Summary: Also known as currant, ribes is a member of the family GROSSULARIACEAE. Oil extracted from the seeds contain GAMMA-LINOLENIC ACID.

Top Publications

  1. Nielsen I, Haren G, Magnussen E, Dragsted L, Rasmussen S. Quantification of anthocyanins in commercial black currant juices by simple high-performance liquid chromatography. Investigation of their pH stability and antioxidative potency. J Agric Food Chem. 2003;51:5861-6 pubmed
    ..This indicated that <70% of the antioxidant capacity of the juices could be attributed to the anthocyanin content or to vitamin C, signifying that other very potent antioxidants are present in commercial black currant juices. ..
  2. Kasparaviciene G, Briedis V. [Stability and antioxidant activity of black currant and black aronia berry juices]. Medicina (Kaunas). 2003;39 Suppl 2:65-9 pubmed
    ..Fast and efficient drying methods for liquid products should be applied to preserve qualitative and quantitative composition and their antioxidant activity...
  3. Anttonen M, Karjalainen R. High-performance liquid chromatography analysis of black currant (Ribes nigrum L.) fruit phenolics grown either conventionally or organically. J Agric Food Chem. 2006;54:7530-8 pubmed
    Black currants (Ribes nigrum L.) contain a diverse range of phenolics and possess a high antioxidant activity, which makes them an interesting target for the functional food industry...
  4. Johnston J, Benson E, Harding K. Cryopreservation induces temporal DNA methylation epigenetic changes and differential transcriptional activity in Ribes germplasm. Plant Physiol Biochem. 2009;47:123-31 pubmed publisher
    The physiological and molecular mechanisms associated with acclimation and survival have been examined in four Ribes genotypes displaying differential cryotolerance...
  5. Hedley P, Russell J, Jorgensen L, Gordon S, Morris J, Hackett C, et al. Candidate genes associated with bud dormancy release in blackcurrant (Ribes nigrum L.). BMC Plant Biol. 2010;10:202 pubmed publisher
    The detrimental effects of mild winter temperatures on the consistency of cropping of blackcurrant (Ribes nigrum L.) in parts of Europe have led to increasing interest in the genetic control of dormancy release in this species...
  6. Jones H, Hillis R, Gordon S, Brennan R. An approach to the determination of winter chill requirements for different Ribes cultivars. Plant Biol (Stuttg). 2013;15 Suppl 1:18-27 pubmed publisher
    Winter chilling is critical for flowering and fruiting of many temperate fruits, with evidence that blackcurrant (Ribes nigrum L.) cropping has been adversely affected by warm winters...
  7. Garbacki N, Angenot L, Bassleer C, Damas J, Tits M. Effects of prodelphinidins isolated from Ribes nigrum on chondrocyte metabolism and COX activity. Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol. 2002;365:434-41 pubmed
    ..In this study, we determined the effect of different prodelphinidins, the major compounds isolated from Ribes nigrum leaves, on the proteoglycans (PGs), type II collagen (coll...
  8. Suzutani T, Ogasawara M, Yoshida I, Azuma M, Knox Y. Anti-herpesvirus activity of an extract of Ribes nigrum L. Phytother Res. 2003;17:609-13 pubmed
    An extract of Ribes nigrum L., known as blackcurrant in Europe and Kurokarin(R) in Japan, has been used as an ingredient in a variety of foods and folk medicine...
  9. Garbacki N, Tits M, Angenot L, Damas J. Inhibitory effects of proanthocyanidins from Ribes nigrum leaves on carrageenin acute inflammatory reactions induced in rats. BMC Pharmacol. 2004;4:25 pubmed
    The anti-inflammatory effects of proanthocyanidins (PACs), isolated from blackcurrant (Ribes nigrum L.) leaves, were analysed using carrageenin-induced paw oedema and carrageenin-induced pleurisy in rats.

More Information

Publications143 found, 100 shown here

  1. Wu X, Gu L, Prior R, McKay S. Characterization of anthocyanins and proanthocyanidins in some cultivars of Ribes, Aronia, and Sambucus and their antioxidant capacity. J Agric Food Chem. 2004;52:7846-56 pubmed
    ..were characterized by HPLC-ESI-MS/MS coupled with a diode array and/or fluorescent detector in seven cultivars of Ribes nigrum (black currant) and Ribes rubrum (red currant, Red Lake), six cultivars of Ribes grossularia (gooseberries),..
  2. Brennan R, Jorgensen L, Gordon S, Loades K, Hackett C, Russell J. The development of a PCR-based marker linked to resistance to the blackcurrant gall mite (Cecidophyopsis ribis Acari: Eriophyidae). Theor Appl Genet. 2009;118:205-11 pubmed publisher
    Gall mite (Cecidophyopsis ribis) is the most serious pest of blackcurrant (Ribes nigrum L.), causing the damaging condition known as 'big bud' and also transmitting blackcurrant reversion virus (BRV) within and between plantations...
