elettaria

Summary

Summary: A plant genus of the family ZINGIBERACEAE, order Zingiberales, subclass Zingiberidae. Elettaria cardamomum (L.) Maton is the source of Cardamom used in SPICES.

Top Publications

  1. Yadav A, Bhatnagar D. Free radical scavenging activity, metal chelation and antioxidant power of some of the Indian spices. Biofactors. 2007;31:219-27 pubmed
    ..FRAP values for cloves were also the highest, while other spices showed comparatively lesser FRAP values. The results show that the spices tested are strong antioxidants and may have beneficial effects on human health...
  2. Majdalawieh A, Carr R. In vitro investigation of the potential immunomodulatory and anti-cancer activities of black pepper (Piper nigrum) and cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum). J Med Food. 2010;13:371-81 pubmed publisher
    ..We anticipate that black pepper and cardamom constituents can be used as potential therapeutic tools to regulate inflammatory responses and prevent/attenuate carcinogenesis...
  3. Kuriakose G, Sinu P, Shivanna K. Domestication of cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum) in Western Ghats, India: divergence in productive traits and a shift in major pollinators. Ann Bot. 2009;103:727-33 pubmed publisher
    b>Elettaria cardamomum, a highly priced spice, is native to the Western Ghats of South India...
  4. Qiblawi S, Al Hazimi A, Al Mogbel M, Hossain A, Bagchi D. Chemopreventive effects of cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum L.) on chemically induced skin carcinogenesis in Swiss albino mice. J Med Food. 2012;15:576-80 pubmed publisher
    ..05) following cardamom suspension treatment. Taken together, these findings indicate the potential of cardamom as a chemopreventive agent against two-stage skin cancer...
  5. Jamal A, Javed K, Aslam M, Jafri M. Gastroprotective effect of cardamom, Elettaria cardamomum Maton. fruits in rats. J Ethnopharmacol. 2006;103:149-53 pubmed
    Cardamom, the fruits of Elettaria cardamomum Maton. (Zingiberaceae) commonly known as "Heel khurd" is used in Unani system of medicine to treat gastrointestinal disorders...
  6. Marongiu B, Piras A, Porcedda S. Comparative analysis of the oil and supercritical CO2 extract of Elettaria cardamomum (L.) Maton. J Agric Food Chem. 2004;52:6278-82 pubmed
    The volatile oil of Elettaria cardamomum (L.) Maton seeds was obtained by supercritical CO(2) extraction (SC-CO(2))...
  7. Nagashree S, Archana K, Srinivas P, Srinivasan K, Sowbhagya H. Anti-hypercholesterolemic influence of the spice cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum) in experimental rats. J Sci Food Agric. 2017;97:3204-3210 pubmed publisher
    Cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum) is an aromatic seed spice grown extensively in India and used as a flavoring in sweets...
  8. Senthil Kumar C, Jacob T, Devasahayam S, Thomas S, Geethu C. Multifarious plant growth promotion by an entomopathogenic fungus Lecanicillium psalliotae. Microbiol Res. 2018;207:153-160 pubmed publisher
    ..previously found infectious to cardamom thrips, Sciothrips cardamomi promoted plant growth in cardamom, Elettaria cardamomum...
  9. Pratheeshkumar N, Chandran M, Beevi S, Mathew T, George T, Paul A, et al. Dissipation kinetics and effect of processing on imidacloprid and its metabolites in cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum Maton). Environ Monit Assess. 2016;188:53 pubmed publisher
    ..Other metabolites such as 6-chloronicotinic acid, olefin and nitrosimine were not detected either in fresh or cured cardamom. ..

More Information

Publications60

  1. Daneshi Maskooni M, Keshavarz S, Mansouri S, Qorbani M, Alavian S, Badri Fariman M, et al. The effects of green cardamom on blood glucose indices, lipids, inflammatory factors, paraxonase-1, sirtuin-1, and irisin in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and obesity: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials. 2017;18:260 pubmed publisher
    ..This study aims to determine the effects of green cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum) supplementation on blood glucose indices, lipids, inflammatory profiles, and liver function, ..
