ulmus

Summary

Summary: A plant genus of the family ULMACEAE that is susceptible to Dutch elm disease which is caused by the ASCOMYCOTA fungus, Ophiostoma.

Top Publications

  1. Jin U, Suh S, Park S, Kim K, Kwon D, Kim C. Inhibition of mouse osteoblast proliferation and prostaglandin E2 synthesis by Ulmus davidiana Planch (Ulmaceae). Food Chem Toxicol. 2008;46:2135-42 pubmed publisher
    b>Ulmus davidiana Planch (Ulmaceae) (UD) is a widely used Korean herbal medicine that has been used historically in anti-inflammatory and anticancer therapy...
  2. Rawat P, Kumar M, Sharan K, Chattopadhyay N, Maurya R. Ulmosides A and B: flavonoid 6-C-glycosides from Ulmus wallichiana, stimulating osteoblast differentiation assessed by alkaline phosphatase. Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2009;19:4684-7 pubmed publisher
    Chemical investigation of Ulmus wallichiana stem bark resulted in isolation and identification of three new compounds (2S,3S)-(+)-3',4',5,7-tetrahydroxydihydroflavonol-6-C-beta-D-glucopyranoside (1), (2S,3S)-(+)-4',5,7-..
  3. Swarnkar G, Sharan K, Siddiqui J, Chakravarti B, Rawat P, Kumar M, et al. A novel flavonoid isolated from the steam-bark of Ulmus wallichiana planchon stimulates osteoblast function and inhibits osteoclast and adipocyte differentiation. Eur J Pharmacol. 2011;658:65-73 pubmed publisher
    2S,3S)-Aromadendrin-6-C-?-d-glucopyranoside (AG) is a novel flavonol isolated from the extract of Ulmus wallichiana (Himalayan Elm). Extract of U. wallichiana is used as a traditional medicine for rapid fracture repair in India...
  4. Kim Y, Lee M, Sung S, Kim S. Sesquiterpenes from Ulmus davidiana var. japonica with the inhibitory effects on lipopolysaccharide-induced nitric oxide production. Fitoterapia. 2007;78:196-9 pubmed
    Investigation of antiinflammatory constituents of the stem and root barks of Ulmus davidiana var...
  5. Ghelardini L, Santini A, Black Samuelsson S, Myking T, Falusi M. Bud dormancy release in elm (Ulmus spp.) clones--a case study of photoperiod and temperature responses. Tree Physiol. 2010;30:264-74 pubmed publisher
    ..Italy) was studied under different photoperiodic and temperature treatments in collected twigs of two European (Ulmus glabra Huds. and Ulmus minor Mill.) and four Asian (Ulmus pumila L., Ulmus parvifolia Jacq...
  6. Hu D, Ma G, Wang Q, Yao J, Wang Y, Pritchard H, et al. Spatial and temporal nature of reactive oxygen species production and programmed cell death in elm (Ulmus pumila L.) seeds during controlled deterioration. Plant Cell Environ. 2012;35:2045-59 pubmed publisher
    Seed deterioration is poorly understood and remains an active area for research. Seeds of elm (Ulmus pumila L...
  7. Gao J, Xu G, Qian H, Liu P, Zhao P, Hu Y. Effects of nano-TiO? on photosynthetic characteristics of Ulmus elongata seedlings. Environ Pollut. 2013;176:63-70 pubmed publisher
    The physiological and ecological responses of Ulmus elongata to different concentrations of nano-anatase TiO2 solutions were investigated in this study and we found that with foliar application of 0.1% (T1), 0.2% (T2) and 0...
  8. Lee S, Lim K. UDN glycoprotein regulates activities of manganese-superoxide dismutase, activator protein-1, and nuclear factor-kappaB stimulated by reactive oxygen radicals in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated HCT-116 cells. Cancer Lett. 2007;254:274-87 pubmed
    ..carried out to investigate the anti-inflammatory effects of glycoprotein (UDN glycoprotein, 116-kDa) isolated from Ulmus davidiana Nakai, which has been used to heal inflammatory diseases in Korean herbal medicine...
  9. Newhouse A, Schrodt F, Liang H, Maynard C, Powell W. Transgenic American elm shows reduced Dutch elm disease symptoms and normal mycorrhizal colonization. Plant Cell Rep. 2007;26:977-87 pubmed
    The American elm (Ulmus americana L.) was once one of the most common urban trees in eastern North America until Dutch-elm disease (DED), caused by the fungus Ophiostoma novo-ulmi, eliminated most of the mature trees...