  3. Song L, Lu W, Hu J, Zhang Y, Yin W, Chen Y, et al. Identification and functional analysis of the genes encoding Delta6-desaturase from Ribes nigrum. J Exp Bot. 2010;61:1827-38 pubmed publisher
    ..There have been no previous reports on the genes encoding Delta(6)-desaturase in blackcurrant (Ribes nigrum L.)...
  4. Jia N, Kong B, Liu Q, Diao X, Xia X. Antioxidant activity of black currant (Ribes nigrum L.) extract and its inhibitory effect on lipid and protein oxidation of pork patties during chilled storage. Meat Sci. 2012;91:533-9 pubmed publisher
    This experiment was conducted to assess the antioxidant efficacy of black currant (Ribes nigrum L.) extract (BCE) in raw pork patties during chilled storage...
  5. Ehrhardt C, Dudek S, Holzberg M, Urban S, Hrincius E, Haasbach E, et al. A plant extract of Ribes nigrum folium possesses anti-influenza virus activity in vitro and in vivo by preventing virus entry to host cells. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e63657 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we introduce LADANIA067 from the leaves of the wild black currant (Ribes nigrum folium) as a potent compound against IAV infections in vitro and in vivo...
  6. Vagiri M, Ekholm A, Oberg E, Johansson E, Andersson S, Rumpunen K. Phenols and ascorbic acid in black currants (Ribes nigrum L.): variation due to genotype, location, and year. J Agric Food Chem. 2013;61:9298-306 pubmed publisher
    ..The results show that selection of cultivars and production sites are important for cultivation of high-quality black currant raw material for health-promoting products. ..
  7. Määttä K, Kamal Eldin A, Törrönen A. High-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) analysis of phenolic compounds in berries with diode array and electrospray ionization mass spectrometric (MS) detection: ribes species. J Agric Food Chem. 2003;51:6736-44 pubmed
    ..MS) detection was used to study phenolic compounds in berries of black, green, red, and white currants (Ribes spp.)...
  8. Kapasakalidis P, Rastall R, Gordon M. Extraction of polyphenols from processed black currant (Ribes nigrum L.) residues. J Agric Food Chem. 2006;54:4016-21 pubmed
  9. Tabart J, Kevers C, Pincemail J, Defraigne J, Dommes J. Antioxidant capacity of black currant varies with organ, season, and cultivar. J Agric Food Chem. 2006;54:6271-6 pubmed
    ..The differences observed among the eight cultivars tested were small. Concerning flavonols, quercetin was dominant in all organs and cultivars, myricetin varied widely among the cultivars, and kampferol was very low...
  10. Zheng J, Yang B, Tuomasjukka S, Ou S, Kallio H. Effects of latitude and weather conditions on contents of sugars, fruit acids, and ascorbic acid in black currant (Ribes nigrum L.) juice. J Agric Food Chem. 2009;57:2977-87 pubmed publisher
    ..57-0.75, p<0.01), as well as between citric acid and glucose (Pearson's correlation coefficients = 0.56-0.70, p<0.01) in the three varieties because of the closely related metabolic pathways...
  11. Bishayee A, Mbimba T, Thoppil R, Háznagy Radnai E, Sipos P, Darvesh A, et al. Anthocyanin-rich black currant (Ribes nigrum L.) extract affords chemoprevention against diethylnitrosamine-induced hepatocellular carcinogenesis in rats. J Nutr Biochem. 2011;22:1035-46 pubmed publisher
    ..Black currant (Ribes nigrum L., Grossulariaceae) fruits have a high anthocyanin content...
  12. Russell J, Bayer M, Booth C, Cardle L, Hackett C, Hedley P, et al. Identification, utilisation and mapping of novel transcriptome-based markers from blackcurrant (Ribes nigrum). BMC Plant Biol. 2011;11:147 pubmed publisher
    ..Large-scale SNP discovery was undertaken in blackcurrant (Ribes nigrum L...
  13. Milivojevic J, Slatnar A, Mikulic Petkovsek M, Stampar F, Nikolic M, Veberic R. The influence of early yield on the accumulation of major taste and health-related compounds in black and red currant cultivars (Ribes spp.). J Agric Food Chem. 2012;60:2682-91 pubmed publisher
    ..Similar amounts of sugars and organic acids were measured in both Ribes species; however, vitamin C was 3-fold higher in black currants...
  14. Gopalan A, Reuben S, Ahmed S, Darvesh A, Hohmann J, Bishayee A. The health benefits of blackcurrants. Food Funct. 2012;3:795-809 pubmed publisher
    The blackcurrant (Ribes nigrum L., Grossulariceae), a small, perennial shrub native to central Europe and northern Asia, is cultivated throughout the world, including the United States...
  15. Ikuta K, Hashimoto K, Kaneko H, Mori S, Ohashi K, Suzutani T. Anti-viral and anti-bacterial activities of an extract of blackcurrants (Ribes nigrum L.). Microbiol Immunol. 2012;56:805-9 pubmed publisher
    The inhibitory effects of an extract of the blackcurrant (Ribes nigrum L...
