uterine rupture

Summary

Summary: A complete separation or tear in the wall of the UTERUS with or without expulsion of the FETUS. It may be due to injuries, multiple pregnancies, large fetus, previous scarring, or obstruction.

Top Publications

  1. Ismail S, Toon P. First trimester rupture of previous caesarean section scar. J Obstet Gynaecol. 2007;27:202-4 pubmed
  2. Stamilio D, DeFranco E, Pare E, Odibo A, Peipert J, Allsworth J, et al. Short interpregnancy interval: risk of uterine rupture and complications of vaginal birth after cesarean delivery. Obstet Gynecol. 2007;110:1075-82 pubmed
    To investigate whether short or long interpregnancy interval is associated with uterine rupture and other major maternal morbidities in women who attempt vaginal birth after cesarean delivery (VBAC).
  3. Harper L, Cahill A, Roehl K, Odibo A, Stamilio D, Macones G. The pattern of labor preceding uterine rupture. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2012;207:210.e1-6 pubmed publisher
    We sought to characterize the labor of women attempting trial of labor after cesarean (TOLAC) who experience uterine rupture.
  4. Jang D, Lee G, Yoon J, Lee S. Placenta percreta-induced uterine rupture diagnosed by laparoscopy in the first trimester. Int J Med Sci. 2011;8:424-7 pubmed
    Spontaneous uterine rupture is lethal in pregnant women. Placenta percreta-induced spontaneous uterine rupture in the first trimester is extremely rare and difficult to diagnose...
  5. Michiels I, De Valck C, De Loor J, Hendriks J, Jacquemyn Y, Tjalma W. Spontaneous uterine rupture during pregnancy, related to a horse fall 8 weeks earlier. Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 2007;86:380-1 pubmed
  6. Landon M, Spong C, Thom E, Hauth J, Bloom S, Varner M, et al. Risk of uterine rupture with a trial of labor in women with multiple and single prior cesarean delivery. Obstet Gynecol. 2006;108:12-20 pubmed
    To determine whether the risk for uterine rupture is increased in women attempting vaginal birth after multiple cesarean deliveries.
  7. Grobman W, Lai Y, Landon M, Spong C, Leveno K, Rouse D, et al. Prediction of uterine rupture associated with attempted vaginal birth after cesarean delivery. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2008;199:30.e1-5 pubmed publisher
    The purpose of this study was to develop a model that predicts individual-specific risk of uterine rupture during an attempted vaginal birth after cesarean delivery.
  8. Algert C, Morris J, Simpson J, Ford J, Roberts C. Labor before a primary cesarean delivery: reduced risk of uterine rupture in a subsequent trial of labor for vaginal birth after cesarean. Obstet Gynecol. 2008;112:1061-6 pubmed publisher
    To estimate the effect of the onset of labor before a primary cesarean delivery on the risk of uterine rupture if vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC) is attempted in the next pregnancy.
  9. Gupta A, Nanda S. Uterine rupture in pregnancy: a five-year study. Arch Gynecol Obstet. 2011;283:437-41 pubmed publisher
    b>Uterine rupture during pregnancy is a rare occurrence that frequently results in high incidence of maternal and fetal morbidity and mortality.

More Information

Publications65

  1. Weimar C, Lim A, Bots M, Bruinse H, Kwee A. Risk factors for uterine rupture during a vaginal birth after one previous caesarean section: a case-control study. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2010;151:41-5 pubmed publisher
    To study risk factors for uterine rupture (UR) in women with one previous caesarean section (CS) undergoing a vaginal birth after CS (VBAC).
  2. Naim N, Ahmad S, Siraj H, Ng P, Mahdy Z, Razi Z. Advanced abdominal pregnancy resulting from late uterine rupture. Obstet Gynecol. 2008;111:502-4 pubmed publisher
    Advanced abdominal pregnancy is rare, and one that occurs after uterine rupture with delivery of a viable fetus is exceptional.
  3. Sciscione A, Landon M, Leveno K, Spong C, Macpherson C, Varner M, et al. Previous preterm cesarean delivery and risk of subsequent uterine rupture. Obstet Gynecol. 2008;111:648-53 pubmed publisher
    To determine if women with a history of a previous preterm cesarean delivery experienced an increased risk of subsequent uterine rupture compared with women who had a previous nonclassic term cesarean delivery.
  4. Chuni N. Analysis of uterine rupture in a tertiary center in Eastern Nepal: lessons for obstetric care. J Obstet Gynaecol Res. 2006;32:574-9 pubmed
    ..To determine the etiologic factors, clinical presentation, management and fetomaternal outcome in cases of rupture of the gravid uterus and propose preventive measures...
