Summary: A plant genus of the family ARACEAE. Members contain konjac glucomannan (MANNANS) and SEROTONIN.

Top Publications

  1. Cescutti P, Campa C, Delben F, Rizzo R. Structure of the oligomers obtained by enzymatic hydrolysis of the glucomannan produced by the plant Amorphophallus konjac. Carbohydr Res. 2002;337:2505-11 pubmed
    Dimers and trimers obtained by enzymatic hydrolysis of the glucomannan produced by the plant Amorphophallus konjac were analysed in order to obtain information on the saccharidic sequences present in the polymer...
  2. Fei J, Liao Z, Chai Y, Pang Y, Yao J, Sun X, et al. Molecular cloning and characterization of a novel mannose-binding lectin gene from Amorphophallus konjac. Mol Biol Rep. 2003;30:177-83 pubmed
    A new lectin gene was cloned from Amorphophallus konjac. The full-length cDNA of Amorphophallus konjac agglutinin (aka) was 736 bp and contained a 474 bp open reading frame encoding a 158 amino acid protein...
  3. Yuan Z, Wu D, Zhao Y, Wu H, Li X. [The determination of konjac glucomannan in konjac refined powder and monosaccharide compositions by HPLC]. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2003;28:621-4 pubmed
    ..51. This method is a sample, convenient and rapid method that can determine KGM content and analyze monosaccharide compositions in KGM, which will be helpful to quality assessment of Konjac refined powder. ..
  4. Chua M, Baldwin T, Hocking T, Chan K. Traditional uses and potential health benefits of Amorphophallus konjac K. Koch ex N.E.Br. J Ethnopharmacol. 2010;128:268-78 pubmed publisher
    b>Amorphophallus konjac (konjac) has long been used in China, Japan and South East Asia as a food source and as a traditional medicine...
  5. Shirasu M, Fujioka K, Kakishima S, Nagai S, Tomizawa Y, Tsukaya H, et al. Chemical identity of a rotting animal-like odor emitted from the inflorescence of the titan arum (Amorphophallus titanum). Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2010;74:2550-4 pubmed
    The titan arum, Amorphophallus titanum, is a flowering plant with the largest inflorescence in the world. The flower emits a unique rotting animal-like odor that attracts insects for pollination...
  6. Fujioka K, Shirasu M, Manome Y, Ito N, Kakishima S, Minami T, et al. Objective display and discrimination of floral odors from Amorphophallus titanum, bloomed on different dates and at different locations, using an electronic nose. Sensors (Basel). 2012;12:2152-61 pubmed publisher
    ..In this method, Amorphophallus titanum flowers, which emit a strong carrion smell, could objectively be described using an electronic nose, ..
  7. Deng Y, Zhu Y, Wang P, Zhu L, Zheng J, Li R, et al. Complete genome sequence of Bacillus subtilis BSn5, an endophytic bacterium of Amorphophallus konjac with antimicrobial activity for the plant pathogen Erwinia carotovora subsp. carotovora. J Bacteriol. 2011;193:2070-1 pubmed publisher
    Here, we present the complete genome sequence of Bacillus subtilis strain BSn5, isolated from Amorphophallus konjac calli tissue and showing strong inhibitory activity to Erwinia carotovora subsp...
  8. Das D, Mondal S, Roy S, Maiti D, Bhunia B, Maiti T, et al. Isolation and characterization of a heteropolysaccharide from the corm of Amorphophallus campanulatus. Carbohydr Res. 2009;344:2581-5 pubmed publisher
    A water-soluble polysaccharide isolated from the aqueous extract of the corm of Amorphophallus campanulatus was found to contain D-galactose, D-glucose, 4-O-acyl-D-methyl galacturonate, and l-arabinose in a molar ratio 2:1:1:1...
  9. Grob G, Gravendeel B, Eurlings M. Potential phylogenetic utility of the nuclear FLORICAULA/LEAFY second intron: comparison with three chloroplast DNA regions in Amorphophallus (Araceae). Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2004;30:13-23 pubmed
    ..As an example, the phylogeny of 46 Amorphophallus, two Pseudodracontium, and four outgroup species is reconstructed using maximum parsimony and maximum ..

