Summary: The normal decreasing elasticity of the crystalline lens that leads to loss of accommodation.

Top Publications

  1. Brian G, du Toit R, Ramke J, Palagyi A. Monitoring and evaluation of refractive error and presbyopia for Vision 2020. Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 2010;38:249-54; quiz 327-9 pubmed publisher
    To develop output and outcome indicators for the correction of refractive error and presbyopia to a level comparable with those advocated by Vision 2020 for cataract...
  2. Pepin S. Neuroadaptation of presbyopia-correcting intraocular lenses. Curr Opin Ophthalmol. 2008;19:10-2 pubmed
    ..Attempts to correct presbyopia with intraocular lenses add complexity to the pathway with the possible introduction of monovision or ..
  3. Mayer S, Bohm T, Haberle H, Pham D, Wirbelauer C. [Combined implantation of monofocal and multifocal intraocular lenses for presbyopia correction in cataract patients]. Klin Monbl Augenheilkd. 2008;225:812-7 pubmed publisher
  4. Ramke J, Brian G, Naduvilath T. Refractive error and presbyopia in timor-leste: the impact of 5 years of a national spectacle program. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2012;53:434-9 pubmed publisher
    To characterize refractive error, presbyopia, and spectacle correction among adults aged ?40 years in Timor-Leste in 2010 and examine the impact of the National Spectacle Program by comparing results to those obtained 5 years earlier...
  5. Schumacher S, Oberheide U, Fromm M, Ripken T, Ertmer W, Gerten G, et al. Femtosecond laser induced flexibility change of human donor lenses. Vision Res. 2009;49:1853-9 pubmed publisher
    ..A permanent treatment method for presbyopia which offers a dynamic accommodation ability is a recent field of study...
  6. Hersh P. Optics of conductive keratoplasty: implications for presbyopia management. Trans Am Ophthalmol Soc. 2005;103:412-56 pubmed
    ..define the corneal optics of conductive keratoplasty (CK) and assess the clinical implications for hyperopia and presbyopia management. Four analyses were done...
  7. Macsai M, Fontes B. Refractive enhancement following presbyopia-correcting intraocular lens implantation. Curr Opin Ophthalmol. 2008;19:18-21 pubmed
    b>Presbyopia-correcting intraocular lenses are widely available. Residual ametropia is one of the most common issues that can result in patient dissatisfaction...
  8. Lichtinger A, Rootman D. Intraocular lenses for presbyopia correction: past, present, and future. Curr Opin Ophthalmol. 2012;23:40-6 pubmed publisher
    To discuss the development of presbyopia-correcting intraocular lenses (IOLs), what we have learned since their introduction a few decades ago, what are the options currently on the market, and where the technology is heading in the ..
  9. Uy E, Go R. Pseudoaccommodative cornea treatment using the NIDEK EC-5000 CXIII excimer laser in myopic and hyperopic presbyopes. J Refract Surg. 2009;25:S148-55 pubmed
    ..LASIK to create a distant-dominant center and near-dominant periphery in hyperopic, myopic, and emmetropic presbyopia. One hundred ninety-five eyes with myopic presbyopia and 119 eyes with hyperopic or emmetropic presbyopia that ..

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  1. Baumeister M, Kohnen T. [Accommodation and presbyopia : part 1: physiology of accommodation and development of presbyopia]. Ophthalmologe. 2008;105:597-608; quiz 609-10 pubmed publisher
    ..The ability to accommodate is gradually lost with age (presbyopia)...
  2. Olson R. Presbyopia correcting intraocular lenses: what do I do?. Am J Ophthalmol. 2008;145:593-4 pubmed publisher
  3. Marmamula S, Keeffe J, Rao G. Uncorrected refractive errors, presbyopia and spectacle coverage: results from a rapid assessment of refractive error survey. Ophthalmic Epidemiol. 2009;16:269-74 pubmed
    To investigate the prevalence of uncorrected refractive errors, presbyopia and spectacle coverage in subjects aged 15-50 years using rapid assessment methodology in the Mahabubnagar district of Andhra Pradesh, India.
