Summary: An order of the class MAGNOLIOPSIDA. Its members include some of the most known ornamental and edible plants of temperate zones including roses, apples, cherries, and peaches.

Top Publications

  1. Ravi V, Khurana J, Tyagi A, Khurana P. Rosales sister to Fabales: towards resolving the rosid puzzle. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2007;44:488-93 pubmed
  2. Zhang S, Soltis D, Yang Y, Li D, Yi T. Multi-gene analysis provides a well-supported phylogeny of Rosales. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2011;60:21-8 pubmed publisher
    Despite many attempts to resolve evolutionary relationships among the major clades of Rosales, some nodes have been extremely problematic and have remained unresolved...
  3. David F, Barbero M. [Maples at the sub-Alpine vegetation belt: a long history]. C R Acad Sci III. 2001;324:159-64 pubmed
    ..After 5,850 C14 BP, the decrease in Acer stands could be attributed to fire as suggested by the strong increase in Betula and by the delayed expansion of Pinus cembra. ..
  4. Oliva M, Mendes C, Santomauro Vaz E, Juliano M, Mentele R, Auerswald E, et al. Bauhinia bauhinioides plasma kallikrein inhibitor: interaction with synthetic peptides and fluorogenic peptide substrates related to the reactive site sequence. Curr Med Chem. 2001;8:977-84 pubmed
    ..Peptides with variations around the reactive site of BbKI (GLPVRFESPLRINIIKESY) were synthesized containing a quenched fluorogenic group. Trypsin but not plasma kallikrein substrates, these peptides strongly inhibited plasma kallikrein. ..
  5. Vianna E, Ebeler S. Monitoring ester formation in grape juice fermentations using solid phase microextraction coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. J Agric Food Chem. 2001;49:589-95 pubmed
    ..This method now enables the monitoring of volatiles during fermentation and can provide greater insight into yeast metabolism and flavor formation. ..
  6. Ukaji N, Kuwabara C, Takezawa D, Arakawa K, Fujikawa S. Cold acclimation-induced WAP27 localized in endoplasmic reticulum in cortical parenchyma cells of mulberry tree was homologous to group 3 late-embryogenesis abundant proteins. Plant Physiol. 2001;126:1588-97 pubmed
    ..The role of WAP27 in the ER is discussed in relation to acquisition of freezing tolerance of cortical parenchyma cells in mulberry tree during winter. ..
  7. Venisse J, Gullner G, Brisset M. Evidence for the involvement of an oxidative stress in the initiation of infection of pear by Erwinia amylovora. Plant Physiol. 2001;125:2164-72 pubmed
    ..amylovora induced locally the same responses than the wild type but was unable to further colonize the plant...
  8. Biavatti M, Vieira P, da Silva MFG -, Fernandes J, Albuquerque S, Magalhães C, et al. Chemistry and bioactivity of Raulinoa echinata Cowan, an endemic Brazilian Rutaceae species. Phytomedicine. 2001;8:121-4 pubmed
    ..The hexane extract and some of these compounds were assayed in vitro against trypomastigote forms of Trypanosoma cruzi. Brine shrimp lethality and antimicrobial activities of the crude extract and pure compounds were also evaluated. ..
  9. McLaughlin M, Page S, Canas B, Brause A, Low N. Identification of hydrolyzed inulin syrup and high-fructose corn syrup in apple juice by capillary gas chromatography: PVM 4:1999. J AOAC Int. 2001;84:486-92 pubmed
    ..9% (HIS), 16.0% (HIS), 8.1% (HFCS), and 17.0% (HFCS). No false positive results were reported. Quantitative conclusions can be drawn when the same syrup is used for dilution and as a reference standard. ..

More Information

Publications201 found, 100 shown here

  1. Tringali C, Spatafora C, Calì V, Simmonds M. Antifeedant constituents from Fagara macrophylla. Fitoterapia. 2001;72:538-43 pubmed
    ..littoralis. 1-Hydroxy-3-methoxy-N-methyl-acridone (2), arborinine (3), tembetarine (7) and magnoflorine (8) were antifeedant against S. frugiperda. ..
  2. Christen A, Christen J. Thomas B. Welch, MD, DDS: journalist, innovator and grape juice king. J Hist Dent. 2001;49:3-8 pubmed
    ..T.B. was also a gifted poet. Possessing a keen interest in the English language, he attempted to simplify spelling by using phonetics. However, this endeavor failed. ..
  3. Nawito M, Ahmed Y, Shalaby S, Nada A, Zayed S, Hecker E. Dietary cancer risk from conditional cancerogens (tumor promoters) in produce of livestock fed on species of spurge (Euphorbiaceae). IV. Toxicologic and pathophysiologic observations in lactating goats and their suckling kids fed on the irritant herb. J Cancer Res Clin Oncol. 2001;127:34-9 pubmed
    ..Such milk may be considered a valuable etiologic model for the investigation of economic, ecologic, and public health problems raised by human diet polluted with tumor promoters, i.e., conditional (non-genotoxic) cancerogens. ..
