urethral obstruction


Summary: Partial or complete blockage in any part of the URETHRA that can lead to difficulty or inability to empty the URINARY BLADDER. It is characterized by an enlarged, often damaged, bladder with frequent urges to void.

Top Publications

  1. Imaji R, Dewan P. Congenital posterior urethral obstruction: re-do fulguration. Pediatr Surg Int. 2002;18:444-6 pubmed
    In patients with congenital posterior urethral obstruction, transurethral fulguration (TUF) is usually the treatment of choice if the patient is in a stable condition...
  2. Wang A, Chen M. Comparison of tension-free vaginal taping versus modified Burch colposuspension on urethral obstruction: a randomized controlled trial. Neurourol Urodyn. 2003;22:185-90 pubmed
    ..To determine whether the tension-free vaginal tape (TVT) procedure affects the mechanics of voiding in women with genuine stress incontinence (GSI)...
  3. de Kort L, Uiterwaal C, Beek E, Jan Nievelstein R, Klijn A, de Jong T. Reliability of voiding cystourethrography to detect urethral obstruction in boys. Urology. 2004;63:967-71; discussion 971-2 pubmed
    ..To evaluate the reliability of voiding cystourethrography (VCUG) to diagnose infravesical obstruction in boys...
  4. Fullhase C, Soler R, Gratzke C, Brodsky M, Christ G, Andersson K. Urodynamic evaluation of fesoterodine metabolite, doxazosin and their combination in a rat model of partial urethral obstruction. BJU Int. 2010;106:287-93 pubmed publisher
    ..of fesoterodine, a new antimuscarinic agent, alone and combined with doxazosin, in a rat model of partial urethral obstruction (PUO), as 35-83% of men with bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia (..
  5. Tanaka H, Kakizaki H, Shibata T, Mitsui T, Koyanagi T. Effect of preemptive treatment of capsaicin or resiniferatoxin on the development of pre-micturition contractions after partial urethral obstruction in the rat. J Urol. 2003;170:1022-6 pubmed
    ..bladder afferents, is believed to be one of the major causes of changes in bladder function after partial urethral obstruction. We determined if capsaicin sensitive C-fiber bladder afferents are involved in the development of pre-..
  6. Goldman H. Simple sling incision for the treatment of iatrogenic urethral obstruction. Urology. 2003;62:714-8 pubmed
    To review a single-institution experience with sling incision to treat urethral obstruction resulting from pubovaginal sling placement...
  7. Melman A, Tar M, Boczko J, Christ G, Leung A, Zhao W, et al. Evaluation of two techniques of partial urethral obstruction in the male rat model of bladder outlet obstruction. Urology. 2005;66:1127-33 pubmed
    ..In the male rat model, partial urethral obstruction can be performed either by perineal incision and bulbous urethral ligation or retropubic incision and ..
  8. Kumar A, Bajpai M, Gupta A. Double urethral obstruction in a neonate - a case report. Eur J Pediatr Surg. 2005;15:449-51 pubmed
    ..Congenital anterior urethral diverticulum, although less common, can also cause urethral obstruction. We report a rare combination of the two anomalies in which the proximal, more severe anomaly prevented the ..
  9. Newman R, Mehler S, Kitchell B, Beal M. Use of a balloon-expandable metallic stent to relieve malignant urethral obstruction in a cat. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2009;234:236-9 pubmed publisher
    ..A 19-year-old neutered male domestic shorthair cat was evaluated because of signs of urinary tract obstruction...

More Information

Publications101 found, 100 shown here

  1. Shirazi M, Noorafshan A, Bahri M, Hassanpoor A. Captopril reduces deposition of collagen in lamina propria and muscular layers of the bladder and ureter in neonatal dogs with partial urethral obstruction. Scand J Urol Nephrol. 2008;42:324-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The purpose of this study was to evaluate, using stereological methods, the effect of captopril on prevention of collagen formation in different layers of the ureter and bladder under conditions of partial urethral obstruction (PUO).
  2. Xu A, Frederiksen H, Kanje M, Uvelius B. Partial urethral obstruction: ATF3 and p-c-Jun are involved in the growth of the detrusor muscle and its motor innervation. Scand J Urol Nephrol. 2011;45:30-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of the study was to determine whether ATF3 and p-c-Jun were involved in growth of bladder smooth-muscle and ganglion cells...
