dracaena

Summary

Summary: A plant genus of the family Asparagaceae. The common name of "dragon's blood" is also used for CROTON and Daemonorops (ARECACEAE).

Top Publications

  1. Zheng Q, Zhang Y, Li H, Yang C. Steroidal saponins from fresh stem of Dracaena cochinchinensis. Steroids. 2004;69:111-9 pubmed
    A further phytochemical investigation on the fresh stem of Dracaena cochinchinensis yielded 18 steroidal saponins...
  2. Case R, Wang Y, Franzblau S, Soejarto D, Matainaho L, Piskaut P, et al. Advanced applications of counter-current chromatography in the isolation of anti-tuberculosis constituents from Dracaena angustifolia. J Chromatogr A. 2007;1151:169-74 pubmed
    ..potent anti-mycobacterial constituents (1-2 microg/mL minimum inhibitory concentrations) were isolated from Dracaena angustifolia Roxb. (Dracaenaceae)...
  3. Gupta D, Bleakley B, Gupta R. Dragon's blood: botany, chemistry and therapeutic uses. J Ethnopharmacol. 2008;115:361-80 pubmed
    ..As well as, a little attempt has been done to review the techniques used for its quality control and safety...
  4. Yong K, Lv J, Zhang T, Xu L, Chen X. A new dihydrochalcone from dragon's blood, red resin of Dracaena cochinchinensis. Nat Prod Res. 2008;22:1624-6 pubmed publisher
    A new dihydrochalcone, 4'-hydroxy-4,2'-dimethoxy-dihydrochalcone, was isolated from Chinese dragon's blood, the red resin of Dracaena cochinchinensis. Its structure was established by spectrum analysis.
  5. Fan L, Tu P, Chen H, Cai S. Simultaneous quantification of five major constituents in stems of Dracaena plants and related medicinal preparations from China and Vietnam by HPLC-DAD. Biomed Chromatogr. 2009;23:1191-200 pubmed publisher
    ..developed for the simultaneous quantification of five major bioactive constituents in the stems of resiniferous Dracaena plants from China and Vietnam, as well as those in the related traditional Chinese medicinal preparations...
  6. Saiyood S, Vangnai A, Thiravetyan P, Inthorn D. Bisphenol A removal by the Dracaena plant and the role of plant-associating bacteria. J Hazard Mater. 2010;178:777-85 pubmed publisher
    b>Dracaena sanderiana and Dracaena fragrans plants, as representatives of native, tropical, evergreen plants with fibrous root systems, were evaluated for bisphenol A (BPA) tolerance and uptake capability. D...
  7. Kougan G, Miyamoto T, Tanaka C, Paululat T, Mirjolet J, Duchamp O, et al. Steroidal saponins from two species of Dracaena. J Nat Prod. 2010;73:1266-70 pubmed publisher
    Four new steroidal saponins (1-4) were isolated from the stem and bark of two species of Dracaena: deistelianosides A and B (1 and 2) from D. deisteliana and arboreasaponins A and B (3 and 4) from D. arborea...
  8. Jiang D, Ma P, Yang J, Wang X, Xu K, Huang Y, et al. [Formation of blood resin in abiotic Dracaena cochinchinensis inoculated with Fusarium 9568D]. Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao. 2003;14:477-8 pubmed
    Fusarium 9568D, which belongs to Fusarium moniliforme, was isolated from the roots of Dracaena cochinchinensis in the suburb of Monglian, Yunnan Province of China...
  9. Tadros M, Ghaly N, Moharib M. Molluscicidal and schistosomicidal activities of a steroidal saponin containing fraction from Dracaena fragrans (L.). J Egypt Soc Parasitol. 2008;38:585-98 pubmed
    The steroidal saponin-containing fraction from methanolic extract of Dracaena fragrans (Family: Agavaceae) was tested for molluscicidal and ovicidal activities against Biomphalaria alexandrina and Bulinus truncatus, the snail vectors of ..

More Information

Publications95

  1. Gu H, Lv J, Yong K, Chen X, Liu P, Zhang X. Antidiabetic effect of an active fraction extracted from dragon's blood (Dracaena Cochinchinensis). J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem. 2009;24:136-9 pubmed
    ..These results suggest that this extract from dragon's blood exerts an anti-diabetic effect by suppressing intestinal carbohydrate absorption and thereby reducing the postprandial increase of blood glucose...
  2. Edwards H, de Oliveira L, Prendergast H. Raman spectroscopic analysis of dragon's blood resins-basis for distinguishing between Dracaena(Convallariaceae), Daemonorops(Palmae) and Croton(Euphorbiaceae). Analyst. 2004;129:134-8 pubmed
    ..times, used by many cultures and esteemed for its depth of colour and mystical association, was the dragon tree Dracaena cinnabari(Convallariaceae), found only on the Indian Ocean island of Socotra, (Yemen)...