  5. Wang L, Wang P, Chen C, Au H, Yen Y, Liu W. Uterine preservation in a woman with spontaneous uterine rupture secondary to placenta percreta on the posterior wall: a case report. J Obstet Gynaecol Res. 2009;35:379-84 pubmed publisher
    ..An urgent exploratory laparotomy revealed active bleeding from the uterine rupture on the posterior uterine wall...
  6. Ho S, Chang S, Liang C. Simultaneous uterine and urinary bladder rupture in an otherwise successful vaginal birth after cesarean delivery. J Chin Med Assoc. 2010;73:655-9 pubmed publisher
    b>Uterine rupture is the primary concern when a patient chooses a trial of labor after a cesarean section. Bladder rupture accompanied by uterine rupture should be taken into consideration if gross hematuria occurs...
  7. Fitzpatrick K, Kurinczuk J, Alfirevic Z, Spark P, Brocklehurst P, Knight M. Uterine rupture by intended mode of delivery in the UK: a national case-control study. PLoS Med. 2012;9:e1001184 pubmed publisher
    Recent reports of the risk of morbidity due to uterine rupture are thought to have contributed in some countries to a decrease in the number of women attempting a vaginal birth after caesarean section...
  8. Holmgren C. Uterine rupture associated with VBAC. Clin Obstet Gynecol. 2012;55:978-87 pubmed publisher
    b>Uterine rupture during attempted vaginal birth after cesarean is a rare, but serious complication and can result in death or long-term disability...
  9. Medel J, Mateo S, Conde C, Cabistany Esqué A, Ríos Mitchell M. Spontaneous uterine rupture caused by placenta percreta at 18 weeks' gestation after in vitro fertilization. J Obstet Gynaecol Res. 2010;36:170-3 pubmed publisher
    We report a case of spontaneous uterine rupture caused by placenta percreta at 18 weeks' gestation after in vitro fertilization...
  10. Bujold E, Jastrow N, Simoneau J, Brunet S, Gauthier R. Prediction of complete uterine rupture by sonographic evaluation of the lower uterine segment. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2009;201:320.e1-6 pubmed publisher
    The purpose of this study was to establish the validity of sonographic evaluation of lower uterine segment (LUS) thickness for complete uterine rupture.
  11. Dim C, Agu P, Dim N, Ikeme A. Adenomyosis and uterine rupture during labour in a primigravida: an unusual obstetric emergency in Nigeria. Trop Doct. 2009;39:250-1 pubmed publisher
    ..Emergency laparotomy and subsequent histology showed a fundal complete uterine rupture through the adenomyomectomy site, which was repaired...
  12. Akaba G, Onafowokan O, Offiong R, Omonua K, Ekele B. Uterine rupture: trends and feto-maternal outcome in a Nigerian teaching hospital. Niger J Med. 2013;22:304-8 pubmed
    To determine the trends, predisposing factors, maternal and fetal outcome of cases of uterine rupture managed at the University of Abuja Teaching Hospital.
  13. Bujold E, Goyet M, Marcoux S, Brassard N, Cormier B, Hamilton E, et al. The role of uterine closure in the risk of uterine rupture. Obstet Gynecol. 2010;116:43-50 pubmed publisher
    To evaluate the effects of prior single-layer compared with double-layer closure on the risk of uterine rupture.
  14. Dhaifalah I, Santavy J, Fingerova H. Uterine rupture during pregnancy and delivery among women attending the Al-Tthawra Hospital in Sana'a City Yemen Republic. Biomed Pap Med Fac Univ Palacky Olomouc Czech Repub. 2006;150:279-83 pubmed
    ..These women face one of the catastrophic risks of pregnancy "uterine rupture"...
  15. Walsh C, Baxi L. Rupture of the primigravid uterus: a review of the literature. Obstet Gynecol Surv. 2007;62:327-34; quiz 353-4 pubmed
    b>Uterine rupture is a catastrophic obstetric complication, associated with high rates of perinatal morbidity and mortality...
  16. Kaczmarczyk M, Sparen P, Terry P, Cnattingius S. Risk factors for uterine rupture and neonatal consequences of uterine rupture: a population-based study of successive pregnancies in Sweden. BJOG. 2007;114:1208-14 pubmed
    b>Uterine rupture is a rare but a catastrophic event...
  17. Ouzounian J, Miller D, Hiebert C, Battista L, Lee R. Vaginal birth after cesarean section: risk of uterine rupture with labor induction. Am J Perinatol. 2011;28:593-6 pubmed publisher
    We assessed the rate of uterine rupture in patients undergoing labor induction for attempted vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC). A retrospective study was performed of data from a computerized database...