  2. Kazemi S, Yaghooblou F, Siassi F, Rahimi Foroushani A, Ghavipour M, Koohdani F, et al. Cardamom supplementation improves inflammatory and oxidative stress biomarkers in hyperlipidemic, overweight, and obese pre-diabetic women: a randomized double-blind clinical trial. J Sci Food Agric. 2017;97:5296-5301 pubmed publisher
    ..The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the effects of cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum) supplementation on inflammation and oxidative stress in hyperlipidemic, overweight, and obese pre-..
  3. Nadiya F, Anjali N, Thomas J, Gangaprasad A, Sabu K. Data on identification of conserved and novel miRNAs in Elettaria cardamomum. Data Brief. 2017;14:789-792 pubmed publisher
    i>Elettaria cardamomum (L.) Maton, or small cardamom referred as 'queen of spices', is a perennial herbaceous rhizomatous monocot of the family Zingiberaceae...
  4. Kandikattu H, Rachitha P, Jayashree G, Krupashree K, Sukhith M, Majid A, et al. Anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant effects of Cardamom (Elettaria repens (Sonn.) Baill) and its phytochemical analysis by 4D GCXGC TOF-MS. Biomed Pharmacother. 2017;91:191-201 pubmed publisher
    ..Overall, the results suggest that E. repens may be useful in combating inflammation and oxidative stress. ..
  5. Ahammed Shabeer T, Girame R, Utture S, Oulkar D, Banerjee K, Ajay D, et al. Optimization of multi-residue method for targeted screening and quantitation of 243 pesticide residues in cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum) by gas chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (GC-MS/MS) analysis. Chemosphere. 2018;193:447-453 pubmed publisher
    ..0-120.0%, with ≤20% RSD for the majority of pesticides. The method was used for screening market samples, and the detected residues were devoid of any risk of acute toxicity related to dietary exposure. ..
  6. Aslam S, Jahan N, Rahman K, Zafar F, Ashraf M. Synergistic interactions of polyphenols and their effect on antiradical potential. Pak J Pharm Sci. 2017;30:1297-1304 pubmed
    ..Different mixtures of plant extracts of Crataegus oxyacantha (C), Elettaria cardamomum (Cr), Terminalia arjuna (T) and Rauvolfia serpentina (R) were prepared and evaluated for total ..
  7. Masoumi Ardakani Y, Mahmoudvand H, Mirzaei A, Esmaeilpour K, Ghazvini H, Khalifeh S, et al. The effect of Elettaria cardamomum extract on anxiety-like behavior in a rat model of post-traumatic stress disorder. Biomed Pharmacother. 2017;87:489-495 pubmed publisher
    ..Nowadays, various pharmacological properties have been related to Elettaria cardamomum L. (family of Zingiberaceae). The present study aims to evaluate the efficacy of E...
  8. Asakawa Y, Ludwiczuk A, Sakurai K, Tomiyama K, Kawakami Y, Yaguchi Y. Comparative Study on Volatile Compounds of Alpinia japonica and Elettaria cardamomum. J Oleo Sci. 2017;66:871-876 pubmed publisher
    ..compounds obtained from the ether extracts, headspace gases and steam distillates of Alpinia japonica and Elettaria cardamomum were analyzed by GC/MS...
  9. Starkenmann C, Mayenzet F, Brauchli R, Wunsche L, Vial C. Structure elucidation of a pungent compound in black cardamom: Amomum tsao-ko Crevost et Lemarié (Zingiberaceae). J Agric Food Chem. 2007;55:10902-7 pubmed
  10. Jebasingh T, Jose M, Yadunandam A, Backiyarani S, Srividhya K, Krishnaswamy S, et al. Molecular modeling and conformational analysis of native and refolded viral genome-linked protein of cardamom mosaic virus. Indian J Biochem Biophys. 2011;48:336-40 pubmed
    ..This is the first report on the VPg of CdMV, which is classified as a new member of the Macluravirus genus of the Potyviridae family...
