stillbirth

Summary

Summary: The event that a FETUS is born dead or stillborn.

Top Publications

  1. Pérez Molina J, Quezada López C, Panduro Barón G, Castro Hernández J. [Maternal risk factors associated to stillbirth in a public hospital at West of Mexico]. Rev Invest Clin. 2012;64:330-5 pubmed
    Mortality rates in preterm births and stillbirth are high. To identify maternal risk factors relating to stillbirth in preterm infants...
  2. Msemo G, Massawe A, Mmbando D, Rusibamayila N, Manji K, Kidanto H, et al. Newborn mortality and fresh stillbirth rates in Tanzania after helping babies breathe training. Pediatrics. 2013;131:e353-60 pubmed publisher
    ..HBB uses a basic intervention approach readily applicable at all deliveries. These findings should serve as a call to action for other resource-limited countries striving to meet Millennium Development Goal 4. ..
  3. Gardosi J, Madurasinghe V, Williams M, Malik A, Francis A. Maternal and fetal risk factors for stillbirth: population based study. BMJ. 2013;346:f108 pubmed publisher
    To assess the main risk factors associated with stillbirth in a multiethnic English maternity population.
  4. Jimenez Solem E, Andersen J, Petersen M, Broedbaek K, Lander A, Afzal S, et al. SSRI use during pregnancy and risk of stillbirth and neonatal mortality. Am J Psychiatry. 2013;170:299-304 pubmed publisher
    ..investigated whether in utero exposure to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) increases the risk of stillbirth or neonatal mortality...
  5. Stephansson O, Kieler H, Haglund B, Artama M, Engeland A, Furu K, et al. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors during pregnancy and risk of stillbirth and infant mortality. JAMA. 2013;309:48-54 pubmed publisher
    ..However, the risk of stillbirth and infant mortality when accounting for previous maternal psychiatric disease remains unknown...
  6. Cacciatore J. Psychological effects of stillbirth. Semin Fetal Neonatal Med. 2013;18:76-82 pubmed publisher
    Despite the high prevalence globally, the death of a baby to stillbirth is an often misunderstood and disenfranchised loss...
  7. Hogue C, Parker C, Willinger M, Temple J, Bann C, Silver R, et al. A population-based case-control study of stillbirth: the relationship of significant life events to the racial disparity for African Americans. Am J Epidemiol. 2013;177:755-67 pubmed publisher
    ..The causes of racial disparity in stillbirth remain poorly understood...
  8. Page J, Snowden J, Cheng Y, Doss A, Rosenstein M, Caughey A. The risk of stillbirth and infant death by each additional week of expectant management stratified by maternal age. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2013;209:375.e1-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The expectant management measure included stillbirth and infant death...
  9. Kodama Y, Sameshima H, Ohashi M, Ikenoue T. Impact of new gestational diabetes mellitus criteria on stillbirth: a regional population-based study in Japan. J Obstet Gynaecol Res. 2013;39:1242-5 pubmed publisher
    ..We also applied new GDM criteria to evaluate the impact of these factors on stillbirth. Of the 236 stillbirths, 47% were due to an explainable cause...

More Information

Publications62

  1. Ouyang F, Zhang J, Betran A, Yang Z, Souza J, Merialdi M. Recurrence of adverse perinatal outcomes in developing countries. Bull World Health Organ. 2013;91:357-67 pubmed publisher
    ..At the end of their second pregnancies, women whose first pregnancy had ended in stillbirth (n?=?1261) or been followed by neonatal death (n?=?1052) were more likely than women who had not experienced ..
  2. Stormdal Bring H, Hulthén Varli I, Kublickas M, Papadogiannakis N, Pettersson K. Causes of stillbirth at different gestational ages in singleton pregnancies. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2014;93:86-92 pubmed publisher
    To compare causes of stillbirth in preterm and term pregnancies. Cohort study. All delivery wards in Stockholm, 1998-2009...
  3. Reddy U, Page G, Saade G, Silver R, Thorsten V, Parker C, et al. Karyotype versus microarray testing for genetic abnormalities after stillbirth. N Engl J Med. 2012;367:2185-93 pubmed publisher
    ..Unlike karyotype analysis, microarray analysis does not require live cells, and it detects small deletions and duplications called copy-number variants...
  4. O Neill S, Kearney P, Kenny L, Khashan A, Henriksen T, Lutomski J, et al. Caesarean delivery and subsequent stillbirth or miscarriage: systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e54588 pubmed publisher
    To compare the risk of stillbirth and miscarriage in a subsequent pregnancy in women with a previous caesarean or vaginal delivery...
