Summary: Inflammation of the lacrimal sac. (Dorland, 27th ed)

Top Publications

  1. Zoukhri D, Fix A, Alroy J, Kublin C. Mechanisms of murine lacrimal gland repair after experimentally induced inflammation. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2008;49:4399-406 pubmed publisher
    ..The lacrimal gland contains stem/progenitor cells capable of tissue repair after injury. Programmed cell death after injury triggers proliferation and differentiation of these cells, presumably through activation of the BMP7 pathway. ..
  2. Kodsi S. Community-acquired methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in association with chronic dacryocystitis secondary to congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction. J AAPOS. 2006;10:583-4 pubmed
    ..MRSA has been reported to occur in dacryocystitis in the adult population...
  3. Sun X, Liang Q, Luo S, Wang Z, Li R, Jin X. Microbiological analysis of chronic dacryocystitis. Ophthalmic Physiol Opt. 2005;25:261-3 pubmed
    To investigate the microbiology of specimens from patients with chronic dacryocystitis.
  4. Zhu Z, Stevenson D, Schechter J, Mircheff A, Atkinson R, Trousdale M. Lacrimal histopathology and ocular surface disease in a rabbit model of autoimmune dacryoadenitis. Cornea. 2003;22:25-32 pubmed
    ..To study the effects of induced autoimmune dacryoadenitis on lacrimal gland function, histopathology, and ocular surface disease in a rabbit model...
  5. Saeed B. Endoscopic DCR without stents: clinical guidelines and procedure. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2012;269:545-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Success was determined by symptomatic relief of epiphora and dacryocystitis, together with the endoscopic findings of free passage of the fluorescein dye that is applied to the ..
  6. Zoukhri D. Effect of inflammation on lacrimal gland function. Exp Eye Res. 2006;82:885-98 pubmed
  7. Das J, Das D, Deka A, Delia A, Kuri G, Uuri G, et al. Bacteriology of chronic dacryocystitis in adult population of northeast India. Orbit. 2008;27:243-7 pubmed publisher
    To determine the pattern of bacteriology of chronic dacryocystitis in the Northeast Indian population and compare it with previous studies.
  8. Briscoe D, Rubowitz A, Assia E. Changing bacterial isolates and antibiotic sensitivities of purulent dacryocystitis. Orbit. 2005;24:29-32 pubmed
    To examine the current spectrum of bacterial isolates in cases of chronic dacryocystitis and dacryoabcess and to determine their antibiotic sensitivities.
  9. Singh M, Jain V, Singh S, Gupta S. Endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy in cases of dacryocystitis due to atrophic rhinitis. J Laryngol Otol. 2004;118:426-8 pubmed
    Atrophic rhinitis is a chronic inflammatory disease of the nose, which is more common in India. Chronic dacryocystitis is its rare complication...

More Information


  1. Li X, Wu K, Edman M, Schenke Layland K, MacVeigh Aloni M, Janga S, et al. Increased expression of cathepsins and obesity-induced proinflammatory cytokines in lacrimal glands of male NOD mouse. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2010;51:5019-29 pubmed publisher
    ..Differentially expressed genes were further investigated at the protein level to correlate changes in location and abundance with development of disease...
  2. Briscoe D, Rubowitz A, Assia E. Changing bacterial isolates and antibiotic sensitivities of purulent dacryocystitis. Orbit. 2005;24:95-8 pubmed
    To examine the current spectrum of bacterial isolates in cases of chronic dacryocystitis and dacryoabcess and to determine their antibiotic sensitivities.
  3. Morgan S, Austin M, Whittet H. The treatment of acute dacryocystitis using laser assisted endonasal dacryocystorhinostomy. Br J Ophthalmol. 2004;88:139-41 pubmed
    To determine whether acute dacryocystitis complicated by abscess formation can be successfully treated using laser assisted endonasal dacryocystorhinostomy.
