asparagus plant


Summary: A plant genus in the family Asparagaceae that contains ECDYSTEROIDS and is an ingredient of Siotone. The shoots are used as a vegetable and the roots are used in FOLK MEDICINE.

Top Publications

  1. Hayes P, Jahidin A, Lehmann R, Penman K, Kitching W, De Voss J. Steroidal saponins from the roots of Asparagus racemosus. Phytochemistry. 2008;69:796-804 pubmed
  2. Yamamori A, Onodera S, Kikuchi M, Shiomi N. Two novel oligosaccharides formed by 1F-fructosyltransferase purified from roots of asparagus (Asparagus officinalis L.). Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2002;66:1419-22 pubmed
    ..On the other hand, the unfavorable bacteria, Clostridium perfringens, Escherichia coli and Enterococcusfaecalis, that produce mutagenic substances did not use the synthetic oligosaccharide...
  3. Vujanovic V, Hamel C, Jabaji Hare S, St Arnaud M. Development of a selective myclobutanil agar (MBA) medium for the isolation of Fusarium species from asparagus fields. Can J Microbiol. 2002;48:841-7 pubmed
    ..PPA allowed a faster fusaria growth but also permited the growth of other moulds. The other media were less selective and did not allow to isolate fusaria or to differenciate them from other growing fungi...
  4. Wang M, Tadmor Y, Wu Q, Chin C, Garrison S, Simon J. Quantification of protodioscin and rutin in asparagus shoots by LC/MS and HPLC methods. J Agric Food Chem. 2003;51:6132-6 pubmed
    ..03-0.06% tissue fresh weight. The lower portions of the asparagus shoots that are discarded during grading and processing should instead be considered a promising source of a new value-added nutraceutical product...
  5. Mulè G, Susca A, Stea G, Moretti A. Specific detection of the toxigenic species Fusarium proliferatum and F. oxysporum from asparagus plants using primers based on calmodulin gene sequences. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2004;230:235-40 pubmed
    ..The PCR products from F. proliferatum and F. oxysporum were 526 and 534 bp long, respectively. The assays were successfully applied to identify both species from the vegetative part of the plants...
  6. Jang D, Cuendet M, Fong H, Pezzuto J, Kinghorn A. Constituents of Asparagus officinalis evaluated for inhibitory activity against cyclooxygenase-2. J Agric Food Chem. 2004;52:2218-22 pubmed
    ..All the isolates were evaluated for their inhibitory effects against both cyclooxygenase-1 and -2, with the most active compound being linoleic acid...
  7. Yergeau E, Filion M, Vujanovic V, St Arnaud M. A PCR-denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis approach to assess Fusarium diversity in asparagus. J Microbiol Methods. 2005;60:143-54 pubmed
    ..gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE) method was developed to assess Fusarium species diversity in asparagus plant samples...
  8. Rodríguez R, Jaramillo S, Rodriguez G, Espejo J, Guillén R, Fernández Bolaños J, et al. Antioxidant activity of ethanolic extracts from several asparagus cultivars. J Agric Food Chem. 2005;53:5212-7 pubmed
    ..Byproducts from the canning industry at Huétor-Tájar were also assayed for antioxidant activity; the results obtained suggested that byproducts could be considered as an excellent source of natural antioxidants...
  9. Visavadiya N, Soni B, Madamwar D. Suppression of reactive oxygen species and nitric oxide by Asparagus racemosus root extract using in vitro studies. Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand). 2009;55 Suppl:OL1083-95 pubmed
    ..These effects are attributed to the high amount of lipophilic phenolics content of ARE root extract...

More Information

Publications139 found, 100 shown here

  1. Wang H, Ng T. Isolation of a novel deoxyribonuclease with antifungal activity from Asparagus officinalis seeds. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2001;289:120-4 pubmed
    ..However, it inhibited cell-free translation in a rabbit reticulocyte lysate system with an IC(50) of 20 microM. It exhibited antifungal activity toward Botrytis cinerea but not toward Fusarium oxysporum and Mycosphaerella arachidicola...
  2. Wiboonpun N, Phuwapraisirisan P, Tip Pyang S. Identification of antioxidant compound from Asparagus racemosus. Phytother Res. 2004;18:771-3 pubmed
    ..The structure of 3 was fully characterized by spectroscopic data (UV, MS, 1H NMR, 13C NMR, and 2D NMR). Racemofuran revealed antioxidant property against DPPH with IC50 value of 130 microM...