  5. Derricott H, Jones R, Heazell A. Investigating the association of villitis of unknown etiology with stillbirth and fetal growth restriction - a systematic review. Placenta. 2013;34:856-62 pubmed publisher
    ..It has been reported in association with fetal growth restriction and antepartum stillbirth. This study aimed to investigate the strength of these associations by completing a systematic review using ..
  6. Chambers A, Griffin C, Naif S, Mills I, Mills W, Syngelaki A, et al. Quantitative ELISAs for serum soluble LHCGR and hCG-LHCGR complex: potential diagnostics in first trimester pregnancy screening for stillbirth, Down's syndrome, preterm delivery and preeclampsia. Reprod Biol Endocrinol. 2012;10:113 pubmed publisher
    ..More than 88% of pregnancies destined to end in fetal demise (stillbirth) exhibited very low serum hCG-sLHCGR(less than or equal to 5 pmol/mL) compared to controls (median 16...
  7. Rosenstein M, Cheng Y, Snowden J, Nicholson J, Caughey A. Risk of stillbirth and infant death stratified by gestational age. Obstet Gynecol. 2012;120:76-82 pubmed publisher
    ..multiple dimensions of risk faced by pregnant women and their health care providers when comparing the risks of stillbirth at term with the risk of infant death after birth...
  8. Burmeister B, Zaleski C, Cold C, McPherson E. Wisconsin Stillbirth Service Program: analysis of large for gestational age cases. Am J Med Genet A. 2012;158A:2493-8 pubmed publisher
    Since its inception in 1983, the Wisconsin Stillbirth Service Program (WiSSP) has reviewed over 2,600 referrals. Among 2,451 with fetal weight and gestational age recorded, 186 (7...
  9. Gomez G, Kamb M, Newman L, Mark J, Broutet N, Hawkes S. Untreated maternal syphilis and adverse outcomes of pregnancy: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Bull World Health Organ. 2013;91:217-26 pubmed publisher
    ..To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of reported estimates of adverse pregnancy outcomes among untreated women with syphilis and women without syphilis...
  10. Owusu J, Anderson F, Coleman J, Oppong S, Seffah J, Aikins A, et al. Association of maternal sleep practices with pre-eclampsia, low birth weight, and stillbirth among Ghanaian women. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2013;121:261-5 pubmed publisher
    ..for key outcomes including maternal hypertension, pre-eclampsia, premature delivery, low birth weight, and stillbirth. Most women reported poor sleep quality during pregnancy...
  11. Mmbaga B, Lie R, Olomi R, Mahande M, Olola O, Daltveit A. Causes of perinatal death at a tertiary care hospital in Northern Tanzania 2000-2010: a registry based study. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2012;12:139 pubmed publisher
  12. Assefa N, Berhane Y, Worku A, Tsui A. The hazard of pregnancy loss and stillbirth among women in Kersa, East Ethiopia: a follow up study. Sex Reprod Healthc. 2012;3:107-12 pubmed publisher
    ..To reduce pregnancy loss in rural Ethiopia expanding and promoting the use of family planning, antenatal services and other reproductive health care is necessary. ..
  13. Madanat Harjuoja L, Lähteenmäki P, Dyba T, Gissler M, Boice J, Malila N. Stillbirth, early death and neonatal morbidity among offspring of female cancer survivors. Acta Oncol. 2013;52:1152-9 pubmed publisher
    ..We conducted a registry-based study to evaluate the risk of stillbirth, early death and neonatal morbidity among children of female cancer survivors (0-34 years at diagnosis) compared ..
  14. Goudar S, Somannavar M, Clark R, Lockyer J, Revankar A, Fidler H, et al. Stillbirth and newborn mortality in India after helping babies breathe training. Pediatrics. 2013;131:e344-52 pubmed publisher
    ..of Helping Babies Breathe (HBB) newborn care and resuscitation training for birth attendants in reducing stillbirth (SB), and predischarge and neonatal mortality (NMR)...
  15. Lisonkova S, Sabr Y, Butler B, Joseph K. International comparisons of preterm birth: higher rates of late preterm birth are associated with lower rates of stillbirth and neonatal death. BJOG. 2012;119:1630-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Poisson regression were used to examine the association between preterm birth rates and gestational age-specific stillbirth and neonatal death rates...
  16. Aune D, Saugstad O, Henriksen T, Tonstad S. Maternal body mass index and the risk of fetal death, stillbirth, and infant death: a systematic review and meta-analysis. JAMA. 2014;311:1536-46 pubmed publisher
    Evidence suggests that maternal obesity increases the risk of fetal death, stillbirth, and infant death; however, the optimal body mass index (BMI) for prevention is not known.
