drosera

Summary

Summary: A plant genus of the family Droseraceae, order Nepenthales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida, that contains naphthoquinone glucosides. The name sundew is rarely used for PYROLA.

Top Publications

  1. Ferreira D, Andrei C, Saridakis H, Faria T, Vinhato E, Carvalho K, et al. Antimicrobial activity and chemical investigation of Brazilian Drosera. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz. 2004;99:753-5 pubmed
    The antimicrobial activity of three different extracts (hexanic, ethyl acetate, methanol) obtained from Brazilian Drosera species (D. communis, D. montana var. montana, D. brevifolia, D. villosa var. graomogolensis, D. villosa var...
  2. Quilliam R, Jones D. Fungal root endophytes of the carnivorous plant Drosera rotundifolia. Mycorrhiza. 2010;20:341-8 pubmed publisher
    ..impacts on plant communities, we aim to determine the extent of fungal root colonisation of the carnivorous plant Drosera rotundifolia at two points in the growing season (spring and summer)...
  3. Wang Q, Su J, Zeng L. [The isolation and identification of flavonoids from Drosera burmannii]. Zhong Yao Cai. 1998;21:401-3 pubmed
    Two flavonoid compounds were isolated from the whole plants of Drosera burmannii Vahl. They were identified as quercetin (I) and hyperoside (II) by means of physicochemical properties and spectral analysis (UV, IR, 1HNMR, 13CNMR and MS).
  4. Hoyo Y, Tsuyuzaki S. Characteristics of leaf shapes among two parental Drosera species and a hybrid examined by canonical discriminant analysis and a hierarchical Bayesian model. Am J Bot. 2013;100:817-23 pubmed publisher
  5. Libantová J, Kämäräinen T, Moravčíková J, Matušíková I, Salaj J. Detection of chitinolytic enzymes with different substrate specificity in tissues of intact sundew (Drosera rotundifolia L.): chitinases in sundew tissues. Mol Biol Rep. 2009;36:851-6 pubmed publisher
    The round-leaf sundew (Drosera rotundifolia L.) is a carnivorous plant expressing a wide range of chitinolytic enzymes playing role in many different processes...
  6. Okabe T, Yoshimoto I, Hitoshi M, Ogawa T, Ohyama T. An S-like ribonuclease gene is used to generate a trap-leaf enzyme in the carnivorous plant Drosera adelae. FEBS Lett. 2005;579:5729-33 pubmed
    ..We report that a sticky digestive liquid from a sundew, Drosera adelae, contains an abundant amount of an S-like ribonuclease (RNase) that shows high amino acid-sequence ..
  7. Lenaghan S, Serpersu K, Xia L, He W, Zhang M. A naturally occurring nanomaterial from the Sundew (Drosera) for tissue engineering. Bioinspir Biomim. 2011;6:046009 pubmed publisher
    ..This study evaluated the ability of a naturally secreted polysaccharide adhesive from the Sundew (Drosera capensis) as a support for cell growth...
  8. Kawiak A, Krolicka A, Łojkowska E. In vitro cultures of Drosera aliciae as a source of a cytotoxic naphthoquinone: ramentaceone. Biotechnol Lett. 2011;33:2309-16 pubmed publisher
    A protocol for the in vitro propagation of Drosera aliciae to increase the yield of the naphthoquinone, ramentaceone, was developed...
  9. Kawiak A, Zawacka Pankau J, Wasilewska A, Stasilojc G, Bigda J, Lojkowska E. Induction of apoptosis in HL-60 cells through the ROS-mediated mitochondrial pathway by ramentaceone from Drosera aliciae. J Nat Prod. 2012;75:9-14 pubmed publisher
    Ramentaceone (1) is a naphthoquinone constituent of Drosera aliciae that exhibits potent cytotoxic activity against various tumor cell lines. However, its molecular mechanism of cell death induction has still not been determined...

More Information

Publications68

  1. Rivadavia F, de Miranda V, Hoogenstrijd G, Pinheiro F, Heubl G, Fleischmann A. Is Drosera meristocaulis a pygmy sundew? Evidence of a long-distance dispersal between Western Australia and northern South America. Ann Bot. 2012;110:11-21 pubmed publisher
    ..The carnivorous Drosera meristocaulis (Droseraceae), endemic to the Neblina highlands of northern South America, was known to share ..
