoma R, Corboz L, Borel N, Pospischil A. [Abortion in small ruminants in Switzerland: investigations during two lambing seasons (1996-1998) with special regard to chlamydial abortions]. Schweiz Arch Tierheilkd. 2002;144:483-92 pubmed
    ..Malformation occurred in sheep (2%) and goats (3%) and lesions suggestive for Vitamin E/Selenium deficiency were seen in goats only (2%)...
  18. Dubey J. Recent advances in Neospora and neosporosis. Vet Parasitol. 1999;84:349-67 pubmed
    ..Progress made in serologic diagnosis of N. caninum infection is discussed. There is no vaccine for preventing Neospora-induced abortions in cattle or to prevent oocyst shedding in dogs...
  19. Bjorkman C, Alenius S, Manuelsson U, Uggla A. Neospora caninum and bovine virus diarrhoea virus infections in Swedish dairy cows in relation to abortion. Vet J. 2000;159:201-6 pubmed
    ..caninum and BVDV. It is concluded that Swedish dairy cows have a low prevalence of N. caninum infection which is favourable in relation to possible future control programmes...
  20. Fourichon C, Seegers H, Malher X. Effect of disease on reproduction in the dairy cow: a meta-analysis. Theriogenology. 2000;53:1729-59 pubmed
    ..Anestrus was associated with 26 more days to first service and with an 18% lower conception rate at first service, resulting in 41 more days to conception. Abortion was associated with 70 to 80 more days to conception...
  21. Dijkstra T, Barkema H, Eysker M, Wouda W. Evidence of post-natal transmission of Neospora caninum in Dutch dairy herds. Int J Parasitol. 2001;31:209-15 pubmed
    ..Aborting animals were mainly part of the high seroprevalence age-group. These findings strongly indicate a post-natal infection of the animals in the high seroprevalence age-groups, probably due to a point source exposure to N. caninum...
  22. Wang F, Shieh H, Liao Y. Prevalence of Chlamydophila abortus infection in domesticated ruminants in Taiwan. J Vet Med Sci. 2001;63:1215-20 pubmed
    ..felis (feline) and C. psittaci (avian) strains. Taiwanese isolates had 98.8-100% homology with known ruminant abortion strains and were phylogenetically closest to bovine LW508 strain...
  23. Dijkstra T, Barkema H, Hesselink J, Wouda W. Point source exposure of cattle to Neospora caninum consistent with periods of common housing and feeding and related to the introduction of a dog. Vet Parasitol. 2002;105:89-98 pubmed
    ..caninum by materials from already infected cattle and subsequently transmitted the infection to other cattle by shedding of oocysts...
  24. Chebel R, Santos J, Reynolds J, Cerri R, Juchem S, Overton M. Factors affecting conception rate after artificial insemination and pregnancy loss in lactating dairy cows. Anim Reprod Sci. 2004;84:239-55 pubmed
    ..In conclusion, CR was affected by HS prior to AI, parity, number of AI, and postparturient diseases, whereas PL was affected by clinical mastitis...
  25. Borel N, Doherr M, Vretou E, Psarrou E, Thoma R, Pospischil A. Seroprevalences for ovine enzootic abortion in Switzerland. Prev Vet Med. 2004;65:205-16 pubmed
    ..The cELISA in combination with testing pooled sera and statistical methods for true prevalence estimation provided a good survey tool at lower costs and time when compared to other approaches...
  26. Silke V, Diskin M, Kenny D, Boland M, Dillon P, Mee J, et al. Extent, pattern and factors associated with late embryonic loss in dairy cows. Anim Reprod Sci. 2002;71:1-12 pubmed
    ..The extent of embryonic loss was greater (P<0.05) in cows that lost body condition between days 28 and 56 of gestation compared with cows than either maintained or improved in body condition...
  27. Henning K, Schares G, Granzow H, Polster U, Hartmann M, Hotzel H, et al. Neospora caninum and Waddlia chondrophila strain 2032/99 in a septic stillborn calf. Vet Microbiol. 2002;85:285-92 pubmed
    ..chondrophila or a closely related organism...
  28. Rekiki A, Bouakane A, Hammami S, El Idrissi A, Bernard F, Rodolakis A. Efficacy of live Chlamydophila abortus vaccine 1B in protecting mice placentas and foetuses against strains of Chlamydophila pecorum isolated from cases of abortion. Vet Microbiol. 2004;99:295-9 pubmed
    ..pecorum, since it significantly reduced the placental Chlamydophila colonisation. The two C. pecorum strains were not sufficiently abortifacient in mice to use reduction in abortion as a criterion of protection...