  16. Dat N, Cai X, Shen Q, Lee I, Kim Y. New inhibitor against nuclear factor of activated T cells transcription from Ribes fasciculatum var. chinense. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 2005;53:114-7 pubmed
    Two new compounds were isolated from the stem and twigs of Ribes fasciculatum var...
  17. Tabart J, Kevers C, Evers D, Dommes J. Ascorbic acid, phenolic acid, flavonoid, and carotenoid profiles of selected extracts from Ribes nigrum. J Agric Food Chem. 2011;59:4763-70 pubmed publisher
    ..Indeed, they contained high amounts of phenolic acids, flavonoids, and carotenoids. An acetone mixture can extract several classes of phenolic compounds with a good yield of flavonols, flavan-3-ols, and anthocyanins. ..
  18. Vagiri M, Ekholm A, Andersson S, Johansson E, Rumpunen K. An optimized method for analysis of phenolic compounds in buds, leaves, and fruits of black currant ( Ribes nigrum L.). J Agric Food Chem. 2012;60:10501-10 pubmed publisher
    ..This approach offers avenues for superior combined compositional identification and cultivar selection targeted at the generation of polyphenol-rich products derived from the whole crop and not just the fruit...
  19. Atkinson C, Davies M, Taylor J, Longbottom H. Linking ascorbic acid production in Ribes nigrum with fruit development and changes in sources and sinks. Ann Bot. 2013;111:703-12 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim was to understand the importance of leaf tissue in the production of l-AsA and to determine how this might provide routes for the manipulation of fruit tissue l-AsA...
  20. Latha C. Microwave-assisted extraction of embelin from Embelia ribes. Biotechnol Lett. 2007;29:319-22 pubmed
    ..and efficient microwave-assisted extraction (MAE) process for the selective extraction of embelin from Embelia ribes was developed. Solvent selection, microwave energy input and solid loading were optimized...
  21. Yagi A, Fujimoto K, Michihiro K, Goh B, Tsi D, Nagai H. The effect of lutein supplementation on visual fatigue: a psychophysiological analysis. Appl Ergon. 2009;40:1047-54 pubmed publisher
    ..An analysis of EFRP and other psychophysiological data revealed significant differences between the LUT and placebo conditions. These results suggest that supplementation with LUT could help to reduce symptoms of visual fatigue. ..
  22. Marie B, Pym E, Bergquist S, Davis G. Synaptic homeostasis is consolidated by the cell fate gene gooseberry, a Drosophila pax3/7 homolog. J Neurosci. 2010;30:8071-82 pubmed publisher
  23. Huebbe P, Giller K, de Pascual Teresa S, Arkenau A, Adolphi B, Portius S, et al. Effects of blackcurrant-based juice on atherosclerosis-related biomarkers in cultured macrophages and in human subjects after consumption of a high-energy meal. Br J Nutr. 2012;108:234-44 pubmed publisher
  24. James D, Phelan J. Complete genome sequence of a strain of Actinidia virus X detected in Ribes nigrum cv. Baldwin showing unusual symptoms. Arch Virol. 2016;161:507-11 pubmed publisher
    A Ribes-infecting strain of the potexvirus Actinidia virus X (AVX-RV3124) was isolated from black currant plants (Ribes nigrum cv. Baldwin, accession 3124-03D1) showing symptoms of leaf chlorosis and deformity...
  25. Varming C, Andersen M, Poll L. Influence of thermal treatment on black currant (Ribes nigrum L.) juice aroma. J Agric Food Chem. 2004;52:7628-36 pubmed
    ..It is concluded that a 90 degrees C thermal treatment of black currant juice, which is in the temperature range used for conventional evaporation of black currant juice, has an effect on the aroma and sensory properties. ..
  26. Ikuta K, Mizuta K, Suzutani T. Anti-influenza virus activity of two extracts of the blackcurrant (Ribes nigrum L.) from New Zealand and Poland. Fukushima J Med Sci. 2013;59:35-8 pubmed
    We investigated the inhibitory effect of extracts of blackcurrant (Ribes nigrum L...
  27. Park J, Kho M, Kim H, Ahn Y, Lee Y, Kang D, et al. Blackcurrant Suppresses Metabolic Syndrome Induced by High-Fructose Diet in Rats. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2015;2015:385976 pubmed publisher
    ..Blackcurrant (Ribes nigrum; BC) is a horticultural crop in Europe...
  28. Linderborg K, Lehtonen H, Jarvinen R, Viitanen M, Kallio H. The fibres and polyphenols in sea buckthorn (Hippophaë rhamnoides) extraction residues delay postprandial lipemia. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2012;63:483-90 pubmed publisher
    ..Even so, the effect of polyphenols may be complementary since sea buckthorn and CO?-sea buckthorn showed significant differences in relation to control in a wider range of TAG areas than polyphenol-depleted CO?-EtOH-sea buckthorn...