  3. Likhitwitayawuid K, Sawasdee K, Kirtikara K. Flavonoids and stilbenoids with COX-1 and COX-2 inhibitory activity from Dracaena loureiri. Planta Med. 2002;68:841-3 pubmed
    Fom the stem wood of Dracaena loureiri, a new homoisoflavanone named loureiriol (1) and eight known flavonoid and stilbenoid derivatives, including 5,7-dihydroxy-3-(4-hydroxybenzyl)-4-chromanone (2), 4,4'-dihydroxy-2,6-..
  4. Veselá D, Marek R, Ubik K, Lunerová K, Sklenář V, Suchy V. Dracophane, a metacyclophane derivative from the resin of Dracaena cinnabari Balf. Phytochemistry. 2002;61:967-70 pubmed
    Dracophane, a novel structural derivative of metacyclophane, was isolated from the resin of Dracaena cinnabari Balf...
  5. Moharram F, el Shenawy S. Antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory steroidal saponins from Dracaena ombet. Planta Med. 2007;73:1101-6 pubmed
    ..3), together with six known constituents, have been isolated from the leaves of Dracaena ombet Kotschy & Peyr. (Dracaenaceae)...
  6. Wankeu Nya M, Watcho P, Nguelefack T, Carro Juarez M, Tapondjou L, Kamanyi A. Effects of Dracaena arborea (Dracaenaceae) on sexual dysfunction in 4 weeks hyperglycemic male rats. Asian Pac J Trop Med. 2014;7:609-619 pubmed publisher
    To investigate the effects of Dracaena arborea (D. arborea) on the sexual behavior parameters in experienced type-1 diabetic rats. Aqueous and ethanol (100 and 500 mg/kg respectively) extracts of dried root barks of D...
  7. Zhao H, Chen Z. An HPLC-ESI-MS method for analysis of loureirin A and B in dragon's blood and application in pharmacokinetics and tissue distribution in rats. Fitoterapia. 2013;86:149-58 pubmed publisher
    ..This work provided the pharmacokinetics and tissue distribution characteristics of LA and LB, which would be instructive for their clinical regiment design. ..
  8. Zhu J, Li H, Guo D, Wang Y, Dai H, Mei W, et al. Transcriptome-wide identification and expression analysis of glutathione S-transferase genes involved in flavonoids accumulation in Dracaena cambodiana. Plant Physiol Biochem. 2016;104:304-11 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, 20 Dracaena cambodiana GST genes (DcGSTs) were identified based on transcriptome database...
  9. Cock M, Congdon T, Collins S. Observations on the Biology of Afrotropical Hesperiidae (Lepidoptera). Part 8. Hesperiinae incertae sedis: Dracaena Feeders. Zootaxa. 2015;3985:301-48 pubmed publisher
    The Afrotropical genera Gamia and Artitropa are only known to feed on species of Dracaena (Asparagaceae), and together with Leona lissa Evans, which may require a new genus, they are the only Afrotropical Hesperiidae that feed on this ..
  10. Jupa R, Plichta R, Paschová Z, Nadezhdina N, Gebauer R. Mechanisms underlying the long-term survival of the monocot Dracaena marginata under drought conditions. Tree Physiol. 2017;37:1182-1197 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, potted transplants of Dracaena marginata Lam. in primary growth stage were exposed to several short- and long-term drought periods...
  11. Hao Q, Saito Y, Matsuo Y, Li H, Tanaka T. Chalcane-stilbene conjugates and oligomeric flavonoids from Chinese Dragon's Blood produced from Dracaena cochinchinensis. Phytochemistry. 2015;119:76-82 pubmed publisher
    ..chemical investigation of Chinese Dragon's Blood, which is a traditional medicine produced form the red resin of Dracaena cochinchinensis, yielded two chalcane-stilbene conjugates, named cochinchinenenes G and H, together with 25 known ..
  12. Jura Morawiec J. Atypical origin, structure and arrangement of secondary tracheary elements in the stem of the monocotyledonous dragon tree, Dracaena draco. Planta. 2017;245:93-99 pubmed publisher
    ..in the structure and arrangement of secondary tracheary elements of monocots were determined, based on the Dracaena draco stem. In addition, its mechanical and physiological implications were discussed...
  13. Hidalgo E, Benjamin T, Casanoves F, Sadof C. Factors influencing the abundance of pests in production fields and rates of interception of Dracaena marginata imported from Costa Rica. J Econ Entomol. 2013;106:2027-34 pubmed
    Importation of live nursery plants, like Dracaena marginata Lamoureux (Ruscaceae), can provide a significant pathway for the entry of foliar pests from overseas into the United States...
