allium

Summary

Summary: A genus of the plant family Amaryllidaceae. Many produce pungent, often bacteriostatic and physiologically active compounds and are used as VEGETABLES; CONDIMENTS; and medicament, the latter in traditional medicine.

Top Publications

  1. Schmitt B, Schulz H, Storsberg J, Keusgen M. Chemical characterization of Allium ursinum L. depending on harvesting time. J Agric Food Chem. 2005;53:7288-94 pubmed
    Sulfur-containing compounds of ramson (Allium ursinum L.) are responsible for its traditional use in terms of culinary and medicinal purposes...
  2. Gao C, Takezaki T, Ding J, Li M, Tajima K. Protective effect of allium vegetables against both esophageal and stomach cancer: a simultaneous case-referent study of a high-epidemic area in Jiangsu Province, China. Jpn J Cancer Res. 1999;90:614-21 pubmed
    To study the relation between allium vegetable intake and cancer of the esophagus (EC) and stomach (SC) in Yangzhong city, which is one of the highest-risk areas for these cancers in Jiangsu province, China, a simultaneous case-referent ..
  3. Setiawan V, Yu G, Lu Q, Lu M, Yu S, Mu L, et al. Allium vegetables and stomach cancer risk in China. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2005;6:387-95 pubmed
    ..Potential protective effects of allium vegetables against cancer have been reported by a few epidemiologic studies in Chinese populations, but the sample ..
  4. Ivanova A, Mikhova B, Najdenski H, Tsvetkova I, Kostova I. Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of wild garlic Allium ursinum of Bulgarian origin. Nat Prod Commun. 2009;4:1059-62 pubmed
    The chemical composition of fresh flowers from Allium ursinum (ramsons, bear's garlic, wild garlic) growing in Bulgaria has been studied...
  5. Mann R, Rouseff R, Smoot J, Castle W, Stelinski L. Sulfur volatiles from Allium spp. affect Asian citrus psyllid, Diaphorina citri Kuwayama (Hemiptera: Psyllidae), response to citrus volatiles. Bull Entomol Res. 2011;101:89-97 pubmed publisher
    ..D. citri generally rely on olfaction and vision for detection of host cues. Plant volatiles from Allium spp. (Alliaceae) are known to repel several arthropod species. We examined the effect of garlic chive (A...
  6. Kubec R, Cody R, Dane A, Musah R, Schraml J, Vattekkatte A, et al. Applications of direct analysis in real time-mass spectrometry (DART-MS) in Allium chemistry. (Z)-butanethial S-oxide and 1-butenyl thiosulfinates and their S-(E)-1-butenylcysteine S-oxide precursor from Allium siculum. J Agric Food Chem. 2010;58:1121-8 pubmed publisher
    ..S-oxide along with several 1-butenyl thiosulfinates was detected by DART mass spectrometry upon cutting Allium siculum , a popular ornamental Allium species used in some cultures as a spice...
  7. Roumagnac P, Gagnevin L, Gardan L, Sutra L, Manceau C, Dickstein E, et al. Polyphasic characterization of xanthomonads isolated from onion, garlic and Welsh onion (Allium spp.) and their relatedness to different Xanthomonas species. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2004;54:15-24 pubmed
    ..However, DNA-DNA hybridization, thermal stability of DNA reassociation and fluorescent amplified fragment length polymorphism analysis allowed the causal agent to be identified as a pathovar of Xanthomonas axonopodis. ..
  8. Pinto J, Rivlin R. Antiproliferative effects of allium derivatives from garlic. J Nutr. 2001;131:1058S-60S pubmed publisher
    There is increasing evidence that allium derivatives from garlic have significant antiproliferative actions on human cancers. Both hormone-responsive and hormone-unresponsive cells lines respond to these derivatives...
  9. Fritsch R, Keusgen M. Occurrence and taxonomic significance of cysteine sulphoxides in the genus Allium L. (Alliaceae). Phytochemistry. 2006;67:1127-35 pubmed
    Methiin was present in all investigated samples. In the genus Allium, methiin-dominated species (rarely used by man) were common, but the occurrence of the other cysteine sulphoxides was variable and was largely correlated with use as ..

More Information

Publications99

  1. Stajner D, Igic R, Popovic B, Malencić D. Comparative study of antioxidant properties of wild growing and cultivated Allium species. Phytother Res. 2008;22:113-7 pubmed
    b>Allium species are cultivated for the edible bulb, which is used mainly as flavoring in foods...
  2. O Donnell G, Poeschl R, Zimhony O, Gunaratnam M, Moreira J, Neidle S, et al. Bioactive pyridine-N-oxide disulfides from Allium stipitatum. J Nat Prod. 2009;72:360-5 pubmed publisher
    From Allium stipitatum, three pyridine-N-oxide alkaloids (1-3) possessing disulfide functional groups were isolated...