  29. James D, Phelan J. Complete genome sequence and analysis of blackcurrant leaf chlorosis associated virus, a new member of the genus Idaeovirus. Arch Virol. 2017;162:1705-1709 pubmed publisher
    Blackcurrant leaf chlorosis associated virus (BCLCaV) was isolated from symptomatic blackcurrants (Ribes nigrum cv. Baldwin)...
  30. Naumova E, Zholudeva M, Martynenko N, Naumov G. [The molecular genetic differentiation of cultured Saccharomyces strains]. Mikrobiologiia. 2005;74:215-23 pubmed
    ..8S-ITS and IGS2) makes it possible to differentiate species of the genus Saccharomyces and to identify interspecies hybrids. The microsatellite primer (GTG)5 can be used to study the populations of cultured S. cerevisiae strains. ..
  31. Vlyssides A, Karlis P, Barampouti E, Mai S. Effect of recirculation of currant-finishing wastewater (CFW) on its composition. Bioresour Technol. 2008;99:1481-5 pubmed
    ..43 to 12.64 g/kg of currants processed. For a recycle ratio of 95%, the mass of currants recovered as a final product increased by 10% due to the proportional decrease in the sugars wasted per kg of currants processed. ..
  32. Newcomb M, Upper C, Rouse D. Factors contributing to seasonal fluctuations in rust severity on Ribes missouriense caused by Cronartium ribicola. Phytopathology. 2010;100:986-96 pubmed publisher
    ..pine blister rust, is a macrocyclic heteroecious rust that cycles between white pines and members of the genus Ribes, which are typically wild plants in North America...
  33. Takata R, Yanai T, Yamamoto R, Konno T. Improvement of the antitumor activity of black currant polysaccharide by an enzymatic treatment. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2007;71:1342-4 pubmed
    ..In vivo, partially digested CAPS with a mean MW of approximately 20,000 showed the most potent antitumor activity against Ehrlich carcinoma in mice...
  34. Oszmianski J, Wojdyło A, Gorzelany J, Kapusta I. Identification and characterization of low molecular weight polyphenols in berry leaf extracts by HPLC-DAD and LC-ESI/MS. J Agric Food Chem. 2011;59:12830-5 pubmed publisher
    ..These results suggest that berry leaves are a potential source of phenolics and have potential pro-healthy properties to contribute to human health. ..
  35. Faqihi F, Neshastehriz A, Soleymanifard S, Shabani R, Eivazzadeh N. Radiation-induced bystander effect in non-irradiated glioblastoma spheroid cells. J Radiat Res. 2015;56:777-83 pubmed publisher
    Radiation-induced bystander effects (RIBEs) are detected in cells that are not irradiated but receive signals from treated cells. The present study explored these bystander effects in a U87MG multicellular tumour spheroid model...
  36. Tian W, Yin X, Wang L, Wang J, Zhu W, Cao J, et al. The key role of miR-21-regulated SOD2 in the medium-mediated bystander responses in human fibroblasts induced by α-irradiated keratinocytes. Mutat Res. 2015;780:77-85 pubmed publisher
    ..Although our previous study has demonstrated an important role of miR-21 of unirradiated bystander cells in RIBEs, the direct evidence for the hypothesis that RIBE is epigenetically regulated is still limited and how miR-21 ..
  37. Pinelo M, Landbo A, Vikbjerg A, Meyer A. Effect of clarification techniques and rat intestinal extract incubation on phenolic composition and antioxidant activity of black currant juice. J Agric Food Chem. 2006;54:6564-71 pubmed
  38. Roca Cusachs M, Goula M. New genus and species of ant-like true bug (Hemiptera: Miridae) from the Canary Islands. Zootaxa. 2016;4173:66-74 pubmed publisher
    ..Systellonotus stysi J. Ribes, Pagola-Carte et Heiss, 2008, was described based on females collected in Tenerife and La Palma, but careful ..
  39. Holtung L, Grimmer S, Aaby K. Effect of processing of black currant press-residue on polyphenol composition and cell proliferation. J Agric Food Chem. 2011;59:3632-40 pubmed publisher
    ..This may be due to the decomposition of complex polyphenols at higher temperatures, making them more accessible to the cells. ..
  40. Mattila P, Hellström J, Karhu S, Pihlava J, Veteläinen M. High variability in flavonoid contents and composition between different North-European currant (Ribes spp.) varieties. Food Chem. 2016;204:14-20 pubmed publisher
    ..The results revealed that some old varieties may be of particular interest when high contents or special composition of flavonoids are desired. ..
  41. Ordóñez Santos L, Martínez Girón J, Arias Jaramillo M. Effect of ultrasound treatment on visual color, vitamin C, total phenols, and carotenoids content in Cape gooseberry juice. Food Chem. 2017;233:96-100 pubmed publisher
    ..The results demonstrated that ultrasound processing increase the availability of carotenoids, total phenols and RAE in Cape gooseberry juice. ..