  17. Wikström Shemer E, Marschall H, Ludvigsson J, Stephansson O. Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy and associated adverse pregnancy and fetal outcomes: a 12-year population-based cohort study. BJOG. 2013;120:717-23 pubmed publisher
    ..To determine the risk for adverse pregnancy and fetal outcomes in intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP)...
  18. Smith R, Maiti K, Aitken R. Unexplained antepartum stillbirth: a consequence of placental aging?. Placenta. 2013;34:310-3 pubmed publisher
    Unexplained antepartum stillbirth is a major obstetric health problem. Data demonstrate a rapid rise in risk per 1000 continuing pregnancies as gestation advances beyond 40 weeks...
  19. Newman L, Kamb M, Hawkes S, Gomez G, Say L, Séuc A, et al. Global estimates of syphilis in pregnancy and associated adverse outcomes: analysis of multinational antenatal surveillance data. PLoS Med. 2013;10:e1001396 pubmed publisher
    ..We calculated global and regional estimates of syphilis in pregnancy and associated adverse outcomes for 2008, as well as antenatal care (ANC) coverage for women with syphilis...
  20. Faiz A, Rhoads G, Demissie K, Lin Y, Kruse L, Rich D. Does ambient air pollution trigger stillbirth?. Epidemiology. 2013;24:538-44 pubmed publisher
    We previously reported an increased risk of stillbirth associated with increases in trimester-specific ambient air pollutant concentrations...
  21. Yorifuji T, Kashima S, Tokinobu A, Kato T, Tsuda T. Regional impact of exposure to a polychlorinated biphenyl and polychlorinated dibenzofuran mixture from contaminated rice oil on stillbirth rate and secondary sex ratio. Environ Int. 2013;59:12-5 pubmed publisher
    ..We therefore evaluated the regional impact of the exposure to the PCB and PCDF mixture on stillbirth rate and secondary sex ratio among the residents in two severely affected areas...
  22. Owusu Edusei K, Gift T, Ballard R. Cost-effectiveness of a dual non-treponemal/treponemal syphilis point-of-care test to prevent adverse pregnancy outcomes in sub-Saharan Africa. Sex Transm Dis. 2011;38:997-1003 pubmed publisher
    ..Outcomes included miscarriage, stillbirth, congenital syphilis, low birth weight, and neonatal death...
  23. Breeze A, Statham H, Hackett G, Jessop F, Lees C. Perinatal postmortems: what is important to parents and how do they decide?. Birth. 2012;39:57-64 pubmed publisher
    ..and decision-making about, a perinatal postmortem after termination for fetal abnormality, late miscarriage, or stillbirth. A prospective self-completion questionnaire was given to 35 women and their partners...
  24. Tachiweyika E, Gombe N, SHAMBIRA G, Chadambuka A, Mufuta T, Zizhou S. Determinants of perinatal mortality in Marondera district, Mashonaland East Province of Zimbabwe, 2009: a case control study. Pan Afr Med J. 2011;8:7 pubmed
    ..A case was any mother in Marondera District who had a stillbirth or early neonatal death from 01/08/2008 to 31/07/2009...
  25. Hwang B, Lee Y, Jaakkola J. Air pollution and stillbirth: a population-based case-control study in Taiwan. Environ Health Perspect. 2011;119:1345-9 pubmed publisher
    There is limited evidence suggesting that prenatal exposure to ambient air pollutants may increase the risk of stillbirth, but previous epidemiological studies have not elaborated the most susceptible gestational period for the effects of ..
  26. Mathiesen E, Ringholm L, Damm P. Stillbirth in diabetic pregnancies. Best Pract Res Clin Obstet Gynaecol. 2011;25:105-11 pubmed publisher
    Pregnancy in women with pregestational diabetes is associated with high perinatal morbidity and mortality. Stillbirth accounts for the majority of cases with perinatal death...
  27. Rom A, Mortensen L, Cnattingius S, Arntzen A, Gissler M, Andersen A. A comparative study of educational inequality in the risk of stillbirth in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden 1981-2000. J Epidemiol Community Health. 2012;66:240-6 pubmed publisher
    The stillbirth rates in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden are among the lowest in the world, but socioeconomic disparities in stillbirth still exist...
  28. Gold K, Sen A, Hayward R. Marriage and cohabitation outcomes after pregnancy loss. Pediatrics. 2010;125:e1202-7 pubmed publisher
    ..national study to establish that parental relationships have a higher risk of dissolving after miscarriage or stillbirth, compared with live birth...
