narcissus

Summary

Summary: A plant genus of the family Amaryllidaceae. Members contain ungiminorine and LECTINS.

Top Publications

  1. Elango S, Yan T. A short synthesis of (+)-narciclasine via a strategy derived from stereocontrolled epoxide formation and SnCl(4)-catalyzed arene-epoxide coupling. J Org Chem. 2002;67:6954-9 pubmed
    A facile construction of the typical framework of narcissus alkaloids has been realized by virtue of the development of a practical route involving stereocontrolled epoxide formation and SnCl(4)-catalyzed arene-epoxide coupling...
  2. van Doorn W, Sinz A, Tomassen M. Daffodil flowers delay senescence in cut Iris flowers. Phytochemistry. 2004;65:571-7 pubmed
    ..Blue Magic) flowers were delayed by placing one cut daffodil flower (Narcissus pseudonarcissus, cv. Carlton) in the same vase...
  3. Zheng H, Chen J, Adams M, Chen J. Complete nucleotide sequence and affinities of the genomic RNA of Narcissus common latent virus (genus Carlavirus). Arch Virol. 2006;151:1667-72 pubmed publisher
    The complete sequence of an isolate of Narcissus common latent virus (NCLV) from Zhangzhou city, Fujian, China was determined from amplified fragments of purified viral RNA...
  4. Lubbe A, Choi Y, Vreeburg P, Verpoorte R. Effect of fertilizers on galanthamine and metabolite profiles in Narcissus bulbs by 1H NMR. J Agric Food Chem. 2011;59:3155-61 pubmed publisher
    b>Narcissus bulbs contain the biologically active alkaloid galanthamine, and Narcissus is being developed as a natural source of the molecule for the pharmaceutical industry...
  5. Liu J, Li Y, Ren W, Hu W. Apoptosis of HL-60 cells induced by extracts from Narcissus tazetta var. chinensis. Cancer Lett. 2006;242:133-40 pubmed
    b>Narcissus tazetta var. chinensis is one member of the Amaryllidaceae family. We found that extracts from N. tazetta var. chinensis (ENT) strongly decreased the survival rate of the following tumor cell lines: HL-60, K562, KT1/A3, and A3R...
  6. Lopez S, Bastida J, Viladomat F, Codina C. Galanthamine pattern in Narcissus confusus plants. Planta Med. 2003;69:1166-8 pubmed
    ..The distribution of galanthamine and four other alkaloids in different organs of Narcissus confusus plants, as well as the variations occurring during the ontogenic cycle of this plant species, was ..
  7. Ooi L, Ho W, Ngai K, Tian L, Chan P, Sun S, et al. Narcissus tazetta lectin shows strong inhibitory effects against respiratory syncytial virus, influenza A (H1N1, H3N2, H5N1) and B viruses. J Biosci. 2010;35:95-103 pubmed
    A mannose-binding lectin (Narcissus tazetta lectin [NTL]) with potent antiviral activity was isolated and purified from the bulbs of the Chinese daffodil Narcissus tazetta var...
  8. Cesaro A, Barrett S, Maurice S, Vaissiere B, Thompson J. An experimental evaluation of self-interference in Narcissus assoanus: functional and evolutionary implications. J Evol Biol. 2004;17:1367-76 pubmed
    ..Here, we use experimental manipulations to investigate self-interference in Narcissus assoanus, a self-incompatible species with a stigma-height dimorphism in which the degree of spatial separation ..
  9. Medrano M, Herrera C. Geographical structuring of genetic diversity across the whole distribution range of Narcissus longispathus, a habitat-specialist, Mediterranean narrow endemic. Ann Bot. 2008;102:183-94 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study an investigation is made of the levels and partitioning of genetic diversity in Narcissus longispathus, a narrow endemic of south-eastern Spanish mountains characterized by a naturally fragmented ..

More Information

Publications100

  1. Barrett S, Cole W, Herrera C. Mating patterns and genetic diversity in the wild daffodil Narcissus longispathus (Amaryllidaceae). Heredity (Edinb). 2004;92:459-65 pubmed
    Despite the importance of Narcissus to ornamental horticulture, there have been no population genetic studies of wild species, many of which have narrow distributions...
  2. Wylie S, Jones M. Complete genome sequences of seven carlavirus and potyvirus isolates from Narcissus and Hippeastrum plants in Australia, and proposals to clarify their naming. Arch Virol. 2012;157:1471-80 pubmed publisher
    ..genome sequences were obtained from two isolates of the carlavirus nerine latent virus from hippeastrum and narcissus plants, two isolates of the potyvirus hippeastrum mosaic virus from a hippeastrum plant, and one isolate each of ..
  3. Lubbe A, Verpoorte R, Choi Y. Effects of fungicides on galanthamine and metabolite profiles in Narcissus bulbs. Plant Physiol Biochem. 2012;58:116-23 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study the effects of diverse fungicides on the metabolism of Narcissus pseudonarcissus cv. Carlton bulbs were investigated. N. pseudonarcissus cv...