  2. Matušíková I, Salaj J, Moravčíková J, Mlynárová L, Nap J, Libantová J. Tentacles of in vitro-grown round-leaf sundew (Drosera rotundifolia L.) show induction of chitinase activity upon mimicking the presence of prey. Planta. 2005;222:1020-7 pubmed
    ..chitinases in the leaves of a carnivorous plant was demonstrated using aseptically grown round-leaf sundew (Drosera rotundifolia L.)...
  3. Behie S, Bidochka M. Insects as a Nitrogen Source for Plants. Insects. 2013;4:413-24 pubmed publisher
    ..Insect carnivorous plants such as pitcher plants and sundews (Nepenthaceae/Sarraceniaceae and Drosera respectively) are able to obtain substantial amounts of nitrogen from the insects that they capture...
  4. Pavlovic A, Krausko M, Adamec L. A carnivorous sundew plant prefers protein over chitin as a source of nitrogen from its traps. Plant Physiol Biochem. 2016;104:11-6 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, the nutritional value of chitin and protein and their digestion traits in the carnivorous sundew Drosera capensis L. were estimated using stable nitrogen isotope abundance...
  5. Jopčík M, Moravčíková J, Matušíková I, Bauer M, Rajninec M, Libantová J. Structural and functional characterisation of a class I endochitinase of the carnivorous sundew (Drosera rotundifolia L.). Planta. 2017;245:313-327 pubmed publisher
    Chitinase gene from the carnivorous plant, Drosera rotundifolia , was cloned and functionally characterised...
  6. Sharma S, Yamamoto M, Mukai Y. Dual modified antiphospho (Ser10)-acetyl (Lys14)-histone H3 predominantly mark the pericentromeric chromatin during mitosis in monokinetic plants. J Genet. 2016;95:965-973 pubmed
    ..families (five dicots and three monocots) including land plants, epiphytes (orchids) and the holokinetic taxa (Drosera spp...
  7. Bauer U, Paulin M, Robert D, Sutton G. Mechanism for rapid passive-dynamic prey capture in a pitcher plant. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2015;112:13384-9 pubmed publisher
    ..and an order of magnitude faster than the snap traps of Venus flytraps and catapulting tentacles of the sundew Drosera glanduligera. In contrast to these active movements, the N...
  8. Braunberger C, Zehl M, Conrad J, Wawrosch C, Strohbach J, Beifuss U, et al. Flavonoids as chemotaxonomic markers in the genus Drosera. Phytochemistry. 2015;118:74-82 pubmed publisher
    The botanical classification of the huge genus Drosera remains controversial since long...
  9. Veleba A, Smarda P, Zedek F, Horova L, Smerda J, Bures P. Evolution of genome size and genomic GC content in carnivorous holokinetics (Droseraceae). Ann Bot. 2017;119:409-416 pubmed publisher
    ..largest carnivorous family, Droseraceae, where this evolution may be affected by chromosomal holokinetism in Drosera METHODS: The genome size and genomic GC content of 71 Droseraceae species were measured by flow cytometry...
  10. Ghate N, Das A, Chaudhuri D, Panja S, Mandal N. Sundew plant, a potential source of anti-inflammatory agents, selectively induces G2/M arrest and apoptosis in MCF-7 cells through upregulation of p53 and Bax/Bcl-2 ratio. Cell Death Discov. 2016;2:15062 pubmed publisher
    ..Several species of Drosera (family: Droseraceae) are used in various traditional as well as homeopathic systems of medicine...
  11. Unhelkar M, Duong V, Enendu K, Kelly J, Tahir S, Butts C, et al. Structure prediction and network analysis of chitinases from the Cape sundew, Drosera capensis. Biochim Biophys Acta Gen Subj. 2017;1861:636-643 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we compare chitinases from the genome of the carnivorous plant Drosera capensis to those from related carnivorous plants and model organisms...
  12. Michalko J, Renner T, Mészáros P, Socha P, Moravčíková J, Blehová A, et al. Molecular characterization and evolution of carnivorous sundew (Drosera rotundifolia L.) class V ?-1,3-glucanase. Planta. 2017;245:77-91 pubmed publisher
    ..As available gene sequences from carnivorous plants are rare, we isolated a glucanase gene from roundleaf sundew (Drosera rotundifolia L.) by a genome walking approach...