  4. Tzortzakakis E, Peneva V, Terzakis M, Neilson R, Brown D. Longidorus cretensis n. sp. (Nematoda: Longidoridae) from a vineyard infected with a foliar 'yellow mosaic' on Crete, Greece. Syst Parasitol. 2001;48:131-9 pubmed
    ..Three quarters of L. cretensis specimens were present at 21-40 cm depth under olive, whereas a similar proportion of the population was equally distributed under grapevine at 21-40 cm and 41-60 cm depths. ..
  5. Rozema J, Broekman R, Blokker P, Meijkamp B, de Bakker N, van de Staaij J, et al. UV-B absorbance and UV-B absorbing compounds (para-coumaric acid) in pollen and sporopollenin: the perspective to track historic UV-B levels. J Photochem Photobiol B. 2001;62:108-17 pubmed
  6. Lescar J, Loris R, Mitchell E, Gautier C, Chazalet V, Cox V, et al. Isolectins I-A and I-B of Griffonia (Bandeiraea) simplicifolia. Crystal structure of metal-free GS I-B(4) and molecular basis for metal binding and monosaccharide specificity. J Biol Chem. 2002;277:6608-14 pubmed
    ..Alteration at one amino acid position, Ala(106) in I-A versus Glu(106) in I-B, is the basis for the observed specificities toward alpha GalNAc and alpha Gal. ..
  7. Tyree M, Vargas G, Engelbrecht B, Kursar T. Drought until death do us part: a case study of the desiccation-tolerance of a tropical moist forest seedling-tree, Licania platypus (Hemsl.) Fritsch. J Exp Bot. 2002;53:2239-47 pubmed
    ..Values of k(ws) declined by 70-85% in slightly-wilted to dead plants, respectively. By comparison, k(r) showed no significant change in slightly-wilted plants and fell by about 50% in plants having severely-wilted to dead shoots. ..
  8. Luo S, He P, Zhou P, Zheng X. Identification of molecular genetic markers tightly linked to downy mildew resistant genes in grape. Yi Chuan Xue Bao. 2001;28:76-82 pubmed
    ..The SCAR marker's popularity was confirmed, and it could be used for the identification of hybrid resistant to P. viticola and will be potentially useful in the development of new resistant grape cultivars. ..
  9. Grege H, Pache T, Brem B, Bacher M, Hofer O. Insecticidal flavaglines and other compounds from Fijian Aglaia species. Phytochemistry. 2001;57:57-64 pubmed
    ..Comparative feeding assays within the active pyrimidinone flavaglines showed that the free hydroxy group in aromatic ring A of marikarin diminishes insecticidal activity. ..
  10. Lucker J, Bouwmeester H, Schwab W, Blaas J, van der Plas L, Verhoeven H. Expression of Clarkia S-linalool synthase in transgenic petunia plants results in the accumulation of S-linalyl-beta-D-glucopyranoside. Plant J. 2001;27:315-24 pubmed
    ..The results presented demonstrate that monoterpene production can be altered by genetic modification, and that the compounds produced can be converted by endogenous enzymatic activity. ..
  11. Trognitz B, Hermann M. Inheritance of tristyly in Oxalis tuberosa (Oxalidaceae). Heredity (Edinb). 2001;86:564-73 pubmed
    ..Dosage-dependent inheritance of floral morph was rejected. Only a small frequency (36%) of the cross progenies flowered, in contrast to the greater propensity for flowering of O. tuberosa accessions held at gene banks. ..
  12. Ng T, Yu Y, Chu K. Isolation of a novel legumin-like lectin with potent hemagglutinating activity from seeds of the Chinese chestnut Castanea mollisima. Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol. 2002;133:453-60 pubmed
    ..The lectin was purified with a procedure involving ion exchange chromatography on CM-Sepharose, Q-Sepharose and Resource Q and gel filtration on Superose 12. ..
  13. Gokmen V, Acar J. Long-term survey of patulin in apple juice concentrates produced in Turkey. Food Addit Contam. 2000;17:933-6 pubmed
    ..Percentages of concentrates exceeding the maximum permitted concentration of 50 micrograms/l were 52%, 34%, 8% and 8% for 1996, 1997, 1998 and 1999, respectively. ..
  14. Considine M, Daley D, Whelan J. The expression of alternative oxidase and uncoupling protein during fruit ripening in mango. Plant Physiol. 2001;126:1619-29 pubmed
    ..Because both message and protein for the Aox and Ucp increased in a similar pattern, it suggests that their expression is not controlled in a reciprocal manner but may be active simultaneously. ..