  3. Tucci S, Molina C, Cassini M, Andrade M, Lima G, Martins A. Chronic partial urethral obstruction in female rats: description of an experimental model and initial results. Acta Cir Bras. 2011;26 Suppl 2:111-4 pubmed
    ..To develop an experimental model of infravesical urinary obstruction in female rats...
  4. Nguyen J. Diagnosis and treatment of voiding dysfunction caused by urethral obstruction after anti-incontinence surgery. Obstet Gynecol Surv. 2002;57:468-75 pubmed
    Voiding dysfunction after surgical treatment of stress incontinence may occur as a result of urethral obstruction secondary to hyperelevation of the bladder neck...
  5. Miller O, Lashley D, McAleer I, Kaplan G. Diagnosis of urethral obstruction with prenatal magnetic resonance imaging. J Urol. 2002;168:1158-9 pubmed
  6. Corica A, Larson B, Sagaz A, Corica A, Larson T. A novel temporary prostatic stent for the relief of prostatic urethral obstruction. BJU Int. 2004;93:346-8 pubmed
    To determine the effect of a novel temporary prostatic stent (The Spanner, AbbeyMoor Medical, Inc., Minnesota, USA) on variables of voiding function and quality of life among patients with prostatic urethral obstruction.
  7. Shirazi M, Noorafshan A, Bahri M, Tanideh N. Captopril reduces interstitial renal fibrosis and preserves more normal renal tubules in neonatal dogs with partial urethral obstruction: a preliminary study. Urol Int. 2007;78:173-7 pubmed
    ..system plays an important role in this injury, we conducted this study to investigate whether administration of captopril reduced renal fibrosis in an experimental model using partial urethral obstruction (PUO) in neonatal dogs.
  8. Wells S, Trower C, Hough T, Stewart M, Cheeseman M. Urethral obstruction by seminal coagulum is associated with medetomidine-ketamine anesthesia in male mice on C57BL/6J and mixed genetic backgrounds. J Am Assoc Lab Anim Sci. 2009;48:296-9 pubmed
    ..This adverse effect did not recur when we altered our anesthesia protocol to 10 mg/kg xylazine and 100 mg/kg ketamine...
  9. Aydin M, Wang H, Zhang X, Chua R, Downing K, Melman A, et al. Large-conductance calcium-activated potassium channel activity, as determined by whole-cell patch clamp recording, is decreased in urinary bladder smooth muscle cells from male rats with partial urethral obstruction. BJU Int. 2012;110:E402-8 pubmed publisher
    To examine the effect of partial urethral obstruction (PUO) on bladder smooth muscle outward potassium current and the contribution of the large-conductance calcium-activated potassium (Maxi-K, BKCa) channel to this activity in smooth ..
  10. Wolffenbuttel K, Kok D, Minekus J, van Koeveringe G, van Mastrigt R, Nijman J. Urodynamic follow-up of experimental urethral obstruction in individual guinea pigs. Neurourol Urodyn. 2001;20:699-713 pubmed
    It is unknown whether changes in bladder function due to urethral obstruction follow a specific sequence...
  11. Pycha A. [Urethral valve resection with rectal perforation]. Urologe A. 2004;43:466-8 pubmed
  12. Bernoulli J, Yatkin E, Konkol Y, Talvitie E, Santti R, Streng T. Prostatic inflammation and obstructive voiding in the adult Noble rat: impact of the testosterone to estradiol ratio in serum. Prostate. 2008;68:1296-306 pubmed publisher
    ..the aggressiveness of the inflammation and the number of inflamed acini in the prostate and caused urethral obstruction associated with rhabdosphincter dysfunction...
  13. Mann S, Johnson M, Wilson R. Fetal thoracic and bladder shunts. Semin Fetal Neonatal Med. 2010;15:28-33 pubmed publisher
  14. Cunha M, Freitas G, Carregaro A, Gomes K, Cunha J, Beckmann D, et al. Renal and cardiorespiratory effects of treatment with lactated Ringer's solution or physiologic saline (0.9% NaCl) solution in cats with experimentally induced urethral obstruction. Am J Vet Res. 2010;71:840-6 pubmed publisher
    ..9% NaCl) solution (PSS) in severely decompensated cats with urethral obstruction (UO). 14 cats (4 cats were used only to establish infusion rates)...
  15. Segev G, Livne H, Ranen E, Lavy E. Urethral obstruction in cats: predisposing factors, clinical, clinicopathological characteristics and prognosis. J Feline Med Surg. 2011;13:101-8 pubmed publisher
    Feline lower urinary tract diseases in general, and urethral obstruction (UO) in particular, are common clinical conditions in cats...