  13. Fleischmann A, Rivadavia F, Gonella P, Pérez Bañón C, Mengual X, Rojo S. Where Is My Food? Brazilian Flower Fly Steals Prey from Carnivorous Sundews in a Newly Discovered Plant-Animal Interaction. PLoS ONE. 2016;11:e0153900 pubmed publisher
    ..Syrphidae: Syrphinae) have been found scavenging on the sticky leaves of several carnivorous sundew species (Drosera, Droseraceae) in Minas Gerais and São Paulo states, SE Brazil...
  14. Arai N, Nishimura E, Kikuchi Y, Ohyama T. Functional analyses of carnivorous plant-specific amino acid residues in S-like ribonucleases. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2015;465:108-12 pubmed publisher
    ..function were explored in the current study by preparing five recombinant variants of DA-I, the S-like RNase of Drosera adelae...
  15. Chung Y. Whooping Cough Alleviated by Homeopathic Medicines: A Case Report. Altern Ther Health Med. 2017;: pubmed
    ..patients all received 1 dose weekly of a 30c dilution of homeopathic pertussinum and a 6c dilution of homeopathic Drosera 3 times daily...
  16. Guo Q, Dai E, Han X, Xie S, Chao E, Chen Z. Fast nastic motion of plants and bioinspired structures. J R Soc Interface. 2015;12:0598 pubmed publisher
    ..of such thigmonastic movements in several representative plants, including Dionaea, Utricularia, Aldrovanda, Drosera and Mimosa...
  17. Butts C, Bierma J, Martin R. Novel proteases from the genome of the carnivorous plant Drosera capensis: Structural prediction and comparative analysis. Proteins. 2016;84:1517-33 pubmed publisher
    In his 1875 monograph on insectivorous plants, Darwin described the feeding reactions of Drosera flypaper traps and predicted that their secretions contained a "ferment" similar to mammalian pepsin, an aspartic protease...
  18. Michalko J, Socha P, Mészáros P, Blehová A, Libantová J, Moravčíková J, et al. Glucan-rich diet is digested and taken up by the carnivorous sundew (Drosera rotundifolia L.): implication for a novel role of plant ?-1,3-glucanases. Planta. 2013;238:715-25 pubmed publisher
    ..a single acidic endo-?-1,3-glucanase of ~50 kDa is present in the digestive fluid of the flypaper-trapped sundew (Drosera rotundifolia L.)...
  19. Poppinga S, Masselter T, Speck T. Faster than their prey: new insights into the rapid movements of active carnivorous plants traps. Bioessays. 2013;35:649-57 pubmed publisher
  20. Grevenstuk T, Gonçalves S, Domingos T, Quintas C, van der Hooft J, Vervoort J, et al. Inhibitory activity of plumbagin produced by Drosera intermedia on food spoilage fungi. J Sci Food Agric. 2012;92:1638-42 pubmed publisher
    The aim of this study was to investigate the growth-inhibiting efficacy of Drosera intermedia extracts (water, methanol and n-hexane) against four food spoilage yeasts and five filamentous fungi strains responsible for food deterioration ..
  21. Wang Q, Shu J, Zeng L. [Chemical constituents of Drosera peltata Smith var. lunata (Buch.-Ham.) C.B. clarke collected in Tibet]. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 1998;23:683-4, 704 pubmed
    To investigate the chemical constituents of the whole plant of Drosera peltata var. lunata collected in Tibet.
  22. El Sayed A, Byers J, Suckling D. Pollinator-prey conflicts in carnivorous plants: When flower and trap properties mean life or death. Sci Rep. 2016;6:21065 pubmed publisher
    ..In Drosera spatulata and D...
  23. Kämäräinen T, Uusitalo J, Jalonen J, Laine K, Hohtola A. Regional and habitat differences in 7-methyljuglone content of Finnish Drosera rotundifolia. Phytochemistry. 2003;63:309-14 pubmed
    The concentration of 7-methyljuglone was studied in the round-leaved sundew Drosera rotundifolia L. collected from different regions in Northern Finland. Samples for analysis were collected from peat bogs and sandpit habitats...
  24. Krenn L, Beyer G, Pertz H, Karall E, Kremser M, Galambosi B, et al. In vitro antispasmodic and anti-inflammatory effects of Drosera rotundifolia. Arzneimittelforschung. 2004;54:402-5 pubmed
    In investigations of the anti-inflammatory and spasmolytic effects of Drosera rotundifolia two extracts were tested in different in vitro assays...