More Information

Publications83

  1. Sharan K, Swarnkar G, Siddiqui J, Kumar A, Rawat P, Kumar M, et al. A novel flavonoid, 6-C-beta-d-glucopyranosyl-(2S,3S)-(+)-3',4',5,7-tetrahydroxyflavanone, isolated from Ulmus wallichiana Planchon mitigates ovariectomy-induced osteoporosis in rats. Menopause. 2010;17:577-86 pubmed publisher
    ..was to determine the skeletal effect of 6-C-beta-d-glucopyranosyl-(2S,3S)-(+)-3',4',5,7-tetrahydroxyflavanone (GTDF)/Ulmoside A, a new compound isolated from the extract of Ulmus wallichiana in a rat model of postmenopausal bone loss.
  2. Choi S, Lee S, Choi W, Lee Y, Jo Y, Ha T. Isolation and anti-inflammatory activity of Bakuchiol from Ulmus davidiana var. japonica. J Med Food. 2010;13:1019-23 pubmed publisher
    The bark of the root and stem of Ulmus davidiana var. japonica has been used as a traditional Korean medicine to treat inflammatory disorders. This plant reportedly exhibits antioxidant, anticancer, and anti-inflammatory effects...
  3. Sharan K, Siddiqui J, Swarnkar G, Tyagi A, Kumar A, Rawat P, et al. Extract and fraction from Ulmus wallichiana Planchon promote peak bone achievement and have a nonestrogenic osteoprotective effect. Menopause. 2010;17:393-402 pubmed publisher
    ..the skeletal effects of total ethanolic extract (TEE) and its butanolic fraction (BF) from the stem-bark of Ulmus wallichiana, which is rich in C-glycosylated flavonoids, in growing rats (for peak bone [PB] achievement) and in ..
  4. Lee S, Oh P, Ko J, Lim K, Lim K. Protective effect of glycoprotein isolated from Ulmus davidiana Nakai on carbon tetrachloride-induced mouse liver injury. J Pharm Pharmacol. 2006;58:143-52 pubmed
    This study was carried out to evaluate the hepatoprotective activity of glycoprotein isolated from the stems of Ulmus davidiana Nakai (UDN), which has been used as an anti-inflammatory agent in folk medicine...
  5. Lee S, Lim K. Glycoprotein isolated from Ulmus davidiana Nakai regulates expression of iNOS and COX-2 in vivo and in vitro. Food Chem Toxicol. 2007;45:990-1000 pubmed
    This study was carried out to investigate the anti-inflammatory potential of a 116-kDa glycoprotein isolated from Ulmus davidiana Nakai (UDN glycoprotein, 116 kDa) in lipopolysaccaride (LPS)-treated RAW 264...
  6. Jones A, Chattopadhyay A, Shukla M, Zon J, Saxena P. Inhibition of phenylpropanoid biosynthesis increases cell wall digestibility, protoplast isolation, and facilitates sustained cell division in American elm (Ulmus americana). BMC Plant Biol. 2012;12:75 pubmed publisher
    ..Applying protoplast technologies to develop Dutch elm disease resistant American elms (Ulmus americana L.) was proposed over 30 years ago, but has not been achieved...
  7. Martín J, Solla A, Coimbra M, Gil L. Metabolic distinction of Ulmus minor xylem tissues after inoculation with Ophiostoma novo-ulmi. Phytochemistry. 2005;66:2458-67 pubmed
    ..Twig samples from susceptible and resistant Ulmus minor trees were harvested at 0, 5, 15, 30, 60, and 120 days post-inoculation (dpi) with O. novo-ulmi...
  8. Bosu P, Wagner M. Effects of induced water stress on leaf trichome density and foliar nutrients of three elm (Ulmus) species: implications for resistance to the elm leaf beetle. Environ Entomol. 2007;36:595-601 pubmed
    ..The species tested were Ulmus pumila L. (Siberian elm = highly susceptible), U. parvifolia Jacq. (Chinese elm = resistant), and U. americana L...
  9. Shi L, Zhang Z, Zhang C, Zhang J. Effects of sand burial on survival, growth, gas exchange and biomass allocation of Ulmus pumila seedlings in the Hunshandak Sandland, China. Ann Bot. 2004;94:553-60 pubmed
    In the last decade, the number of young plants of Ulmus pumila in the Hunshandak Sandland has decreased sharply because of severe sand burial, and their ecological protective function has been weakened...