More Information


  1. Shilpi J, Ray P, Sarder M, Uddin S. Analgesic activity of Amorphophallus campanulatus tuber. Fitoterapia. 2005;76:367-9 pubmed
    The methanol extract of Amorphophallus campanulatus tuber, given orally at the doses of 250 and 500 mg/kg, showed significant analgesic activity in mice.
  2. Tembe S, Kubal B, Karve M, D Souza S. Glutaraldehyde activated eggshell membrane for immobilization of tyrosinase from Amorphophallus companulatus: application in construction of electrochemical biosensor for dopamine. Anal Chim Acta. 2008;612:212-7 pubmed publisher
    Tyrosinase from a plant source Amorphophallus companulatus was immobilized on eggshell membrane using glutaraldehyde...
  3. Vasques C, Rossetto S, Halmenschlager G, Linden R, Heckler E, Fernandez M, et al. Evaluation of the pharmacotherapeutic efficacy of Garcinia cambogia plus Amorphophallus konjac for the treatment of obesity. Phytother Res. 2008;22:1135-40 pubmed publisher
    ..Glucomannan fibers, abundant in Amorphophallus konjac, seem to reduce the absorption kinetics of dietary fat...
  4. Zheng X, Pan C, Diao Y, You Y, Yang C, Hu Z. Development of microsatellite markers by transcriptome sequencing in two species of Amorphophallus (Araceae). BMC Genomics. 2013;14:490 pubmed publisher
    b>Amorphophallus is a genus of perennial plants widely distributed in the tropics or subtropics of West Africa and South Asia...
  5. Pan C, You Y, Diao Y, Hu Z, Chen J. Isolation and characterization of microsatellite loci for the herbaceous tuber crop, Amorphophallus konjac (Araceae). Genet Mol Res. 2012;11:4617-21 pubmed publisher
    b>Amorphophallus konjac is an herbaceous tuber crop with tremendous potential for commercial development. We report the development of microsatellite primers for this important crop species...
  6. Gille S, Cheng K, Skinner M, Liepman A, Wilkerson C, Pauly M. Deep sequencing of voodoo lily (Amorphophallus konjac): an approach to identify relevant genes involved in the synthesis of the hemicellulose glucomannan. Planta. 2011;234:515-26 pubmed publisher
    A Roche 454 cDNA deep sequencing experiment was performed on a developing corm of Amorphophallus konjac--also known as voodoo lily...
  7. Li B, Xia J, Wang Y, Xie B. Grain-size effect on the structure and antiobesity activity of konjac flour. J Agric Food Chem. 2005;53:7404-7 pubmed
    ..05), which meant the grain-size effect of konjac flour improved its antiobesity activity notably. ..
  8. Liu F, Luo X, Lin X. Adsorption of tannin from aqueous solution by deacetylated konjac glucomannan. J Hazard Mater. 2010;178:844-50 pubmed publisher
    ..Adsorption mechanism was confirmed that the interaction of DKGM and tannin was through hydrogen bonding. It was also observed that DKGM possesses excellent reusability for tannin removal. ..
  9. Ansil P, Prabha S, Nitha A, Latha M. Chemopreventive effect of Amorphophallus campanulatus (Roxb.) blume tuber against aberrant crypt foci and cell proliferation in 1, 2-dimethylhydrazine induced colon carcinogenesis. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2013;14:5331-9 pubmed
    ..This study investigated the effects of Amorphophallus campanulatus tuber methanolic extract (ACME) on aberrant crypt foci (ACF) formation, colonic cell ..
  10. Anjanadevi I, John N, John K, Jeeva M, Misra R. Rock inhabiting potassium solubilizing bacteria from Kerala, India: characterization and possibility in chemical K fertilizer substitution. J Basic Microbiol. 2016;56:67-77 pubmed publisher
    ..A field level evaluation on the yield of a high K demanding tuberous vegetable crop, elephant foot yam (Amorphophallus paeoniifolius (dennst...
  11. Kite G, Hetterscheid W. Phylogenetic trends in the evolution of inflorescence odours in Amorphophallus. Phytochemistry. 2017;142:126-142 pubmed publisher
    The chemical composition of inflorescence odours of 80 species of Amorphophallus (Araceae) were determined by headspace-thermal desorption GC-MS...