  4. Tabernero J, Artal P. Optical modeling of a corneal inlay in real eyes to increase depth of focus: optimum centration and residual defocus. J Cataract Refract Surg. 2012;38:270-7 pubmed publisher
    ..To improve optical outcomes with the inlay, some small residual myopia and correction of corneal astigmatism might be required. ..
  5. Menassa N, Fitting A, Auffarth G, Holzer M. Visual outcomes and corneal changes after intrastromal femtosecond laser correction of presbyopia. J Cataract Refract Surg. 2012;38:765-73 pubmed publisher
    To assess the effect of intrastromal femtosecond laser presbyopia treatment on uncorrected near visual acuity (UNVA) and corneal integrity over an 18-month period.
  6. Croft M, McDonald J, Katz A, Lin T, Lütjen Drecoll E, Kaufman P. Extralenticular and lenticular aspects of accommodation and presbyopia in human versus monkey eyes. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2013;54:5035-48 pubmed publisher
    ..including those stated in the objectives above-are most important in predicting accommodative amplitude and presbyopia. Accommodation was induced pharmacologically in 12 visually normal human subjects (ages 19-65 years) and by ..
  7. Braun E, Lee J, Steinert R. Monovision in LASIK. Ophthalmology. 2008;115:1196-202 pubmed
    ..The distance vision eye in the monovision patient may have a lower tolerance for residual refractive error and require a higher rate of enhancements than a standard laser vision correction patient. ..
  8. Seyeddain O, Hohensinn M, Riha W, Nix G, Rückl T, Grabner G, et al. Small-aperture corneal inlay for the correction of presbyopia: 3-year follow-up. J Cataract Refract Surg. 2012;38:35-45 pubmed publisher
    ..These 3-year results support the safety and efficacy of the corneal inlay to correct presbyopia in naturally emmetropic presbyopic patients. However, despite a significant gain in UNVA and UIVA, 28...
  9. Jackson W, Tuan K, Mintsioulis G. Aspheric wavefront-guided LASIK to treat hyperopic presbyopia: 12-month results with the VISX platform. J Refract Surg. 2011;27:519-29 pubmed publisher
    ..eyes of 33 hyperopic patients who underwent customized bilateral refractive surgery, which included an aspheric presbyopia treatment shape and wavefront-driven hyperopic treatment, was studied...
  10. McDonald M, Durrie D, Asbell P, Maloney R, Nichamin L. Treatment of presbyopia with conductive keratoplasty: six-month results of the 1-year United States FDA clinical trial. Cornea. 2004;23:661-8 pubmed
    ..CK appears to be very safe and effective in producing functional visual acuity in presbyopic eyes up to 6 months following the procedure. Patient satisfaction with the procedure is similar to that of monovision LASIK. ..
  11. Bouzoukis D, Kymionis G, Limnopoulou A, Kounis G, Pallikaris I. Femtosecond laser-assisted corneal pocket creation using a mask for inlay implantation. J Refract Surg. 2011;27:818-20 pubmed publisher
    ..of a corneal inlay in the non-dominant eye of a 56-year-old, emmetropic, presbyopic woman for the correction of presbyopia. Using the iFlap treatment-type software of the femtosecond laser (IntraLase 150, Abbott Medical Optics), a full ..
  12. Ayoubi M, Leccisotti A, Goodall E, McGilligan V, Moore T. Femtosecond laser in situ keratomileusis versus conductive keratoplasty to obtain monovision in patients with emmetropic presbyopia. J Cataract Refract Surg. 2010;36:997-1002 pubmed publisher
    ..02). In emmetropic presbyopic cases, femtosecond LASIK monovision provided stable correction with less induced astigmatism and HOA. Eyes with CK monovision had regression and induced astigmatism. ..
  13. Durrie D, McMinn P. Computer-based primary visual cortex training for treatment of low myopia and early presbyopia. Trans Am Ophthalmol Soc. 2007;105:132-8; discussion 138-40 pubmed
    ..visual acuity (UCVA) and unaided contrast sensitivity function (CSF) in patients with low myopia or early presbyopia was evaluated. Seventeen patients with low myopia (up to -1...