  3. Zolfaghari B, Barile E, Capasso R, Izzo A, Sajjadi S, Lanzotti V. The sapogenin atroviolacegenin and its diglycoside atroviolaceoside from Allium atroviolaceum. J Nat Prod. 2006;69:191-5 pubmed
    A phytochemical analysis of broadleaf wild leek, Allium atroviolaceum, has led to the isolation of a new sapogenin, named atroviolacegenin (1, Chart 1), and its diglycoside derivative, named atroviolaceoside (2), both possessing a ..
  4. Ou W, Chen H, Zhong Y, Liu B, Liu S, Chen K. Inhibition of platelet activation and aggregation by furostanol saponins isolated from the bulbs of Allium macrostemon Bunge. Am J Med Sci. 2012;344:261-7 pubmed
    Three new furostanol saponins (FSs) were recently isolated from the dried bulbs of Allium macrostemon and were shown to have antiplatelet effects...
  5. Abdalla F, Bellé L, De Bona K, Bitencourt P, Pigatto A, Moretto M. Allium sativum L. extract prevents methyl mercury-induced cytotoxicity in peripheral blood leukocytes (LS). Food Chem Toxicol. 2010;48:417-21 pubmed publisher
    ..We have examined the protective potential effects of Allium sativum extract (GaE) against Methylmercury (MeHg)-induced cytotoxic effects on human leucocytes under in vitro ..
  6. Chen H, Wang N, Sun H, Yang B, Yao X. Novel furostanol saponins from the bulbs of Allium macrostemon B. and their bioactivity on [Ca2+]i increase induced by KCl. J Asian Nat Prod Res. 2006;8:21-8 pubmed
    Chemical reinvestigation of the ethanol extract of the dried bulbs of Allium macrostemon B. led to the isolation of two novel furostanol saponins, named macrostemonoside M (1) and macrostemonoside N (2), together with six known saponins...
  7. Ceplitis A. The importance of sexual and asexual reproduction in the recent evolution of Allium vineale. Evolution. 2001;55:1581-91 pubmed
    In the weedy plant species Allium vineale (wild garlic), individuals may simultaneously produce sexually and asexually derived offspring, by seed and bulbils, respectively...
  8. Ogra Y, Ishiwata K, Iwashita Y, Suzuki K. Simultaneous speciation of selenium and sulfur species in selenized odorless garlic (Allium sativum L. Shiro) and shallot (Allium ascalonicum) by HPLC-inductively coupled plasma-(octopole reaction system)-mass spectrometry and electrospray ionization. J Chromatogr A. 2005;1093:118-25 pubmed
    The simultaneous speciation of selenium and sulfur in selenized odorless garlic (Allium sativum L...
  9. Nencini C, Franchi G, Micheli L. Cardiovascular receptor binding affinity of aqueous extracts from Allium species. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2010;61:433-9 pubmed publisher
    ..receptors involved in regulating blood pressure and to compare these data with those obtained from wild Allium species. The aqueous extracts of bulbs or leaves of Allium sativum L. (garlic), Allium neapolitanum Cyr...
  10. O Donnell G, Gibbons S. Antibacterial activity of two canthin-6-one alkaloids from Allium neapolitanum. Phytother Res. 2007;21:653-7 pubmed
    ..Compound 3 displayed antimycobacterial activity in the range of 16-32 microg/mL. ..
  11. Lu X, Ross C, Powers J, Aston D, Rasco B. Determination of total phenolic content and antioxidant activity of garlic (Allium sativum) and elephant garlic (Allium ampeloprasum) by attenuated total reflectance-Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy. J Agric Food Chem. 2011;59:5215-21 pubmed publisher
    ..55 mg gallic acid/g FW (FC). Cluster and dendrogram analyses could segregate garlic grown at different locations. Hydroxyl and phenolic functional groups most closely correlated with garlic antioxidant activity. ..
  12. Cooper A, Pinto J. Aminotransferase, L-amino acid oxidase and beta-lyase reactions involving L-cysteine S-conjugates found in allium extracts. Relevance to biological activity?. Biochem Pharmacol. 2005;69:209-20 pubmed
    Several cysteine S-conjugates that occur in extracts of garlic and other plants of the allium family possess anti-oxidant properties, and many, including S-allyl-L-cysteine (SAC) and S-allylmercapto-L-cysteine (SAMC), are promising anti-..
  13. Herman Antosiewicz A, Singh S. Signal transduction pathways leading to cell cycle arrest and apoptosis induction in cancer cells by Allium vegetable-derived organosulfur compounds: a review. Mutat Res. 2004;555:121-31 pubmed
    Epidemiological studies continue to support the premise that dietary intake of Allium vegetables (e.g., garlic, onions and so forth) may lower the risk of various types of cancer...
  14. Nagaki K, Yamamoto M, Yamaji N, Mukai Y, Murata M. Chromosome dynamics visualized with an anti-centromeric histone H3 antibody in Allium. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e51315 pubmed publisher
    Due to the ease with which chromosomes can be observed, the Allium species, and onion in particular, have been familiar materials employed in cytogenetic experiments in biology...