  3. Venkatesan N, Thiyagarajan V, Narayanan S, Arul A, Raja S, Vijaya Kumar S, et al. Anti-diarrhoeal potential of Asparagus racemosus wild root extracts in laboratory animals. J Pharm Pharm Sci. 2005;8:39-46 pubmed
    ..Therefore, the present study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of ethanol and aqueous extracts of Asparagus racemosus for its antidiarrhoeal potential against several experimental models of diarrhoea in Albino Wistar rats...
  4. Huang X, Kong L. Steroidal saponins from roots of Asparagus officinalis. Steroids. 2006;71:171-6 pubmed
    ..Their structures were determined by spectral analysis, including extensive 1D and 2D NMR experiments...
  5. Bhatnagar M, Sisodia S, Bhatnagar R. Antiulcer and antioxidant activity of Asparagus racemosus Willd and Withania somnifera Dunal in rats. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2005;1056:261-78 pubmed
    ..somnifera was effective in stress-induced gastric ulcer. Results obtained for both herbal drugs were comparable to those of the standard drug ranitidine...
  6. Vujanovic V, Hamel C, Yergeau E, St Arnaud M. Biodiversity and biogeography of Fusarium species from northeastern North American asparagus fields based on microbiological and molecular approaches. Microb Ecol. 2006;51:242-55 pubmed
    ..proliferatum in asparagus fields is proposed. Intraspecific molecular differences in F. proliferatum and F. oxysporum were detected in the EF-1 alpha sequences and compared with well-characterized strains of North America...
  7. Fuentes Alventosa J, Jaramillo S, Rodríguez Gutiérrez G, Cermeño P, Espejo J, Jiménez Araujo A, et al. Flavonoid profile of green asparagus genotypes. J Agric Food Chem. 2008;56:6977-84 pubmed publisher
    ..On the other hand, the compound tentatively identified as isorhamnetin-3-glucosyl-rutinoside was present in most genotypes of triguero asparagus, whereas it has not been detected in any of the commercial hybrids...
  8. Lee D, Choo B, Yoon T, Cheon M, Lee H, Lee A, et al. Anti-inflammatory effects of Asparagus cochinchinensis extract in acute and chronic cutaneous inflammation. J Ethnopharmacol. 2009;121:28-34 pubmed publisher
    ..We investigated the effects of 70% ethanolic extract from Asparagus cochinchinensis Merrill (ACE) on skin inflammation in mice...
  9. Wang J, Wang X, Zhou Y, Du L, Wang Q. Fumonisin detection and analysis of potential fumonisin-producing Fusarium spp. in asparagus (Asparagus officinalis L.) in Zhejiang Province of China. J Sci Food Agric. 2010;90:836-42 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, we analysed the contamination of fumonisins and fumonisin-producing fungi in asparagus spear samples from Zhejiang Province, the major asparagus production province in China...
  10. Zhu X, Zhang W, Zhao J, Wang J, Qu W. Hypolipidaemic and hepatoprotective effects of ethanolic and aqueous extracts from Asparagus officinalis L. by-products in mice fed a high-fat diet. J Sci Food Agric. 2010;90:1129-35 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study the hypolipidaemic and hepatoprotective effects of ethanolic (EEA) and aqueous (AEA) extracts from asparagus by-products were evaluated in mice fed a high-fat diet (HFD)...
  11. Waskiewicz A, Golinski P, Karolewski Z, Irzykowska L, Bocianowski J, Kostecki M, et al. Formation of fumonisins and other secondary metabolites by Fusarium oxysporum and F. proliferatum: a comparative study. Food Addit Contam Part A Chem Anal Control Expo Risk Assess. 2010;27:608-15 pubmed publisher
    ..proliferatum and F. oxysporum (p < 0.001)...
  12. Diwanay S, Chitre D, Patwardhan B. Immunoprotection by botanical drugs in cancer chemotherapy. J Ethnopharmacol. 2004;90:49-55 pubmed
    ..Treatment with these candidate drugs will be important in development of supportive treatment with cancer chemotherapy...
  13. Rodríguez Arcos R, Smith A, Waldron K. Ferulic acid crosslinks in asparagus cell walls in relation to texture. J Agric Food Chem. 2004;52:4740-50 pubmed
  14. Bopana N, Saxena S. Asparagus racemosus--ethnopharmacological evaluation and conservation needs. J Ethnopharmacol. 2007;110:1-15 pubmed
    ..Consequently, we have suggested a 'systems biology' approach that includes metabolite profiling, metabolic fingerprinting, metabolite target analysis and metabonomics to enable further research...
  15. Liu W, Huang X, Qi Q, Dai Q, Yang L, Nie F, et al. Asparanin A induces G(2)/M cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in human hepatocellular carcinoma HepG2 cells. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2009;381:700-5 pubmed publisher
    ..These data indicate that asparanin A shows promise as a preventive and/or therapeutic agent against human hepatoma...