  15. Akdemir Z, Tatli I, Saracoglu I, Ismailoglu U, Sahin Erdemli I, Calis I. Polyphenolic compounds from Geranium pratense and their free radical scavenging activities. Phytochemistry. 2001;56:189-93 pubmed
  16. Hermoso de Mendoza A, Belliure B, Carbonell E, Real V. Economic thresholds for Aphis gossypii (Hemiptera: Aphididae) on Citrus clementina. J Econ Entomol. 2001;94:439-44 pubmed
    ..25 m2 ring, index of infestation, percentage of occupied rings, and number of weekly captured aphids in a yellow trap) also were calculated. ..
  17. Crous P, Allegrucci N, Arambarri A, Cazau M, Groenewald J, Wingfield M. Dematiocladium celtidis gen. sp. nov. (Nectriaceae, Hypocreales), a new genus from Celtis leaf litter in Argentina. Mycol Res. 2005;109:833-40 pubmed
  18. Choi H, Shin S, Jung S, Clarke D, Lee S. Molecular phylogeny of Macrosiphini (Hemiptera: Aphididae): An evolutionary hypothesis for the Pterocomma-group habitat adaptation. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2018;121:12-22 pubmed publisher
    ..reconstructions for Macrosiphini and the Pterocomma-group suggest an ancestral primary host association with Rosales and Malpighiales, respectively, and other host associations within the tribe...
  19. Bekker R, Li X, ElSohly H, Clark A, Brandt E, Ferreira D. Resolution and absolute configuration of naturally occurring auronols. J Nat Prod. 2001;64:345-7 pubmed
    ..Resolution of racemic 2-benzyl-2-hydroxy-1-benzofuran-3(2H)-ones (auronols) and CD data of the ensuing enantiomers permit assessment of the absolute configuration at the single stereocenter. ..
  20. Abdel Kader M, Hoch J, Berger J, Evans R, Miller J, Wisse J, et al. Two bioactive saponins from Albizia subdimidiata from the Suriname rainforest. J Nat Prod. 2001;64:536-9 pubmed
    ..The structures of 1 and 2 were established on the basis of HRMS, 1D and 2D NMR spectral data, and GC--MS analysis of the sugar units. Both isolated compounds showed significant cytotoxicity against the A2780 cell line. ..
  21. Freedman J, Parker C, Li L, Perlman J, Frei B, Ivanov V, et al. Select flavonoids and whole juice from purple grapes inhibit platelet function and enhance nitric oxide release. Circulation. 2001;103:2792-8 pubmed
    ..The suppression of platelet-mediated thrombosis represents a potential mechanism for the beneficial effects of purple grape products, independent of alcohol consumption, in cardiovascular disease. ..
  22. Volschenk H, Viljoen Bloom M, Subden R, van Vuuren H. Malo-ethanolic fermentation in grape must by recombinant strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Yeast. 2001;18:963-70 pubmed
    ..Furthermore, the malo-alcoholic strains produced higher levels of ethanol during fermentation, which is important for the production of distilled beverages. ..
  23. Hughes J, Jandt K, Baker N, Parker D, Newcombe R, Eisenburger M, et al. Further modification to soft drinks to minimise erosion. A study in situ. Caries Res. 2002;36:70-4 pubmed
    ..Extrapolating the effects of both blackcurrant drinks suggested that alone they should not cause significant clinical erosion in a lifetime's intake of 1 litre per day. ..
  24. Iu J, Mittal G, Griffiths M. Reduction in levels of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in apple cider by pulsed electric fields. J Food Prot. 2001;64:964-9 pubmed
    ..coli O157:H7 cells in fresh apple cider to meet U.S. Federal Drug Administration recommendations. ..
  25. Spivey A, Weston M, Woodhead S. Celastraceae sesquiterpenoids: biological activity and synthesis. Chem Soc Rev. 2002;31:43-59 pubmed
    ..Existing synthetic endeavours towards their synthesis are also evaluated. ..
  26. Chen R, Hu L, An T, Li J, Shen Q. Natural PTP1B inhibitors from Broussonetia papyrifera. Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2002;12:3387-90 pubmed
    ..Compounds 1, 3, 4 and 5 significantly show the inhibitory activities against the PTP1B enzyme. ..
  27. Szymczyk K, Szteke B, Goszcz H. [Patulin content in Polish apple juices]. Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig. 2004;55:255-60 pubmed
    ..Most of the positive results did not exceed the permitted level of 30 microg/l. However, the level was exceeded in 8 samples i.e. in 1.1% of the analyzed samples. ..