  15. Lazarević J, Ethorđević A, Zlatković B, Radulović N, Palić R. Chemical composition and antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of essential oil of Allium sphaerocephalon L. subsp. sphaerocephalon (Liliaceae) inflorescences. J Sci Food Agric. 2011;91:322-9 pubmed publisher
    b>Allium sphaerocephalon is a wild-growing plant commonly used as an onion substitute. In this study the essential oil obtained from A. sphaerocephalon subsp...
  16. Ma F, Peterson C. Frequencies of plasmodesmata in Allium cepa L. roots: implications for solute transport pathways. J Exp Bot. 2001;52:1051-61 pubmed
    Plasmodesmatal frequencies (PFs) were analysed in Allium cepa L. roots with a mature exodermis (100 mm from the tip)...
  17. Pyun M, Shin S. Antifungal effects of the volatile oils from Allium plants against Trichophyton species and synergism of the oils with ketoconazole. Phytomedicine. 2006;13:394-400 pubmed
    ..antifungal agents from natural products (daily foodstuffs in particular), the activities of essential oils from Allium sativum for. pekinense, A. cepa, and A...
  18. Singh B, Singh B, Singh R, Prakash D, Singh D, Sarma B, et al. Polyphenolics from various extracts/fractions of red onion (Allium cepa) peel with potent antioxidant and antimutagenic activities. Food Chem Toxicol. 2009;47:1161-7 pubmed
    ..This information shows that EA fraction of red onion peel can be used as natural antioxidant in nutraceutical preparations. ..
  19. Ma T, Xu Z, Xu C, McConnell H, Rabago E, Arreola G, et al. The improved Allium/Vicia root tip micronucleus assay for clastogenicity of environmental pollutants. Mutat Res. 1995;334:185-95 pubmed
    ..Although the Allium cepa and Vicia faba root meristem micronucleus assays (Allium/Vicia root MCN) have been used in clastogenicity ..
  20. Liu D, Jiang W, Meng Q, Zou J, Gu J, Zeng M. Cytogenetical and ultrastructural effects of copper on root meristem cells of Allium sativum L. Biocell. 2009;33:25-32 pubmed
    ..exposure times, were applied to investigate both cytogenetical and ultrastructural alterations in garlic (Allium sativum L.) meristem cells...
  21. Fattorusso E, Lanzotti V, Taglialatela Scafati O, Di Rosa M, Ianaro A. Cytotoxic saponins from bulbs of Allium porrum L. J Agric Food Chem. 2000;48:3455-62 pubmed
    An extensive phytochemical analysis of the saponin content has been undertaken on leek, Allium porrum L., sown and collected at different seasons...
  22. NCube B, Finnie J, van Staden J. In vitro antimicrobial synergism within plant extract combinations from three South African medicinal bulbs. J Ethnopharmacol. 2012;139:81-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Tulbaghia violacea, Hypoxis hemerocallidea and Merwilla plumbea are used in South African traditional medicine for the treatment of some infectious diseases and other ailments...
  23. Bhasi A, Senalik D, Simon P, Kumar B, Manikandan V, Philip P, et al. RoBuST: an integrated genomics resource for the root and bulb crop families Apiaceae and Alliaceae. BMC Plant Biol. 2010;10:161 pubmed publisher
    ..RoBuST, available at http://robust.genome.com, provides an integrated platform for researchers to effortlessly explore and analyze genomic data associated with root and bulb vegetables. ..
  24. Ricroch A, Yockteng R, Brown S, Nadot S. Evolution of genome size across some cultivated Allium species. Genome. 2005;48:511-20 pubmed
    b>Allium L. (Alliaceae), a genus of major economic importance, exhibits a great diversity in various morphological characters and particularly in life form, with bulbs and rhizomes...
  25. Ramesar S, Baijnath H, Govender T, Mackraj I. Angiotensin I-converting enzyme inhibitor activity of nutritive plants in KwaZulu-Natal. J Med Food. 2008;11:331-6 pubmed publisher
    ..2% increase in maximum mean arterial pressure when compared to the 14.5% increase observed in the control group after co-administration with exogenous Ang I. ..
  26. Lincoln S, Howell M, Combs J, Hinman D. Hematologic effects and feeding performance in cattle fed cull domestic onions (Allium cepa). J Am Vet Med Assoc. 1992;200:1090-4 pubmed
    ..Addictive onion consumption was prevented by mixing chopped or crushed onions in a total balanced ration...
  27. Celik T, Aslanturk O. Investigation of cytotoxic and genotoxic effects of Ecballium elaterium juice based on Allium test. Methods Find Exp Clin Pharmacol. 2009;31:591-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the potential genotoxic effects of EE fruit juice using the Allium test system. Allium cepa (A...
