fagaceae

Summary

Summary: A plant family of the order Fagales subclass Hamamelidae, class Magnoliopsida.

Top Publications

  1. Qin X, Liu J. A new sweet dihydrochalcone-glucoside from leaves of Lithocarpus pachyphyllus (Kurz) Rehd. (Fagaceae). Z Naturforsch C. 2003;58:759-61 pubmed
    ..The structures were established by spectroscopic methods, including one- and two-dimensional NMR (COSY, HMQC and HMBC)...
  2. Thoison O, Sevenet T, Niemeyer H, Russell G. Insect antifeedant compounds from Nothofagus dombeyi and N. pumilio. Phytochemistry. 2004;65:2173-6 pubmed
    ..12-Hydroxyoleanolic lactone and pectolinarigenin from N. dombeyi and dihydrooroxylin A from N. pumilio, showed significant antifeeding activity. ..
  3. Yang W, Liu J, Qin X, Wu W, Chen Z. Antioxidant activities of three dihydrochalcone glucosides from leaves of Lithocarpus pachyphyllus. Z Naturforsch C. 2004;59:481-4 pubmed
    ..b>Fagaceae), trilobatin 2"-acetate (1), phloridzin (2) and trilobatin (3), were investigated...
  4. Fernando D, Richards J, Kikkert J. In vitro germination and transient GFP expression of American chestnut (Castanea dentata) pollen. Plant Cell Rep. 2006;25:450-6 pubmed
    ..Statistical analysis showed that bombardment of ungerminated pollen at 1,100 psi resulted in the highest percent transient GFP expression (4.1%)...
  5. Wang R, Compton S, Chen X. Fragmentation can increase spatial genetic structure without decreasing pollen-mediated gene flow in a wind-pollinated tree. Mol Ecol. 2011;20:4421-32 pubmed publisher
    ..Castanopsis sclerophylla (Lindley & Paxton) Schottky (Fagaceae), a wind-pollinated and gravity seed-dispersed tree, was studied in an area of southeast China where its ..
  6. Almeida I, Valentão P, Andrade P, Seabra R, Pereira T, Amaral M, et al. In vivo skin irritation potential of a Castanea sativa (Chestnut) leaf extract, a putative natural antioxidant for topical application. Basic Clin Pharmacol Toxicol. 2008;103:461-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The patch test carried out showed that, with respect to irritant effects, this extract can be regarded as safe for topical application...
  7. Kamiya K, Harada K, Clyde M, Mohamed A. Genetic variation of Trigonobalanus verticillata, a primitive species of Fagaceae, in Malaysia revealed by chloroplast sequences and AFLP markers. Genes Genet Syst. 2002;77:177-86 pubmed
    The genetic variation of Trigonobalanus verticillata, the most recently described genus of Fagaceae, was studied using chloroplast DNA sequences and AFLP fingerprinting...
  8. Cheng Y, Hwang S, Lin T. Potential refugia in Taiwan revealed by the phylogeographical study of Castanopsis carlesii Hayata (Fagaceae). Mol Ecol. 2005;14:2075-85 pubmed
    ..patterns of chloroplast DNA (cpDNA) variation in a total of 30 populations of Castanopsis carlesii Hayata (Fagaceae), a subtropical and temperate tree species, including 201 individuals sampled throughout Taiwan...
  9. Torres Díaz C, Ruiz E, Gonzalez F, Fuentes G, Cavieres L. Genetic diversity in Nothofagus alessandrii (Fagaceae), an endangered endemic tree species of the coastal maulino forest of Central Chile. Ann Bot. 2007;100:75-82 pubmed
    The endemic tree Nothofagus alessandrii (Fagaceae) has been historically restricted to the coastal range of Region VII of central Chile, and its forests have been increasingly destroyed and fragmented since the end of the 19th century...

More Information

Publications98

  1. Noh J, Gang G, Kim Y, Yang K, Hwang J, Lee H, et al. Antioxidant effects of the chestnut (Castanea crenata) inner shell extract in t-BHP-treated HepG2 cells, and CCl4- and high-fat diet-treated mice. Food Chem Toxicol. 2010;48:3177-83 pubmed publisher
    ..The CISE might be useful for the prevention of oxidative damage in liver cells and tissues...
  2. Cheng Y, Hwang S, Chiou W, Lin T. Allozyme variation of populations of Castanopsis carlesii (Fagaceae) revealing the diversity centres and areas of the greatest divergence in Taiwan. Ann Bot. 2006;98:601-8 pubmed
    ..Two major questions were discussed concerning evolutionary issues: where are the diversity centres, and where are the most genetically divergent sites in Taiwan?..
