galium

Summary

Summary: A genus of herbaceous annual and perennial plants in the family RUBIACEAE.

Top Publications

  1. Grossmann K, Rosenthal C, Kwiatkowski J. Increases in jasmonic acid caused by indole-3-acetic acid and auxin herbicides in cleavers (Galium aparine). J Plant Physiol. 2004;161:809-14 pubmed
    ..JA) concentrations were studied in relation to changes in ethylene and abscisic acid (ABA) levels in cleavers (Galium aparine)...
  2. Kraft M, Kuglitsch R, Kwiatkowski J, Frank M, Grossmann K. Indole-3-acetic acid and auxin herbicides up-regulate 9-cis-epoxycarotenoid dioxygenase gene expression and abscisic acid accumulation in cleavers (Galium aparine): interaction with ethylene. J Exp Bot. 2007;58:1497-503 pubmed
    ..auxin-induced ethylene was suggested in previous work to up-regulate abscisic acid (ABA) biosynthesis in cleavers (Galium aparine) through stimulated cleavage of xanthophylls to xanthoxin, catalysed by 9-cis-epoxycarotenoid dioxygenase (..
  3. Bolivar P, Cruz Paredes C, Hernández L, Juárez Z, Sánchez Arreola E, Av Gay Y, et al. Antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, antiparasitic, and cytotoxic activities of Galium mexicanum. J Ethnopharmacol. 2011;137:141-7 pubmed publisher
    To study the potential benefit of the traditional Mexican medicinal plant Galium mexicanum Kunth (Rubiaceae)...
  4. Orhan N, Deliorman Orhan D, Aslan M, Süküroğlu M, Orhan I. UPLC-TOF-MS analysis of Galium spurium towards its neuroprotective and anticonvulsant activities. J Ethnopharmacol. 2012;141:220-7 pubmed publisher
    b>Galium species have been reported to be used against epilepsy in traditional Turkish folk medicine.
  5. Goodman A. Mechanical adaptations of cleavers (Galium aparine). Ann Bot. 2005;95:475-80 pubmed
    Cleavers (Galium aparine) is a fast-growing herbaceous annual with a semi-self-supporting, scrambling-ascending growth habit. Mature plants often use upright species for support. It is common in hedgerows and on waste ground...
  6. Atmaca H, Bozkurt E, Cittan M, Dilek Tepe H. Effects of Galium aparine extract on the cell viability, cell cycle and cell death in breast cancer cell lines. J Ethnopharmacol. 2016;186:305-310 pubmed publisher
    b>Galium species have been traditionally used for its anti-cancer, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial and cardioprotective effects in the folk medicine...
  7. Juárez A, Arribére M, Arcagni M, Williams N, Rizzo A, Ribeiro Guevara S. Heavy metal and trace elements in riparian vegetation and macrophytes associated with lacustrine systems in Northern Patagonia Andean Range. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2016;23:17995-8009 pubmed publisher
    ..Schinus patagonicus, and Weinmannia trichosperma, and macrophytes Hydrocotyle chamaemorus, Isöetes chubutiana, Galium sp., Myriophyllum quitense, Nitella sp. (algae), Potamogeton linguatus, Ranunculus sp...
  8. Yildirim A, Karakaş F, Turker A. In vitro antibacterial and antitumor activities of some medicinal plant extracts, growing in Turkey. Asian Pac J Trop Med. 2013;6:616-24 pubmed publisher
    ..Vinca minor (V. minor) L., Stellaria media (S. media) L., Capsella bursa-pastoris (C. bursa-pastoris) L., Galium spurium (G. spurium) L., Onosma heterophyllum (O. heterophyllum) Griseb., Reseda luteola (R. luteola) L...
  9. Heckman R, Carr D. Effects of soil nitrogen availability and native grass diversity on exotic forb dominance. Oecologia. 2016;182:803-13 pubmed publisher
    ..We then examined the success of the exotic forb Galium verum L. Contrary to our prediction, diversity and nutrient treatments did not jointly influence exotic success...