  42. Schwarz B, Hofmann T. Sensory-guided decomposition of red currant juice (Ribes rubrum) and structure determination of key astringent compounds. J Agric Food Chem. 2007;55:1394-404 pubmed
    ..3 and 1.0 nmol/L were found for the nitrogen-containing 3-carboxymethyl-indole-1-N-beta-D-glucopyranoside and 3-methylcarboxymethyl-indole-1-N-beta-D-glucopyranoside, which do not belong to the group of plant polyphenols. ..
  43. Lu H, Wang J, Wang Y, Qiao L, Zhou Y. Embelin and Its Role in Chronic Diseases. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2016;928:397-418 pubmed
    Embelia ribes Burm of Myrsinaceae family has been widely used as an herb in the traditional medicine of India. Embelin is an active component extracted from the fruits of Embelia ribes...
  44. Del Castillo M, Dobson G, Brennan R, Gordon S. Fatty acid content and juice characteristics in black currant (Ribes nigrum L.) genotypes. J Agric Food Chem. 2004;52:948-52 pubmed
  45. Cyboran S, Oszmianski J, Kleszczyńska H. Interaction between plant polyphenols and the erythrocyte membrane. Cell Mol Biol Lett. 2012;17:77-88 pubmed publisher
    ..The results obtained indicate that, in the concentration range used, the plant extracts are incorporated into the hydrophilic area of the membrane, modifying its properties...
  46. Lebas B, Veerakone S, Liefting L, Tang J, Perez Egusquiza Z, von Bargen S, et al. Comparison of diagnostic techniques for the detection and differentiation of Cherry leaf roll virus strains for quarantine purposes. J Virol Methods. 2016;234:142-51 pubmed publisher
    ..detected in seven plant host species: Actinidia chinensis, Hydrangea macrophylla, Malus domestica, Plantago major, Ribes rubrum, Rubus idaeus and Rumex sp. collected from New Zealand between 2005 and 2012...
  47. Steinert R, Ditscheid B, Netzel M, Jahreis G. Absorption of black currant anthocyanins by monolayers of human intestinal epithelial Caco-2 cells mounted in ussing type chambers. J Agric Food Chem. 2008;56:4995-5001 pubmed publisher
    ..The purpose of the present study was to focus on the potential absorption of black currant ( Ribes nigrum L.) ACNs. Caco-2 monolayers were used as an in vitro model of the absorptive intestinal epithelium...
  48. Hudec J, Kochanová R, Burdová M, Kobida L, Kogan G, Turianica I, et al. Regulation of the phenolic profile of berries can increase their antioxidant activity. J Agric Food Chem. 2009;57:2022-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The antioxidant activities compared using LDL in vitro oxidation assay were increased more expressively after treatment with KF(2) in both crops...
  49. Jurgoński A, Juśkiewicz J, Sójka M, Król B, Rój E, Zduńczyk Z. [Black currant seeds after supercritical carbon dioxide extraction as a potential dietary supplement]. Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig. 2008;59:421-7 pubmed
  50. Cavanna M, Marinoni D, Beccaro G, Bounous G. Microsatellite-based evaluation of Ribes spp. germplasm. Genome. 2009;52:839-48 pubmed publisher
    There is a lack of published microsatellite data which characterizes Ribes spp...
  51. Ashigai H, Komano Y, Wang G, Kawachi Y, Sunaga K, Yamamoto R, et al. Polysaccharide from black currant (Ribes nigrum L.) stimulates dendritic cells through TLR4 signaling. Biosci Microbiota Food Health. 2017;36:141-145 pubmed publisher
    Black currant (Ribes nigrum) has various beneficial properties for human health...
  52. Nohynek L, Alakomi H, Kähkönen M, Heinonen M, Helander I, Oksman Caldentey K, et al. Berry phenolics: antimicrobial properties and mechanisms of action against severe human pathogens. Nutr Cancer. 2006;54:18-32 pubmed
    ..Typhimurium. The amount of phenolic compounds decreased in all berries, but their antimicrobial activity was not influenced accordingly. Cloudberry, in particular, showed constantly strong antimicrobial activity during the storage...
  53. Lyall K, Hurst S, Cooney J, Jensen D, Lo K, Hurst R, et al. Short-term blackcurrant extract consumption modulates exercise-induced oxidative stress and lipopolysaccharide-stimulated inflammatory responses. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. 2009;297:R70-81 pubmed publisher
  54. Green J, Grout B. Direct cryopreservation of winter buds of nine cultivars of blackcurrant (Ribes nigrum L). Cryo Letters. 2010;31:341-6 pubmed
    ..However, buds excised from shoots immediately after thawing from liquid nitrogen were viable and could be recovered using in vitro culture. Survival ranged from 88 to 55%, depending upon cultivar. ..
  55. Woznicki T, Aaby K, Sønsteby A, Heide O, Wold A, Remberg S. Influence of Controlled Postflowering Temperature and Daylength on Individual Phenolic Compounds in Four Black Currant Cultivars. J Agric Food Chem. 2016;64:752-61 pubmed publisher
    ..temperature and daylength on the concentration of individual phenolic compounds were studied in black currant (Ribes nigrum L.) berries under controlled phytotron conditions...