  29. Dijkstra T, Barkema H, Bjorkman C, Wouda W. A high rate of seroconversion for Neospora caninum in a dairy herd without an obvious increased incidence of abortions. Vet Parasitol. 2002;109:203-11 pubmed
    ..However, also evidence was found for an unexplained ongoing horizontal transmission after the initial point source exposure...
  30. El Idrissi A, Benkirane A, el Maadoudi M, Bouslikhane M, Berrada J, Zerouali A. Comparison of the efficacy of Brucella abortus strain RB51 and Brucella melitensis Rev. 1 live vaccines against experimental infection with Brucella melitensis in pregnant ewes. Rev Sci Tech. 2001;20:741-7 pubmed
    ..The difference compared to the control group was not significant. Data from this study suggest that the RB51 vaccine used for cattle vaccination does not provide effective protection of sheep against abortion induced by B. melitensis...
  31. Cavirani S, Cabassi C, Donofrio G, De Iaco B, Taddei S, Flammini C. Association between Chlamydia psittaci seropositivity and abortion in Italian dairy cows. Prev Vet Med. 2001;50:145-51 pubmed
    ..The true seroprevalence (45%) in aborted cows was significantly higher than that in the control group (24%) (adjusted odds ratio=2.53)...
  32. Rodolakis A, Salinas J, Papp J. Recent advances on ovine chlamydial abortion. Vet Res. 1998;29:275-88 pubmed
    ..The recent advances on prophylaxis are presented, as well as the research efforts needs for the next century...
  33. Lopez Gatius F, Santolaria P, Yaniz J, Garbayo J, Almeria S. The use of beef bull semen reduced the risk of abortion in Neospora-seropositive dairy cows. J Vet Med B Infect Dis Vet Public Health. 2005;52:88-92 pubmed
  34. Szeredi L, Haake D. Immunohistochemical identification and pathologic findings in natural cases of equine abortion caused by leptospiral infection. Vet Pathol. 2006;43:755-61 pubmed
    ..The primary advantage of IHC over silver staining was the ability of IHC to identify leptospiral antigen not only as morphologically intact spiral forms. ..
  35. Pegorer M, Vasconcelos J, Trinca L, Hansen P, Barros C. Influence of sire and sire breed (Gyr versus Holstein) on establishment of pregnancy and embryonic loss in lactating Holstein cows during summer heat stress. Theriogenology. 2007;67:692-7 pubmed
    ..Moreover, sire can affect embryonic loss and selection of bulls according to this criterion may result in higher parturition rates in lactating Holstein cows. ..
  36. Burrough E, Sahin O, Plummer P, Zhang Q, Yaeger M. Pathogenicity of an emergent, ovine abortifacient Campylobacter jejuni clone orally inoculated into pregnant guinea pigs. Am J Vet Res. 2009;70:1269-76 pubmed publisher
    ..To compare pathogenicity of an emergent abortifacient Campylobacter jejuni (IA 3902) with that of reference strains after oral inoculation in pregnant guinea pigs...
  37. Wirz Dittus S, Belloy L, Doherr M, Hüssy D, Sting R, Gabioud P, et al. Use of an indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for detection of antibodies in sheep naturally infected with Salmonella Abortusovis. J Vet Diagn Invest. 2010;22:531-6 pubmed
    ..The test characteristics and evidence for the persistence of detectable antibody levels in all infected animals for up to 10 months indicates that the ELISA can be used for herd surveillance testing. ..
  38. Gädicke P, Vidal R, Monti G. Economic effect of bovine abortion syndrome in commercial dairy herds in Southern Chile. Prev Vet Med. 2010;97:9-19 pubmed publisher
    ..05). The age of culled cows was the input variable most correlated with TNR and dairy production was the second. However, the sale price of milk resulted in a low correlation with abortion cost. ..
  39. Arenas Gamboa A, Ficht T, Davis D, Elzer P, Wong Gonzalez A, Rice Ficht A. Enhanced immune response of red deer (Cervus elaphus) to live rb51 vaccine strain using composite microspheres. J Wildl Dis. 2009;45:165-73 pubmed
    ..These data suggest that alginate-VpB microspheres provide a method to enhance the RB51 vaccine performance in elk. ..