More Information

Publications58

  1. Feijoo Siota L, Rama J, Sanchez Perez A, Villa T. Expression, activation and processing of a novel plant milk-clotting aspartic protease in Pichia pastoris. J Biotechnol. 2018;268:28-39 pubmed publisher
    b>Galium verum, also known as Lady's Bedstraw or Cheese Rennet, is an herbaceous perennial plant traditionally used in cheese-making. We used RACE PCR to isolate novel enzymes from Galium verum with the ability to clot milk...
  2. Chaher N, Krisa S, Delaunay J, Bernillon S, Pedrot E, Mérillon J, et al. Unusual compounds from Galium mollugo and their inhibitory activities against ROS generation in human fibroblasts. J Pharm Biomed Anal. 2016;117:79-84 pubmed publisher
    ..A, E-mollugoside B and Z-mollugoside B and, together with known flavonoids, were isolated from the aerial parts of Galium mollugo collected in north-eastern Algeria...
  3. Cheng C, Zhang H, Li Y, Zhou Y, Lu W, Yao L. The effect of Diosmin on the blood proteome in a rat model of venous thrombosis. Int J Biol Macromol. 2017;104:778-787 pubmed publisher
    ..chromatographic purification with macroporous absorption resin (AB-8) and polyamide, Diosmin was isolated from Galium verum L. by solvent extraction, then purified to 98% purity using HPLC...
  4. de Souza Albernaz M, Toma S, Clanton J, Araki K, Santos Oliveira R. Decorated Superparamagnetic Iron Oxide Nanoparticles with Monoclonal Antibody and Diethylene-Triamine-Pentaacetic Acid Labeled with Thechnetium-99m and Galium-68 for Breast Cancer Imaging. Pharm Res. 2018;35:24 pubmed publisher
    ..Graphical Abstract ᅟ. ..
  5. Iriti M, Sharifi Rad M, Gibbons S, Sharifi Rad J. Anti-methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) activity of Rubiaceae, Fabaceae and Poaceae plants: A search for new sources of useful alternative antibacterials against MRSA infections. Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand). 2016;62:39-45 pubmed
    In this study, we evaluated the effects of the extracts of the leaves of species from the Rubiaceae (Galium aparine L. and Asperula arvensis L.), Fabaceae (Lathyrus aphaca L. and Vicia narbonensis L.) and Poaceae (Digitaria sanguinalis (L...
  6. León K, Herrera Martínez M, Ramirez Mares M, Hernandez Carlos B. EVALUATION OF ANTICANCER POTENTIAL OF EIGHT VEGETAL SPECIES FROM THE STATE OF OAXACA. Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. 2017;14:61-73 pubmed publisher
    ..88±0.0%, -38.11±4.95%, and -70.97±12.02% respectively. Galium mexicanum stem extract showed antitopoisomerase I activity with growth of 35.31±6...
  7. Stajić A, Anđelković M, Dikic N, Rasic J, Vukašinović Vesić M, Ivanovic D, et al. Determination of higenamine in dietary supplements by UHPLC/MS/MS method. J Pharm Biomed Anal. 2017;146:48-52 pubmed publisher
    ..norcoclaurine) are different plants including Nandina domestica, Aconitum carmichaelii, Asarum heterotropioides, Galium divaricatum, Annona squamosa, Nelumbo nucifera etc...
  8. Carello R, Ricottini L, Miranda V, Panei P, Rocchi L, Arcieri R, et al. Long-term treatment with low-dose medicine in chronic childhood eczema: a double-blind two-stage randomized control trial. Ital J Pediatr. 2017;43:78 pubmed publisher
    ..with chronic mild/moderate eczema were randomly allocated to Group A (placebo) or Group B (treatment group; Galium-Heel®, a low-dose multicomponent medicine based upon natural substances; Guna-Interleukin 12 and Guna-Interferon-?..