  28. Assis T, Almeida R, Barbosa Filho J, Medeiros I. CNS pharmacological effects of the total alkaloidal fraction from Albizia inopinata leaves. Fitoterapia. 2001;72:124-30 pubmed
    ..On the other hand, FLA did not exert significant effect on catalepsy, but potentiated the haloperidol-induced catalepsy. No effect was observed on sleep induced by sodium pentobarbital or apomorphine-induced stereotypes. ..
  29. He H, Shen Y, Zhang J, Zuo G, Hao X. New diterpene alkaloids from the roots of Spiraea japonica. J Nat Prod. 2001;64:379-80 pubmed
    ..acuta resulted in the isolation of three new diterpene alkaloids named spiramide (1) and spiratine A (2) and spiratine B (3). Structures of 1-3 were elucidated primarily on the basis of 1D and 2D NMR experiments. ..
  30. Nakajima N, Hiradate S, Fujii Y. Plant growth inhibitory activity of L-canavanine and its mode of action. J Chem Ecol. 2001;27:19-31 pubmed
    ..However, accumulation of L-arginine did not cause the inhibitory effect on plant growth. These results suggest that the mechanism of inhibition of L-canavanine is closely related to the inhibition of arginine metabolism. ..
  31. Braca A, Bilia A, Mendez J, Morelli I. Myricetin glycosides from Licania densiflora. Fitoterapia. 2001;72:182-5 pubmed
    ..Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic methods including mono- and bi-dimensional NMR techniques. ..
  32. Serrano H, Garcia Suarez M. Sperm aggregation by water extracts from two Bursera species. Arch Androl. 2001;46:15-20 pubmed
    ..Agglutinating activity was higher from stem- than leaf-derived extracts. The results indicate that proteins present in the extracts are responsible for the aggregation of sperm heads. ..
  33. Schönherr J. Calcium chloride penetrates plant cuticles via aqueous pores. Planta. 2000;212:112-8 pubmed
    ..By comparing these results with the well established transport properties of the lipophilic pathway it is concluded that calcium chloride hexahydrate penetrated cuticular membranes via aqueous pores. ..
  34. Dicenta F, Martínez Gómez P, Bellanger I, Audergon J. Localization of Plum pox virus in stem and petiole tissues of apricot cultivars by immuno-tissue printing. Acta Virol. 2000;44:323-8 pubmed
    ..In the petiole tissues, it was localized in the epidermis and in cortical and medullae parenchyma. Non-specific staining was observed only in the stem sclerenchyma and in the petiole phloem. ..
  35. Caceres A, Rastrelli L, De Simone F, De Martino G, Saturnino C, Saturnino P, et al. Furanocoumarins from the aerial parts of Dorstenia contrajerva. Fitoterapia. 2001;72:376-81 pubmed
    ..Their structures were established using high field 2D NMR techniques. ..
  36. Miranda M, Gonçalves J, Romanos M, Silva F, Pinto L, Silva M, et al. Anti-herpes simplex virus effect of a seed extract from the tropical plant Licania tomentosa (Benth.) Fritsch (Chrysobalanaceae). Phytomedicine. 2002;9:641-5 pubmed
    ..The extract was able to inhibit extracellular virus (virucidal effect) and also interfered with a very early event of cell infection, at a non-cytotoxic concentration. ..
  37. Simonet P, Navarro E, Rouvier C, Reddell P, Zimpfer J, Dommergues Y, et al. Co-evolution between Frankia populations and host plants in the family Casuarinaceae and consequent patterns of global dispersal. Environ Microbiol. 1999;1:525-33 pubmed
  38. Khan M, Kihara M, Omoloso A. Antimicrobial activity of Horsfieldia helwigii and Melia azedarach. Fitoterapia. 2001;72:423-7 pubmed
    ..helwigii and dichlorometane fraction of the stem bark of M. azedarach. No activity was shown against tested moulds. ..
  39. Mimaki Y, Fukushima M, Yokosuka A, Sashida Y, Furuya S, Sakagami H. Triterpene glycosides from the roots of Sanguisorba officinalis. Phytochemistry. 2001;57:773-9 pubmed
    ..Three known triterpenes and six known triterpene glycosides were also isolated and identified. The isolated compounds were evaluated for their cytotoxic activities against HSC-2 cells and HGF. ..
  40. Masih E, Slezack Deschaumes S, Marmaras I, Barka E, Vernet G, Charpentier C, et al. Characterisation of the yeast Pichia membranifaciens and its possible use in the biological control of Botrytis cinerea, causing the grey mould disease of grapevine. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2001;202:227-32 pubmed
    ..An account of the molecular characterisation of P. membranifaciens (complete sequence of the ITS region of its ribosomal DNA, GenBank accession No. AF 270935), as well as the interaction between B. cinerea and the yeast, are given here. ..