  29. Greenwood D, Alwan N, Boylan S, Cade J, Charvill J, Chipps K, et al. Caffeine intake during pregnancy, late miscarriage and stillbirth. Eur J Epidemiol. 2010;25:275-80 pubmed publisher
    ..tool to assess caffeine intake at different stages of pregnancy and related this to late miscarriage and stillbirth, adjusting for confounders, including salivary cotinine as a biomarker of smoking status...
  30. Darmstadt G, Yakoob M, Haws R, Menezes E, Soomro T, Bhutta Z. Reducing stillbirths: interventions during labour. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2009;9 Suppl 1:S6 pubmed publisher
    ..The evidence for impact of intrapartum interventions on stillbirth and perinatal mortality outcomes has not yet been systematically examined...
  31. Faiz A, Rhoads G, Demissie K, Kruse L, Lin Y, Rich D. Ambient air pollution and the risk of stillbirth. Am J Epidemiol. 2012;176:308-16 pubmed publisher
    The purpose of the present study was to examine the risk of stillbirth associated with ambient air pollution during pregnancy...
  32. Kelley M, Rubens C. Global report on preterm birth and stillbirth (6 of 7): ethical considerations. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2010;10 Suppl 1:S6 pubmed publisher
    Despite the substantial global burden of preterm and stillbirth, little attention has been given to the ethical considerations related to research and interventions in the global context...
  33. Turton P, Evans C, Hughes P. Long-term psychosocial sequelae of stillbirth: phase II of a nested case-control cohort study. Arch Womens Ment Health. 2009;12:35-41 pubmed publisher
    b>Stillbirth is associated with increased psychological morbidity in the subsequent pregnancy and puerperium...
  34. Tveit J, Saastad E, Stray Pedersen B, Børdahl P, Flenady V, Fretts R, et al. Reduction of late stillbirth with the introduction of fetal movement information and guidelines - a clinical quality improvement. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2009;9:32 pubmed publisher
    Women experiencing decreased fetal movements (DFM) are at increased risk of adverse outcomes, including stillbirth. Fourteen delivery units in Norway registered all cases of DFM in a population-based quality assessment...
  35. Watanabe S, Nagai T. Death losses due to stillbirth, neonatal death and diseases in cloned cattle derived from somatic cell nuclear transfer and their progeny: a result of nationwide survey in Japan. Anim Sci J. 2009;80:233-8 pubmed publisher
    To obtain the data concerning death losses due to stillbirth, neonatal death and diseases in cloned cattle derived from somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) and their progeny produced by Japanese institutions, a nationwide survey was ..
  36. Robinson G. Dilemmas related to pregnancy loss. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2011;199:571-4 pubmed publisher
    Women who lose desired pregnancies by miscarriage, stillbirth, genetic termination, or unsuccessful in vitro fertilization are at risk of suffering from grief, anxiety, guilt, and self-blame that may even present in subsequent pregnancies...
  37. Martínez Guinó L, Kekarainen T, Segales J. Evidence of Torque teno virus (TTV) vertical transmission in swine. Theriogenology. 2009;71:1390-5 pubmed publisher
    ..This study represents the first description of swine TTV presence in colostrum and stillborn piglets...
  38. Aggarwal A, Jain V, Kumar R. Validity of verbal autopsy for ascertaining the causes of stillbirth. Bull World Health Organ. 2011;89:31-40 pubmed publisher
    ..for stillbirths of the World Health Organization (WHO) by using hospital diagnosis of the underlying cause of stillbirth (the gold standard) and to compare the fraction of stillbirths attributed to various specific causes through ..
  39. Matturri L, Lavezzi A. Unexplained stillbirth versus SIDS: common congenital diseases of the autonomic nervous system--pathology and nosology. Early Hum Dev. 2011;87:209-15 pubmed publisher
    ..Therefore, the definitions of these deaths, currently nosographically distinct, should be unified. ..
  40. Bhattacharya S, Prescott G, Black M, Shetty A. Recurrence risk of stillbirth in a second pregnancy. BJOG. 2010;117:1243-7 pubmed publisher
    To examine the risk of recurrence of stillbirth in a second pregnancy. Retrospective cohort study. Scotland, UK. All women who delivered their first and second pregnancies in Scotland between 1981 and 2005...
  41. Chigbu C, Okezie O, Odugu B. Intrapartum stillbirth in a Nigerian tertiary hospital setting. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2009;104:18-21 pubmed publisher
    ..The overall stillbirth rate was 89 per 1000 births. The intrapartum stillbirth rate was 52.1 per 1000 births...