  4. Hodgins K, Barrett S. Natural selection on floral traits through male and female function in wild populations of the heterostylous daffodil Narcissus triandrus. Evolution. 2008;62:1751-63 pubmed publisher
    ..flower length, and corona width through both sex functions in natural populations of the tristylous daffodil Narcissus triandrus...
  5. Onofri S, Barreca D, Garuccio I. Effects of lycorine on growth and effects of L-galactonic acid-gamma-lactone on ascorbic acid biosynthesis in strains of Cryptococcus laurentii isolated from Narcissus pseudonarcissus roots and bulbs. Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek. 2003;83:57-61 pubmed
    The alkaloid lycorine, which is considered to inhibit the last step in ascorbic acid biosynthesis, is produced by Narcissus pseudonarcissus. The growth of two strains (C1 and C3) of Cryptococcus laurentii isolated from root tips of N...
  6. Bastida J, Lavilla R, Viladomat F. Chemical and biological aspects of Narcissus alkaloids. Alkaloids Chem Biol. 2006;63:87-179 pubmed
  7. Copete E, Herranz J, Ferrandis P, Baskin C, Baskin J. Physiology, morphology and phenology of seed dormancy break and germination in the endemic Iberian species Narcissus hispanicus (Amaryllidaceae). Ann Bot. 2011;107:1003-16 pubmed publisher
    Only very few studies have been carried out on seed dormancy/germination in the large monocot genus Narcissus. A primary aim of this study was to determine the kind of seed dormancy in Narcissus hispanicus and relate the dormancy ..
  8. Ooi L, Tian L, Su M, Ho W, Sun S, Chung H, et al. Isolation, characterization, molecular cloning and modeling of a new lipid transfer protein with antiviral and antiproliferative activities from Narcissus tazetta. Peptides. 2008;29:2101-9 pubmed publisher
    ..a molecular mass of about 9kDa (designated NTP) was isolated and purified from the bulbs of Chinese daffodil, Narcissus tazetta var. chinensis L...
  9. Marques I, Feliner G, Draper Munt D, Martins Loução M, Aguilar J. Unraveling cryptic reticulate relationships and the origin of orphan hybrid disjunct populations in Narcissus. Evolution. 2010;64:2353-68 pubmed publisher
    ..To unravel the evolutionary history of a controversial hybrid (Narcissus x perezlarae), here we use four approaches: DNA sequences from five regions (four organellar, one nuclear), ..
  10. Pérez Barrales R, Vargas P, Arroyo J. New evidence for the Darwinian hypothesis of heterostyly: breeding systems and pollinators in Narcissus sect. Apodanthi. New Phytol. 2006;171:553-67 pubmed
    ..We studied pollinators, pollen-transfer efficiency, and incompatibility systems in all seven species of Narcissus sect...
  11. Colque R, Viladomat F, Bastida J, Codina C. Improved production of galanthamine and related alkaloids by methyl jasmonate in Narcissus confusus shoot-clumps. Planta Med. 2004;70:1180-8 pubmed
    ..The other elicitors studied did not have any interesting effects on the production of these Amaryllidaceae-type alkaloids...
  12. Marques I, Nieto Feliner G, Martins Loução M, Fuertes Aguilar J. Genome size and base composition variation in natural and experimental Narcissus (Amaryllidaceae) hybrids. Ann Bot. 2012;109:257-64 pubmed publisher
    ..Two natural hybrids, Narcissus × alentejanus (2n = 19) and N. × perezlarae (2n = 29), originated by one progenitor (N...
  13. Lubbe A, Gude H, Verpoorte R, Choi Y. Seasonal accumulation of major alkaloids in organs of pharmaceutical crop Narcissus Carlton. Phytochemistry. 2013;88:43-53 pubmed publisher
    b>Narcissus pseudonarcissus (L.) cv. Carlton is being cultivated as a main source of galanthamine from the bulbs. After galanthamine, haemanthamine and narciclasine are the next most abundant alkaloids in this cultivar...
  14. Wylie S, Li H, Sivasithamparam K, Jones M. Complete genome analysis of three isolates of narcissus late season yellows virus and two of narcissus yellow stripe virus: three species or one?. Arch Virol. 2014;159:1521-5 pubmed publisher
    Complete genome sequences of two new isolates of narcissus late season yellows virus (NLSYV) from Australia were compared with the other NLSYV genome from China and with two complete genomes of isolates designated narcissus yellow stripe ..
  15. Medrano M, Herrera C, Barrett S. Herkogamy and mating patterns in the self-compatible daffodil Narcissus longispathus. Ann Bot. 2005;95:1105-11 pubmed
    Floral design in self-compatible plants can influence mating patterns. This study investigated Narcissus longispathus, a self-compatible bee-pollinated species with wide variation in anther-stigma separation (herkogamy), to determine the ..
  16. Pérez Barrales R, Arroyo J. Pollinator shifts and the loss of style polymorphism in Narcissus papyraceus (Amaryllidaceae). J Evol Biol. 2010;23:1117-28 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Narcissus papyraceus is a style dimorphic species (long -L- and short -S- styled) with isoplethic (1 : 1) and L-..