  16. Davis G, Holt D. Two chondrosarcomas in the urethra of a German shepherd dog. J Small Anim Pract. 2003;44:169-71 pubmed
    ..Histopathology of the masses revealed two low-grade chondrosarcomas. At the time of writing, 18 months after surgery, the dog remained disease free. ..
  17. Syam U, Taly A, Sivaraman Nair K, Sridhara R, Murali T. Penile urethral obstruction in a subject with spinal cord injury. Spinal Cord. 2003;41:367-8 pubmed
    Single case report. To report a case of urethral obstruction because of calculus in a subject with spinal cord injury (SCI). Bangalore, India. A 25-year-old man sustained complete SCI at C(6) level following a road traffic accident...
  18. Bani Hani O, Prelog K, Smith G. A method to assess posterior urethral valve ablation. J Urol. 2006;176:303-5 pubmed
    ..6 in 31 normal males undergoing cystogram for investigation of a urinary tract infection. Calculating urethral ratio in patients with posterior urethral valves allows objective measurement of the technical success of valve ablation. ..
  19. Ruano R, Safdar A, Au J, Koh C, Gargollo P, Shamshirsaz A, et al. Defining and predicting 'intrauterine fetal renal failure' in congenital lower urinary tract obstruction. Pediatr Nephrol. 2016;31:605-12 pubmed publisher
    ..Fetal bladder refilling can be used to reliably predict 'intrauterine fetal renal failure', which is associated with severe pulmonary hypoplasia or the need for dialysis within a few days of life. ..
  20. Al Rifaei M, Zaghloul S, Al Rifaei A. Bulboprostatic anastomotic urethroplasty with preservation of potency: anatomical study, operative approach and clinical results. Scand J Urol Nephrol. 2005;39:163-8 pubmed
    ..Between 1992 and 2003 we managed 22 patients (age range 16-50 years) with posterior urethral obstruction secondary to pelvic fracture by means of bulboprostatic anastomosis...
  21. Sharma D. The management of benign prostatic obstruction: a voice from the Third World. BJU Int. 2006;97:671-2 pubmed
  22. Tatemichi S, Tomiyama Y, Maruyama I, Kobayashi S, Kobayashi K, Maezawa A, et al. Uroselectivity in male dogs of silodosin (KMD-3213), a novel drug for the obstructive component of benign prostatic hyperplasia. Neurourol Urodyn. 2006;25:792-9; discussion 800-1 pubmed
    ..A selective alpha(1A)-AR antagonist such as silodosin may have good potential as a less-hypotensive drug for the treatment of urinary dysfunction in benign prostatic hyperplasia patients. ..
  23. Juma S, Brito C. Transobturator tape (TOT): Two years follow-up. Neurourol Urodyn. 2007;26:37-41 pubmed
    ..15 +/- 0.56, IIQ 1.47 +/- 5.14, UDI 3.28 +/- 3.09, and GSS 8.29 +/- 1.64. Two patients (1.52%) developed urethral obstruction, five (3.84%) had vaginal extrusion of the tape, and two (1.52%) had intra-operative bladder perforation...
  24. de Jong B, Wolffenbuttel K, Arentshorst M, Lodder P, Kok D. Detrusor glycogen reflects the functional history of bladders with partial outlet obstruction. BJU Int. 2007;100:846-52 pubmed
    ..This finding exemplifies the added value of structural analysis to urodynamic studies. Further studies are needed to relate bladder structure to the potential for functional recovery. ..
  25. Jocham D, Doehn C. [Obstruction of the lower urinary tract]. Urologe A. 2002;41:342-5 pubmed
    ..A proper patient selection for therapy and a mobilization of the symptomatic patient will also be important targets in the future. ..
  26. Georgieva M, Thieme M, Pernice W, Tröbs R. [Urinary ascites and perirenal urinoma - a renoprotective "Complication" of posterior urethral valves]. Aktuelle Urol. 2003;34:410-2 pubmed
    ..Impressive normalization of the upper urinary tract anomalies and renal function occurred after surgical treatment of the valves and removal of obstruction. ..