  9. Chevalier L, Desbuquois C, Le Lannic J, Charrier M. Poaceae in the natural diet of the snail Helix aspersa Müller (Gastropoda, Pulmonata). C R Acad Sci III. 2001;324:979-87 pubmed
    ..Picris echioides, Carduus tenuifloris, Urtica dioica, Galium molugo (Dicotyledons) and Poaceae (Monocotyledons) were the principal resources of the studied populations...
  10. Lu Q, Li J, Chen F, Liao M, Lin L, Tang Y, et al. Effects of mutual intercropping on the cadmium accumulation in accumulator plants Stellaria media, Malachium aquaticum, and Galium aparine. Environ Monit Assess. 2017;189:622 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, three cadmium (Cd)-accumulator species (Stellaria media, Malachium aquaticum, and Galium aparine) were intercropped together in Cd-contaminated soil to study the effects of intercropping on co-..
  11. Schlegel K, Taraz K, Budzikiewicz H. The stereoisomers of pyochelin, a siderophore of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Biometals. 2004;17:409-14 pubmed
    ..Chromatically isolated pure stereoisomers equilibrate readily in most solvents. Experiments will be reported which allow to isolate one of the isomers in pure form and which shed some additional light on the epimerization reaction...
  12. Serrilli A, Ramunno A, Amicucci F, Chicarella V, Santoni S, Ballero M, et al. Iridoidic pattern in endemic Sardinian plants: the case of Galium species. Nat Prod Res. 2008;22:618-22 pubmed publisher
    The monoterpenoid fractions of three endemic Galium ssp. (Rubiaceae) from Sardinia Island were examined and compared with the iridoidic pattern yet known in Galium species. This comparison evidenced theirs endemic characters...
  13. Amirghofran Z, Bahmani M, Azadmehr A, Javidnia K. Anticancer effects of various Iranian native medicinal plants on human tumor cell lines. Neoplasma. 2006;53:428-33 pubmed
    ..the antineoplastic activity of methanolic extracts of six medicinal plants that are native to Iran, including Galium mite, Ferulago angulata, Stachys obtusicrena, Cirsium bracteosum and Echinophora cinerea was investigated...
  14. Khaliq Jan A, Raza Shah M, Anis I, Khan Marwat I. In vitro antifungal and antibacterial activities of extracts of Galium tricornutum subsp. longipedunculatum. J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem. 2009;24:192-6 pubmed
    ..evaluate the antimicrobial activity of crude ethanolic extracts and fractions of the ariel parts and the fruits of Galium tricornutum subsp...
  15. deBoer G, Thornburgh S, Ehr R. Uptake, translocation and metabolism of the herbicide florasulam in wheat and broadleaf weeds. Pest Manag Sci. 2006;62:316-24 pubmed
    ..To a lesser extent, selectivity, at least for the broadleaf weed cleavers (Galium aparine L.), involves uptake differences...
  16. Zhao R, Gao X, Cai Y, Shao X, Jia G, Huang Y, et al. Antitumor activity of Portulaca oleracea L. polysaccharides against cervical carcinoma in vitro and in vivo. Carbohydr Polym. 2013;96:376-83 pubmed publisher
    ..In our study, a water-soluble polysaccharide (POL-P3b) was successfully purified from Galium verum L. by DEAE cellulose and Sephadex G-200 column chromatography...
  17. Yang J, Cai X, Mu S, Yang X. [Phenolic compounds from Galium aparine var. tenerum]. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2009;34:1802-4 pubmed
    To study the compounds from the whole plant of Galium aparine var. tenerum.
  18. Milić P, Rajković K, Stamenković O, Veljković V. Kinetic modeling and optimization of maceration and ultrasound-extraction of resinoid from the aerial parts of white lady's bedstraw (Galium mollugo L.). Ultrason Sonochem. 2013;20:525-34 pubmed publisher
    In this paper, extraction of resinoid from the aerial parts of white lady's bedstraw (Galium mollugo L.) using an aqueous ethanol solution (50% by volume) was studied at different temperatures in the absence and the presence of ultrasound...
