Summary: A plant genus of the family ERICACEAE.

Top Publications

  1. Pilkington M, Caporn S, Carroll J, Cresswell N, Lee J, Emmett B, et al. Effects of increased deposition of atmospheric nitrogen on an upland Calluna moor: N and P transformations. Environ Pollut. 2005;135:469-80 pubmed
    ..were measured in laboratory incubations and root-surface PME activity measured in laboratory microcosms using Calluna vulgaris bioassay seedlings...
  2. Orhan I, Kupeli E, Terzioglu S, Yesilada E. Bioassay-guided isolation of kaempferol-3-O-beta-D-galactoside with anti-inflammatory and antinociceptive activity from the aerial part of Calluna vulgaris L. J Ethnopharmacol. 2007;114:32-7 pubmed
    b>Calluna vulgaris L. (Ericaceae) is used for the treatment of various inflammatory ailments in traditional medicines...
  3. Pilkington M, Caporn S, Carroll J, Cresswell N, Lee J, Emmett B, et al. Phosphorus supply influences heathland responses to atmospheric nitrogen deposition. Environ Pollut. 2007;148:191-200 pubmed
    On an upland moor dominated by pioneer Calluna vulgaris and with an understorey of mosses and lichens, experimental plots were treated with factorial combinations of nitrogen (N) at +0 and +20kg Nha(-1)yr(-1), and phosphorus (P) at +0 ..
  4. Rowe E, Smart S, Kennedy V, Emmett B, Evans C. Nitrogen deposition increases the acquisition of phosphorus and potassium by heather Calluna vulgaris. Environ Pollut. 2008;155:201-7 pubmed publisher
    ..In a survey of element concentrations in Calluna vulgaris across an N deposition gradient in the UK, shoot concentrations of N and more surprisingly phosphorus ..
  5. Saaby L, Rasmussen H, Jäger A. MAO-A inhibitory activity of quercetin from Calluna vulgaris (L.) Hull. J Ethnopharmacol. 2009;121:178-81 pubmed publisher
    This study investigated MAO-A inhibitory activity of methanol extract of Calluna vulgaris (L.) Hull., which traditionally has been used as a nerve calming remedy.
  6. Edmondson J, Carroll J, Price E, Caporn S. Bio-indicators of nitrogen pollution in heather moorland. Sci Total Environ. 2010;408:6202-9 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Calluna vulgaris N:P ratios and litter extractable N were positively correlated with N deposition...
  7. Filip A, Clichici S, Daicoviciu D, Catoi C, Bolfa P, Postescu I, et al. Chemopreventive effects of Calluna vulgaris and Vitis vinifera extracts on UVB-induced skin damage in SKH-1 hairless mice. J Physiol Pharmacol. 2011;62:385-92 pubmed
    ..The study investigated the protective activity of Calluna vulgaris (Cv) and red grape seeds (Vitis vinifera L, Burgund Mare variety) (BM) extracts in vivo on UVB-induced ..
  8. Cuesta D, Taboada A, Calvo L, Salgado J. Short- and medium-term effects of experimental nitrogen fertilization on arthropods associated with Calluna vulgaris heathlands in north-west Spain. Environ Pollut. 2008;152:394-402 pubmed
    ..effects of experimental nitrogen fertilization (3 and 15 months after the treatment) on the arthropods of Calluna vulgaris heathlands in NW Spain...
  9. Perde Schrepler M, Cherecheş G, Brie L, Virag P, Barbos O, Soritau O, et al. Photoprotective effect of Calluna vulgaris extract against UVB-induced phototoxicity in human immortalized keratinocytes. J Environ Pathol Toxicol Oncol. 2011;30:323-31 pubmed
    ..The aim of our study was to investigate the protective effect of a Calluna vulgaris extract in human keratinocytes (HaCaT) exposed to ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation...