  10. Lee G, Jang D, Kim J, Kim C, Kim Y, Kim J, et al. Flavan-3-ols from Ulmus davidiana var. japonica with inhibitory activity on protein glycation. Planta Med. 2008;74:1800-2 pubmed publisher
    ..A-1 ( 5) as well as three other constituents, isolated from an EtOAc-soluble extract of the stem barks of Ulmus davidiana var. japonica, were evaluated for inhibitory activity against the formation of AGEs...
  11. Aoun M, Rioux D, Simard M, Bernier L. Fungal colonization and host defense reactions in Ulmus americana callus cultures inoculated with Ophiostoma novo-ulmi. Phytopathology. 2009;99:642-50 pubmed publisher
    ..Friable and hard susceptible Ulmus americana callus cultures were inoculated with the highly aggressive pathogen Ophiostoma novo-ulmi...
  12. Lee M, Seo C, Ha H, Jung D, Lee H, Lee N, et al. Protective effects of Ulmus davidiana var. japonica against OVA-induced murine asthma model via upregulation of heme oxygenase-1. J Ethnopharmacol. 2010;130:61-9 pubmed publisher
    Traditionally, the stem and root bark of Ulmus davidiana var. japonica (Ulmaceae) are Korean herbal medicines used for anti-inflammatory and anticancer therapy. In this study, we investigated the protective effects of Ulmus davidiana var...
  13. Lee E, Park C, Jung Y. Anti-inflammatory and immune-modulating effect of Ulmus davidiana var. japonica Nakai extract on a macrophage cell line and immune cells in the mouse small intestine. J Ethnopharmacol. 2013;146:608-13 pubmed publisher
    Traditional Oriental medicine has utilized the barks of the stem and root of Ulmus davidiana var. japonica Nakai (UD) to treat inflammatory disorders.
  14. Ko J, Lim K. Glycoprotein isolated from Ulmus davidiana NAKAI protects against carbon tetrachloride-induced liver injury in the mouse. J Pharmacol Sci. 2006;101:205-13 pubmed
    b>Ulmus davidiana NAKAI (UDN) has traditionally been used for healing of inflammatory diseases...
  15. Temple B, Pines P, Hintz W. A nine-year genetic survey of the causal agent of Dutch elm disease, Ophiostoma novo-ulmi in Winnipeg, Canada. Mycol Res. 2006;110:594-600 pubmed
    ..The highly clonal nature of the pathogen population may be exploited in a control strategy...
  16. Wang D, Xia M, Cui Z, Tashiro S, Onodera S, Ikejima T. Cytotoxic effects of mansonone E and F isolated from Ulmus pumila. Biol Pharm Bull. 2004;27:1025-30 pubmed
    Two sesquiterpenoids, mansonone E (ME) and mansonone F (MF) were first isolated from the dried root bark of Ulmus pumila (shironire in Japanese), and their antiproliferative activities on human tumor cells were evaluated in vitro...
  17. Gil L, Fuentes Utrilla P, Soto A, Cervera M, Collada C. Phylogeography: English elm is a 2,000-year-old Roman clone. Nature. 2004;431:1053 pubmed
    ..ravaged European elm populations, killing more than 25 million trees in Britain alone; the greatest impact was on Ulmus procera, otherwise known as the English elm...
  18. Martín J, Solla A, García Vallejo M, Gil L. Chemical changes in Ulmus minor xylem tissue after salicylic acid or carvacrol treatments are associated with enhanced resistance to Ophiostoma novo-ulmi. Phytochemistry. 2012;83:104-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The chemical changes induced by SA or CA treatments in Ulmus minor were studied through gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis of xylem tissues...
  19. Siddiqui J, Sharan K, Swarnkar G, Rawat P, Kumar M, Manickavasagam L, et al. Quercetin-6-C-?-D-glucopyranoside isolated from Ulmus wallichiana planchon is more potent than quercetin in inhibiting osteoclastogenesis and mitigating ovariectomy-induced bone loss in rats. Menopause. 2011;18:198-207 pubmed publisher
    The aim of this study was to determine the skeletal effect of quercetin-6-C-?-D-glucopyranoside (QCG) isolated from the extract of Ulmus wallichiana and compare this effect with quercetin (Q) in a rat model of postmenopausal bone loss.