  19. Zhao C, Shao J, Cao D, Zhang Y, Li X. [Chemical constituents of Galium verum]. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2009;34:2761-4 pubmed
    To investigate the chemical constituents of the extract of Galium verum.
  20. Van Eerd L, Stephenson G, Kwiatkowski J, Grossmann K, Hall J. Physiological and biochemical characterization of quinclorac resistance in a false cleavers (Galium spurium L.) biotype. J Agric Food Chem. 2005;53:1144-51 pubmed
    The physiological and biochemical basis for quinclorac resistance in a false cleavers (Galium spurium L.) biotype was investigated...
  21. Park J, Kang K. Effect of 980-nm GaAlAs diode laser irradiation on healing of extraction sockets in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats: a pilot study. Lasers Med Sci. 2012;27:223-30 pubmed publisher
    ..not irradiated (group 1) and the right ones were irradiated daily for 3, 5, 7, and 14 days after extraction with a galium-aluminum-arsenide (GaAlAs) diode laser (group 2), and in the diabetic rats, similarly the left ones were not ..
  22. Wang A, Liu F, Ma Z, Dong N, Zhang J, Ruan C. [Research on the C-terminal domain of ADAMTS13 regulates its cleaving activity]. Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi. 2010;31:830-4 pubmed
    ..To study the influence of C-terminal domain of ADAMTS13 on its cleaving activity...
  23. Zhao Y, Yan B. Eu3+, Tb3+/?-diketonate functionalized mesoporous SBA-15/GaN composites: multi-component chemical bonding assembly, characterization, and luminescence. J Colloid Interface Sci. 2013;395:145-53 pubmed publisher
  24. Wehner J, Antunes P, Powell J, Caruso T, Rillig M. Indigenous arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal assemblages protect grassland host plants from pathogens. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e27381 pubmed publisher
    ..These results indicate that interactions between assemblages of beneficial and pathogenic microorganisms can influence the growth of host plants, but that the magnitude of these effects is plant species-specific...
  25. Grossmann K, Caspar G, Kwiatkowski J, Bowe S. On the mechanism of selectivity of the corn herbicide BAS 662H: a combination of the novel auxin transport inhibitor diflufenzopyr and the auxin herbicide dicamba. Pest Manag Sci. 2002;58:1002-14 pubmed
    ..and action of both compounds, applied alone and in combination, were investigated in Amaranthus retroflexus L, Galium aparine L and corn (Zea mays L)...
  26. Matsuo Y, Greenberg D. A crystalline enzyme that cleaves homoserine and cystathionine. I. Isolation procedure and some physicochemical properties. J Biol Chem. 1958;230:545-60 pubmed
  27. Tsai J, Kai J, Chang L, Chen F. Bandgap mapping for III-V quantum well by electron spectroscopy imaging. J Electron Microsc (Tokyo). 2004;53:371-80 pubmed
    ..87 +/- 0.36 eV, respectively. The effect of delocalization on the accuracy of band-energy determination is discussed. The 2sigma(E(g)) accuracy of this analysis is comparable to half of the energy resolution of the ESI experiment...
  28. Stevens C, Duprè C, Dorland E, Gaudnik C, Gowing D, Bleeker A, et al. The impact of nitrogen deposition on acid grasslands in the Atlantic region of Europe. Environ Pollut. 2011;159:2243-50 pubmed publisher
    ..The above-ground tissue nitrogen contents of three plant species were examined: Agrostis capillaris (grass), Galium saxatile (forb) and Rhytidiadelphus squarrosus (bryophyte)...
  29. Zhao C, Shao J, Li X, Xu J, Wang J. A new anthraquinone from Galium verum L. Nat Prod Res. 2006;20:981-4 pubmed
    A new anthraquinone (4) and three known anthraquinones (1-3) were isolated from Galium verum L...