  41. Cabras P, Conte E. Pesticide residues in grapes and wine in Italy. Food Addit Contam. 2001;18:880-5 pubmed
    ..Of the 846 grapes samples and 190 wine samples collected in 1998 and 1999, a total of 6.1 and 2.1% respectively of grapes and 0% for all wine samples were found to contain residues. ..
  42. Wojdyła A. Grapefruit extract activity in the control of rose powdery mildew and black spot. Meded Rijksuniv Gent Fak Landbouwkd Toegep Biol Wet. 2001;66:167-77 pubmed
    ..Almost all hyphae and spores were degenerated. In the control of D. rosae the preparation in all tested concentrations gave satisfactory results but was less effective than triforine. ..
  43. Khan M, Kihara M, Omoloso A. Antimicrobial activity of Harpullia ramiflora. Fitoterapia. 2001;72:298-300 pubmed
    ..The ethyl acetate fraction of the flowers exhibited the highest activity. No activity was shown against the tested moulds. ..
  44. Rapparini F, Baraldi R, Facini O. Seasonal variation of monoterpene emission from Malus domestica and Prunus avium. Phytochemistry. 2001;57:681-7 pubmed
    ..When leaves are fully developed, the carbon loss due to monoterpene emissions related to the photosynthetically carbon gain is negligible. ..
  45. Strauss M, Jolly N, Lambrechts M, Van Rensburg P. Screening for the production of extracellular hydrolytic enzymes by non-Saccharomyces wine yeasts. J Appl Microbiol. 2001;91:182-90 pubmed
    ..Enzymes produced by indigenous yeasts associated with grapes and juice might be harnessed to catalyse desired biotransformations during wine fermentation. ..
  46. Ploss O, Petereit F, Nahrstedt A. Procyanidins from the herb of Hypericum perforatum. Pharmazie. 2001;56:509-11 pubmed
    ..The mean average molecular size of the polymers was estimated to be 4 to 5 flavan-3-ol units. The procyanidin pattern in comparison to that of Crataegus spec. is briefly discussed. ..
  47. Luo X, Wu S, Ma Y, Wu D. Limonoids and phytol derivatives from Cedrela sinensis. Fitoterapia. 2000;71:492-6 pubmed
    ..Their structures were elucidated on the basis of combined one- and two-dimensional spectral techniques. ..
  48. Yeasmin T, Tang M, Razzaque A, Absar N. Purification and characterization of three galactose specific lectins from mulberry seeds (Morus sp.). Eur J Biochem. 2001;268:6005-10 pubmed
    ..4 and 4.5% neutral sugars, respectively, and the sugar composition of the lectins was glucose and mannose for MSL-1 and galactose for both MSL-2 and MSL-3. The lectins exhibited strong cytotoxic effect in brine shrimp lethality bioassay. ..
  49. Linder H. The radiation of the Cape flora, southern Africa. Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc. 2003;78:597-638 pubmed
  50. Velazquez E, Igual J, Willems A, Fernandez M, Munoz E, Mateos P, et al. Mesorhizobium chacoense sp. nov., a novel species that nodulates Prosopis alba in the Chaco Arido region (Argentina). Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2001;51:1011-21 pubmed
    ..The results of DNA-DNA hybridizations showed that this group is a novel species of this genus. The name Mesorhizobium chacoense sp. nov. is proposed for this species. The type strain is LMG 19008T (= CECT 5336T). ..
  51. Pundarikakshudu K, Patel J, Bodar M, Deans S. Anti-bacterial activity of Galega officinalis L. (Goat's Rue). J Ethnopharmacol. 2001;77:111-2 pubmed
    ..Papilionaceae) were tested on Gram +ve and Gram -ve bacteria as the plant was claimed to hasten skin healing after surgery. Ethanolic (60%) extract exhibited significant inhibition on growth of both Gram +ve and Gram -ve bacteria. ..
  52. Rukunga G, Waterman P. Triterpenes of Albizia versicolor and Albizia schimperana stem barks. Fitoterapia. 2001;72:188-90 pubmed
    ..Several triterpenes were isolated from stem barks of Albizia versicolor and A. schimperana. Spectral data of acacic acid lactone (1) are presented. ..
  53. Richardson J, Weitz F, Fay M, Cronk Q, Linder H, Reeves G, et al. Rapid and recent origin of species richness in the Cape flora of South Africa. Nature. 2001;412:181-3 pubmed
    ..The recent origin of endemic species diversity in the Cape flora shows that large continental bursts of speciation can occur rapidly over timescales comparable to those previously associated with oceanic island radiations. ..