More Information


  1. Spindelböck J, Cook Z, Daws M, Heegaard E, Måren I, Vandvik V. Conditional cold avoidance drives between-population variation in germination behaviour in Calluna vulgaris. Ann Bot. 2013;112:801-10 pubmed publisher
  2. Behrend A, Borchert T, Spiller M, Hohe A. AFLP-based genetic mapping of the "bud-flowering" trait in heather (Calluna vulgaris). BMC Genet. 2013;14:64 pubmed publisher
    b>Calluna vulgaris is one of the most important landscaping plants produced in Germany. Its enormous economic success is due to the prolonged flower attractiveness of mutants in flower morphology, the so-called bud-bloomers...
  3. Kuprian E, Tuong T, Pfaller K, Wagner J, Livingston D, Neuner G. Persistent Supercooling of Reproductive Shoots Is Enabled by Structural Ice Barriers Being Active Despite an Intact Xylem Connection. PLoS ONE. 2016;11:e0163160 pubmed publisher
    ..The reproductive shoot of Calluna vulgaris is able to supercool down to below -22°C throughout all developmental stages (shoot elongation, ..
  4. Grau Andrés R, Davies G, Gray A, Scott E, Waldron S. Fire severity is more sensitive to low fuel moisture content on Calluna heathlands than on peat bogs. Sci Total Environ. 2018;616-617:1261-1269 pubmed publisher
    Moorland habitats dominated by the dwarf shrub Calluna vulgaris provide important ecosystem services...
  5. Descamps C, Moquet L, Migon M, Jacquemart A. Diversity of the Insect Visitors on Calluna vulgaris (Ericaceae) in Southern France Heathlands. J Insect Sci. 2015;15:130 pubmed publisher
    ..networks in European heathlands, the objective of this study was to assess the insect visitor guild on Calluna vulgaris (L.) Hull (Ericaceae)...
  6. Wojtuń B, Samecka Cymerman A, Żołnierz L, Rajsz A, Kempers A. Vascular plants as ecological indicators of metals in alpine vegetation (Karkonosze, SW Poland). Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2017;24:20093-20103 pubmed publisher
    b>Calluna vulgaris, Carex rigida, Deschampsia flexuosa, Nardus stricta and Vaccinium myrtillus are abundant in the vegetation of mountainous areas in Northern and Central Europe...
  7. Timonen S, Sinkko H, Sun H, Sietiö O, Rinta Kanto J, Kiheri H, et al. Ericoid Roots and Mycospheres Govern Plant-Specific Bacterial Communities in Boreal Forest Humus. Microb Ecol. 2017;73:939-953 pubmed publisher
    ..this study, the bacterial populations of roots and mycospheres of the boreal pine forest ericoid plants, heather (Calluna vulgaris), bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus), and lingonberry (Vaccinium vitis-idaea), were studied by qPCR and next-..
  8. Field C, Evans C, Dise N, Hall J, Caporn S. Long-term nitrogen deposition increases heathland carbon sequestration. Sci Total Environ. 2017;592:426-435 pubmed publisher
    ..above ambient), with evidence of saturation at the highest N treatment, reflecting a physiologically aged Calluna vulgaris (Calluna) canopy...
  9. Calvo Fernández J, Taboada Ã, Fichtner A, Härdtle W, Calvo L, Marcos E. Time- and age-related effects of experimentally simulated nitrogen deposition on the functioning of montane heathland ecosystems. Sci Total Environ. 2018;613-614:149-159 pubmed publisher
    Ecosystems adapted to low nitrogen (N) conditions such as Calluna-heathlands are especially sensitive to enhanced atmospheric N deposition that affects many aspects of ecosystem functioning like nutrient cycling, soil properties and ..
  10. Santana V, Alday J, Lee H, Allen K, Marrs R. Modelling Carbon Emissions in Calluna vulgaris-Dominated Ecosystems when Prescribed Burning and Wildfires Interact. PLoS ONE. 2016;11:e0167137 pubmed publisher
    ..Biomass-accumulation curves from four Calluna-dominated ecosystems along a north-south gradient in Great Britain were calculated and used within a matrix-model ..