  27. Herneández Alcara D, Gómez Pascual J, Soler Martínez J, Vozmediano Chicharro R, Morales Jiménez P, Vivas Vargas E, et al. [Bilateral obstructive uropathy as clinical presentation of primary bladder lymphoma]. Arch Esp Urol. 2009;62:230-2 pubmed
    ..The pathology turned out to be a primary bladder lymphoma cell B. Primary bladder lymphoma is a rare entity that presents a similar behaviour to other bladder tumors, having a good response to treatment with chemotherapy. ..
  28. Tinklenberg J, Meng H, Yang L, Liu F, Hoffmann R, Dasgupta M, et al. Treatment with ActRIIB-mFc Produces Myofiber Growth and Improves Lifespan in the Acta1 H40Y Murine Model of Nemaline Myopathy. Am J Pathol. 2016;186:1568-81 pubmed publisher
    ..Our studies also identified that the complications of urethral obstruction are associated with mortality in male hemizygote Acta1 H40Y mice...
  29. Griffiths C, Harding C, Blake C, McIntosh S, Drinnan M, Robson W, et al. A nomogram to classify men with lower urinary tract symptoms using urine flow and noninvasive measurement of bladder pressure. J Urol. 2005;174:1323-6; discussion 1326; author reply 1326 pubmed
    ..We must now evaluate the usefulness of this classification for the treatment of men with LUTS. ..
  30. Starkman J, Scarpero H, Dmochowski R. Methods and results of urethrolysis. Curr Urol Rep. 2006;7:384-94 pubmed
    ..The differences among the types of urethrolysis and the results of each type are reviewed in this article in light of evolving definitions of outlet obstruction, diagnosis, and definition in women. ..
  31. Pearce S, Dearo A, Howard B, Brisson B. Management of obstructive urolithiasis and concurrent urethral rupture in a goat. Aust Vet J. 2003;81:268-70 pubmed
    ..Tube cystostomy may be a useful therapeutic option in the management of small ruminants with obstructive urolithiasis with concurrent rupture of the urethra, especially for cases in which treatment cost is a limiting factor. ..
  32. Tenke P, Kovacs B, Benko R, Ashaber D, Nagy E. Continuous versus intermittent levofloxacin treatment in complicated urinary tract infections caused by urinary obstruction temporarily relieved by foreign body insertion. Int J Antimicrob Agents. 2006;28 Suppl 1:S82-5 pubmed
    ..The results did not show any clinical or microbiological advantages of the continuous therapy. ..
  33. Chertin B, Cozzi D, Puri P. Long-term results of primary avulsion of posterior urethral valves using a Fogarty balloon catheter. J Urol. 2002;168:1841-3; discussion 1843 pubmed
    ..Fogarty balloon catheter technique is a simple, safe and effective alternative to primary endoscopic transurethral ablation of posterior urethral valves. ..
  34. Shiver S, Reynolds B. Urethral obstruction due to the passage of a retained projectile into the genitounrinary system. Am J Emerg Med. 2008;26:842.e1-2 pubmed publisher
    ..The vast majority of these were ultimately expelled spontaneously via the urethra. Very few cases of urethral obstruction and accompanying urinary retention due to bullet migration have been described...
  35. Schober J, Dulabon L, Gor R, Woodhouse C. Pyospermia in an adult cohort with persistent lower urinary tract symptoms and a history of ablated posterior urethral valve. J Pediatr Urol. 2010;6:614-8 pubmed publisher
    ..A significant finding of pyospermia and bacterial growth in semen culture is reported in a subpopulation of young men with a history of PUV and severe lower urinary tract symptoms. This may have an impact on fertility. ..
  36. Danti D, Centonze N, Pavone M, Pancani S, Cangioli G. [Neonatal urinary ascites secondary to posterior urethral valves]. Pediatr Med Chir. 2002;24:231-3 pubmed
    ..Congenital obstruction of the urinary tract caused by PUV may lead to renal, ureteric and vesical damages. Surgery is necessary in order to preserve and improve renal function. ..
  37. Holmes E, Weisse C, Berent A. Use of fluoroscopically guided percutaneous antegrade urethral catheterization for the treatment of urethral obstruction in male cats: 9 cases (2000-2009). J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2012;241:603-7 pubmed publisher
    To describe the technique and determine outcome for male cats with urethral obstruction treated with fluoroscopically guided percutaneous antegrade urethral catheterization (PAUC). Retrospective case series...