  20. Kim K, Lee S, Kim K, Kil S, Chung K, Kim C. Suppressive effects of a water extract of Ulmus davidiana Planch (Ulmaceae) on collagen-induced arthritis in mice. J Ethnopharmacol. 2005;97:65-71 pubmed
    b>Ulmus davidiana Planch (Ulmaceae) has long been known to have anti-inflammatory and protective effects on damaged tissue, inflammation and bone resorption...
  21. Chen X, Xu L. Phenological responses of Ulmus pumila (Siberian Elm) to climate change in the temperate zone of China. Int J Biometeorol. 2012;56:695-706 pubmed publisher
    Using Ulmus pumila (Siberian Elm) leaf unfolding and leaf fall phenological data from 46 stations in the temperate zone of China for the period 1986-2005, we detected linear trends in both start and end dates and length of the growing ..
  22. Martín J, Witzell J, Blumenstein K, Rozpedowska E, Helander M, Sieber T, et al. Resistance to Dutch elm disease reduces presence of xylem endophytic fungi in Elms (Ulmus spp.). PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e56987 pubmed publisher
    ..this issue, we compared the frequency and diversity of endophytic fungi and defensive phenolic metabolites in elm (Ulmus spp.) trees with genotypes known to differ in resistance to Dutch elm disease...
  23. Solla A, Martin J, Corral P, Gil L. Seasonal changes in wood formation of Ulmus pumila and U. minor and its relation with Dutch elm disease. New Phytol. 2005;166:1025-34 pubmed
    ..However, recent measurements in Ulmus pumila and U. minor showed a contrary trend...
  24. Jung H, Jeon H, Lim E, Ahn E, Song Y, Lee S, et al. Anti-angiogenic activity of the methanol extract and its fractions of Ulmus davidiana var. japonica. J Ethnopharmacol. 2007;112:406-9 pubmed
    This study aimed to elucidate anti-angiogenic activity of Ulmus davidiana var. japonica that has been widely used in folk medicine. The methanol extract (UDE) of Ulmus davidiana var...
  25. Choi H, Choi H, Park M, Chung T, Joo M, Kim C, et al. n-Butyl-α-D-fructofuranoside Isolated from Ulmus davidiana Enhances Nrf2 Activity Through Activation of JNK. Curr Pharm Biotechnol. 2016;17:1181-1188 pubmed
    The root bark of Ulmus davidiana Nakai (Ulmaceae), a traditional Korean medicinal plant, is used for treating inflammatory diseases. We investigated the Nrf2-activating effect of U...
  26. Lee J, Lee Y, Chang Y. Effects of selenylation modification on structural and antioxidant properties of pectic polysaccharides extracted from Ulmus pumila L. Int J Biol Macromol. 2017;104:1124-1132 pubmed publisher
    ..the effects of selenylation on structural and antioxidant activities of pectic polysaccharides extracted from Ulmus pumila L. (PPU). Selenylation of PPU (Se-PPU) was synthesized by different concentrations of sodium selenites (0...
  27. Bosu P, Wagner M. Anatomical and nutritional factors associated with susceptibility of elms (Ulmus spp.) to the elm leaf beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). J Econ Entomol. 2008;101:944-54 pubmed
    A wide range of susceptibility exists across elm (Ulmus) species and hybrids to the elm leaf beetle, Pyrrhalta luteola (Müller) (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae)...
  28. Nuttle T, Haefner J. Seed dispersal in heterogeneous environments: bridging the gap between mechanistic dispersal and forest dynamics models. Am Nat. 2005;165:336-49 pubmed
  29. Kim T, Shin S, Kim T, Youm S, Kim D, Ahn B. Elm tree bark extract inhibits HepG2 hepatic cancer cell growth via pro-apoptotic activity. J Vet Sci. 2012;13:7-13 pubmed
    ..These results suggest that BEE may have potential use in hepatic cancer chemoprevention by suppressing cancer cell growth via pro-apoptotic activity. ..
  30. Hawrelak J, Myers S. Effects of two natural medicine formulations on irritable bowel syndrome symptoms: a pilot study. J Altern Complement Med. 2010;16:1065-71 pubmed publisher
    ..The DA-IBS formula was designed to treat diarrhea-predominant and alternating bowel habit IBS, and the C-IBS formula was designed to treat constipation-predominant IBS...
  31. Zalapa J, Brunet J, Guries R. Genetic diversity and relationships among Dutch elm disease tolerant Ulmus pumila L. accessions from China. Genome. 2008;51:492-500 pubmed publisher
    Elm breeding programs worldwide have relied heavily on Asian elm germplasm, particularly Ulmus pumila, for the breeding of Dutch elm disease tolerant cultivars...
