keratitis

Summary

Summary: Inflammation of the cornea.

Top Publications

  1. Willcox M. Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection and inflammation during contact lens wear: a review. Optom Vis Sci. 2007;84:273-8 pubmed
    ..that colonize lenses can lead to infection and inflammation, but the most common cause of infection (microbial keratitis; MK) remains the Gram-negative bacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa. P...
  2. Sánchez H, Mese G, Srinivas M, White T, Verselis V. Differentially altered Ca2+ regulation and Ca2+ permeability in Cx26 hemichannels formed by the A40V and G45E mutations that cause keratitis ichthyosis deafness syndrome. J Gen Physiol. 2010;136:47-62 pubmed publisher
    ..two such mutations, A40V and G45E, which are positioned near the TM1/E1 boundary and are associated with keratitis ichthyosis deafness (KID) syndrome...
  3. Labbe A, Khammari C, Dupas B, Gabison E, Brasnu E, Labetoulle M, et al. Contribution of in vivo confocal microscopy to the diagnosis and management of infectious keratitis. Ocul Surf. 2009;7:41-52 pubmed
    Infectious keratitis can lead to irreversible complications and even blindness. Identifying the infectious agent in this condition is a challenge for the ophthalmologist...
  4. Levy J, Lifshitz T. Keratitis after implantation of intrastromal corneal ring segments (intacs) aided by femtosecond laser for keratoconus correction: case report and description of the literature. Eur J Ophthalmol. 2010;20:780-4 pubmed
    The majority of reported cases of infectious keratitis after intrastromal corneal ring segment implantation have been described after mechanical implantation of the segments...
  5. Leal S, Vareechon C, Cowden S, Cobb B, Latge J, Momany M, et al. Fungal antioxidant pathways promote survival against neutrophils during infection. J Clin Invest. 2012;122:2482-98 pubmed publisher
    ..Further, these findings also indicate that targeting fungal anti-oxidative defenses via PX-12 may represent an efficacious strategy for treating fungal infections...
  6. Zou Y, Zhang H, Li H, Chen H, Song W, Wang Y. Strain-dependent production of interleukin-17/interferon-? and matrix remodeling-associated genes in experimental Candida albicans keratitis. Mol Vis. 2012;18:1215-25 pubmed
    ..to investigate the role of genetic background in determining the development or prognosis of experimental fungal keratitis by comparing the disease courses and related molecules of experimental Candida albicans in two common mouse ..
  7. Chalmers R, Wagner H, Mitchell G, Lam D, Kinoshita B, Jansen M, et al. Age and other risk factors for corneal infiltrative and inflammatory events in young soft contact lens wearers from the Contact Lens Assessment in Youth (CLAY) study. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2011;52:6690-6 pubmed publisher
    ..To describe age and other risk factors for corneal infiltrative and inflammatory events (CIEs) in young, soft contact lens (SCL) wearers and to model the age-related risk...
  8. Thomas P, Kaliamurthy J. Mycotic keratitis: epidemiology, diagnosis and management. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2013;19:210-20 pubmed publisher
    Mycotic keratitis (an infection of the cornea) is an important ocular infection, especially in young male outdoor workers...
  9. Bahadir A, Bozkurt T, Kutan S, Yanyali C, Acar S. Candida interface keratitis following deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty. Int Ophthalmol. 2012;32:383-6 pubmed publisher
    ..and the appearance of inflammation signs after tapering the steroid treatment raised suspicion of fungal keratitis. Anterior segment optical coherence tomography (OCT), ultrasound biomicroscopy, confocal microscopy and ..

More Information

Publications69

  1. Stapleton F, Carnt N. Contact lens-related microbial keratitis: how have epidemiology and genetics helped us with pathogenesis and prophylaxis. Eye (Lond). 2012;26:185-93 pubmed publisher
    Contact lens wear is a common predisposing factor in microbial keratitis and is one of the two preventable risk factors for corneal infection in a working age population...
  2. Mese G, Sellitto C, Li L, Wang H, Valiunas V, Richard G, et al. The Cx26-G45E mutation displays increased hemichannel activity in a mouse model of the lethal form of keratitis-ichthyosis-deafness syndrome. Mol Biol Cell. 2011;22:4776-86 pubmed publisher
    ..Some mutations produce a gain of function and cause syndromic deafness associated with skin disorders, such as keratitis-ichthyosis-deafness syndrome (KIDS)...