  12. Jian W, Sun Y, Huang H, Yang Y, Peng S, Xiong B, et al. Study on preparation and separation of Konjac oligosaccharides. Carbohydr Polym. 2013;92:1218-24 pubmed publisher
    ..In conclusion, the combination of ?-irradiation and ?-mannanase was an efficient method to obtain Konjac oligosaccharides, and the oligosaccharides of molecular mass lower than 1000 Da could be effectively separated by ultrafiltration. ..
  13. Ridout M, Cairns P, Brownsey G, Morris V. Synergistic interactions between the genetically modified bacterial polysaccharide P2 and carob or konjac mannan. Carbohydr Res. 2004;339:2233-9 pubmed
    ..The former site of acetylation inhibits helix formation for P2. It is suggested that this site of acetylation also inhibits formation of the mixed helix, explaining the enhanced gelation of mixtures on deacetylation. ..
  14. Triki M, Herrero A, Jimenez Colmenero F, Ruiz Capillas C. Storage stability of low-fat sodium reduced fresh merguez sausage prepared with olive oil in konjac gel matrix. Meat Sci. 2013;94:438-46 pubmed publisher
    ..Low microbiota growth rate and biogenic amines were attributed mainly to the presence of sodium metabisulphite. This preservative could be used in the reformulation to enhance safety and/or extend the shelf-life of this type of product. ..
  15. Chen G, Ma X, Jürgens A, Lu J, Liu E, Sun W, et al. Mimicking Livor Mortis: a Well-Known but Unsubstantiated Color Profile in Sapromyiophily. J Chem Ecol. 2015;41:808-15 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, we analyzed fetid floral odor, floral pigment composition, and reflectance of an Amorphophallus konjac C...
  16. Yanuriati A, Marseno D, Rochmadi -, Harmayani E. Characteristics of glucomannan isolated from fresh tuber of Porang (Amorphophallus muelleri Blume). Carbohydr Polym. 2017;156:56-63 pubmed publisher
    ..57% and 0.31%, respectively, with no starch content. Water holding capacity (WHC) of EtOH7 glucomannan significantly enhanced, whereas its solubility was lower than those of PKG due to its ungrounded native granular form. ..
  17. Onishi N, Kawamoto S, Suzuki H, Hide M, Ono K. Development of autoantibody responses in NC/Nga mice: its prevention by pulverized konjac glucomannan feeding. Arch Dermatol Res. 2008;300:95-9 pubmed
    ..Our results imply the possible involvement of autoimmunity on the pathogenesis of dermatitis and hyper-IgE syndrome in NC/Nga mice. PKGM might be effective in preventing autoimmune responses in AD. ..
  18. Hetterscheid W, Claudel C. Endemic Amorphophallus (Araceae) from Madagascar: a revised key, a new species and molecular phylogeny. Bot Stud. 2014;55:2 pubmed publisher
    Since the revision of Amorphophallus of Madagascar (Bot Jahrb Syst 121(1):1-17, 1999) several additional new species have been described...
  19. Liu Q, Yang P, Luo H, Shi P, Huang H, Meng K, et al. A Novel endo-1,4-?-mannanase from Bispora antennata with good adaptation and stability over a broad pH range. Appl Biochem Biotechnol. 2012;166:1442-53 pubmed publisher
    ..By virtue of the favorable properties of MAN5, it is possible to apply this enzyme in the paper and food industries. ..
  20. Hu J, Liu J, Yan H, Xie C. Histological observations of morphogenesis in petiole derived callus of Amorphophallus rivieri Durieu in vitro. Plant Cell Rep. 2005;24:642-8 pubmed
    ..of somatic embryos and organogenic shoots and corm-like structures (CLSs) from petiole-derived calli of Amorphophallus rivieri Durieu were observed histologically...
  21. Wen X, Wang T, Wang Z, Li L, Zhao C. Preparation of konjac glucomannan hydrogels as DNA-controlled release matrix. Int J Biol Macromol. 2008;42:256-63 pubmed publisher
    ..This study suggested that the KGM hydrogels have a potential use for advanced controlled release. ..
  22. Paranjpe P, Karve M, Padhye S. Characterization of tyrosinase and accompanying laccase from Amorphophallus campanulatus. Indian J Biochem Biophys. 2003;40:40-5 pubmed
    Tyrosinase and laccase activities were detected in the corm of Amorphophallus campanulatus after extraction with ethanol followed by ammonium sulphate precipitation (20-60%) and dialysis against 10 mM Na2HPO4 buffer at pH 7.0...