  14. Farid M, Steinert R. Patient selection for monovision laser refractive surgery. Curr Opin Ophthalmol. 2009;20:251-4 pubmed publisher
    ..Patient selection based on multiple preoperative characteristics is vitally important to the overall success and patient satisfaction. ..
  15. Dick H. Accommodative intraocular lenses: current status. Curr Opin Ophthalmol. 2005;16:8-26 pubmed
    ..The potential clinical benefits of accommodative IOL technology for both cataract patients and refractive patients may place accommodative IOLs in a competitive position with multifocal IOL technology. ..
  16. Charman W. The eye in focus: accommodation and presbyopia. Clin Exp Optom. 2008;91:207-25 pubmed publisher
    ..Other factors may also contribute in an, as yet, unquantified way and a full understanding of the origins of presbyopic change remains elusive. ..
  17. Fitting A, Menassa N, Auffarth G, Holzer M. [Effect of intrastromal correction of presbyopia with femtosecond laser (INTRACOR) on mesopic contrast sensitivity]. Ophthalmologe. 2012;109:1001-7 pubmed publisher
    ..mesopic contrast sensitivity (CS) and glare sensitivity following intrastromal femtosecond laser correction of presbyopia (INTRACOR)...
  18. Thomas B, Fitting A, Auffarth G, Holzer M. Femtosecond laser correction of presbyopia (INTRACOR) in emmetropes using a modified pattern. J Refract Surg. 2012;28:872-8 pubmed publisher
    To evaluate functional results and corneal changes after femtosecond laser correction of presbyopia (INTRACOR, Technolas Perfect Vision GmbH) in emmetropes using a modified treatment pattern over a 12-month period...
  19. Ito M, Asano Kato N, Fukagawa K, Arai H, Toda I, Tsubota K. Ocular integrity after anterior ciliary sclerotomy and scleral ablation by the Er:YAG laser. J Refract Surg. 2005;21:77-81 pubmed
    To establish the risk of ocular rupture after proposed surgical reversal of presbyopia by anterior ciliary sclerotomy (ACS) or by the Er:YAG laser (HOYA Continuum, Tokyo, Japan). A total of 45 pig eyes (15 control eyes) were examined...
  20. Yilmaz O, Alagoz N, Pekel G, Azman E, Aksoy E, Cakir H, et al. Intracorneal inlay to correct presbyopia: Long-term results. J Cataract Refract Surg. 2011;37:1275-81 pubmed publisher
    ..Clinical trial. This study comprised patients with emmetropic or post-laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) presbyopia. Patients had an uncorrected near visual acuity (UNVA) of 20/40 or worse, correctable to 20/25 or better at ..
  21. Brian G, Pearce M, Ramke J. Refractive error and presbyopia among adults in Fiji. Ophthalmic Epidemiol. 2011;18:75-82 pubmed publisher
    To characterize refractive error, presbyopia and their correction among adults aged ? 40 years in Fiji, and contribute to a regional overview of these conditions.
  22. Moshirfar M, Anderson E, Hsu M, Armenia J, Mifflin M. Comparing the rate of regression after conductive keratoplasty with or without prior laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis or photorefractive keratectomy. Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol. 2012;19:377-81 pubmed publisher
    ..To assess the regression rate of conductive keratoplasty (CK) in patients with or without previous laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) or photorefractive keratectomy (PRK)...
  23. Alio J, Tavolato M, de la Hoz F, Claramonte P, Rodriguez Prats J, Galal A. Near vision restoration with refractive lens exchange and pseudoaccommodating and multifocal refractive and diffractive intraocular lenses: comparative clinical study. J Cataract Refract Surg. 2004;30:2494-503 pubmed
    ..To evaluate near visual performance after implantation of a pseudoaccommodating intraocular lens (IOL) (Crystalens AT-45, eyeonics) or a multifocal IOL (refractive model, AMO Array; diffractive model, AcriTec TwinSet) after lens surgery...