  3. Frankič T, Salobir J. In vivo antioxidant potential of Sweet chestnut (Castanea sativa Mill.) wood extract in young growing pigs exposed to n-3 PUFA-induced oxidative stress. J Sci Food Agric. 2011;91:1432-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate the antioxidant potential of different concentrations of Sweet chestnut wood extract (SCW; 0.75, 1.5 and 3 g kg?¹) in case of n-3 PUFA-induced oxidative stress in young pigs...
  4. Budriesi R, Ioan P, Micucci M, Micucci E, Limongelli V, Chiarini A. Stop Fitan: antispasmodic effect of natural extract of chestnut wood in guinea pig ileum and proximal colon smooth muscle. J Med Food. 2010;13:1104-10 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings, taken together with the antibacterial, antiviral, and antispasmodic properties of tannins, suggest that the combination of tannins and S. boulardii may be relevant to treat diarrhea by Stop Fitan...
  5. Sanz M, Cadahía E, Esteruelas E, Muñoz A, Fernández de Simón B, Hernandez T, et al. Phenolic compounds in chestnut (Castanea sativa Mill.) heartwood. Effect of toasting at cooperage. J Agric Food Chem. 2010;58:9631-40 pubmed publisher
    ..Moreover, the different toasting levels provoked different balances between tannins and lignin constituents because the intensity of lignin and tannin degradation was in relation to the intensity of toasting...
  6. Calliste C, Trouillas P, Allais D, Duroux J. Castanea sativa Mill. leaves as new sources of natural antioxidant: an electronic spin resonance study. J Agric Food Chem. 2005;53:282-8 pubmed
  7. Cooper W, Rieske L. Woody stem galls interact with foliage to affect community associations. Environ Entomol. 2009;38:417-24 pubmed
    ..Fagales: Fagaceae) and foliage directly attached to galls (gall leaves) using gall leaf excision experiments and herbivore ..
  8. Lang P, Dane F, Kubisiak T, Huang H. Molecular evidence for an Asian origin and a unique westward migration of species in the genus Castanea via Europe to North America. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2007;43:49-59 pubmed
    The genus Castanea (Fagaceae) is widely distributed in the deciduous forests of the Northern Hemisphere...
  9. Barakat A, DiLoreto D, Zhang Y, Smith C, Baier K, Powell W, et al. Comparison of the transcriptomes of American chestnut (Castanea dentata) and Chinese chestnut (Castanea mollissima) in response to the chestnut blight infection. BMC Plant Biol. 2009;9:51 pubmed publisher
    ..Prior to the Genomic Tool Development for the Fagaceae project, genomic resources available in public databases for this species were limited to a few hundred ESTs...
  10. Ramos A, Pérez Solís E, Ibáñez C, Casado R, Collada C, Gomez L, et al. Winter disruption of the circadian clock in chestnut. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2005;102:7037-42 pubmed
    ..Normal cycling resumed when endodormant or cold-treated plants were returned to 22 degrees C. The behavior of CsTOC1 and CsLHY during a cold response reveals a relevant aspect of clock regulation not yet encountered in Arabidopsis...
  11. Cooper W, Rieske L. Gall structure affects ecological associations of Dryocosmus kuriphilus (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae). Environ Entomol. 2010;39:787-97 pubmed publisher
    ..This study provides support for the protective role of cynipid galls for the gall inducer, identifies specific gall traits that influence gall wasp mortality, and improves our knowledge of D. kuriphilus ecology in North America...
  12. Post K, Parry D. Non-target effects of transgenic blight-resistant American chestnut (Fagales: Fagaceae) on insect herbivores. Environ Entomol. 2011;40:955-63 pubmed publisher
    ..Enhanced fitness of gypsy moth on genetically modified trees may hinder restoration efforts if this invasive herbivore's growth is improved because of transgene expression...
  13. Alves S, Ribeiro T, Inácio V, Rocheta M, Morais Cecílio L. Genomic organization and dynamics of repetitive DNA sequences in representatives of three Fagaceae genera. Genome. 2012;55:348-59 pubmed publisher
    Oaks, chestnuts, and beeches are economically important species of the Fagaceae. To understand the relationship between these members of this family, a deep knowledge of their genome composition and organization is needed...
  14. Cannon C, Manos P. Combining and comparing morphometric shape descriptors with a molecular phylogeny: the case of fruit type evolution in Bornean Lithocarpus (Fagaceae). Syst Biol. 2001;50:860-80 pubmed
    Fruit type in the genus Lithocarpus (Fagaceae) includes both classic oak acorns and novel modifications. Bornean taxa with modified fruits can be separated into two sections (Synaedrys and Lithocarpus) based on subtle shape differences...
  15. Wang J, Chung M, Xue B, Ma H, Ma C, Hattori M. Estrogenic and antiestrogenic activities of phloridzin. Biol Pharm Bull. 2010;33:592-7 pubmed
    ..After oral administration, phloridzin was found mainly in the blood and a small part was metabolized to phloretin. Our investigation proved that phloridzin was distributed at the target organ and played the role of phytoestrogen. ..