  56. Šumić Z, Vakula A, Tepić A, Čakarević J, Vitas J, Pavlić B. Modeling and optimization of red currants vacuum drying process by response surface methodology (RSM). Food Chem. 2016;203:465-475 pubmed publisher
    ..2 °C, pressure of 39 mbar and drying time of 8 h. It could be concluded that vacuum drying provides samples with good physico-chemical properties, similar to lyophilized sample and better than conventionally dried sample. ..
  57. Delazar A, Khodaie L, Afshar J, Nahar L, Sarker S. Isolation and free-radical-scavenging properties of cyanidin 3-O-glycosides from the fruits of Ribes biebersteinii Berl. Acta Pharm. 2010;60:1-11 pubmed publisher
    ..preparative high performance liquid chromatographic purification of the methanol extract of the fruits of Ribes biebersteinii Berl...
  58. Jaworska G, Sady M, Grega T, Bernas E, Pogon K. Qualitative comparison of blackcurrant and blackcurrant--whey beverages. Food Sci Technol Int. 2011;17:331-41 pubmed publisher
    ..Changes in the quality of the beverages were observed during the storage period, notably a decrease in their antioxidant properties. ..
  59. Hempfling K, Fastowski O, Celik J, Engel K. Analysis and sensory evaluation of jostaberry (Ribes x nidigrolaria Bauer) volatiles. J Agric Food Chem. 2013;61:9067-75 pubmed publisher
    Volatiles of jostaberries (Ribes x nidigrolaria Bauer)--a hybrid of black currant (Ribes nigrum L.) and gooseberry (Ribes uva-crispa L...
  60. Leskinen H, Suomela J, Kallio H. Effect of latitude and weather conditions on the regioisomer compositions of alpha- and gamma-linolenoyldilinoleoylglycerol in currant seed oils. J Agric Food Chem. 2009;57:3920-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Ala/L/L) and 18:3(n-6)/18:2(n-6)/18:2(n-6) (Gla/L/L) in seed oils of black and green currant ( Ribes nigrum L.) and red and white currant ( Ribes rubrum L...
  61. Jin Y, Alimbetov D, George T, Gordon M, Lovegrove J. A randomised trial to investigate the effects of acute consumption of a blackcurrant juice drink on markers of vascular reactivity and bioavailability of anthocyanins in human subjects. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2011;65:849-56 pubmed publisher
    ..The juice consumption did not have a significant effect on vascular reactivity. Anthocyanins were present at low concentrations in the urine, and microbial metabolites of flavonoids were detected in plasma after juice consumption. ..
  62. Yoshida K, Ohguro I, Ohguro H. Black currant anthocyanins normalized abnormal levels of serum concentrations of endothelin-1 in patients with glaucoma. J Ocul Pharmacol Ther. 2013;29:480-7 pubmed publisher
  63. Wu X, Pittman H, McKay S, Prior R. Aglycones and sugar moieties alter anthocyanin absorption and metabolism after berry consumption in weanling pigs. J Nutr. 2005;135:2417-24 pubmed
    ..The data clearly demonstrate that the aglycone and the sugar moieties can alter the apparent absorption and metabolism of ACNs...
  64. Mbeunkui F, Grace M, Yousef G, Lila M. Isolation and characterization of flavonols from blackcurrant by high-performance counter-current chromatography and electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry. J Sep Sci. 2012;35:1682-9 pubmed publisher
  65. Törrönen R, Kolehmainen M, Sarkkinen E, Poutanen K, Mykkanen H, Niskanen L. Berries reduce postprandial insulin responses to wheat and rye breads in healthy women. J Nutr. 2013;143:430-6 pubmed publisher
    ..The lower insulin response to RB compared with WB can also be further reduced by berries. ..
  66. Viljanen K, Kylli P, Kivikari R, Heinonen M. Inhibition of protein and lipid oxidation in liposomes by berry phenolics. J Agric Food Chem. 2004;52:7419-24 pubmed
    ..raspberry (Rubus idaeus), bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus), lingonberry (Vaccinium vitis-idaea), and black currant (Ribes nigrum) was investigated in a lactalbumin-liposome system...
  67. Sandell M, Laaksonen O, Jarvinen R, Rostiala N, Pohjanheimo T, Tiitinen K, et al. Orosensory profiles and chemical composition of black currant (Ribes nigrum ) juice and fractions of press residue. J Agric Food Chem. 2009;57:3718-28 pubmed publisher
    Fractionation of black currant ( Ribes nigrum ) by juice pressing, four ethanol extractions, ethanol evaporation, and supercritical fluid extraction was studied...
  68. Santos J, La V, Bergeron C, Grenier D. Inhibition of host- and bacteria-derived proteinases by natural anthocyanins. J Periodontal Res. 2011;46:550-7 pubmed publisher
    ..This suggests that such natural compounds may represent promising agents for use in adjunctive treatments for periodontitis. ..