  16. Bhutani K, Paul A, Fayad W, Linder S. Apoptosis inducing activity of steroidal constituents from Solanum xanthocarpum and Asparagus racemosus. Phytomedicine. 2010;17:789-93 pubmed publisher
    ..The carbohydrate moieties linked to the steroid backbones were found to strongly influence cytotoxic activity and cell death mode (apoptosis or necrosis). Compound 10, from A. racemosus was found to be a potent inducer of apoptosis...
  17. Sautour M, Miyamoto T, Lacaille Dubois M. Steroidal saponins from Asparagus acutifolius. Phytochemistry. 2007;68:2554-62 pubmed
    ..Compounds 4-7 demonstrated antifungal activity against the human pathogenic yeasts C. albicans, C. glabrata and C. tropicalis with MICs values between 12.5 and 100 microg/ml. ..
  18. Sanz S, Olarte C, Ayala F, Echávarri J. Evolution of quality characteristics of minimally processed asparagus during storage in different lighting conditions. J Food Sci. 2009;74:S296-302 pubmed publisher
  19. Borowiak Sobkowiak B, Wozniak A, Bednarski W, Formela M, Samardakiewicz S, Morkunas I. Brachycorynella asparagi (Mordv.) Induced-Oxidative Stress and Antioxidative Defenses of Asparagus officinalis L. Int J Mol Sci. 2016;17: pubmed
    ..officinalis. Damage to leaves of one- and two-month-old A. officinalis plants by the aphid B. asparagi was dependent on the intensity, duration of infestation and plant age. ..
  20. Hashimoto M, Ozeki J, Komatsu K, Senshu H, Kagiwada S, Mori T, et al. Complete nucleotide sequence of asparagus virus 3. Arch Virol. 2008;153:219-21 pubmed publisher
  21. Jaramillo Carmona S, Fuentes Alventosa J, Rodríguez Gutiérrez G, Waldron K, Smith A, Guillén Bejarano R, et al. Characterization of asparagus lignin by HPLC. J Food Sci. 2008;73:C526-32 pubmed publisher
    ..It has been found that whereas wood samples mostly contain coniferyl units, plant foods, such as straw and asparagus, contain both coniferyl and guaiacyl units. ..
  22. Vujanovic V, Goh Y. Sphaerodes mycoparasitica sp. nov., a new biotrophic mycoparasite on Fusarium avenaceum, F. graminearum and F. oxysporum. Mycol Res. 2009;113:1172-80 pubmed publisher
    ..The description of S. mycoparasitica, its phylogenetic position-based on DNA sequences of large subunit ribosomal RNA gene (LSU)-as well as a key for all known Sphaerodes species are provided. ..
  23. Gould J, Maldonado M. Copitarsia decolora (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) larvae escaping from discarded asparagus: data in support of a pathway risk analysis. J Econ Entomol. 2006;99:1605-9 pubmed
    ..However, larvae can survive at least 1 wk on both types of deteriorating asparagus held at 23.5 degrees C. In field trials, a small percentage of C. decolora larvae crawled out of a dumpster filled with asparagus after 1 wk. ..
  24. Singh G, Garabadu D, Muruganandam A, Joshi V, Krishnamurthy S. Antidepressant activity of Asparagus racemosus in rodent models. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2009;91:283-90 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, MAR has significant antidepressant activity and this effect is probably mediated through the serotonergic and the noradrenergic systems and augmentation of antioxidant defenses. ..
  25. Anderson L, Walsh M, Roy A, Bianchetti C, Merchan G. The potential of Thelypteris palustris and Asparagus sprengeri in phytoremediation of arsenic contamination. Int J Phytoremediation. 2011;13:177-84 pubmed
    ..Total oxidation of As (III) to As (V) does not occur in asparagus fern. The asparagus fern is arsenic tolerant (bioaccumulation factors < 10), but is not considered a good potential phytoremediation candidate. ..
  26. Palanisamy N, Manian S. Protective effects of Asparagus racemosus on oxidative damage in isoniazid-induced hepatotoxic rats: an in vivo study. Toxicol Ind Health. 2012;28:238-44 pubmed publisher
  27. Morrison W, Szendrei Z. Patterns of spatial and temporal distribution of the asparagus miner (Diptera: Agromyzidae): implications for management. J Econ Entomol. 2013;106:1218-25 pubmed
    ..Finally, conserving the remaining naturally forested landscape and planting borders of trees may help ameliorate pest pressure in asparagus fields...
  28. Tirado R, Pugnaire F. Shrub spatial aggregation and consequences for reproductive success. Oecologia. 2003;136:296-301 pubmed
    ..Facilitation, by inducing variations in the reproductive performance may play a major role in the demography and dynamics of plant populations. ..