  3. Ibrahim M, Vanini R, Ibrahim F, Martins W, Carvalho R, Castro R, et al. Epidemiology and medical prediction of microbial keratitis in southeast Brazil. Arq Bras Oftalmol. 2011;74:7-12 pubmed
    The goals of the study were the following: 1) to show the epidemiology of microbial keratitis (MK) in the southeast Brazil, 2) to compare the epidemiological differences between fungal (FK) and bacterial keratitis (BK), and 3) to ..
  4. Shah A, Sachdev A, Coggon D, Hossain P. Geographic variations in microbial keratitis: an analysis of the peer-reviewed literature. Br J Ophthalmol. 2011;95:762-7 pubmed publisher
    The epidemiology of microbial keratitis has been investigated in several studies by analysis of organisms cultured from corneal scrapes...
  5. Han E, Wee W, Lee J, Hyon J. A case of retained graphite anterior chamber foreign body masquerading as stromal keratitis. Korean J Ophthalmol. 2011;25:128-31 pubmed publisher
    We report a case of a retained graphite anterior chamber foreign body that was masquerading as stromal keratitis. A 28-year-old male visited with complaints of visual disturbance and hyperemia in his right eye for four weeks...
  6. Leema G, Chou D, Jesudasan C, Geraldine P, Thomas P. Expression of genes of the aflatoxin biosynthetic pathway in Aspergillus flavus isolates from keratitis. Mol Vis. 2011;17:2889-97 pubmed
    ..To document transcriptional activation (expression) of key aflatoxin biosynthetic pathway genes in corneal isolates of Aspergillus flavus...
  7. Shao H, Scott S, Nakata C, Hamad A, Chakravarti S. Extracellular matrix protein lumican promotes clearance and resolution of Pseudomonas aeruginosa keratitis in a mouse model. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e54765 pubmed publisher
  8. Son S, Kim H, Seo J. A case of Stenotrophomonas maltophilia keratitis effectively treated with moxifloxacin. Korean J Ophthalmol. 2011;25:349-51 pubmed publisher
    ..The corneal epithelium healed rapidly, and the infiltrate resolved within four weeks of the initiation of treatment. The patient's best corrected visual acuity improved from hand motion to 20 / 25...
  9. Uwaydat S, Jha P, Tytarenko R, Brown H, Wiggins M, Bora P, et al. The use of topical honey in the treatment of corneal abrasions and endotoxin-induced keratitis in an animal model. Curr Eye Res. 2011;36:787-96 pubmed publisher
    To investigate the effect of topically applied honey on intact corneas, surgically induced corneal abrasions and endotoxin induced keratitis.
  10. Foldenauer M, McClellan S, Berger E, Hazlett L. Mammalian target of rapamycin regulates IL-10 and resistance to Pseudomonas aeruginosa corneal infection. J Immunol. 2013;190:5649-58 pubmed publisher
    ..of rapamycin (mTOR) regulates IL-10 in other disease models, the present study tested its role in bacterial keratitis. After infection, corneas of rapamycin versus control-treated BALB/c mice showed worsened disease, and real-time ..
  11. Berger E, McClellan S, Vistisen K, Hazlett L. HIF-1α is essential for effective PMN bacterial killing, antimicrobial peptide production and apoptosis in Pseudomonas aeruginosa keratitis. PLoS Pathog. 2013;9:e1003457 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, the current studies focused on the neutrophil (PMN), the predominant cell infiltrate in keratitis. Using both siRNA and an antagonist (17-DMAG), the role of HIF-1α was assessed in P...
  12. Karthikeyan R, Leal S, Prajna N, Dharmalingam K, Geiser D, Pearlman E, et al. Expression of innate and adaptive immune mediators in human corneal tissue infected with Aspergillus or fusarium. J Infect Dis. 2011;204:942-50 pubmed publisher
    ..Filamentous fungi of the genera Aspergillus and Fusarium are major causes of corneal ulcers in the United States and in the developing world and result in significant visual impairment and blindness...
  13. Price M, Tenkman L, Schrier A, Fairchild K, Trokel S, Price F. Photoactivated riboflavin treatment of infectious keratitis using collagen cross-linking technology. J Refract Surg. 2012;28:706-13 pubmed publisher
    To evaluate riboflavin/ultraviolet-A (UVA) as an adjunct treatment for infectious keratitis.
  14. Muller L, Thiel M, Kipfer Kauer A, Kaufmann C. Corneal cross-linking as supplementary treatment option in melting keratitis: a case series. Klin Monbl Augenheilkd. 2012;229:411-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Recently, corneal cross-linking (CXL) has emerged as an additional treatment option. The present study evaluates whether CXL induces a clinical improvement in melting keratitis not responding to conventional treatment.