  4. Wu W, Cannon P, Yan W, Tu Y, Selva D, Qu J. Effects of Merogel coverage on wound healing and ostial patency in endonasal endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy for primary chronic dacryocystitis. Eye (Lond). 2011;25:746-53 pubmed publisher
    To investigate the effects of Merogel coverage on ostial patency in endonasal endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy (EES-DCR) for primary chronic dacryocystitis (PCD).
  5. Kotlus B, Rodgers I, Udell I. Dacryocystitis caused by community-onset methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg. 2005;21:371-5 pubmed
    ..To describe the occurrence of community-onset methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections of the lacrimal system and their treatment...
  6. Marx D, Chang P, Winthrop K. Strenotrophomonas maltophilia-related chronic dacryocystitis. Orbit. 2012;31:433-4 pubmed publisher
    b>Dacryocystitis related to Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is rare. We describe a case of Strenotrophomonas maltophilia-related chronic dacryocystitis with associated coagulase-negative Staphylococcus...
  7. Maehara T, Moriyama M, Nakashima H, Miyake K, Hayashida J, Tanaka A, et al. Interleukin-21 contributes to germinal centre formation and immunoglobulin G4 production in IgG4-related dacryoadenitis and sialoadenitis, so-called Mikulicz's disease. Ann Rheum Dis. 2012;71:2011-19 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study the expression of IL-21 in IgG4-DS and SS patients was examined...
  8. Kiratli H, Sekeroğlu M, Soylemezoglu F. Unilateral dacryoadenitis as the sole presenting sign of Wegener's granulomatosis. Orbit. 2008;27:157-60 pubmed publisher
  9. Kikkawa D, Heinz G, Martin R, Nunery W, Eiseman A. Orbital cellulitis and abscess secondary to dacryocystitis. Arch Ophthalmol. 2002;120:1096-9 pubmed
  10. Yigit O, Samancioglu M, Taskin U, Ceylan S, Eltutar K, Yener M. External and endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy in chronic dacryocystitis: comparison of results. Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2007;264:879-85 pubmed
    To compare external and endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy outcomes in patients with chronic dacryocystitis, a total of 103 patients with the complaint of epiphora and diagnosed as chronic dacryocystitis were included in the study...
  11. Aasuri M, Reddy M, Sharma S, Rao G. Co-occurrence of pneumococcal keratitis and dacryocystitis. Cornea. 1999;18:273-6 pubmed
    ..To evaluate the specific risk factors responsible for the development of pneumococcal keratitis...
  12. Lachanas V, Koutsopoulos A, Hajiioannou J, Bizaki A, Helidonis E, Bizakis J. Osteoid osteoma of the ethmoid bone associated with dacryocystitis. Head Face Med. 2006;2:23 pubmed
    ..Osteoid osteomas (OO) are small, benign osteoblastic lesions. Ethmoid bone OO has been very rarely reported so far...
  13. Thomas P, Zhu Z, Selvam S, Samant D, Stevenson D, Mircheff A, et al. Autoimmune dacryoadenitis and keratoconjunctivitis induced in rabbits by subcutaneous injection of autologous lymphocytes activated ex vivo against lacrimal antigens. J Autoimmun. 2008;31:116-22 pubmed publisher
  14. Soheilian M, Bagheri A, Aletaha M. Dacryoadenitis as the earliest presenting manifestation of systemic Wegener's granulomatosis. Eur J Ophthalmol. 2002;12:241-3 pubmed
    ..To report a case presenting with dacryoadenitis as the earliest manifestation of systemic Wegener's granulomatosis (WG)...
  15. Rahimy E, Pitcher J, Pangelinan S, Chen W, Farley W, Niederkorn J, et al. Spontaneous autoimmune dacryoadenitis in aged CD25KO mice. Am J Pathol. 2010;177:744-53 pubmed publisher
    ..Taken together, autoimmune LG infiltration with loss of LG function was observed in CD25KO mice as early as 8 weeks of age. Time-related switch from Th-17 to Th-1 inflammation was noted in CD25KO mice...
  16. Ataullah S, Sloan B. Acute dacryocystitis presenting as an orbital abscess. Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 2002;30:44-6 pubmed
    Acute dacryocystitis usually presents as a preseptal infection, but can uncommonly be associated with orbital cellulitis. Orbital abscess formation is, however, very rare...