  29. Rubio Pérez E, Molinero Ruiz M, Melero Vara J, Basallote Ureba M. Selection of potential antagonists against asparagus crown and root rot caused by Fusarium spp. Commun Agric Appl Biol Sci. 2008;73:203-6 pubmed
    ..The objective of this work was the evaluation of the potential of fungal isolates from symptomless asparagus plants as biocontrol agents of Fusarium crown and root rot. ..
  30. Stajner N. Micropropagation of Asparagus by in vitro shoot culture. Methods Mol Biol. 2013;11013:341-51 pubmed publisher
    ..By in vitro propagation of Asparagus, root initiation is difficult, but can be promoted by adding growth retardant ancymidol which also greatly promotes shoot development and suppresses callus formation. ..
  31. Abdelrahman M, Suzumura N, Mitoma M, Matsuo S, Ikeuchi T, Mori M, et al. Comparative de novo transcriptome profiles in Asparagus officinalis and A. kiusianus during the early stage of Phomopsis asparagi infection. Sci Rep. 2017;7:2608 pubmed publisher
    ..officinalis. Our transcriptomic database provides a resource for identifying novel genes and molecular markers-associated with Phomopsis disease resistance and will facilitate breeding and improvement of cultivated asparagus varieties. ..
  32. Tabar A, Alvarez Puebla M, Gomez B, Sanchez Monge R, Garcia B, Echechipia S, et al. Diversity of asparagus allergy: clinical and immunological features. Clin Exp Allergy. 2004;34:131-6 pubmed
    ..Severe disease (anaphylaxis or asthma) is common and LTPs seem to play a major role. The clinical relevance of LTP sensitization among patients with mild disease or symptom-free subjects should be addressed in prospective studies. ..
  33. Jakse J, Telgmann A, Jung C, Khar A, Melgar S, Cheung F, et al. Comparative sequence and genetic analyses of asparagus BACs reveal no microsynteny with onion or rice. Theor Appl Genet. 2006;114:31-9 pubmed
  34. Dartsch P. Effect of Asparagus-P on cell metabolism of cultured kidney and inflammation-mediating cells. Phytother Res. 2008;22:1477-81 pubmed publisher
    ..This increases the information on the antiinflammatory efficacy of Asparagus-P as already shown by its potential to inactivate reactive oxygen radicals...
  35. Gao Y, Oppert B, Lord J, Liu C, Lei Z. Bacillus thuringiensis Cry3Aa toxin increases the susceptibility of Crioceris quatuordecimpunctata to Beauveria bassiana infection. J Invertebr Pathol. 2012;109:260-3 pubmed publisher
    ..bassiana. Our results suggest that a combination of Cry3Aa and B. bassiana may be effective in reducing damage by C. quatuordecimpunctata larvae to asparagus. ..
  36. Voigt D, Gorb S. Egg attachment of the asparagus beetle Crioceris asparagi to the crystalline waxy surface of Asparagus officinalis. Proc Biol Sci. 2010;277:895-903 pubmed publisher
    ..The secretion wets superhydrophobic surfaces and after solidifying builds up a composite, consisting of the solidified glue and wax crystals, at the interface between the egg and plant cuticle. ..
  37. Harkess A, Zhou J, Xu C, Bowers J, van der Hulst R, Ayyampalayam S, et al. The asparagus genome sheds light on the origin and evolution of a young Y chromosome. Nat Commun. 2017;8:1279 pubmed publisher
    ..A single copy anther-specific gene with a male sterile Arabidopsis knockout phenotype is also in the Y-specific region, supporting a two-gene model for sex chromosome evolution. ..
  38. Boujraf S, Luypaert R, Eisendrath H, Osteaux M. Echo planar magnetic resonance imaging of anisotropic diffusion in asparagus stems. MAGMA. 2001;13:82-90 pubmed
    ..Our experiments show that the known structural information about the main cell types encountered correlates well with the behavior patterns of the diffusion parameters. ..
  39. Sairam K, Priyambada S, Aryya N, Goel R. Gastroduodenal ulcer protective activity of Asparagus racemosus: an experimental, biochemical and histological study. J Ethnopharmacol. 2003;86:1-10 pubmed
  40. Singh M, Singh S, Kale R. Chemomodulatory potential of Asparagus adscendens against murine skin and forestomach papillomagenesis. Eur J Cancer Prev. 2011;20:240-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Together, these results suggest the cancer chemopreventive potential of A. adscendens, which could be mediated through drug-metabolizing phase I and phase II enzymes as well as free radical scavenging antioxidant enzymes. ..