  30. Pallett K, Cole J, Oberwalder C, Porch J. Performance of potential non-crop or wild species under OECD 208 testing guideline study conditions for terrestrial non-target plants. Pest Manag Sci. 2007;63:134-40 pubmed
    ..These species were Abutilon theophrasti (L.) Medic., Avena fatua L., Fallopia convolvulus (L.) Adans., Galium aparine L., Ipomoea hederacea (L.) Jacq. and Veronica persica Poir. Only I...
  31. Tzakou O, Mylonas P, Vagias C, Petrakis P. Iridoid glucosides with insecticidal activity from Galium melanantherum. Z Naturforsch C. 2007;62:597-602 pubmed
    The insecticidal activity of the endemic species Galium melanantherum was evaluated against Crematogaster scutellaris ants and Kalotermes flavicollis termites...
  32. Mudiganti N, Claessens S, Habonimana P, De Kimpe N. Efficient synthesis of cis- and trans-3,4-dihydroxy-3,4-dihydromollugin. J Org Chem. 2008;73:3867-74 pubmed publisher
    ..The synthesis of trans-3,4-dihydroxy-3,4-dihydromollugin was achieved using Oxone in good yield. A mechanism for the formation of cis-3,4-dihydroxymollugin acetonide from the reaction of mollugin with Oxone is proposed...
  33. Heußer T, Mann P, Rank C, Schafer M, Dimitrakopoulou Strauss A, Schlemmer H, et al. Investigation of the halo-artifact in 68Ga-PSMA-11-PET/MRI. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0183329 pubmed publisher
    ..The goal of this work was to investigate the occurrence and impact of these artifacts and, secondly, to evaluate variants of the standard scatter correction method with regard to halo-artifact suppression...
  34. Shaini F, Wahab F, Ellakwa A, Shortall A, Fleming G, Marquis P. Marginal adaptation and micro-porosity of class II restorations of a high copper amalgam and a palladium-free gallium-based alloy. J Oral Rehabil. 2006;33:924-33 pubmed
    ..This could possibly be a factor in the post-operative complications reported with the clinical use of this alloy...
  35. Amirghofran Z, Javidnia K, Bahmani M, Azadmehr A, Esmaeilbeig M. The effect of the methanol extract of Galium mite on the cellular immunity and antibody synthesis. J Immunoassay Immunochem. 2011;32:157-69 pubmed publisher
    In the present study, the immunomodulatory effects of Galium mite, a native herb used for the treatment of inflammation in Iranian traditional medicine, was investigated...
  36. Zhao C, Shao J, Li X, Kang X, Zhang Y, Meng D, et al. Flavonoids from Galium verum L. J Asian Nat Prod Res. 2008;10:613-7 pubmed publisher
    Two new flavonoids, compounds 1 and 2, together with seven known flavonoids, were isolated from Galium verum L...
  37. Gama S, Gil M, Gano L, Farkas E, Amelia Santos M. Combined chelation of bi-functional bis-hydroxypiridinone and mono-hydroxypiridinone: synthesis, solution and in vivo evaluation. J Inorg Biochem. 2009;103:288-98 pubmed publisher
    ..However, administration of both chelating agents leads to a more steady metal mobilization, which may be attributed to an improved access to different cellular compartments...
  38. Zhao R, Chen Z, Jia G, Li J, Cai Y, Shao X. Protective effects of diosmetin extracted from Galium verum L. on the thymus of U14-bearing mice. Can J Physiol Pharmacol. 2011;89:665-73 pubmed publisher
    Diosmetin (DGVL) extracted from the traditional Chinese herb Galium verum L. has been found to have anticancer activity. In this study, the effects of DGVL on the thymus of U14-bearing mice were investigated...