  14. Ong M, Mat Yusuf S, Lim V. Pharmacognostic and Antioxidant Properties of Dracaena sanderiana Leaves. Antioxidants (Basel). 2016;5: pubmed publisher
    ..The antioxidant properties of Dracaena sanderiana leaves were evaluated using the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) assay, and the total phenolic and ..
  15. Shen C, Tsai S, Wei S, Wang S, Shieh B, Chen C. Flavonoids isolated from Draconis Resina. Nat Prod Res. 2007;21:377-80 pubmed
    ..The structures of these compounds were determined by spectral methods. Among these five compounds, compounds 1, 2, and 3 exhibited cytotoxicity against KB and HepG2 cells. ..
  16. Xu X, Cheng K, Cheng W, Zhou T, Jiang M, Xu J. Isolation and chatacterization of homoisoflavonoids from Dracaena cochinchinensis and their osteogenic activities in mouse mesenchymal stem cells. J Pharm Biomed Anal. 2016;129:466-472 pubmed publisher
    ..7,4'-dihydroxyflavan (11), 4,4'-dihydroxy-2,6-dimethoxydihydrochlcone (12), were isolated from the red resin of Dracaena cochinchinensis (dragon's blood, DB)...
  17. Xin N, Yang F, Li Y, Li Y, Dai R, Meng W, et al. Dragon's blood dropping pills have protective effects on focal cerebral ischemia rats model. Phytomedicine. 2013;21:68-74 pubmed publisher
    Dragon's blood is a bright red resin obtained from Dracaena cochinchinensis (Lour.) S.C.Chen (Yunnan, China)...
  18. Prado J, Casanoves F, Hildago E, Benjamin T, Sadof C. Effects of production practices on the abundance of quarantine pests in Dracaena marginata in Costa Rican production fields. J Econ Entomol. 2008;101:1779-85 pubmed
    ..We worked with Costa Rican producers of Dracaena marginata Lam...
  19. Liu Z, Liu J, Zhao K, Shi Q, Zuo T, Wang G, et al. Role of Daphnetin in Rat Severe Acute Pancreatitis Through the Regulation of TLR4/NF-[Formula: see text]B Signaling Pathway Activation. Am J Chin Med. 2016;44:149-63 pubmed publisher
    ..There is no effective clinical therapy for SAP, yet daphnetin, a coumarin extracted from Dracaena marginata, has analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects, and has been used clinically in several diseases...
  20. Valente M, de Pinho P, Henrique R, Pereira J, Carvalho M. Further insights into chemical characterization through GC-MS and evaluation for anticancer potential of Dracaena draco leaf and fruit extracts. Food Chem Toxicol. 2012;50:3847-52 pubmed publisher
    ..time the amino acid and fatty acid compositions and the antitumoral activity of aqueous extracts obtained from Dracaena draco L. leaf and fruit...
  21. Hernandez J, Leon F, Estevez F, Quintana J, Bermejo J. A homo-isoflavonoid and a cytotoxic saponin from Dracaena draco. Chem Biodivers. 2006;3:62-8 pubmed
    ..alpha-L-arabinopyranoside; 2), were isolated from the EtOH extract of the leaves of Dracaena draco, together with 17 known constituents...
  22. Sousa M, Melo M, Parola A, Seixas de Melo J, Catarino F, Pina F, et al. Flavylium chromophores as species markers for dragon's blood resins from Dracaena and Daemonorops trees. J Chromatogr A. 2008;1209:153-61 pubmed publisher
    ..UV-vis spectrophotometric detection has been developed for the authentication of dragon's blood resins from Dracaena and Daemonorops trees...
  23. Morrogh Bernard H, Foitova I, Yeen Z, Wilkin P, de Martin R, Rárová L, et al. Self-medication by orang-utans (Pongo pygmaeus) using bioactive properties of Dracaena cantleyi. Sci Rep. 2017;7:16653 pubmed publisher
    ..The use of leaf extracts from Dracaena cantleyi by orang-utan has been observed on several occasions; rubbing a foamy mixture of saliva and leaf onto ..
  24. Zheng Q, Zhang Y, Yang C. A new meta-homoisoflavane from the fresh stems of dracaena cochinchinensis. J Asian Nat Prod Res. 2006;8:571-7 pubmed
    ..gt; 6)-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (13), and tachioside (14) have been isolated from the fresh stems of Dracaena cochinchinensis. Their structures have been established by spectroscopic analysis, especially by 2D NMR...
  25. Zheng Q, Li H, Zhang Y, Yang C. Dracaenogenins A and B, new spirostanols from the red resin of Dracaena cochinchinensis. Steroids. 2006;71:160-4 pubmed
    ..A (1) and a spirostanol dracaenogenin B (2) were isolated from Chinese dragon's blood, the red resin of Dracaena cochinchinensis (Agavaceae)...