  16. Tanesaka E, Takeda H, Yoshida M. Phenol-oxidizing enzyme expression in Lentinula edodes by the addition of sawdust extract, aromatic compounds, or copper in liquid culture media. Biocontrol Sci. 2013;18:143-9 pubmed
    ..While the addition of 1 or 2 mM Cu2+ (CuSO4 x 5H2O) to MYPG-S500 medium completely inhibited MnP production, this Cu2+ addition caused a marked increase in Lcc production at 17 and 6 days after the addition, respectively. ..
  17. Prospero S, Lutz A, Tavadze B, Supatashvili A, Rigling D. Discovery of a new gene pool and a high genetic diversity of the chestnut blight fungus Cryphonectria parasitica in Caucasian Georgia. Infect Genet Evol. 2013;20:131-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Due to the high incidence of haplotypes not otherwise present in Europe, Caucasian Georgia represents an additional source of diversity for the European C. parasitica population. ..
  18. Corredoira E, Ballester A, Vieitez A. Proliferation, maturation and germination of Castanea sativa Mill. Somatic embryos originated from leaf explants. Ann Bot. 2003;92:129-36 pubmed
    ..Shoots formed by somatic embryos could be excised, multiplied and rooted following the micropropagation procedures previously developed for chestnut. ..
  19. Li S, Wu X, Yang Q, Chen Y, Zhou N. [Studies on the chemical constituents of Lithocarpus polystachyus]. Zhong Yao Cai. 2010;33:549-51 pubmed
    ..Compounds II, IV - IX are isolated from this plant for the first time. ..
  20. Minieri S, Buccioni A, Serra A, Galigani I, Pezzati A, Rapaccini S, et al. Nutritional characteristics and quality of eggs from laying hens fed on a diet supplemented with chestnut tannin extract (Castanea sativa Miller). Br Poult Sci. 2016;57:824-832 pubmed
    ..Dietary supplementation with CT extract resulted in a modification of lipid composition, towards a more healthy quality of eggs...
  21. Hou W, Lin R, Cheng K, Hung Y, Cho C, Chen C, et al. Free radical-scavenging activity of Taiwanese native plants. Phytomedicine. 2003;10:170-5 pubmed
    ..buerferianum var. formosanum, C. japonica var. morii, C. stenophylla var. stenophylloides, and M. zuihoensis with great potency in these assay systems and may be candidates for the development of natural antioxidants...
  22. Youn S, Kwon J, Yin J, Tam L, Ahn H, Myung S, et al. Anti-Inflammatory and Anti-Urolithiasis Effects of Polyphenolic Compounds from Quercus gilva Blume. Molecules. 2017;22: pubmed publisher
    i>Quercus gilva Bume (QGB, family Fagaceae) is a tall evergreen oak species tree that grows in warm temperate regions in Korea, Japan, China and Taiwan. Quercus plants have long been the basis of traditional medicines...
  23. Bahuaud D, Martinez Ortiz de Montellano C, Chauveau S, Prevot F, Torres Acosta F, Fouraste I, et al. Effects of four tanniferous plant extracts on the in vitro exsheathment of third-stage larvae of parasitic nematodes. Parasitology. 2006;132:545-54 pubmed
    ..However, other secondary metabolites may also interfere with the process that would help to explain some of the differences in response observed between the two nematode species...
  24. Andrade G, Nairn C, Le H, Merkle S. Sexually mature transgenic American chestnut trees via embryogenic suspension-based transformation. Plant Cell Rep. 2009;28:1385-97 pubmed publisher
    ..Multiple vigorous transgenic somatic seedlings produced functional staminate flowers within 3 years following regeneration. ..
  25. Vannini A, Bruni N, Tomassini A, Franceschini S, Vettraino A. Pyrosequencing of environmental soil samples reveals biodiversity of the Phytophthora resident community in chestnut forests. FEMS Microbiol Ecol. 2013;85:433-42 pubmed publisher
    ..This study represents the first application of pyrosequencing for describing Phytophthoras in environmental soil samples. ..
  26. Tobin M, Pratt R, Jacobsen A, De Guzman M. Xylem vulnerability to cavitation can be accurately characterised in species with long vessels using a centrifuge method. Plant Biol (Stuttg). 2013;15:496-504 pubmed publisher
    ..We conclude that vulnerability to cavitation can be accurately characterised with vulnerability curves constructed using a centrifuge technique, even in long-vesselled species...
  27. Vieitez A, San José M, Corredoira E. Cryopreservation of zygotic embryonic axes and somatic embryos of European chestnut. Methods Mol Biol. 2011;710:201-13 pubmed publisher
    ..Plantlet recovery from cryostored embryogenic lines requires proliferation of the thawed embryos and subsequent maturation before germination and conversion into plantlets. ..