  69. Mikulic Petkovsek M, Schmitzer V, Slatnar A, Stampar F, Veberic R. Composition of sugars, organic acids, and total phenolics in 25 wild or cultivated berry species. J Food Sci. 2012;77:C1064-70 pubmed publisher
    ..The composition of sugars, organic acids, and total phenolic compounds in various species of Vaccinium, Rubus, Ribes, and Fragaria genus was evaluated...
  70. Finné Nielsen I, Elbøl Rasmussen S, Mortensen A, Ravn Haren G, Ma H, Knuthsen P, et al. Anthocyanins increase low-density lipoprotein and plasma cholesterol and do not reduce atherosclerosis in Watanabe Heritable Hyperlipidemic rabbits. Mol Nutr Food Res. 2005;49:301-8 pubmed
    ..These effects were not observed with black currant juice, suggesting that black currants may contain components reducing the adverse effects of anthocyanins. ..
  71. Bakowska Barczak A, Schieber A, Kolodziejczyk P. Characterization of Canadian black currant (Ribes nigrum L.) seed oils and residues. J Agric Food Chem. 2009;57:11528-36 pubmed publisher
    The seeds from five black currant (Ribes nigrum L.) cultivars grown in western Canada were evaluated for their oil content, fatty acid and triacylglycerol (TAG) composition, and tocopherol and phytosterol profiles and contents...
  72. Hackett C, Russell J, Jorgensen L, Gordon S, Brennan R. Multi-environment QTL mapping in blackcurrant (Ribes nigrum L.) using mixed models. Theor Appl Genet. 2010;121:1483-8 pubmed publisher
    ..This is applied to re-analyse two important traits, anthocyanin concentration and budbreak. Several additional QTLs were identified, some affecting the trait in both the selfed and crossed offspring, others in just one. ..
  73. Zheng J, Yang B, Ruusunen V, Laaksonen O, Tahvonen R, Hellsten J, et al. Compositional differences of phenolic compounds between black currant (Ribes nigrum L.) cultivars and their response to latitude and weather conditions. J Agric Food Chem. 2012;60:6581-93 pubmed publisher
    ..The study gives important guidelines for the selection of raw materials and growth sites as well as for the berry cultivation for commercial exploitation of black currant berries. ..
  74. Ohguro H, Ohguro I, Yagi S. Effects of black currant anthocyanins on intraocular pressure in healthy volunteers and patients with glaucoma. J Ocul Pharmacol Ther. 2013;29:61-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results suggested that oral administration of BCACs may induce a beneficial decrease in IOP levels in healthy subjects as well as in patients with glaucoma. ..
  75. Matyaszek A, Szpyrka E, Podbielska M, Słowik Borowiec M, Kurdziel A. Pesticide residues in berries harvested from South-Eastern Poland (2009-2011). Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig. 2013;64:25-9 pubmed
    ..Most pesticides were present in raspberries, redcurrants, gooseberries and grapes of which fungicides were the most frequently detected. These results are in keeping with other similar studies. ..
  76. Jung K, Fastowski O, Poplacean I, Engel K. Analysis and Sensory Evaluation of Volatile Constituents of Fresh Blackcurrant (Ribes nigrum L.) Fruits. J Agric Food Chem. 2017;65:9475-9487 pubmed publisher
    Volatile constituents of fresh blackcurrant (Ribes nigrum L.) berries were isolated via vacuum-headspace extraction and analyzed by capillary gas chromatography-mass spectrometry...
  77. Khoo G, Clausen M, Pedersen H, Larsen E. Bioactivity and chemical composition of blackcurrant (Ribes nigrum) cultivars with and without pesticide treatment. Food Chem. 2012;132:1214-1220 pubmed publisher
    ..Significant differences were observed between blackcurrant cultivars in relation to plant growth and physical condition, total anthocyanin content and PGE2 assay, highlighting the importance of cultivar selection...
  78. Pribylova J, Spak J, Kubelková D. Mixed infection of black currant (Ribes nigrum L.) plants with Blackcurrant reversion associated virus and rhabdovirus-like particles with symptoms of black currant reversion disease. Acta Virol. 2002;46:253-6 pubmed
    ..Clusters of particles either within the nucleus or in the perinuclear space were membrane-bound. We bring evidence on the occurrence of the severe (R) form of BCRD and the first evidence of BRAV in the Czech Republic. ..
  79. Lengsfeld C, Deters A, Faller G, Hensel A. High molecular weight polysaccharides from black currant seeds inhibit adhesion of Helicobacter pylori to human gastric mucosa. Planta Med. 2004;70:620-6 pubmed
    Several crude and purified polysaccharides from black currant seeds (Ribes nigrum L.) have been isolated, analysed and examined on their effects against Helicobacter pylori in in situ adhesion studies on sections of human gastric mucosa...