  41. Cravero V, Cointry E, Gatti I, Anido F. Estimates of heritability in a blanched asparagus population. Genet Mol Res. 2002;1:90-5 pubmed
    ..As there was a high degree of heritability, additive genetic factors contributed significantly to the genetic variance, which would allow the selection of phenotypically superior plants for asparagus improvement projects. ..
  42. Valero A, Carrasco E, Pérez Rodríguez F, Garcia Gimeno R, Zurera G. Modeling the growth of Listeria monocytogenes in pasteurized white asparagus. J Food Prot. 2007;70:753-7 pubmed
    ..monocytogenes growth. Predicting the growth of L. monocytogenes along the food chain will help to reduce microbial risks associated with consumption of pasteurized white asparagus. ..
  43. Wu J, Cheng K, Zuo X, Wang M, Li P, Zhang L, et al. Steroidal saponins and ecdysterone from Asparagus filicinus and their cytotoxic activities. Steroids. 2010;75:734-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Compounds 1-10 were investigated for their cytotoxicities against human breast adenocarcinoma MDA-MB-231 cell line and compounds 8-10 exhibited cytotoxic activities with IC(50) values ranging from 3.4 to 6.6microM. ..
  44. Jiang Z, Geng L, Huang Y, Guan S, Dong W, Ma Z. The model of rough wetting for hydrophobic steel meshes that mimic Asparagus setaceus leaf. J Colloid Interface Sci. 2011;354:866-72 pubmed publisher
    ..This model not only for solving macroscopic hydrophobic problems of meshes, but also can be used to solve that of other materials with macroscopic roughness. ..
  45. Steenackers W, Cesarino I, Klíma P, Quareshy M, Vanholme R, Corneillie S, et al. The Allelochemical MDCA Inhibits Lignification and Affects Auxin Homeostasis. Plant Physiol. 2016;172:874-888 pubmed
    ..Altogether, our data provide, to our knowledge, a novel molecular explanation for the phytotoxic properties of MDCA. ..
  46. Feng J, Chen D, Sun Q, Nakamura N, Hattori M. Asparosides A and B, two new steroidal saponins from Asparagus meioclados. J Asian Nat Prod Res. 2002;4:221-6 pubmed
  47. Fuentes Alventosa J, Rodriguez G, Cermeño P, Jimenez A, Guillén R, Fernández Bolaños J, et al. Identification of flavonoid diglycosides in several genotypes of asparagus from the Huétor-Tájar population variety. J Agric Food Chem. 2007;55:10028-35 pubmed
    ..Significant differences (p < 0.05) in the content and relative composition of flavonoids were found among the spears of the distinct asparagus genotypes from the Huétor-Tájar population variety. ..
  48. Sapra B, Jain S, Tiwary A. Effect of Asparagus racemosus extract on transdermal delivery of carvedilol: a mechanistic study. AAPS PharmSciTech. 2009;10:199-210 pubmed publisher
    ..The developed transdermal patches of CDL containing AR extract-CTN mixture exhibited better performance as compared to oral administration in controlling hypertension in rats. ..
  49. Kanwar A, Bhutani K. Effects of Chlorophytum arundinaceum, Asparagus adscendens and Asparagus racemosus on pro-inflammatory cytokine and corticosterone levels produced by stress. Phytother Res. 2010;24:1562-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Corticosterone levels in serum and adrenal glands were measured. The findings suggest that these plants may be beneficial in the management of stress and inflammatory conditions. ..
  50. Kumeta Y, Maruyama T, Wakana D, Kamakura H, Goda Y. Chemical analysis reveals the botanical origin of shatavari products and confirms the absence of alkaloid asparagamine A in Asparagus racemosus. J Nat Med. 2013;67:168-73 pubmed publisher
    ..racemosus does not contain asparagamine A, and that previous isolation of asparagamine A from materials claimed as originating from A. racemosus was likely caused by misidentification of Stemona plants as A. racemosus...
  51. Maswada H, Elzaawely A. Ecological investigation of three geophytes in the Deltaic Mediterranean coast of Egypt. Pak J Biol Sci. 2013;16:1662-74 pubmed
    ..This study showed the ecological features of the selected geophytes in terms of their habitats, associated plant communities and the most edaphic factors controlling their richness and distribution in the study area...
  52. Paphangkorakit J, Thothongkam N, Supanont N. Chewing-side determination of three food textures. J Oral Rehabil. 2006;33:2-7 pubmed
    ..01). It was suggested that chewing-side preference is not a fixed characteristic. Food texture seemed to influence the side preference and also the occurrence of bilateral cycles. ..
  53. Ku Y, Kang D, Lee C, Lee S, Ryu C, Kim D, et al. Influence of different cultivation systems on bioactivity of asparagus. Food Chem. 2018;244:349-358 pubmed publisher
    ..All new found aspects for the first time lead to recommendation of inclusion of all investigated asparagus plants into the human diet in a wider scale. ..