  28. Lee K, Choi J, Kim D, Son K, Kim W, Kwon S, et al. Constituents and the antitumor principle of Allium victorialis var. platyphyllum. Arch Pharm Res. 2001;24:44-50 pubmed
    To search for cytotoxic components from Allium victorialis, MTT assays on each extract and an isolated component, gitogenin 3-O-lycotetroside, were performed against cancer cell lines...
  29. Chester M, Sykorova E, Fajkus J, Leitch A. Single integration and spread of a Copia-like sequence nested in rDNA intergenic spacers of Allium cernuum (Alliaceae). Cytogenet Genome Res. 2010;129:35-46 pubmed publisher
    The 35S ribosomal DNA (rDNA) intergenic spacer (IGS) of Allium cernuum is examined...
  30. Babu K, Uma Maheswari K. In vivo studies on the effect of Ocimum sanctum L. leaf extract in modifying the genotoxicity induced by chromium and mercury in Allium root meristems. J Environ Biol. 2006;27:93-5 pubmed
    In vivo cytogenetic assay in Allium cepa root tip cells has been carried out to detect the modifying effect of Ocimum sanctum aqueous leaf extract against chromium (Cr) and mercury (Hg) induced genotoxicity...
  31. Zhou Y, Zhuang W, Hu W, Liu G, Wu T, Wu X. Consumption of large amounts of Allium vegetables reduces risk for gastric cancer in a meta-analysis. Gastroenterology. 2011;141:80-9 pubmed publisher
    The chemopreventive effects of Allium vegetables (onions, garlic, shallots, leeks, chives, and so forth) have been studied extensively, although their effect on gastric cancer risk is controversial...
  32. Clement S, Hellier B, Elberson L, Staska R, Evans M. Flies (Diptera: Muscidae: Calliphoridae) are efficient pollinators of Allium ampeloprasum L. (Alliaceae) in field cages. J Econ Entomol. 2007;100:131-5 pubmed
    ..vicina Robineau-Desvoidy (Diptera: Calliphoridae), and different densities of each fly species, to pollinate leek, Allium ampeloprasum L., plant inventory (PI) accessions in field cages for seed yield maximization and high germination...
  33. Gernand D, Golczyk H, Rutten T, Ilnicki T, Houben A, Joachimiak A. Tissue culture triggers chromosome alterations, amplification, and transposition of repeat sequences in Allium fistulosum. Genome. 2007;50:435-42 pubmed
    Structural alterations in nuclei and chromosomes of cells derived from callus culture of Allium fistulosum have been studied with fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) using 5S ribosomal DNA (rDNA), 45S rDNA, and 375-bp repeat probes...
  34. Xie W, Zhang Y, Wang N, Zhou H, Du L, Ma X, et al. Novel effects of macrostemonoside A, a compound from Allium macrostemon Bung, on hyperglycemia, hyperlipidemia, and visceral obesity in high-fat diet-fed C57BL/6 mice. Eur J Pharmacol. 2008;599:159-65 pubmed publisher
    Macrostemonoside A, a newly found compound, is derived from Allium macrostemon Bung. However, investigation into its nature is lacking...
  35. Liu D, Kottke I. Subcellular localization of Cd in the root cells of Allium sativum by electron energy loss spectroscopy. J Biosci. 2003;28:471-8 pubmed
    The ultrastructural investigation of the root cells of Allium sativum L. exposed to three different concentrations of Cd (100 mM, 1 mM and 10 mM) for 9 days was carried out...
  36. Fattorusso E, Iorizzi M, Lanzotti V, Taglialatela Scafati O. Chemical composition of shallot (Allium ascalonicum Hort.). J Agric Food Chem. 2002;50:5686-90 pubmed
    An extensive phytochemical analysis of the polar extracts from bulbs of shallot, Allium ascalonicum Hort...
  37. Guyonnet D, Belloir C, Suschetet M, Siess M, Le Bon A. Antimutagenic activity of organosulfur compounds from Allium is associated with phase II enzyme induction. Mutat Res. 2001;495:135-45 pubmed
    ..This study demonstrated that the antimutagenic activities of OSCs against several ultimate carcinogens were closely related to their ability to induce phase II enzymes...
  38. Shigyo M, Wako T, Kojima A, Yamauchi N, Tashiro Y. Transmission of alien chromosomes from selfed progenies of a complete set of Allium monosomic additions: the development of a reliable method for the maintenance of a monosomic addition set. Genome. 2003;46:1098-103 pubmed
    Selfed progeny of a complete set of Allium fistulosum - Allium cepa monosomic addition lines (2n = 2x + 1 = 17, FF+1A-FF+8A) were produced to examine the transmission rates of respective alien chromosomes...
  39. McCallum J, Baldwin S, Shigyo M, Deng Y, van Heusden S, Pither Joyce M, et al. AlliumMap-A comparative genomics resource for cultivated Allium vegetables. BMC Genomics. 2012;13:168 pubmed publisher
    Vegetables of the genus Allium are widely consumed but remain poorly understood genetically. Genetic mapping has been conducted in intraspecific crosses of onion (Allium cepa L.), A. fistulosum and interspecific crosses between A...