  11. Smith R, Adams T, Cohen S, Doull J, Feron V, Goodman J, et al. Safety evaluation of natural flavour complexes. Toxicol Lett. 2004;149:197-207 pubmed
    ..Future safety evaluations of larger numbers of NFCs will indicate the usefulness of the system, either in its present form or in a form modified on the basis of experience...
  12. Sharma G, Sharma E, Sharma R, Singh K. Performance of an age series of alnus-cardamom plantations in the Sikkim Himalaya: productivity, energetics and efficiencies. Ann Bot. 2002;89:261-72 pubmed
    ..The Alnus-cardamom plantation system will be sustainable by adopting a rotational cycle of 15 to 20 years...
  13. Josephrajkumar A, Chakrabarty R, Thomas G. Purification of elastase-like chymotrypsin from cardamom shoot and Capsule borer [corrected]. Indian J Exp Biol. 2007;45:998-1002 pubmed
    ..1 kDa. Casein zymogram revealed one clear zone of proteolytic activity, which corresponded to the band obtained with SDS-PAGE indicating that this could be a single-polypeptide enzyme...
  14. Das I, Acharya A, Berry D, Sen S, Williams E, Permaul E, et al. Antioxidative effects of the spice cardamom against non-melanoma skin cancer by modulating nuclear factor erythroid-2-related factor 2 and NF-?B signalling pathways. Br J Nutr. 2012;108:984-97 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, the results from the present study suggest that cardamom has a potential to become a pivotal chemopreventive agent to prevent papillomagenesis on the skin...
  15. Sereshti H, Rohanifar A, Bakhtiari S, Samadi S. Bifunctional ultrasound assisted extraction and determination of Elettaria cardamomum Maton essential oil. J Chromatogr A. 2012;1238:46-53 pubmed publisher
    ..microextraction (USAEME) was developed for the extraction and preconcentration of the essential oil of Elettaria cardamomum Maton...
  16. Abbasipour H, Mahmoudvand M, Rastegar F, Hosseinpour M. Fumigant toxicity and oviposition deterrency of the essential oil from cardamom, Elettaria cardamomum, against three stored–product insects. J Insect Sci. 2011;11:165 pubmed publisher
    ..In the current study, chemical composition and insecticidal activities of the essential oil from cardamom, Elettaria cardamomum L. (Maton) (Zingiberales: Zingiberaceae) on the adults of three stored product pests was investigated...
  17. Naik D, Belavadi V, Thippesha D. Efficacy of neem products and insecticides for the control of shoot fly Formosina flavipes Mall. of Cardamom (Elettaria Cardamomum Maton.). Commun Agric Appl Biol Sci. 2006;71:483-7 pubmed
    ..The present study clearly indicated that application of neem cake helps not only in reduction of shoot fly incidence but also enhances the production of side suckers compared to other treatments...
  18. Jacob T, Jebasingh T, Venugopal M, Usha R. High genetic diversity in the coat protein and 3 untranslated regions among geographical isolates of Cardamom mosaic virus from south India. J Biosci. 2003;28:589-95 pubmed
    ..The possible occurrence of recombination between the isolates and the movement of the virus in the cardamom tract of south India are discussed...
  19. Josephrajkumar A, Chakrabarty R, Thomas G. Midgut proteases of the cardamom shoot and capsule borer Conogethes punctiferalis (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) and their interaction with aprotinin. Bull Entomol Res. 2006;96:91-8 pubmed
    ..Trypsin and elastase-like chymotrypsin were significantly inhibited by 94% and 29%, respectively, by aprotinin (150 nm) under in vitro conditions. A possible incorporation of protease inhibitors into transgenic plants is discussed...
  20. Fang J, Wang R, Huang Y, Wu P, Tsai Y. Passive and iontophoretic delivery of three diclofenac salts across various skin types. Biol Pharm Bull. 2000;23:1357-62 pubmed
    ..The results of this investigation suggest that the transdermal mechanism and the route of diclofenac salt uptake via passive and iontophoretic transport can be affected by their counterions...