  17. McNab A. Lacrimal gland abscess: two case reports. Aust N Z J Ophthalmol. 1999;27:75-8 pubmed
    ..Bacterial dacryoadenitis is rare and suppuration leading to abscess formation within the lacrimal gland has been very rarely reported in the antibiotic era...
  18. Rutar T. Vertically acquired community methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus dacryocystitis in a neonate. J AAPOS. 2009;13:79-81 pubmed publisher
    ..3,4) Cases have been reported in otherwise-healthy children, including chronic dacryocystitis in an 8-month-old infant and orbital cellulitis in a 16-month-old child...
  19. Mandal R, Banerjee A, Biswas M, Mondal A, Kundu P, Sasmal N. Clinicobacteriological study of chronic dacryocystitis in adults. J Indian Med Assoc. 2008;106:296-8 pubmed
    Chronic dacryocystitis is the inflammation of lacrimal sac, frequently caused by bacteria. Obstruction of nasolacrimal duct converts the lacrimal sac a reservoir of infection. It is a constant threat to cornea and orbital soft tissue...
  20. Lin S, Kao S, Tsai C, Cheng C, Kau H, Hsu W, et al. Clinical characteristics and factors associated the outcome of lacrimal canaliculitis. Acta Ophthalmol. 2011;89:759-63 pubmed publisher
    ..Canaliculitis are often delayed diagnosed and prone to recur or persist. Male gender and concretions are important risk factors for recurrence. Surgical removal of all possible concretions is essential for cure. ..
  21. Wu W, Yan W, MacCallum J, Tu Y, Jiang A, Yang Y, et al. Primary treatment of acute dacryocystitis by endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy with silicone intubation guided by a soft probe. Ophthalmology. 2009;116:116-22 pubmed publisher
    ..intubation with silicone tubes (CBIST) guided by a soft probe for the primary treatment of acute purulent dacryocystitis (APD). Prospective, randomized, interventional case series...
  22. Sato Y, Ohshima K, Ichimura K, Sato M, Yamadori I, Tanaka T, et al. Ocular adnexal IgG4-related disease has uniform clinicopathology. Pathol Int. 2008;58:465-70 pubmed publisher
    ..And presence of immunoglobulin heavy chain gene rearrangement suggests the possibility of B-cell lymphoma arising in a background of IgG4-related chronic inflammation. ..
  23. Liang B, Chau Y, Lam D, Chan N. Undifferentiated sinonasal carcinoma with nasolacrimal duct obstruction. Arch Ophthalmol. 2004;122:290-3 pubmed
  24. Paulsen F, Schaudig U, Maune S, Thale A. Loss of tear duct-associated lymphoid tissue in association with the scarring of symptomatic dacryostenosis. Ophthalmology. 2003;110:85-92 pubmed
    ..Because TALT seems to be lost associated with the scarring of symptomatic dacryostenosis, it is unlikely that the presence per se of TALT leads to scarring. Future studies are needed to explain the development of TALT. ..
  25. Zoukhri D, Hodges R, Dartt D. Lacrimal gland innervation is not altered with the onset and progression of disease in a murine model of Sjögren's syndrome. Clin Immunol Immunopathol. 1998;89:126-33 pubmed
    ..We conclude that the loss of the secretory function in Sjögren's syndrome lacrimal glands is not due to a loss or decrease of its innervation. ..
  26. Cheuk W, Yuen H, Chu S, Chiu E, Lam L, Chan J. Lymphadenopathy of IgG4-related sclerosing disease. Am J Surg Pathol. 2008;32:671-81 pubmed publisher
  27. Güzel M, Kilic A, Arslan H. Palatal fistula: a complication of primary tuberculous dacryoadenitis. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2008;61:1105-7 pubmed publisher
  28. Bansal R, Malhotra C, Bhatia R, Chhabra S, Sood S. Tubercular dacryoadenitis--a case report and review of literature. Indian J Pathol Microbiol. 2006;49:385-7 pubmed
    ..Tubercular dacryoadenitis is uncommon, with the diagnosis usually made on histological examination of the lacrimal gland. Other cases of tubercular dacryoadenitis reported in literature are also reviewed...