  23. Behera S, Ray R. Konjac glucomannan, a promising polysaccharide of Amorphophallus konjac K. Koch in health care. Int J Biol Macromol. 2016;92:942-956 pubmed publisher
    ..Moreover, this review deals with global health aspects of KGM and the disparate health related factors associated with diseases and their control measures. ..
  24. Ansil P, Nitha A, Prabha S, Wills P, Jazaira V, Latha M. Protective effect of Amorphophallus campanulatus (Roxb.) Blume. tuber against thioacetamide induced oxidative stress in rats. Asian Pac J Trop Med. 2011;4:870-7 pubmed publisher
    To identify the phytochemical constituents of Amorphophallus campanulatus (A. campanulatus) tuber and to evaluate its antioxidant potential through in vitro and in vivo models...
  25. Zhou Y, Chen L, Chai X, Yu Z, Sun M. [Isolation of endophytic antagonistic bacterium from Amorphophallus konjac and research on its antibacterial metabolite]. Wei Sheng Wu Xue Bao. 2007;47:1076-9 pubmed
    An endophytic antagonistic bacterium was isolated from Amorphophallus konjac calli. In order to identify this bacterium, 16S rDNA was amplified and partially sequenced...
  26. Park D, Lee Y, Chang J, Fang S, Choi Y. An ?-1,4-xylanase with exo-enzyme activity produced by Paenibacillus xylanilyticus KJ-03 and its cloning and characterization. J Microbiol Biotechnol. 2013;23:397-404 pubmed
    Paenibacillus xylanilyticus KJ-03 was isolated from soil samples obtained from a field with Amorphophallus konjac plants. A gene encoding xylanase was isolated from KJ-03 and cloned using a fosmid library...
  27. Ruiz Capillas C, Triki M, Herrero A, Rodríguez Salas L, Jimenez Colmenero F. Konjac gel as pork backfat replacer in dry fermented sausages: processing and quality characteristics. Meat Sci. 2012;92:144-50 pubmed publisher
    ..05) in cohesiveness. No differences were appreciated (P>0.05) in the presence of microorganisms as a result of the reformulation. The sensory panel considered that NF and RF products had acceptable sensory characteristics. ..
  28. Yuan Z, Wu D, Wu H, Li X. [Studies on ultrasonic wave extracting method determining konjac glucomannanin konjac refined powder]. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2003;28:324-7 pubmed
    ..2-1.6 mg. The average recovery was 97.8%, RSD of repeatability was 1.27%. Ultrasonic extraction in aqueous solution is a reliable and rapid method that can enhance extraction efficiency of KGM in Konjac refined powder. ..
  29. Ruiz Capillas C, Triki M, Herrero A, Jimenez Colmenero F. Biogenic amines in low- and reduced-fat dry fermented sausages formulated with konjac gel. J Agric Food Chem. 2012;60:9242-8 pubmed publisher
    ..This can also be seen for spermine, with agmatine showing the inverse. The biogenic amine levels in these products reformulated with KG are not considered to pose a health risk to consumers. ..
  30. Lin J, Zhong J, Wang S. [Effect of konjac polysaccharide on levels of leptin and Na+ -K+-ATPase of mice treated with high fat]. Wei Sheng Yan Jiu. 2009;38:207-9 pubmed
    ..05). Konjac polysaccharide could decrease level of body weight, postprandial blood glucose, serum leptin and intestinal mucosa Na -K+-ATPase activity of mice treated with high fat. ..
  31. Kamala S, Makeshkumar T. Rapid and sensitive detection of Dasheen mosaic virus infecting elephant foot yam by reverse transcription loop mediated isothermal amplification of coat protein gene. J Virol Methods. 2015;222:106-9 pubmed publisher
    Dasheen mosaic virus (DsMV), the pathogen causing mosaic disease of elephant foot yam (Amorphophallus paeoniifoilius) is disseminated mainly through vegetative propagation of the tubers...
  32. Wang R, Xia B, Li B, Peng S, Ding L, Zhang S. Semi-permeable nanocapsules of konjac glucomannan-chitosan for enzyme immobilization. Int J Pharm. 2008;364:102-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The results indicated the immobilized enzyme has better stability and activity in contrast to the native enzyme. These studies may supply a new material for the immobilization of pH and temperature-sensitive enzyme. ..