  11. Delerue F, Gonzalez M, Achat D, Puzos L, Augusto L. Competition along productivity gradients: news from heathlands. Oecologia. 2018;187:219-231 pubmed publisher
    ..We cultivated two emblematic species of European heathlands (Calluna vulgaris and Molinia caerulea) in a nursery for 2 years at two fertility levels, reproducing the productivity ..
  12. Hamim A, Miché L, Douaik A, Mrabet R, Ouhammou A, Duponnois R, et al. Diversity of fungal assemblages in roots of Ericaceae in two Mediterranean contrasting ecosystems. C R Biol. 2017;340:226-237 pubmed publisher
    ..The objective of the current study was to identify cultivable mycobionts from roots of nine species of Ericaceae (Calluna vulgaris, Erica arborea, Erica australis, Erica umbellate, Erica scoparia, Erica multiflora, Arbutus unedo, ..
  13. Saric S, Sivamani R. Polyphenols and Sunburn. Int J Mol Sci. 2016;17: pubmed publisher
    ..Polyphenol sources included the following plant origins: green tea, white tea, cocoa, Romanian propolis (RP), Calluna vulgaris (Cv), grape seeds, honeybush, and Lepidium meyenii (maca). Eight studies examined green tea...
  14. Lucas A, Bodger O, Brosi B, Ford C, Forman D, Greig C, et al. Floral resource partitioning by individuals within generalised hoverfly pollination networks revealed by DNA metabarcoding. Sci Rep. 2018;8:5133 pubmed publisher
    ..Most pollen recorded came from plant taxa frequently found at our study sites, predominantly Apiaceae, Cardueae, Calluna vulgaris, Rubus fruticosus agg...
  15. Bjerke J, Treharne R, Vikhamar Schuler D, Karlsen S, Ravolainen V, Bokhorst S, et al. Understanding the drivers of extensive plant damage in boreal and Arctic ecosystems: Insights from field surveys in the aftermath of damage. Sci Total Environ. 2017;599-600:1965-1976 pubmed publisher
    ..In boreal Norway, 38-63% of Calluna vulgaris shoots were dead, while Vaccinium myrtillus had damage to 91% of shoots in forested sites, but was ..
  16. Ward S, Orwin K, Ostle N, Briones J, Thomson B, Griffiths R, et al. Vegetation exerts a greater control on litter decomposition than climate warming in peatlands. Ecology. 2015;96:113-23 pubmed
    ..the effects of warming and vegetation change on decomposition rates, we placed litter of three dominant species (Calluna vulgaris, Eriophorum vaginatum, Hypnum jutlandicum) into a peatland field experiment that combined warming...
  17. Mróz T, Łokas E, Kocurek J, Gąsiorek M. Atmospheric fallout radionuclides in peatland from Southern Poland. J Environ Radioact. 2017;175-176:25-33 pubmed publisher
    ..The highest activities of 137Cs and 210Pb were found in Calluna vulgaris samples, and 239+240Pu were found only in two samples (C...
  18. Sheppard L, Leith I, Crossley A, van Dijk N, Fowler D, Sutton M, et al. Stress responses of Calluna vulgaris to reduced and oxidised N applied under 'real world conditions'. Environ Pollut. 2008;154:404-13 pubmed publisher
    ..implications of reduced and oxidised N, applied under 'real world' conditions, since May 2002, are reported for Calluna growing on an ombrotrophic bog...
  19. Saunders L, Tompkins D, Hudson P. Strategies for nematode transmission: selective migration of Trichostrongylus tenuis infective larvae. J Helminthol. 2001;75:367-72 pubmed
    ..Red grouse feed predominantly on heather, Calluna vulgaris, so we predict that the infective larvae (L3) of the caecal nematode Trichostrongylus tenuis selectively ..