  42. Barros F, Bhutta Z, Batra M, Hansen T, Victora C, Rubens C. Global report on preterm birth and stillbirth (3 of 7): evidence for effectiveness of interventions. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. 2010;10 Suppl 1:S3 pubmed publisher
    ..They addressed preterm birth or low birth weight; stillbirth or perinatal mortality; and management of preterm newborns...
  43. Ronsmans C, Fisher D, Osmond C, Margetts B, Fall C. Multiple micronutrient supplementation during pregnancy in low-income countries: a meta-analysis of effects on stillbirths and on early and late neonatal mortality. Food Nutr Bull. 2009;30:S547-55 pubmed
    ..Supplementation providing approximately I RDA of multiple micronutrients did not decrease the risk of stillbirth (OR = 1.01; 95% CI, 0.88 to 1.16), early neonatal mortality (OR = 1.23; 95% CI, 0.95 to 1...
  44. Willinger M, Ko C, Reddy U. Racial disparities in stillbirth risk across gestation in the United States. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2009;201:469.e1-8 pubmed publisher
    We sought to determine factors associated with racial disparities in stillbirth risk...
  45. Strand L, Barnett A, Tong S. Maternal exposure to ambient temperature and the risks of preterm birth and stillbirth in Brisbane, Australia. Am J Epidemiol. 2012;175:99-107 pubmed publisher
    ..The authors examined the relation between ambient temperature and preterm birth and stillbirth in Brisbane, Australia, between 2005 and 2009 (n = 101,870)...
  46. Dutton P, Warrander L, Roberts S, Bernatavicius G, Byrd L, Gaze D, et al. Predictors of poor perinatal outcome following maternal perception of reduced fetal movements--a prospective cohort study. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e39784 pubmed publisher
    Maternal perception of reduced fetal movement (RFM) is associated with increased risk of stillbirth and fetal growth restriction (FGR)...
  47. O Leary C, Jacoby P, D Antoine H, Bartu A, Bower C. Heavy prenatal alcohol exposure and increased risk of stillbirth. BJOG. 2012;119:945-52 pubmed publisher
    To investigate the association between heavy prenatal alcohol exposure and stillbirth. Data linkage cohort study. Western Australia (WA)...
  48. Elhassan E, Mirghani O, Adam I. High maternal mortality and stillbirth in the Wad Medani Hospital, Central Sudan, 2003-2007. Trop Doct. 2009;39:238-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The stillbirth rate was 29/1000 births; the majority of which (8/1000) were macerated stillbirths.
  49. Lawn J, Lee A, Kinney M, Sibley L, Carlo W, Paul V, et al. Two million intrapartum-related stillbirths and neonatal deaths: where, why, and what can be done?. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2009;107 Suppl 1:S5-18, S19 pubmed publisher
    ..Intrapartum-related neonatal mortality rates are 25-fold higher in the lowest income countries and intrapartum stillbirth rates are up to 50-fold higher. Maternal risk factors and delays in accessing care are critical contributors...
  50. Mbah A, Alio A, Marty P, Bruder K, Whiteman V, Salihu H. Pre-eclampsia in the first pregnancy and subsequent risk of stillbirth in black and white gravidas. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2010;149:165-9 pubmed publisher
    To examine the association between prior pre-eclampsia and subsequent stillbirth in black women and white women. This is a population-based retrospective study of Missouri maternally linked birth cohort files from 1989 to 2005...
  51. Hadar E, Melamed N, Sharon Weiner M, Hazan S, Rabinerson D, Glezerman M, et al. The association between stillbirth and fetal gender. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2012;25:158-61 pubmed publisher
    b>Stillbirth accounts for approximately 50% of all perinatal deaths. We aimed to characterize the relationship between fetal gender and stillbirths...
  52. Flenady V, Middleton P, Smith G, Duke W, Erwich J, Khong T, et al. Stillbirths: the way forward in high-income countries. Lancet. 2011;377:1703-17 pubmed publisher
    b>Stillbirth rates in high-income countries declined dramatically from about 1940, but this decline has slowed or stalled over recent times...
  53. Cousens S, Blencowe H, Stanton C, Chou D, Ahmed S, Steinhardt L, et al. National, regional, and worldwide estimates of stillbirth rates in 2009 with trends since 1995: a systematic analysis. Lancet. 2011;377:1319-30 pubmed publisher
    ..Two sets of national stillbirth estimates for 2000 produced similar worldwide totals of 3·2 million and 3·3 million, but rates differed ..