  28. Chen Z, Zhu C. Modelling inactivation by aqueous chlorine dioxide of Dothiorella gregaria Sacc. and Fusarium tricinctum (Corda) Sacc. spores inoculated on fresh chestnut kernel. Lett Appl Microbiol. 2011;52:676-84 pubmed publisher
    ..This work would promote the application of ClO(2) sanitizing technique and mathematical models when preventing the occurrence of chestnut kernel decay. ..
  29. Parajuli D, Adhikari C, Kawakita H, Yamada S, Ohto K, Inoue K. Chestnut pellicle for the recovery of gold. Bioresour Technol. 2009;100:1000-2 pubmed publisher
    ..Kinetic studies at various temperatures confirm an endothermic adsorption process following the pseudo-first order rate law. ..
  30. Barreira J, Ferreira I, Oliveira M, Pereira J. Antioxidant potential of chestnut (Castanea sativa L.) and almond (Prunus dulcis L.) by-products. Food Sci Technol Int. 2010;16:209-16 pubmed publisher
    ..Although, all the assayed by-products proved to have a high potential of application in new antioxidants formulations, chestnut skins and leaves demonstrated better results. ..
  31. Sáez P, Bravo L, Latsague M, Toneatti M, Sanchez Olate M, Ríos D. Light energy management in micropropagated plants of Castanea sativa, effects of photoinhibition. Plant Sci. 2013;201-202:12-24 pubmed publisher
  32. Carocho M, Antonio A, Barros L, Bento A, Botelho M, Kaluska I, et al. Comparative effects of gamma and electron beam irradiation on the antioxidant potential of Portuguese chestnuts (Castanea sativa Mill.). Food Chem Toxicol. 2012;50:3452-5 pubmed publisher
    ..The most indicated doses to maintain antioxidants content, and to increase antioxidant activity were 1 and 3 kGy for electron beam and gamma radiation, respectively. ..
  33. Staab M, Fornoff F, Klein A, Blüthgen N. Ants at Plant Wounds: A Little-Known Trophic Interaction with Evolutionary Implications for Ant-Plant Interactions. Am Nat. 2017;190:442-450 pubmed publisher
    ..Interaction networks were opportunistic, closely resembling ant-EFN networks. Fagaceae, a family lacking EFNs, was strongly overrepresented...
  34. Gutierrez Banuelos H, Pinchak W, Min B, Carstens G, Anderson R, Tedeschi L, et al. Effects of feed-supplementation and hide-spray application of two sources of tannins on enteric and hide bacteria of feedlot cattle. J Environ Sci Health B. 2011;46:360-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Further research is necessary to elucidate the possible antimicrobial effects of tannins at site-specific locations of the gastrointestinal tract in beef cattle fed high-grain and high-forage diets. ..
  35. Sartor C, Marinoni D, Quacchia A, Botta R. Quick detection of Dryocosmus kuriphilus Yasumatsu (Hymenoptera: Cynipidae) in chestnut dormant buds by nested PCR. Bull Entomol Res. 2012;102:367-71 pubmed publisher
    ..The method showed a potential efficiency of 5000 to 15,000 buds per week, depending on bud size. ..
  36. Dulmer K, LeDuc S, Horton T. Ectomycorrhizal inoculum potential of northeastern US forest soils for American chestnut restoration: results from field and laboratory bioassays. Mycorrhiza. 2014;24:65-74 pubmed publisher
    ..These results show that soil from red oak stands can be used to inoculate American chestnut with locally adapted ectomycorrhizal fungi prior to outplanting, a relatively cost effective approach for restoration efforts. ..
  37. Gounga M, Xu S, Wang Z, Yang W. Effect of whey protein isolate-pullulan edible coatings on the quality and shelf life of freshly roasted and freeze-dried Chinese chestnut. J Food Sci. 2008;73:E155-61 pubmed publisher
    ..This provides an alternative strategy to minimize the significant losses in harvested chestnut. ..
  38. Aguilar Romero R, Pineda Garcia F, Paz H, González Rodríguez A, Oyama K. Differentiation in the water-use strategies among oak species from central Mexico. Tree Physiol. 2017;37:915-925 pubmed publisher
    Oak species (Fagaceae: Quercus) differ in their distribution at the landscape scale, specializing to a certain portion of environmental gradients...
  39. Scott E, Rothstein D. Amino acid uptake by temperate tree species characteristic of low- and high-fertility habitats. Oecologia. 2011;167:547-57 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results support the idea that the dominant species in a particular habitat are those best able to utilize the most available N resources. ..
  40. Imaji A, Seiwa K. Carbon allocation to defense, storage, and growth in seedlings of two temperate broad-leaved tree species. Oecologia. 2010;162:273-81 pubmed publisher
    ..These contrasting carbon allocation patterns are closely associated with strategies for persistence in these species' respective habitats. ..