  17. Lin S, Shen J, Gao F, Cai W, Huang Z, Xie L, et al. Complete genome sequence of narcissus late season yellows virus infecting Chinese narcissus in China. Arch Virol. 2012;157:1821-4 pubmed publisher
    The complete genome sequence of a Chinese narcissus isolate of narcissus late season yellows virus from Zhangzhou, China (NLSYV-ZZ), was determined to be 9,651 nucleotides in length, excluding the 3'-terminal poly (A) tail, by ..
  18. Hodgins K, Barrett S. Population structure and genetic diversity in tristylous Narcissus triandrus: insights from microsatellite and chloroplast DNA variation. Mol Ecol. 2007;16:2317-32 pubmed
    We investigated cpDNA sequence and nuclear microsatellite variation among populations of the wild daffodil Narcissus triandrus to examine the role of historical vs...
  19. Lopez S, Bastida J, Viladomat F, Codina C. Solid-phase extraction and reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography of the five major alkaloids in Narcissus confusus. Phytochem Anal. 2002;13:311-5 pubmed
    ..of five alkaloids (galanthamine, N-formylnorgalanthamine, haemanthamine, homolycorine and tazettine/pretazettine) from bulbs of wild Narcissus confusus, a high galanthamine-containing plant species growing in the Iberian Peninsula.
  20. Shawky E, Abou Donia A, Darwish F, Toaima S, Takla S, Pigni N, et al. HPTLC and GC/MS Study of Amaryllidaceae Alkaloids of Two Narcissus Species. Chem Biodivers. 2015;12:1184-99 pubmed publisher
    In this article, we report on the alkaloid profile and dynamic of alkaloid content and diversity in two Narcissus plants at different stages of development...
  21. Pettit G, Melody N, Herald D, Knight J, Chapuis J. Antineoplastic agents. 550. Synthesis of 10b(s)-epipancratistatin from (+)-narciclasine. J Nat Prod. 2007;70:417-22 pubmed
    By means of a five-step reaction sequence, narciclasine (2a), isolated from Narcissus sp., was converted to 10b(S)-epipancratistatin (3a) in 5.7% overall yield...
  22. Anwar M, Wang G, Wu J, Waheed S, Allan A, Zeng L. Ectopic Overexpression of a Novel R2R3-MYB, NtMYB2 from Chinese Narcissus Represses Anthocyanin Biosynthesis in Tobacco. Molecules. 2018;23: pubmed publisher
    ..In the present study, a R2R3 MYB transcriptional factor NtMYB2 was identified from Chinese narcissus (Narcissus tazetta L. var. Chinensis Roem) and functionally characterized...
  23. Li Y, Deng C, Shang Q, Zhao X, Liu X, Zhou Q. The first complete genome sequence of iris severe mosaic virus. Arch Virol. 2016;161:1069-72 pubmed publisher
    ..acid sequence confirmed that ISMV forms a cluster with shallot yellow stripe virus, Cyrtanthus elatus virus A, narcissus degeneration virus and onion yellow dwarf virus...
  24. Latowski D, Akerlund H, Strzałka K. Violaxanthin de-epoxidase, the xanthophyll cycle enzyme, requires lipid inverted hexagonal structures for its activity. Biochemistry. 2004;43:4417-20 pubmed
    ..The significance of the reversed hexagonal phase domains in the conversion of violaxanthin into zeaxanthin in model systems and in the native thylakoid membranes is discussed. ..
  25. Simón Porcar V, Meagher T, Arroyo J. Disassortative mating prevails in style-dimorphic Narcissus papyraceus despite low reciprocity and compatibility of morphs. Evolution. 2015;69:2276-88 pubmed publisher
    ..We investigated mating patterns, female fecundity, and siring success of style-length morphs in Narcissus papyraceus, a self-incompatible but morph-compatible species with dimorphic (long- and short-styled) and ..
  26. Cao X, Ma F, Xu T, Wang J, Liu S, Li G, et al. Transcriptomic analysis reveals key early events of narciclasine signaling in Arabidopsis root apex. Plant Cell Rep. 2016;35:2381-2401 pubmed
    ..Narciclasine, an amaryllidaceae alkaloid isolated from Narcissus tazetta bulbs, employs a broad range of functions on plant development and growth...
  27. Hu Y, Na X, Li J, Yang L, You J, Liang X, et al. Narciclasine, a potential allelochemical, affects subcellular trafficking of auxin transporter proteins and actin cytoskeleton dynamics in Arabidopsis roots. Planta. 2015;242:1349-60 pubmed publisher
    ..Narciclasine (NCS), an Amaryllidaceae alkaloid isolated from Narcissus tazetta bulbs, has potential allelopathic activity and affects auxin transport...
  28. De Felice B, Manfellotto F, D Alessandro R, De Castro O, Di Maio A, Trifuoggi M. Comparative transcriptional analysis reveals differential gene expression between Sand Daffodil tissues. Genetica. 2013;141:443-52 pubmed publisher
    ..Real time RT-PCR analysis of a set of 8 candidate genes further confirmed the differential gene expression. ..