  54. Lu Y, Foo L, Wong H. Nigrumin-5-p-coumarate and nigrumin-5-ferulate, two unusual nitrile-containing metabolites from black currant (Ribes nigrum) seed. Phytochemistry. 2002;59:465-8 pubmed
  55. Zhang L, Wei W, Yan S, Hu X, Sun W. Therapeutic effects of glucosides of Cheanomeles speciosa on collagen-induced arthritis in mice. Acta Pharmacol Sin. 2004;25:1495-501 pubmed
    ..The pathological changes were significantly reduced by GCS. GCS had anti-inflammatory effect on CIA mice, which might be related to the modification of the abnormal immunological function of CIA mice. ..
  56. Huang J, Zhang C, Zhao X, Fei Z, Wan K, Zhang Z, et al. The Jujube Genome Provides Insights into Genome Evolution and the Domestication of Sweetness/Acidity Taste in Fruit Trees. PLoS Genet. 2016;12:e1006433 pubmed publisher
    ..eight proto-chromosomes of the common ancestor of Rhamnaceae and Rosaceae, two sister families in the order Rosales, and elucidated the evolutionary processes that have shaped the genome structures of modern jujubes...
  57. Guerranti R, Aguiyi J, Errico E, Pagani R, Marinello E. Effects of Mucuna pruriens extract on activation of prothrombin by Echis carinatus venom. J Ethnopharmacol. 2001;75:175-80 pubmed
    ..Here the effect of an extract of MP101UJ in prothrombin activation by EV in vitro by clotting and chromogenic assay is studied. An increase in procoagulant activity was found. This could explain the protective effect in vivo. ..
  58. Muruganandan S, Srinivasan K, Chandra S, Tandan S, Lal J, Raviprakash V. Anti-inflammatory activity of Syzygium cumini bark. Fitoterapia. 2001;72:369-75 pubmed
    ..Thus, the present study demonstrated that S. cumini bark extract has a potent anti-inflammatory action against different phases of inflammation without any side effect on gastric mucosa. ..
  59. Padmanabhan U, DasGupta S, Biswas B, Dasgupta D. Effect of myo-inositol(1,4,5)trisphosphate on the hydrolysis of phytic acid by phytase. Indian J Biochem Biophys. 2001;38:53-5 pubmed
    ..These studies demonstrate the effect exerted by the high affinity InsP3 binding on the catalytic site of the enzyme. ..
  60. Brunton P, Hussain A. The erosive effect of herbal tea on dental enamel. J Dent. 2001;29:517-20 pubmed
    ..The cumulative effects of regular consumption of herbal tea of the type tested are likely, therefore, to be of clinical significance. ..
  61. Park J, Kim I, Shaheed Ur Rehman -, Na C, Yoo H. HPLC Determination of Bioactive Flavonoids in Hovenia dulcis Fruit Extracts. J Chromatogr Sci. 2016;54:130-5 pubmed publisher
    ..57 and 106.66%. The mean recovery for all the analytes was 100.87%. This method was successfully applied in the quality assessment of bioactive flavonoids in the fruit-stalk extract of H. dulcis. ..
  62. Kayser O, Kolodziej H, Kiderlen A. Immunomodulatory principles of Pelargonium sidoides. Phytother Res. 2001;15:122-6 pubmed
    ..The results, when taken together with recent reported antibacterial activity, provide a rational basis for both the traditional and the present utilization of P. sidoides in the claimed conditions. ..
  63. Czako M, Marton L. A heartwood pigment in Dalbergia cell cultures. Phytochemistry. 2001;57:1013-22 pubmed
    ..Therefore, Dalbergia cell cultures afford a good model system for studying heartwood-type metabolic differentiation. ..
  64. Ragasa C, Juan E, Rideout J. A triterpene from Ficus pumila. J Asian Nat Prod Res. 1999;1:269-75 pubmed
    ..It showed antimicrobial activity against Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Bacillus subtilis and Candida albicans with an average antimicrobial index of 0.5, 0.3, 0.3 and 0.7, respectively, at a concentration of 30 microg. ..
  65. Giacomelli S, Maldaner G, Stücker C, Marasciulo C, Schmidt J, Wessjohann L, et al. Triterpenoids from Gouania ulmifolia. Planta Med. 2007;73:499-501 pubmed
    ..The structures of the new compounds were determined by spectroscopic methods, mainly NMR (1D and 2D) and mass spectrometry. The new compounds did not show significant antimicrobial activities. ..
  66. Hoffmann E, Ludke C, Skole J, Stephanowitz H, Ullrich E, Colditz D. Spatial determination of elements in green leaves of oak trees (Quercus robur) by laser ablation-ICP-MS. Fresenius J Anal Chem. 2000;367:579-85 pubmed
    ..Recovery rates between 93% (Cu) and 108% (Mn) were obtained. Leaves taken from oak trees (Quercus robur) were analyzed. ..