  15. Pradhan L, Sharma S, Nalamada S, Sahu S, Das S, Garg P. Natamycin in the treatment of keratomycosis: correlation of treatment outcome and in vitro susceptibility of fungal isolates. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2011;59:512-4 pubmed publisher
    In this study, 60 fungal isolates from 60 patients with fungal keratitis were tested in vitro for their susceptibility to natamycin and the mean minimum inhibitory concentrations of natamycin (MICn) were correlated with clinical outcome...
  16. Mulik S, Sharma S, Suryawanshi A, Veiga Parga T, Reddy P, Rajasagi N, et al. Activation of endothelial roundabout receptor 4 reduces the severity of virus-induced keratitis. J Immunol. 2011;186:7195-204 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results indicate that augmenting the host Robo4/Slit2 system could provide a useful therapeutic approach to control pathological angiogenesis associated with HSV induced stromal keratitis.
  17. Kurbanyan K, Hoesl L, Schrems W, Hamrah P. Corneal nerve alterations in acute Acanthamoeba and fungal keratitis: an in vivo confocal microscopy study. Eye (Lond). 2012;26:126-32 pubmed publisher
    To study sub-basal corneal nerve alterations in patients with acute Acanthamoeba keratitis (AK) and fungal keratitis (FK), using laser in vivo confocal microscopy (IVCM).
  18. Narayanan S, Redfern R, Miller W, Nichols K, McDermott A. Dry eye disease and microbial keratitis: is there a connection?. Ocul Surf. 2013;11:75-92 pubmed publisher
    ..The review highlights current understanding of innate immunity in dry eye and identifies gaps in our knowledge to help direct future studies to further unravel the complexities of dry eye disease and its sequelae...
  19. Sengupta J, Saha S, Khetan A, Sarkar S, Mandal S. Effects of lactoferricin B against keratitis-associated fungal biofilms. J Infect Chemother. 2012;18:698-703 pubmed publisher
    ..This report demonstrates the in vitro ability of biofilm formation on contact lens by three common keratitis-associated fungal pathogens, namely, Aspergillus fumigatus, Fusarium solani, and Candida albicans...
  20. Szentmary N, Goebels S, Bischoff M, Seitz B. [Photodynamic therapy for infectious keratitis]. Ophthalmologe. 2012;109:165-70 pubmed publisher
    ..Previous clinical studies have shown that PDT may heal bacterial or even acanthamoeba keratitis. Thus, some authors claim that photodynamic therapy may be a potential alternative in therapy resistant ..
  21. Galperin G, Berra M, Tau J, Boscaro G, Zarate J, Berra A. Treatment of fungal keratitis from Fusarium infection by corneal cross-linking. Cornea. 2012;31:176-80 pubmed publisher
    To evaluate the efficacy of corneal cross-linking (CXL) (riboflavin-UV-A) as a simple therapy in Fusarium keratitis.
  22. Santhiago M, Barbosa F, Agrawal V, Binder P, Christie B, Wilson S. Short-term cell death and inflammation after intracorneal inlay implantation in rabbits. J Refract Surg. 2012;28:144-9 pubmed publisher
    ..To investigate the cell death and inflammatory response to insertion of the KAMRA inlay (AcuFocus Inc) for presbyopia...
  23. Shivaprakash M, Appannanavar S, Dhaliwal M, Gupta A, Gupta S, Gupta A, et al. Colletotrichum truncatum: an unusual pathogen causing mycotic keratitis and endophthalmitis. J Clin Microbiol. 2011;49:2894-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The surgical management included total penetrating keratoplasty in patients with keratitis and pars plana vitrectomy in endophthalmitis...
  24. Hall A, Fothergill J, Kaye S, Neal T, McNamara P, Southern K, et al. Intraclonal genetic diversity amongst cystic fibrosis and keratitis isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. J Med Microbiol. 2013;62:208-16 pubmed publisher
    ..six CF clone D isolates and eight previously identified clone D isolates associated with infections leading to keratitis were compared...
  25. Mhaske P, Levit N, Li L, Wang H, Lee J, Shuja Z, et al. The human Cx26-D50A and Cx26-A88V mutations causing keratitis-ichthyosis-deafness syndrome display increased hemichannel activity. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2013;304:C1150-8 pubmed publisher
    ..the functional characteristics of two Cx26 mutations causing either mild (Cx26-D50A) or lethal (Cx26-A88V) keratitis-ichthyosis-deafness (KID) syndrome...