  29. Patel N, Khalil H, Amirfeyz R, Kaddour H. Lacrimal gland abscess complicating acute sinusitis. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2003;67:917-9 pubmed
    ..The possible mechanisms of spread of infection to the lacrimal gland are discussed as well as the management of this unusual complication of sinusitis. ..
  30. Pflugfelder S. Antiinflammatory therapy for dry eye. Am J Ophthalmol. 2004;137:337-42 pubmed
    ..To present evidence establishing the relationship between inflammation and dry eye and supporting the use of antiinflammatory therapy for dry eye...
  31. Hanioka Y, Yamagami K, Yoshioka K, Nakamura T, Kishida M, Nakamura T, et al. Churg-Strauss syndrome concomitant with chronic symmetrical dacryoadenitis suggesting Mikulicz's disease. Intern Med. 2012;51:2457-61 pubmed
    ..Churg-Strauss syndrome may be accompanied by Mikulicz's disease (an IgG4-related disease), and common pathogeneses between Churg-Strauss syndrome and IgG4-related disease may exist. ..
  32. Zoukhri D, Ko S, Stark P, Kublin C. Roles of caspase 1 and extracellular signal-regulated kinase in inflammation-induced inhibition of lacrimal gland protein secretion. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2008;49:4392-8 pubmed publisher
    ..LPS inhibits lacrimal gland secretion by activating caspase 1, and IL-1beta activates the ERK pathway to inhibit lacrimal gland protein secretion and aqueous tear production. ..
  33. Chaudhry I, Shamsi F, Al Rashed W. Bacteriology of chronic dacryocystitis in a tertiary eye care center. Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg. 2005;21:207-10 pubmed
    To determine the current bacteriology of adult chronic dacryocystitis in a tertiary eye care center and compare it with previously reported studies...
  34. Mohamad S, Khan I, Shakeel M, Nandapalan V. Long-term results of endonasal dacryocystorhinostomy with and without stenting. Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 2013;95:196-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Our study suggests that postoperative stents are not necessary for primary DCR and may be associated with a worse outcome. ..
  35. Kawashiri S, Nishino A, Nakamura H, Origuchi T, Aoyagi K, Kawakami A. The stiff elastographic change of submandibular glands rapidly improves after the introduction of glucocorticoid treatment in patients with IgG4-related dacryoadenitis and sialoadenitis. Mod Rheumatol. 2016;26:463-4 pubmed publisher
    ..The stiff elastographic changes rapidly improved after 2 weeks. This may relate with the reversibility of salivary function by glucocorticoid treatment in patients with IgG4-DS. ..
  36. Wei R, Thomas P, Samant D, Schechter J, Mircheff A, Trousdale M. Autoimmune dacryoadenitis and sialadenitis induced in rabbits by intravenous injection of autologous lymphocytes activated ex vivo against lacrimal antigens. Cornea. 2012;31:693-701 pubmed publisher
    ..This new rabbit model more closely mimics Sjögren syndrome, in that SG manifestations accompany the LG disease. It should be well suited to elucidating Sjögren pathogenesis and pathophysiology and to evaluating experimental therapies. ..
  37. Carruth B, Wladis E. Orbital abscess from dacryocystitis caused by Morganella morganii. Orbit. 2013;32:39-41 pubmed publisher
    ..has been reported in only one previous case of orbital abscess and underscores the need for organism identification and antibiotic sensitivity analysis in cases of orbital abscess, particularly those with extension from dacryocystitis.
  38. Sakaguchi Y, Inaba M, Tsuda M, Quan G, Omae M, Ando Y, et al. The Wistar Bonn Kobori rat, a unique animal model for autoimmune pancreatitis with extrapancreatic exocrinopathy. Clin Exp Immunol. 2008;152:1-12 pubmed publisher
    ..We also show that these autoimmune diseases can be prevented by a newly devised strategy of bone marrow transplantation (BMT) in which bone marrow cells are injected directly into the bone marrow cavity: intrabone marrow-BMT. ..