  26. Chang D, Zuo W, Mei W, Dai H. Metabolites from endophytic fungus A12 of Dracaena cambodiana. J Asian Nat Prod Res. 2012;14:577-80 pubmed publisher
    ..1), along with two known compounds 2 and 3, was isolated from endophytic fungus A12 of Dracaena cambodiana. The new compound was elucidated by HR-ESI-MS and spectroscopic techniques (IR, UV, 1D, and 2D NMR)...
  27. Saber A, Tafazzoli M, Mortazavian S, James D. Investigation of kinetics and absorption isotherm models for hydroponic phytoremediation of waters contaminated with sulfate. J Environ Manage. 2018;207:276-291 pubmed publisher
    Two common wetland plants, Pampas Grass (Cortaderia selloana) and Lucky Bamboo (Dracaena sanderiana), were used in hydroponic cultivation systems for the treatment of simulated high-sulfate wastewaters...
  28. Nya P, Moretti R, Nicoletti M, Calvitti M, Tomassini L. Larvicidal Activity of Steroidal Saponins from Dracaena arborea on Aedes albopictus. Curr Pharm Biotechnol. 2016;17:1036-1042 pubmed
    ..We report about the isolation of steroidal saponins from Dracaena arborea by fractionation followed by column separation...
  29. Chen F, Xiong H, Wang J, Ding X, Shu G, Mei Z. Antidiabetic effect of total flavonoids from Sanguis draxonis in type 2 diabetic rats. J Ethnopharmacol. 2013;149:729-36 pubmed publisher
    Sanguis draxonis (SD) is a kind of red resin obtained from the wood of Dracaena cochinchinensis (Lour.) S. C. Chen (Dracaena cochinchinensis)...
  30. Fan L, Tu P, He J, Chen H, Cai S. [Microscopical study of original plant of Chinese drug "Dragon's Blood" Dracaena cochinchinensis and distribution and constituents detection of its resin]. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2008;33:1112-7 pubmed
    To study the anatomy of Dracaena cochinchinensis systematically, and find out the distribution and detect the constituents of its resin, in order to provide substantial foundation for the formation mechanism of its red resin...
  31. Xue Y, Zhu L, Yi T. Fingerprint analysis of Resina Draconis by ultra-performance liquid chromatography. Chem Cent J. 2017;11:67 pubmed publisher
    Resina Draconis, a bright red resin derived from Dracaena cochinchinensis, is a traditional medicine used in China...
  32. Lu W, Wang X, Chen J, Lu Y, Wu N, Kang W, et al. [Studies on the chemical constituents of chloroform extract of Dracaena cochinchinensis]. Yao Xue Xue Bao. 1998;33:755-8 pubmed
    Six compounds were isolated from Dracaena cochinchinensis (Lour.) S.C. Chen...
  33. Zhu J, Li H, Guo D, Wang Y, Dai H, Mei W, et al. Identification, characterization and expression analysis of genes involved in steroidal saponin biosynthesis in Dracaena cambodiana. J Plant Res. 2018;131:555-562 pubmed publisher
    b>Dracaena cambodiana is a traditional medicinal plant used for producing dragon's blood. The plants and dragon's blood of D. cambodiana contain a rich variety of steroidal saponins...
  34. Zhou J, Wang H, Lv Y, Wang Z, Xiao W. Anti-atherosclerotic effect of Longxuetongluo Capsule in high cholesterol diet induced atherosclerosis model rats. Biomed Pharmacother. 2018;97:793-801 pubmed publisher
    Chinese dragon's blood, the red resin of Dracaena cochinchinensis, one of the famous traditional medicines, has been used to promote blood circulation, disperse blood stasis, stop bleeding, relieve pain and muscle regeneration for ..
  35. Rezgui A, Mitaine Offer A, Pertuit D, Miyamoto T, Tanaka C, Delemasure S, et al. Steroidal saponins from Dracaena marginata. Nat Prod Commun. 2013;8:157-60 pubmed
    Three new steroidal saponins and ten known ones were isolated from the bark of Dracaena marginata, along with two known steroidal saponins from the roots...
  36. Sha Y, Zhang Y, Cao J, Qian K, Niu B, Chen Q. Loureirin B promotes insulin secretion through inhibition of KATP channel and influx of intracellular calcium. J Cell Biochem. 2018;119:2012-2021 pubmed publisher
    The development of new diabetes drugs continues to be explored. Loureirin B, a flavonoid, extracted from Dracaena cochinchinensis, has been confirmed to increase insulin secretion and decrease blood glucose levels...
  37. Huang H, Lin M, Hwang S, Hwang T, Kuo Y, Chang C, et al. Two anti-inflammatory steroidal saponins from Dracaena angustifolia Roxb. Molecules. 2013;18:8752-63 pubmed publisher
    ..A-B (1-2), together with eight known compounds were isolated and characterized from the MeOH extract of Dracaena angustifolia Roxb...