  20. Power S, Barker C, Allchin E, Ashmore M, Bell J. Habitat management: a tool to modify ecosystem impacts of nitrogen deposition?. ScientificWorldJournal. 2001;1 Suppl 2:714-21 pubmed
  21. Taboada A, Marcos E, Calvo L. Disruption of trophic interactions involving the heather beetle by atmospheric nitrogen deposition. Environ Pollut. 2016;218:436-445 pubmed publisher
    Elevated nitrogen (N) deposition impacts the structure and functioning of heathland ecosystems across Europe. Calluna plants under high N-inputs are very sensitive to secondary stress factors, including defoliation attacks by the heather ..
  22. Behrend A, Borchert T, Muller A, Tanzer J, Hohe A. Malformation of gynoecia impedes fertilisation in bud-flowering Calluna vulgaris. Plant Biol (Stuttg). 2013;15:226-32 pubmed publisher
    In Calluna vulgaris, a common bedding plant during autumn in the northern hemisphere, the bud-blooming mutation of flower morphology is of high economic importance...
  23. Britton A, Fisher J. Growth responses of low-alpine dwarf-shrub heath species to nitrogen deposition and management. Environ Pollut. 2008;153:564-73 pubmed
    ..We hypothesised that, despite climatic limitations, low-alpine Calluna heathland would respond to nitrogen addition with increased shoot growth and flowering and that fire and grazing ..
  24. Chen Y, Dumont M, McNamara N, Chamberlain P, Bodrossy L, Stralis Pavese N, et al. Diversity of the active methanotrophic community in acidic peatlands as assessed by mRNA and SIP-PLFA analyses. Environ Microbiol. 2008;10:446-59 pubmed
    The active methanotroph community was investigated for the first time in heather (Calluna)-covered moorlands and Sphagnum/Eriophorum-covered UK peatlands...
  25. Filip A, Daicoviciu D, Clichici S, Mocan T, Muresan A, Postescu I. Photoprotective effects of two natural products on ultraviolet B-induced oxidative stress and apoptosis in SKH-1 mouse skin. J Med Food. 2011;14:761-6 pubmed publisher
    ..We studied the photoprotective activity of Calluna vulgaris and red grape seed (Vitis vinifera L, Burgund Mare variety [BM]) extracts in vivo in an SKH-1 hairless ..
  26. Johnson D, Moore L, GREEN S, Leith I, Sheppard L. Direct and indirect effects of ammonia, ammonium and nitrate on phosphatase activity and carbon fluxes from decomposing litter in peatland. Environ Pollut. 2010;158:3157-63 pubmed publisher
    ..Deposition of NH3 had no effect on efflux of CO2 from Calluna vulgaris litter, despite it showing signs of stress in the field, whereas both NO3 and NH4 reduced CO2 fluxes...
  27. Marrs R, Galtress K, Tong C, Cox E, Blackbird S, Heyes T, et al. Competing conservation goals, biodiversity or ecosystem services: element losses and species recruitment in a managed moorland-bracken model system. J Environ Manage. 2007;85:1034-47 pubmed
    ..Few attempts have been made to define these conflicts. Here, we assess some potential conflicts using a Calluna vulgaris-dominated moorland invaded by bracken (Pteridium aquilinum) as a model system, where the current policy ..
  28. Farmer J, Eades L, Graham M, Cloy J, Bacon J. A comparison of the isotopic composition of lead in rainwater, surface vegetation and tree bark at the long-term monitoring site, Glensaugh, Scotland, in 2007. Sci Total Environ. 2010;408:3704-10 pubmed publisher
    ..The nature and relative extent of the different contributory sources of lead to the current UK atmosphere in the era of unleaded petrol, however, are presently not well characterised on the basis of lead isotopic measurements...