  32. Li H, He X, Wang K, Chen W. [Photosynthetic characteristics of five arbor species in Shenyang urban area]. Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao. 2007;18:1709-14 pubmed
    ..berolinensis, Salix matsudana, Ulmus pumila, Robinia pseudoacacia and Prunus davidiana) in Shenyang urban area...
  33. Qin J, Shangguan Z. [Leaf nutrient contents and photosynthetic physiological characteristics of Ulmus pumila-Robinia pseudocacia mixed forests]. Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao. 2010;21:2228-34 pubmed
    ..and chlorophyll contents, photosynthetic gas exchange parameters, and chlorophyll fluorescence parameters in pure Ulmus pumila forest, pure Robinia pseudoacacia forest, and U. pumila-R...
  34. Pazoutova S, Srůtka P, Holusa J, Chudícková M, Kubatova A, Kolařík M. Liberomyces gen. nov. with two new species of endophytic coelomycetes from broadleaf trees. Mycologia. 2012;104:198-210 pubmed publisher
    ..of endophytic and saprotrophic fungi in the sapwood and phloem of broadleaf trees (Salix alba, Quercus robur, Ulmus laevis, Alnus glutinosa, Betula pendula) fungi belonging to an anamorphic coelomycetous genus not attributable to ..
  35. Kim S, Lee S, Nam S, Friedman M. Elm Tree (Ulmus parvifolia) Bark Bioprocessed with Mycelia of Shiitake (Lentinus edodes) Mushrooms in Liquid Culture: Composition and Mechanism of Protection against Allergic Asthma in Mice. J Agric Food Chem. 2016;64:773-84 pubmed publisher
    ..The present study investigated the antiasthma effect of an Ulmus parvifolia bark extract bioprocessed in Lentinus edodes liquid mycelium culture (BPUBE) against allergic asthma in ..
  36. Rivas R, Trujillo M, Mateos P, Martínez Molina E, Velázquez E. Agromyces ulmi sp. nov., a xylanolytic bacterium isolated from Ulmus nigra in Spain. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2004;54:1987-90 pubmed
    Two xylan-degrading bacterial strains were isolated from a decayed Ulmus nigra tree in Spain. The isolates were Gram-positive, non-motile, aerobic and formed substrate mycelium which fragmented into irregular rods...
  37. Yung L, Lagron J, Cazaux D, Limmer M, Chalot M. Phytoscreening as an efficient tool to delineate chlorinated solvent sources at a chlor-alkali facility. Chemosphere. 2017;174:82-89 pubmed publisher
    ..Within the panel of tree genera sampled, Quercus and Ulmus appeared to be efficient biomonitors of subjacent TCE and PCE contamination, in addition to the well known and ..
  38. Oghiakhe S, Holliday N. Evaluation of insecticides for control of overwintering Hylurgopinus rufipes (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). J Econ Entomol. 2011;104:889-94 pubmed
    ..Insecticides were applied to the base of the trunks of living American elm trees, Ulmus americana L., and bark disk samples were removed at intervals with a hole saw. Adult H...
  39. Kim E, Jang M, Yoon E, Jung C, Nam D, Lee S, et al. Efficacy of pharmacopuncture using root bark of Ulmus davidiana Planch in patients with knee osteoarthritis: a double-blind randomized controlled trial. J Acupunct Meridian Stud. 2010;3:16-23 pubmed publisher
    ..The experimental group (n = 30) received pharmacopuncture using root bark of Ulmus davidiana Planch (UDP) twice a week for 6 weeks; the control group (n = 30) received normal saline injections...
  40. Miri M, Allahabadi A, Ghaffari H, Fathabadi Z, Raisi Z, Rezai M, et al. Ecological risk assessment of heavy metal (HM) pollution in the ambient air using a new bio-indicator. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2016;23:14210-20 pubmed publisher
    ..this descriptive-analytical study was to measure the concentration of heavy metals (HMs) in the leaf and bark of Ulmus carpinifolia as new biological indicators, and the ecological risk assessment of these metals in the ambient air...
  41. Soika G, Gol A, Honarmand A, Wozińska A, Sadeghi H. New records of eriophyoid mites from Iran (Acari: Trombidiformes: Eriophyoidea) and a description of a new <i>Brevulacus</i> Manson species. Zootaxa. 2017;4216:zootaxa.4216.4.2 pubmed publisher
    ..sp. (Diptilomiopidae), found on Salix sp. (Salicaceae); Aceria wallichianae Keifer, 1975 from Ulmus minor (Ulmaceae); Aceria granulata Carmona, 1972 from Verbascum spp...