  26. Manikandan P, Varga J, Kocsubé S, Anita R, Revathi R, Németh T, et al. Epidemiology of Aspergillus keratitis at a tertiary care eye hospital in South India and antifungal susceptibilities of the causative agents. Mycoses. 2013;56:26-33 pubmed publisher
    In recent years, Aspergillus species are reported frequently as aetiological agents of fungal keratitis in tropical countries such as India...
  27. Shiraishi A, Araki Sasaki K, Mitani A, Miyamoto H, Sunada A, Ueda A, et al. Clinical characteristics of keratitis due to Colletotrichum gloeosporioides. J Ocul Pharmacol Ther. 2011;27:487-91 pubmed publisher
    To determine the characteristics of the keratitis due to Colletotrichum gloeosporioides.
  28. Lazic T, Li Q, Frank M, Uitto J, Zhou L. Extending the phenotypic spectrum of keratitis-ichthyosis-deafness syndrome: report of a patient with GJB2 (G12R) Connexin 26 mutation and unusual clinical findings. Pediatr Dermatol. 2012;29:349-57 pubmed publisher
    b>Keratitis-ichthyosis-deafness (KID) syndrome is a rare ectodermal dysplasia, characterized mainly by the presence of hyperkeratotic skin lesions, neurosensory hearing loss, and vascularizing keratitis...
  29. Klatte J, Dastjerdi M, Clark K, Harrison C, Grigorian F, Stahl E. Hyperacute infectious keratitis with Plesiomonas shigelloides following traumatic lamellar corneal laceration. Pediatr Infect Dis J. 2012;31:1200-1 pubmed publisher
    ..We report the first case of infectious keratitis due solely to P. shigelloides following traumatic corneal laceration and a literature review with regard to P...
  30. Gajjar D, Pal A, Parmar T, Arora A, Ganatra D, Kayastha F, et al. Fungal scleral keratitis caused by Phomopsis phoenicicola. J Clin Microbiol. 2011;49:2365-8 pubmed publisher
    We report a case of scleral keratitis caused by Phomopsis phoenicicola. Pterygium surgery was a predisposing factor, and the patient was treated with natamycin and fluconazole eye drops and oral fluconazole...
  31. Otri A, Mohammed I, Al Aqaba M, Fares U, Peng C, Hopkinson A, et al. Variable expression of human Beta defensins 3 and 9 at the human ocular surface in infectious keratitis. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2012;53:757-61 pubmed publisher
    ..These play an important role in infection and inflammation. In the present study, the authors studied the gene expression levels of hBD3 and hBD9 in healthy subjects and during and after healing of infectious keratitis.
  32. Chen K, Wu Y, Zhu M, Deng Q, Nie X, Li M, et al. Lithium chloride promotes host resistance against Pseudomonas aeruginosa keratitis. Mol Vis. 2013;19:1502-14 pubmed
    To explore the role of lithium chloride (LiCl) in Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) keratitis.
  33. Leal S, Pearlman E. The role of cytokines and pathogen recognition molecules in fungal keratitis - Insights from human disease and animal models. Cytokine. 2012;58:107-11 pubmed publisher
    ..In this review, we highlight recent advances in the understanding of the host response to Aspergillus and Fusarium species in infected human corneal tissue and in mouse models of fungal keratitis.
  34. Kumar A, Pandya S, Kavathia G, Antala S, Madan M, Javdekar T. Microbial keratitis in Gujarat, Western India: findings from 200 cases. Pan Afr Med J. 2011;10:48 pubmed
    The objective of this study was to study the epidemiological characteristics and the microbiological profile of patients suspected with microbial keratitis in Gujarat.
  35. Tewari A, Sood N, Vegad M, Mehta D. Epidemiological and microbiological profile of infective keratitis in Ahmedabad. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2012;60:267-72 pubmed publisher
    ..Study of patients attending tertiary care ophthalmology institute at Ahmedabad...
  36. Chu H, Hu F. Non-tuberculous mycobacterial keratitis. Clin Microbiol Infect. 2013;19:221-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Among them, rapidly growing mycobacteria are the most notorious organisms causing infectious keratitis. Non-tuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) keratitis commonly occurs after trauma or refractive surgery, and can ..
  37. Chen K, Yin L, Nie X, Deng Q, Wu Y, Zhu M, et al. ?-Catenin promotes host resistance against Pseudomonas aeruginosa keratitis. J Infect. 2013;67:584-94 pubmed publisher
    To explore the role of ?-catenin in Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) keratitis.