  25. Paper D, Karall E, Kremser M, Krenn L. Comparison of the antiinflammatory effects of Drosera rotundifolia and Drosera madagascariensis in the HET-CAM assay. Phytother Res. 2005;19:323-6 pubmed
    The antiinflammatory effects of ethanol and aqueous extracts from Drosera rotundifolia and from Drosera madagascariensis were compared in vivo in the HET-CAM assay. Both extracts from D. rotundifolia and the ethanol extract from D...
  26. Ali A, Assimopoulou A, Papageorgiou V, Kolodziej H. Structure/antileishmanial activity relationship study of naphthoquinones and dependency of the mode of action on the substitution patterns. Planta Med. 2011;77:2003-12 pubmed publisher
    ..Conspicuously, members oxygenated in the quinone ring proved to be leishmanicidal when coincubated with glutathione, while the majority of the remaining compounds lost activity...
  27. Grevenstuk T, Gonçalves S, Almeida S, Coelho N, Quintas C, Gaspar M, et al. Evaluation of the antioxidant and antimicrobial properties of in vitro cultured Drosera intermedia extracts. Nat Prod Commun. 2009;4:1063-8 pubmed
    Evaluation of the antioxidant activity of the methanol, water and n-hexane extracts of Drosera intermedia, determined by the Folin-Ciocalteau (F-C), trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity (TEAC) and oxygen radical antioxidant capacity (..
  28. Chung M, López Pujol J, Chung M. Population history of the two carnivorous plants Drosera peltata var. nipponica and Drosera rotundifolia (Droseraceae) in Korea. Am J Bot. 2013;100:2231-9 pubmed publisher
    b>Drosera peltata var. nipponica, an element of the East Asia warm-temperate vegetation, and D...
  29. Egan P, van der Kooy F. Phytochemistry of the carnivorous sundew genus Drosera (Droseraceae) - future perspectives and ethnopharmacological relevance. Chem Biodivers. 2013;10:1774-90 pubmed publisher
    Species of the carnivorous genus Drosera L. have long been a source of valuable natural products...
  30. Jennings D, Krupa J, Raffel T, Rohr J. Evidence for competition between carnivorous plants and spiders. Proc Biol Sci. 2010;277:3001-8 pubmed publisher
    ..potential competition between these taxa, we studied dietary and microhabitat overlap between pink sundews (Drosera capillaris) and wolf spiders (Lycosidae) in the field, and conducted a laboratory experiment examining the ..
  31. Kurup R, Johnson A, Sankar S, Hussain A, Sathish Kumar C, Sabulal B. Fluorescent prey traps in carnivorous plants. Plant Biol (Stuttg). 2013;15:611-5 pubmed
    ..Here, fresh prey traps of 14 Nepenthes, five Sarracenia, five Drosera, two Pinguicula species/hybrids, Dionaea muscipula and Utricularia stellaris were scanned at UV 366 nm...
  32. Poppinga S, Hartmeyer S, Seidel R, Masselter T, Hartmeyer I, Speck T. Catapulting tentacles in a sticky carnivorous plant. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e45735 pubmed publisher
    ..We show that Drosera glanduligera, a sundew from southern Australia, features a sophisticated catapult mechanism: Prey animals walking ..
  33. Murali P, Rajasekaran S, Paramesh P, Krishnarajasekar O, Vasudevan S, Nalini K, et al. Plant-based formulation in the management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a randomized double-blind study. Respir Med. 2006;100:39-45 pubmed
  34. Akagi T, Osawa K. Possible input of nitrogen of visitors' origin on a protected peatland. Environ Manage. 2005;35:461-7 pubmed
    ..and sundew (Drosera rotundifolia) in the peatland were analyzed...
  35. Millett J, Svensson B, Newton J, Rydin H. Reliance on prey-derived nitrogen by the carnivorous plant Drosera rotundifolia decreases with increasing nitrogen deposition. New Phytol. 2012;195:182-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we investigated the uptake of N via roots versus prey of the carnivorous plant Drosera rotundifolia growing in ombrotrophic bogs along a latitudinal N deposition gradient through Sweden, using a ..
  36. Hohtola A. Bioactive compounds from northern plants. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2010;698:99-109 pubmed
    ..Round-leaved sundew (Drosera rotundifolia L.) has circumboreal distribution...
