retinal perforations

Summary

Summary: Perforations through the whole thickness of the retina including the macula as the result of inflammation, trauma, degeneration, etc. The concept includes retinal breaks, tears, dialyses, and holes.

Top Publications

  1. Gupta O, Weichel E, Regillo C, Fineman M, Kaiser R, Ho A, et al. Postoperative complications associated with 25-gauge pars plana vitrectomy. Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging. 2007;38:270-5 pubmed
    ..To report postoperative complications in eyes undergoing 25-gauge pars plana vitrectomy (PPV)...
  2. Oh J, Smiddy W, Flynn H, Gregori G, Lujan B. Photoreceptor inner/outer segment defect imaging by spectral domain OCT and visual prognosis after macular hole surgery. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2010;51:1651-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The postoperative area of the IS/OS defect, when directly measured, correlates more strongly with BCVA than do linear-based measurements, perhaps because of the irregular shape of the IS/OS defect after surgery. ..
  3. Bottoni F, De Angelis S, Luccarelli S, Cigada M, Staurenghi G. The dynamic healing process of idiopathic macular holes after surgical repair: a spectral-domain optical coherence tomography study. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2011;52:4439-46 pubmed publisher
    ..To analyze progressive changes of the outer retina after vitrectomy for macular hole (MH) repair...
  4. Parolini B, Schumann R, Cereda M, Haritoglou C, Pertile G. Lamellar macular hole: a clinicopathologic correlation of surgically excised epiretinal membranes. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2011;52:9074-83 pubmed publisher
    ..To correlate clinical and optical coherence tomographic (OCT) features with morphologic and immunohistochemical findings of epiretinal membranes (ERMs) in lamellar macular holes (LMHs)...
  5. Xu D, Yuan A, Kaiser P, Srivastava S, Singh R, Sears J, et al. A novel segmentation algorithm for volumetric analysis of macular hole boundaries identified with optical coherence tomography. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2013;54:163-9 pubmed publisher
    ..To demonstrate a novel algorithm for macular hole (MH) segmentation and volumetric analysis...
  6. Chung H, Shin C, Kim J, Yoon Y, Kim H. Correlation of microperimetry with fundus autofluorescence and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography in repaired macular holes. Am J Ophthalmol. 2011;151:128-136.e3 pubmed publisher
  7. Mori K, Kanno J, Gehlbach P, Yoneya S. Montage images of spectral-domain optical coherence tomography in eyes with idiopathic macular holes. Ophthalmology. 2012;119:2600-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Montaged images of posterior and peripheral spectral-domain (SD) optical coherence tomography (OCT) studies were used to describe the anatomic vitreoretinal relationships...
  8. Wong S, Clare G, Bunce C, Sullivan P, Gregor Z, Ezra E. Cataract progression in macular hole cases: results with vitrectomy or with observation. J Cataract Refract Surg. 2012;38:1176-80 pubmed publisher
    ..To quantify the difference in progression of nuclear sclerotic cataract using Scheimpflug image analysis in patients with idiopathic full-thickness macular hole who were randomized to have vitrectomy and gas tamponade or to be observed...
  9. Michalewska Z, Michalewski J, Odrobina D, Nawrocki J. Non-full-thickness macular holes reassessed with spectral domain optical coherence tomography. Retina. 2012;32:922-9 pubmed publisher

More Information

Publications75

  1. Gentile R, Landa G, Pons M, Eliott D, Rosen R. Macular hole formation, progression, and surgical repair: case series of serial optical coherence tomography and time lapse morphing video study. BMC Ophthalmol. 2010;10:24 pubmed publisher
    ..To use a new medium to dynamically visualize serial optical coherence tomography (OCT) scans in order to illustrate and elucidate the pathogenesis of idiopathic macular hole formation, progression, and surgical closure...
  2. Wakely L, Rahman R, Stephenson J. A comparison of several methods of macular hole measurement using optical coherence tomography, and their value in predicting anatomical and visual outcomes. Br J Ophthalmol. 2012;96:1003-7 pubmed publisher
    ..To compare several methods of macular hole measurement using optical coherence tomography (OCT), and to assess their predictive capability against anatomical and visual outcomes in a single cohort of patients...