  42. Pita P, Rodríguez Calcerrada J, Medel D, Gil L. Further insights into the components of resistance to Ophiostoma novo-ulmi in Ulmus minor: hydraulic conductance, stomatal sensitivity and bark dehydration. Tree Physiol. 2018;38:252-262 pubmed publisher
    ..We investigated the differences between four Ulmus minor Mill...
  43. Lee S, Heo K, Oh P, Lim K, Lim K. Glycoprotein isolated from Ulmus davidiana Nakai inhibits TPA-induced apoptosis through nuclear factor-kappa B in NIH/3T3 cells. Toxicol Lett. 2004;146:159-74 pubmed
    Glycoprotein of Ulmus davidiana Nakai (UDN glycoprotein) was isolated and identified using SDS-PAGE...
  44. Laschimke R, Burger M, Vallen H. Acoustic emission analysis and experiments with physical model systems reveal a peculiar nature of the xylem tension. J Plant Physiol. 2006;163:996-1007 pubmed
    ..For Ulmus glabra, we recorded violent acoustic activity during both transpiration and re-hydration...
  45. Sbrana F, Fanelli D, Vassalli M, Carresi L, Scala A, Pazzagli L, et al. Progressive pearl necklace collapse mechanism for cerato-ulmin aggregation film. Eur Biophys J. 2010;39:971-7 pubmed publisher
    ..We propose and verify a simple model to describe the self-aggregation mechanism in terms of progressive thickening of the pearl chains due to the successive merging and collapse of the elementary constitutive units...
  46. Zhang Z, Liu P, Kang H, Liao C, Pan C, Li C. [FTIR spectra of endangered plants Ulmus elongata and its correlation to soil nitrogen]. Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi. 2008;28:1255-9 pubmed
    b>Ulmus elongata, an endemic species in China, is one of the grade II national key conservation rare and endangered plants...
  47. Plichta R, Urban J, Gebauer R, Dvořák M, Ďurkovič J. Long-term impact of Ophiostoma novo-ulmi on leaf traits and transpiration of branches in the Dutch elm hybrid 'Dodoens'. Tree Physiol. 2016;36:335-44 pubmed publisher
    ..Three years following fungal inoculation, phenotypic expressions for the majority of the examined traits revealed a constitutive nature for their possible role in Dutch elm disease tolerance of 'Dodoens' trees. ..
  48. Tai J, Cheung S. In Vitro culture studies of FlorEssence on human tumor cell lines. Phytother Res. 2005;19:107-12 pubmed
    ..The results suggest that FE at high concentrations show differential inhibitory effect on different human cancer cell lines. Further studies are needed to assess the biological activities of FE...
  49. Lorite P, Carrillo J, Garnería I, Petitpierre E, Palomeque T. Satellite DNA in the elm leaf beetle, Xanthogaleruca luteola (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae): characterization, interpopulation analysis, and chromosome location. Cytogenet Genome Res. 2002;98:302-7 pubmed
    ..These results could indicate the existence of processes of homogenization that would extend these mutations to all the satellite repeats...
  50. Mengoni A, Mocali S, Surico G, Tegli S, Fani R. Fluctuation of endophytic bacteria and phytoplasmosis in elm trees. Microbiol Res. 2003;158:363-9 pubmed
    ..2003). Results indicated that plants with symptoms of phytoplasmosis showed marked alterations in the extent of the fluctuations of the community along the seasons in the different plant organs...
  51. Sherif S, Shukla M, Murch S, Bernier L, Saxena P. Simultaneous induction of jasmonic acid and disease-responsive genes signifies tolerance of American elm to Dutch elm disease. Sci Rep. 2016;6:21934 pubmed publisher
    ..The present study not only provides better understanding of tolerance mechanisms to DED, but also represents a first, verified template for examining simultaneous transcriptomic changes during American elm-fungus interactions...
  52. Jones A, Saxena P. Inhibition of phenylpropanoid biosynthesis in Artemisia annua L.: a novel approach to reduce oxidative browning in plant tissue culture. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e76802 pubmed publisher
    ..annua. Additional experiments with Ulmus americana and Acer saccharum indicate this approach is effective in many species and it could have a wide ..