  67. Cheng X, Chen Z. Three new diterpenoids from Mallotus apelta Muell.Arg. J Asian Nat Prod Res. 1999;1:319-25 pubmed
    ..Arg. Their structures were determined by spectral methods. ..
  68. Vlassides S, Ferrier J, Block D. Using historical data for bioprocess optimization: modeling wine characteristics using artificial neural networks and archived process information. Biotechnol Bioeng. 2001;73:55-68 pubmed
    ..Because a company will utilize its own existing process data for this method, the result of this work will be a general fermentation optimization method that can be applied to fermentation processes to improve quality and productivity. ..
  69. Chiampanichayakul S, Kataoka K, Arimochi H, Thumvijit S, Kuwahara T, Nakayama H, et al. Inhibitory effects of bitter melon (Momordica charantia Linn.) on bacterial mutagenesis and aberrant crypt focus formation in the rat colon. J Med Invest. 2001;48:88-96 pubmed
    ..These findings suggest that bitter melon is a possible chemopreventive agent against colon carcinogenesis. ..
  70. Spiteller P, Steglich W. Biosynthesis of 2-aminobenzaldehyde in flowers of Robinia pseudoacacia and Philadelphus coronarius. Phytochemistry. 2001;57:361-3 pubmed
    ..This route differs from that observed in Hebeloma sacchariolens (Basidiomycetes) in which anthranilic acid is directly reduced to 2-aminobenzaldehyde. ..
  71. Burnham J, Kendall P, Sofos J. Ascorbic acid enhances destruction of Escherichia coli O157:H7 during home-type drying of apple slices. J Food Prot. 2001;64:1244-8 pubmed
    ..The results of immersing apple slices in a 3.4% ascorbic acid solution for 15 min prior to drying indicate that a predrying treatment enhances the destruction of E. coli O157:H7 on home-dried apple products. ..
  72. Kryger R. Volatility of patulin in apple juice. J Agric Food Chem. 2001;49:4141-3 pubmed
    ..Furthermore, a survey of several commercial apple aroma samples found no evidence of patulin content. ..
  73. Okada Y, Ito K. Cloning and analysis of valerophenone synthase gene expressed specifically in lupulin gland of hop (Humulus lupulus L.). Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2001;65:150-5 pubmed
    ..Northern analysis showed that the valerophenone synthase gene seemed to be expressed specifically in the lupulin gland. ..
  74. Adnyana I, Tezuka Y, Banskota A, Tran K, Kadota S. Three new triterpenes from the seeds of Combretum quadrangulare and their hepatoprotective activity. J Nat Prod. 2001;64:360-3 pubmed
    ..The structures of these compounds were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic analysis, and their hepatoprotective activities were tested for D-GalN/TNF-alpha-induced cell death in primary cultured mouse hepatocytes. ..
  75. Reinders R, Biesterveld S, Bijker P. Survival of Escherichia coli O157:H7 ATCC 43895 in a model apple juice medium with different concentrations of proline and caffeic acid. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2001;67:2863-6 pubmed
    ..It is hypothesized that the inhibitory effect of caffeic acid may explain why almost all outbreaks of STEC O157:H7 infections linked to apple juice or cider have occurred in October or November. ..
  76. Krishnaveni K, Srinivasa Rao J. A new triterpene from callus of Pterocarpus santalinus. Fitoterapia. 2000;71:10-3 pubmed
    ..A new pentacyclic triterpene was isolated from the callus induced from the stem cuttings of Pterocarpus santalinus. Based on spectral methods, the structure of the new compound was elucidated as 3-ketooleanane (1). ..
  77. Golden K, Williams O. Amino acid, fatty acid, and carbohydrate content of Artocarpus altilis (breadfruit). J Chromatogr Sci. 2001;39:243-50 pubmed
    ..Percent recoveries of amino acids, fatty acids, and carbohydrates are 72.5%, 68.2%, and 81.4%, respectively. The starch content of the breadfruit is 15.52 g/100 g fresh weight. ..
  78. Jayaprakash P, Sarla N. Development of an improved medium for germination of Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp. pollen in vitro. J Exp Bot. 2001;52:851-5 pubmed
    ..cajan genotypes consists of 37.5% sucrose+ 15% PEG 4000+250 mg l(-1) boric acid+300 mg l(-1) calcium nitrate+100 mg l(-1) potassium nitrate+ 200 mg l(-1) magnesium sulphate+1% agar+EACA (0, 100, 250, 500, 750 or 1000 mg l(-1)). ..
  79. Banba M, Siddique A, Kouchi H, Izui K, Hata S. Lotus japonicus forms early senescent root nodules with Rhizobium etli. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2001;14:173-80 pubmed
    ..Thus, L. japonicus started and then ceased a symbiotic relationship with R. etli at the final stage. ..
