Summary: A division of predominantly marine EUKARYOTA, commonly known as brown algae, having CHROMATOPHORES containing carotenoid PIGMENTS, BIOLOGICAL. ALGINATES and phlorotannins occur widely in all major orders. They are considered the most highly evolved algae because of their well-developed multicellular organization and structural complexity.

Top Publications

  1. Sellimi S, Ksouda G, Benslima A, Nasri R, Rinaudo M, Nasri M, et al. Enhancing colour and oxidative stabilities of reduced-nitrite turkey meat sausages during refrigerated storage using fucoxanthin purified from the Tunisian seaweed Cystoseira barbata. Food Chem Toxicol. 2017;107:620-629 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, CBFX, with noticeable antioxidant and antihyertensive effects, could be used as a natural additive in functional foods to alleviate potential human health hazards caused by carcinogenic nitrosamines formation. ..
  2. Eo H, Park J, Jeon Y, Lim Y. Ameliorative Effect of Ecklonia cava Polyphenol Extract on Renal Inflammation Associated with Aberrant Energy Metabolism and Oxidative Stress in High Fat Diet-Induced Obese Mice. J Agric Food Chem. 2017;65:3811-3818 pubmed publisher
    ..Consequently, the results provide novel insights into the anti-inflammatory roles of ECPE in obesity-induced renal inflammation. ..
  3. Silva J, Alves C, Pinteus S, Mendes S, Pedrosa R. Neuroprotective effects of seaweeds against 6-hydroxidopamine-induced cell death on an in vitro human neuroblastoma model. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2018;18:58 pubmed publisher
    ..These results suggest that seaweeds can be a promising source of new compounds with neuroprotective potential. ..
  4. Tjeerdsma F, Jonkman M, Spoo J. Temporary arrest of basal cell carcinoma formation in a patient with basal cell naevus syndrome (BCNS) since treatment with a gel containing various plant extracts. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol. 2011;25:244-5 pubmed publisher
  5. Cock J, Coelho S, Brownlee C, Taylor A. The Ectocarpus genome sequence: insights into brown algal biology and the evolutionary diversity of the eukaryotes. New Phytol. 2010;188:1-4 pubmed publisher
  6. Jose G, Kurup G. The efficacy of sulfated polysaccharides from Padina tetrastromatica in modulating the immune functions of RAW 264.7 cells. Biomed Pharmacother. 2017;88:677-683 pubmed publisher
    ..The evaluations signify the possibilities of SPS as potent immunostimulators during immune deficiencies. ..
  7. Rajeshkumar S. Phytochemical constituents of fucoidan (Padina tetrastromatica) and its assisted AgNPs for enhanced antibacterial activity. IET Nanobiotechnol. 2017;11:292-299 pubmed publisher
    ..This enhanced synergistic effect potentially superior to control the growth of bacteria and it is the budding process for the development of new remedial agents for severe diseases. ..
  8. Chakraborty K, Thilakan B, Raola V. Antimicrobial polyketide furanoterpenoids from seaweed-associated heterotrophic bacterium Bacillus subtilis MTCC 10403. Phytochemistry. 2017;142:112-125 pubmed publisher
    ..Seaweed-associated B. subtilis MTCC 10403 demonstrated to represent a potential source of antimicrobial polyketides for pharmaceutical applications. ..
  9. Park B, Shin W, Oh S, Park G, Kim N, Lee S. A novel antihypertension agent, sargachromenol D from marine brown algae, Sargassum siliquastrum, exerts dual action as an L-type Ca2+ channel blocker and endothelin A/B2 receptor antagonist. Bioorg Med Chem. 2017;25:4649-4655 pubmed publisher

More Information


  1. Rui X, Pan H, Shao S, Xu X. Anti-tumor and anti-angiogenic effects of Fucoidan on prostate cancer: possible JAK-STAT3 pathway. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2017;17:378 pubmed publisher
    ..All these findings provided novel complementary and alternative strategies to treat prostate cancer. ..
  2. Lee J, Kang J, Choe H, Seong C. Flavivirga eckloniae sp. nov. and Flavivirga aquimarina sp. nov., isolated from seaweed Ecklonia cava. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2017;67:3089-3094 pubmed publisher
    ..nov. (type strain, ECD14T=KCTC 52352T=JCM 31797T) and Flavivirga aquimarina sp. nov. (type strain, EC2D5T=KCTC 52353T=JCM 31796T) are proposed. ..
  3. Hoshino T, Hayashi T, Hayashi K, Hamada J, Lee J, Sankawa U. An antivirally active sulfated polysaccharide from Sargassum horneri (TURNER) C. AGARDH. Biol Pharm Bull. 1998;21:730-4 pubmed
    ..Time-of-addition experiments suggested that it inhibited not only the initial stages of viral infection, such as attachment to and penetration into host cells, but also later replication stages after virus penetration. ..
  4. Nogueira P, Gambi M, Vizzini S, Califano G, Tavares A, Santos R, et al. Altered epiphyte community and sea urchin diet in Posidonia oceanica meadows in the vicinity of volcanic CO2 vents. Mar Environ Res. 2017;127:102-111 pubmed publisher
    ..e. ? 0.32 units of pH by 2100), is still necessary to better understand cascading effects of this altered urchin exploitation of food resources under acidified conditions on ecosystem diversity and function. ..
  5. Desideri D, Meli M, Roselli C, Feduzi L, Ugolini L. 210Polonium bioaccessibility assessment in algae for human consumption: An in vitro gastrointestinal digestion method. J Toxicol Environ Health A. 2017;80:230-235 pubmed publisher
    ..The difference between Po gastric mobility with respect to that found for GIT digestion was not significant; in fact, Po mobility exhibited a mean value 17.2 ± 15.1% and 19.5 ± 11.5% for gastric and GIT digestion, respectively. ..
  6. Hermund D, Plaza M, Turner C, Jonsdottir R, Kristinsson H, Jacobsen C, et al. Structure dependent antioxidant capacity of phlorotannins from Icelandic Fucus vesiculosus by UHPLC-DAD-ECD-QTOFMS. Food Chem. 2018;240:904-909 pubmed publisher
    ..On-line determination of antioxidant capacity of the individual phlorotannins generally showed that low molecular phlorotannins exhibited higher antioxidant capacity and that the capacity decreased with polymerisation. ..
  7. Bogaert K, Beeckman T, De Clerck O. Egg activation-triggered shape change in the Dictyota dichotoma (Phaeophyceae) zygote is actin-myosin and secretion dependent. Ann Bot. 2017;120:529-538 pubmed publisher
    ..dichotoma and the oogamous brown algal model system Fucus . ..