  29. Huttunen S, Riihinen K, Kauhanen J, Tikkanen Kaukanen C. Antimicrobial activity of different Finnish monofloral honeys against human pathogenic bacteria. APMIS. 2013;121:827-34 pubmed publisher
    ..01) against all the tested pathogens was found from willow herb (Epilobium angustifolium), heather (Calluna vulgaris), and buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum) honeys...
  30. Borchert T, Eckardt K, Fuchs J, Kruger K, Hohe A. 'Who's who' in two different flower types of Calluna vulgaris (Ericaceae): morphological and molecular analyses of flower organ identity. BMC Plant Biol. 2009;9:148 pubmed publisher
    The ornamental crop Calluna vulgaris is of increasing importance to the horticultural industry in the northern hemisphere due to a flower organ mutation: the flowers of the 'bud-flowering' phenotype remain closed i.e...
  31. Rosen K, Vinichuk M, Nikolova I, Johanson K. Long-term effects of single potassium fertilization on 137Cs levels in plants and fungi in a boreal forest ecosystem. J Environ Radioact. 2011;102:178-84 pubmed publisher
    ..137)Cs activity concentrations were determined in three low-growing perennial shrubs, heather (Calluna vulgaris), lingonberry (Vaccinium vitis-idaea) and bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus), and in four wild fungal ..
  32. Nicol G, Campbell C, Chapman S, Prosser J. Afforestation of moorland leads to changes in crenarchaeal community structure. FEMS Microbiol Ecol. 2007;60:51-9 pubmed
    ..The findings indicate that the afforestation of moorland soils can lead to changes in crenarchaeal community structure with a potential impact on ecosystem function...
  33. Bougoure D, Parkin P, Cairney J, Alexander I, Anderson I. Diversity of fungi in hair roots of Ericaceae varies along a vegetation gradient. Mol Ecol. 2007;16:4624-36 pubmed
    Ericaceous dwarf shrubs including Calluna vulgaris and Vaccinium spp. occur both in open heathland communities and in forest ecosystems as understory vegetation...
  34. Nagy L, Kreyling J, Gellesch E, Beierkuhnlein C, Jentsch A. Recurring weather extremes alter the flowering phenology of two common temperate shrubs. Int J Biometeorol. 2013;57:579-88 pubmed publisher
    ..the effects of heavy rain and drought on the flowering phenology of two shrub species Genista tinctoria and Calluna vulgaris...
  35. Wilson B, Pyatt F. Heavy metal dispersion, persistance, and bioccumulation around an ancient copper mine situated in Anglesey, UK. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2007;66:224-31 pubmed
    ..Extraction of soil, lichens, cattle feces, and Calluna vulgaris L...
  36. Wilson B, Pyatt F. Bio-availability of tungsten in the vicinity of an abandoned mine in the English Lake District and some potential health implications. Sci Total Environ. 2006;370:401-8 pubmed
    ..bioaccumulation of tungsten by two species of plants is indicated and partitioning within different tissues of Calluna vulgaris is demonstrated...
  37. Southon G, Field C, Caporn S, Britton A, Power S. Nitrogen deposition reduces plant diversity and alters ecosystem functioning: field-scale evidence from a nationwide survey of UK heathlands. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e59031 pubmed publisher
  38. Larios R, Fernández Martínez R, Lehecho I, Rucandio I. A methodological approach to evaluate arsenic speciation and bioaccumulation in different plant species from two highly polluted mining areas. Sci Total Environ. 2012;414:600-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Dryopteris filix-mas and Calluna vulgaris (L...
  39. Britton A, Helliwell R, Fisher J, Gibbs S. Interactive effects of nitrogen deposition and fire on plant and soil chemistry in an alpine heathland. Environ Pollut. 2008;156:409-16 pubmed publisher
    ..N addition caused rapid and significant increases in plant tissue N content and N:P and N:K of Calluna vulgaris, suggesting increasing phosphorus and potassium limitation of growth...