  38. Yeruham I, Aroch I, Avidar Y, Perl S. Congenital urethral obstruction, bilateral hydronephrosis and uroperitoneum in a lamb. Vet Rec. 2003;152:540 pubmed
  39. Bussey Jones J, Genao I. Impact of culture on health care. J Natl Med Assoc. 2003;95:732-5 pubmed
  40. Gerber B, Eichenberger S, Reusch C. Guarded long-term prognosis in male cats with urethral obstruction. J Feline Med Surg. 2008;10:16-23 pubmed
    The aim of this study was to evaluate the course of urethral obstruction in cats. Forty-five male cats with urethral obstruction or lower urinary tract signs referable to urethral obstruction were included in the study...
  41. Lehnert T, Ahmed H, Metzger R, Geyer C, Hirsch W, Till H. [Cystic abdominal mass as a complication due to posterior urethral valves]. Urologe A. 2011;50:74-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Early diagnosis and management are the most important prognostic factors that ensure a good outcome in such cases. ..
  42. Okeke L, Takure A, Adebayo S, Oluyemi O, Oyelekan A. Urethral obstruction from dislodged bladder diverticulum stones: a case report. BMC Urol. 2012;12:31 pubmed publisher
    ..We report urethral obstruction from dislodged bladder diverticulum stones...
  43. El Sherbiny M, Hafez A, Ghoneim M, Greenfield S. Ureteroneocystostomy in children with posterior urethral valves: indications and outcome. J Urol. 2002;168:1836-9; discussion 1839-40 pubmed
    ..However, the procedure is associated with a high rate of postoperative reflux. Psoas hitch has a significant role in prevention of reflux. ..
  44. Morris R, Quinlan Jones E, Kilby M, Khan K. Systematic review of accuracy of fetal urine analysis to predict poor postnatal renal function in cases of congenital urinary tract obstruction. Prenat Diagn. 2007;27:900-11 pubmed
    ..92, 1.28-6.69; LR - 0.53, 0.24-1.17). The current evidence demonstrates that none of the analytes of fetal urine investigated so far can be shown to yield clinically significant accuracy to predict poor postnatal renal function. ..
  45. Reynolds D, Campbell B. Delayed urethral obstruction after uterine torsion in a pregnant dog. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc. 2011;47:e71-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Histologic diagnosis was severe, multifocal, necrosuppurative urethritis with fibroplasia, fibrosis, and cellulitis, apparently secondary to ischemia. Delayed urethral obstruction is a potential complication of canine uterine torsion.
  46. Zhang Y, Wang J, Zhou Q, Zhang C, Li Q, Huang S, et al. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-? agonist pioglitazone fails to attenuate renal fibrosis caused by unilateral ureteral obstruction in mice. J Huazhong Univ Sci Technolog Med Sci. 2016;36:41-47 pubmed publisher
    ..Taken together, pioglitazone failed to suppress renal fibrosis progression caused by UUO. ..
  47. de Tayrac R, Cuckow P, Devlieger R, Deprest J, Bogaert G, Ville Y. Antenatal urodynamic studies in the fetal lamb: experimental protocol and preliminary results. Prenat Diagn. 2003;23:187-92 pubmed
    ..Three fetuses also had a partial urethral obstruction by the simultaneous placement of a peri-urethral constricting ring...
  48. Shimada K, Matsumoto F, Tohda A, Ueda M. Histological study of fetal kidney with urethral obstruction and vesicoureteral reflux: a consideration on the etiology of congenital reflux nephropathy. Int J Urol. 2003;10:518-24 pubmed
    ..We examined the renal pathology of fetuses with urethral obstruction and vesicoureteral reflux, and we suggest herein a possible etiology of congenital reflux nephropathy...
  49. Hu Y, Lin F, Zou Q, Mou L. [Effect of coicis semen oil on renal interstitial fibrosis in rats with unilateral urethral obstruction]. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2013;38:1982-6 pubmed
    ..05). Coicis Semen oil could attenuate the tubulo-interstitial fibrosis, probable by intervening the TGF-beta/Smads signal transduction pathway of UUO rats. ..
  50. Yang J, Huang W. Implications of abdominal straining in women with lower urinary tract symptoms. Urology. 2002;60:428-33 pubmed
    ..To explore the urodynamic significance of abdominal straining during voiding in female subjects with lower urinary tract symptoms...
  51. Nolte D, Carberry C, Gannon K, Boren F. Temporary tube cystostomy as a treatment for urinary obstruction secondary to adrenal disease in four ferrets. J Am Anim Hosp Assoc. 2002;38:527-32 pubmed
    ..The tube cystostomy placement and use were associated with minimal complications and allowed recovery from surgery...
