Summary: A family of mainly aromatic evergreen plants in the order Laurales. The laurel family includes 2,200 species in 45 genera and from these are derived medicinal extracts, essential oils, camphor and other products.

Top Publications

  1. Adeyemi O, Okpo S, Ogunti O. Analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects of the aqueous extract of leaves of Persea americana mill (lauraceae). Fitoterapia. 2002;73:375-80 pubmed
    ..The extract also produced a dose-dependent inhibition of carrageenan-induced rat paw oedema. The results obtained indicate that the extract possesses analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects...
  2. Sousa F, Melo C, Monteiro A, Lima V, Gutierrez S, Pereira B, et al. Antianxiety and antidepressant effects of riparin III from Aniba riparia (Nees) Mez (Lauraceae) in mice. Pharmacol Biochem Behav. 2004;78:27-33 pubmed
    ..In the forced swimming test, both doses of riparin III decreased the immobility time. These results showed that riparin III potentiated the barbiturate-induced sleeping time and presented antidepressant- and anxiolytic-like effects...
  3. Ramos C, Teixeira B, Batista I, Matos O, Serrano C, Neng N, et al. Antioxidant and antibacterial activity of essential oil and extracts of bay laurel Laurus nobilis Linnaeus (Lauraceae) from Portugal. Nat Prod Res. 2012;26:518-29 pubmed publisher
    ..The results show that bay laurel EO and its EX have potential as natural alternatives to synthetic food preservatives, in order to enhance food safety and increase food shelf life...
  4. Melo C, de Carvalho A, Moura B, Teixeira C, Vasconcelos L, Feitosa M, et al. Evidence for the involvement of the serotonergic, noradrenergic, and dopaminergic systems in the antidepressant-like action of riparin III obtained from Aniba riparia (Nees) Mez (Lauraceae) in mice. Fundam Clin Pharmacol. 2013;27:104-12 pubmed publisher
  5. Cavalheiro A, Yoshida M. 6-[omega-arylalkenyl]-5,6-dihydro-alpha-pyrones from Cryptocarya moschata (Lauraceae). Phytochemistry. 2000;53:811-9 pubmed
    ..and cryptopyranmoscatones A1, A2, A3, B1, B2 and B4, in addition to goniothalamin and cryptofolione, were isolated from branch and stem bark of Cryptocarya moschata, Lauraceae. Their structures were established by spectroscopic methods.
  6. Simic A, Soković M, Ristic M, Grujic Jovanovic S, Vukojevic J, Marin P. The chemical composition of some Lauraceae essential oils and their antifungal activities. Phytother Res. 2004;18:713-7 pubmed
    ..nobilis. In sassafras essential oil safrole was the major component and in the oil of C. zeylanicum the main component was trans-cinnamaldehyde. The essential oil of cinnamon showed the strongest antifungal activity...
  7. Wang Z, An S, Liu H, Leng X, Zheng J, Liu Y. Genetic structure of the endangered plant Neolitsea sericea (Lauraceae) from the Zhoushan archipelago using RAPD markers. Ann Bot. 2005;95:305-13 pubmed
    ..Because of the long-term influences of human activities, the original forest vegetation on the large islands has been badly damaged and its plant diversity reduced...
  8. Loizzo M, Tundis R, Menichini F, Saab A, Statti G, Menichini F. Cytotoxic activity of essential oils from labiatae and lauraceae families against in vitro human tumor models. Anticancer Res. 2007;27:3293-9 pubmed
    ..The aim of this work was to study the cytotoxicity of essential oils and their identified constituents from Sideritis perfoliata, Satureia thymbra, Salvia officinalis, Laurus nobilis and Pistacia palestina...
  9. Joshi S, Padalia R, Bisht D, Mathela C. Terpenoid diversity in the leaf essential oils of Himalayan Lauraceae species. Chem Biodivers. 2009;6:1364-73 pubmed publisher
    The leaf terpenoid compositions of nine Lauraceae species, viz...

More Information

Publications169 found, 100 shown here

  1. de Melo C, Monteiro A, Leite C, de Araújo F, Lima V, Barbosa Filho J, et al. Anxiolytic-like effects of (O-methyl)-N-2,6-dihydroxybenzoyl-tyramine (riparin III) from Aniba riparia (Nees) Mez (Lauraceae) in mice. Biol Pharm Bull. 2006;29:451-4 pubmed
    ..riparin III) isolated from the unripe fruit of Aniba riparia (Nees) Mez (Lauraceae) in animal models of open field, rota rod, elevated plus maze and hole board tests in mice...
  2. Davis R, Carroll A, Duffy S, Avery V, Guymer G, Forster P, et al. Endiandrin A, a potent glucocorticoid receptor binder isolated from the Australian plant Endiandra anthropophagorum. J Nat Prod. 2007;70:1118-21 pubmed
    ..All compounds were tested in a glucocorticoid receptor binding assay and displayed IC50 values ranging from 0.9 to 35 microM...