  18. Liao C, Ding D. Repair of uterine rupture in twin gestation after laparoscopic cornual resection. J Minim Invasive Gynecol. 2009;16:493-5 pubmed publisher
    Spontaneous uterine rupture in the course of pregnancy is a rare event that usually occurs in a scarred uterus. The event occurs mostly during the intrapartum period and is potentially catastrophic for both mother and fetus...
  19. Goyal V. Uterine rupture in second-trimester misoprostol-induced abortion after cesarean delivery: a systematic review. Obstet Gynecol. 2009;113:1117-23 pubmed publisher
    To determine the risk of uterine rupture when using misoprostol for second-trimester abortion in women with a history of cesarean delivery.
  20. Al Zirqi I, Stray Pedersen B, Forsen L, Vangen S. Uterine rupture after previous caesarean section. BJOG. 2010;117:809-20 pubmed publisher
    To determine the risk factors, percentage and maternal and perinatal complications of uterine rupture after previous caesarean section.
  21. Teunissen K, Lopriore E, Nijman R, Brouwer P, Van Kamp I. Silent uterine rupture, an unusual cause of anhydramnios. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2007;196:e8-9 pubmed
    ..The absence of clinical symptoms strongly suggests a preexisting weak spot in the uterine wall, presumably resulting from an unrecognized perforation at a previous curettage procedure...
  22. Eze J, Ibekwe P. Uterine rupture at a secondary hospital in Afikpo, Southeast Nigeria. Singapore Med J. 2010;51:506-11 pubmed
    b>Uterine rupture is an obstetric catastrophe that is associated with high maternal and perinatal mortality rates. Its incidence is high in developing countries...
  23. Fleisch M, Lux J, Schoppe M, Grieshaber K, Hampl M. Placenta percreta leading to spontaneous complete uterine rupture in the second trimester. Example of a fatal complication of abnormal placentation following uterine scarring. Gynecol Obstet Invest. 2008;65:81-3 pubmed
    ..Emergency laparotomy revealed a uterine rupture located in the anterior uterine wall caused by a placenta percreta and supracervical hysterectomy was ..
  24. Villa G, Mabrouk M, Guerrini M, Mignemi G, Colleoni G, Venturoli S, et al. Uterine rupture in a primigravida with adenomyosis recently subjected to laparoscopic resection of rectovaginal endometriosis: case report. J Minim Invasive Gynecol. 2008;15:360-1 pubmed publisher
    A case of intrapartum, complete, low-posterior wall, transverse uterine rupture, complicated by uterine atony and treated by emergency hysterectomy in a primigravida with uterine adenomyosis who delivered vaginally at 37 weeks plus 5 ..
  25. Wei S, Chen C. Uterine rupture due to traumatic assisted fundal pressure. Taiwan J Obstet Gynecol. 2006;45:170-2 pubmed
    b>Uterine rupture is potentially a life-threatening condition for both mother and infant...
  26. Su C, Tsai H, Chen G, Shih Y, Lee M. Uterine rupture at scar of prior laparoscopic cornuostomy after vaginal delivery of a full-term healthy infant. J Obstet Gynaecol Res. 2008;34:688-91 pubmed publisher
    ..An emergency laparotomy was carried out, and the diagnosis of a uterine rupture at the scar of a prior cornuostomy was confirmed...
  27. Gyamfi C, Juhasz G, Gyamfi P, Blumenfeld Y, Stone J. Single- versus double-layer uterine incision closure and uterine rupture. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2006;19:639-43 pubmed
    To evaluate whether closure of the uterine incision with one or two layers changes uterine rupture or vaginal birth after cesarean section (VBAC) success rates.
  28. Walsh C, O Sullivan R, Foley M. Unexplained prelabor uterine rupture in a term primigravida. Obstet Gynecol. 2006;108:725-7 pubmed
    b>Uterine rupture is a catastrophic obstetric complication. The main risk factor is a scarred uterus, usually secondary to a previous cesarean delivery. Uterine rupture in a primigravid woman is a very rare event.
  29. Dow M, Wax J, Pinette M, Blackstone J, Cartin A. Third-trimester uterine rupture without previous cesarean: a case series and review of the literature. Am J Perinatol. 2009;26:739-44 pubmed publisher
    We sought to describe a case series and literature review of uterine rupture in the absence of a previous cesarean delivery...