  3. Stalmans P, Benz M, Gandorfer A, Kampik A, Girach A, Pakola S, et al. Enzymatic vitreolysis with ocriplasmin for vitreomacular traction and macular holes. N Engl J Med. 2012;367:606-15 pubmed publisher
    ..The standard treatment for severe, symptomatic vitreomacular adhesion is vitrectomy. Ocriplasmin is a recombinant protease with activity against fibronectin and laminin, components of the vitreoretinal interface...
  4. Kumar A, Gogia V, Shah V, Nag T. Comparative evaluation of anatomical and functional outcomes using brilliant blue G versus triamcinolone assisted ILM peeling in macular hole surgery in Indian population. Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 2011;249:987-95 pubmed publisher
    ..To compare anatomical and functional outcomes using brilliant blue G (BBG) vs triamcinolone acetonide (TA)-assisted ILM peeling in macular hole surgery (MHS)...
  5. Tarantola R, Tsui J, Graff J, Russell S, Boldt H, Folk J, et al. Intraoperative sclerotomy-related retinal breaks during 23-gauge pars plana vitrectomy. Retina. 2013;33:136-42 pubmed publisher
    ..To study the incidence and characteristics of intraoperative sclerotomy-related retinal breaks encountered during 23-gauge pars plana vitrectomy...
  6. Rasouli M, Steed S, Tennant M, Rudnisky C, Hinz B, Greve M, et al. The 1-year incidence of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment post 23-gauge pars plana vitrectomy. Can J Ophthalmol. 2012;47:262-3 pubmed publisher
    ..The purpose of this study was to evaluate the 1-year incidence of retinal tear or retinal detachment following 23-gauge pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) for epiretinal membrane (ERM), macular hole (MH), or vitreomacular traction (VMT)...
  7. Imai H, Ohta K. Microperimetric determination of retinal sensitivity in areas of dissociated optic nerve fiber layer following internal limiting membrane peeling. Jpn J Ophthalmol. 2010;54:435-40 pubmed publisher
    ..To investigate the effects of a dissociated optic nerve fiber layer (DONFL) on retinal sensitivity...
  8. Kawano H, Uemura A, Sakamoto T. Incidence of outer foveal defect after macular hole surgery. Am J Ophthalmol. 2011;151:318-22 pubmed publisher
    ..To determine the incidence of outer foveal defects after macular hole surgery and to evaluate the relationship between the defect and visual outcome...
  9. Ooto S, Hangai M, Takayama K, Ueda Arakawa N, Hanebuchi M, Yoshimura N. Photoreceptor damage and foveal sensitivity in surgically closed macular holes: an adaptive optics scanning laser ophthalmoscopy study. Am J Ophthalmol. 2012;154:174-186.e2 pubmed publisher
  10. Shukla D, Kalliath J, Neelakantan N, Naresh K, Ramasamy K. A comparison of brilliant blue G, trypan blue, and indocyanine green dyes to assist internal limiting membrane peeling during macular hole surgery. Retina. 2011;31:2021-5 pubmed publisher
    ..To compare surgical outcomes with three dyes, brilliant blue G (BBG), trypan blue (TB) and indocyanine green (ICG), used to facilitate internal limiting membrane peeling during macular hole surgery...
  11. Krishnan R, Tossounis C, Fung Yang Y. 20-gauge and 23-gauge phacovitrectomy for idiopathic macular holes: comparison of complications and long-term outcomes. Eye (Lond). 2013;27:72-7 pubmed publisher
    ..To assess and compare the complications and long-term visual and anatomical outcomes of 20- and 23-gauge phacovitrectomy (PVT) for idiopathic macular hole repair...