  39. Bowling A, Maxwell H, Vaughn K. Unusual trichome structure and composition in mericarps of catchweed bedstraw (Galium aparine). Protoplasma. 2008;233:223-30 pubmed publisher
    ..This unusual wall composition may facilitate the formation of highly curved structures that might be difficult to form with the more rigid xyloglucans and xylans...
  40. Chen Q, Gorb S, Gorb E, Pugno N. Mechanics of plant fruit hooks. J R Soc Interface. 2013;10:20120913 pubmed publisher
    ..The result agrees well with the experimental data. The model aids in understanding the mechanics of hooks, and could be used in the development of new bioinspired Velcro-like materials...
  41. Hemcinschi A, Gille E, Trifan A, Necula R, Stanescu U. [Contributions to the study of the chemical variability of some Galium album Mill. Populations harvested from wild flora in northern Moldavia]. Rev Med Chir Soc Med Nat Iasi. 2009;113:1280-4 pubmed
    Within a complex research regarding the chemical intra- and inter-specific variability of some medicinal plants, we compared two species of Galium: Galium verum L. and Galium album Mill.
  42. Bauer G, Klein M, Gorb S, Speck T, Voigt D, Gallenmüller F. Always on the bright side: the climbing mechanism of Galium aparine. Proc Biol Sci. 2011;278:2233-9 pubmed publisher
    b>Galium aparine is a herbaceous climbing plant that attaches to host plants mainly via its leaves, which are covered by hooked trichomes. Although such hooks are found on both leaf surfaces, the leaves of G...
  43. Dobrov A, Arion V, Kandler N, Ginzinger W, Jakupec M, Rufińska A, et al. The first metal-based paullone derivative with high antiproliferative activity in vitro. Inorg Chem. 2006;45:1945-50 pubmed
    ..The gallium complex was found to be 1.5-18-fold more cytotoxic than HL, with an average IC50 value of 2.0 microM...
  44. Li S, Fuller J, Wang X, Sohnlein B, Bhowmik P, Yang D. Photoelectron spectroscopy and density functional theory of puckered ring structures of Group 13 metal-ethylenediamine. J Chem Phys. 2004;121:7692-700 pubmed
    ..In comparison to monodentate methylamine, the bidentate binding of ethylenediamine leads to a significantly lower ionization potential and higher metal-ligand bond strength of the metal complexes...
  45. Niklas K. Climbing plants: attachment and the ascent for light. Curr Biol. 2011;21:R199-201 pubmed publisher
    How do vines climb upward and harvest sunlight? A detailed study of one species (Galium aparine L.) shows that leaf hairs (trichomes) provide one solution that solves both tasks simultaneously.
  46. Takamatsu S, Heluta V, Havrylenko M, Divarangkoon R. Four powdery mildew species with catenate conidia infect Galium: molecular and morphological evidence. Mycol Res. 2009;113:117-29 pubmed publisher
    ..Erysiphe galii has been known as a powdery mildew of Galium spp. Recently, the former E. galii var. galii has been reassessed as Neoerysiphe galii and E. galii var...
  47. Ho C, Tsai M, Jhuo H, Lien D, Lin C, Tsai S, et al. An energy-harvesting scheme employing CuGaSe2 quantum dot-modified ZnO buffer layers for drastic conversion efficiency enhancement in inorganic-organic hybrid solar cells. Nanoscale. 2013;5:6350-5 pubmed publisher
    ..43%, 7.02% and 6.31%, respectively, giving rise to a 23.8% enhancement in the power conversion efficiency. ..
  48. Smith S, Casellato A, Hadler K, Mitic N, Riley M, Bortoluzzi A, et al. The reaction mechanism of the Ga(III)Zn(II) derivative of uteroferrin and corresponding biomimetics. J Biol Inorg Chem. 2007;12:1207-20 pubmed
  49. Nicol G, Glover L, Prosser J. Spatial analysis of archaeal community structure in grassland soil. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2003;69:7420-9 pubmed
    ..Our findings demonstrate the care required when workers attempt to obtain a representative picture of microbial community structure in the soil environment...