orchidaceae

Summary

Summary: A plant family of the order Asparagales. All members of the orchid family have the same bilaterally symmetrical flower structure, with three sepals, but the flowers vary greatly in color and shape.

Top Publications

  1. Lu H, Hsieh M, Chen C, Chen H, Wang H, Yeh H. A high-throughput virus-induced gene-silencing vector for screening transcription factors in virus-induced plant defense response in orchid. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2012;25:738-46 pubmed publisher
    The large number of species and worldwide spread of species of Orchidaceae indicates their successful adaptation to environmental stresses. Thus, orchids provide rich resources to study how plants have evolved to cope with stresses...
  2. Manners V, Kumaria S, Tandon P. SPAR methods revealed high genetic diversity within populations and high gene flow of Vanda coerulea Griff ex Lindl (Blue Vanda), an endangered orchid species. Gene. 2013;519:91-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Present investigation suggests the efficiency of SPAR methods to estimate the genetic diversity of V. coerulea and can be seen as a starting point for future research on the population and evolutionary genetics of this species. ..
  3. Vaz A, Mota R, Bomfim M, Vieira M, Zani C, Rosa C, et al. Antimicrobial activity of endophytic fungi associated with Orchidaceae in Brazil. Can J Microbiol. 2009;55:1381-91 pubmed publisher
    ..examine antimicrobial activity of endophytic fungi isolated from the leaves, stems, and roots of 54 species of Orchidaceae collected in a Brazilian tropical ecosystem...
  4. Vandepitte K, Gristina A, De Hert K, Meekers T, Roldan Ruiz I, Honnay O. Recolonization after habitat restoration leads to decreased genetic variation in populations of a terrestrial orchid. Mol Ecol. 2012;21:4206-15 pubmed publisher
  5. Mondragon Palomino M, Theissen G. Conserved differential expression of paralogous DEFICIENS- and GLOBOSA-like MADS-box genes in the flowers of Orchidaceae: refining the 'orchid code'. Plant J. 2011;66:1008-19 pubmed publisher
  6. Wu F, Chan M, Liao D, Hsu C, Lee Y, Daniell H, et al. Complete chloroplast genome of Oncidium Gower Ramsey and evaluation of molecular markers for identification and breeding in Oncidiinae. BMC Plant Biol. 2010;10:68 pubmed publisher
    ..We conclude that complete chloroplast genome information is useful for plant phylogenetic and evolutionary studies in Oncidium with applications for breeding and variety identification. ..
  7. Wang S, Lee P, Lee Y, Hsiao Y, Chen Y, Pan Z, et al. Duplicated C-class MADS-box genes reveal distinct roles in gynostemium development in Cymbidium ensifolium (Orchidaceae). Plant Cell Physiol. 2011;52:563-77 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, transgenic Arabidopsis plants overexpressing CeMADS1 or CeMADS2 showed limited growth of primary inflorescence. Thus, CeMADS1 may have a pivotal C function in reproductive organ development in C. ensifolium. ..
  8. Hsieh M, Lu H, Pan Z, Yeh H, Wang S, Chen W, et al. Optimizing virus-induced gene silencing efficiency with Cymbidium mosaic virus in Phalaenopsis flower. Plant Sci. 2013;201-202:25-41 pubmed publisher
  9. Li J, Liu Z, Salazar G, Bernhardt P, Perner H, Tomohisa Y, et al. Molecular phylogeny of Cypripedium (Orchidaceae: Cypripedioideae) inferred from multiple nuclear and chloroplast regions. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2011;61:308-20 pubmed publisher
    ..Eurasia) instead of such previously used, morphological traits as flower color, and the shape of the lips (labellum) and lateral petals. ..

More Information

Publications89

  1. Gustafsson A, Verola C, Antonelli A. Reassessing the temporal evolution of orchids with new fossils and a Bayesian relaxed clock, with implications for the diversification of the rare South American genus Hoffmannseggella (Orchidaceae: Epidendroideae). BMC Evol Biol. 2010;10:177 pubmed publisher
    The temporal origin and diversification of orchids (family Orchidaceae) has been subject to intense debate in the last decade...
  2. Jacquemyn H, Brys R, Honnay O, Roldan Ruiz I, Lievens B, Wiegand T. Nonrandom spatial structuring of orchids in a hybrid zone of three Orchis species. New Phytol. 2012;193:454-64 pubmed publisher
    ..Overall, these results suggest that the observed nonrandom spatial distribution of both pure and hybrid plants is dependent on the contingencies of the spatial distribution of suitable mycorrhizal fungi. ..