  52. Brumfield S, Fausett M, Fries M. Intrauterine fetal resuscitation following complications of closed fetal surgery. Fetal Diagn Ther. 2005;20:272-4 pubmed
    ..There are limited data about the etiology, incidence, management, or long-term outcomes of complications associated with these procedures...
  53. Almeida S, Gregório E, El Sayed S, Fraga F, Moreira H, Rodrigues M. Variables predictive of voiding disfunction following aponeurotic sling surgery: multivariate analysis. Int Braz J Urol. 2004;30:302-6 pubmed
    ..There are few studies on factors that could possibly predispose to voiding difficulties or urinary retention. The objective of this work is to identify these potential clinical or urodynamic factors...
  54. Rubenstein J, Garcia M, Camargo A, Joel A, Stoller M. Novel everting urologic access sheath: decreased axial forces during insertion. J Endourol. 2005;19:1216-20 pubmed
    ..Placing an everting urethral sheath prior to instrumentation may decrease these problems...
  55. Czeizel A, Puho E, Acs N, Banhidy F. Inverse association between severe nausea and vomiting in pregnancy and some congenital abnormalities. Am J Med Genet A. 2006;140:453-62 pubmed
    ..Thus in this study the mothers of cases with congenital abnormalities were 26% less likely to have had severe nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy than the mothers of population controls without congenital abnormalities...
  56. Sweeney H. Delayed presentation of posterior urethral valves in a child with autism. Urol Nurs. 2006;26:71, 76 pubmed
  57. Boissevain I. [Piece of cake]. Tijdschr Diergeneeskd. 2006;131:867 pubmed
  58. Irshad A, Ackerman S, Sosnouski D, Anis M, Chavin K, Baliga P. A review of sonographic evaluation of renal transplant complications. Curr Probl Diagn Radiol. 2008;37:67-79 pubmed publisher
  59. Hodges S, Patel B, McLorie G, Atala A. Posterior urethral valves. ScientificWorldJournal. 2009;9:1119-26 pubmed publisher
    ..Since these children are often diagnosed early, the urethral obstruction can be alleviated rapidly through catheter insertion and eventual surgery, and their metabolic derangements ..
  60. Schoner K, Fritz B, Huelskamp G, Louwen F, Zenker M, Moll R, et al. Recurrent Johanson-Blizzard syndrome in a triplet pregnancy complicated by urethral obstruction sequence: a clinical, molecular, and immunohistochemical approach. Pediatr Dev Pathol. 2012;15:50-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Arhinencephaly and cystic renal dysplasia associated with urethral obstruction sequence were features not described previously in the literature...
  61. Vakalopoulos I, Kampantais S, Dimopoulos P, Papastavros C, Katsikas V. Treatment of obstructive uropathy in one of three young brothers suffering from Gorlin-Cohen syndrome: a case report. BMC Urol. 2012;12:2 pubmed publisher
    ..Some patients develop extraskeletal manifestations, such as urinary tract anomalies...
  62. Misseri R, Combs A, Horowitz M, Donohoe J, Glassberg K. Myogenic failure in posterior urethral valve disease: real or imagined?. J Urol. 2002;168:1844-8; discussion 1848 pubmed
    ..We determine the prevalence of myogenic failure in boys with a posterior urethral valve and whether myogenic failure was a consequence of earlier detrusor instability or diminished compliance...
  63. Kok E, McDonnell J, Stolk E, Stoevelaar H, Busschbach J. The valuation of the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) for use in economic evaluations. Eur Urol. 2002;42:491-7 pubmed
    ..It is therefore difficult to determine whether the effects of treatments for LUTS suggestive of BPO justify the costs. This complicates economic evaluations...
  64. Werner M, Najjari L, Schuessler B. Transurethral resection of tension-free vaginal tape penetrating the urethra. Obstet Gynecol. 2003;102:1034-6 pubmed
    ..We describe a less invasive approach to resection than the transvaginal urethral resection method previously reported in the literature...
  65. Davidson E, Ritchey J, Higbee R, Lucroy M, Bartels K. Laser lithotripsy for treatment of canine uroliths. Vet Surg. 2004;33:56-61 pubmed
    ..To confirm in vivo optimal laser energy settings previously determined in vitro for lithotripsy, to develop a technique for Ho:YAG laser lithotripsy, and to evaluate acute and chronic tissue effects of laser lithotripsy...