  38. Cui J, Wang C, Guo S, Xiao P, Wang M. Stimulation of dragon's blood accumulation in Dracaena cambodiana via fungal inoculation. Fitoterapia. 2013;87:31-6 pubmed publisher
    ..However, studies on enhancing the rapid accumulation of dragon's blood in Dracaena cambodiana and determining its formation mechanism are unavailable...
  39. Pang D, Su X, Zhu Z, Sun J, Li Y, Song Y, et al. Flavonoid dimers from the total phenolic extract of Chinese dragon's blood, the red resin of Dracaena cochinchinensis. Fitoterapia. 2016;115:135-141 pubmed publisher
    ..dimers (4-5), along with a known analogue (6), were isolated from total phenolic extract of the red resin of Dracaena cochinchinensis (Chinese dragon's blood)...
  40. Al Afifi N, Alabsi A, Bakri M, Ramanathan A. Acute and sub-acute oral toxicity of Dracaena cinnabari resin methanol extract in rats. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2018;18:50 pubmed publisher
    b>Dracaena cinnabari (DC) is a perennial tree that located on the Southern coast of Yemen native to the Socotra Island. This tree produces a deep red resin known as the Dragon's blood, the Twobrother's Blood or Damm Alakhwain...
  41. Zhu Y, Zhang P, Yu H, Li J, Wang M, Zhao W. Anti-Helicobacter pylori and thrombin inhibitory components from Chinese dragon's blood, Dracaena cochinchinensis. J Nat Prod. 2007;70:1570-7 pubmed
    Chemical studies on the constituents of Dracaena cochinchinensis led to the discovery of eight new flavonoid derivatives ( 1- 8) along with 14 known compounds ( 9- 22)...
  42. Cui J, Guo S, Dong H, Xiao P. Endophytic fungi from Dragon's blood specimens: isolation, identification, phylogenetic diversity and bioactivity. Phytother Res. 2011;25:1189-95 pubmed publisher
    ..A total of 49 endophytic fungi were obtained from Dragon's blood materials of Dracaena spp., 18 taxa were represented by 43 (87.8%) isolates and only six (12.2%) isolates were unknown. Twenty (40...
  43. Wang X, Zhang C, Yang L, Gomes Laranjo J. Production of dragon's blood in Dracaena cochinchinensis plants by inoculation of Fusarium proliferatum. Plant Sci. 2011;180:292-9 pubmed publisher
    ..plus causal fungal infection and keeping the wound moist are essential for efficient dragon's blood formation in Dracaena cochinchinensis...
  44. Gao X, Jiang Q, Wang P, Zhang M. [RP-HPLC characteristics of dragon's blood]. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2007;32:2025-7 pubmed
    ..To study the fingerprint of dragon's blood resina draconis by high performance liquid chromatography...
  45. Li Y, Xiao W, Qin J, Guo Y, Zhu Q. [Simultaneous determination of five active components in resina draconis and its extract by HPLC]. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2012;37:929-33 pubmed
    ..To establish an HPLC method for simultaneous determination of contents of loureirin A, loureirin B, 7,4'-dihydroxy flavone, pterostilbene and resveratrol in resina draconis and its extracts...
  46. Gong W, Cao Y, Wang Y. Analysis of pharmaceutical samples of Resina Draconis by HPLC-PAD. Phytochem Anal. 2008;19:499-505 pubmed publisher
    ..In recent years, fingerprinting of TCMs has played a dominant role in quality control. Resina Draconis was authorised as a new TCM in 1991, but a satisfactory HPLC fingerprint method for this preparation has not yet been published...
  47. Chen H, Zuo W, Wang H, Shen H, Luo Y, Dai H, et al. Two new antimicrobial flavanes from dragon's blood of Dracaena cambodiana. J Asian Nat Prod Res. 2012;14:436-40 pubmed publisher
    ..3) and (2S)-7,3'-dihydroxy-4'-methoxy-8-methylflavane (4), were isolated from dragon's blood of Dracaena cambodiana. The new compounds were determined by HR-ESI-MS and spectroscopic techniques (UV, IR, 1D, and 2D NMR)...
  48. Liu J, Mei W, Wu J, Zhao Y, Peng M, Dai H. A new cytotoxic homoisoflavonoid from Dracaena cambodiana. J Asian Nat Prod Res. 2009;11:192-5 pubmed publisher
    ..2) and (2R)-7,4'-dihydroxy-8-methylflavane (3), were isolated from the stems of Dracaena cambodiana...