  38. Ebihara N, Matsuda A, Nakamura S, Matsuda H, Murakami A. Role of the IL-6 classic- and trans-signaling pathways in corneal sterile inflammation and wound healing. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2011;52:8549-57 pubmed publisher
    ..To investigate the role of the IL-6 classic- and trans-signaling pathways in corneal sterile inflammation and wound healing...
  39. Sharma D, Sharma S, Wilkins M. Microbial keratitis after corneal laser refractive surgery. Future Microbiol. 2011;6:819-31 pubmed publisher
    ..Most candidates for surgery have excellent spectacle- or contact lens-corrected vision. Although microbial keratitis following refractive surgery is a rare complication, and usually has a good visual outcome, it can be sight-..
  40. Sengupta S, Rajan S, Reddy P, Thiruvengadakrishnan K, Ravindran R, Lalitha P, et al. Comparative study on the incidence and outcomes of pigmented versus non pigmented keratomycosis. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2011;59:291-6 pubmed publisher
    ..To determine the incidence, outcomes and establish factors determining visual prognosis of keratomycosis due to pigmented fungi in comparison with nonpigmented fungi...
  41. Riau A, Angunawela R, Chaurasia S, Lee W, Tan D, Mehta J. Early corneal wound healing and inflammatory responses after refractive lenticule extraction (ReLEx). Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2011;52:6213-21 pubmed publisher
    ..To compare the early corneal wound repair and inflammatory responses after refractive lenticule extraction (ReLEx) and LASIK...
  42. Guo H, Gao J, Wu X. Toll-like receptor 2 siRNA suppresses corneal inflammation and attenuates Aspergillus fumigatus keratitis in rats. Immunol Cell Biol. 2012;90:352-7 pubmed publisher
    ..We previously reported that TLR2 in corneal epithelium has an important role in the pathogenesis of fungal keratitis, however, how the corneal inflammation is modulated remains to be elucidated...
  43. Sun Y, Karmakar M, Taylor P, Rietsch A, Pearlman E. ExoS and ExoT ADP ribosyltransferase activities mediate Pseudomonas aeruginosa keratitis by promoting neutrophil apoptosis and bacterial survival. J Immunol. 2012;188:1884-95 pubmed publisher
    ..To determine the role of type III secretion in the pathogenesis of P. aeruginosa keratitis, corneas of C57BL/6 mice were infected with P...
  44. Farooq M, Prause J, Heegaard S. Synthetic fiber from a teddy bear causing keratitis and conjunctival granuloma: case report. BMC Ophthalmol. 2011;11:17 pubmed publisher
    To report a case of keratitis and a case of conjunctivitis caused by synthetic fibers from toy teddy bears.
  45. Haddad R, El Mollayess G. Combination of intracameral and intrastromal voriconazole in the treatment of recalcitrant Acremonium fungal keratitis. Middle East Afr J Ophthalmol. 2012;19:265-8 pubmed publisher
    We present a report of a 28-year-old female with fungal keratitis due to Acremonium that was unresponsive to full medical therapy over 3 weeks...
  46. Shankar J, Sueke H, Wiehlmann L, Horsburgh M, Tuft S, Neal T, et al. Genotypic analysis of UK keratitis-associated Pseudomonas aeruginosa suggests adaptation to environmental water as a key component in the development of eye infections. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2012;334:79-86 pubmed publisher
    To examine temporal dynamics of corneal infection (keratitis)-associated Pseudomonas aeruginosa, we compared the genetic characteristics of isolates collected during two different time periods (2003-2004 and 2009-2010) using an ArrayTube ..
  47. Mascarenhas J, Srinivasan M, Chen M, Rajaraman R, Ravindran M, Lalitha P, et al. Differentiation of etiologic agents of bacterial keratitis from presentation characteristics. Int Ophthalmol. 2012;32:531-8 pubmed publisher
    ..4, 95 % CI 0.2-0.65). Staphylococcus spp. were less likely to be central in location (OR 0.16, 95 % CI 0.08-0.3). Baseline characteristics of bacterial ulcers may suggest the likely etiology and guide early management...
  48. Gritz D. LASIK interface keratitis: epidemiology, diagnosis and care. Curr Opin Ophthalmol. 2011;22:251-5 pubmed publisher
    Diffuse lamellar keratitis (DLK) is one of the more common interface complications occurs after laser in-situ keratomileusis (LASIK)...