  12. Kao T, Yang C, Yeh P, Huang J, Yang C. The value of combining autofluorescence and optical coherence tomography in predicting the visual prognosis of sealed macular holes. Am J Ophthalmol. 2013;156:149-156.e1 pubmed publisher
  13. Barak Y, Sherman M, Schaal S. Mathematical analysis of specific anatomic foveal configurations predisposing to the formation of macular holes. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2011;52:8266-70 pubmed publisher
    ..To mathematically analyze and to clinically describe specific anatomic foveal configurations predisposing to the formation of macular holes in comparison with normal foveal anatomy...
  14. Tadayoni R, Vicaut E, Devin F, Creuzot Garcher C, Berrod J, Le Mer Y, et al. A randomized controlled trial of alleviated positioning after small macular hole surgery. Ophthalmology. 2011;118:150-5 pubmed publisher
    ..To establish whether the success rate of surgery for small idiopathic macular holes (diameter, ? 400 ?m) is significantly reduced if facedown positioning is replaced by simply taking care to avoid the supine position...
  15. Salter A, Folgar F, Weissbrot J, Wald K. Macular hole surgery prognostic success rates based on macular hole size. Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging. 2012;43:184-9 pubmed publisher
    ..To evaluate the correlation between macular hole (MH) surgery outcomes and preoperative factors believed to affect surgical success rates...
  16. Scott I, Flynn H, Acar N, Dev S, Shaikh S, Mittra R, et al. Incidence of endophthalmitis after 20-gauge vs 23-gauge vs 25-gauge pars plana vitrectomy. Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 2011;249:377-80 pubmed publisher
    ..To compare endophthalmitis rates after 20-gauge versus 23-gauge versus 25-gauge pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) in 2007-2008, and compare the rates with those of 2005-2006...
  17. Rizzo S, Genovesi Ebert F, Belting C. Comparative study between a standard 25-gauge vitrectomy system and a new ultrahigh-speed 25-gauge system with duty cycle control in the treatment of various vitreoretinal diseases. Retina. 2011;31:2007-13 pubmed publisher
    ..To compare a standard 25-gauge vitrectomy system with a new ultrahigh-speed (UHS) 25-gauge system with duty cycle control for pars plana vitrectomy...
  18. Figueroa M, Noval S, Contreras I. Macular structure on optical coherence tomography after lamellar macular hole surgery and its correlation with visual outcome. Can J Ophthalmol. 2011;46:491-7 pubmed publisher
    ..To report macular structure on optical coherence tomography (OCT) after lamellar macular hole surgery and its relationship with visual outcome...
  19. Ehrlich R, Goh Y, Ahmad N, Polkinghorne P. Retinal breaks in small-gauge pars plana vitrectomy. Am J Ophthalmol. 2012;153:868-72 pubmed publisher
    ..To determine the frequency of peripheral iatrogenic retinal breaks in eyes undergoing small-gauge pars plana vitrectomy...
  20. Lee S, Jang S, Moon D, Choi K, Jung G. Long-term surgical outcomes after vitrectomy for symptomatic lamellar macular holes. Retina. 2012;32:1743-8 pubmed
    ..To determine long-term surgical findings and outcomes after vitrectomy for symptomatic lamellar macular holes...
  21. Lee C, Koh H, Lim H, Lee K, Lee S. Prognostic factors in vitrectomy for lamellar macular hole assessed by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography. Acta Ophthalmol. 2012;90:e597-602 pubmed publisher
    ..To evaluate the association between the macular structure on spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-CT) and visual outcome after vitrectomy for lamellar macular hole (LMH)...
  22. Takahashi A, Yoshida A, Nagaoka T, Takamiya A, Sato E, Kagokawa H, et al. Idiopathic full-thickness macular holes and the vitreomacular interface: a high-resolution spectral-domain optical coherence tomography study. Am J Ophthalmol. 2012;154:881-892.e2 pubmed publisher
    ..To analyze the vitreomacular interface in idiopathic full-thickness macular holes (MHs) using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography...