  40. Spilovská S, Reiterová K, Kovácová D, Bobáková M, Dubinsky P. The first finding of Neospora caninum and the occurrence of other abortifacient agents in sheep in Slovakia. Vet Parasitol. 2009;164:320-3 pubmed publisher
    ..The first survey of neosporosis in aborting sheep from eastern Slovakia revealed a low prevalence resulting in a lower impact on reproduction losses in these small ruminants. ..
  41. Bawa B, Bai J, Whitehair M, Purvis T, DeBey B. Bovine abortion associated with Nocardia farcinica. J Vet Diagn Invest. 2010;22:108-11 pubmed
    ..Nocardia farcinica was isolated by bacteriology, and the bacteriology result was confirmed by 2 established polymerase chain reaction protocols and by DNA sequencing. ..
  42. Cabassi C, Taddei S, Donofrio G, Ghidini F, Piancastelli C, Flammini C, et al. Association between Coxiella burnetii seropositivity and abortion in dairy cattle of Northern Italy. New Microbiol. 2006;29:211-4 pubmed
    ..001). Moreover, a significant higher prevalence was disclosed in cattle which aborted during late gestation (p < 0.002) and in the autumn (p < 0.001). ..
  43. Ousey J, Houghton E, Grainger L, Rossdale P, Fowden A. Progestagen profiles during the last trimester of gestation in Thoroughbred mares with normal or compromised pregnancies. Theriogenology. 2005;63:1844-56 pubmed
    ..Although progestagen profiles differed between normal and abnormal pregnancies, no clear link was demonstrated between maternal plasma concentrations of P4, 5alpha-DHP or any other progestagen and the maintenance of pregnancy. ..
  44. Drew T, David G, Steinbach F. Occurrence of a second strain of BVDV-2 in the UK. Vet Rec. 2007;160:810 pubmed
  45. Hasler B, Stark K, Gottstein B, Reist M. [Epidemiological and financial considerations for the control of Neospora caninum on Swiss dairy farms]. Schweiz Arch Tierheilkd. 2008;150:273-80 pubmed
    ..The strategy "chemotherapy of calves" should be re-evaluated as soon as new data regarding the efficacy of treatment and a corresponding protocol have been scientifically validated. ..
  46. Chen C, Cui S. Detection of porcine parvovirus by loop-mediated isothermal amplification. J Virol Methods. 2009;155:122-5 pubmed publisher
    ..The detection limit of the assay was shown to be equivalent to 5 PPV copies/reaction. Due to its specificity and simplicity, the assay should be a useful diagnostic tool for epidemiologic studies of PPV...
  47. Carman S, Carr N, DeLay J, Baxi M, Deregt D, Hazlett M. Bovine viral diarrhea virus in alpaca: abortion and persistent infection. J Vet Diagn Invest. 2005;17:589-93 pubmed
    ..The cria remained serum antibody negative to both BVDV type 1 and type 2. A diagnosis of persistent infection was made. This is the first report describing persistent infection with BVDV in an alpaca cria. ..
  48. Weisman J, Woldemeskel M, Smith K, Merrill A, Miller D. Blood smear from a pregnant cat that died shortly after partial abortion. Vet Clin Pathol. 2007;36:209-11 pubmed
    ..Although the cat was presented for complications of abortion, it remains uncertain whether C felis organisms crossed the placenta and infected the fetuses or lead to the abortions...
  49. Chen C, King D, Blanchard M, Hall M, Aldridge B, Bowen L, et al. Identification of the etiologic agent of epizootic bovine abortion in field-collected Ornithodoros coriaceus Koch ticks. Vet Microbiol. 2007;120:320-7 pubmed
    ..No significant correlations were identified between the frequency of infection and tick weight, suggesting that increasing tick age and increased number of blood meals did not increase infectivity. ..
  50. Meenakshi -, Sandhu K, Ball M, Kumar H, Sharma S, Sidhu P, et al. Seroprevalence of Neospora caninum antibodies in cattle and water buffaloes in India. J Parasitol. 2007;93:1374-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, antibodies to N. caninum were demonstrated in cattle sera by 2 serologic methods. To our knowledge this is the first report of N. caninum infection in cattle and buffaloes in India. ..
  51. Li H, McFarlane R, Wagner J. Vaccination of pregnant ewes against infection with Salmonella Brandenburg. N Z Vet J. 2005;53:416-22 pubmed
    ..Brandenburg. The use of live attenuated, subunit and inactivated vaccines did not significantly protect sheep against lethal experimental challenge with S. Brandenburg. ..