  33. Chen H, Sheu W, Tai T, Liaw Y, Chen Y. Konjac supplement alleviated hypercholesterolemia and hyperglycemia in type 2 diabetic subjects--a randomized double-blind trial. J Am Coll Nutr. 2003;22:36-42 pubmed
    ..KGM could be an adjunct for the treatment of hyperlipidemic diabetic subjects. ..
  34. Zhu G, Zhang Y, Liu J. [Studies on drug release from aminophylline konjac glucomannan matrix tablet]. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2007;32:2236-9 pubmed
    ..In vitro aminophylline release from matrix tablets with konjac glucomannan (KGM) were studied to elevate the feasibility of KGM used as carrier materials to prepare matrix tablets...
  35. Lu X, Chen X, Fu D, Cong W, Ouyang F. Effect of Amorphophallus Konjac oligosaccharides on STZ-induced diabetes model of isolated islets. Life Sci. 2002;72:711-9 pubmed
    Three oligosaccharide fractions from the root of Amorphophallus Konjac, which was reported with hypoglycemic effects on diabetes subjects, were isolated and studied using the STZ-treated diabetes model...
  36. Zhang M, Chen X, Zhang Z, Sun C, Chen L, He H, et al. Purification and functional characterization of endo-beta-mannanase MAN5 and its application in oligosaccharide production from konjac flour. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2009;83:865-73 pubmed publisher
    ..With MAN5, konjac flour can be utilized to generate high value-added oligosaccharides. The high effectiveness and cheapness of this technique indicates its potential in industry. ..
    The present investigation deals with the assessment of neuroprotective effect Amorphophallus campanulatus (AC) tuber in alzheimer diseased (AD) rat and also postulates its possible mechanism of action...
  38. Jin W, Mei T, Wang Y, Xu W, Li J, Zhou B, et al. Synergistic degradation of konjac glucomannan by alkaline and thermal method. Carbohydr Polym. 2014;99:270-7 pubmed publisher
    ..2) and low temperature condition (25 °C). Finally, rheology parameters showed alkaline-thermal degradation is a promising way that can be applied in practice to degrade KGM. ..
  39. Young W, Roy N, Lee J, Lawley B, Otter D, Henderson G, et al. Bowel microbiota moderate host physiological responses to dietary konjac in weanling rats. J Nutr. 2013;143:1052-60 pubmed publisher
    ..This response was reduced by the presence of the bowel microbiota, which therefore ameliorated potentially detrimental effects of dietary KJ. ..
  40. Alvarez Manceñido F, Landin M, Lacik I, Martinez Pacheco R. Konjac glucomannan and konjac glucomannan/xanthan gum mixtures as excipients for controlled drug delivery systems. Diffusion of small drugs. Int J Pharm. 2008;349:11-8 pubmed
    ..These results point out the potential of mixtures of some KGM types with XG to develop delivery systems capable of maintaining physical integrity and drug release control for up to 8-h period. ..
  41. Kitamoto N, Kato Y, Ohnaka T, Yokota M, Tanaka T, Tsuji K. Bactericidal effects of konjac fluid on several food-poisoning bacteria. J Food Prot. 2003;66:1822-31 pubmed
  42. Salcedo Sandoval L, Cofrades S, Ruiz Capillas Pérez C, Solas M, Jimenez Colmenero F. Healthier oils stabilized in konjac matrix as fat replacers in n-3 PUFA enriched frankfurters. Meat Sci. 2013;93:757-66 pubmed publisher
    ..6 g of ALA/100 g and more than 80 mg of the sum of EPA plus DHA per 100 g, respectively. Chill storage over 40days generally had little effect on the technological characteristics of frankfurters. ..
  43. Dey Y, Wanjari M, Kumar D, Lomash V, Jadhav A. Curative effect of Amorphophallus paeoniifolius tuber on experimental hemorrhoids in rats. J Ethnopharmacol. 2016;192:183-191 pubmed publisher
    b>Amorphophallus paeoniifolius (Dennst.) Nicolson (Family- Araceae) is a crop of south East Asian origin. In India, its tuber is widely used in ethnomedicinal practices by different tribes for the treatment of piles (hemorrhoids)...