  29. Li X, Zhang P, Zhang N, Liang X, Wang W, Yuan Q, et al. Secretory Expression and Characterization of Chinese Narcissus GNA-Like Lectin in Pichia pastoris. Appl Biochem Biotechnol. 2017;182:1433-1443 pubmed publisher
    b>Narcissus tazetta lectin (NTL) is a GNA-like lectin, which has a wide potential application in medicine, agriculture, and glycobiology...
  30. Labraña J, Machocho A, Kricsfalusy V, Brun R, Codina C, Viladomat F, et al. Alkaloids from Narcissus angustifolius subsp. transcarpathicus (Amaryllidaceae). Phytochemistry. 2002;60:847-52 pubmed
    Seven alkaloids have been isolated from fresh bulbs of Narcissus angustifolius subsp. transcarpathicus (Amaryllidaceae)...
  31. Matulkova P, Gobin M, Evans M, Parkyn P, Palmer C, Oliver I. Gastro-intestinal poisoning due to consumption of daffodils mistaken for vegetables at commercial markets, Bristol, United Kingdom. Clin Toxicol (Phila). 2012;50:788-90 pubmed publisher
    ..We recommended explicit labelling and positioning of daffodils, away from produce. The supermarket chain introduced graphic 'non-edible' labels. No further patients were reported following action. ..
  32. Gao Z, Zheng B, Wang W, Li Q, Yuan Q. Cloning and functional characterization of a GNA-like lectin from Chinese Narcissus (Narcissus tazetta var. Chinensis Roem). Physiol Plant. 2011;142:193-204 pubmed publisher
    A full-length cDNA encoding Narcissus tazetta lectin (NTL) was isolated from Chinese narcissus (N. tazetta var. Chinensis Roem)...
  33. Hotchandani T, Desgagné Penix I. Heterocyclic Amaryllidaceae Alkaloids: Biosynthesis and Pharmacological Applications. Curr Top Med Chem. 2017;17:418-427 pubmed
    ..alkaloids (AAs), which are natural heterocyclic compounds, are isolated from Amaryllidaceae plants such as narcissus, snowdrop and spider lily. AAs have been extensively studied due to their multiple pharmacological properties...
  34. Bock A, Sparks T, Estrella N, Jee N, Casebow A, Leuchner M, et al. Climate sensitivity and variation in first flowering of 26 Narcissus cultivars. Int J Biometeorol. 2015;59:477-80 pubmed publisher
    The first flowering dates of 26 Narcissus cultivars were recorded over a 27-year period on the island of Guernsey, within the English Channel. We analysed flowering trends over time and relationships with climate variables...
  35. Pigni N, Ríos Ruiz S, Luque F, Viladomat F, Codina C, Bastida J. Wild daffodils of the section Ganymedes from the Iberian Peninsula as a source of mesembrane alkaloids. Phytochemistry. 2013;95:384-93 pubmed publisher
    The aim of this work was to perform a detailed study of the alkaloid content of Narcissus triandrus, as well as a complete analysis of the alkaloid profile of 18 wild populations, comprising all the taxa of the section Ganymedes...
  36. Ohshima K, Nomiyama R, Mitoma S, Honda Y, Yasaka R, Tomimura K. Evolutionary rates and genetic diversities of mixed potyviruses in Narcissus. Infect Genet Evol. 2016;45:213-223 pubmed publisher
    ..Plants of the genus Narcissus are a monocotyledon and are susceptible to several viruses...
  37. Lu G, Zou Q, Guo D, Zhuang X, Yu X, Xiang X, et al. Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation of Narcissus tazzeta var. chinensis. Plant Cell Rep. 2007;26:1585-93 pubmed
    ..In the present study, a protocol was developed for the transformation of Narcissus tazzeta var chinensis using Agrobacterium tumefaciens strain LBA4404 harboring a binary vector pCAMBIA1301 ..
  38. McMorran B, Miceli M, Baum L. Lectin-binding characterizes the healthy human skeletal muscle glycophenotype and identifies disease-specific changes in dystrophic muscle. Glycobiology. 2017;27:1134-1143 pubmed publisher
    ..differentiation of primary and immortalized healthy human muscle cells, we observed increased binding of Narcissus pseudonarcissus agglutinin (NPA), PNA, MAA-II and WFA to myotubes compared to myoblasts...
  39. Heyder P, Gaipl U, Beyer T, Voll R, Kern P, Stach C, et al. Early detection of apoptosis by staining of acid-treated apoptotic cells with FITC-labeled lectin from Narcissus pseudonarcissus. Cytometry A. 2003;55:86-93 pubmed
    ..the detection of early apoptosis by staining of cells with fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-labeled lectin from Narcissus pseudonarcissus (NPn). Apoptosis in cells or in cell lines was induced by various stimuli...
  40. Wylie S, Nouri S, Coutts B, Jones M. Narcissus late season yellows virus and Vallota speciosa virus found infecting domestic and wild populations of Narcissus species in Australia. Arch Virol. 2010;155:1171-4 pubmed publisher
    Isolates of Narcissus late season yellows virus (NLSYV) were identified from domestic and wild Narcissus populations at incidences of 66 and 49%, respectively. NLSYV was also detected in one plant of Clivea miniata...