  37. Marczak L, Kawiak A, Lojkowska E, Stobiecki M. Secondary metabolites in in vitro cultured plants of the genus Drosera. Phytochem Anal. 2005;16:143-9 pubmed
    Extracts from plantlets of different species of the genus Drosera, grown as in vitro cultures, were evaluated for the level of phenolic secondary metabolites from the group of naphthoquinones and flavonols...
  38. Kawiak A, Piosik J, Stasilojc G, Gwizdek Wisniewska A, Marczak L, Stobiecki M, et al. Induction of apoptosis by plumbagin through reactive oxygen species-mediated inhibition of topoisomerase II. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. 2007;223:267-76 pubmed
    ..Thus, these findings strongly suggest ROS-mediated inhibition of Topo II as an important mechanism contributing to the apoptosis-inducing properties of plumbagin...
  39. Fuchs B, Haselwandter K. Red list plants: colonization by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and dark septate endophytes. Mycorrhiza. 2004;14:277-81 pubmed
    ..we determined the mycorrhizal status of Serratula tinctoria (Asteraceae), Betonica officinalis (Lamiaceae), Drosera intermedia (Droseraceae) and Lycopodiella inundata (Lycopodiaceae), occurring at one of two wetland sites (fen ..
  40. Pennisi E. Plant evolution. Elaborate carnivorous plants prove to be kin. Science. 2002;297:1626 pubmed
  41. Melzig M, Pertz H, Krenn L. Anti-inflammatory and spasmolytic activity of extracts from Droserae herba. Phytomedicine. 2001;8:225-9 pubmed
    An ethanolic extract of Drosera madagascariensis inhibited human neutrophil elastase with an IC50 of 9.4 microg/ml. The naphthoquinones present in the extract were not responsible for this effect, but flavonoids like quercetin (IC50 0...
  42. Jennings D, Congelosi A, Rohr J. Insecticides reduce survival and the expression of traits associated with carnivory of carnivorous plants. Ecotoxicology. 2012;21:569-75 pubmed publisher
    ..and malathion) on survival and the expression of traits associated with carnivory of pink sundews (Drosera capillaris) and Venus flytraps (Dionaea muscipula)...
  43. Kováčik J, Klejdus B, Stork F, Hedbavny J. Prey-induced changes in the accumulation of amino acids and phenolic metabolites in the leaves of Drosera capensis L. Amino Acids. 2012;42:1277-85 pubmed publisher
    ..free amino acids, soluble proteins, phenolic metabolites and mineral nutrients in the leaves of carnivorous plant Drosera capensis was studied...
  44. Li L, Huang J, Xu X, Zhang Y, Cheng K, Yu P. [Study on chemical constituents of Drosera peltata var. multisepala]. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2012;37:222-5 pubmed
    Chemical investigatation of Drosera peltata var. multisepala led to the isolation of eleven compounds using various chromatographic techniques...
  45. Biteau F, Nisse E, Hehn A, Miguel S, Hannewald P, Bourgaud F. A rapid and efficient method for isolating high quality DNA from leaves of carnivorous plants from the Drosera genus. Mol Biotechnol. 2012;51:247-53 pubmed publisher
    b>Drosera rotundifolia, Drosera capensis, and Drosera regia are carnivorous plants of the sundew family, characterized by the presence of stalked and sticky glands on the upper leaf surface, to attract, trap, and digest insects...
  46. Putalun W, Udomsin O, Yusakul G, Juengwatanatrakul T, Sakamoto S, Tanaka H. Enhanced plumbagin production from in vitro cultures of Drosera burmanii using elicitation. Biotechnol Lett. 2010;32:721-4 pubmed publisher
    Methyl jasmonate, 50 microM, 0.5 mg yeast extract/l and 100 mg chitosan/l stimulated plumbagin production in Drosera burmanii whole plant cultures after 6 days of elicitation. Yeast extract (0...
  47. Kokubun T. Occurrence of myo-inositol and alkyl-substituted polysaccharide in the prey-trapping mucilage of Drosera capensis. Naturwissenschaften. 2017;104:83 pubmed publisher
    The chemical composition of the exudate mucilage droplets of the carnivorous plant Drosera capensis was investigated using nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy...
  48. Nakamura Y, Reichelt M, Mayer V, Mithofer A. Jasmonates trigger prey-induced formation of 'outer stomach' in carnivorous sundew plants. Proc Biol Sci. 2013;280:20130228 pubmed publisher
    ..In Drosera capensis fed with fruitflies, within 3 h after prey capture and simultaneous with leaf movement, we detected an ..
