Summary: A common name (but used formally) for a group of organisms that are mostly kinds of algae including BACILLARIOPHYTA; OOMYCETES; PHAEOPHYCEAE; and CHRYSOPHYCEAE. They all contain CHLOROPLASTS that are thought to have been derived from the endosymbiosis of ancient RED ALGAE.

Top Publications

  1. Udayan A, Arumugam M. Selective enrichment of Eicosapentaenoic acid (20:5n-3) in N. oceanica CASA CC201 by natural auxin supplementation. Bioresour Technol. 2017;242:329-333 pubmed publisher
    ..05% DCW). Lipid yield is also found to be increased by the addition of 40ppm IAA (319.5mg/L) compared with the control (121.5mg/L). EPA percentage is increased to 10.76% by the addition of 40ppm IAA compared to the control (1.87%). ..
  2. Chukhutsina V, Fristedt R, Morosinotto T, Croce R. Photoprotection strategies of the alga Nannochloropsis gaditana. Biochim Biophys Acta Bioenerg. 2017;1858:544-552 pubmed publisher
    ..A multistep model for NPQ induction and relaxation in N. gaditana is discussed. ..
  3. Cheng T, Zhang W, Zhang W, Yuan G, Wang H, Liu T. An oleaginous filamentous microalgae Tribonema minus exhibits high removing potential of industrial phenol contaminants. Bioresour Technol. 2017;238:749-754 pubmed publisher
    ..So Tribonema minus is a potential algal specie to help the construction of integrated process for both oleaginous biomass production and bioremediation of phenol contaminants. ..
  4. Zhou W, Wang H, Chen L, Cheng W, Liu T. Heterotrophy of filamentous oleaginous microalgae Tribonema minus for potential production of lipid and palmitoleic acid. Bioresour Technol. 2017;239:250-257 pubmed publisher
    ..8gL-1 K2HPO4, 24mgL-1 ammonium ferric citrate, initial pH of 6, and temperature of 27°C were determined as the appropriate conditions for heterotrophic growth and lipid production. ..
  5. Teuling E, Wierenga P, Schrama J, Gruppen H. Comparison of Protein Extracts from Various Unicellular Green Sources. J Agric Food Chem. 2017;65:7989-8002 pubmed publisher
    ..0. Overall, the characterization and extraction protocol used allows a relatively fast and well-described isolation of purified proteins from novel protein sources. ..
  6. Otagiri M, Khalid A, Moriya S, Osada H, Takahashi S. Novel squalene-producing thraustochytrids found in mangrove water. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2017;81:2034-2037 pubmed publisher
    ..9-7.54 mg squalene/g dry cell weight. Eight isolates were found to belong to potentially novel squalene-producing genera, forming a monophyletic cluster independent from any known thraustochytrids. ..
  7. Abrahamian M, Kagda M, Ah Fong A, Judelson H. Rethinking the evolution of eukaryotic metabolism: novel cellular partitioning of enzymes in stramenopiles links serine biosynthesis to glycolysis in mitochondria. BMC Evol Biol. 2017;17:241 pubmed publisher
    ..of this canon has been challenged by recent genome data that suggest that some glycolytic enzymes made by stramenopiles bear mitochondrial targeting peptides...
  8. Kammerlander B, Breiner H, Filker S, Sommaruga R, Sonntag B, Stoeck T. High diversity of protistan plankton communities in remote high mountain lakes in the European Alps and the Himalayan mountains. FEMS Microbiol Ecol. 2015;91: pubmed publisher
    ..0% OTUs 97%, operational taxonomic units), Stramenopiles (34.0% OTUs 97%), Cryptophyta (4.0% OTUs 97%), Chloroplastida (3.6% OTUs 97%) and Fungi (1.7% OTUs 97%)...
  9. Suh S, Kim S, Kim J, Hong J, Lee S, Youn U, et al. Anticancer activities of ethanol extract from the Antarctic freshwater microalga, Botryidiopsidaceae sp. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2017;17:509 pubmed publisher
    ..These data suggest that ETBO is a promising therapeutic agent in cancer therapy and drug discovery. ..

More Information


  1. Safi C, Cabas Rodriguez L, Mulder W, Engelen Smit N, Spekking W, van den Broek L, et al. Energy consumption and water-soluble protein release by cell wall disruption of Nannochloropsis gaditana. Bioresour Technol. 2017;239:204-210 pubmed publisher
    ..The energy cost per unit of released protein ranged from 0.15-0.25 €.kgProtein-1 in case of HPH, and up to 2-20 €.kgProtein-1 in case of PEF. ..
  2. Adachi T, Sahara T, Okuyama H, Morita N. Glass Bead-based Genetic Transformation:An Efficient Method for Transformation of Thraustochytrid Microorganisms. J Oleo Sci. 2017;66:791-795 pubmed publisher
    ..The method reported here is simpler than methods using enzymes to generate spheroplasts and may provide advantages for PUFA production by using genetically modified thraustochytrids. ..
  3. Ajjawi I, Verruto J, Aqui M, Soriaga L, Coppersmith J, Kwok K, et al. Lipid production in Nannochloropsis gaditana is doubled by decreasing expression of a single transcriptional regulator. Nat Biotechnol. 2017;35:647-652 pubmed publisher
    ..0 g m-2 d-1) as that in the wild type (∼2.5 g m-2 d-1) under semicontinuous growth conditions and had little effect on growth. ..