  41. Barrett S, Harder L. The evolution of polymorphic sexual systems in daffodils (Narcissus). New Phytol. 2005;165:45-53 pubmed
    b>Narcissus, the daffodil genus, exhibits an unusual diversity of sexual systems, with populations that are monomorphic, dimorphic or trimorphic for style length...
  42. Chen H, Chi H, Lin L. Headspace solid-phase microextraction analysis of volatile components in Narcissus tazetta var. chinensis Roem. Molecules. 2013;18:13723-34 pubmed publisher
    The volatile components in single-flowered and double-flowered Chinese narcissus were identified by headspace-solid phase microextraction (HS-SPME) coupled with GC and GC/MS...
  43. Fu K, Li X, Ye J, Lu L, Xu X, Li H, et al. Chemical constituents of Narcissus tazetta var. chinensis and their antioxidant activities. Fitoterapia. 2016;113:110-6 pubmed publisher
    ..new phenylpropanoid (tazettone G, 5), together with six known flavonoids (6-11), were isolated from the bulbs of Narcissus tazetta var. chinensis Roem. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic analysis...
  44. Recchia I, Sparla F, Pupillo P. Photosynthetic properties of spring geophytes assessed by chlorophyll fluorescence analysis. Plant Physiol Biochem. 2017;118:510-518 pubmed publisher
    ..7. Highest photosynthesis rates and KPAR were exhibited by five ephemerals (Eranthis, Erythronium, Narcissus, Scilla, Tulipa) with peak ETRem values equivalent to ?40 ?mol CO2 m-2 s-..
  45. Aziz M, Adnan M, Khan A, Sufyan M, Khan S. Cross-Cultural Analysis of Medicinal Plants commonly used in Ethnoveterinary Practices at South Waziristan Agency and Bajaur Agency, Federally Administrated Tribal Areas (FATA), Pakistan. J Ethnopharmacol. 2018;210:443-468 pubmed publisher
    ..obtuse, Eryngium biehersteinianum, Gossypium arboreum, Narcissus tazetta, Opuntia littoralis, Streblus asper were reported with new ethnoveterinary uses...
  46. Šafratová M, Hostálková A, Hulcová D, Breiterová K, Hrabcová V, Machado M, et al. Alkaloids from Narcissus poeticus cv. Pink Parasol of various structural types and their biological activity. Arch Pharm Res. 2018;41:208-218 pubmed publisher
    ..1-15) of various structural types were isolated by standard chromatographic methods from fresh bulbs of Narcissus poeticus cv. Pink Parasol...
  47. Singh A, Desgagné Penix I. Transcriptome and metabolome profiling of Narcissus pseudonarcissus 'King Alfred' reveal components of Amaryllidaceae alkaloid metabolism. Sci Rep. 2017;7:17356 pubmed publisher
    ..we generated comprehensive metabolomic and corresponding transcriptomic datasets from different tissues of Narcissus pseudonarcissus 'King Alfred'...
  48. Wang R, Zhang Y, Wang Y, Tian H. [Introduction of hexaploid of Chinese narcissus and analysis of its chromosome change]. Fen Zi Xi Bao Sheng Wu Xue Bao. 2007;40:263-70 pubmed
    Anthers of Chinese narcissus (Narcissus tazetta L. var chinesis Roem) were used as explants for callus induction and plant regeneration...
  49. Hodgins K, Barrett S. Mating patterns and demography in the tristylous daffodil Narcissus triandrus. Heredity (Edinb). 2006;96:262-70 pubmed
    ..b>Narcissus triandrus, a wide-ranging heterostylous herb, exhibits populations with either two (dimorphic) or three (..
  50. Gotti R, Fiori J, Bartolini M, Cavrini V. Analysis of Amaryllidaceae alkaloids from Narcissus by GC-MS and capillary electrophoresis. J Pharm Biomed Anal. 2006;42:17-24 pubmed
    ..In the present work, the quali- and quantitative analysis of Amaryllidaceae-type alkaloids in the bulbs of Narcissus species is presented using different analytical approaches. Extracts of Narcissus pseudonarcissus cv...
  51. Raschke M, Fellermeier M, Zenk M. A high-performance liquid chromatography method for the analysis of intermediates of the deoxyxylulose phosphate pathway. Anal Biochem. 2004;335:235-43 pubmed
    ..Chromoplasts isolated from Capsicum annuum and Narcissus pseudonarcissus served as model systems for the testing of the analytical procedures after the application of ..
  52. Pérez Barrales R, Abarca C, Santos Gally R, Schiestl F, Arroyo J. The function of the floral corona in the pollination of a Mediterranean style dimorphic daffodil. Plant Biol (Stuttg). 2017;: pubmed publisher
    b>Narcissus papyraceus is a style dimorphic species with two floral forms, with anthers at similar height and stigmas above (long-styled L) and below (short-styled S) the anther level...