  3. da Silva Filho A, Costa E, Cunha W, E Silva M, Nanayakkara N, Bastos J. In vitro antileishmanial and antimalarial activities of tetrahydrofuran lignans isolated from Nectandra megapotamica (Lauraceae). Phytother Res. 2008;22:1307-10 pubmed publisher
    Seven tetrahydrofuran lignans, isolated from Nectandra megapotamica (Lauraceae), were evaluated for their in vitro antileishmanial and antimalarial activities...
  4. Fijridiyanto I, Murakami N. Phylogeny of Litsea and related genera (Laureae-Lauraceae) based on analysis of rpb2 gene sequences. J Plant Res. 2009;122:283-98 pubmed publisher
    ..They were also shown to be sisters and closer to the genus Lindera than to the genus Litsea. Our results also revealed that the genus Lindera is not a monophyletic group...
  5. Joshi S, Verma A, Mathela C. Antioxidant and antibacterial activities of the leaf essential oils of Himalayan Lauraceae species. Food Chem Toxicol. 2010;48:37-40 pubmed publisher
    The leaf essential oils from seven Himalayan Lauraceae species viz...
  6. Gortan E, Nardini A, Salleo S, Jansen S. Pit membrane chemistry influences the magnitude of ion-mediated enhancement of xylem hydraulic conductance in four Lauraceae species. Tree Physiol. 2011;31:48-58 pubmed publisher between the magnitude of the ionic effect and pectin composition in intervessel pit membranes of four Lauraceae species (Laurus nobilis, Lindera megaphylla, Litsea sericea and Umbellularia californica) that show rather ..
  7. Li L, Li J, Rohwer J, van der Werff H, Wang Z, Li H. Molecular phylogenetic analysis of the Persea group (Lauraceae) and its biogeographic implications on the evolution of tropical and subtropical Amphi-Pacific disjunctions. Am J Bot. 2011;98:1520-36 pubmed publisher
    The Persea group (Lauraceae) has a tropical and subtropical amphi-pacific disjunct distribution with most of its members, and it includes two Macaronesian species...
  8. Pudjiastuti P, Mukhtar M, Hadi A, Saidi N, Morita H, Litaudon M, et al. (6,7-Dimethoxy-4-methylisoquinolinyl)-(4'-methoxyphenyl)-methanone, a new benzylisoquinoline alkaloid from Beilschmiedia brevipes. Molecules. 2010;15:2339-46 pubmed publisher
    ..Complete 1H- and 13C-NMR data of both compounds were reported. The structures were established through various spectroscopic methods notably 1D- and 2D-NMR, UV, IR and HRESIMS. ..
  9. Chinchilla F. Seed predation by mammals in forest fragments in Monteverde, Costa Rica. Rev Biol Trop. 2009;57:865-77 pubmed
    ..The removal of four native tree species of experimental seeds: Ocotea valeriana and Ocotea whitei (Lauraceae), Panopsis costaricensis (Proteaceae) and Billia colombiana (Hippocastanaceae) in forest understories was ..
  10. Mazzio E, Bauer D, Mendonça P, Taka E, Soliman K. Natural product HTP screening for attenuation of cytokine-induced neutrophil chemo attractants (CINCs) and NO2- in LPS/IFNγ activated glioma cells. J Neuroimmunol. 2017;302:10-19 pubmed publisher
    ..vulgare), Maddar Root (Rubia tinctoria), Red Sandle wood (Pterocarpus santalinus), Bay Leaf (Laurus nobilis, Lauraceae), quercetin, cardamonin, fisetin, EGCG, biochanin A, galangin, apigenin and curcumin...
  11. Nakamura Y, Morimitsu Y, Uzu T, Ohigashi H, Murakami A, Naito Y, et al. A glutathione S-transferase inducer from papaya: rapid screening, identification and structure-activity relationship of isothiocyanates. Cancer Lett. 2000;157:193-200 pubmed
  12. Phukan S, Kalita M. Phytopesticidal and repellent efficacy of Litsea salicifolia (Lauraceae) against Aedes aegypti and Culex quinquefasciatus. Indian J Exp Biol. 2005;43:472-4 pubmed
    ..aegypti and 46% activity for 3 hr against C. quinquefasciatus. This is the first report on the insecticidal properties of L. salicifolia which can be further developed as an eco-friendly biopesticides of the future. ..
  13. Cabral M, Mendonça P, Gomes C, Barbosa Filho J, Queiroz M, Mello R. Biological activity of neolignans on the post-embryonic development of Chrysomya megacephala. Fitoterapia. 2007;78:20-4 pubmed
    ..The effect of some neolignans on one of the most prevalent flies in urban areas, which constitutes a menace to public health, was investigated. ..
  14. da Silva Filho A, Albuquerque S, Silva M, Eberlin M, Tomazela D, Bastos J. Tetrahydrofuran lignans from Nectandra megapotamica with trypanocidal activity. J Nat Prod. 2004;67:42-5 pubmed
    ..Compound 1a was the most active, showing an IC(50) value of 2.2 microM and lysis of 94% of the parasites at 32 microM. Compounds 1b, 1d, 2a, 2c, and 3a displayed moderate activity, while compound 1c was inactive. ..