  44. Jimenez Colmenero F, Cofrades S, López López I, Ruiz Capillas C, Pintado T, Solas M. Technological and sensory characteristics of reduced/low-fat, low-salt frankfurters as affected by the addition of konjac and seaweed. Meat Sci. 2010;84:356-63 pubmed publisher
    ..Incorporation of a combination of Sea Spaghetti/konjac gel caused the formation of a more heterogeneous structure, in which the seaweed was integrated in the meat protein matrix. ..
  45. Mao C, Xie M, Gu Z. Effects of konjac extract on insulin sensitivity in high fat diet rats. Acta Pharmacol Sin. 2002;23:855-9 pubmed
    ..1+/-0.5, 5.9+/-0.6, and 6.5+/-0.8 vs 5.2+/-0.9, P<0.05), elevate glycogen, and decrease TG in liver and skeletal muscle. KE could promote glycogen syntheses and adjust blood lipid metabolism so as to improve IR in HFD rats. ..
  46. Delgado Pando G, Cofrades S, Ruiz Capillas C, Triki M, Jimenez Colmenero F. Low-fat pork liver pâtés enriched with n-3 PUFA/konjac gel: dynamic rheological properties and technological behaviour during chill storage. Meat Sci. 2012;92:44-52 pubmed publisher
    ..The results suggest that the replacement of pork back fat by oil-in-water emulsion and the incorporation of konjac gel could provide a mixture of ingredients that effectively mimics the normal animal fat content in pâtés. ..
  47. Kimata H. Improvement of atopic dermatitis and reduction of skin allergic responses by oral intake of konjac ceramide. Pediatr Dermatol. 2006;23:386-9 pubmed
    ..Collectively, oral intake of konjac ceramide improved skin symptoms and reduced allergic responses with concomitant skewing of the cytokine pattern towards the Th1 type. ..
  48. Shahbuddin M, Shahbuddin D, Bullock A, Ibrahim H, Rimmer S, MacNeil S. High molecular weight plant heteropolysaccharides stimulate fibroblasts but inhibit keratinocytes. Carbohydr Res. 2013;375:90-9 pubmed publisher
    ..polysaccharide of ?(1-4)-D-glucomannopyranosyl backbone of D-mannose and D-glucose derived from the tuber of Amorphophallus konjac C. Koch. KGM has been reported to have a wide range of activities including wound healing...
  49. Briones A, Ambal W, Estrella R, Pangilinan R, De Vera C, Pacis R, et al. Tensile and tear strength of carrageenan film from Philippine eucheuma species. Mar Biotechnol (NY). 2004;6:148-51 pubmed
    ..Morphologic studies showed that the carrageenan film had sets of pores distributed randomly at different places as compared to LDPE film. It also showed that the carrageenan film was more fibrous than LDPE film. ..
  50. Delgado Pando G, Cofrades S, Ruiz Capillas C, Triki M, Jimenez Colmenero F. Enriched n-3 PUFA/konjac gel low-fat pork liver pâté: lipid oxidation, microbiological properties and biogenic amine formation during chilling storage. Meat Sci. 2012;92:762-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Biogenic amine contents of products (the sum of initial concentrations and amines formed during storage) varied according to the type of BA but were far below levels that could constitute a consumer health hazard. ..
  51. Delgado Pando G, Cofrades S, Rodríguez Salas L, Jimenez Colmenero F. A healthier oil combination and konjac gel as functional ingredients in low-fat pork liver pâté. Meat Sci. 2011;88:241-8 pubmed publisher
    ..No microbiological limitations were produced by the reformulation process, obtaining pâtés with acceptable sensory characteristics, similar to the control sample. ..
  52. Li T, Wei W, Shao W, Chen B, Huang Y. Lead and other elemental content of normal and Erwinia carotovora infected Amorphallus konjac corms. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol. 2010;84:744-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Our study suggested that the infected corms are not suitable for food purpose...
  53. Angayarkanni J, Ramkumar K, Priyadharshini U, Ravendran P. Antioxidant potential of Amorphophallus paeoniifolius in relation to their phenolic content. Pharm Biol. 2010;48:659-65 pubmed publisher
    The present study evaluates the antioxidative and radical scavenging potential of the tuber extract of Amorphophallus paeoniifolius (Dennst.) Nicolson, (Araceae). The ethanol extract of A...