  49. Dadrasnia A, Agamuthu P. Organic wastes to enhance phyto-treatment of diesel-contaminated soil. Waste Manag Res. 2013;31:1133-9 pubmed publisher
    ..In this work, Dracaena reflexa and Podocarpus polystachyus were investigated for their potential to remove hydrocarbons from 2...
  50. Feo Brito F, Mur P, Bartolome B, Gomez E, Galindo P, Borja J, et al. Rhinoconjunctivitis and asthma caused by corn plant (Dracaena fragrans). Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2007;98:290-3 pubmed
    ..Respiratory symptoms caused by decorative flowers have seldom been reported in the literature...
  51. Wang H, Jiang H, Li F, Chen H, Liu W, Ren S, et al. Flavonoids from artificially induced dragon's blood of Dracaena cambodiana. Fitoterapia. 2017;121:1-5 pubmed publisher
    ..twenty constituents, including three new ones, were isolated from artificially induced dragon's blood of Dracaena cambodiana, five of which are the same with those from natural dragon's blood...
  52. Zhou Z, Wang J, Yang C. [Cochinchinenin--a new chalcone dimer from the Chinese dragon blood]. Yao Xue Xue Bao. 2001;36:200-4 pubmed
    To study the active constituents of Dracaena cochinchinensis (Lour.) S.C. Chen. in the commercial dragon blood.
  53. Melo M, Sousa M, Parola A, de Melo J, Catarino F, Marçalo J, et al. Identification of 7,4'-dihydroxy-5-methoxyflavylium in "Dragon's blood": to be or not to be an anthocyanin. Chemistry. 2007;13:1417-22 pubmed
    ..identified as the major red colorant in samples of the resin "dragon's blood", extracted from the tree Dracaena draco...
  54. Minh C, Dat N, Dang N, Nam N, Ban N, Tuyen N, et al. Unusual 22S-spirostane steroids from Dracaena cambodiana. Nat Prod Commun. 2009;4:1197-200 pubmed
    From the methanol extract of Dracaena cambodiana roots two unusual 22S-spirostane steroids (1beta,3beta,14alpha,20R,22S,25R)-spirost-5-ene-1,3,14-triol (1) and (lbeta,3beta,14alpha,15alpha,20R,22S,25R)-spirost-5-ene-tetrol (2) have been ..
  55. Lu H, Teng J, Wu H. [A review on the study of Resina Draconis produced in China]. Zhong Yao Cai. 2003;26:459-61 pubmed
  56. Epidi T, Udo I. Biological activity of ethanolic extract fractions of Dracaena arborea against infestation of stored grains by two storage insect pests. Pak J Biol Sci. 2009;12:976-80 pubmed
    ..of on-going efforts to use eco-friendly alternatives to chemical pesticides, ethanolic extract of dried leaves of Dracaena arborea (Willd...
  57. Wang X, Gong M, Tang L, Zheng S, Lou J, Ou L, et al. Cloning, bioinformatics and the enzyme activity analyses of a phenylalanine ammonia-lyase gene involved in dragon's blood biosynthesis in Dracaena cambodiana. Mol Biol Rep. 2013;40:97-107 pubmed publisher
    ..We cloned a partial cDNA of PAL gene, DcPAL1, from Dracaena cambodiana seedlings using RT-PCR with degenerate primers that were designed based on a multiple sequence ..
  58. Luo Y, Wang H, Xu X, Mei W, Dai H. Antioxidant phenolic compounds of Dracaena cambodiana. Molecules. 2010;15:8904-14 pubmed publisher
    The antioxidant activities of the petroleum ether, ethyl acetate, n-BuOH and water extract fractions from Dracaena cambodiana Pierre ex Gagnep were evaluated in this study...
  59. Yi T, Chen H, Zhao Z, Yu Z, Jiang Z. Comparison of the chemical profiles and anti-platelet aggregation effects of two "Dragon's Blood" drugs used in traditional Chinese medicine. J Ethnopharmacol. 2011;133:796-802 pubmed publisher
    ..In traditional Chinese medicine, the resin obtained from Daemonorops draco (RDD) and the resin from Dracaena cochinchinensis (RDC) are equally prescribed as "Dragon's Blood" for facilitating blood circulation.
  60. Wang X, Zhang C, Wang Y, Gomes Laranjo J. Screen of micro-organisms for inducing the production of dragon's blood by leaf of Dracaena cochinchinensis. Lett Appl Microbiol. 2010;51:504-10 pubmed publisher
    To screen micro-organisms for inducing the production of dragon's blood, which is normally produced by stem xylem and by leaf of Dracaena cochinchinensis, and to evaluate the product by comparing with the standard.
  61. He L, Liu Y, Shi J, Pei Q. Synthesis and antitumor activity of cholest-4 alpha-methyl-7-en-3beta-ol derivatives. Steroids. 2006;71:476-83 pubmed
    ..32 x 10(-9)microg/mL. In addition, the cytotoxic properties of this compound against HCT-8 and BEL-7402 are excellent with IC(50) 1.2 microg/mL...