  39. Wong S, Healy V, Olver J. An unusual case of tuberculous dacryocystitis. Eye (Lond). 2004;18:940-2 pubmed
  40. Zimmerli L, Meyer P, Messerli J. [Bilateral lacrimal gland inflammation in a 42-year-old entrepreneur]. Praxis (Bern 1994). 2004;93:377-9 pubmed
  41. Dhaliwal U, Arora V, Singh N, Bhatia A. Clinical and cytopathologic correlation in chronic inflammations of the orbit and ocular adnexa: a review of 55 cases. Orbit. 2004;23:219-25 pubmed
    ..Specific diagnosis is possible in many granulomatous inflammations, allowing appropriate, individualized therapy to be initiated. ..
  42. Bastrikov N. [Dacryocystorhino-drainage as a treatment method in dacryocystitis]. Vestn Oftalmol. 2004;120:33-5 pubmed
  43. Ding J, Chen Q, Wang M, Xia C, Wang Z, Zheng Y. [The management of the stoma in endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy]. Lin Chung Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2007;21:885-6 pubmed
    To explore the better management of the stoma in endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy. To review the 102 chronic dacryocystitis patients (109 eyes), who underwent the endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy surgery with silver clips used to maintain ..
  44. Watson A, Sloan B. Ecthyma gangrenosum arising from Pseudomonas aeruginosa dacryocystitis. Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 2003;31:366-8 pubmed
  45. Imholz B, Richter M, Dojcinovic I, Hugentobler M. [Non-union of the maxilla: a rare complication after Le Fort I osteotomy]. Rev Stomatol Chir Maxillofac. 2010;111:270-5 pubmed publisher
    ..These signs appeared after infection in three cases (maxillary sinusitis in two cases, dacryocystitis in one case)...
  46. Derzko Dzulynsky L. IgG4-related disease in the eye and ocular adnexa. Curr Opin Ophthalmol. 2017;28:617-622 pubmed publisher
    ..IgG4-ROD is an emerging cause of scleritis and uveitis and should be considered in any patient with multisystem inflammatory disease. New targeted immune therapies may improve outcomes and lead to clinical remission. ..
  47. Kozai M, Kubo Y, Katakai T, Kondo H, Kiyonari H, Schaeuble K, et al. Essential role of CCL21 in establishment of central self-tolerance in T cells. J Exp Med. 2017;214:1925-1935 pubmed publisher
    ..These results indicate a nonredundant role of CCL21Ser in the establishment of self-tolerance in T cells in the thymic medulla, and reveal a functional inequality among CCR7 ligands in vivo. ..
  48. Tost F, Bruder R, Clemens S. [20-MHz ultrasound of pre-saccular lacrimal ducts]. Ophthalmologe. 2002;99:25-8 pubmed
    ..In comparison with ultrasound biomicroscopy the resolution is lower but the depth of penetration is higher. The use of 20 MHz ultrasonic examination can be helpful in the clinical diagnostic of chronic canaliculitis. ..
  49. Luemsamran P, Pornpanich K, Uiprasertkul M, Sakolsatayadorn N, Vangveeravong S. NK/T-cell lymphoma of the nasal cavity causing contralateral dacryoadenitis. Orbit. 2013;32:250-2 pubmed publisher
    ..Dacryoadenitis can be a clinical manifestation of NK/T-cell lymphoma. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma with contralateral dacryoadenitis. ..
  50. Nandoskar P, Wang Y, Wei R, Liu Y, Zhao P, Lu M, et al. Changes of chloride channels in the lacrimal glands of a rabbit model of Sjögren syndrome. Cornea. 2012;31:273-9 pubmed publisher
  51. Barrett R, Meyer D. Acquired lacrimal sac fistula after incision and drainage for dacryocystitis: a multicenter study. Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg. 2009;25:455-7 pubmed publisher
    To evaluate the frequency of acquired lacrimal sac fistula formation after incision and drainage for dacryocystitis and to determine associated risk factors...