  30. Strand R, Tumba P, Niekowal J, Bergstrom S. Audit of cases with uterine rupture: a process indicator of quality of obstetric care in Angola. Afr J Reprod Health. 2010;14:55-62 pubmed
    Audit of uterine rupture (UR) used as a process indicator, can identify factors considered avoidable to improve future quality of obstetric care...
  31. Parker W, Einarsson J, Istre O, Dubuisson J. Risk factors for uterine rupture after laparoscopic myomectomy. J Minim Invasive Gynecol. 2010;17:551-4 pubmed publisher
    Case reports for uterine rupture subsequent to laparoscopic myomectomy were reviewed to determine whether common causal factors could be identified...
  32. Dekker G, Chan A, Luke C, Priest K, Riley M, Halliday J, et al. Risk of uterine rupture in Australian women attempting vaginal birth after one prior caesarean section: a retrospective population-based cohort study. BJOG. 2010;117:1358-65 pubmed publisher
    Higher risks of uterine rupture have been reported among women attempting vaginal birth after caesarean (VBAC) particularly following induction with prostaglandins, compared with women who do not labour...
  33. Hornemann A, Bohlmann M, Diedrich K, Kavallaris A, Kehl S, Kelling K, et al. Spontaneous uterine rupture at the 21st week of gestation caused by placenta percreta. Arch Gynecol Obstet. 2011;284:875-8 pubmed publisher
    ..To describe the management of a ruptured uterus caused by placenta percreta in the 21st week of gestation...
  34. Harper L, Macones G. Predicting success and reducing the risks when attempting vaginal birth after cesarean. Obstet Gynecol Surv. 2008;63:538-45 pubmed publisher
    ..The rate of uterine rupture in all patients ranges from 0.7% to 0...
  35. van den Akker T, Mwagomba B, Irlam J, van Roosmalen J. Using audits to reduce the incidence of uterine rupture in a Malawian district hospital. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. 2009;107:289-94 pubmed publisher
    To improve obstetric care and reduce the incidence of uterine rupture through the use of audits.
  36. Dabulis S, McGuirk T. An unusual case of hemoperitoneum: uterine rupture at 9 weeks gestational age. J Emerg Med. 2007;33:285-7 pubmed
  37. Spong C, Landon M, Gilbert S, Rouse D, Leveno K, Varner M, et al. Risk of uterine rupture and adverse perinatal outcome at term after cesarean delivery. Obstet Gynecol. 2007;110:801-7 pubmed
    Current information on the risk of uterine rupture after cesarean delivery has generally compared the risk after trial of labor to that occurring with an elective cesarean delivery without labor...
  38. Chibber R, El Saleh E, Al Fadhli R, Al Jassar W, Al Harmi J. Uterine rupture and subsequent pregnancy outcome--how safe is it? A 25-year study. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2010;23:421-4 pubmed publisher
    ..a) To review the cases of ruptured uterus over the last 25 years and analyze the causative factors with a view to its prevention (b) To analyze subsequent pregnancy outcome with a view to its safety...
  39. Pistofidis G, Makrakis E, Balinakos P, Dimitriou E, Bardis N, Anaf V. Report of 7 uterine rupture cases after laparoscopic myomectomy: update of the literature. J Minim Invasive Gynecol. 2012;19:762-7 pubmed publisher
    The objective of this article is to report 7 previously unpublished uterine rupture cases in pregnancy after laparoscopic myomectomy and to update the medical literature...
  40. Bujold E, Gauthier R. Risk of uterine rupture associated with an interdelivery interval between 18 and 24 months. Obstet Gynecol. 2010;115:1003-6 pubmed publisher
    To estimate the association between interdelivery interval and uterine rupture in women with a previous cesarean delivery.
  41. Mercer B, Gilbert S, Landon M, Spong C, Leveno K, Rouse D, et al. Labor outcomes with increasing number of prior vaginal births after cesarean delivery. Obstet Gynecol. 2008;111:285-91 pubmed publisher
    ..To estimate the success rates and risks of an attempted vaginal birth after cesarean delivery (VBAC) according to the number of prior successful VBACs...
  42. Ali A, Adam I. Maternal and perinatal outcomes of uterine rupture in the Kassala Hospital, east Sudan: 2006-2009. J Obstet Gynaecol. 2011;31:48-9 pubmed publisher
    ..3%), repair in (32.2%) and repair with tubal ligation in (28.5%). There was 14.3% and 92.8% maternal and perinatal mortality, respectively. A total of 21.4% and 7.14% developed sepsis and vesicovaginal fistulae, respectively...