  23. Tadayoni R, Svorenova I, Erginay A, Gaudric A, Massin P. Decreased retinal sensitivity after internal limiting membrane peeling for macular hole surgery. Br J Ophthalmol. 2012;96:1513-6 pubmed publisher
  24. Brockmann T, Steger C, Westermann M, Nietzsche S, Koenigsdoerffer E, Strobel J, et al. Ultrastructure of the membrana limitans interna after dye-assisted membrane peeling. Ophthalmologica. 2011;226:228-33 pubmed publisher
    ..A possible explanation might be seen in the known photosensitivity of ICG, which induces a stiffening and shrinkage of the ILM but also generates retinal toxic metabolites...
  25. Alkabes M, Salinas C, Vitale L, Burés Jelstrup A, Nucci P, Mateo C. En face optical coherence tomography of inner retinal defects after internal limiting membrane peeling for idiopathic macular hole. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2011;52:8349-55 pubmed publisher
    ..To describe the appearance of inner retinal defects using en face spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) after idiopathic full-thickness macular hole (FTMH) surgery, referred to as concentric macular dark spots (CMDS)...
  26. Mateo Montoya A, de Smet M. Air as tamponade for retinal detachments. Eur J Ophthalmol. 2014;24:242-6 pubmed publisher
    ..To determine whether air can be used as a reliable tamponade agent after pars plana vitrectomy in selected primary retinal detachment (RD)...
  27. Bottoni F, Deiro A, Giani A, Orini C, Cigada M, Staurenghi G. The natural history of lamellar macular holes: a spectral domain optical coherence tomography study. Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 2013;251:467-75 pubmed publisher
    ..To study the evolution of lamellar macular holes (LMHs) using spectral domain-optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT)...
  28. Rahman R, Madgula I, Khan K. Outcomes of sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) versus perfluoroethane (C2F6) gas tamponade for non-posturing macular-hole surgery. Br J Ophthalmol. 2012;96:185-8 pubmed publisher
    ..To compare the outcomes of non-posturing macular-hole surgery using sulfur hexafluoride (SF(6)) gas versus perfluoroethane (C(2)F(6)) for idiopathic macular hole repair. Design Interventional, comparative cohort study...
  29. Reibaldi M, Parravano M, Varano M, Longo A, Avitabile T, Uva M, et al. Foveal microstructure and functional parameters in lamellar macular hole. Am J Ophthalmol. 2012;154:974-980.e1 pubmed publisher
    ..To evaluate the morphologic features of the photoreceptor layer (by spectral-domain optical coherence tomography) and functional parameters in patients with a lamellar macular hole...
  30. Wu Y, Zhu W, Xu D, Li Y, Ba J, Zhang X, et al. Indocyanine green-assisted internal limiting membrane peeling in macular hole surgery: a meta-analysis. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e48405 pubmed publisher
    ..The opinion of application of indocyanine green (ICG) in the macular hole surgery was contradictory. Here we conducted a meta-analysis to evaluate the effect of in internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling for macular hole surgery...
  31. Scupola A, Mastrocola A, Sasso P, Fasciani R, Montrone L, Falsini B, et al. Assessment of retinal function before and after idiopathic macular hole surgery. Am J Ophthalmol. 2013;156:132-139.e1 pubmed publisher
    ..To evaluate preoperative and postoperative retinal function in patients who underwent macular surgery for idiopathic macular hole...
  32. Grigoropoulos V, Theodossiadis G, Theodossiadis P. Association of the preoperative photoreceptor layer defect as assessed by optical coherence tomography with the functional outcome after macular hole closure: a long follow-up study. Ophthalmologica. 2011;225:47-54 pubmed publisher
    ..to evaluate the correlation between the extent of the inner/outer segment (IS/OS) defect preoperatively and improvement in postoperative best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) associated with IS/OS line restoration...
  33. Lois N, Burr J, Norrie J, Vale L, Cook J, McDonald A, et al. Internal limiting membrane peeling versus no peeling for idiopathic full-thickness macular hole: a pragmatic randomized controlled trial. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2011;52:1586-92 pubmed publisher
    ..To determine whether internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling is effective and cost effective compared with no peeling in patients with idiopathic stage 2 or 3 full-thickness maculay hole (FTMH)...