  40. Cundill A, Chapman P, Adamson J. Spatial variation in concentrations of dissolved nitrogen species in an upland blanket peat catchment. Sci Total Environ. 2007;373:166-77 pubmed
    ..between the concentrations of NO3-N and dissolved organic nitrogen (DON) and percentage catchment cover of Calluna/Eriophorum and Eriophorum vegetation were found...
  41. Rieger G, Muller M, Guttenberger H, Bucar F. Influence of altitudinal variation on the content of phenolic compounds in wild populations of Calluna vulgaris, Sambucus nigra, and Vaccinium myrtillus. J Agric Food Chem. 2008;56:9080-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Herbs of Calluna vulgaris (L.) HULL, flowers and fruits of Sambucus nigra L., and berries of Vaccinium myrtillus L...
  42. van den Berg L, Peters C, Ashmore M, Roelofs J. Reduced nitrogen has a greater effect than oxidised nitrogen on dry heathland vegetation. Environ Pollut. 2008;154:359-69 pubmed publisher
    ..Thymus serpyllum, the grasses Danthonia decumbens, Deschampsia flexuosa, Nardus stricta and the shrub Calluna vulgaris was recorded. The forb A. dioica and the grass D...
  43. Heger T, Derungs N, Theurillat J, Mitchell E. Testate Amoebae Like It Hot: Species Richness Decreases Along a Subalpine-Alpine Altitudinal Gradient in Both Natural Calluna vulgaris Litter and Transplanted Minuartia sedoides Cushions. Microb Ecol. 2016;71:725-34 pubmed publisher
    ..We assessed the diversity and community structure of testate amoebae in two specific habitats: (1) natural Calluna vulgaris litter and (2) Minuartia sedoides cushions 7 years after their transplantation along a vertical transect ..
  44. Edmondson J, Terribile E, Carroll J, Price E, Caporn S. The legacy of nitrogen pollution in heather moorlands: ecosystem response to simulated decline in nitrogen deposition over seven years. Sci Total Environ. 2013;444:138-44 pubmed publisher
    ..N pollution on heather moorland were investigated throughout the ecosystem including; the dominant plant species, Calluna vulgaris, the bryophyte and lichen community and the soil system using a long-term experiment simulating wet N ..
  45. Szakiel A, Niżyński B, Paczkowski C. Triterpenoid profile of flower and leaf cuticular waxes of heather Calluna vulgaris. Nat Prod Res. 2013;27:1404-7 pubmed publisher
    ..This report provides the first thorough overview of the triterpenoid composition of cuticular waxes of heather...
  46. Filip G, Postescu I, Tatomir C, Muresan A, Clichici S. Calluna vulgaris extract modulates NF-?B/ERK signaling pathway and matrix metalloproteinase expression in SKH-1 hairless mice skin exposed to ultraviolet B irradiation. J Physiol Pharmacol. 2012;63:423-32 pubmed
    ..The aim of the study was to assess the mechanisms involved in the action of a Calluna vulgaris (Cv) extract, administered in single or multiple doses (10 consecutive days), on UVB-induced skin damage ..
  47. Dezmirean G, Mărghitaş L, Bobiş O, Dezmirean D, Bonta V, Erler S. Botanical origin causes changes in nutritional profile and antioxidant activity of fermented products obtained from honey. J Agric Food Chem. 2012;60:8028-35 pubmed publisher
    ..After fermentation, the flavonoid content of dark honey fermented products decreased significantly. Black locust and linden honeys are more suitable for fermentation because the decrease in antioxidant substances is less pronounced...
  48. Ferreira L, Celaya R, Santos A, Guedes C, Rodrigues M, Mayes R, et al. Evaluation of long-chain alcohols as diet composition markers in goats grazing heathland areas. Animal. 2012;6:683-92 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Calluna vulgaris and Ulex gallii) in an attempt to simulate diet selection of goats on these complex vegetation areas...