  24. Dexl A, Seyeddain O, Riha W, Hohensinn M, Rückl T, Reischl V, et al. One-year visual outcomes and patient satisfaction after surgical correction of presbyopia with an intracorneal inlay of a new design. J Cataract Refract Surg. 2012;38:262-9 pubmed publisher
    ..To evaluate the safety and efficacy of the third-generation Kamra corneal inlay (ACI 7000PDT) implanted monocularly in corneal pockets of emmetropic presbyopic patients to improve near and intermediate vision...
  25. Dexl A, Seyeddain O, Riha W, Hohensinn M, Rückl T, Hitzl W, et al. Reading performance after implantation of a modified corneal inlay design for the surgical correction of presbyopia: 1-year follow-up. Am J Ophthalmol. 2012;153:994-1001.e2 pubmed publisher
    ..To evaluate change in different reading performance parameters after monocular ACI7000PDT corneal inlay implantation for the improvement of near and intermediate vision...
  26. Schachar R. The mechanism of accommodation and presbyopia. Int Ophthalmol Clin. 2006;46:39-61 pubmed
  27. Malyugin B, Antonian S, Lohman B. Anterior ciliary sclerotomy using collagen T-shaped implants for treatment of presbyopia. Ann Ophthalmol (Skokie). 2008;40:130-6 pubmed
    ..The study revealed that anterior ciliary sclerotomy with collagen T-shaped implants for the treatment of presbyopia is a safe procedure, but the effect is temporary and diminishes with time.
  28. Yilmaz O, Bayraktar S, Agca A, Yilmaz B, McDonald M, van de Pol C. Intracorneal inlay for the surgical correction of presbyopia. J Cataract Refract Surg. 2008;34:1921-7 pubmed publisher
    ..To evaluate the clinical safety and efficacy of the ACI-7000 intracorneal inlay in increasing the depth of field in emmetropic presbyopic patients...
  29. Truscott R. Presbyopia. Emerging from a blur towards an understanding of the molecular basis for this most common eye condition. Exp Eye Res. 2009;88:241-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Understanding such processes may allow us to glimpse the origin both of presbyopia and age-related nuclear cataract.
  30. Holden B, Fricke T, Ho S, Wong R, Schlenther G, Cronjé S, et al. Global vision impairment due to uncorrected presbyopia. Arch Ophthalmol. 2008;126:1731-9 pubmed publisher
    To evaluate the personal and community burdens of uncorrected presbyopia.
  31. Marmamula S, Madala S, Rao G. Prevalence of uncorrected refractive errors, presbyopia and spectacle coverage in marine fishing communities in South India: Rapid Assessment of Visual Impairment (RAVI) project. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt. 2012;32:149-55 pubmed publisher
    To investigate the prevalence of uncorrected refractive errors, presbyopia and spectacle coverage in subjects aged 40 years or more using a novel Rapid Assessment of Visual Impairment (RAVI) methodology.
  32. Alarcón A, Anera R, del Barco L, Jiménez J. Designing multifocal corneal models to correct presbyopia by laser ablation. J Biomed Opt. 2012;17:018001 pubmed publisher
    Two multifocal corneal models and an aspheric model designed to correct presbyopia by corneal photoablation were evaluated...
  33. Bourne R. Uncorrected refractive error and presbyopia: accommodating the unmet need. Br J Ophthalmol. 2007;91:848-50 pubmed
  34. Burd H, Wilde G, Judge S. Can reliable values of Young's modulus be deduced from Fisher's (1971) spinning lens measurements?. Vision Res. 2006;46:1346-60 pubmed
    The current textbook view of the causes of presbyopia rests very largely on a series of experiments reported by R.F...
  35. Zheleznyak L, Kim M, Macrae S, Yoon G. Impact of corneal aberrations on through-focus image quality of presbyopia-correcting intraocular lenses using an adaptive optics bench system. J Cataract Refract Surg. 2012;38:1724-33 pubmed publisher
    To measure the impact of corneal aberrations on the through-focus image quality of presbyopia-correcting intraocular lenses (IOLs) using an adaptive optics IOL metrology system.
  36. Dexl A, Seyeddain O, Riha W, Rückl T, Bachernegg A, Emesz M, et al. Reading performance and patient satisfaction after corneal inlay implantation for presbyopia correction: two-year follow-up. J Cataract Refract Surg. 2012;38:1808-16 pubmed publisher
    To evaluate change in reading performance parameters after monocular Kamra corneal inlay implantation for the surgical correction of presbyopia.