  52. Domergue Than Trong E, Viguier M, Dubertret L. [A reddened eye]. Ann Dermatol Venereol. 2002;129:909-10 pubmed
  53. Rózycki R, Rekas M, Wisniewski P, Murawska M, Pietrzykowski J. [Mycotic lacrimal canaliculitis--cases report]. Klin Oczna. 2004;106:338-42 pubmed
    ..In our opinion it is important to consider fungal infections during the treatment of chronic eye disorders...
  54. Nishiyama T, Mishima K, Obara K, Inoue H, Doi T, Kondo S, et al. Amelioration of lacrimal gland inflammation by oral administration of K-13182 in Sjögren's syndrome model mice. Clin Exp Immunol. 2007;149:586-95 pubmed
    ..These data reveal that VCAM-1 is a promising target molecule for the treatment of autoimmune diseases as a therapeutic strategy and that K-13182 has the potential as a new anti-inflammatory drug for SS...
  55. Baddini Caramelli C, Matayoshi S, Moura E, Araf D, Santo R, Voegels R, et al. Chronic dacryocystitis in American mucocutaneous leishmaniasis. Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg. 2001;17:48-52 pubmed
    ..This study describes lacrimal tract involvement and surgical outcome in patients with mucocutaneous leishmaniasis...
  56. Abad S, Badelon I, Le Toumelin P, Warzocha U, Gambier N, Larroche C, et al. [Management of orbital inflammation in internal medicine: a retrospective case series of 29 patients]. Rev Med Interne. 2012;33:69-75 pubmed publisher
    ..To describe a case series of patients investigated in internal medicine for an inflammation of the orbit and to clarify the clinical and pathological features of patients with idiopathic orbital inflammatory syndrome (IOIS)...
  57. Ohguchi A, Nakayama Y, Doi C, Nakayama H, Doi K. Encephalomyocarditis (EMC) virus-induced sialodacryoadenitis in mice. Exp Mol Pathol. 2005;78:58-63 pubmed
    ..The present results indicate that EMC-D virus shows clear tissue and cell tropism within the salivary and lachrymal glands, probably due to the distribution of receptors for EMC virus...
  58. Garrity J, Matteson E. Biologic response modifiers for ophthalmologists. Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg. 2008;24:345-7 pubmed publisher
  59. Hitter A, Lamblin E, Morand B, Bertolo A, Atallah I, Righini C. [Congenital dacryocystocele: Surgical treatment or routine follow-up?]. Rev Stomatol Chir Maxillofac Chir Orale. 2016;117:15-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The average age was 14.6 days. Six newborns presented with an acute dacryocystitis at the time of diagnosis. No respiratory complications were observed...
  60. Guan T, Huang W, Jiang F, Hu S. [Probing of lacrimal passage on congenital dacryocystitis]. Yan Ke Xue Bao. 2002;18:123-5 pubmed
    To investigate the effects of probing of lacrimal passage on congenital dacryocystitis.
  61. Allard F, Yee E, Freitag S. Dacryocystitis secondary to intranasal cocaine abuse: a case report and literature review. Orbit. 2013;32:405-8 pubmed publisher
    To report a case of dacryocystitis secondary to intranasal cocaine abuse and to review the literature on the effects of cocaine on sinus, nasal and lacrimal structures.
  62. Lam K, Brownstein S, Jordan D, Jastrzebski A. Dacryops: a series of 5 cases and a proposed pathogenesis. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2013;131:929-32 pubmed publisher
    ..Lacrimal gland ductal cysts (dacryops) are uncommon, occurring anywhere that lacrimal gland tissue is present. While dacryops has long been recognized, its pathogenesis has not been well established...
  63. Asghar S, Mahmood A, Khan M. Nocardia canaliculitis presenting as pouted punctum. J Coll Physicians Surg Pak. 2008;18:55-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Nocardia sp was grown on culture. The patient was successfully managed with surgical removal of concretions and topical/systemic antibiotics...