  53. de Jong C, Derks R, Bruyneel B, Niessen W, Irth H. High-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry-based acetylcholinesterase assay for the screening of inhibitors in natural extracts. J Chromatogr A. 2006;1112:303-10 pubmed
    ..12, 0.38, 6.4, 0.46 and 3.2 microM, respectively. The assay was used to effectively identify an AChE inhibitor present in a crude extract of Narcissus c.v. "Bridal Crown".
  54. Haupt H. [Poisonous and less poisonous plants]. Kinderkrankenschwester. 2004;23:23-4 pubmed
  55. Eastham S, Melody N, Orr B, Herald D, McGregor J, Knight J, et al. Isolation and structural modification of 7-deoxynarciclasine and 7-deoxy-trans-dihydronarciclasine. J Nat Prod. 2006;69:7-13 pubmed
    ..The trans ring juncture of isocarbostyril 3a proved to be an important modification of narciclasine (2a) for improving cancer cell growth inhibition in this series. ..
  56. de Andrade J, Pigni N, Torras Claveria L, Berkov S, Codina C, Viladomat F, et al. Bioactive alkaloid extracts from Narcissus broussonetii: mass spectral studies. J Pharm Biomed Anal. 2012;70:13-25 pubmed publisher
    ..In the present work, analytical methods were applied to study the alkaloid profile of Narcissus broussonetii, a plant endemic to North Africa...
  57. Hodgins K, Barrett S. Asymmetrical mating patterns and the evolution of biased style-morph ratios in a tristylous daffodil. Genet Res (Camb). 2008;90:3-15 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we investigate patterns of outcrossed mating through male function in Narcissus triandrus, a tristylous, bee-pollinated wild daffodil from the Iberian Peninsula, to test pollen transfer models ..
  58. Pettit G, Tan R, Bao G, Melody N, Doubek D, Gao S, et al. Antineoplastic agents. 587. Isolation and structure of 3-epipancratistatin from Narcissus cv. Ice Follies. J Nat Prod. 2012;75:771-3 pubmed publisher
    Bioassay-guided (cancer cell line) separation of an extract prepared from Narcissus cv. Ice Follies (from The Netherlands) led to the isolation of a new Amaryllidaceae isocarbostiryl, 3-epipancratistatin (1b), as well as narciclasine (2)...
  59. Chen J, Shi Y, Adams M, Zheng H, Qin B, Chen J. Characterisation of an isolate of Narcissus degeneration virus from Chinese narcissus (Narcissus tazetta var. chinensis). Arch Virol. 2007;152:441-8 pubmed
    A potyvirus from Chinese narcissus was transmitted mechanically to three species of Narcissus and to Lycoris radiata but not to 22 other test species...
  60. Saxon Buri S. Daffodil toxicosis in an adult cat. Can Vet J. 2004;45:248-50 pubmed
    A domestic longhair cat with a 3-day history of lethargy and vomiting after ingesting dried daffodil stems (Narcissus spp.) was severely hypothermic (33.0 degrees C), with bradycardia (78 beats/ min) and hypotension...
  61. Lu H, Wan Q, Wang H, Na X, Wang X, Bi Y. Oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunctions are early events in narciclasine-induced programmed cell death in tobacco Bright Yellow-2 cells. Physiol Plant. 2012;144:48-58 pubmed publisher
    Narciclasine (NCS) is a plant growth inhibitor isolated from the secreted mucilage of Narcissus tazetta bulbs. It is a commonly used anticancer agent in animal systems...
  62. Chen J, Lu Y, Shi Y, Adams M, Chen J. Complete nucleotide sequence of the genomic RNA of Narcissus yellow stripe virus from Chinese narcissus in Zhangzhou city, China. Arch Virol. 2006;151:1673-7 pubmed
  63. Santos Gally R, Gonzalez Voyer A, Arroyo J. Deconstructing heterostyly: the evolutionary role of incompatibility system, pollinators, and floral architecture. Evolution. 2013;67:2072-82 pubmed publisher
    ..from experiments, field observations, and published studies to test whether evolution of style polymorphism in Narcissus is driven by the incompatibility system, pollinator guilds, or floral architecture, within a phylogenetic ..
  64. Waters M, Tiley A, Kramer E, Meerow A, Langdale J, Scotland R. The corona of the daffodil Narcissus bulbocodium shares stamen-like identity and is distinct from the orthodox floral whorls. Plant J. 2013;74:615-25 pubmed publisher
    ..anatomy and molecular studies to clarify the early developmental stages and position of corona initiation in Narcissus bulbocodium...
  65. Chen J, Shi Y, Lu Y, Adams M, Chen J. Narcissus symptomless virus: a new carlavirus of daffodils. Arch Virol. 2006;151:2261-7 pubmed
    A filamentous virus, with particles 600-650 nm long, was purified from Narcissus pseudonarcissus (daffodil) in Hangzhou and an antiserum prepared...
  66. Cima F, Ballarin L, Gasparini F, Burighel P. External amebocytes guard the pharynx entry in a tunicate (Ascidiacea). Dev Comp Immunol. 2006;30:463-72 pubmed
    ..cells and the free amebocytes of the siphons shared: (i) affinity for the alpha-mannose specific agglutinin of Narcissus pseudonarcissus (NPA), (ii) occurrence of hydrolytic activities of acid phosphatase and non-specific esterases ..