  37. Stahl J. Conductive keratoplasty for presbyopia: 3-year results. J Refract Surg. 2007;23:905-10 pubmed
    To assess the long-term safety, efficacy, and stability of conductive keratoplasty (CK) in the treatment of presbyopia.
  38. Holzer M, Mannsfeld A, Ehmer A, Auffarth G. Early outcomes of INTRACOR femtosecond laser treatment for presbyopia. J Refract Surg. 2009;25:855-61 pubmed publisher
    To investigate early functional outcomes of the INTRACOR femtosecond laser-based intrastromal procedure to treat presbyopia.
  39. Garza E, Gomez S, Chayet A, Dishler J. One-year safety and efficacy results of a hydrogel inlay to improve near vision in patients with emmetropic presbyopia. J Refract Surg. 2013;29:166-72 pubmed publisher
    To conduct a feasibility study of the safety and efficacy of a corneal contouring inlay as a treatment for emmetropic presbyopia.
  40. Reinstein D, Couch D, Archer T. LASIK for hyperopic astigmatism and presbyopia using micro-monovision with the Carl Zeiss Meditec MEL80 platform. J Refract Surg. 2009;25:37-58 pubmed
    To evaluate the monocular and binocular outcomes of LASIK for a micro-monovision protocol for the correction of hyperopic astigmatism and presbyopia.
  41. Taneri S, Oehler S. Keratectasia after treating presbyopia with INTRACOR followed by SUPRACOR enhancement. J Refract Surg. 2013;29:573-6 pubmed publisher
    To report a case of unilateral keratectasia after INTRACOR, which was followed by an additional excimer LASIK enhancement with a new presbyopia-correcting ablation profile.
  42. Ryan A, O Keefe M. Corneal approach to hyperopic presbyopia treatment: six-month outcomes of a new multifocal excimer laser in situ keratomileusis procedure. J Cataract Refract Surg. 2013;39:1226-33 pubmed publisher
    To report the safety and efficacy of treatment of hyperopic presbyopia with a new multifocal corneal laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) procedure, Supracor.
  43. El Danasoury A, Gamaly T, Hantera M. Multizone LASIK with peripheral near zone for correction of presbyopia in myopic and hyperopic eyes: 1-year results. J Refract Surg. 2009;25:296-305 pubmed
    ..To investigate the refractive outcomes of multifocal LASIK to create a center far, peripheral near zone in presbyopes...
  44. Limnopoulou A, Bouzoukis D, Kymionis G, Panagopoulou S, Plainis S, Pallikaris A, et al. Visual outcomes and safety of a refractive corneal inlay for presbyopia using femtosecond laser. J Refract Surg. 2013;29:12-8 pubmed publisher
    To evaluate the outcomes and safety of a refractive inlay (Flexivue Micro-Lens, Presbia Coöperatief U.A.) for the corneal compensation of presbyopia.
  45. Lafuma A, Berdeaux G. Modelling lifetime cost consequences of ReSTOR for presbyopia in four European countries. Eye (Lond). 2009;23:1072-80 pubmed publisher
    ..To compare the lifetime cost consequences, in France, Italy, Germany and Spain, of liberating presbyopic patients from spectacles by implanting the multifocal intraocular lens ReSTOR...
  46. Barisić A, Dekaris I, Gabric N, Bohac M, Romac I, Mravicić I, et al. Comparison of diffractive and refractive multifocal intraocular lenses in presbyopia treatment. Coll Antropol. 2008;32 Suppl 2:27-31 pubmed
    ..Multifocal), (N=100 eyes, 50 patients) and refractive (ReZoom), (N=100 eyes, 50 patients) MFIOL to patients with presbyopia and hyperopia...
  47. Santhiago M, Barbosa F, Agrawal V, Binder P, Christie B, Wilson S. Short-term cell death and inflammation after intracorneal inlay implantation in rabbits. J Refract Surg. 2012;28:144-9 pubmed publisher
    To investigate the cell death and inflammatory response to insertion of the KAMRA inlay (AcuFocus Inc) for presbyopia.