  64. Zhu Z, Stevenson D, Schechter J, Mircheff A, Crow R, Atkinson R, et al. Tumor necrosis factor inhibitor gene expression suppresses lacrimal gland immunopathology in a rabbit model of autoimmune dacryoadenitis. Cornea. 2003;22:343-51 pubmed
    ..To evaluate the effect of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitor protein on lacrimal gland immunopathology and ocular surface disease resulting from induced dacryoadenitis...
  65. Lipiec E, Grałek M, Niwald A. [Evaluation of therapy outcome in congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction in own material]. Klin Oczna. 2006;108:174-7 pubmed
    ..The inborn nasolacrimal duct obstruction is common ocular disease in new-borns and infants. There are still doubts concerning the timing of the operating procedure. Probing of the lacrimal ducts is the therapeutic method for this condition...
  66. Zaman M, Babar T, Saeed N. A review of 120 cases of dacryocystorhinostomies (Dupuy Dutemps and Bourguet technique). J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad. 2003;15:10-2 pubmed
  67. McCulley T, Kersten R, Yip C, Kulwin D. Dacryocystoceles in the aftermath of Stevens-Johnson syndrome. Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg. 2005;21:159-61 pubmed
    ..The masses have not recurred with 2 years of follow-up. Dacryocystoceles may arise in the setting of Stevens-Johnson syndrome. Successful management may be achieved with marsupialization to the nasal cavity (dacryocystorhinostomy)...
  68. Chen R, Jakobiec F, Zakka F, Kazim M. Orbital perineurioma in the setting of dacryocystitis. Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg. 2012;28:e51-5 pubmed publisher
    ..orbital perineurioma was discovered just posterior to the lacrimal sac during surgery for recurrent bacterial dacryocystitis in an 83-year-old woman...
  69. Beloglazov V, At kova E, Fedorov A, Safonova T, Malaeva L. [Possibilities of using the method of crystallography of tears in pathologies of the lacrimal apparatus]. Vestn Oftalmol. 2003;119:49-52 pubmed
    A total of 178 patients with pathologies in the lacrimal apparatus (including 81 patients with dacryocystitis, 51 patients with imperforation of the lacrimal canals' opening and 46 patients with dacryostenosis) were investigated...
  70. Gunduz K, Shields C, Günalp I, Shields J. Magnetic resonance imaging of unilateral lacrimal gland lesions. Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 2003;241:907-13 pubmed
    ..To report the findings on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of various benign and malignant unilateral lacrimal gland lesions...
  71. Machado M, Silva J, Garcia E, Allemann N. Ultrasound parameters of normal lacrimal sac and chronic dacryocystitis. Arq Bras Oftalmol. 2017;80:172-175 pubmed publisher
    To compared the ultrasound findings of the lacrimal sac between subjects with normal lacrimal systems those with chronic dacryocystitis.
  72. Marabotti A, Giannecchini G, Cariello A, Cappelli C, Giannecchini I, Bedei A. Stenosis of the lachrymal system in Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome. Ophthalmologica. 2002;216:272-6 pubmed
    ..A 9-year-old girl, with typical findings of RTS, was affected by recurrent acute dacryocystitis and tearing...
  73. Ohyama Y, Carroll V, Deshmukh U, Gaskin F, Brown M, Fu S. Severe focal sialadenitis and dacryoadenitis in NZM2328 mice induced by MCMV: a novel model for human Sjögren's syndrome. J Immunol. 2006;177:7391-7 pubmed
    ..Thus, chronic inflammation induced by MCMV with decreased secretory function in NZM2328 mice resembles the disease manifestations of human Sjögren's syndrome...
  74. Andrew N, Kearney D, Sladden N, Goss A, Selva D. Immunoglobulin G4-related disease of the hard palate. J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2014;72:717-23 pubmed publisher
    ..Spontaneous, partial resolution of the palatal lesion was observed during follow-up. IgG4-RD should be considered in the differential diagnosis of lymphoplasmacytic lesions of the hard palate...