  34. Shah S, Manjunath V, Rogers A, Baumal C, Reichel E, Duker J. Optical coherence tomography-guided facedown positioning for macular hole surgery. Retina. 2013;33:356-62 pubmed publisher
    ..To use spectral domain optical coherence tomography-guided duration of facedown positioning to study anatomical macular hole closure rates...
  35. Lai C, Wang N, Chuang L, Wu W, Yeung L, Hwang Y, et al. Blood clump-assisted vitrectomy and internal limiting membrane peeling for macular hole repair. Retina. 2011;31:2014-20 pubmed publisher
    ..To evaluate the efficacy and safety of using diluted autologous blood clumps to assist in vitrectomy and internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling for macular hole (MH) repair...
  36. Gaudric A, Aloulou Y, Tadayoni R, Massin P. Macular pseudoholes with lamellar cleavage of their edge remain pseudoholes. Am J Ophthalmol. 2013;155:733-42, 742.e1-4 pubmed publisher
    ..To reappraise macular pseudohole characteristics using spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) and characteristics and postoperative outcomes of macular pseudoholes...
  37. Jackson T, Donachie P, Sparrow J, Johnston R. United Kingdom National Ophthalmology Database study of vitreoretinal surgery: report 2, macular hole. Ophthalmology. 2013;120:629-634 pubmed publisher
    ..This may enable vitreoretinal surgeons to benchmark their case-mix and outcomes, and facilitate risk-benefit and cost-benefit analyses. ..
  38. García Fernández M, Navarro J, Sanz A, Castaño C. Long-term evolution of idiopathic lamellar macular holes and macular pseudoholes. Can J Ophthalmol. 2012;47:442-7 pubmed publisher
    ..To analyze the natural evolution of idiopathic lamellar macular holes (LMH) and macular pseudoholes (MPH) in the long term, based on optical coherence tomography (OCT) configuration and on best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) evolution...
  39. Kishimoto H, Kusuhara S, Matsumiya W, Nagai T, Negi A. Retinal surface imaging provided by Cirrus high-definition optical coherence tomography prominently visualizes a dissociated optic nerve fiber layer appearance after macular hole surgery. Int Ophthalmol. 2011;31:385-92 pubmed publisher
    ..Retinal surface imaging provided by Cirrus HD-OCT appeared to be a promising option in evaluating a DONFL appearance after MH surgery...
  40. Nadal J, Delas B, Piñero A. Vitrectomy without face-down posturing for idiopathic macular holes. Retina. 2012;32:918-21 pubmed publisher
    ..To report the results of vitrectomy with internal limiting membrane peeling and C3F8 tamponade for macular hole without postoperative face-down posturing in 208 eyes...
  41. Thompson J. The effect of internal limiting membrane removal and indocyanine green on the success of macular hole surgery. Trans Am Ophthalmol Soc. 2007;105:198-205; discussion 205-6 pubmed
    ..ICG staining and complete removal of the ILM slows the rate of visual recovery but does not appear to have any long-term deleterious effect on the results of macular hole surgery. ..
  42. Nicolo M, Ghiglione D, Calabria G. Retinal pigment epithelial tear following intravitreal injection of bevacizumab (Avastin). Eur J Ophthalmol. 2006;16:770-3 pubmed
    ..To report one case of retinal pigment epithelium tear following intravitreal bevacizumab injection for neovascular age-related macular degeneration...
  43. Wimpissinger B, Kellner L, Brannath W, Krepler K, Stolba U, Mihalics C, et al. 23-Gauge versus 20-gauge system for pars plana vitrectomy: a prospective randomised clinical trial. Br J Ophthalmol. 2008;92:1483-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Time of surgery is almost equal--a shorter time for wound closure is neutralised by a longer vitrectomy time in the 23-gauge group. ..
  44. Lappas A, Foerster A, Kirchhof B. Use of heavy silicone oil (Densiron-68) in the treatment of persistent macular holes. Acta Ophthalmol. 2009;87:866-70 pubmed publisher
    ..Retreatment of persisting macular holes with the heavy, longterm tamponade Densiron-68 resulted in anatomical closure of the hole in 11 of 12 cases. This result was accompanied by a functional improvement in VA in nine of 12 patients. ..