  48. Gatinel D. [Presbyopia surgery]. Rev Prat. 2008;58:1049-54 pubmed
    b>Presbyopia surgery is a compensation option which aims at creating an increased depth of field. Monovision preserves a good close-vision quality for myopes...
  49. Maxwell W, Waycaster C, D Souza A, Meissner B, Hileman K. A United States cost-benefit comparison of an apodized, diffractive, presbyopia-correcting, multifocal intraocular lens and a conventional monofocal lens. J Cataract Refract Surg. 2008;34:1855-61 pubmed publisher
    To demonstrate the value, from the patient's perspective, of an apodized, diffractive, presbyopia-correcting multifocal intraocular lens (MF-IOL) compared to a conventional monofocal intraocular lens (CM-IOL).
  50. Pepose J, Wang D, Altmann G. Comparison of through-focus image sharpness across five presbyopia-correcting intraocular lenses. Am J Ophthalmol. 2012;154:20-28.e1 pubmed publisher
    To assess through-focus polychromatic image sharpness of 5 FDA-approved presbyopia-correcting intraocular lenses (IOLs) through a range of object vergences and pupil diameters using an image sharpness algorithm.
  51. Ramke J, Du Toit R, Palagyi A, Brian G, Naduvilath T. Correction of refractive error and presbyopia in Timor-Leste. Br J Ophthalmol. 2007;91:860-6 pubmed
    To investigate the aspects of spectacle correction of vision-impairing refractive error and presbyopia in those aged >or=40 years in Timor-Leste.
  52. Heys K, Friedrich M, Truscott R. Presbyopia and heat: changes associated with aging of the human lens suggest a functional role for the small heat shock protein, alpha-crystallin, in maintaining lens flexibility. Aging Cell. 2007;6:807-15 pubmed
    b>Presbyopia, the inability to focus up close, affects everyone by age 50 and is the most common eye condition. It is thought to result from changes to the lens over time making it less flexible...
  53. Croft M, Kaufman P. Accommodation and presbyopia: the ciliary neuromuscular view. Ophthalmol Clin North Am. 2006;19:13-24, v pubmed
    b>Presbyopia (literally, "old eye"), the age-related loss of the ability to accommodate, is the most common ocular affliction in the world...
  54. Lu Q, He W, Murthy G, He X, Congdon N, Zhang L, et al. Presbyopia and near-vision impairment in rural northern China. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2011;52:2300-5 pubmed publisher
    b>Presbyopia limits activities of daily living, but population-based data from rural China are scarce.
  55. Laviers H, Omar F, Jecha H, Kassim G, Gilbert C. Presbyopic spectacle coverage, willingness to pay for near correction, and the impact of correcting uncorrected presbyopia in adults in Zanzibar, East Africa. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2010;51:1234-41 pubmed publisher
    To assess presbyopic spectacle coverage, willingness to pay, and the impact of correcting uncorrected presbyopia in individuals 40 years of age and older in Zanzibar and whether assessment of presbyopia can be incorporated into Rapid ..
  56. Patel I, Munoz B, Burke A, Kayongoya A, McHiwa W, Schwarzwalder A, et al. Impact of presbyopia on quality of life in a rural African setting. Ophthalmology. 2006;113:728-34 pubmed
    To determine the impact of uncorrected presbyopia on quality of life in rural Tanzania.
  57. Alio J, Amparo F, Ortiz D, Moreno L. Corneal multifocality with excimer laser for presbyopia correction. Curr Opin Ophthalmol. 2009;20:264-71 pubmed
    ..To offer a comprehensive perspective on corneal multifocality created by excimer laser surgery, with the different approaches used for the purpose and its reported outcomes...
  58. Agresta B, Knorz M, Kohnen T, Donatti C, Jackson D. Distance and near visual acuity improvement after implantation of multifocal intraocular lenses in cataract patients with presbyopia: a systematic review. J Refract Surg. 2012;28:426-35 pubmed publisher
  59. Luger M, Ewering T, Arba Mosquera S. One-year experience in presbyopia correction with biaspheric multifocal central presbyopia laser in situ keratomileusis. Cornea. 2013;32:644-52 pubmed publisher
    ..To analyze simultaneous vision (distance and near) 1-year after biaspheric multifocal central presbyLASIK treatments for hyperopia and myopia with or without astigmatism...