  41. Kennedy P, Sousa W. Forest encroachment into a Californian grassland: examining the simultaneous effects of facilitation and competition on tree seedling recruitment. Oecologia. 2006;148:464-74 pubmed
    ..Our combined results suggest that rate and patterning of woody plant encroachment can be strongly influenced by facilitation and that fog precipitation may play a key role in plant interactions...
  42. Dutech C, Barres B, Bridier J, Robin C, Milgroom M, Ravigne V. The chestnut blight fungus world tour: successive introduction events from diverse origins in an invasive plant fungal pathogen. Mol Ecol. 2012;21:3931-46 pubmed publisher
    ..This study confirmed the importance of multiple introductions, but questioned the role of genetic admixture in the success of introduction of a fungal plant pathogen. ..
  43. Neuner G, Xu B, Hacker J. Velocity and pattern of ice propagation and deep supercooling in woody stems of Castanea sativa, Morus nigra and Quercus robur measured by IDTA. Tree Physiol. 2010;30:1037-45 pubmed publisher
    ..XPCs did not freeze at once, but rather small cell groups appeared to freeze at random anywhere in the xylem. By IDTA, ice propagation and deep supercooling in stems can be monitored at meaningful spatial and temporal resolutions. ..
  44. Bryner S, Rigling D. Temperature-dependent genotype-by-genotype interaction between a pathogenic fungus and its hyperparasitic virus. Am Nat. 2011;177:65-74 pubmed publisher
    ..Genotype-by-genotype-by-environment interactions are essential to take into account when designing biological control strategies. ..
  45. Lee S, Yoon S, Kim S, Choi J, Park H. Chestnut as a food allergen: identification of major allergens. J Korean Med Sci. 2005;20:573-8 pubmed
    ..2% sensitization rate. Twenty one IgE binding components and one new allergen (the 24 kDa protein) were identified. Digestive enzymes and boiling treatment were able to decrease the allergenic potency. ..
  46. Bouneb M, Turchetti T, Nannelli R, Roversi P, Paoli F, Danti R, et al. Occurrence and transmission of mycovirus Cryphonectria hypovirus 1 from dejecta of Thyreophagus corticalis (Acari, Acaridae). Fungal Biol. 2016;120:351-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Our findings prove the spread of CHV1 by corticolous mites that feed on virus-infected fungus and emphasize their potential role as vectors. ..
  47. Oshone R, Mansour S, Tisa L. Effect of salt stress on the physiology of Frankia sp strain CcI6. J Biosci. 2013;38:699-702 pubmed
    ..strain CcI6 revealed that the strain is closely related to Frankia sp. strain CcI3. The strain displays an elevated level of NaCl tolerance. Vesicle production and nitrogenase activity were also influenced by NaCl. ..
  48. Daza A, Manjón J, Camacho M, Romero de la Osa L, Aguilar A, Santamaria C. Effect of carbon and nitrogen sources, pH and temperature on in vitro culture of several isolates of Amanita caesarea (Scop.:Fr.) Pers. Mycorrhiza. 2006;16:133-136 pubmed publisher
    ..Although variations in growth behaviour between isolates were observed, only one internal spacer sequence-restriction fragment length polymorphism type was obtained...
  49. Zhao S, Liu J, Chen S, Shi L, Liu Y, Ma C. Antioxidant potential of polyphenols and tannins from burs of Castanea mollissima Blume. Molecules. 2011;16:8590-600 pubmed publisher
    ..To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report on the enrichment of tannins from burs of C. mollissim using macroporous resin chromatography, and to assess the cellular antioxidant activity of them...
  50. Grunwald N. Novel insights into the emergence of pathogens: the case of chestnut blight. Mol Ecol. 2012;21:3896-7 pubmed publisher
    ..This work sheds new light on the emergence of C. parasitica providing compelling evidence that this pathogen emerged by repeated migration and occasional admixture...
  51. Sumida A, Terazawa I, Togashi A, Komiyama A. Spatial arrangement of branches in relation to slope and neighbourhood competition. Ann Bot. 2002;89:301-10 pubmed
    ..trees, the three-dimensional extension of primary branches was surveyed for ten community-grown Castanea crenata (Fagaceae) trees with respect to the positioning of neighbouring branches and the slope of the forest floor...
  52. Antonio A, Fernandes A, Barreira J, Bento A, Botelho M, Ferreira I. Influence of gamma irradiation in the antioxidant potential of chestnuts (Castanea sativa Mill.) fruits and skins. Food Chem Toxicol. 2011;49:1918-23 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, the application of gamma irradiation also seems to be advantageous for antioxidant activity, independently of the dose used (0.27 ± 0.04 kGy or 0.54 ± 0.04 kGy)...