  62. Kayalvily T, Jegathambigai V, Karunarathne M, Svinningen A, Mikunthan G. Prevalence of Erwinia soft rot affecting cut foliage, Dracaena sanderiana ornamental industry and solution towards its management. Commun Agric Appl Biol Sci. 2012;77:265-73 pubmed
    ..conditions at Green Farms Ltd, Marawila to determine the occurrence and severity of Erwinia soft rot disease in Dracaena sanderiana plants and to formulate the possible control measures...
  63. Luo Y, Wang H, Zhao Y, Zeng Y, Shen H, Dai H, et al. Cytotoxic and antibacterial flavonoids from dragon's blood of Dracaena cambodiana. Planta Med. 2011;77:2053-6 pubmed publisher
    Chemical studies on the constituents from the dragon's blood of Dracaena cambodiana led to the discovery of three new flavonoid derivatives (1- 3) and six known compounds (4- 9)...
  64. Dadrasnia A, Pariatamby A. Phyto-enhanced remediation of soil co-contaminated with lead and diesel fuel using biowaste and Dracaena reflexa: A laboratory study. Waste Manag Res. 2016;34:246-53 pubmed publisher
    ..of lead (60 mg kg(-1)) and diesel fuel (25,000 mg kg(-1)) in co-contaminated soil by Dracaena reflexa Lam for a period of 180 day...
  65. Liu X, Chen S, Zhang Y, Zhang F. Modulation of dragon's blood on tetrodotoxin-resistant sodium currents in dorsal root ganglion neurons and identification of its material basis for efficacy. Sci China C Life Sci. 2006;49:274-85 pubmed
  66. Wankeu Nya M, Florea A, Bâlici S, Watcho P, Matei H, Kamanyi A. Dracaena arborea alleviates ultra-structural spermatogenic alterations in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2013;13:71 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of aqueous and ethanol extracts of Dracaena arborea in streptozotocin-induced ultra-structural spermatogenic alterations in Wistar rats.
  67. Zhenqing H, Zhenxi Z, Chuanxin Z, Mei H. Use of natural plant exudates (Sanguis Draxonis) for sustained oral insulin delivery with dramatic reduction of glycemic effects in diabetic rats. J Control Release. 2004;97:467-75 pubmed
  68. Vijayaraghavan K, Praveen R. Dracaena marginata biofilter: design of growth substrate and treatment of stormwater runoff. Environ Technol. 2016;37:1101-9 pubmed publisher
    The purpose of this research was to investigate the efficiency of Dracaena marginata planted biofilters to decontaminate urban runoff...
  69. Su F, Li H, Zhang Y, Hou S, Lei P, Chen X. [Effect of icogenin on and its mechanism in anti-metastasis of pancreatic cancer BxPC3 cells]. Yao Xue Xue Bao. 2009;44:456-61 pubmed
    ..It is concluded that Icogenin can inhibit the abilities of invasion and metastasis of pancreatic cancer in vitro by inhibiting the secretion of MMP2 and phosphorylation of ERK...
  70. Heo S, Yi H, Yun H, Ko C, Choi J, Park S. Ethylacetate extract from Draconis Resina inhibits LPS-induced inflammatory responses in vascular smooth muscle cells and macrophages via suppression of ROS production. Food Chem Toxicol. 2010;48:1129-36 pubmed publisher
    ..Taken together, these results indicate that DREA has the potential for use as an anti-atherosclerosis agent...
  71. Tapondjou L, Ponou K, Teponno R, Mbiantcha M, Djoukeng J, Nguelefack T, et al. In vivo anti-inflammatory effect of a new steroidal saponin, mannioside A, and its derivatives isolated from Dracaena mannii. Arch Pharm Res. 2008;31:653-8 pubmed publisher
    A new steroidal saponin, mannioside A (1), was isolated from the stem bark of Dracaena mannii, together with the known pennogenin (2), pennogenin-3-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (3) and pennogenin-3-O-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1-->2)-[alpha-..
  72. González A, Hernandez J, Leon F, Padrón J, Estevez F, Quintana J, et al. Steroidal saponins from the bark of Dracaena draco and their cytotoxic activities. J Nat Prod. 2003;66:793-8 pubmed
    From the stem bark of Dracaena draco, three new compounds, namely, draconins A-C (1-3), were isolated, along with 17 known compounds...
  73. Zheng Q, Yang C. Pregnane glycosides from Dracaena cochinchinensis. J Asian Nat Prod Res. 2003;5:291-6 pubmed
    Two new pregnane glycosides, named dracaenoside C and D, were isolated from the fresh stems of Dracaena cochinchinensis...