  60. Seyeddain O, Bachernegg A, Riha W, Rückl T, Reitsamer H, Grabner G, et al. Femtosecond laser-assisted small-aperture corneal inlay implantation for corneal compensation of presbyopia: two-year follow-up. J Cataract Refract Surg. 2013;39:234-41 pubmed publisher
  61. Telandro A. Pseudo-accommodative cornea: a new concept for correction of presbyopia. J Refract Surg. 2004;20:S714-7 pubmed
    Efficacy, predictability, stability, and safety of multifocal ablation with a peripheral near zone for correction of myopia, hyperopia, and presbyopia was assessed.
  62. Alio J, Abbouda A, Huseynli S, Knorz M, Homs M, Durrie D. Removability of a small aperture intracorneal inlay for presbyopia correction. J Refract Surg. 2013;29:550-6 pubmed publisher
    ..To evaluate the safety of the corneal inlay removal procedure and the reversibility of visual acuities, corneal topography, and corneal biomicroscopy changes in a series of cases...
  63. Burd H, Wilde G, Judge S. An improved spinning lens test to determine the stiffness of the human lens. Exp Eye Res. 2011;92:28-39 pubmed publisher
    It is widely accepted that age-related changes in lens stiffness are significant for the development of presbyopia. However, precise details on the relative importance of age-related changes in the stiffness of the lens, in comparison ..
  64. Maxwell W, Lane S, Zhou F. Performance of presbyopia-correcting intraocular lenses in distance optical bench tests. J Cataract Refract Surg. 2009;35:166-71 pubmed publisher
    To compare the optical performance of 6 presbyopia-correcting intraocular lenses (IOLs) of different designs (accommodating or multifocal and aspheric or spheric).
  65. Polat U. Making perceptual learning practical to improve visual functions. Vision Res. 2009;49:2566-73 pubmed publisher
    ..learning method that previously used (amblyopia, myopia) and a novel technique and results that were applied for presbyopia. In general, subjects were trained for contrast detection of Gabor targets under lateral masking conditions...
  66. Epstein R, Gurgos M. Presbyopia treatment by monocular peripheral presbyLASIK. J Refract Surg. 2009;25:516-23 pubmed
    To investigate monocular peripheral presbyLASIK on the non-dominant eye with distance-directed monofocal refractive surgery on the dominant eye in treating presbyopia.
  67. Tomita M, Kanamori T, Waring G, Yukawa S, Yamamoto T, Sekiya K, et al. Simultaneous corneal inlay implantation and laser in situ keratomileusis for presbyopia in patients with hyperopia, myopia, or emmetropia: six-month results. J Cataract Refract Surg. 2012;38:495-506 pubmed publisher
    To evaluate the safety and efficacy of simultaneous Kamra corneal inlay implantation and laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) for the treatment of presbyopia in emmetropic, hyperopic, or myopic patients.
  68. Meister D, Fisher S. Progress in the spectacle correction of presbyopia. Part 2: Modern progressive lens technologies. Clin Exp Optom. 2008;91:251-64 pubmed publisher
  69. Pepose J. Maximizing satisfaction with presbyopia-correcting intraocular lenses: the missing links. Am J Ophthalmol. 2008;146:641-8 pubmed publisher
    To critically analyze recent studies of presbyopia-correcting intraocular lenses (IOLs) and to examine opportunities to enhance patient satisfaction further.
  70. Rosen A, Denham D, Fernandez V, Borja D, Ho A, Manns F, et al. In vitro dimensions and curvatures of human lenses. Vision Res. 2006;46:1002-9 pubmed
    ..Together, these observations provide additional support for the Helmholtz theory of accommodation...