  15. Zhang B, Lu W, Chen W. [Study on self-microemulsifying drug delivery system of Jiaotai Pill active components]. Zhong Yao Cai. 2008;31:1068-71 pubmed
    ..0% and 10.0%, respectively. The acquired microemulsion with small particle size is stable. The determination method of berberine hydrochloride and cinnamaldehyde in the preparation is accurate and reliable. ..
  16. Wu C, Wang T, Wu C, Wang Y, Chaw S. Plastome Evolution in the Sole Hemiparasitic Genus Laurel Dodder (Cassytha) and Insights into the Plastid Phylogenomics of Lauraceae. Genome Biol Evol. 2017;9:2604-2614 pubmed publisher
    To date, little is known about the evolution of plastid genomes (plastomes) in Lauraceae. As one of the top five largest families in tropical forests, the Lauraceae contain many species that are important ecologically and economically...
  17. Schlemper S, Schlemper V, Da Silva D, Cordeiro F, Cruz A, Oliveira A, et al. Antibacterial activity of Persea cordata stem barks. Fitoterapia. 2001;72:73-5 pubmed
    ..The ethyl acetate fraction of the hydroalcoholic extract showed activity against pathogenic bacteria which may justify the popular use of the plant. ..
  18. Nakahara K, Trakoontivakorn G, Alzoreky N, Ono H, Onishi Kameyama M, Yoshida M. Antimutagenicity of some edible Thai plants, and a bioactive carbazole alkaloid, mahanine, isolated from Micromelum minutum. J Agric Food Chem. 2002;50:4796-802 pubmed
    ..2 microM, cytotoxicity against a tumor cell line HL60 with a MIC100 of 4.0 microg/mL, and antimicrobial activity against Bacillus cereus and Staphylococcus aureus with MIC100 values of 6.25 and 12.5 microg/mL, respectively...
  19. Husain I, Ahmad R, Chandra A, Raza S, Shukla Y, Mahdi F. Phytochemical characterization and biological activity evaluation of ethanolic extract of Cinnamomum zeylanicum. J Ethnopharmacol. 2018;219:110-116 pubmed publisher
    ..Cinnamomum zeylanicum (CZ), belonging to family Lauraceae and commonly known as cinnamon is one such spice known to have diverse medicinal properties since time ..
  20. Mukhtar M, Hadi A, Sevenet T, Martin M, Awang K. Phoebegrandine C, a novel proaporphine-tryptamine dimer, from Phoebe grandis (Nees) Merr. Nat Prod Res. 2004;18:163-7 pubmed
    ..A novel proaporphine-tryptamine dimer alkaloid, named phoebegrandine C 1, was isolated from the leaves of Phoebe grandis (Nees) Merr. Its structural elucidation was carried out using spectroscopic techniques, notably 2D NMR. ..
  21. Wang Y, Wen Z, Li B, Zhang H, Yang J. Ethnobotany, phytochemistry, and pharmacology of the genus Litsea: An update. J Ethnopharmacol. 2016;181:66-107 pubmed publisher
    The genus Litsea is one of the most diverse genera of evergreen trees or shrubs belong to Lauraceae, and comprises roughly 400 species of tree that are distributed abundantly throughout tropical and subtropical Asia, North and South ..
  22. Simon A, Mills D, Furton K. Chemical and canine analysis as complimentary techniques for the identification of active odors of the invasive fungus, Raffaelea lauricola. Talanta. 2017;168:320-328 pubmed publisher
    Raffaelea lauricola, a fungus causing a vascular wilt (laurel wilt) in Lauraceae trees, was introduced into the United States in the early 2000s...
  23. Schnell R, Olano C, Kuhn D. Detection of avocado sunblotch viroid variants using fluorescent single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis. Electrophoresis. 2001;22:427-32 pubmed
    ..The use of SSCP in the ASBVd assay is easily accomplished and gives an estimate of the number of variants in crude samples extracted from infected avocado plants. ..
  24. Mukhtar M, Hadi A, Litaudon M, Awang K. Morphinandienone alkaloids from Dehaasia longipedicellata. Fitoterapia. 2004;75:792-4 pubmed
    ..Five morphinoid alkaloids have been isolated from Dehaasia longipedicellata, namely (-) pallidine, a new alkaloid (+) pallidinine (1), (+)-milonine, (-) 8,14-dehydrosalutaridine and (-) sinoacutine. ..
  25. Kumar M, Rawat P, Rahuja N, Srivastava A, Maurya R. Antihyperglycemic activity of phenylpropanoyl esters of catechol glycoside and its dimers from Dodecadenia grandiflora. Phytochemistry. 2009;70:1448-55 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results provide support to explain the use of D. grandiflora as antihyperglycemic agent by the traditional medical practitioners. ..