  52. Thompson J, Brown S, Riddle W, Seahorn J, Cohen N. Use of a Bayesian risk-mapping technique to estimate spatial risks for mare reproductive loss syndrome in Kentucky. Am J Vet Res. 2005;66:17-20 pubmed
  53. Pabon M, Lopez Gatius F, Garcia Ispierto I, Bech Sabat G, Nogareda C, Almeria S. Chronic Neospora caninum infection and repeat abortion in dairy cows: a 3-year study. Vet Parasitol. 2007;147:40-6 pubmed
    ..The present data reinforce the idea that annual serological screening for Neospora can be an effective and rapid method of detecting N. caninum infection, such that control measures can be established at the farm level...
  54. Campero C, Anderson M, Walker R, Blanchard P, Barbano L, Chiu P, et al. Immunohistochemical identification of Campylobacter fetus in natural cases of bovine and ovine abortions. J Vet Med B Infect Dis Vet Public Health. 2005;52:138-41 pubmed
    ..The C. fetus IHC procedure performed on formalin fixed tissues is a practical tool for the diagnosis of natural cases of ovine and bovine abortion caused by C. fetus...
  55. Lopez Gatius F, Hunter R, Garbayo J, Santolaria P, Yaniz J, Serrano B, et al. Plasma concentrations of pregnancy-associated glycoprotein-1 (PAG-1) in high producing dairy cows suffering early fetal loss during the warm season. Theriogenology. 2007;67:1324-30 pubmed
  56. Wirz Dittus S, Belloy L, Hüssy D, Waldvogel A, Doherr M. Seroprevalence survey for Salmonella Abortusovis infection in Swiss sheep flocks. Prev Vet Med. 2010;97:126-30 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results indicate that exposure of Swiss sheep flocks to S. Abortusovis is wide-spread...
  57. Villalobos E, Ueno T, de Souza S, Cunha E, do Carmo Custódio de Souza Hunold Lara M, Gennari S, et al. Association between the presence of serum antibodies against Neospora spp. and fetal loss in equines. Vet Parasitol. 2006;142:372-5 pubmed
    ..001) to infection with protozoa belonging to the genus Neospora and point to the fact that the participation of this group of coccidia in the genesis of reproductive disorders in equine must be investigated...
  58. Fairbanks K, Rinehart C, Ohnesorge W, Loughin M, Chase C. Evaluation of fetal protection against experimental infection with type 1 and type 2 bovine viral diarrhea virus after vaccination of the dam with a bivalent modified-live virus vaccine. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2004;225:1898-904 pubmed
    ..To evaluate the efficacy of a modified-live virus (MLV) combination vaccine containing type 1 and type 2 bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) in providing fetal protection against challenge with heterologous type 1 and type 2 BVDV...
  59. Garwe E, Ball P, Hamudikuwanda H, Mutisi C. Effects of breed and feed supplementation on the fertility of cows developed for milk production in Zimbabwe. Vet Rec. 2005;156:18-20 pubmed
    ..05) body condition scores than the control cows. The mean dairy milk yield of all the breeds was generally low but significantly higher (P<0.05) in the crossbred than in the indigenous cows...
  60. Parisi A, Fraccalvieri R, Cafiero M, Miccolupo A, Padalino I, Montagna C, et al. Diagnosis of Coxiella burnetii-related abortion in Italian domestic ruminants using single-tube nested PCR. Vet Microbiol. 2006;118:101-6 pubmed
    ..01). These findings suggest that Q fever in humans is largely underestimated in Italy, probably because its occurrence is obscured by flu-like symptoms in acute forms...
  61. Cvetnic Z, Spicic S, Toncic J, Majnaric D, Benic M, Albert D, et al. Brucella suis infection in domestic pigs and wild boar in Croatia. Rev Sci Tech. 2009;28:1057-67 pubmed
    ..This is the first report of B. suis biovar 3 in swine and wild boar in Europe, which is an issue of serious concern for public health...