  53. Quave C, Plano L, Bennett B. Quorum sensing inhibitors of Staphylococcus aureus from Italian medicinal plants. Planta Med. 2011;77:188-95 pubmed publisher
    ..Extracts from three medicinal plants (Ballota nigra, Castanea sativa, and Sambucus ebulus) exhibited a dose-dependent response in the production of ?-hemolysin, indicating anti-QS activity in a pathogenic MRSA isolate...
  54. Powell J, Aguerre M, Wattiaux M. Tannin extracts abate ammonia emissions from simulated dairy barn floors. J Environ Qual. 2011;40:907-14 pubmed publisher
    ..0%. Larger-scale trails are required to ascertain the effectiveness of tannin extracts in abating NH loss from dairy barn floors...
  55. Can I, Islam A, Karasoy D, Samim E. Does regional pollen load affect the prevalence of clinical allergy to those pollen groups?. J Laryngol Otol. 2010;124:297-301 pubmed publisher
    ..To test the association between clinical allergic sensitisation to pollens and the profile and load of those pollens, in Ankara, Turkey...
  56. Maynard C, Polin L, LaPierre S, Rothrock R, Powell W. American Chestnut [Castanea dentata (Marsh.) Borkh]. Methods Mol Biol. 2006;344:239-51 pubmed
    ..Cell line and batch-to-batch deviations both upward and downward should be expected. Finally, somatic embryos can be induced to form shoots, which can then be micropropagated and acclimatized...
  57. Shi Y, Zhang J, Jiang K, Cui M, Li Y. Development and characterization of polymorphic microsatellite markers in Castanopsis sclerophylla (Fagaceae). Am J Bot. 2011;98:e19-21 pubmed publisher
    We developed polymorphic microsatellite primers in Castanopsis sclerophylla (Lindley & Paxton) Schottky (Fagaceae), a dominant canopy tree, to provide markers for further studies on the genetic structure and mating system of this ..
  58. Langrell S, Morel O, Robin C. Touchdown nested multiplex PCR detection of Phytophthora cinnamomi and P. cambivora from French and English chestnut grove soils. Fungal Biol. 2011;115:672-82 pubmed publisher
    ..Levels of assay detection are comparable to other Phytophthora species where PCR based diagnostic systems have been reported. A qualitative evaluation of this approach against conventional baiting is presented...
  59. Santamaría M, Rodriguez R, Cañal M, Toorop P. Transcriptome analysis of chestnut (Castanea sativa) tree buds suggests a putative role for epigenetic control of bud dormancy. Ann Bot. 2011;108:485-98 pubmed publisher
    ..The present study aimed to identify genes that are differentially expressed in dormant and non-dormant Castanea sativa buds...
  60. Vielba J, Díaz Sala C, Ferro E, Rico S, Lamprecht M, Abarca D, et al. CsSCL1 is differentially regulated upon maturation in chestnut microshoots and is specifically expressed in rooting-competent cells. Tree Physiol. 2011;31:1152-60 pubmed publisher
  61. Gomes Laranjo J, Peixoto F, Wong Fong Sang H, Torres Pereira J. Study of the temperature effect in three chestnut (Castanea sativa Mill.) cultivars' behaviour. J Plant Physiol. 2006;163:945-55 pubmed
    ..These results were also supported by thylakoid fatty acid composition which indicated that the unsaturation index of Aveleira (158) was the lowest in comparison with other two cultivars, 168 and 175, for Longal and Judia, respectively...
  62. Wong J, Chan H, Ng T. A mannose/glucose-specific lectin from Chinese evergreen chinkapin (Castanopsis chinensis). Biochim Biophys Acta. 2008;1780:1017-22 pubmed publisher
    ..CCL exhibited mitogenic activity toward mouse splenocytes, and induced nitric oxide production from mouse peritoneal macrophages but was devoid of inhibitory activity toward mycelial growth and HIV-1 reverse transcriptase...
  63. Chiarini A, Micucci M, Malaguti M, Budriesi R, Ioan P, Lenzi M, et al. Sweet chestnut (Castanea sativa Mill.) bark extract: cardiovascular activity and myocyte protection against oxidative damage. Oxid Med Cell Longev. 2013;2013:471790 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results indicate that CSM bark extract exhibits antioxidant activity and might induce cardioprotective effect...
  64. Roach T, Ivanova M, Beckett R, Minibayeva F, Green I, Pritchard H, et al. An oxidative burst of superoxide in embryonic axes of recalcitrant sweet chestnut seeds as induced by excision and desiccation. Physiol Plant. 2008;133:131-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The results indicate a complex interaction between excision and subsequent drying and are discussed with a view of manipulating ROS production for optimisation of cryopreservation protocols...
  65. Barbat A, Gloaguen V, Moine C, Sainte Catherine O, Kraemer M, Rogniaux H, et al. Structural characterization and cytotoxic properties of a 4-O-methylglucuronoxylan from castanea sativa. 2. Evidence of a structure-activity relationship. J Nat Prod. 2008;71:1404-9 pubmed publisher
  66. Carro L, Pujic P, Trujillo M, Normand P. Micromonospora is a normal occupant of actinorhizal nodules. J Biosci. 2013;38:685-93 pubmed
    ..Micromonospora isolates were found to inhibit some Frankia strains and to be innocuous to other strains...