  3. Benitez Vieyra S, Medina A, Cocucci A. Variable selection patterns on the labellum shape of Geoblasta pennicillata, a sexually deceptive orchid. J Evol Biol. 2009;22:2354-62 pubmed
    ..The imperfect mimicry and patterns of selection observed indicated that an exact imitation is not needed to attract and deceive the pollinators and they suggested a receiver perceptual bias towards uncommon phenotypes. ..
  4. Jacquemyn H, Brys R, Cammue B, Honnay O, Lievens B. Mycorrhizal associations and reproductive isolation in three closely related Orchis species. Ann Bot. 2011;107:347-56 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results suggest that mycorrhizal associations contribute little to reproductive isolation. Pre-mating barriers are probably the main factors determining hybridization rates between the investigated species. ..
  5. Thiruvengadam M, Yang C. Ectopic expression of two MADS box genes from orchid (Oncidium Gower Ramsey) and lily (Lilium longiflorum) alters flower transition and formation in Eustoma grandiflorum. Plant Cell Rep. 2009;28:1463-73 pubmed publisher
    ..grandiflorum using a simple and highly efficient gene transfer protocol. Our results reveal the potential for floral modification in E. grandiflorum through genetic transformation...
  6. Shen C, Yeh K. Hydrogen peroxide mediates the expression of ascorbate-related genes in response to methanol stimulation in Oncidium. J Plant Physiol. 2010;167:400-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results reveal the signaling function of H(2)O(2) and cellular AsA homeostasis in Oncidium orchids in response to MeOH stimulation. A mechanism for the MeOH effect on AsA production is suggested. ..
  7. Su C, Chao Y, Alex Chang Y, Chen W, Chen C, Lee A, et al. De novo assembly of expressed transcripts and global analysis of the Phalaenopsis aphrodite transcriptome. Plant Cell Physiol. 2011;52:1501-14 pubmed publisher
    Being one of the largest families in the angiosperms, Orchidaceae display a great biodiversity resulting from adaptation to diverse habitats...
  8. Jacquemyn H, Lenaerts M, Tyteca D, Lievens B. Microbial diversity in the floral nectar of seven Epipactis (Orchidaceae) species. Microbiologyopen. 2013;2:644-58 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, we investigated microbial communities occurring in the floral nectar of seven Epipactis (Orchidaceae) species...
  9. Lan T, Albert V. Dynamic distribution patterns of ribosomal DNA and chromosomal evolution in Paphiopedilum, a lady's slipper orchid. BMC Plant Biol. 2011;11:126 pubmed publisher
    ..These results make the genus a model system for the study of complex chromosomal evolution in plants. ..
  10. Chang Y, Chu Y, Chen C, Leu W, Hsu H, Yang C. Characterization of Oncidium 'Gower Ramsey' transcriptomes using 454 GS-FLX pyrosequencing and their application to the identification of genes associated with flowering time. Plant Cell Physiol. 2011;52:1532-45 pubmed publisher
    ..An OncidiumOrchidGenomeBase (OOGB) website has been constructed and is publicly available online (http://predictor.nchu.edu.tw/oogb/). ..
  11. Lee Y, Chang F, Chung M. Chromosome pairing affinities in interspecific hybrids reflect phylogenetic distances among lady's slipper orchids (Paphiopedilum). Ann Bot. 2011;108:113-21 pubmed publisher
    ..The results indicate that genome homology and the interaction of genetic factors, but not chromosome number nor karyotype similarity, determine the chromosome pairing behaviour in Paphiopedilum hybrids. ..
  12. Ren Z, Li D, Bernhardt P, Wang H. Flowers of Cypripedium fargesii (Orchidaceae) fool flat-footed flies (Platypezidae) by faking fungus-infected foliage. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011;108:7478-80 pubmed publisher
    ..in southwestern China with the same mode of floral presentation and black-spotted hairy leaves. ..