  66. Cahill D. The GP's role in lower urinary tract obstruction. Practitioner. 2005;249:38-42 pubmed
  67. Leibovici D, Lee A, Cheung R, Spiess P, Kuban D, Rosser C, et al. Symptomatic local recurrence of prostate carcinoma after radiation therapy. Cancer. 2005;103:2060-6 pubmed
    ..Most reports on the results of RT for localized prostate carcinoma (PC) do not address this endpoint. The objective of this study was to determine the incidence of SLRPC and to identify the risk factors for this endpoint...
  68. Mutlow A, Mauch W, Carpenter J, Smith T. Surgical procedure and postoperative management of a perineal urethrostomy in a chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes). J Zoo Wildl Med. 2006;37:381-6 pubmed
    ..Complications of the urethrostomy included urethral obstruction from recurrent urethral stricture. The stricture was managed by regular dilatation using urethral bougies...
  69. Heemsbergen W, Al mamgani A, Witte M, van Herk M, Pos F, Lebesque J. Urinary obstruction in prostate cancer patients from the Dutch trial (68 Gy vs. 78 Gy): relationships with local dose, acute effects, and baseline characteristics. Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys. 2010;78:19-25 pubmed publisher
    ..To investigate the relationship between late urinary obstruction and the details of the dose distribution of irradiated prostate cancer patients, taking into account their baseline symptoms and acute complaints...
  70. Kilciler M, Basal S, Irkilata H, Zor M, Istanbulluoglu M, Dayanc M. Adult posterior urethral valve: a case report. Ger Med Sci. 2010;8:Doc08 pubmed publisher
    ..PUV is the most common cause of lower urinary tract obstruction in neonates. The diagnosis of PUV is usually made early, and PUV cases have rarely been detected in adults...
  71. Duval M, Wood C. [Treatment of non-painful symptoms in terminally ill children]. Arch Pediatr. 2002;9:1173-8 pubmed
    ..Short duration benzodiazepines have become an important component of treatment that should remain simple, while providing the dying child the comfort needed to experience the highest quality relationships with those around him...
  72. Patil K, Wilcox D, Samuel M, Duffy P, Ransley P, Gonzalez R. Management of urinary extravasation in 18 boys with posterior urethral valves. J Urol. 2003;169:1508-11; discussion 1511 pubmed
    ..Urinary extravasation with associated posterior urethral valves is uncommon and published articles are restricted to case reports. We propose a management algorithm on the basis of presentation of 18 boys with this condition...
  73. Cruz Arámbulo R, Tan L, Callan R, Van Metre D, Park R. What is your diagnosis? Communication between the urethra and the corpus spongiosum, urethral stricture, mild cystitis, and presence of a urachal diverticulum. J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2003;222:1211-2 pubmed
  74. Lieb J, Das A. Urethral erosion of tension-free vaginal tape. Scand J Urol Nephrol. 2003;37:184-5 pubmed
    ..This procedure is gaining wide popularity in both Europe and the United States. Careful attention is necessary to assure tension-free placement of the sling...
  75. Bycroft J, Hamid R, Shah P. Penile erosion in spinal cord injury--an important lesson. Spinal Cord. 2003;41:643-4 pubmed
    ..A case report of the complications of a spinal cord injury (SCI) patient alternating between indwelling urethral catheter and a condom drainage system for bladder management...
  76. Yokota T, Honda K, Tsuruya Y, Nomiya M, Yamaguchi O, Gotanda K, et al. Functional and anatomical effects of hormonally induced experimental prostate growth: a urodynamic model of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in the beagle. Prostate. 2004;58:156-63 pubmed
    ..In the present study a canine prostatic enlargement model, using 5alpha-dihydrotestosterone (DHT) + 17beta-estradiol (E) was adapted in order to produce a more gradual onset of partial obstruction and impaired voiding...
  77. Volders W, Degryse H, Oyen R. Imperforated Cowper's syringocele. JBR-BTR. 2005;88:160-1 pubmed
  78. Huang W, Yang S, Yang J. Two- and 3-dimensional ultrasonography in acute urinary retention due to distal urethral obstruction by infiltrating metastatic colon cancer. J Ultrasound Med. 2007;26:255-9 pubmed
  79. Wang R, Tzamaloukas A, Agaba E, Servilla K, Vanderjagt D, Gibel L, et al. Management of extreme azotemia from urinary tract obstruction without dialysis. Clinical correlates and kinetic modeling of the recovery of renal function. Int Urol Nephrol. 2007;39:587-93 pubmed
  80. Zezza L, Reusch C, Gerber B. Intravesical application of lidocaine and sodium bicarbonate in the treatment of obstructive idiopathic lower urinary tract disease in cats. J Vet Intern Med. 2012;26:526-31 pubmed publisher
    ..Interstitial cystitis shares many features in common with feline idiopathic cystitis...