  80. Binutu O, Cordell G. Constituents of Afzelia bella stem bark. Phytochemistry. 2001;56:827-30 pubmed
    ..Their structures were determined by detailed 1D and 2D NMR analyses. ..
  81. Poinssot B, Bonomelli A, Yean H, Breda C, Buffard D, Esnault R, et al. In vitro tolerance to Botrytis cinerea of grapevine 41B rootstock in transgenic plants expressing the stilbene synthase Vst1 gene under the control of a pathogen-inducible PR 10 promoter. J Exp Bot. 2001;52:901-10 pubmed
    ..The efficacy of this approach should be further tested by experiments conducted in the vineyard...
  82. Lee S, Dougherty R, Kang D. Inhibitory effects of high pressure and heat on Alicyclobacillus acidoterrestris spores in apple juice. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2002;68:4158-61 pubmed
    ..Spores suspended in apple juice were successfully destroyed by combining high pressure with a mild or high temperature (45, 71, or 90 degrees C). ..
  83. Chen Y, Li H, Ma W. [Pollination ecology of cultivated Ficus pumila var. awkeotsang]. Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao. 2006;17:2403-7 pubmed
    ..35%. The growing syconia degree of female and male flowering phases was low, and the collective way of the wasps' flying out and the small number of the wasps entering the syconia were the causes of low rate co-existing breeding. ..
  84. de Freitas V, Mateus N. Structural features of procyanidin interactions with salivary proteins. J Agric Food Chem. 2001;49:940-5 pubmed
    ..This was not as strong an effect for the dimer, probably as a result of the expected "closed" structure of B2-3"-O-gallate. ..
  85. Thompson J, Fry S. Restructuring of wall-bound xyloglucan by transglycosylation in living plant cells. Plant J. 2001;26:23-34 pubmed
    ..This is the first experimental evidence for restructuring transglycosylation in vivo. We argue that both integrational and restructuring transglycosylation can contribute to both wall-assembly and -loosening. ..
  86. Kovacevic M, Kac M. Solid-phase microextraction of hop volatiles. Potential use for determination and verification of hop varieties. J Chromatogr A. 2001;918:159-67 pubmed
    ..It is shown that SPME results can be used for determination and verification of varieties grown in Slovenia by means of principal components analysis. ..
  87. Nwachukwu S, James P, Gurney T. Impacts of crude oil on the germination and growth of cress seeds (Lepidium sp.) after bioremediation of agricultural soil polluted with crude petroleum using "adapted" Pseudomonas putida. J Environ Biol. 2001;22:29-36 pubmed
    ..3 +/- 8.5 mm with abnormal morphology. Treatment of oil-impacted agricultural soil with PP as a bioremediation agent does produce soil which is capable of growing larger and healthier plants than where bioremediation has not taken place. ..
  88. Konuklugil B, Schmidt T, Alfermann A. Accumulation of lignans in suspension cultures of Linum mucronatum ssp. armenum (Bordz.) Davis. Z Naturforsch C. 2001;56:1164-5 pubmed
    ..6-Methoxypodophyllotoxin was the main lignan besides smaller amounts of podophyllotoxin isolated and identified by chromatographic methods as well as by 1H NMR. ..
  89. Seeram N, Adams L, Zhang Y, Lee R, Sand D, Scheuller H, et al. Blackberry, black raspberry, blueberry, cranberry, red raspberry, and strawberry extracts inhibit growth and stimulate apoptosis of human cancer cells in vitro. J Agric Food Chem. 2006;54:9329-39 pubmed
    ..The data provided by the current study and from other laboratories warrants further investigation into the chemopreventive and chemotherapeutic effects of berries using in vivo models. ..
  90. Mutanda I, Saitoh S, Inafuku M, Aoyama H, Takamine T, Satou K, et al. Gene expression analysis of disabled and re-induced isoprene emission by the tropical tree Ficus septica before and after cold ambient temperature exposure. Tree Physiol. 2016;36:873-82 pubmed publisher
    ..The tropical tree species Ficus septica Burm. F. (Rosales: Moraceae) has been shown to cease isoprene emissions when exposed to temperatures of 12?°C or lower and to re-..
  91. Santos S, Waterman P. Polyphenols from Eucalyptus ovata. Fitoterapia. 2001;72:316-8 pubmed
    ..The spectral data of the peracetate derivative of the trimer are reported. ..
  92. Laranjo M, Rodrigues R, Alho L, Oliveira S. Rhizobia of chickpea from southern Portugal: symbiotic efficiency and genetic diversity. J Appl Microbiol. 2001;90:662-7 pubmed
    ..The different yield potential with cultivars of chickpea usually obtained in the three regions of southern Portugal could be due to their different natural rhizobial populations. ..