  26. Liu M, Lin S, Gan M, Liu B, Zi J, Song W, et al. Butanolide derivatives from the bark of Machilus yaoshansis. J Asian Nat Prod Res. 2012;14:713-20 pubmed publisher
    ..Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic and chemical methods. All the isolates were evaluated for cytotoxic and anti-inflammatory activities. ..
  27. Fraga B, Cabrera I, Reina M, Terrero D. Two new sesquiterpenes from Laurus azorica. Z Naturforsch C. 2001;56:503-5 pubmed
    ..These compounds and the known sesquiterpenic alcohols, clovanediol and caryophyllenol II, have been isolated from the aerial parts of Laurus azorica. ..
  28. Rios Motta J, Avella E. 2-Arylbenzofuran neolignans from the bark of Nectandra purpurascens (Lauraceae). Nat Prod Commun. 2010;5:1063-6 pubmed
    ..The structure of the new compound was established on the basis of spectroscopic analysis. ..
  29. Li Y, Cheng W, Zhu C, Yao C, Xiong L, Tian Y, et al. Bioactive neolignans and lignans from the bark of Machilus robusta. J Nat Prod. 2011;74:1444-52 pubmed publisher
    ..The known compounds (-)-pinoresinol (17) and (+)-lyoniresinol (18) were active against serum deprivation induced PC12 cell damage. ..
  30. Nosková K, Dovrtělová G, Zendulka O, Řemínek R, Jurica J. The effect of (-)-linalool on the metabolic activity of liver CYP enzymes in rats. Physiol Res. 2016;65:S499-S504 pubmed
    Linalool is the major floral scent occurring mainly in families Lamiaceae, Lauraceae and Rutaceae and is the main active compound of lavender oil...
  31. Pedro L, Santos P, da Silva J, Figueiredo A, Barroso J, Deans S, et al. Essential oils from Azorean Laurus azorica. Phytochemistry. 2001;57:245-50 pubmed
    ..Jorge, and the other constituted by the remaining populations. ..
  32. Sun L, Liu L, Li J, Lv Y, Zong S, Zhou J, et al. The essential oil from the twigs of Cinnamomum cassia Presl inhibits oxytocin-induced uterine contraction in vitro and in vivo. J Ethnopharmacol. 2017;206:107-114 pubmed publisher
    The twigs and bark of Cinnamomum cassia Presl (Lauraceae) are widely used in traditional Chinese medicine in the treatment of tumor, abdominal pain, dysmenorrhea, digestive system disease and inflammatory diseases...
  33. Sharma N, Trikha P, Athar M, Raisuddin S. Inhibition of benzo[a]pyrene- and cyclophoshamide-induced mutagenicity by Cinnamomum cassia. Mutat Res. 2001;480-481:179-88 pubmed
    ..GST, GR, and GPX. The present findings demonstrate that the antimutagenic potential of C. cassia could be attributed to its modulatory effect on the xenobiotic bioactivation and detoxification processes. ..
  34. Cabral M, Garcia E, Gottlieb O, Kelecom A. Degradation of the neolignan, burchellin in the hemolymph of the bloodsucking insect Rhodnius prolixus. Fitoterapia. 2008;79:59-63 pubmed
    ..The main product that accumulates in this tissue has been shown to be piperonyl alcohol. Other catabolites have been identified by GC-MS analysis. ..
  35. Rajput S, Li H, Xue X, Hong X. Descriptions of five new eriophyoid mite species of the Diptilomiopidae (Acari: Trombidiformes: Eriophyoidea) from Zhejiang Province, China. Zootaxa. 2015;4020:335-56 pubmed publisher
    ..nov. from Litsea coreana H. Lév. (Lauraceae), Neorhynacus camphoratus sp. nov. from Cinnamomum camphora (L.) J...
  36. Wan Othman W, Liew S, Khaw K, Murugaiyah V, Litaudon M, Awang K. Cholinesterase inhibitory activity of isoquinoline alkaloids from three Cryptocarya species (Lauraceae). Bioorg Med Chem. 2016;24:4464-4469 pubmed publisher
  37. Oliveira de Melo J, da Conceição Torrado Truiti M, Muscara M, Bolonheis S, Dantas J, Caparroz Assef S, et al. Anti-inflammatory activity of crude extract and fractions of Nectandra falcifolia leaves. Biol Pharm Bull. 2006;29:2241-5 pubmed
    ..Taken together, the results demonstrated that the crude extract and its fractions administered to animals orally or topically showed an anti-inflammatory effect. ..
  38. Ma C, Sung S, Kim Y. New neuroprotective dibenzylbutane lignans isolated from Machilus thunbergii. Nat Prod Res. 2010;24:562-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Compounds 1 and 2 represent a new type of lignan skeleton that has not been reported so far from nature. ..