  67. Ježić M, Krstin L, Rigling D, Curković Perica M. High diversity in populations of the introduced plant pathogen, Cryphonectria parasitica, due to encounters between genetically divergent genotypes. Mol Ecol. 2012;21:87-99 pubmed publisher
    ..parasitica populations...
  68. Brizi C, Santulli C, Micucci M, Budriesi R, Chiarini A, Aldinucci C, et al. Neuroprotective Effects of Castanea sativa Mill. Bark Extract in Human Neuroblastoma Cells Subjected to Oxidative Stress. J Cell Biochem. 2016;117:510-20 pubmed publisher
    ..In conclusion, the present results suggest that ENC could be a valuable support as dietary supplement, combining beneficial preventive neuroprotettive effects with a high antioxidant activity...
  69. Vettraino A, Paolacci A, Vannini A. Endophytism of Sclerotinia pseudotuberosa: PCR assay for specific detection in chestnut tissues. Mycol Res. 2005;109:96-102 pubmed
    ..It is discussed that latency of S. pseudotuberosa in chestnut tissues may represent a adaptive strategy of the pathogen for rapid and massive host colonization in favourable environmental conditions...
  70. Santos C, Nelson C, Zhebentyayeva T, Machado H, Gomes Laranjo J, Costa R. First interspecific genetic linkage map for Castanea sativa x Castanea crenata revealed QTLs for resistance to Phytophthora cinnamomi. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0184381 pubmed publisher
    ..cinnamomi defense mechanisms across species. Results presented here extend the genomic resources of Castanea genus providing potential tools to assist the ongoing and future chestnut breeding programs...
  71. Palmer J, Lindner D, Volk T. Ectomycorrhizal characterization of an American chestnut (Castanea dentata)-dominated community in Western Wisconsin. Mycorrhiza. 2008;19:27-36 pubmed publisher
    ..This study highlights the need to identify the plant host species when conducting belowground molecular-based surveys and provides preliminary identification of ectomycorrhizal fungi associated with a disjunct stand of American chestnut...
  72. Hwang D, Won K, Kim D, Kim B, Lee H. Cinnamyl Alcohol, the Bioactive Component of Chestnut Flower Absolute, Inhibits Adipocyte Differentiation in 3T3-L1 Cells by Downregulating Adipogenic Transcription Factors. Am J Chin Med. 2017;45:833-846 pubmed publisher
    ..Therefore, cinnamyl alcohol, as well as CCDF absolute, may be potential candidates for the prevention or treatment of obesity...
  73. Shang S, Li Y, Jiang P, Zhou G, Liu J, Wu J, et al. [Effects of the conversion from native shrub forest to Chinese chestnut plantation on soil carbon and nitrogen pools]. Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao. 2012;23:659-65 pubmed
    ..In conclusion, the conversion from NF to CP and the intensive management of CP decreased the contents of soil labile C and soil N but increased the stability of soil C pool significantly...
  74. Wang H, Ng T. Purification of castamollin, a novel antifungal protein from Chinese chestnuts. Protein Expr Purif. 2003;32:44-51 pubmed
    ..7microM. Castamollin displayed antifungal activity against Botrytis cinerea, Mycosphaerella arachidicola, Physalospora piricola, and Coprinus comatus but was devoid of lectin activity...
  75. Carocho M, Barreira J, Bento A, Fernández Ruiz V, Morales P, Ferreira I. Chestnut and lemon balm based ingredients as natural preserving agents of the nutritional profile in matured "Serra da Estrela" cheese. Food Chem. 2016;204:185-93 pubmed publisher
    ..These plants can be regarded as promising natural preservers in foodstuffs cheese, given the preservation of key parameters and the slight impact on the nutritional value...
  76. Ruoff K, Karoui R, Dufour E, Luginbühl W, Bosset J, Bogdanov S, et al. Authentication of the botanical origin of honey by front-face fluorescence spectroscopy. A preliminary study. J Agric Food Chem. 2005;53:1343-7 pubmed
    ..It is nondestructive, rapid, easy to use, and inexpensive. The use of additional excitation wavelengths between 320 and 440 nm could increase the correct classification of the less characteristic fluorescent varieties...
  77. Barreira J, Casal S, Ferreira I, Oliveira M, Pereira J. Nutritional, fatty acid and triacylglycerol profiles of Castanea sativa Mill. cultivars: a compositional and chemometric approach. J Agric Food Chem. 2009;57:2836-42 pubmed publisher
  78. Hou S, Chen S, Huang S, Jiang D, Zhou C, Chen C, et al. The hypoglycemic activity of Lithocarpus polystachyus Rehd. leaves in the experimental hyperglycemic rats. J Ethnopharmacol. 2011;138:142-9 pubmed publisher
    ..are used for the treatment of disorders such as diabetes, hypertension, and epilepsy in folk medicine of South China. The possible antidiabetic effects of the leaves were investigated in experimental type 2 and type 1 diabetic rats...