  13. Swarts N, Sinclair E, Francis A, Dixon K. Ecological specialization in mycorrhizal symbiosis leads to rarity in an endangered orchid. Mol Ecol. 2010;19:3226-42 pubmed publisher
  14. Pan Z, Cheng C, Tsai W, Chung M, Chen W, Hu J, et al. The duplicated B-class MADS-box genes display dualistic characters in orchid floral organ identity and growth. Plant Cell Physiol. 2011;52:1515-31 pubmed publisher
    b>Orchidaceae are an excellent model to examine perianth development because of their sophisticated floral architecture...
  15. Cantone C, Gaudio L, Aceto S. The PI/GLO-like locus in orchids: duplication and purifying selection at synonymous sites within Orchidinae (Orchidaceae). Gene. 2011;481:48-55 pubmed publisher
    ..These processes could potentially be involved in or predate the functional diversification of the two PI/GLO-like paralogs within Orchidinae. ..
  16. Guan Z, Zhang S, Guan K, Li S, Hu H. Leaf anatomical structures of Paphiopedilum and Cypripedium and their adaptive significance. J Plant Res. 2011;124:289-98 pubmed publisher
    ..The present results contribute to our understanding of the divergent adaptation of leaf traits in slipper orchids, which is beneficial for the conservation of endangered orchids. ..
  17. Wylie S, Tan A, Li H, Dixon K, Jones M. Caladenia virus A, an unusual new member of the family Potyviridae from terrestrial orchids in Western Australia. Arch Virol. 2012;157:2447-52 pubmed publisher
    ..CalVA is the only proposed member of the genus Poacevirus not isolated from a poaceous host...
  18. Hsu C, Chung Y, Chen T, Lee Y, Kuo Y, Tsai W, et al. An overview of the Phalaenopsis orchid genome through BAC end sequence analysis. BMC Plant Biol. 2011;11:3 pubmed publisher
    ..This work provides a basis for future physical mapping of the Phalaenopsis genome and advances our knowledge thereof. ..
  19. Tan X, Chen X, Wang C, Jin X, Cui J, Chen J, et al. Isolation and identification of endophytic fungi in roots of nine Holcoglossum plants (Orchidaceae) collected from Yunnan, Guangxi, and Hainan provinces of China. Curr Microbiol. 2012;64:140-7 pubmed publisher
    Holcoglossum is one of the smaller genera of Orchidaceae, mainly distributed in southwest China. Some members of this genus as well as H. rupestre and H. flavescens are endemic and rare Chinese orchids...
  20. Xu S, Schlüter P, Grossniklaus U, Schiestl F. The genetic basis of pollinator adaptation in a sexually deceptive orchid. PLoS Genet. 2012;8:e1002889 pubmed publisher
    ..Taken together, we report a genetic mechanism for pollinator-mediated divergent selection that drives adaptive changes in floral alkene biosynthesis involved in reproductive isolation among Ophrys species...
  21. Sharma S, Kumaria S, Tandon P, Rao S. Single primer amplification reaction (SPAR) reveals inter- and intra-specific natural genetic variation in five species of Cymbidium (Orchidaceae). Gene. 2011;483:54-62 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, the present investigation for the first time provides a valuable baseline data for genetic variation at inter- and intra-specific levels in horticultural Cymbidiums and also addresses conservation concerns...
  22. Phillips R, Dixon K, Peakall R. Low population genetic differentiation in the Orchidaceae: implications for the diversification of the family. Mol Ecol. 2012;21:5208-20 pubmed publisher
    A leading hypothesis for the immense diversity of the Orchidaceae is that skewed mating success and small, disjunct populations lead to strong genetic drift and switches between adaptive peaks...
  23. Bougoure J, Ludwig M, Brundrett M, Grierson P. Identity and specificity of the fungi forming mycorrhizas with the rare mycoheterotrophic orchid Rhizanthella gardneri. Mycol Res. 2009;113:1097-106 pubmed publisher
    Fully subterranean Rhizanthella gardneri (Orchidaceae) is obligately mycoheterotrophic meaning it is nutritionally dependent on the fungus it forms mycorrhizas with. Furthermore, R...
  24. Sharma S, Mehra P, Kumari J, Kumar S, Kumaria S, Tandon P, et al. Physical localization and probable transcriptional activity of 18S-5.8S-26S rRNA gene loci in some Asiatic Cymbidiums (Orchidaceae) from north-east India. Gene. 2012;499:362-6 pubmed publisher
    ..based physical localization of 45S ribosomal DNA in eight horticulturally important species of Cymbidium (Orchidaceae) from north-east India (South-East Asia) has been carried for the first time...