  39. Wong S, Chang H, Wang G, Chiang M, Huang H, Chen C, et al. Secondary metabolites from the roots of Neolitsea daibuensis and their anti-inflammatory activity. J Nat Prod. 2011;74:2489-96 pubmed publisher
    ..Daibucarboline A (1), isolinderalactone (7), 7-O-methylnaringenin (8), and prunetin (9) exhibited moderate iNOS inhibitory activity, with IC?? values of 18.41, 0.30, 19.55, and 10.50 ?M, respectively. ..
  40. Sun L, Zong S, Li J, Lv Y, Liu L, Wang Z, et al. The essential oil from the twigs of Cinnamomum cassia Presl alleviates pain and inflammation in mice. J Ethnopharmacol. 2016;194:904-912 pubmed publisher
    Cinnamomum cassia Presl (Lauraceae) can be found southern China and its bark is commonly used for centuries as ingredient in food and cosmetic industry...
  41. Grecco S, Costa Silva T, Jerz G, de Sousa F, Londero V, Galuppo M, et al. Neolignans from leaves of Nectandra leucantha (Lauraceae) display in vitro antitrypanosomal activity via plasma membrane and mitochondrial damages. Chem Biol Interact. 2017;277:55-61 pubmed publisher
    ..In this work, the n-hexane extract from leaves of Nectandra leucantha (Lauraceae) displayed in vitro antitrypanosomal activity against T. cruzi...
  42. Cirocco R, Facelli J, Watling J. High water availability increases the negative impact of a native hemiparasite on its non-native host. J Exp Bot. 2016;67:1567-75 pubmed publisher
    ..C. pubescens should more negatively affect U. europaeus growth under wet conditions rather than under dry conditions in the field. ..
  43. Liu Q, Jo Y, Kim S, Jin Q, Hwang B, Lee M. Sesquiterpenes from the roots of Lindera strychnifolia with inhibitory effects on nitric oxide production in RAW 264.7 cells. Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2016;26:4950-4954 pubmed publisher
    ..linderolides N-T (1-7), along with nine known compounds, were isolated from roots of Lindera strychnifolia (Lauraceae). Their structures were established by extensive spectroscopic analysis...
  44. Funamoto D, Sugiura S. Arthropods associated with fungal galls: do large galls support more abundant and diverse inhabitants?. Naturwissenschaften. 2017;104:6 pubmed publisher
    ..associated with bud galls induced by the fungus Melanopsichium onumae on the tree species Cinnamomum yabunikkei (Lauraceae) in central Japan. Thirteen species of arthropods were associated with M. onumae galls...
  45. Rohwer J. The timing of nectar secretion in staminal and staminodial glands in Lauraceae. Plant Biol (Stuttg). 2009;11:490-2 pubmed publisher
    The flowers of many Lauraceae have two kinds of glandular organ: paired glands at the base of the filaments of the third androecial whorl, and staminodes with a glandular head, corresponding to a fourth, sterile androecial whorl...
  46. Chen C, Cheng M, Chiang Y, Bai J, Chiu C, Lin R, et al. Chemical constituents from the leaves of Machilus zuihoensis Hayata var. mushaensis (Lu) Y.C. Liu. Nat Prod Res. 2009;23:871-5 pubmed publisher
    ..mushaensis (Lu) Y. C. Liu (Lauraceae), together with three known compounds, vanillin (2), beta-sitosterol (3) and stigmasterol (4)...
  47. Nafiah M, Mukhtar M, Omar H, Ahmad K, Morita H, Litaudon M, et al. N-cyanomethylnorboldine: a new aporphine isolated from Alseodaphne perakensis (Lauraceae). Molecules. 2011;16:3402-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The isolation was achieved by chromatographic techniques and the structural elucidation was performed via spectral methods, notably 1D- and 2D-NMR, UV, IR, and HRFABMS. The vasorelaxation activity of compound 1 has been studied. ..
  48. Pan L, Chiang T, Weng Y, Chen W, Hsiao S, Tokuda M, et al. Taxonomy and biology of a new ambrosia gall midge Daphnephila urnicola sp. nov. (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) inducing urn-shaped leaf galls on two species of Machilus (Lauraceae) in Taiwan. Zootaxa. 2015;3955:371-88 pubmed publisher
    Recent field surveys show that galls induced by Daphnephila spp. (Cecidomyiidae) on Machilus spp. (Lauraceae) are common in Taiwan, yet only five species, four leaf-gall inducers and one stem-gall inducer on M...
  49. Xu W, Liu L, He T, Cao M, Sha L, Hu Y, et al. Soil properties drive a negative correlation between species diversity and genetic diversity in a tropical seasonal rainforest. Sci Rep. 2016;6:20652 pubmed publisher
    ..roxburghiana for the reduced average niche breadth; alternatively, competition could reduce effective population size and therefore genetic diversity of B. roxburghiana within community. ..
  50. Blotman F, Maheu E, Wulwik A, Caspard H, Lopez A. Efficacy and safety of avocado/soybean unsaponifiables in the treatment of symptomatic osteoarthritis of the knee and hip. A prospective, multicenter, three-month, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Rev Rhum Engl Ed. 1997;64:825-34 pubmed
    ..Overall patient ratings were significantly better in the active drug group (P < 0.01). Safety was oggd in both groups. After six weeks, avocado/soybean unsaponifiables reduced the need for NSAID in patients with lower limb OA. ..