  40. Hiyasat B, Sabha D, Grotzinger K, Kempfert J, Rauwald J, Mohr F, et al. Antiplatelet activity of Allium ursinum and Allium sativum. Pharmacology. 2009;83:197-204 pubmed publisher
    Garlic (Allium sativum) has a well-established reputation as a protective agent against cardiovascular disease, while nearly nothing is known about its cousin Allium ursinum...
  41. Nielsen G, Larsen L, Poll L. Formation of aroma compounds and lipoxygenase (EC 1.13.11.12) activity in unblanched leek (Allium ampeloprasum Var. Bulga) slices during long-term frozen storage. J Agric Food Chem. 2003;51:1970-6 pubmed
    ..129 mg/L, 12M = 0.594 mg/L) at the end of the storage period. The catalytic activity of LOX diminished throughout frozen storage, but approximately 25% of the original activity was present after 12 months of storage...
  42. Picard Y, Roumagnac P, Legrand D, Humeau L, Robène Soustrade I, Chiroleu F, et al. Polyphasic characterization of Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. allii associated with outbreaks of bacterial blight on three Allium species in the Mascarene archipelago. Phytopathology. 2008;98:919-25 pubmed publisher
    Based on the number of new reports during the last two decades, bacterial blight of onion (Allium cepa) is considered an emerging disease. The causal agent, Xanthomonas axonopodis pv...
  43. Munday R, Munday J, Munday C. Comparative effects of mono-, di-, tri-, and tetrasulfides derived from plants of the Allium family: redox cycling in vitro and hemolytic activity and Phase 2 enzyme induction in vivo. Free Radic Biol Med. 2003;34:1200-11 pubmed
    Epidemiological evidence indicates that a high dietary intake of plants of the Allium family, such as garlic and onions, decreases the risk of cancer in humans...
  44. Shirataki Y, Motohashi N, Tani S, Sunaga K, Sakagami H, Satoh K, et al. Antioxidative activity of Allium victorialis L. extracts. Anticancer Res. 2001;21:3331-9 pubmed
    b>Allium victorialis L...
  45. Khrustaleva L, de Melo P, van Heusden A, Kik C. The integration of recombination and physical maps in a large-genome monocot using haploid genome analysis in a trihybrid allium population. Genetics. 2005;169:1673-85 pubmed
    ..We used genotypes from a trihybrid Allium cepa x (A. roylei x A. fistulosum) population...
  46. Li Q, Zhou S, He X, Yu Y, Zhang Y, Wei X. Phylogeny and biogeography of Allium (Amaryllidaceae: Allieae) based on nuclear ribosomal internal transcribed spacer and chloroplast rps16 sequences, focusing on the inclusion of species endemic to China. Ann Bot. 2010;106:709-33 pubmed publisher
    The genus Allium comprises more than 800 species, placing it among the largest monocotyledonous genera. It is a variable group that is spread widely across the Holarctic region...
  47. Vu H, El Sayed M, Ito S, Yamauchi N, Shigyo M. Discovery of a new source of resistance to Fusarium oxysporum, cause of Fusarium wilt in Allium fistulosum, located on chromosome 2 of Allium cepa Aggregatum group. Genome. 2012;55:797-807 pubmed publisher
    This study was carried out to evaluate the antifungal effect of Allium cepa Aggregatum group (shallot) metabolites on Fusarium oxysporum and to determine the shallot chromosome(s) related to Fusarium wilt resistance using a complete set ..
  48. Kyung K. Antimicrobial properties of allium species. Curr Opin Biotechnol. 2012;23:142-7 pubmed publisher
    The antimicrobial activity of Allium species has long been recognized, with allicin, other thiosulfinates, and their transformation products having antimicrobial activity...
  49. Rose P, Whiteman M, Moore P, Zhu Y. Bioactive S-alk(en)yl cysteine sulfoxide metabolites in the genus Allium: the chemistry of potential therapeutic agents. Nat Prod Rep. 2005;22:351-68 pubmed
    ..and are the precursors to the lachrymatory and flavour compounds found in the agronomically important genus Allium. Traditionally, Allium species, particularly the onion (Allium cepa) and garlic (A...
  50. Galeone C, Pelucchi C, Dal Maso L, Negri E, Montella M, Zucchetto A, et al. Allium vegetables intake and endometrial cancer risk. Public Health Nutr. 2009;12:1576-9 pubmed publisher
    The potential role of allium vegetables on endometrial cancer risk has been scarcely investigated and the results of previous Chinese studies are not easily applicable to Western populations...
  51. Polat Z, Vural A, Tepe B, Cetin A. In vitro amoebicidal activity of four Allium species on Acanthamoeba castellanii and their cytotoxic potentials on corneal cells. Parasitol Res. 2007;101:397-402 pubmed
    ..We investigated the in vitro effectiveness of the methanolic extract of four Allium species from Turkey against Acanthamoeba castellanii and its cytotoxicity on corneal cells in vitro...