  25. Jacquemyn H, Merckx V, Brys R, Tyteca D, Cammue B, Honnay O, et al. Analysis of network architecture reveals phylogenetic constraints on mycorrhizal specificity in the genus Orchis (Orchidaceae). New Phytol. 2011;192:518-28 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results provide evidence of the presence of phylogenetic conservatism in mycorrhizal specificity in orchids and demonstrate that evolutionary processes may be an important factor in generating patterns of mycorrhizal associations...
  26. Wylie S, Li H, Dixon K, Richards H, Jones M. Exotic and indigenous viruses infect wild populations and captive collections of temperate terrestrial orchids (Diuris species) in Australia. Virus Res. 2013;171:22-32 pubmed publisher
    ..The implications of the findings of this study for orchid conservation, and particularly reintroduction programs where viruses may be spread inadvertently to wild populations from infected propagation sources, are discussed...
  27. Lin C, Chen J, Huang Y, Hsu C, Lu H, Chou M, et al. Catalog of Erycina pusilla miRNA and categorization of reproductive phase-related miRNAs and their target gene families. Plant Mol Biol. 2013;82:193-204 pubmed publisher
    ..Experiments using 5'RLM-RACE demonstrated that the genes EpSPL1, 2, 3, 4, 7, 9, 10, 14 and EpAP2-9, -10, -11 were regulated by epu-miR156 and epu-miR172, respectively...
  28. Hou C, Yang C. Functional analysis of FT and TFL1 orthologs from orchid (Oncidium Gower Ramsey) that regulate the vegetative to reproductive transition. Plant Cell Physiol. 2009;50:1544-57 pubmed publisher
    ..Our data indicated that OnFT and OnTFL1 are putative phosphatidylethanolamine-binding protein genes in orchids that regulate flower transition similar to their orthologs in Arabidopsis...
  29. Griffiths K, Trueman J, Brown G, Peakall R. Molecular genetic analysis and ecological evidence reveals multiple cryptic species among thynnine wasp pollinators of sexually deceptive orchids. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2011;59:195-205 pubmed publisher
    ..The diversity of Neozeleboria may have enabled, rather than constrained, pollinator-driven speciation in these orchids...
  30. Scopece G, Cozzolino S, Johnson S, Schiestl F. Pollination efficiency and the evolution of specialized deceptive pollination systems. Am Nat. 2010;175:98-105 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, the shift from food to sexual deception may be driven by selection for more efficient pollination, without compromising the high levels of gene flow that are characteristic of deceptive species...
  31. Lievens B, van Kerckhove S, Justé A, Cammue B, Honnay O, Jacquemyn H. From extensive clone libraries to comprehensive DNA arrays for the efficient and simultaneous detection and identification of orchid mycorrhizal fungi. J Microbiol Methods. 2010;80:76-85 pubmed publisher
    ..The design, development and advantages of the array are discussed in relation to its potential for future research in mycorrhizal ecology...
  32. Hsieh C, Hsiao H, Lin W. A standardized aqueous extract of Anoectochilus formosanus modulated airway hyperresponsiveness in an OVA-inhaled murine model. Phytomedicine. 2010;17:557-62 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results indicate that the administration of SAEAF can modulate cytokines and T cell subpopulation by regulating inflammatory cell infiltration and modulating the allergic response...
  33. Hsu H, Hsieh W, Chen M, Chang Y, Yang C. C/D class MADS box genes from two monocots, orchid (Oncidium Gower Ramsey) and lily (Lilium longiflorum), exhibit different effects on floral transition and formation in Arabidopsis thaliana. Plant Cell Physiol. 2010;51:1029-45 pubmed publisher
  34. Inda L, Pimentel M, Chase M. Phylogenetics of tribe Orchideae (Orchidaceae: Orchidoideae) based on combined DNA matrices: inferences regarding timing of diversification and evolution of pollination syndromes. Ann Bot. 2012;110:71-90 pubmed publisher
    Tribe Orchideae (Orchidaceae: Orchidoideae) comprises around 62 mostly terrestrial genera, which are well represented in the Northern Temperate Zone and less frequently in tropical areas of both the Old and New Worlds...
  35. Vega Y, Marques I, Castro S, Loureiro J. Outcomes of extensive hybridization and introgression in Epidendrum (Orchidaceae): can we rely on species boundaries?. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e80662 pubmed publisher
    ..We hypothesize that these natural hybrids possess an evolutionary advantage, which may explain the high rates of cryptic species observed in this genus. ..