  71. Dexl A, Ruckhofer J, Riha W, Hohensinn M, Rueckl T, Messmer E, et al. Central and peripheral corneal iron deposits after implantation of a small-aperture corneal inlay for correction of presbyopia. J Refract Surg. 2011;27:876-80 pubmed publisher
    To describe central and peripheral corneal iron deposition after implantation of the AcuFocus corneal inlay (ACI 7000, AcuFocus Inc) for the surgical correction of presbyopia.
  72. Klaproth O, Titke C, Baumeister M, Kohnen T. [Accommodative intraocular lenses--principles of clinical evaluation and current results]. Klin Monbl Augenheilkd. 2011;228:666-75 pubmed publisher
    A potential option for the correction of presbyopia after cataract extraction or refractive lens exchange is the implantation of accommodative intraocular lenses (IOL)...
  73. Strenk S, Strenk L, Koretz J. The mechanism of presbyopia. Prog Retin Eye Res. 2005;24:379-93 pubmed
    ..Accommodative loss begins during childhood, with symptomatic presbyopia, or presbyopia that affects one's day to day activities, striking during midlife...
  74. Reinstein D, Carp G, Archer T, Gobbe M. LASIK for presbyopia correction in emmetropic patients using aspheric ablation profiles and a micro-monovision protocol with the Carl Zeiss Meditec MEL 80 and VisuMax. J Refract Surg. 2012;28:531-41 pubmed publisher
    To evaluate the monocular and binocular visual outcomes of LASIK with an aspheric micro-mono-vision protocol in emmetropic patients with presbyopia.
  75. Dexl A, Seyeddain O, Riha W, Hohensinn M, Hitzl W, Grabner G. Reading performance after implantation of a small-aperture corneal inlay for the surgical correction of presbyopia: Two-year follow-up. J Cataract Refract Surg. 2011;37:525-31 pubmed publisher
    ..To evaluate the change in reading-performance parameters after implantation of the Kamra small-aperture intracorneal inlay over a 2-year follow-up...
  76. Hengerer F, Bocker J, Dick B, Conrad Hengerer I. [Light adjustable lens. New options for customized correction of presbyopia]. Ophthalmologe. 2012;109:676-82 pubmed publisher
    The aim of this study was a prospective evaluation of new algorithms for the treatment of presbyopia using a light-adjustable intraocular lens (LAL).
  77. Kashani S, Mearza A, Claoué C. Refractive lens exchange for presbyopia. Cont Lens Anterior Eye. 2008;31:117-21 pubmed publisher
    True presbyopia correction still remains one of the main challenges amongst eye professionals...
  78. Callina T, Reynolds T. Traditional methods for the treatment of presbyopia: spectacles, contact lenses, bifocal contact lenses. Ophthalmol Clin North Am. 2006;19:25-33, v pubmed
    Today, many options are available for the correction of presbyopia. New technology perpetually surfaces to offer better ideas and designs to meet the visual demands of the presbyopic population...
  79. Burke A, Patel I, Munoz B, Kayongoya A, McHiwa W, Schwarzwalder A, et al. Population-based study of presbyopia in rural Tanzania. Ophthalmology. 2006;113:723-7 pubmed
    To determine the prevalence of presbyopia in a rural African population.
  80. Baikoff G. Surgical treatment of presbyopia: scleral, corneal, and lenticular. Curr Opin Ophthalmol. 2004;15:365-9 pubmed
    ..most of the problems concerning myopia, hyperopia, and astigmatism, it is perfectly understandable that the surgical treatment of presbyopia should be next on the agenda. It is a new challenge where every possible aspect is explored.
  81. Alio J, Chaubard J, Caliz A, Sala E, Patel S. Correction of presbyopia by technovision central multifocal LASIK (presbyLASIK). J Refract Surg. 2006;22:453-60 pubmed
    ..To investigate central multifocal presbyLASIK based on the creation of a central hyperpositive area...
  82. Haran M, Lord S, Cameron I, Ivers R, Simpson J, Lee B, et al. Preventing falls in older multifocal glasses wearers by providing single-lens distance glasses: the protocol for the VISIBLE randomised controlled trial. BMC Geriatr. 2009;9:10 pubmed publisher
    ..We will also measure the effect of the intervention on health status, lifestyle activities and fear of falling, as well as the extent of adherence to the program...