  52. Kubec R, Krejcová P, Simek P, Vaclavik L, Hajslova J, Schraml J. Precursors and formation of pyrithione and other pyridyl-containing sulfur compounds in drumstick onion, Allium stipitatum. J Agric Food Chem. 2011;59:5763-70 pubmed publisher
    Two novel, structurally unusual cysteine derivatives were isolated from the bulbs of Allium stipitatum (Allium subg. Melanocrommyum) and shown to be S-(2-pyridyl)cysteine N-oxide and S-(2-pyridyl)glutathione N-oxide...
  53. Yaguchi S, McCallum J, Shaw M, Pither Joyce M, Onodera S, Shiomi N, et al. Biochemical and genetic analysis of carbohydrate accumulation in Allium cepa L. Plant Cell Physiol. 2008;49:730-9 pubmed publisher
    Onion and shallot (Allium cepa L.) exhibit wide variation in bulb fructan content, and the Frc locus on chromosome 8 conditions much of this variation...
  54. Block E, Dane A, Thomas S, Cody R. Applications of direct analysis in real time mass spectrometry (DART-MS) in Allium chemistry. 2-propenesulfenic and 2-propenesulfinic acids, diallyl trisulfane S-oxide, and other reactive sulfur compounds from crushed garlic and other Alliums. J Agric Food Chem. 2010;58:4617-25 pubmed publisher
    ..mass spectrometry (DART-MS), 2-propenesulfenic acid, an intermediate long postulated as being formed when garlic ( Allium sativum ) is crushed, has been detected for the first time and determined by mass spectrometric methods to have a ..
  55. Wu L, Cui X, Milne R, Sun Y, Liu J. Multiple autopolyploidizations and range expansion of Allium przewalskianum Regel. (Alliaceae) in the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau. Mol Ecol. 2010;19:1691-704 pubmed publisher
    We used the Allium przewalskianum diploid-tetraploid complex on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau (QTP) as a model to examine how this complex responded to the Quaternary climatic oscillations, and whether multiple autopolyploidizations have ..
  56. Chen H, Wang G, Wang N, Yang M, Wang Z, Wang X, et al. New furostanol saponins from the bulbs of Allium macrostemon Bunge and their cytotoxic activity. Pharmazie. 2007;62:544-8 pubmed
    ..macrostemonoside Q and macrostemonoside R, along with five known compounds, were isolated from the dried bulbs of Allium macrostemon Bunge...
  57. Liu D, Kottke I. Subcellular localization of chromium and nickel in root cells of Allium cepa by EELS and ESI. Cell Biol Toxicol. 2003;19:299-311 pubmed
    The ultrastructural investigation of the root cells of Allium cepa L...
  58. Sengupta A, Ghosh S, Bhattacharjee S. Allium vegetables in cancer prevention: an overview. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2004;5:237-45 pubmed
    The Allium genus includes approximately 500 species. Commonly used allium vegetables include garlic, onion, leeks, chives, scallions which are used all over the world in different delicacies...
  59. Pavlica M, Besendorfer V, Rosa J, Papes D. The cytotoxic effect of wastewater from the phosphoric gypsum depot on common oak (Quercus robur L.) and shallot (Allium cepa var. ascalonicum). Chemosphere. 2000;41:1519-27 pubmed
    ..at cytogenetical level was studied. Allium-test was used as a control...
  60. Moon H. Larvicidal activity of major essential oils from stems of Allium monanthum Maxim. against Aedes aegypti L. J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem. 2011;26:827-30 pubmed publisher
    The stems of Allium monanthum were extracted, and the major essential oil composition and larvicidal effects were studied. The analyses were conducted by gas chromatography and mass spectroscopy revealed that the essential oils of A...
  61. Raji I, Mugabo P, Obikeze K. Effect of Tulbaghia violacea on the blood pressure and heart rate in male spontaneously hypertensive Wistar rats. J Ethnopharmacol. 2012;140:98-106 pubmed publisher
  62. Sung Y, Yoon T, Kim S, Yang W, Kim H. Anti-obesity activity of Allium fistulosum L. extract by down-regulation of the expression of lipogenic genes in high-fat diet-induced obese mice. Mol Med Rep. 2011;4:431-5 pubmed publisher
    This study investigated the anti-obesity activity and underlying mechanism of a 70% ethanol extract from Allium fistulosum L. (AFE) in high-fat diet-induced obese mice...
  63. Hsing A, Chokkalingam A, Gao Y, Madigan M, Deng J, Gridley G, et al. Allium vegetables and risk of prostate cancer: a population-based study. J Natl Cancer Inst. 2002;94:1648-51 pubmed
    Epidemiologic and laboratory studies suggest that allium vegetables and garlic constituents have antitumor effects...