  36. Roy M, Watthana S, Stier A, Richard F, Vessabutr S, Selosse M. Two mycoheterotrophic orchids from Thailand tropical dipterocarpacean forests associate with a broad diversity of ectomycorrhizal fungi. BMC Biol. 2009;7:51 pubmed publisher
  37. Martos F, Dulormne M, Pailler T, Bonfante P, Faccio A, Fournel J, et al. Independent recruitment of saprotrophic fungi as mycorrhizal partners by tropical achlorophyllous orchids. New Phytol. 2009;184:668-81 pubmed publisher
    ..By enlarging the spectrum of mycorrhizal fungi and the level of specificity in mycoheterotrophic orchids, this study provides new insights on orchid and mycorrhizal biology in the tropics...
  38. Xiaohua J, Dezhu L, Zongxin R, Xiaoguo X. A generalized deceptive pollination system of Doritis pulcherrima (Aeridinae: Orchidaceae) with non-reconfigured pollinaria. BMC Plant Biol. 2012;12:67 pubmed publisher
    ..pulcherrima; (2) the morphological interactions between orchids and their pollinators; and (3) whether PR is necessary in the promotion of cross-pollination in D. pulcherrima...
  39. Chen Y, Lee P, Hsiao Y, Wu W, Pan Z, Lee Y, et al. C- and D-class MADS-box genes from Phalaenopsis equestris (Orchidaceae) display functions in gynostemium and ovule development. Plant Cell Physiol. 2012;53:1053-67 pubmed publisher
    ..Together, these results indicated that both C-class PeMADS1 and D-class PeMADS7 play important roles in orchid gynostemium and ovule development...
  40. Li B, Tang M, Tang K, Zhao L, Guo S. Screening for differentially expressed genes in Anoectochilus roxburghii (Orchidaceae) during symbiosis with the mycorrhizal fungus Epulorhiza sp. Sci China Life Sci. 2012;55:164-71 pubmed publisher
    ..The possible roles of the above genes, especially the UPRTs and matK genes, are discussed in relation to the fungal interaction. This study is the first of its type in A. roxburghii...
  41. Xiao X, LIU K, Zheng Y, Zhang Y, Tsai W, Hsiao Y, et al. Predicted disappearance of Cephalantheropsis obcordata in Luofu Mountain due to changes in rainfall patterns. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e29718 pubmed publisher
    ..These outcomes challenge the existing hypothesis about the responses of species to climate change...
  42. Russell A, Samuel R, Klejna V, Barfuss M, Rupp B, Chase M. Reticulate evolution in diploid and tetraploid species of Polystachya (Orchidaceae) as shown by plastid DNA sequences and low-copy nuclear genes. Ann Bot. 2010;106:37-56 pubmed publisher
    ..Two groups of tetraploids are compared with respect to their origins and phylogenetic relationships...
  43. Tranchida Lombardo V, Roy M, Bugot E, Santoro G, Püttsepp U, Selosse M, et al. Spatial repartition and genetic relationship of green and albino individuals in mixed populations of Cephalanthera orchids. Plant Biol (Stuttg). 2010;12:659-67 pubmed publisher
    ..Future studies should try to unravel the genetic and ecological basis of the two phenotypes...
  44. Xiang X, Hu H, Wang W, Jin X. DNA barcoding of the recently evolved genus Holcoglossum (Orchidaceae: Aeridinae): a test of DNA barcode candidates. Mol Ecol Resour. 2011;11:1012-21 pubmed publisher
    b>Orchidaceae is one of the largest families of flowering plants...
  45. Jacquemyn H, Honnay O, Cammue B, Brys R, Lievens B. Low specificity and nested subset structure characterize mycorrhizal associations in five closely related species of the genus Orchis. Mol Ecol. 2010;19:4086-95 pubmed publisher
    ..Low specificity or preference for a widespread fungal symbiont may partly explain the wide distribution of the investigated species...
  46. Xu S, Schlüter P, Scopece G, Breitkopf H, Gross K, Cozzolino S, et al. Floral isolation is the main reproductive barrier among closely related sexually deceptive orchids. Evolution. 2011;65:2606-20 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results provide the first direct evidence that floral isolation acts as the main reproductive barrier among closely related plant species with specialized pollination...