  67. Mroczek T, Mazurek J. Pressurized liquid extraction and anticholinesterase activity-based thin-layer chromatography with bioautography of Amaryllidaceae alkaloids. Anal Chim Acta. 2009;633:188-96 pubmed publisher
    ..extraction (PLE) was optimised for extraction of lycorine and galanthamine (Amaryllidaceae alkaloids) from Narcissus jonquilla 'Pipit'...
  68. Lubbe A, Pomahacová B, Choi Y, Verpoorte R. Analysis of metabolic variation and galanthamine content in Narcissus bulbs by 1H NMR. Phytochem Anal. 2010;21:66-72 pubmed publisher
    ..The bulbs of Narcissus pseudonarcissus (Amaryllidaceae) have been identified as a potential source of raw material for galanthamine ..
  69. Pigni N, Berkov S, Elamrani A, Benaissa M, Viladomat F, Codina C, et al. Two new alkaloids from Narcissus serotinus L. Molecules. 2010;15:7083-9 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Narcissus serotinus L...
  70. Mroczek T. Highly efficient, selective and sensitive molecular screening of acetylcholinesterase inhibitors of natural origin by solid-phase extraction-liquid chromatography/electrospray ionisation-octopole-orthogonal acceleration time-of-flight-mass spectromet. J Chromatogr A. 2009;1216:2519-28 pubmed publisher
    ..In this way, more potent than galanthamine AChE inhibitor namely 1,2-dihydrogalanthamine in Narcissus jonquilla 'Pipit' extract could be found (with IC(50) value 0...
  71. Shrestha B, Vertes A. In situ metabolic profiling of single cells by laser ablation electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. Anal Chem. 2009;81:8265-71 pubmed publisher
    ..Metabolic analysis was performed from single cells and small cell populations of Allium cepa and Narcissus pseudonarcissus bulb epidermis, as well as single eggs of Lytechinus pictus. Of the 332 peaks detected for A...
  72. Marques I, Jürgens A, Aguilar J, Feliner G. Convergent recruitment of new pollinators is triggered by independent hybridization events in Narcissus. New Phytol. 2016;210:731-42 pubmed publisher
    ..We tested whether pollinators contributed to isolation between two natural Narcissus hybrids and their progenitors using pollination experiments, observations, plus morphological and floral-..
  73. Bi Y, Guo J, Zhang L, Wong Y. Changes in some enzymes of microbodies and plastid development in excised radish cotyledons: effect of narciclasine. J Plant Physiol. 2003;160:1041-9 pubmed
    Narciclasine (NCS), isolated from mucilage of Narcissus bulb, showed inhibitory effects on growth and plastid development of excised radish cotyledons. NCS (0...
  74. Li X, Jia L, Xu J, Deng X, Wang Y, Zhang W, et al. FT-like NFT1 gene may play a role in flower transition induced by heat accumulation in Narcissus tazetta var. chinensis. Plant Cell Physiol. 2013;54:270-81 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Narcissus tazetta var...
  75. Noy Porat T, Cohen D, Mathew D, Eshel A, Kamenetsky R, Flaishman M. Turned on by heat: differential expression of FT and LFY-like genes in Narcissus tazetta during floral transition. J Exp Bot. 2013;64:3273-84 pubmed publisher
    In Narcissus tazetta, a monocotyledonous bulbous geophyte, floral initiation and differentiation occur within the bulb during the quiescent period in summer, when ambient temperatures are relatively high and the bulb is located ..
  76. Pettit G, Ducki S, Eastham S, Melody N. Antineoplastic agents. 454. Synthesis of the strong cancer cell growth inhibitors trans-dihydronarciclasine and 7-deoxy-trans-dihydronarciclasine (1a). J Nat Prod. 2009;72:1279-82 pubmed publisher
  77. Li X, Shao X, Deng X, Wang Y, Zhang X, Jia L, et al. Necessity of high temperature for the dormancy release of Narcissus tazetta var. chinensis. J Plant Physiol. 2012;169:1340-7 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Narcissus tazetta var. chinensis is characterized by a prolonged period of summer dormancy during the annual cycle...
  78. Chen L, Zhu X, Gu L, Wu J. Efficient callus induction and plant regeneration from anther of Chinese narcissus (Narcissus tazetta L. var. chinensis Roem). Plant Cell Rep. 2005;24:401-7 pubmed
    Callus culture has, to date, been reported only in a few species of Narcissus. We used anthers of Chinese narcissus (Narcissus tazetta L. var. chinensis Roem) as explants for callus induction and plant regeneration...
  79. Newton R, Hay F, Ellis R. Seed development and maturation in early spring-flowering Galanthus nivalis and Narcissus pseudonarcissus continues post-shedding with little evidence of maturation in planta. Ann Bot. 2013;111:945-55 pubmed publisher
    Seeds of the moist temperate woodland species Galanthus nivalis and Narcissus pseudonarcissus, dispersed during spring or early summer, germinated poorly in laboratory tests...