  49. Anderson B. Did Drosera evolve long scapes to stop their pollinators from being eaten?. Ann Bot. 2010;106:653-7 pubmed publisher
    ..However, it is also possible that long racemes evolved for better seed dispersal or to make flowers more visible to pollinators...
  50. Sun L, Huang Y, Bian Z, Petrosino J, Fan Z, Wang Y, et al. Sundew-Inspired Adhesive Hydrogels Combined with Adipose-Derived Stem Cells for Wound Healing. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2016;8:2423-34 pubmed publisher
    The potential to harness the unique physical, chemical, and biological properties of the sundew (Drosera) plant's adhesive hydrogels has long intrigued researchers searching for novel wound-healing applications...
  51. Braunberger C, Zehl M, Conrad J, Fischer S, Adhami H, Beifuss U, et al. LC-NMR, NMR, and LC-MS identification and LC-DAD quantification of flavonoids and ellagic acid derivatives in Drosera peltata. J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2013;932:111-6 pubmed publisher
    The herb of Drosera peltata, commonly named the shield sundew, is used as an antitussive in phytotherapy, although the plants' composition has not been determined in detail so far...
  52. Fu S, Sun P, Lu H, Wei J, Xiao H, Fang W, et al. Plant growth-promoting traits of yeasts isolated from the phyllosphere and rhizosphere of Drosera spatulata Lab. Fungal Biol. 2016;120:433-48 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, yeast isolates from the phyllosphere and rhizosphere of the medicinally important plant Drosera spatulata Lab. were assessed for their PGP traits...
  53. Egan P, van der Kooy F. Coproduction and ecological significance of naphthoquinones in carnivorous sundews (Drosera). Chem Biodivers. 2012;9:1033-44 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition, the chemotaxonomic distribution of naphthoquinones (NQs) amongst species of Drosera L. is of phytopharmaceutical interest...
  54. Yesson C, Culham A. Phyloclimatic modeling: combining phylogenetics and bioclimatic modeling. Syst Biol. 2006;55:785-802 pubmed
    ..Diversity within the cosmopolitan carnivorous plant genus Drosera (Droseraceae) is focused within Mediterranean climate regions...
  55. Zehl M, Braunberger C, Conrad J, Crnogorac M, Krasteva S, Vogler B, et al. Identification and quantification of flavonoids and ellagic acid derivatives in therapeutically important Drosera species by LC-DAD, LC-NMR, NMR, and LC-MS. Anal Bioanal Chem. 2011;400:2565-76 pubmed publisher
    ..activity of Droserae herba, an LC-DAD method has been developed for quantification of these analytes in four Drosera species used in medicine (Drosera anglica, D. intermedia, D. madagascariensis, and D. rotundifolia)...
  56. Kováčik J, Klejdus B, Repčáková K. Phenolic metabolites in carnivorous plants: Inter-specific comparison and physiological studies. Plant Physiol Biochem. 2012;52:21-7 pubmed publisher
    ..We have quantified phenolic metabolites in three species: Drosera capensis, Dionaea muscipula and Nepenthes anamensis in the "leaf" (assimilatory part) and the "..
  57. Kolodziej H, Pertz H, Humke A. Main constituents of a commercial Drosera fluid extract and their antagonist activity at muscarinic M3 receptors in guinea-pig ileum. Pharmazie. 2002;57:201-3 pubmed
    The range of known constituents of Drosera species is extended by identification of myricetin 3-O-galactoside, from D. madagascariensis, and (+)-cis-isoshinanolone, obtained from a commercial fluid extract...
  58. Tooker J, Peiffer M, Luthe D, Felton G. Trichomes as sensors: detecting activity on the leaf surface. Plant Signal Behav. 2010;5:73-5 pubmed
    ..Taken together, our results suggest that glandular trichomes can act as sensors that detect activity on the leaf surface, and ready plants for herbivore attack...
  59. Fukushima K, Nagai K, Hoshi Y, Masumoto S, Mikami I, Takahashi Y, et al. Drosera rotundifolia and Drosera tokaiensis suppress the activation of HMC-1 human mast cells. J Ethnopharmacol. 2009;125:90-6 pubmed publisher
    Several Northern Hemisphere Drosera species have been used in the therapy of respiratory tract infections as the traditional medicine Droserae Herba.