  81. O Leary M. Lower urinary tract symptoms/benign prostatic hyperplasia: maintaining symptom control and reducing complications. Urology. 2003;62:15-23 pubmed
    ..Therefore, alpha(1)-adrenoceptor antagonists, such as tamsulosin, are first-line therapy, not only in the short term but also in the long-term management of LUTS/BPH...
  82. Bedir S, Kilciler M, Ozgok Y, Deveci G, Erduran D. Long-term complication due to dextranomer based implant: granuloma causing urinary obstruction. J Urol. 2004;172:247-8 pubmed
  83. Yang J, Yang S, Huang W. Two- and three-dimensional sonographic findings in a case of distal urethral obstruction due to a paraurethral tumor. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2005;25:519-21 pubmed
    ..We present a case of distal urethral obstruction secondary to metastatic paraurethral adenocarcinoma...
  84. al Busaidy S, Prem A, Medhat M, Al Bulushi Y, Gaber M, Pai S. Holmium laser ablation of anterior urethral valves: case report. J Endourol. 2005;19:1210-1 pubmed
    ..To report a novel method for treating anterior urethral valves in children using the holmium:YAG laser...
  85. Lee R, Cendron M, Kinnamon D, Nguyen H. Antenatal hydronephrosis as a predictor of postnatal outcome: a meta-analysis. Pediatrics. 2006;118:586-93 pubmed
    ..Our objective was to review the current literature to determine whether the degree of antenatal hydronephrosis and related antenatal ultrasound findings are associated with postnatal outcome...
  86. Onur R, Tasdemir C, Seckin D, Ilhan N, Kutlu S, Akpolat N. Combined use of melatonin and terazosin restores bladder contractility in rabbits with partial outlet obstruction. Urology. 2008;72:439-43 pubmed publisher
    ..To investigate the effects of terazosin and melatonin on isolated rabbit bladder strips after partial bladder outlet obstruction and determine responses to agonist-induced contractility and changes in oxidant-antioxidant system...
  87. Abbo O, Bouali O, Ballouhey Q, Mouttalib S, Lemandat A, Decramer S, et al. [Is there an outcome difference between posterior urethral valves diagnosed prenatally and postnatally at the time of antenatal screening?]. Prog Urol. 2013;23:144-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Posterior urethral valves (PUV) diagnosed during childhood have classically been associated with a better outcome than antenatally diagnosed PUV. The aim of our study was to compare long-term outcome of these two patients' groups...
  88. Hoefer H. Excellence in exotics: Practice tip: ferret urinary tract catheterization. Compend Contin Educ Vet. 2013;35:E6 pubmed
    In ferrets, urinary tract catheterization is most often indicated for neutered males with a urethral obstruction. Obstructions are commonly caused by prostatic enlargement secondary to adrenal tumor hormone production or, less commonly, ..
  89. Najoui M, Qarro A, Ammani A, Alami M. Giant prostatic calculi. Pan Afr Med J. 2013;14:69 pubmed publisher
    ..He underwent an open cystolithotomy, two giant stones were removed from the prostate, and we used a lithotripsy in situ for extraction of stone fragments...
  90. van Venrooij G, Eckhardt M, Boon T. Data from frequency-volume charts versus maximum free flow rate, residual volume, and voiding cystometric estimated urethral obstruction grade and detrusor contractility grade in men with lower urinary tract symptoms suggestive of benign prostatic hy. Neurourol Urodyn. 2002;21:450-6 pubmed
    ..frequency-volume charts with maximum free flow rate, residual volume, and voiding cystometric estimated urethral obstruction grade and detrusor contractility in men with lower urinary tract symptoms suggestive of benign prostatic ..
  91. Tammela T, Talja M. Biodegradable urethral stents. BJU Int. 2003;92:843-50 pubmed
  92. Cetina L, Rivera L, Candelaria M, de La Garza J, Duenas Gonzalez A. Chemoradiation with gemcitabine for cervical cancer in patients with renal failure. Anticancer Drugs. 2004;15:761-6 pubmed
    ..In this setting where cisplatin-based therapy is contraindicated, the use of gemcitabine may be considered...