  47. Jacquemyn H, Brys R, Honnay O, Roldan Ruiz I. Asymmetric gene introgression in two closely related Orchis species: evidence from morphometric and genetic analyses. BMC Evol Biol. 2012;12:178 pubmed publisher
    ..purpurea) to investigate the hypothesis that the abundance of later-generation hybrids is driven by changes in floral characters after hybridization that exert selective pressures that in turn affect hybridization...
  48. Vereecken N, Wilson C, Hötling S, Schulz S, Banketov S, Mardulyn P. Pre-adaptations and the evolution of pollination by sexual deception: Cope's rule of specialization revisited. Proc Biol Sci. 2012;279:4786-94 pubmed publisher
  49. Tsai W, Fu C, Hsiao Y, Huang Y, Chen L, Wang M, et al. OrchidBase 2.0: comprehensive collection of Orchidaceae floral transcriptomes. Plant Cell Physiol. 2013;54:e7 pubmed publisher
    ..In order to broadly increase our scope of Orchidaceae genetic information, we updated the OrchidBase to version 2...
  50. Su C, Chao Y, Yen S, Chen C, Chen W, Chang Y, et al. Orchidstra: an integrated orchid functional genomics database. Plant Cell Physiol. 2013;54:e11 pubmed publisher
    ..The Orchidaceae is a large family of Angiosperms that exhibits extraordinary biodiversity in terms of both the number of ..
  51. Monteiro F, Sebastiana M, Figueiredo A, Sousa L, Cotrim H, Pais M. Labellum transcriptome reveals alkene biosynthetic genes involved in orchid sexual deception and pollination-induced senescence. Funct Integr Genomics. 2012;12:693-703 pubmed publisher
    ..Regulation of petal labellum senescence was revealed by transcripts related to macromolecules breakdown, protein synthesis and remobilization of nutrients...
  52. Vereecken N, Schiestl F. On the roles of colour and scent in a specialized floral mimicry system. Ann Bot. 2009;104:1077-84 pubmed publisher
    ..The adaptive significance of perianth colour polymorphism and its influence on pollinator visitation rates in sexually deceptive orchids remain obscure...
  53. Paun O, Bateman R, Fay M, Luna J, Moat J, Hedrén M, et al. Altered gene expression and ecological divergence in sibling allopolyploids of Dactylorhiza (Orchidaceae). BMC Evol Biol. 2011;11:113 pubmed publisher
  54. Hsiao Y, Pan Z, Hsu C, Yang Y, Hsu Y, Chuang Y, et al. Research on orchid biology and biotechnology. Plant Cell Physiol. 2011;52:1467-86 pubmed publisher
    b>Orchidaceae constitute one of the largest families of angiosperms. They are one of the most ecological and evolutionary significant plants and have successfully colonized almost every habitat on earth...
  55. Zitari A, Scopece G, Helal A, Widmer A, Cozzolino S. Is floral divergence sufficient to maintain species boundaries upon secondary contact in Mediterranean food-deceptive orchids?. Heredity (Edinb). 2012;108:219-28 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results suggest that allopatric divergence has not led to the evolution of sufficient reproductive isolation to prevent genomic admixture on secondary contact in this orchid species pair...
  56. Paun O, Bateman R, Fay M, Hedrén M, Civeyrel L, Chase M. Stable epigenetic effects impact adaptation in allopolyploid orchids (Dactylorhiza: Orchidaceae). Mol Biol Evol. 2010;27:2465-73 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results strongly suggest a need to expand our current evolutionary framework to encompass a complementary epigenetic dimension when seeking to understand population processes that drive phenotypic evolution and adaptation...
  57. Pinheiro F, Cozzolino S, De Barros F, Gouveia T, Suzuki R, Fay M, et al. Phylogeographic structure and outbreeding depression reveal early stages of reproductive isolation in the neotropical orchid Epidendrum denticulatum. Evolution. 2013;67:2024-39 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results confirm the importance of phylogeographic studies associated with reproductive isolation experiments and suggest an important role for outbreeding depression during the early stages of lineage diversification. ..
  58. Huynh T, Thomson R, McLean C, Lawrie A. Functional and genetic diversity of mycorrhizal fungi from single plants of Caladenia formosa (Orchidaceae). Ann Bot. 2009;104:757-65 pubmed publisher
    Mycorrhizal associations are essential to the plant kingdom. The largest flowering plant family, the Orchidaceae, relies on mycorrhizal fungi for germination, growth and survival...