  54. Xiong D, Yu L, Yan X, Guo C, Xiong Y. Effects of root and stem extracts of Asparagus cochinchinensis on biochemical indicators related to aging in the brain and liver of mice. Am J Chin Med. 2011;39:719-26 pubmed
  55. Nakayama H, Yamaguchi T, Tsukaya H. Cladodes, leaf-like organs in Asparagus, show the significance of co-option of pre-existing genetic regulatory circuit for morphological diversity of plants. Plant Signal Behav. 2012;7:961-4 pubmed publisher
    ..Based on our study and several examples of the morphological diversification, we briefly discuss the importance of co-option of pre-existing GRC and its genetic modularity in the morphological diversity of plants during evolution. ..
  56. Godsey J, Grundmann O. Review of Various Herbal Supplements as Complementary Treatments for Oral Cancer. J Diet Suppl. 2016;13:538-50 pubmed publisher
  57. Delaitre C, Ochatt S, Deleury E. Electroporation modulates the embryogenic responses of asparagus (Asparagus officinalis L.) microspores. Protoplasma. 2001;216:39-46 pubmed
  58. Li Y, Hu L, Lou F, Hong J, Li J, Shen Q. Furostanoside from Asparagus filicinus. J Asian Nat Prod Res. 2005;7:43-7 pubmed
    ..The structure of 1 has been elucidated on the basis of spectral data. ..
  59. Volz T, Berner D, Weigert C, Rocken M, Biedermann T. Fixed food eruption caused by asparagus. J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2005;116:1390-2 pubmed
  60. Suzuki S, Yamamura M, Hattori T, Nakatsubo T, Umezawa T. The subunit composition of hinokiresinol synthase controls geometrical selectivity in norlignan formation. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007;104:21008-13 pubmed
    ..By contrast, a mixture of recombinant subunits catalyzed the formation of (Z)-hinokiresinol from the same substrate. ..
  61. Sun Z, Huang X, Kong L. A new steroidal saponin from the dried stems of Asparagus officinalis L. Fitoterapia. 2010;81:210-3 pubmed publisher
    ..The structure of 1 was assessed by spectroscopial analysis as (25S)-spirostan-5-ene-3beta,21-diol-3-O-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1,2)-[alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1,4)]-beta-D-glucopyranoside. ..
  62. Qiu M, Jiang H, Ren G, Huang J, Wang X. Effect of chitosan coatings on postharvest green asparagus quality. Carbohydr Polym. 2013;92:2027-32 pubmed publisher
  63. Singh S, Mehla R, Singh M. Plasma hormones, metabolites, milk production, and cholesterol levels in Murrah buffaloes fed with Asparagus racemosus in transition and postpartum period. Trop Anim Health Prod. 2012;44:1827-32 pubmed publisher
    ..526 kg/animal/day) suggesting thereby that A. racemosus is galactopoietic. It was concluded that feeding of A. racemosus increases plasma prolactin and cortisol and decreased plasma total cholesterol and LDL concentration. ..
  64. Anane R, Sun H, Zhao L, Wang L, Lin C, Mao Z. Improved curdlan production with discarded bottom parts of Asparagus spear. Microb Cell Fact. 2017;16:59 pubmed publisher
  65. Franková L, Fry S. Trans-?-xylosidase, a widespread enzyme activity in plants, introduces (1?4)-?-d-xylobiose side-chains into xyloglucan structures. Phytochemistry. 2012;78:29-43 pubmed publisher
    ..Modifying xyloglucan structures in this way may alter oligosaccharin activities, or change their suitability as acceptor substrates for xyloglucan endotransglucosylase (XET) activity. ..
  66. Sella L, Castiglioni C, Roberti S, D Ovidio R, Favaron F. An endo-polygalacturonase (PG) of Fusarium moniliforme escaping inhibition by plant polygalacturonase-inhibiting proteins (PGIPs) provides new insights into the PG-PGIP interaction. FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2004;240:117-24 pubmed
    ..These include one region at the N-terminal portion of the enzyme and a few single amino acid substitutions along the entire sequence, two of which surrounding the active site. ..
  67. Thibout E, Pierre D, Mondy N, Lecomte C, Biémont J, Auger J. Host-plant finding by the asparagus fly, Plioreocepta poeciloptera (Diptera: Tephritidae), a monophagous, monovoltine tephritid. Bull Entomol Res. 2005;95:393-9 pubmed
    ..Both sexes respond to a complex of stimuli only during the afternoon. These findings will be helpful in developing new and effective approaches to control this pest insect. ..