  21. Bhattacharjee S, Rana T, Sengupta A. Inhibition of lipid peroxidation and enhancement of GST activity by cardamom and cinnamon during chemically induced colon carcinogenesis in Swiss albino mice. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2007;8:578-82 pubmed
  22. Mandal B, Shilpi S, Barman A, Mandal S, Varma A. Nine novel DNA components associated with the foorkey disease of large cardamom: evidence of a distinct babuvirus species in Nanoviridae. Virus Res. 2013;178:297-305 pubmed publisher
    ..CBDV is the first distinct babuvirus species that affects plant species outside family Musaceae. This study shows further diversity in the genus Babuvirus...
  23. Kumari S, Dutta A. Protective effect of Eleteria cardamomum (L.) Maton against Pan masala induced damage in lung of male Swiss mice. Asian Pac J Trop Med. 2013;6:525-31 pubmed publisher
    To study the potential ameliorating properties of cardamom Elettaria cardamomum (E. cardamomum) L. Maton against pan masala induced damage in lung of male Swiss mice...
  24. Bhattacharjee B, Chatterjee J. Identification of proapoptopic, anti-inflammatory, anti- proliferative, anti-invasive and anti-angiogenic targets of essential oils in cardamom by dual reverse virtual screening and binding pose analysis. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2013;14:3735-42 pubmed
    Cardamom (Elettaria cardamom), also known as "Queen of Spices", has been traditionally used as a culinary ingredient due to its pleasant aroma and taste...
  25. Huang Y, Yen G, Sheu F, Lin J, Chau C. Dose effects of the food spice cardamom on aspects of hamster gut physiology. Mol Nutr Food Res. 2007;51:602-8 pubmed
    ..5 g/100 g diet or 40 mg/day) might exert a favorable effect on improving the gastrointestinal milieu, and also provide a clue to substantiate its traditional therapeutic uses and dosage for intestinal health improvement...
  26. Carvalho A, Gonçalves L, Valente I, Rodrigues J, Barros A. Analysis of cardamonin by square wave voltammetry. Phytochem Anal. 2012;23:396-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Although being a very promising compound for the nutraceutical field there is a lack of studies concerning its electroanalytical properties...
  27. Lawrence H, Palombo E. Activity of essential oils against Bacillus subtilis spores. J Microbiol Biotechnol. 2009;19:1590-5 pubmed
    ..Our data have shown that essential oils exert sporicidal activity and may be useful in applications where bacterial spore reduction is desired...
  28. Real M, Molina Molina J, Jimenez J, Diéguez H, Fernandez M, Olea N. Assessment of hormone-like activities in Ginkgo biloba, Elettaria cardamomum and Plantago ovata extracts using in vitro receptor-specific bioassays. Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess. 2015;32:1531-41 pubmed publisher
    ..three medicinal plants historically and currently used for therapeutic purposes: Ginkgo biloba leaves (GBL), Elettaria cardamomum seeds (ECS) and Plantago ovata seeds (POS)...
  29. K P S, R S. Integrated plant nutrient system - with special emphasis on mineral nutriton and biofertilizers for Black pepper and cardamom - A review. Crit Rev Microbiol. 2016;42:439-53 pubmed publisher
    ..This review focuses on the integrated plant nutrition system incorporating biofertilizer with special emphasis on developing and formulating biofertilizer consortium. ..
  30. Al Haidari R, Shaaban M, Ibrahim S, Mohamed G. ANTI-QUORUM SENSING ACTIVITY OF SOME MEDICINAL PLANTS. Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. 2016;13:67-71 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of this study was to explore the effect of the extracts from some medicinal plants on quorum sensing and related virulence factors of P. aeruginosa...
  31. Josephrajkumar A, Chakrabarty R, Thomas G. Occurrence of trypsin-like protease in cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum Maton). Indian J Biochem Biophys. 2005;42:243-5 pubmed
    Occurrence of trypsin-like protease in fresh cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum Maton) seeds, as evidenced by the benzoyl-arg-p-nitroanilide (BApNA) hydrolyzing ability of the seed enzyme preparation under alkaline condition is reported for ..