  64. Higuchi O, Tateshita K, Nishimura H. Antioxidative activity of sulfur-containing compounds in Allium species for human low-density lipoprotein (LDL) oxidation in vitro. J Agric Food Chem. 2003;51:7208-14 pubmed
    Sulfur-containing compounds contributing to health promotion in Allium species are produced via enzymic and thermochemical reactions...
  65. Jung S, Lee M, Oh T, Yoon J. Herbaspirillum rhizosphaerae sp. nov., isolated from rhizosphere soil of Allium victorialis var. platyphyllum. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2007;57:2284-8 pubmed
    ..nov. is proposed, with the type strain UMS-37(T) (=KCTC 12558(T) =CIP 108917(T))...
  66. Wierzbicka M, Przedpełska E, Ruzik R, Ouerdane L, Połeć Pawlak K, Jarosz M, et al. Comparison of the toxicity and distribution of cadmium and lead in plant cells. Protoplasma. 2007;231:99-111 pubmed
    ..of heavy metals (Cd, Zn, and Pb) was assessed by in vivo observations of their effect on cytoplasmic streaming in Allium cepa L. bulb scale epidermal cells...
  67. Choi E, Cho Y. Allium vegetable diet can reduce the exercise-induced oxidative stress but does not alter plasma cholesterol profile in rats. Ann Nutr Metab. 2006;50:132-8 pubmed
    This study investigated the effect of Allium vegetable intake on the antioxidative activity and on the plasma cholesterol profile during exercise in rats...
  68. Barile E, Zolfaghari B, Sajjadi S, Lanzotti V. Saponins of Allium elburzense. J Nat Prod. 2004;67:2037-42 pubmed
    A phytochemical investigation of the bulbs of Allium elburzense has been undertaken, leading to the isolation of 13 furostanol and spirostanol saponins, eight of which are new, namely, elburzensosides A1/A2 (1a/1b), B1/B2 (2a/2b), C1/C2 (..
  69. Turkoglu S. Evaluation of genotoxic effects of sodium propionate, calcium propionate and potassium propionate on the root meristem cells of Allium cepa. Food Chem Toxicol. 2008;46:2035-41 pubmed publisher
    ..sodium propionate (SP), calcium propionate (CP) and potassium propionate (PP), on the cytology and DNA content of Allium cepa were investigated...
  70. Jiang W, Liu D. Pb-induced cellular defense system in the root meristematic cells of Allium sativum L. BMC Plant Biol. 2010;10:40 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Allium sativum L. is a potential plant for absorption and accumulation of heavy metals...
  71. Stajner D, Popovic B, Canadanović Brunet J, Stajner M. Antioxidant and scavenger activities of Allium ursinum. Fitoterapia. 2008;79:303-5 pubmed publisher
    The antioxidative properties of bulb, leaf and stalk of Allium ursinum were investigated...
  72. Storsberg J, Schulz H, Keusgen M, Tannous F, Dehmer K, Keller E. Chemical characterization of interspecific hybrids between Allium cepa L. and Allium kermesinum Rchb. J Agric Food Chem. 2004;52:5499-505 pubmed
    Interspecific hybridization between wild and cultivated species of the genus Allium has been performed to generate plant material possessing biochemical properties of both parental plants...
  73. Peumans W, Smeets K, Van Nerum K, Van Leuven F, Van Damme E. Lectin and alliinase are the predominant proteins in nectar from leek (Allium porrum L.) flowers. Planta. 1997;201:298-302 pubmed
    Analysis of nectar from leek (Allium porrum) flowers by SDS-PAGE revealed the presence of two major polypeptide bands of 50 kDa and 13 kDa, respectively...
  74. Hirschegger P, Jakse J, Trontelj P, Bohanec B. Origins of Allium ampeloprasum horticultural groups and a molecular phylogeny of the section Allium (Allium: Alliaceae). Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2010;54:488-97 pubmed publisher
    The subgenus Allium section Allium includes economically important species, such as garlic and leek, as well as other polyploid minor crops. Phylogenetic studies within this section, with a focus on horticultural groups within A...
  75. Barile E, Bonanomi G, Antignani V, Zolfaghari B, Sajjadi S, Scala F, et al. Saponins from Allium minutiflorum with antifungal activity. Phytochemistry. 2007;68:596-603 pubmed
    ..B (2), minutoside C (3), and two known sapogenins, alliogenin and neoagigenin, were isolated from the bulbs of Allium minutiflorum Regel...
  76. Jung S, Lee S, Oh T, Yoon J. Agromyces allii sp. nov., isolated from the rhizosphere of Allium victorialis var. platyphyllum. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2007;57:588-93 pubmed
    ..slightly curved and rod-shaped bacterial strains, UMS-62(T) and UMS-101, were isolated from the rhizosphere of Allium victorialis var. platyphyllum, a variety of wild edible greens grown on Ulleung island, Korea...
  77. Bianchini F, Vainio H. Allium vegetables and organosulfur compounds: do they help prevent cancer?. Environ Health Perspect. 2001;109:893-902 pubmed
    b>Allium vegetables have been shown to have beneficial effects against several diseases, including cancer...