  45. Chang L, Sarraf D. Tears of the retinal pigment epithelium: an old problem in a new era. Retina. 2007;27:523-34 pubmed
    ..Patients with high-risk lesions, especially large irregular PED associated with CNV, should be counseled and monitored for this complication, which may limit visual prognosis. ..
  46. Christensen U, Krøyer K, Sander B, Larsen M, Henning V, Villumsen J, et al. Value of internal limiting membrane peeling in surgery for idiopathic macular hole stage 2 and 3: a randomised clinical trial. Br J Ophthalmol. 2009;93:1005-15 pubmed publisher
    ..Intraoperative ILM staining with 0.05% isotonic ICG was not associated with a significantly different visual outcome than non-peeling or TB peeling in eyes with primary hole closure. NCT00302328. ..
  47. Sano M, Shimoda Y, Hashimoto H, Kishi S. Restored photoreceptor outer segment and visual recovery after macular hole closure. Am J Ophthalmol. 2009;147:313-318.e1 pubmed publisher
    ..The visual outcomes were significantly better in eyes with a continuous IS/OS line than in those with a disrupted IS/OS line. ..
  48. McCannel C, Ensminger J, Diehl N, Hodge D. Population-based incidence of macular holes. Ophthalmology. 2009;116:1366-9 pubmed publisher
    ..3 to 1, and bilateral idiopathic macular holes occurred in 11.7% of patients and accounted for 20.9% of the affected eyes. This study uniquely determined the incidence of macular holes in a predominantly Caucasian population. ..
  49. Wang S, Xu L, Jonas J. Prevalence of full-thickness macular holes in urban and rural adult Chinese: the Beijing Eye Study. Am J Ophthalmol. 2006;141:589-91 pubmed
  50. Moroz I, Moisseiev J, Alhalel A. Optical coherence tomography predictors of retinal pigment epithelial tear following intravitreal bevacizumab injection. Ophthalmic Surg Lasers Imaging. 2009;40:570-5 pubmed publisher
    ..001). Indentations or minute interruptions and breaks in the RPE layer seen on OCT were correlated with increased risk of developing an RPE tear in patients with pigment epithelium detachment following treatment with bevacizumab. ..
  51. Chan C, Abraham P, Meyer C, Kokame G, Kaiser P, Rauser M, et al. Optical coherence tomography-measured pigment epithelial detachment height as a predictor for retinal pigment epithelial tears associated with intravitreal bevacizumab injections. Retina. 2010;30:203-11 pubmed publisher
    ..001]. Elevated preinjection vPED height is the single most significant predictor for RPE tears after bevacizumab injections for vPED eyes. A vPED height >400 microm is associated with a significant risk for such a complication. ..
  52. Singh R, Sears J. Retinal pigment epithelial tears after pegaptanib injection for exudative age-related macular degeneration. Am J Ophthalmol. 2006;142:160-2 pubmed
    ..To report two cases of retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) tears following intravitreal pegaptanib injections for occult choroidal neovascularization...
  53. Spandau U, Jonas J. Retinal pigment epithelium tear after intravitreal bevacizumab for exudative age-related macular degeneration. Am J Ophthalmol. 2006;142:1068-70 pubmed
    ..To report on the development of retinal pigment epithelium tears after intravitreal injections of bevacizumab as treatment of exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD)...
  54. Haritoglou C, Schumann R, Reiniger I, Rohleder M, Priglinger S, Kampik A, et al. Evaluation of the internal limiting membrane after conventional peeling during macular hole surgery. Retina. 2006;26:21-4 pubmed
    ..Because only tiny retinal cellular fragments were observed especially in ILM folds, we conclude that conventional ILM peeling can be performed safely with a cleavage plane between the retinal surface of the ILM and Müller cell endfeet...
  55. Michalewska Z, Michalewski J, Adelman R, Nawrocki J. Inverted internal limiting membrane flap technique for large macular holes. Ophthalmology. 2010;117:2018-25 pubmed publisher
    ..Flat-open macular holes are associated with limited visual acuity. This article presents a modification of the standard macular hole surgery to improve functional and anatomic outcomes in patients with large macular holes...