  32. Suneetha W, Krishnakantha T. Cardamom extract as inhibitor of human platelet aggregation. Phytother Res. 2005;19:437-40 pubmed
    ..An increase in concentration of cardamom has decreased the MDA formation significantly. Hence, it may be said that aqueous extract of cardamom may have component(s), which protect platelets from aggregation and lipid peroxidation...
  33. Joshi R, Sharma P, Sharma V, Prasad R, Sud R, Gulati A. Analysis of the essential oil of large cardamom (Amomum subulatum Roxb.) growing in different agro-climatic zones of Himachal Pradesh, India. J Sci Food Agric. 2013;93:1303-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The composition of the essential oil was determined by gas chromatography (GC), gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and gas chromatography-olfactometry (GC-O)...
  34. Ghosh Das S, Savage G. Total and soluble oxalate content of some Indian spices. Plant Foods Hum Nutr. 2012;67:186-90 pubmed publisher
    ..1% of the total oxalate content which suggests that some spices present no risk to people liable to kidney stone formation, while other spices can supply significant amounts of soluble oxalates and therefore should be used in moderation...
  35. Jacob T, Usha R. Expression of Cardamom mosaic virus coat protein in Escherichia coli and its assembly into filamentous aggregates. Virus Res. 2002;86:133-41 pubmed
    ..Deletion mutations, which were expected to inhibit virus assembly, were introduced in the core region of the coat protein. However, these mutations did not improve the solubility of the CP in non-denaturing buffers...
  36. Verma S, Jain V, Katewa S. Blood pressure lowering, fibrinolysis enhancing and antioxidant activities of cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum). Indian J Biochem Biophys. 2009;46:503-6 pubmed
    b>Elettaria cardamomum (L.) Maton. (Small cardamom) fruit powder was evaluated for its antihypertensive potential and its effect on some of the cardiovascular risk factors in individuals with stage 1 hypertension...
  37. Wadikar D, Nanjappa C, Premavalli K, Bawa A. Development of ginger based ready-to-eat appetizers by response surface methodology. Appetite. 2010;55:76-83 pubmed publisher
    ..The munches packed in metalized polyester pouches had a shelf life of 8 months at ambient conditions (18-33 degrees C) as well as at a fixed temperature of 37 degrees C storage...
  38. Sharma G, Sharma R, Sharma E, Singh K. Performance of an age series of Alnus-cardamom plantations in the Sikkim Himalaya: nutrient dynamics. Ann Bot. 2002;89:273-82 pubmed
    ..Nutrient cycling and dynamics indicated that Alnus-cardamom plantations performed sustainably up to 15-20 years. The management practice should be altered to incorporate replantation after this age...
  39. Lim D, Kim H, Park J, Kim J, Moon J, Park S, et al. Amomum cardamomum L. ethyl acetate fraction protects against carbon tetrachloride-induced liver injury via an antioxidant mechanism in rats. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2016;16:155 pubmed publisher
    ..These results indicated that EAAC has a significant hepatoprotective activity on CCl4-induced acute hepatic injury in rats, which might be derived from its antioxidant properties and CYP2E1 downregulation. ..
  40. Kumar V, Damodharan S, Pandaranayaka E, Madathiparambil M, Tennyson J. Molecular modeling and in-silico engineering of Cardamom mosaic virus coat protein for the presentation of immunogenic epitopes of Leptospira LipL32. J Biomol Struct Dyn. 2016;34:42-56 pubmed publisher
    ..Based on the type of amino acids, length, surface accessibility, and docking energy with CdMV CP model, the order of antigenicity of the LipL32 epitopes was found to be EP4 > EP3 > EP2 > EP6. ..
  41. George T, Beevi S, Xavier G, Kumar N, George J. Dissipation kinetics and assessment of processing factor for chlorpyrifos and lambda-cyhalothrin in cardamom. Environ Monit Assess. 2013;185:5277-84 pubmed publisher
    ..24-3.68 times and that of lambda-cyhalothrin got magnified to 2.98-3.46 times of initial residues, consequent to loss of weight due to dehydration during curing...