  49. Albert K, Mikkelsen T, Michelsen A, Ro Poulsen H, van der Linden L. Interactive effects of drought, elevated CO2 and warming on photosynthetic capacity and photosystem performance in temperate heath plants. J Plant Physiol. 2011;168:1550-61 pubmed publisher
    ..periodic drought (D), we investigated photosynthetic capacity and PSII performance in the evergreen dwarf shrub Calluna vulgaris and the grass Deschampsia flexuosa in a temperate heath ecosystem...
  50. Moreno Gonzalo J, Osoro K, Garcia U, Frutos P, Celaya R, Ferreira L, et al. Anthelmintic effect of heather in goats experimentally infected with Trichostrongylus colubriformis. Parasitol Res. 2014;113:693-9 pubmed publisher
    The effects of heather (composed primarily of Calluna vulgaris with a smaller content of Erica umbellata and Erica cinerea) consumption on the establishment of incoming infective larvae (experiment 1, preventive treatment) and an adult ..
  51. Parveen I, Moorby J, Fraser M, Allison G, Kopka J. Application of gas chromatography-mass spectrometry metabolite profiling techniques to the analysis of heathland plant diets of sheep. J Agric Food Chem. 2007;55:1129-38 pubmed nine specific heathland plant groups and in three mixed forage diets containing 10, 20, or 30% heather (Calluna vulgaris) and also in plasma and feces from sheep offered one of the three diets...
  52. Fraser M, Theobald V, Moorby J. Determining diet composition on complex swards using n-alkanes and long-chain fatty alcohols. Ecol Appl. 2006;16:1901-10 pubmed
    ..We cut forage from two indigenous vegetation communities, a Molinia caerulea-dominated grassland and a Calluna vulgaris-dominated dwarf-shrub community, and offered it to mature ewes in different ratios in a zero-grazing ..
  53. Olteanu E, Filip A, Clichici S, Daicoviciu D, Achim M, Postescu I, et al. Photochemoprotective effect of Calluna vulgaris extract on skin exposed to multiple doses of ultraviolet B in SKH-1 hairless mice. J Environ Pathol Toxicol Oncol. 2012;31:233-43 pubmed
    ..We investigated the activity of Calluna vulgaris (Cv) delivered via a hydrogel on 3 main pathways (oxidative stress, inflammation, DNA damage) on skin ..
  54. Singh B, Nazaries L, Munro S, Anderson I, Campbell C. Use of multiplex terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism for rapid and simultaneous analysis of different components of the soil microbial community. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2006;72:7278-85 pubmed
    ..rhizosphere bacterial, fungal, and rhizobial/agrobacterial communities associated with the dwarf shrub Calluna vulgaris growing in either open moorland, a mature pine forest, or a transition zone between these two habitats ..
  55. Micieta K, Murín G. Retrospective biomonitoring: a hundred years of environmental pollution at selected areas in Slovakia. J Environ Pathol Toxicol Oncol. 1999;18:335-8 pubmed
    Tetrade analyses of Calluna vulgaris from herbarium specimens showed significant differences in the frequency of aborted pollen tetrads over the last 100 years within various parts of Slovakia...
  56. Borchert T, Krueger J, Hohe A. Implementation of a model for identifying Essentially Derived Varieties in vegetatively propagated Calluna vulgaris varieties. BMC Genet. 2008;9:56 pubmed publisher
    ..This applies equally to Calluna vulgaris, a vegetatively propagated species from the Ericaceae family that belongs to the top-selling pot plants ..
  57. Albert K, Ro Poulsen H, Mikkelsen T, Michelsen A, van der Linden L, Beier C. Effects of elevated CO?, warming and drought episodes on plant carbon uptake in a temperate heath ecosystem are controlled by soil water status. Plant Cell Environ. 2011;34:1207-22 pubmed publisher
    ..CO?, periodic drought and warming on photosynthesis and leaf characteristics of the evergreen dwarf shrub Calluna vulgaris in a temperate heath ecosystem was investigated...