  56. Wakabayashi T, Fujiwara M, Sakaguchi H, Kusaka S, Oshima Y. Foveal microstructure and visual acuity in surgically closed macular holes: spectral-domain optical coherence tomographic analysis. Ophthalmology. 2010;117:1815-24 pubmed publisher
    ..To evaluate reconstructive changes in foveal microstructures and identify a correlation with visual outcomes in eyes with surgically closed macular holes (MHs)...
  57. Mavrofrides E, Smiddy W, Kitchens J, Salicone A, Feuer W. Indocyanine green-assisted internal limiting membrane peeling for macular holes: toxicity?. Retina. 2006;26:637-44 pubmed
    ..Indocyanine green (ICG) staining facilitates definitive internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling during macular hole surgery (MHS), but might cause toxicity...
  58. Johnson M. Perifoveal vitreous detachment and its macular complications. Trans Am Ophthalmol Soc. 2005;103:537-67 pubmed
    ..To evaluate the vitreoretinal relationship in eyes with idiopathic macular disorders putatively caused by vitreomacular traction associated with early stages of age-related posterior vitreous detachment (PVD)...
  59. Von Fricken M, Kunjukunju N, Weber C, Ko G. 25-Gauge sutureless vitrectomy versus 20-gauge vitrectomy for the repair of primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment. Retina. 2009;29:444-50 pubmed publisher
    ..To compare the anatomic and visual results and complications of 25-gauge transconjunctival sutureless vitrectomy versus conventional 20-gauge vitrectomy for the management of primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment...
  60. Scartozzi R, Bessa A, Gupta O, Regillo C. Intraoperative sclerotomy-related retinal breaks for macular surgery, 20- vs 25-gauge vitrectomy systems. Am J Ophthalmol. 2007;143:155-6 pubmed
    ..To compare the rate of intraoperative sclerotomy-related retinal breaks (SRRB) between 20- and 25-gauge vitrectomy systems for the correction of macular pucker (MP) and macular hole (MH)...
  61. Hwang J, Escariao P, Iranmanesh R, Tosi G, Chang S. Outcomes of macular hole surgery in patients treated intraoperatively for retinal breaks and/or lattice degeneration. Retina. 2007;27:1243-8 pubmed
    ..To assess the outcome of macular hole surgery in patients treated intraoperatively for retinal breaks and/or lattice degeneration...
  62. Michalewska Z, Michalewski J, Sikorski B, Kałuzny J, Wojtkowski M, Adelman R, et al. A study of macular hole formation by serial spectral optical coherence tomography. Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 2009;37:373-83 pubmed publisher
    ..The purpose of this paper is to evaluate changes of the vitreoretinal interface in fellow eyes of eyes with a macular hole and to study early stages of macular hole formation by spectral optical coherence tomography (SOCT)...
  63. Schaal S, Barr C. Management of macular holes: a comparison of 1-year outcomes of 3 surgical techniques. Retina. 2009;29:1091-6 pubmed publisher
    ..To evaluate the contribution of internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling with and without indocyanine green (ICG) to hole closure and functional results in patients with idiopathic macular hole...
  64. Fukukita M, Sasoh M, Matsubara H, Furuta M, Okawa C, Ito Y, et al. Triamcinolone acetonide remaining on the fovea after successful macular hole closure. Retina. 2007;27:122-3 pubmed
  65. Valldeperas X, Wong D. Is it worth reoperating on macular holes?. Ophthalmology. 2008;115:158-63 pubmed
    ..To evaluate the visual outcome after a second surgical attempt to close idiopathic full-thickness macular holes (FTMH) in patients who underwent unsuccessful primary surgery and in patients with reopened FTMHs...
  66. Chen Y, Chen T, Chao A, Wu W, Lai C. Surgical management of traumatic macular hole-related retinal detachment. Am J Ophthalmol. 2005;140:331-3 pubmed
    ..To investigate the clinical characteristics and surgical outcome of traumatic macular hole-related retinal detachment...