  42. Acharya A, Das I, Singh S, Saha T. Chemopreventive properties of indole-3-carbinol, diindolylmethane and other constituents of cardamom against carcinogenesis. Recent Pat Food Nutr Agric. 2010;2:166-77 pubmed
    ..This review is focused on the patents generated on the effects of I3C, DIM and selected phytochemicals of cardamom on carcinogenesis...
  43. Omar J, Olivares M, Alonso I, Vallejo A, Aizpurua Olaizola O, Etxebarria N. Quantitative Analysis of Bioactive Compounds from Aromatic Plants by Means of Dynamic Headspace Extraction and Multiple Headspace Extraction-Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry. J Food Sci. 2016;81:C867-73 pubmed publisher
    ..The developed methods were applied to analyze the concentration of 7 monoterpenes in aromatic plants obtaining concentrations in the range of 2 to 6000 ng/g and 0.25 to 110 ?g/mg, respectively...
  44. Jebasingh T, Pandaranayaka E, Mahalakshmi A, Kasin Yadunandam A, Krishnaswamy S, Usha R. Expression, purification and molecular modeling of the NIa protease of Cardamom mosaic virus. J Biomol Struct Dyn. 2013;31:602-11 pubmed publisher
    ..The model gave an insight in to the substrate specificities of the NIa proteases and predicted the complementation of nearby residues in the catalytic triad (H42, D74 and C141) mutants in the cis protease activity of CdMV NIa protease...
  45. Singh A, Daing A, Dixit J. The effect of herbal, essential oil and chlorhexidine mouthrinse on de novo plaque formation. Int J Dent Hyg. 2013;11:48-52 pubmed publisher
  46. Gilani A, Jabeen Q, Khan A, Shah A. Gut modulatory, blood pressure lowering, diuretic and sedative activities of cardamom. J Ethnopharmacol. 2008;115:463-72 pubmed
    Cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum) is traditionally used in various gastrointestinal, cardiovascular and neuronal disorders.
  47. Jacob T, Usha R. 3'-Terminal sequence analysis of the RNA genome of the Indian isolate of cardamom mosaic virus: a new member of genus Macluravirus of potyviridae. Virus Genes. 2001;23:81-8 pubmed
    ..Sequence analysis of the clone suggests that the cardamom mosaic virus is a member of the Maclurvirus genus of the family Potyviridae...
  48. Aghasi M, Ghazi Zahedi S, Koohdani F, Siassi F, Nasli Esfahani E, Keshavarz A, et al. The effects of green cardamom supplementation on blood glucose, lipids profile, oxidative stress, sirtuin-1 and irisin in type 2 diabetic patients: a study protocol for a randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2018;18:18 pubmed publisher
    ..The results from this trial will provide evidence on the efficacy of green cardamom in type 2 diabetes mellitus. ( http://www.irct.ir , identifier: IRCT2016042717254N5), Registration date: 23.11.2016. ..
  49. Kikuzaki H, Kawai Y, Nakatani N. 1,1-Diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical-scavenging active compounds from greater cardamom (Amomum subulatum Roxb.). J Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo). 2001;47:167-71 pubmed
    ..Compounds 1 and 3 showed stronger activity than such natural antioxidants as alpha-tocopherol and L-ascorbic acid. Compounds 2 and 4 were comparable to alpha-tocopherol and L-ascorbic acid...
  50. Suganthi R, Rajamani S, Ravichandran M, Anuradha C. Effect of food seasoning spices mixture on biomarkers of oxidative stress in tissues of fructose-fed insulin-resistant rats. J Med Food. 2007;10:149-53 pubmed
    ..The positive effect of SM on the oxidant-antioxidant balance could be attributed to the active constituents of the different spices present in the mixture...
  51. Sengupta A, Ghosh S, Bhattacharjee S. Dietary cardamom inhibits the formation of azoxymethane-induced aberrant crypt foci in mice and reduces COX-2 and iNOS expression in the colon. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2005;6:118-22 pubmed
    ..Cardamom as a whole and its active components require further attention if the use of this spice is to be recommended for cancer prevention...