  78. Woo K, Moon E, Park S, Kim S, Lee K. Flavonoid glycosides from the leaves of Allium victorialis var. platyphyllum and their anti-neuroinflammatory effects. Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2012;22:7465-70 pubmed publisher
    ..named allivictoside A-H (1-8), together with twelve known flavonoids (9-20) were isolated from the leaves of Allium victorialis var. platyphyllum...
  79. Tanino K, Kobayashi S, Hyett C, Hamilton K, Liu J, Li B, et al. Allium fistulosum as a novel system to investigate mechanisms of freezing resistance. Physiol Plant. 2013;147:101-11 pubmed publisher
    b>Allium fistulosum was investigated as a novel model system to examine the mechanism of freezing resistance in cold hardy plants...
  80. Benmalek Y, Yahia O, Belkebir A, Fardeau M. Anti-microbial and anti-oxidant activities of Illicium verum, Crataegus oxyacantha ssp monogyna and Allium cepa red and white varieties. Bioengineered. 2013;4:244-8 pubmed publisher
    Illicium verum (badiane or star anise), Crataegus oxyacantha ssp monogyna (hawthorn) and Allium cepa (onion), have traditionnally been used as medicinal plants in Algeria...
  81. Tsukazaki H, Yamashita K, Yaguchi S, Masuzaki S, Fukuoka H, Yonemaru J, et al. Construction of SSR-based chromosome map in bunching onion (Allium fistulosum). Theor Appl Genet. 2008;117:1213-23 pubmed publisher
    We have constructed a linkage map of bunching onion (Allium fistulosum L., 2n = 16) using an F(2) population of 225 plants. The map consists of 17 linkage groups with 212 bunching onion SSR markers and 42 bulb onion (A. cepa L...
  82. Stajner D, Milic N, Canadanović Brunet J, Kapor A, Stajner M, Popovic B. Exploring Allium species as a source of potential medicinal agents. Phytother Res. 2006;20:581-4 pubmed
    It has been shown that Allium species may help to prevent tumor promotion, cardiovascular diseases and aging; all processes that are associated with free radicals. Therefore the Allium species of both cultivated species (Allium nutans L...
  83. Keusgen M, Fritsch R, Hisoriev H, Kurbonova P, Khassanov F. Wild Allium species (Alliaceae) used in folk medicine of Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. J Ethnobiol Ethnomed. 2006;2:18 pubmed
    Hitherto available sources from literature mentioned several wild growing Allium species as "edible" or "medicinally used" but without any further specification.
  84. Jakubowski H. On the health benefits of Allium sp. Nutrition. 2003;19:167-8 pubmed
  85. Fesenko I, Khrustaleva L, Karlov G. [Organization of the 378 bp satellite repeat in terminal heterochromatin of Allium fistulosum]. Genetika. 2002;38:894-903 pubmed
    ..However, some taxa have no such repeats. These are some species of lilies (Lilium) and onions (Allium)...
  86. Antosiewicz D. Analysis of the cell cycle in the root meristem of Allium cepa under the influence of ledakrin. Folia Histochem Cytobiol. 1990;28:79-95 pubmed
    The influence of a polish anticancer drug on the cell cycle using Allium test was studied...
  87. Powolny A, Singh S. Multitargeted prevention and therapy of cancer by diallyl trisulfide and related Allium vegetable-derived organosulfur compounds. Cancer Lett. 2008;269:305-14 pubmed publisher
    b>Allium vegetables, such as garlic, have been used for medicinal purposes throughout the recorded history...
  88. Barile E, Capasso R, Izzo A, Lanzotti V, Sajjadi S, Zolfaghari B. Structure-activity relationships for saponins from Allium hirtifolium and Allium elburzense and their antispasmodic activity. Planta Med. 2005;71:1010-8 pubmed
    A phytochemical study of Allium hirtifolium Boiss flowers has led to the isolation of high amounts of six new furostanol and spirostanol saponins, named hirtifoliosides A1/A2 (1a/ 1b), B (2), C1/C2 ( 3a/ 3b), and D(4) along with three ..
  89. Kubec R, Kim S, McKeon D, Musah R. Isolation of S-n-butylcysteine sulfoxide and six n-butyl-containing thiosulfinates from Allium siculum. J Nat Prod. 2002;65:960-4 pubmed
    Isolation and identification of (S(S)R(C))-S-n-butylcysteine sulfoxide (1) from the bulbs of Allium siculum is reported...
  90. Whanger P, Ip C, Polan C, Uden P, Welbaum G. Tumorigenesis, metabolism, speciation, bioavailability, and tissue deposition of selenium in selenium-enriched ramps (Allium tricoccum). J Agric Food Chem. 2000;48:5723-30 pubmed
    Ramps (Allium tricoccum) were grown either in a mixture of vermiculite and peat moss or hydroponically with various concentrations of selenium as sodium selenate...