  43. Walsh C, Reardon W, Foley M. Unexplained prelabor uterine rupture in a term primigravida. Obstet Gynecol. 2007;109:455 pubmed
  44. Kwee A, Bots M, Visser G, Bruinse H. Obstetric management and outcome of pregnancy in women with a history of caesarean section in the Netherlands. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2007;132:171-6 pubmed
    To determine mode of delivery and occurrence of uterine rupture in women with a previous caesarean section (CS) in the Netherlands.
  45. Zwart J, Richters J, Ory F, de Vries J, Bloemenkamp K, van Roosmalen J. Uterine rupture in The Netherlands: a nationwide population-based cohort study. BJOG. 2009;116:1069-78; discussion 1078-80 pubmed publisher
    To assess incidence of uterine rupture in scarred and unscarred uteri and its maternal and fetal complications in a nationwide design.
  46. Blihovde L, Tawfik J, Hill D. Prelabor third-trimester uterine rupture in an unscarred uterus with occlusion by fetal small parts: a case report. J Reprod Med. 2010;55:437-40 pubmed
    ..Rupture of an unscarred uterus is a rare and potentially catastrophic event. Common presenting signs and symptoms include abdominal pain, fetal heart rate abnormalities, and evidence of hypovolemia...
  47. Parker W, Iacampo K, Long T. Uterine rupture after laparoscopic removal of a pedunculated myoma. J Minim Invasive Gynecol. 2007;14:362-4 pubmed
    ..The pregnancy was uneventful until the 34th week, when pain and contractions signaled uterine rupture. Mother and baby did well after emergency cesarean section...
  48. Park Y, Ryu K, Lee J, Park M. Spontaneous uterine rupture in the first trimester: a case report. J Korean Med Sci. 2005;20:1079-81 pubmed
    b>Uterine rupture is one of the most feared obstetric complications affecting the pregnant woman and fetus. Most of the cases have various risk factors and mainly occur during the second or third trimester...
  49. Berghahn L, Christensen D, Droste S. Uterine rupture during second-trimester abortion associated with misoprostol. Obstet Gynecol. 2001;98:976-7 pubmed
    ..During the evacuation, uterine rupture was diagnosed. She underwent emergency laparotomy, and the uterus was repaired...
  50. Wada S, Kudo M, Minakami H. Spontaneous uterine rupture of a twin pregnancy after a laparoscopic adenomyomectomy: a case report. J Minim Invasive Gynecol. 2006;13:166-8 pubmed
    ..Although this procedure is reasonably expected to increase the risk of uterine rupture during pregnancy, reports on this issue are scarce...
  51. Smith G, White I, Pell J, Dobbie R. Predicting cesarean section and uterine rupture among women attempting vaginal birth after prior cesarean section. PLoS Med. 2005;2:e252 pubmed
    ..is currently no validated method for antepartum prediction of the risk of failed vaginal birth after cesarean section and no information on the relationship between the risk of emergency cesarean delivery and the risk of uterine rupture.
  52. Hendler I, Bujold E. Effect of prior vaginal delivery or prior vaginal birth after cesarean delivery on obstetric outcomes in women undergoing trial of labor. Obstet Gynecol. 2004;104:273-7 pubmed
    ..We sought to study the effects of prior vaginal delivery or prior vaginal birth after cesarean delivery (VBAC) on the success of a trial of labor after a cesarean delivery...
  53. Smith G, Pell J, Pasupathy D, Dobbie R. Factors predisposing to perinatal death related to uterine rupture during attempted vaginal birth after caesarean section: retrospective cohort study. BMJ. 2004;329:375 pubmed
    To determine the factors associated with an increased risk of perinatal death related to uterine rupture during attempted vaginal birth after caesarean section.
  54. Chauhan S, Martin J, Henrichs C, Morrison J, Magann E. Maternal and perinatal complications with uterine rupture in 142,075 patients who attempted vaginal birth after cesarean delivery: A review of the literature. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2003;189:408-17 pubmed
    The purpose of this study was to determine the rate of uterine rupture and its complications as the result of trial of labor after previous cesarean delivery.
  55. Yap O, Kim E, Laros R. Maternal and neonatal outcomes after uterine rupture in labor. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2001;184:1576-81 pubmed
    ..We conducted a study to evaluate maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality after uterine rupture at a tertiary care center.
  56. Ould El Joud D, Prual A, Vangeenderhuysen C, Bouvier Colle M. Epidemiological features of uterine rupture in West Africa (MOMA Study). Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol. 2002;16:108-14 pubmed
    The aim of the study was (1) to assess the incidence of uterine rupture in West Africa; (2) to identify its risk factors there; (3) to assess their predictiveness. The study (MOMA study) was prospective and population based...