  59. Batista J, Borges K, de Faria M, Proite K, Ramalho A, Salazar G, et al. Molecular phylogenetics of the species-rich genus Habenaria (Orchidaceae) in the New World based on nuclear and plastid DNA sequences. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2013;67:95-109 pubmed publisher
  60. Hobbhahn N, Johnson S, Bytebier B, Yeung E, Harder L. The evolution of floral nectaries in Disa (Orchidaceae: Disinae): recapitulation or diversifying innovation?. Ann Bot. 2013;112:1303-19 pubmed publisher
    The Orchidaceae have a history of recurring convergent evolution in floral function as nectar production has evolved repeatedly from an ancestral nectarless state...
  61. Ramos Castro S, Castañeda Zárate M, Solano Gómez R, Salazar G. Stelis zootrophionoides (Orchidaceae: Pleurothallidinae), a new species from Mexico. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e48822 pubmed publisher
    Stelis (Orchidaceae) encompasses approximately 1100 species of epiphytic orchids distributed throughout the Neotropics, with the highest diversity in Andean South America. Sixty-two species were recorded previously in Mexico...
  62. Gaskett A, Herberstein M. Colour mimicry and sexual deception by Tongue orchids (Cryptostylis). Naturwissenschaften. 2010;97:97-102 pubmed publisher
    ..Many sexually deceptive orchids are predominantly red, green or white: colours that are all potentially difficult for hymenoptera to detect or distinguish from the background...
  63. Schlüter P, Xu S, Gagliardini V, Whittle E, Shanklin J, Grossniklaus U, et al. Stearoyl-acyl carrier protein desaturases are associated with floral isolation in sexually deceptive orchids. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011;108:5696-701 pubmed publisher
    ..Taken together, these data are consistent with the hypothesis that SAD2 is a florally expressed barrier gene of large phenotypic effect and, possibly, a genic target of pollinator-mediated selection...
  64. Vignolini S, Davey M, Bateman R, Rudall P, Moyroud E, Tratt J, et al. The mirror crack'd: both pigment and structure contribute to the glossy blue appearance of the mirror orchid, Ophrys speculum. New Phytol. 2012;196:1038-47 pubmed publisher
    ..Several physical and biochemical processes interact to produce the striking and much-discussed optical effects in these flowers, but the blue colour is not produced by structural means and is not iridescent...
  65. Box M, Dodsworth S, Rudall P, Bateman R, Glover B. Flower-specific KNOX phenotype in the orchid Dactylorhiza fuchsii. J Exp Bot. 2012;63:4811-9 pubmed publisher
    ..These data are highly suggestive of a role for KNOX expression in floral development that may be especially important in taxa with elaborate flowers...
  66. Zhang S, Guan Z, Sun M, Zhang J, Cao K, Hu H. Evolutionary association of stomatal traits with leaf vein density in Paphiopedilum, Orchidaceae. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e40080 pubmed publisher
    ..However, they do not provide evidence for an evolutionary association between stomata and leaf thickness. These findings lend insight into the evolution of traits related to water economy for orchids under natural selection. ..
  67. Gaskett A. Orchid pollination by sexual deception: pollinator perspectives. Biol Rev Camb Philos Soc. 2011;86:33-75 pubmed publisher
    ..Further complementary investigations from entomology and behavioural ecology perspectives should prove fascinating and engender a more complete understanding of the evolution and maintenance of such enigmatic plant-animal interactions...
  68. Motomura H, Selosse M, Martos F, Kagawa A, Yukawa T. Mycoheterotrophy evolved from mixotrophic ancestors: evidence in Cymbidium (Orchidaceae). Ann Bot. 2010;106:573-81 pubmed publisher
    ..Variations in heterotrophy in accordance with the evolution of leaflessness were examined using a chlorophyllous-achlorophyllous species pair in Cymbidium (Orchidaceae), within a well studied phylogenetic background.
  69. Williams R, Martin S, Hu J, Garo E, Rice S, Norman V, et al. Isolation of apoptosis-inducing stilbenoids from four members of the Orchidaceae family. Planta Med. 2012;78:160-5 pubmed publisher
    High-throughput natural product research produced a suite of anticancer hits among several species of the Orchidaceae family (Oncidium microchilum, O. isthmi, and Myrmecophila humboldtii). A commercial Oncidium sp...