  80. Pérez Ezquerra P, de la Gaspar M, de Fernández M, Flores V, Alvarez Santullano A, de Ocariz M. Currant allergy and the Rosaceae-grass pollen allergy syndrome: a case report. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2007;98:480-2 pubmed
    ..Inhibition studies demonstrated cross-reactivity between different fruits (currant and raspberry) from the Rosidae subclass and were incomplete with grass pollen allergens. ..
  81. Dejima K, Ohshima A, Yanai T, Yamamoto R, Takata R, Yoshikawa T. Effects of polysaccharide derived from black currant on relieving clinical symptoms of Japanese cedar pollinosis: a randomized double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2007;71:3019-25 pubmed
    ..In conclusion, our findings clearly indicate that CAPS would be useful as a food supplement in assisting the treatment of Japanese cedar pollinosis. ..
  82. Dillemans M, Appelboom T, Van Nedervelde L. Yeast as a model system for identification of metabolic targets of a 'glucosamine complex' used as a therapeutic agent of osteoarthritis. Biomed Pharmacother. 2008;62:645-50 pubmed publisher
    ..The glucosamine complex or some of its components (glucosamine sulphate, MSM, Ribes nigrum and silicon) enhanced cellular proliferation and CO(2) production of yeast cells cultured under severe ..
  83. Salobir J, Zontar T, Levart A, Rezar V. The comparison of black currant juice and vitamin E for the prevention of oxidative stress. Int J Vitam Nutr Res. 2010;80:5-11 pubmed publisher
    ..It could be concluded that under these experimental conditions vitamin E was more efficient as an antioxidant that black currant juice. ..
  84. Frank J, Kamal Eldin A, Lundh T, Määttä K, Törrönen R, Vessby B. Effects of dietary anthocyanins on tocopherols and lipids in rats. J Agric Food Chem. 2002;50:7226-30 pubmed
    The effects of dietary cyanidin-3-O-glucoside (C3G) and concentrates from blackcurrant [Ribes nigrum] (BC) and elderberry [Sambucus nigra] (EC) on plasma and tissue concentrations of alpha- (alpha-T) and gamma-tocopherol (gamma-T) and ..
  85. Vander Wall S, Kuhn K, Gworek J. Two-phase seed dispersal: linking the effects of frugivorous birds and seed-caching rodents. Oecologia. 2005;145:282-7 pubmed
  86. Erlund I, Freese R, Marniemi J, Hakala P, Alfthan G. Bioavailability of quercetin from berries and the diet. Nutr Cancer. 2006;54:13-7 pubmed
    ..The results showed that plasma quercetin is bioavailable from a diet containing berries and indicate that it may be a good biomarker of fruit and vegetable intake in general...
  87. Schwarz B, Hofmann T. Isolation, structure determination, and sensory activity of mouth-drying and astringent nitrogen-containing phytochemicals isolated from red currants (Ribes rubrum). J Agric Food Chem. 2007;55:1405-10 pubmed
    ..acid, four nitrogen-containing phytochemicals as the key astringent and mouth-drying compounds in red currants (Ribes rubrum)...
  88. Helbig D, Wagner A, Glei M, Basu S, Schubert R, Jahreis G. Blackcurrant seed press residue increases tocopherol concentrations in serum and stool whilst biomarkers in stool and urine indicate increased oxidative stress in human subjects. Br J Nutr. 2009;102:554-62 pubmed publisher
    ..However, various biomarkers indicated increased oxidative stress, suggesting that consumption of ground berry seed may not be of advantage. ..
  89. Oprea E, Radulescu V, Balotescu C, Lazar V, Bucur M, Mladin P, et al. Chemical and biological studies of Ribes nigrum L. buds essential oil. Biofactors. 2008;34:3-12 pubmed
    b>Ribes nigrum buds are used in medicine for the diuretic and antiseptic properties of their volatile compounds...
  90. Johnston J, Pimbley I, Harding K, Benson E. Detection of 8-hydroxy-2-deoxyguanosine as a marker of oxidative damage in DNA and germplasm exposed to cryogenic treatments. Cryo Letters. 2010;31:1-13 pubmed
    ..for assessing the formation of 8OHdG from alginate-encapsulated DNA of calf thymus (CT) and currant species (Ribes) exposed to temperatures of -20 and -196 degree C...
  91. Nour V, Stampar F, Veberic R, Jakopic J. Anthocyanins profile, total phenolics and antioxidant activity of black currant ethanolic extracts as influenced by genotype and ethanol concentration. Food Chem. 2013;141:961-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Maximum extraction yield of most individual anthocyanins was reached at 60% ethanol concentration except the 3-(6-coumaroyl)-glucoside of cyanidin and petunidin whose maximum extraction occurred at 96% ethanol concentration. ..
  92. Viljanen K, Kylli P, Hubbermann E, Schwarz K, Heinonen M. Anthocyanin antioxidant activity and partition behavior in whey protein emulsion. J Agric Food Chem. 2005;53:2022-7 pubmed
    ..The presence of the lipid decreased the share of anthocyanin in the aqueous phase. Thus, the structure of food affects the antioxidant activity by influencing the partitioning of the antioxidant...