  79. Gobbin D, Hohl L, Conza L, Jermini M, Gessler C, Conedera M. Microsatellite-based characterization of the Castanea sativa cultivar heritage of southern Switzerland. Genome. 2007;50:1089-103 pubmed
    ..The fundamental problem of the frequent cases of homonymy and synonymy is discussed, as is the need for criteria for discriminating between polyclonal varieties and distinct homonymous varieties...
  80. Vinckier S, Smets E. The potential role of orbicules as a vector of allergens. Allergy. 2001;56:1129-36 pubmed
    ..5-2 microm) granules of sporopollenin may occur next to the pollen grains. Those granules, called orbicules, mostly occur on the radial and innermost tangential wall of secretory tapetum cells...
  81. Chu K, Ng T. Isolation of a large thaumatin-like antifungal protein from seeds of the Kweilin chestnut Castanopsis chinensis. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2003;301:364-70 pubmed
    ..6 microM) than kiwi fruit TLP (IC(50) > or = 27 microM). Castanopsis TLP was obtained with a yield of 20 mg from 1 kg chestnut seeds...
  82. Thompson C, Fernandes C, de Souza O, Salzano F, Bonatto S, Freitas L. Molecular modeling of pathogenesis-related proteins of family 5. Cell Biochem Biophys. 2006;44:385-94 pubmed
    ..We have constructed three-dimensional models of four proteins belonging to the Rosaceae and Fagaceae botanical families by using the technique of comparative molecular modelling by homology...
  83. Jerkovic I, Mastelic J, Marijanovic Z, Klein Z, Jelic M. Comparison of hydrodistillation and ultrasonic solvent extraction for the isolation of volatile compounds from two unifloral honeys of Robinia pseudoacacia L. and Castanea sativa L. Ultrason Sonochem. 2007;14:750-6 pubmed
    ..7-7.4%), vanillic acid (0.0-1.6%) and phenylacetic acid (0.5-4.1%) was determined in Rp USE extracts, while Cs USE extracts contained phenylacetic acid (20.2-23.5%) as the major constituent with low percentage of benzoic acid (2.5-5.5%)...
  84. Wang S, Bai F. Saccharomyces arboricolus sp. nov., a yeast species from tree bark. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2008;58:510-4 pubmed publisher
    ..Three ascomycetous yeast strains, H-6(T), ZX-15 and ZX-20, isolated from the bark of two tree species of the family Fagaceae collected from different regions of China, formed unconjugated and persistent asci containing two to four globose ..
  85. Geng L, Wang X, Yu F, Deng X, Tian X, Shi X, et al. Mycorrhizal synthesis of Tuber indicum with two indigenous hosts, Castanea mollissima and Pinus armandii. Mycorrhiza. 2009;19:461-467 pubmed publisher
    ..The synthesis of mycorrhizae of T. indicum with its indigenous hosts will be of great significance for planned cultivation of the Asian black truffles. ..
  86. He C, Convertino M, Feng Z, Zhang S. Using LiDAR data to measure the 3D green biomass of Beijing urban forest in China. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e75920 pubmed publisher
    ..This represents an improvement over the conventional method because it not only provides a basis to evalue indices of Beijing urban greenings, but also introduces a new technique to assess 3D green biomass in other cities. ..
  87. Dolai N, Karmakar I, Kumar R, Bala A, Mazumder U, Haldar P. Antitumor potential of Castanopsis indica (Roxb. ex Lindl.) A. DC. leaf extract against Ehrlich's ascites carcinoma cell. Indian J Exp Biol. 2012;50:359-65 pubmed
    ..The results revealed that MECI possesses significant dose dependent antitumor potential which may be due to its cytotoxicity and antioxidant properties...
  88. Do Carmo Barbosa Mendes De Vasconcelos M, Bennett R, Rosa E, Ferreira Cardoso J. Primary and secondary metabolite composition of kernels from three cultivars of Portuguese chestnut (Castanea sativa Mill.) at different stages of industrial transformation. J Agric Food Chem. 2007;55:3508-16 pubmed
  89. Zlatanov M, Antova G, Angelova Romova M, Teneva O. Lipid composition of Castanea sativa Mill. and Aesculus hippocastanum fruit oils. J Sci Food Agric. 2013;93:661-6 pubmed publisher
    ..The lipids are rich in biologically active substances as fatty acids, phospholipids, sterols and tocopherols. The fruit has been used as food, and for medicinal purposes to treat inflammatory and vascular problems...