  53. Ko J, Lee S, Lim K. Hypolipidemic effect and antioxidant activity of glycoprotein isolated from Ulmus davidiana Nakai in Triton WR-1339-treated mouse. Cell Biochem Funct. 2007;25:495-500 pubmed
    The glycoprotein isolated from Ulmus davidiana Nakai (UDN) (UDN glycoprotein) has a molecular weight of 116 kDa and consists of 78.65% carbohydrate content and 21.35% protein content...
  54. Suh S, Yun W, Kim K, Jin U, Kim J, Kim M, et al. Stimulative effects of Ulmus davidiana Planch (Ulmaceae) on osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells. J Ethnopharmacol. 2007;109:480-5 pubmed
    b>Ulmus davidiana Planch (Ulmaceae) has long been known to have anti-inflammatory and protective effects on damaged tissue, inflammation and bone among other functions...
  55. Tang Y, Jiang D, Chen Z, Toshio O. [Effects of aboveground and belowground competition between grass and tree on elm seedlings growth in Horqin Sandy Land]. Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao. 2011;22:1955-60 pubmed
    ..With the age increase of elm seedlings, the effects of grass competition on the growth of elm seedlings became weaker...
  56. Lee J, Hamud S, Negrón J, Witcosky J, Seybold S. Semiochemical-mediated flight strategies of two invasive elm bark beetles: a potential factor in competitive displacement. Environ Entomol. 2010;39:642-52 pubmed publisher
    ..long-range flight responses infested or uninfested to small cut logs of American, Chinese, and Siberian elm, Ulmus americana, U. parvifolia, and U. pumila...
  57. Navratil M, Safárová D, Válová P, Fránová J, Simkova M. Phytoplasma associated with witches'-broom disease of Ulmus minor MILL . in the Czech Republic: Electron microscopy and molecular characterization. Folia Microbiol (Praha). 2009;54:37-42 pubmed publisher
    ..Some exceptions in unique oligonucleotide sequences defined for 'Ca. Phytoplasma ulmi' were found in the Czech isolate. This is the northernmost confirmed occurrence of phytoplasma on elm trees within Europe...
  58. Hartmann A, Abarzua S, Schlichting A, Richter D, Leinweber P, Briese V. Effects of elm bark extracts from Ulmus laevis on human chorion carcinoma cell lines. Arch Gynecol Obstet. 2011;284:1265-9 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, the anticancer effects of extracts from Ulmus laevis bark were tested in hormone-dependent gynecological tumours using human chorion carcinoma cell lines.
  59. Kwon J, Kim S, Park K, Lee M. Antioxidative and anti-inflammatory effects of phenolic compounds from the roots of Ulmus macrocarpa. Arch Pharm Res. 2011;34:1459-66 pubmed publisher
    The roots of Ulmus macrocarpa Hance (Ulmaceae) have been used as an oriental traditional medicine for the treatment of inflammation, ulcers, cancers, and parasites. Activity guided isolation from the roots of U...
  60. Chmielarz P. Cryopreservation of the non-dormant orthodox seeds of Ulmus glabra. Acta Biol Hung. 2010;61:224-33 pubmed publisher
    In order to evaluate the feasibility of cryopreservation of Wych elm ( Ulmus glabra Huds.) seeds, we evaluated the seeds sensitivity to extreme desiccation and/or the ultra-low temperature of liquid nitrogen (LN; -196 degrees C)...
  61. Conde P, Loureiro J, Santos C. Somatic embryogenesis and plant regeneration from leaves of Ulmus minor Mill. Plant Cell Rep. 2004;22:632-9 pubmed
    Somatic embryogenesis from mature elm ( Ulmus minor Mill.) in vitro-cloned material is possible. Embryogenic callus was obtained from leaves inoculated on two different MS-based media-one supplemented with 2...
  62. Biroscíková M, Spisáková K, Lipták S, Pichler V, Durkovic J. Micropropagation of mature wych elm (Ulmus glabra Huds.). Plant Cell Rep. 2004;22:640-4 pubmed
    Explants of mature vigorous donor trees of wych elm ( Ulmus glabra Huds...
  63. Carresi L, Comparini C, Bettini P, Pazzagli L, Cappugi G, Scala F, et al. Isolation of the orthologue of the cerato-ulmin gene in Ophiostoma quercus and characterization of the purified protein. Mycol Res. 2008;112:1245-55 pubmed publisher
    ..Finally, the contradiction between the consistent differences between these four Ophiostoma species in the cu gene region and in the CU proteins and their strict phylogenetic relationship is discussed...