  51. Sun S, Kuo C, Lee S, Chen C. Determination of bisbenzylisoquinoline alkaloids by high-performance liquid chromatography (II). J Chromatogr A. 2000;891:189-94 pubmed
    ..Four alkaloids were detected in the stem woods of a Lauraceous plant, Dehaasia triandra Merr. and their contents determined. LC-MS suggested that a major unknown compound in the plant was also a bisbenzylisoquinoline alkaloid. ..
  52. Britt A, Randriamandratonirina N, Glasscock K, Iambana B. Diet and feeding behaviour of Indri indri in a low-altitude rain forest. Folia Primatol (Basel). 2002;73:225-39 pubmed
    ..The most important plant families in the diet of Indri were Lauraceae, Clusiaceae and Myristicaceae...
  53. Lahlou S, Magalhães P, de Siqueira R, Figueiredo A, Interaminense L, Maia J, et al. Cardiovascular effects of the essential oil of Aniba canelilla bark in normotensive rats. J Cardiovasc Pharmacol. 2005;46:412-21 pubmed
  54. Waagepetersen R. An estimating function approach to inference for inhomogeneous Neyman-Scott processes. Biometrics. 2007;63:252-8 pubmed
    ..Clustering parameter estimates are obtained using minimum contrast estimation based on the K-function. The approach is motivated and illustrated by applications to point pattern data from a tropical rain forest plot. ..
  55. Monte R, Barbosa J, Sousa L, Athayde P, Dias C, Oliveira M. Crude ethanolic extract, lignoid fraction and yangambin from Ocotea duckei (Lauraceae) show antileishmanial activity. Z Naturforsch C. 2007;62:348-52 pubmed
    Crude ethanolic extract, lignoid fraction and the purified compound yangambin were obtained from Ocotea duckei (Lauraceae) and their antileishmanial activity was tested against promastigote forms of Leishmania chagasi and Leishmania ..
  56. Moreno S, Arnobio A, de Carvalho J, Nascimento L, Oliveira Timoteo M, Olej B, et al. The ingestion of a Nectandra membranacea extract changes the bioavailability of technetium-99m radiobiocomplex in rat organs. Biol Res. 2007;40:131-5 pubmed
    ..Therefore, precaution is suggested in the interpretation of nuclear medicine results in patients using this herb...
  57. Kuo C, Sun S. Separation of bisbenzylisoquinoline alkaloids by micellar electrokinetic chromatography. Phytochem Anal. 2002;13:63-8 pubmed
    ..The elution order of the bisbenzylisoquinoline alkaloids was related to their lipophilicity. The resolution, run time and detection limits of the MEKC method were compared with those of an HPLC method developed previously. ..
  58. Li G, Ju H, Chang H, Jahng Y, Lee S, Son J. Melanin biosynthesis inhibitors from the bark of Machilus thunbergii. Biol Pharm Bull. 2003;26:1039-41 pubmed
    ..9, 15.1, 19.4 and 37.8 microM, respectively). ..
  59. Liu M, Lin S, Wang Y, He W, Li S, Wang S, et al. Two novel glycosidic triterpene alkaloids from the stem barks of Machilus yaoshansis. Org Lett. 2007;9:129-32 pubmed
    ..1 and 2 showed nonselective cytotoxic activities against several human cancer cell lines as well as TNF-alpha secretion inhibitory activities. ..
  60. Ho C, Wang E, Hsu K, Lee P, Su Y. Composition and antimicrobial activity of the leaf essential oil of Litsea kostermansii from Taiwan. Nat Prod Commun. 2009;4:1123-6 pubmed
    ..5%), alpha-eudesmol (6.0%), and gamma-muurolene (4.7%). Oxygenated sesquiterpenes (66.2%) and sesquiterpene hydrocarbons (32.8%) were the predominant groups of compounds. The leaf oil exhibited excellent antimicrobial activities...
  61. Momo I, Dufat T, Wandji J, Michel S, Chiozem D. New triterpenoids from the stem bark of Hypodaphnis zenkeri. Nat Prod Res. 2013;27:137-45 pubmed publisher
    ..Their structures were established on the basis of spectroscopic studies and chemical transformations. ..
  62. Liu B, Yang Y, Xie L, Zeng G, Ma K. Beilschmiedia turbinata: a newly recognized but dying species of Lauraceae from tropical Asia based on morphological and molecular data. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e67636 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we provide such a case by recording a dying tree species of Lauraceae from the evergreen forests of SE Yunnan of China and adjoining Vietnam...
  63. Lin Y, Ding Z, Gullan P, Cook L. A newly recognised Australian endemic species of Austrolecanium Gullan & Hodgson 1998 (Hemiptera: Coccidae) from Queensland. Zootaxa. 2017;4272:119-130 pubmed publisher
    ..This Australian endemic species was found on the underside of leaves of Cryptocarya microneura (Lauraceae) in Queensland. All phylogenetic analyses of four independent DNA loci and a concatenated dataset show that A...