  75. Zois G. [Dacryocystitis]. MMW Fortschr Med. 2007;149:5 pubmed
  76. Baoke H, Shihui W, Maonian Z, Zhaohui L, Zhitong Z, Zhigang S, et al. Bilateral dacryoadenitis complicated by lymphocytic hypophysitis. J Neuroophthalmol. 2009;29:214-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Our patients add support to the idea that DA and LyH are manifestations of a systemic autoimmune disease. We suggest that the discovery of DA should prompt imaging and endocrine investigation of LyH...
  77. Mohamad S, Khan I, Shakeel M. Authors' response. Ann R Coll Surg Engl. 2014;96:173-4 pubmed
  78. Berta E, Bettega G, Jouk P, Billy G, Nugues F, Morand B. Complete agenesis of major salivary glands. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol. 2013;77:1782-5 pubmed publisher
    A 4 year-old female patient was treated for persistent right-sided dacryocystitis and xerostomia...
  79. Mohan E, Kabra S, Udhay P, Madhavan H. Intracanalicular antibiotics may obviate the need for surgical management of chronic suppurative canaliculitis. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2008;56:338-40 pubmed
    ..Availability of broad-spectrum antibiotics and canalicular irrigation may offer an alternative to surgery in the management of suppurative lacrimal canaliculitis...
  80. Madge S, Chan W, Malhotra R, Ghabrial R, Floreani S, Wormald P, et al. Endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy in acute dacryocystitis: a multicenter case series. Orbit. 2011;30:1-6 pubmed publisher
    To present our experience of early endonasal DCR (endoDCR) in the treatment of acute dacryocystitis (AD). Methods. International multicenter non-comparative retrospective study.
  81. Wladis E, Pappa C, Cavaliere L. Anticyclic-citrullinated protein antibodies in the diagnosis of ophthalmic inflammatory disease. Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg. 2011;27:e1-2 pubmed publisher
    ..In this report, we characterize the first use of anti-CCP in the diagnosis of orbital disease. ..
  82. Burger J, Thurau S, Haritoglou C. [Bilateral lid swelling during infectious mononucleosis (Hoagland-sign)]. Klin Monbl Augenheilkd. 2005;222:1014-6 pubmed
    ..Infectious mononucleosis ("kissing disease") is an infection caused by Epstein-Barr-Virus (EBV, human herpes virus 4)...
  83. Kamao T, Miyazaki T, Soga Y, Komori H, Terada M, Ohashi Y, et al. Genetic dissociation of dacryoadenitis and sialadenitis in a Sjogren's syndrome mouse model with common and different susceptibility gene loci. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2009;50:3257-65 pubmed publisher
    ..A quantitative trait locus (QTL) analysis was performed in the SS mouse model, MRL/MpJ-lpr/lpr (MRL/lpr), to identify the susceptibility loci to dacryoadenitis and sialadenitis and the association with both loci...
  84. Hofmann T, Lackner A, Muellner K, Luxenberger W, Wolf G. Endolacrimal KTP laser-assisted dacryocystorhinostomy. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2003;129:329-32 pubmed
    ..The development of miniendoscopes enables endoscopy of the lacrimal drainage system via the lacrimal puncta to visualize the exact site of a stenosis...
  85. Khanna D, Shrivastava A. Suppurative dacroadenitis causing ocular sicca syndrome in classic Wegener's granulomatosis. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2011;59:151-3 pubmed publisher
    ..Granulomatous vasculitis of lacrimal gland leading to abscess formation and dryness of eyes has not been described in WG and reflects the aggressive nature of inflammatory process in this disease...
  86. Madge S, James C, Selva D. Bilateral dacryoadenitis: a new addition to the spectrum of reactive arthritis?. Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg. 2009;25:152-3 pubmed publisher
    ..Dacryoadenitis has not been previously described as part of the spectrum of reactive arthritis. The authors describe a case of biopsy-proven bilateral dacryoadenitis, which developed in the setting of chlamydial urethritis. ..
  87. Faden H. Dacryocystitis in children. Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2006;45:567-9 pubmed