  80. Santos Gally R, Pérez Barrales R, Simón V, Arroyo J. The role of short-tongued insects in floral variation across the range of a style-dimorphic plant. Ann Bot. 2013;111:317-28 pubmed publisher
    ..In Narcissus papyraceus different functional pollinators, incompatibility system and flower morphology have been proposed to ..
  81. Herranz J, Copete E, Copete M, Marquez J, Ferrandis P. Dormancy induction by summer temperatures and/or desiccation in imbibed seeds of trumpet daffodils Narcissus alcaracensis and N. longispathus (Amaryllidaceae). Plant Biol (Stuttg). 2017;19:46-52 pubmed publisher
    ..analysed the effects of summer temperatures (28/14 °C) and/or desiccation (from 48% to 8% humidity) on imbibed Narcissus alcaracensis and N. longispathus seeds with an elongating embryo. In the N...
  82. Lopez S, Armand Ugon M, Bastida J, Viladomat F, Este J, Stewart D, et al. Anti-human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) activity of lectins from Narcissus species. Planta Med. 2003;69:109-12 pubmed
    Mannose-specific lectins (MSLs) were isolated from bulbs of fifteen wild Narcissus species growing in Spain and assayed for their HIV-1 infection inhibitory activity in MT-4 cells and compared to the Narcissus pseudonarcissus agglutinin (..
  83. Morgan R, Flynn J, Sena V, Bull P. Experimental forensic studies of the preservation of pollen in vehicle fires. Sci Justice. 2014;54:141-5 pubmed publisher
    ..These studies demonstrate the value in seeking pollen evidence from even such extreme crime scenes as encountered in vehicular fires. ..
  84. Vrondeli A, Kefalas P, Kokkalou E. A new alkaloid from Narcissus serotinus L. Pharmazie. 2005;60:559-60 pubmed
    ..4-methoxy-5-methyl-1,2,3,5,6,6alphaR-hexahydro-[1,3]dioxolo[4',5':6,7]isochromeno [3,4-c]indol-8-one, has been isolated from Narcissus serotinus L. (Amaryllidaceae) and its structure was elucidated by mass and spectral analysis.
  85. Pigni N, Ríos Ruiz S, Martínez Francés V, Nair J, Viladomat F, Codina C, et al. Alkaloids from Narcissus serotinus. J Nat Prod. 2012;75:1643-7 pubmed
    b>Narcissus serotinus belongs to the Amaryllidaceae family, a group well known for an exclusive variety of alkaloids with interesting biological activities. This study was aimed at identifying the alkaloid constituents of N...
  86. Fellermeier M, Sagner S, Spiteller P, Spiteller M, Zenk M. Early steps of deoxyxylulose phosphate pathway in chromoplasts of higher plants. Phytochemistry. 2003;64:199-207 pubmed
    ..In order to investigate the formation of five carbon intermediates, chromoplasts from Capsicum annuum and Narcissus pseudonarcissus were incubated with isotope-labeled 1-deoxy-D-xylulose 5-phosphate or 2C-methyl-D-erythritol 4-..
  87. Cui Z, Zhang Y, Inoue H, Yogo S, Hirasawa E. Purification and molecular analysis of a monoamine oxidase isolated from Narcissus tazetta. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2013;77:1728-33 pubmed
    Semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidase activity was detected in Narcissus tazetta...
  88. McNulty J, Thorat A, Vurgun N, Nair J, Makaji E, Crankshaw D, et al. Human cytochrome P450 liability studies of trans-dihydronarciclasine: a readily available, potent, and selective cancer cell growth inhibitor. J Nat Prod. 2011;74:106-8 pubmed publisher
    The cytochrome P45O activities of the naturally occurring Amaryllidaceae alkaloid narciclasine (3), isolated from Narcissus pseudonarcissus, and synthetic derivative trans-dihydronarciclasine (5) are reported...
  89. Dumont P, Ingrassia L, Rouzeau S, Ribaucour F, Thomas S, Roland I, et al. The Amaryllidaceae isocarbostyril narciclasine induces apoptosis by activation of the death receptor and/or mitochondrial pathways in cancer cells but not in normal fibroblasts. Neoplasia. 2007;9:766-76 pubmed
    ..Normal human fibroblasts appear approximately 250-fold less sensitive to narciclasine, which does not induce apoptosis in these cells probably due to the absence of death receptor pathway activation...
  90. Kendall A, Bian W, Junn J, McCullough I, Gore D, Stubbs G. Radial density distribution and symmetry of a Potexvirus, narcissus mosaic virus. Virology. 2007;357:158-64 pubmed
    b>Narcissus mosaic virus is a Potexvirus, a member of the Flexiviridae family of filamentous plant viruses...
  91. Hodgins K, Barrett S. Female reproductive success and the evolution of mating-type frequencies in tristylous populations. New Phytol. 2006;171:569-80 pubmed
    ..However, Narcissus triandrus generally exhibits long-styled (L)-biased populations with a deficiency of the mid-styled (M)-morph...