  64. Geng Q, Sun L, Zhang P, Wang Z, Qiu Y, Liu H, et al. Understanding population structure and historical demography of Litsea auriculata (Lauraceae), an endangered species in east China. Sci Rep. 2017;7:17343 pubmed publisher
    ..examine this question by intergrating population genetics with ecological niche modelling of Litsea auriculata (Lauraceae), which is endangered and native to east China...
  65. Ho C, Su Y. Composition, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of the leaf essential oil of Machilus japonica from Taiwan. Nat Prod Commun. 2012;7:109-12 pubmed
    ..12-32.25 microg/mL, respectively. For the antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of the oil, the active source compounds were determined to be thymol and carvacrol. ..
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    Mountain pepper (Litseacubeba (Lour.) Pers.) (Lauraceae) is an important industrial crop as an ingredient in cosmetics, pesticides, food additives and potential biofuels...
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    ..The rest of the parameters showed diverse effects on the species depending on the altitude of the orchard. ..
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    ..Their structures and absolute stereochemistry were determined by spectral analysis (NMR and CD) and chemical correlation. ..
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    ..61 +/- 1.21 microg mL(-1)) and 1-nitro-2-phenylethane (20.37 +/- 0.99 microg mL(-1)) were lower than that of the wood methanol extracts (91.38 +/- 7.20 microg mL(-1)), showing significant biological activities. ..
  71. Ho C, Hsu K, Tseng Y, Wang E, Liao P, Chou J, et al. Composition and antimicrobial activities of the leaf essential oil of Machilus kusanoi from Taiwan. Nat Prod Commun. 2011;6:267-70 pubmed
    ..2%), and n-decanal (10.4%). Sesquiterpene hydrocarbons (28.1%) and non-terpenoids (25.0%) were the predominant groups of compounds. The leaf oil exhibited excellent antimicrobial and anti-wood-decay fungal activities. ..
  72. Loader N, Walsh R, Robertson I, Bidin K, Ong R, Reynolds G, et al. Recent trends in the intrinsic water-use efficiency of ringless rainforest trees in Borneo. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2011;366:3330-9 pubmed publisher
    ..It also shows the scientific and applied value of a conservation policy that ensures the survival of primary forest containing particularly old trees (as in Imbak Canyon and Danum). ..
  73. Abbaspour Babaei M, Zaman Huri H, Kamalidehghan B, Yeap S, Ahmadipour F. Apoptotic induction and inhibition of NF-?B signaling pathway in human prostatic cancer PC3 cells by natural compound 2,2'-oxybis (4-allyl-1-methoxybenzene), biseugenol B, from Litsea costalis: an in vitro study. Onco Targets Ther. 2017;10:277-294 pubmed publisher an evergreen genus distributed in tropical and subtropical Asia; this genus belongs to the large family of Lauraceae. In this study, the cell-death metabolism of biseugenol B was investigated...
  74. Simon A, Mills D, Furton K. Chemotyping the temporal volatile organic compounds of an invasive fungus to the United States, Raffaelea lauricola. J Chromatogr A. 2017;1487:72-76 pubmed publisher believed to be spread by a host beetle, Xyleborus glabratus, and is detrimental both to wild members of the Lauraceae family and to commercial avocado groves particularly in the Southeastern region of the country...
  75. Hoet S, Stévigny C, Block S, Opperdoes F, Colson P, Baldeyrou B, et al. Alkaloids from Cassytha filiformis and related aporphines: antitrypanosomal activity, cytotoxicity, and interaction with DNA and topoisomerases. Planta Med. 2004;70:407-13 pubmed
    Cassytha filiformis (Lauraceae), a widely distributed parasitic plant, contains several aporphine alkaloids and is often used in African folk medicine to treat cancer, African trypanosomiasis and other diseases...
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    Population structure and environmental relationships of the tropical tree Nectandra rudis (Lauraceae), a rare species in western Mexico. The tree N...
  78. Lenta B, Tantangmo F, Devkota K, Wansi J, Chouna J, Soh R, et al. Bioactive constituents of the stem bark of Beilschmiedia zenkeri. J Nat Prod. 2009;72:2130-4 pubmed publisher
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    ..All isolates were tested for their inhibitory effects against both cyclooxygenases-1 and -2, with (S)-coriolic acid and (+/-)-glycerol 1-monolinolate shown to have selective inhibitory activity with cyclooxygenase-2. ..
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    ..Four tree species were studied using both methods, namely Cryptocarya mackinnoniana (Lauraceae), Elaeocarpus angustifolius (Elaeocarpaceae), Ficus pleurocarpa (Moraceae), and Opisthiolepis heterophylla (..