  70. Aceto S, Cantone C, Chiaiese P, Ruotolo G, Sica M, Gaudio L. Isolation and phylogenetic footprinting analysis of the 5'-regulatory region of the floral homeotic gene OrcPI from Orchis italica (Orchidaceae). J Hered. 2010;101:124-31 pubmed publisher
    ..sativa; AP008207 putative promoter region of OSMADS4 (PI/GLO homologue) of O. sativa; and AB158292 putative promoter region of the PI/GLO homologue of L. regale...
  71. Chen W, Hsu C, Cheng H, Chang H, Chen H, Ger M. Downregulation of putative UDP-glucose: flavonoid 3-O-glucosyltransferase gene alters flower coloring in Phalaenopsis. Plant Cell Rep. 2011;30:1007-17 pubmed publisher
    ..Consequently, these results suggested that the glycosylation-related gene PeUFGT3 plays a critical role in red color formation in Phalaenopsis...
  72. Teh S, Chan W, Abdullah J, Namasivayam P. Development of expressed sequence tag resources for Vanda Mimi Palmer and data mining for EST-SSR. Mol Biol Rep. 2011;38:3903-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The mined EST-SSR is believed to be useful in the development of EST-SSR markers that is applicable in the screening and characterization of fragrance-related transcripts in closely related species...
  73. Pinheiro F, De Barros F, Palma Silva C, Meyer D, Fay M, Suzuki R, et al. Hybridization and introgression across different ploidy levels in the Neotropical orchids Epidendrum fulgens and E. puniceoluteum (Orchidaceae). Mol Ecol. 2010;19:3981-94 pubmed publisher
  74. An F, Hsiao S, Chan M. Sequencing-based approaches reveal low ambient temperature-responsive and tissue-specific microRNAs in phalaenopsis orchid. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e18937 pubmed publisher
    ..The smRNA and transcriptomic databases could be the foundations for further research aimed at elucidating the control of the flowering time in orchids...
  75. Hsu C, Liao D, Wu F, Liu N, Shen S, Chou S, et al. Integration of molecular biology tools for identifying promoters and genes abundantly expressed in flowers of Oncidium Gower Ramsey. BMC Plant Biol. 2011;11:60 pubmed publisher
    ..However, model plants, such as Arabidopsis thaliana do not contain all plant genes, and agronomic and horticulturally important genera and species must be individually studied...
  76. Novello M, Rodrigues J, Pinheiro F, Oliveira G, Veasey E, Koehler S. Simple-sequence repeat markers of Cattleya coccinea (Orchidaceae), an endangered species of the Brazilian Atlantic Forest. Genet Mol Res. 2013;12:3274-8 pubmed publisher
    ..All markers described herein will be useful in further studies evaluating the genetic diversity, population dynamics, and conservation genetics of C. coccinea and related species...
  77. Stpiczyńska M, Davies K, Kaminska M. Comparative anatomy of the nectary spur in selected species of Aeridinae (Orchidaceae). Ann Bot. 2011;107:327-45 pubmed publisher
    ..The present paper compares the structural organization of the floral nectary in a range of Aeridinae species, including both entomophilous and ornithophilous taxa...
  78. Xing X, Ma X, Deng Z, Chen J, Wu F, Guo S. Specificity and preference of mycorrhizal associations in two species of the genus Dendrobium (Orchidaceae). Mycorrhiza. 2013;23:317-24 pubmed publisher
    ..The two species of Dendrobium sampled from the same habitat did not share any fungal taxa. These results provide valuable information for conservation of these orchid species...
  79. Wikelski M, Moxley J, Eaton Mordas A, López Uribe M, Holland R, Moskowitz D, et al. Large-range movements of neotropical orchid bees observed via radio telemetry. PLoS ONE. 2010;5:e10738 pubmed publisher
    ..These data suggest a higher degree of site fidelity than what may be expected in a free living male bee, and has implications for our understanding of biological activity patterns and the evolution of forest pollinators...
  80. Iwata T, Nagasaki O, Ishii H, Ushimaru A. Inflorescence architecture affects pollinator behaviour and mating success in Spiranthes sinensis (Orchidaceae). New Phytol. 2012;193:196-203 pubmed publisher
    ..We also discuss how diverse inflorescence architectures may have been maintained in S. sinensis populations...