  62. Williams R, Morley E, Hughes J, Duncanson P, Terry R, Smith J, et al. High levels of congenital transmission of Toxoplasma gondii in longitudinal and cross-sectional studies on sheep farms provides evidence of vertical transmission in ovine hosts. Parasitology. 2005;130:301-7 pubmed
  63. Khodakaram Tafti A, Ikede B. A retrospective study of sporadic bovine abortions, stillbirths, and neonatal abnormalities in Atlantic Canada, from 1990 to 2001. Can Vet J. 2005;46:635-7 pubmed
    ..5%). No etiological diagnosis was made in 59% of abortions and 32.4% of stillbirths and neonatal deaths. The 3 most common identifiable causes of abortion in this study were bacterial, fungal, and viral infections...
  64. Himsworth C, Hill J, Huang Y, Waters E, Wobeser G. Destructive polyarthropathy in aborted bovine fetuses: a possible association with Ureaplasma diversum infection?. Vet Pathol. 2009;46:269-72 pubmed publisher
    ..Fetal arthropathy and Ureaplasma diversum-associated joint pathology have not been previously reported in the veterinary literature; however, other Ureaplasma spp. are known to cause reproductive disease and arthritis in humans...
  65. Tsutsui T, Suzuki Y, Toyonaga M, Oba H, Mizutani T, Hori T. The role of the ovary for the maintenance of pregnancy in cats. Reprod Domest Anim. 2009;44 Suppl 2:120-4 pubmed publisher
  66. Rousset E, Durand B, Berri M, Dufour P, Prigent M, Russo P, et al. Comparative diagnostic potential of three serological tests for abortive Q fever in goat herds. Vet Microbiol. 2007;124:286-97 pubmed
    ..9) were significantly associated with abortion. Sampling on D15 gave the best association with ORs of 10 for ELISA and 6 for IFA. The practical interest of these results is discussed...
  67. Berri M, Rekiki A, Boumedine K, Rodolakis A. Simultaneous differential detection of Chlamydophila abortus, Chlamydophila pecorum and Coxiella burnetii from aborted ruminant's clinical samples using multiplex PCR. BMC Microbiol. 2009;9:130 pubmed publisher
    ..We have developed a multiplex PCR (m-PCR) for rapid simultaneous differential detection of Cp. abortus, Cp. pecorum and C. burnetii in clinical samples taken from infected animals...
  68. Reiterová K, Spilovská S, Antolová D, Dubinsky P. Neospora caninum, potential cause of abortions in dairy cows: the current serological follow-up in Slovakia. Vet Parasitol. 2009;159:1-6 pubmed publisher
    ..A better knowledge of epidemiology of this etiological agent and the mechanisms of its transmission may help in the introduction of more effective preventive and control measures...
  69. Fieni F, Martal J, Marnet P, Siliart B, Guittot F. Clinical, biological and hormonal study of mid-pregnancy termination in cats with aglepristone. Theriogenology. 2006;66:1721-8 pubmed
    ..Fetal expulsion was characterised by an increase in estrogen, PGFM and oxytocin concentrations, whereas prolactin and cortisol levels remained at a basal level...
  70. Thuere C, Zenclussen M, Schumacher A, Langwisch S, Schulte Wrede U, Teles A, et al. Kinetics of regulatory T cells during murine pregnancy. Am J Reprod Immunol. 2007;58:514-23 pubmed
    ..We aimed to determine the kinetics of Treg during murine gestation and investigate whether changes in Treg levels respond to hormonal variations during pregnancy or generated changes in the local indolamine dioxygenase (IDO) expression...
  71. van Steenbergen J, Morroy G, Groot C, Ruikes F, Marcelis J, Speelman P. [An outbreak of Q fever in The Netherlands--possible link to goats]. Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd. 2007;151:1998-2003 pubmed
    ..Targeted investigation can identify the source of infection and eliminate it. Greater awareness can prevent delays in diagnosis and treatment and help identify chronic forms at an early stage or prevent them...
  72. Berri M, Rousset E, Champion J, Russo P, Rodolakis A. Goats may experience reproductive failures and shed Coxiella burnetii at two successive parturitions after a Q fever infection. Res Vet Sci. 2007;83:47-52 pubmed
    ..Furthermore, the bacteria were found into 14 vaginal swabs and 12 milk samples taken from infected females at both kidding seasons...
  73. von Tavel L, Fivian R, Kirchhofer M, Boujon P, Hirsbrunner G. [Abortion in sheep: epidemic Salmonella abortusovis outbreak 2005 in Switzerland]. Schweiz Arch Tierheilkd. 2005;147:445-52 pubmed
    ..Moreover, a strategy for prevention of future outbreaks was developed. This article aims to increase disease awareness of food animal practitioners for Salmonella Abortusovis abortion in sheep...