  81. Coy E, Cuca L, Sefkow M. COX, LOX and platelet aggregation inhibitory properties of Lauraceae neolignans. Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2009;19:6922-5 pubmed publisher
    ..potential of 26 neolignans (14 of the bicyclooctane-type and 12 of the benzofuran-type), isolated from three Lauraceae species (Pleurothyrium cinereum, Ocotea macrophylla and Nectandra amazonum), was evaluated in vitro through ..
  82. Teixeira C, de Melo C, de Araújo F, de Carvalho A, Silva M, Barbosa Filho J, et al. Antidepressant-like effect of riparin II from Aniba riparia in mice: evidence for the involvement of the monoaminergic system. Fundam Clin Pharmacol. 2013;27:129-37 pubmed publisher
    ..This study indicates that riparin II produces significant antidepressant-like activity in the forced swimming and TSTs, and this effect seems to be dependent on its interaction with noradrenergic, dopaminergic, and serotonergic systems. ..
  83. Chen K, Hsieh P, Hwang T, Chang F, Wu Y. Anti-inflammatory furanogermacrane sesquiterpenes from Neolitsea parvigemma. Nat Prod Res. 2005;19:283-6 pubmed
    ..Among them, 1 and 2 showed significant inhibitory effects on superoxide anion generation by human neutrophils in response to fMLP/CB. The IC50 of 1 and 2 were found to be 3.21 and 8.48 microg/mL, respectively. ..
  84. Cheng M, Tsai I, Lee S, Jayaprakasam B, Chen I. Steryl epoxide, secobutanolide and butanolides from the stem wood of Machilus zuihoensis. Phytochemistry. 2005;66:1180-5 pubmed
    ..Their structures were determined by means of spectroscopic analyses. Machillene (1) showed cytotoxic activity against NUGC-3 and HONE-1 cancer cell lines in vitro. ..
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    ..Interactions were therefore investigated between a native parasitic plant and an invasive legume in Mediterranean-type woodlands of South Australia...
  86. Liou B, Chang H, Wang G, Chiang M, Liao C, Lin C, et al. Secondary metabolites from the leaves of Neolitsea hiiranensis and the anti-inflammatory activity of some of them. Phytochemistry. 2011;72:415-22 pubmed publisher
    ..hiiranterpenone (8), together with 22 known compounds, were isolated from the leaves of Neolitsea hiiranensis (Lauraceae). Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic analysis and single crystal X-ray diffraction...
  87. Kim S, Kim J, Hyun C, Lee N. Neolitsea aciculata essential oil inhibits drug-resistant skin pathogen growth and Propionibacterium acnes-induced inflammatory effects of human monocyte leukemia. Nat Prod Commun. 2011;6:1193-8 pubmed
    ..The DPPH radical scavenging activities of NAE also revealed moderate antioxidant properties (IC50, 21.3 microL/mL). Overall, NAE is an attractive candidate as an ingredient in skin care products...
  88. Williams R, Martin S, Hu J, Norman V, Goering M, Loss S, et al. Cytotoxic and antibacterial beilschmiedic acids from a Gabonese species of Beilschmiedia. J Nat Prod. 2012;75:1319-25 pubmed publisher
    ..This is the first report of cytotoxic activity for the endiandric/beilschmiedic acid class of compounds. ..
  89. Liu J, Zhou G, Zhang D. Effects of acidic solutions on element dynamics in the monsoon evergreen broad-leaved forest at Dinghushan, China. Part 2: dynamics of Fe, Cu, Mn and Al. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2007;14:215-8 pubmed
    ..Soil metal dynamics are affected by acid deposition. Little knowledge is available about the process in the lateritic soils under the monsoon forest in south China...
  90. Souza Conceição R, de A Carneiro M, Alves Reis I, Branco A, Curcino Vieira I, Braz Filho R, et al. In vitro acaricide activity of Ocotea aciphylla (Nees) Mez. (Lauraceae) extracts and identification of the compounds from the active fractions. Ticks Tick Borne Dis. 2017;8:275-282 pubmed publisher
    ..Our findings suggest that the O. aciphylla has potent acaricidal activity in vitro against R. (B.) microplus, and that different secondary metabolites are responsible for this effect. ..
  91. Somensi L, Boeing T, Cury B, Steimbach V, Niero R, de Souza L, et al. Hydroalcoholic extract from bark of Persea major (Meisn.) L.E. Kopp (Lauraceae) exerts antiulcer effects in rodents by the strengthening of the gastric protective factors. J Ethnopharmacol. 2017;209:294-304 pubmed publisher
    The Persea major (Meisn.) L.E. Kopp (Lauraceae) (botanical synonym: Persea pyrifolia (D. Don) Spreng, Persea pyrifolia Nees and Mart., Persea cordata var. major (Meisn...
  92. Rosa S, Santos F, Lima H, Reis I, Cassiano D, Vieira I, et al. In vitro anthelmintic and cytotoxic activities of extracts of Persea willdenovii Kosterm (Lauraceae). J Helminthol. 2017;:1-7 pubmed publisher
    ..These constituents identified in P. willdenovii can be related to the high ovicidal activity and relatively non-toxic effect of the extracts...