  74. Zhao J, Zhang L, Dayanandan S, Nagaraju S, Liu D, Li Q. Tertiary origin and pleistocene diversification of dragon blood tree (Dracaena cambodiana-Asparagaceae) populations in the Asian tropical forests. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e60102 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we test these two hypotheses using Dracaena cambodiana, a plant species distributed in paleotropical forests.
  75. Hernandez J, Leon F, Quintana J, Estevez F, Bermejo J. Icogenin, a new cytotoxic steroidal saponin isolated from Dracaena draco. Bioorg Med Chem. 2004;12:4423-9 pubmed
    ..6+/-0.9microM at 72h, with growth inhibition caused by the induction of apoptosis, as determined by microscopy of nuclear changes and the fragmentation of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1...
  76. Ritchie S, Long S, Montgomery B. Efficacy of methyl bromide fumigation and insecticidal dips against Aedes eggs on lucky bamboo. J Am Mosq Control Assoc. 2004;20:283-5 pubmed
    Importation of lucky bamboo (Dracaena sp.) stalk clusters has led to the accidental importation of Aedes albopictus in some countries...
  77. Su L, Gao S, Huang Y, Ji C, Wang D, Ma Y, et al. Complete genomic sequence of Dracaena mottle virus, a distinct badnavirus. Virus Genes. 2007;35:423-9 pubmed
    The genome of Dracaena mottle virus (DrMV) was cloned from infected Dracaena sanderiana plants, and its complete nucleotide sequence was determined and analyzed...
  78. Pegas P, Alves C, Nunes T, Bate Epey E, Evtyugina M, Pio C. Could houseplants improve indoor air quality in schools?. J Toxicol Environ Health A. 2012;75:1371-80 pubmed publisher
    ..Our findings corroborate the results of NASA studies suggesting that plants might improve indoor air and make interior breathing spaces healthier...
  79. Guan J, Guo S. Three new biflavonoids from Chinese dragon's blood, Dracaena cochinchinensis. Nat Prod Commun. 2012;7:591-4 pubmed
    ..2), and (2RyR)-8-methylsocotrin-4'-ol (3), were isolated from Chinese Dragon's blood [Dracaena cochinchinensis (Lour.) S. C. Chen], together with two known ones...
  80. Baumer U, Dietemann P. Identification and differentiation of dragon's blood in works of art using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. Anal Bioanal Chem. 2010;397:1363-76 pubmed publisher
    ..resins that are produced by various plants, particularly exudations from plant species belonging to the genera Dracaena and Daemonorops...
  81. Xu M, Zhang Y, Li X, Jacob M, Yang C. Steroidal saponins from fresh stems of Dracaena angustifolia. J Nat Prod. 2010;73:1524-8 pubmed publisher
    Six new steroidal saponins (1-6), angudracanosides A-F, were isolated from fresh stems of Dracaena angustifolia, together with eight known compounds...
  82. Mahmoud A, Fawzy M, Radwan A. Optimization of Cadmium (CD(2+)) removal from aqueous solutions by novel biosorbent. Int J Phytoremediation. 2016;18:619-25 pubmed publisher
    In this research, dead leaves of a common ornamental plant, Dracaena draca known also as dragon tree was used as a biosorbent for the removal of Cadmium (Cd(2+)) from aqueous solutions using a full 2(3) factorial experimental design...
  83. Gupta D, Gupta R. Bioprotective properties of Dragon's blood resin: in vitro evaluation of antioxidant activity and antimicrobial activity. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2011;11:13 pubmed publisher
    ..The aims of this study were to evaluate in vitro antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of Dragon's blood resin obtained from Dracaena cinnabari Balf f., with a view to develop safer food preservatives.
  84. Cao Y, Gong W, Li N, Yin C, Wang Y. Comparison of microemulsion electrokinetic chromatography with high-performance liquid chromatography for fingerprint analysis of resina draconis. Anal Bioanal Chem. 2008;392:1003-10 pubmed publisher
    ..So, MEEKC was more suitable for development of the fingerprint of resina draconis...
  85. Song Y, Zhang Q, Hu Y, Deng C. [Quantitative determination of ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate in resins extracted from Dracaena cochinchinensis with two technologies]. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2004;29:323-5 pubmed
    Quantitative determination was made of ethyl-p-hydroxybenzoate in Dracaena cochinchinensis extracted with two technologies.
  86. Yokosuka A, Mimaki Y, Sashida Y. Four new 3,5-cyclosteroidal saponins from Dracaena surculosa. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 2002;50:992-5 pubmed
    Further search for steroidal compounds contained in Dracaena surculosa (Agavaceae) led to the isolation of two new 3,5-cyclospirostanol saponins (1, 2) and two new 3,5-cyclofurostanol saponins (3, 4)...