  64. Yang W, Lee J, Sung Y, Kim D, Myung C, Kim H. Extract of Ulmus macrocarpa Hance prevents thrombus formation through antiplatelet activity. Mol Med Rep. 2013;8:726-30 pubmed publisher
    b>Ulmus macrocarpa Hance (Ulmaceae) has been used as a traditional oriental medicine for the treatment of edema, mastitis, gastric cancer and inflammation...
  65. Ko J, Lee S, Lim K. 116 kDa glycoprotein isolated from Ulmus davidiana Nakai (UDN) inhibits glucose/glucose oxidase (G/GO)-induced apoptosis in BNL CL.2 cells. J Ethnopharmacol. 2005;100:339-46 pubmed
    b>Ulmus davidiana Nakai (UDN) has been used in folk medicine for its anti-inflammatory activity. In the present study, we investigated the antiapoptotic effect of UDN glycoprotein in glucose/glucose oxidase (G/GO)-induced BNL CL.2 cells...
  66. Na Y, Hong H. [The effects of the ulmus root-bark dressing in tissue regeneration of induced pressure ulcers in rats]. Taehan Kanho Hakhoe Chi. 2006;36:523-31 pubmed
    The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of the ulmus root-bark dressing on tissue regeneration in experimentally-induced pressure ulcers in rats.
  67. Choi H, Park Y, Lu Y, Chang H, Na M, Lee S. Inhibition of prostaglandin D? production by trihydroxy fatty acids isolated from Ulmus davidiana var. japonica. Phytother Res. 2013;27:1376-80 pubmed publisher
    The stem and root barks of Ulmus davidiana var. japonica (Ulmaceae) have been used to treat inflammatory diseases including mastitis, rhinitis, sinusitis, and enteritis...
  68. Thakur R, Karnosky D. Micropropagation and germplasm conservation of Central Park Splendor Chinese elm (Ulmus parvifolia Jacq. 'A/Ross Central Park') trees. Plant Cell Rep. 2007;26:1171-7 pubmed
    ..been involved in a project to preserve and restore a large, cold hardy, and historically important Chinese elm (Ulmus parvifolia Jacq. 'A/Ross Central Park') tree...
  69. Bouvet G, Jacobi V, Bernier L. Characterization of three DNA transposons in the Dutch elm disease fungi and evidence of repeat-induced point (RIP) mutations. Fungal Genet Biol. 2007;44:430-43 pubmed
  70. Rui Y, Hao Y, Zhang F, Jin Y, Guo J. [Application of ICP-MS/ICP-AES to detection of 22 trace elements in fruits of elm]. Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi. 2007;27:2111-3 pubmed
    ..87, 8.81, 345.55, 0.78 and 347.97 ng x g(-1) (FW) in fruit of elm, which meet the national hygiene standards...
  71. Rivas R, Trujillo M, Mateos P, Martinez Molina E, Velázquez E. Cellulomonas xylanilytica sp. nov., a cellulolytic and xylanolytic bacterium isolated from a decayed elm tree. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2004;54:533-6 pubmed
    ..The name Cellulomonas xylanilytica sp. nov. is proposed, with strain XIL11(T) (=LMG 21723(T)=CECT 5729(T)) as the type strain...
  72. Lee S, Lim K. UDN glycoprotein inhibits activator protein-1 and matrix metalloproteinase-9 via blocking of oxygen radicals in HT-29 cells. Mol Cell Biochem. 2007;304:13-23 pubmed
    ..present study was performed to investigate the anti-inflammatory potential of a 116-kDa glycoprotein isolated from Ulmus davidiana Nakai (UDN glycoprotein) in lipopolysaccaride (LPS)-treated cancerous human colon epithelial cells (HT-..
  73. Burton R. The mathematical treatment of leaf venation: the variation in secondary vein length along the midrib. Ann Bot. 2004;93:149-56 pubmed
    ..Aspects of the formula are re-examined, including its general applicability, significance and usefulness...
  74. Dhyani A, Arora N, Gaur S, Jain V, Sridhara S, Singh B. Analysis of IgE binding proteins of mesquite (Prosopis juliflora) pollen and cross-reactivity with predominant tree pollens. Immunobiology. 2006;211:733-40 pubmed
    ..juliflora. The findings suggest that purification of cross-reactive allergens will be helpful for diagnosis and immunotherapy of tree pollen allergic patients...