  49. Park J, Song N, Koh J. Achromobacter xylosoxidans keratitis after contact lens usage. Korean J Ophthalmol. 2012;26:49-53 pubmed publisher
    To report on Achromobacter xylosoxidans keratitis in two healthy patients who had worn contact lenses foran extended period of time. A 36-year-old female and a 21-year-old female visited our hospital with ocular pain and blurred vision...
  50. Qu W, Busscher H, Hooymans J, van der Mei H. Surface thermodynamics and adhesion forces governing bacterial transmission in contact lens related microbial keratitis. J Colloid Interface Sci. 2011;358:430-6 pubmed publisher
    Contact lens induced microbial keratitis results from bacterial transmission from one surface to another...
  51. Chuang C, Hsiao C, Tan H, Ma D, Lin K, Chang C, et al. Staphylococcus aureus ocular infection: methicillin-resistance, clinical features, and antibiotic susceptibilities. PLoS ONE. 2012;8:e42437 pubmed publisher
    ..aureus (MSSA) infections...
  52. Willcox M. Review of resistance of ocular isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and staphylococci from keratitis to ciprofloxacin, gentamicin and cephalosporins. Clin Exp Optom. 2011;94:161-8 pubmed publisher
    Microbial keratitis is a rare disease but most commonly caused by bacterial infection. Two of the most common bacteria to cause microbial keratitis are Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus...
  53. Chee S, Bacsal K, Jap A, Se Thoe S, Cheng C, Tan B. Corneal endotheliitis associated with evidence of cytomegalovirus infection. Ophthalmology. 2007;114:798-803 pubmed
    ..Repeat PCR analysis in all the treated eyes was negative for CMV DNA. Cytomegalovirus infection is an important cause of corneal endotheliitis in our patients, and appropriate antiviral therapy may prevent more ocular damage. ..
  54. Nayak N, Satpathy G, Vajpayee R, Mrudula S. Phenotypic and plasmid pattern analysis of Staphylococcus epidermidis in bacterial keratitis. Indian J Ophthalmol. 2007;55:9-13 pubmed
    ..a commensal of the conjunctival sac has been incriminated as the commonest etiological agent of bacterial keratitis. However, the pathogenic potential of this commensal organism is not clearly known...
  55. Zhang S, Ahearn D, Noble Wang J, Stulting R, Schwam B, Simmons R, et al. Growth and survival of Fusarium solani-F. oxysporum complex on stressed multipurpose contact lens care solution films on plastic surfaces in situ and in vitro. Cornea. 2006;25:1210-6 pubmed
    To analyze factors implicating the association of ReNu with MoistureLoc (ReNu ML) multipurpose contact lens solution (MPS) with the increased incidence of Fusarium keratitis.
  56. Norcross E, Tullos N, Taylor S, Sanders M, Marquart M. Assessment of Streptococcus pneumoniae capsule in conjunctivitis and keratitis in vivo neuraminidase activity increases in nonencapsulated pneumococci following conjunctival infection. Curr Eye Res. 2010;35:787-98 pubmed publisher
    ..infections, yet reports show most conjunctivitis outbreaks are caused by nonencapsulated pneumococci, while keratitis infections are caused by encapsulated strains...
  57. Brasnu E, Bourcier T, Dupas B, Degorge S, Rodallec T, Laroche L, et al. In vivo confocal microscopy in fungal keratitis. Br J Ophthalmol. 2007;91:588-91 pubmed
    Fungal keratitis is a major blinding eye disease found throughout the world, particularly in developing countries...
  58. Diec J, Carnt N, Tilia D, Evans V, Rao V, Ozkan J, et al. Prompt diagnosis and treatment of microbial keratitis in a daily wear lens. Optom Vis Sci. 2009;86:E904-7 pubmed publisher
    Microbial keratitis (MK) is a serious sight-threatening complication occurring with and without contact lens wear...
  59. Preechawat P, Ratananikom U, Lerdvitayasakul R, Kunavisarut S. Contact lens-related microbial keratitis. J Med Assoc Thai. 2007;90:737-43 pubmed
    To review the clinical and microbiological profile in patients with contact lens-related microbial keratitis (CLRMK).
  60. Xie L, Zhai H, Shi W. Penetrating keratoplasty for corneal perforations in fungal keratitis. Cornea. 2007;26:158-62 pubmed
    To evaluate the complications and therapeutic effects of penetrating keratoplasty (PKP) in the treatment of corneal perforations in fungal keratitis.