  68. Pontaroli A, Camadro E. Plant regeneration after long-term callus culture in clones of Asparagus officinalis L. Biocell. 2005;29:313-7 pubmed
    ..1 mg x l(-1) NAA, 1.32 mg x l(-1) ancymidol, 7% glucose and 0.8% agar. Important medium x genotype interactions were detected, pointing to the need of adjusting this and other in vitro protocols for specific asparagus genotypes. ..
  69. Yergeau E, Labour K, Hamel C, Vujanovic V, Nakano Hylander A, Jeannotte R, et al. Patterns of Fusarium community structure and abundance in relation to spatial, abiotic and biotic factors in soil. FEMS Microbiol Ecol. 2010;71:34-42 pubmed publisher
    ..However, Fusarium community structure was not directly related to the disease status of nearby asparagus plants. ..
  70. Sanae M, Yasuo A. Green asparagus (Asparagus officinalis) prevented hypertension by an inhibitory effect on angiotensin-converting enzyme activity in the kidney of spontaneously hypertensive rats. J Agric Food Chem. 2013;61:5520-5 pubmed publisher
    ..In conclusion, 2?-hydroxynicotianamine in asparagus may be one of the factors inhibiting ACE activity in the kidney, thus preventing hypertension and preserving renal function. ..
  71. Arana I, Ibáñez F, Torre P. Monitoring the sensory quality of canned white asparagus through cluster analysis. J Sci Food Agric. 2016;96:2391-9 pubmed publisher
    ..AHC grouped the manufacturers according to the highest quality scores in certain descriptors and is a useful tool because it is very visual. © 2015 Society of Chemical Industry. ..
  72. Shi J, Li G, Huang S, Mo S, Wang Y, Yang Y, et al. Furostanol oligoglycosides from Asparagus cochinchinensis. J Asian Nat Prod Res. 2004;6:99-105 pubmed
  73. Bhowmik P, Matsui T. Changes in phenylalanine ammonia-lyase activity and gene expression during storage of asparagus spears. Z Naturforsch C. 2005;60:128-32 pubmed
    ..Northern blot analysis showed an increase of pAS-PAL mRNA until 24 h at 20 degrees C, which coincided well with PAL activity and fiber development, suggesting that the increase is a response to the wounding associated with harvest. ..
  74. Saude C, Hurtado Gonzales O, Lamour K, Hausbeck M. Occurrence and characterization of a Phytophthora sp. pathogenic to asparagus (Asparagus officinalis) in Michigan. Phytopathology. 2008;98:1075-83 pubmed publisher
    ..from agave in Australia. Phylogenetic analysis supports the conclusion that the Phytophthora sp. isolated from asparagus in Michigan is a distinct species, and has been named Phytophthora asparagi. ..
  75. Khan I, Nisar M, Khan N, Saeed M, Nadeem S, Fazal ur Rehman -, et al. Structural insights to investigate Conypododiol as a dual cholinesterase inhibitor from Asparagus adscendens. Fitoterapia. 2010;81:1020-5 pubmed publisher
    ..This preliminary study highlighted the potential of Conypododiol to be further developed and modified as new lead compound identified by its folk use. ..
  76. Telgmann Rauber A, Jamsari A, Kinney M, Pires J, Jung C. Genetic and physical maps around the sex-determining M-locus of the dioecious plant asparagus. Mol Genet Genomics. 2007;278:221-34 pubmed
    ..Given that asparagus still rarely produces hermaphroditic flowers and has homomorphic sex chromosomes, this species may be an ideal system to further investigates early sex chromosome evolution and the origins of dioecy. ..
  77. Sunada K, Ding X, Utami M, Kawashima Y, Miyama Y, Hashimoto K. Detoxification of phytotoxic compounds by TiO2 photocatalysis in a recycling hydroponic cultivation system of asparagus. J Agric Food Chem. 2008;56:4819-24 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, the yield of asparagus spears was 1.6-fold greater in the photocatalytically treated system, demonstrating the detoxification effect on the phytotoxic compounds and also the killing effect on pathogenic microorganisms. ..
  78. Hewawasam R, Jayatilaka K, Pathirana C. Effect of Asparagus falcatus on acetaminophen toxicity in mice: a comparison of antioxidative effect with N-acetyl cysteine. J Diet Suppl. 2008;5:1-19 pubmed publisher
    ..Mice posttreated with Asparagus showed a significant reduction in MDA formation (P <. 05). These results suggest that the feeding regimen with Asparagus extract inhibited the progression of hepatic injury induced by acetaminophen. ..
  79. Vitte C, Estep M, Leebens Mack J, Bennetzen J. Young, intact and nested retrotransposons are abundant in the onion and asparagus genomes. Ann Bot. 2013;112:881-9 pubmed publisher
    ..In contrast, this current work indicates an ensemble of genomic features similar to those observed in the Poaceae. ..
  80. Agrawal A, Sharma M, Rai S, Singh B, Tiwari M, Chandra R. The effect of the aqueous extract of the roots of Asparagus racemosus on hepatocarcinogenesis initiated by diethylnitrosamine. Phytother Res. 2008;22:1175-82 pubmed publisher
    ..These results prove that the aqueous extract of the roots of Asparagus racemosus has the potential to act as an effective formulation to prevent hepatocarcinogenesis induced by treatment with DEN...
  81. Suzuki G, Ogaki Y, Hokimoto N, Xiao L, Kikuchi Taura A, Harada C, et al. Random BAC FISH of monocot plants reveals differential distribution of repetitive DNA elements in small and large chromosome species. Plant Cell Rep. 2012;31:621-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The BAC FISH of Lycoris did not even show localized repetitive patterns (e.g., centromeric localization) of signals...
  82. Naseri V, Hozhabri F, Kafilzadeh F. Assessment of in vitro digestibility and fermentation parameters of alfalfa hay-based diet following direct incorporation of fenugreek seed (Trigonella foenum) and asparagus root (Asparagus officinalis). J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl). 2013;97:773-84 pubmed publisher
    ..Results suggest that FS and AR may have potential as feed additives to increase the efficiency of nutrients' utilization, particularly of nitrogen in ruminant diets. ..
  83. Krishnamurthy S, Garabadu D, Reddy N. Asparagus racemosus modulates the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and brain monoaminergic systems in rats. Nutr Neurosci. 2013;16:255-61 pubmed publisher
    ..Interestingly, in most brain regions the change in monoaminergic systems was limited by a ceiling effect at a dose of 100 mg/kg. These observations could explain the traditional use of AR as an adaptogen and a functional food. ..
  84. Zhou L, Chen D. Steroidal saponins from the roots of Asparagus filicinus. Steroids. 2008;73:83-7 pubmed
    ..Ham. Their structures were fully elucidated on the basis of detailed spectroscopic study and chemical analysis. ..
  85. Yamamura M, Suzuki S, Hattori T, Umezawa T. Subunit composition of hinokiresinol synthase controls enantiomeric selectivity in hinokiresinol formation. Org Biomol Chem. 2010;8:1106-10 pubmed publisher
    ..6 and (-)-9.0% e.e., respectively. These results clearly demonstrate that the subunit composition of A. officinalis HRS controls not only cis/trans isomerism but also enantioselectivity in hinokiresinol formation. ..
  86. Hassan H, Sule M, Musa A, Musa K, Abubakar M, Hassan A. Anti-inflammatory activity of crude saponin extracts from five Nigerian medicinal plants. Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. 2012;9:250-5 pubmed
    ..These values were found to be comparable to that of ketoprofen-63%. The study showed that the anti-inflammatory properties attributable to these plants may be due to their saponins contents...
  87. Hoda S, Ali A. Images in pathology. Food for thought! Vegetable cells in histopathological sections. Int J Surg Pathol. 2003;11:120 pubmed
  88. Liu C, Xu W, Liu F, Jiang S. Fumonisins production by Fusarium proliferatum strains isolated from asparagus crown. Mycopathologia. 2007;164:127-34 pubmed
    ..This is the first study carried out the fumonisin-producing ability of F. proliferatum strains isolated from asparagus in China. The information obtained is useful for assessing the risk of fumonisins contamination in asparagus spear. ..
  89. Dartsch P. The potential of Asparagus-P to inactivate reactive oxygen radicals. Phytother Res. 2008;22:217-22 pubmed publisher
  90. Jitsuyama Y, Suzuki T, Harada T, Fujikawa S. Loading process of sugars into cabbage petiole and asparagus shoot apex cells by incubation with hypertonic sugar solutions. Protoplasma. 2001;217:205-16 pubmed
  91. Singh R, Bhermi H. Production of extracellular exoinulinase from Kluyveromyces marxianus YS-1 using root tubers of Asparagus officinalis. Bioresour Technol. 2008;99:7418-23 pubmed publisher
    ..0%) under agitation (200rpm) and aeration (0.75vvm) at 30 degrees C after 60h of fermentation. Inulinase yield in bioreactor was almost six times higher than the basal medium used initially in shake flask. ..
  92. Anderson P. The effects of trapping and blade angle of notched dentitions on fracture of biological tissues. J Exp Biol. 2009;212:3627-32 pubmed publisher
    ..The aspects of blade shape most important to the breaking down of foods depend upon the relative stiffness or toughness, as well as other material properties. ..