opuntia

Summary

Summary: A plant genus of the family CACTACEAE. Species with cylindrical joints are called Cholla; flat jointed ones are Prickly-pear.

Top Publications

  1. Butera D, Tesoriere L, Di Gaudio F, Bongiorno A, Allegra M, Pintaudi A, et al. Antioxidant activities of sicilian prickly pear (Opuntia ficus indica) fruit extracts and reducing properties of its betalains: betanin and indicaxanthin. J Agric Food Chem. 2002;50:6895-901 pubmed
    Sicilian cultivars of prickly pear (Opuntia ficus indica) produce yellow, red, and white fruits, due to the combination of two betalain pigments, the purple-red betanin and the yellow-orange indicaxanthin...
  2. Ahmed M, El Tanbouly N, Islam W, Sleem A, El Senousy A. Antiinflammatory flavonoids from Opuntia dillenii (Ker-Gawl) Haw. flowers growing in Egypt. Phytother Res. 2005;19:807-9 pubmed
    b>Opuntia dillenii (Ker-Gawl) Haw. (Family Cactaceae), is used in folk medicine as an antidiabetic and antiinflammatory...
  3. Feugang J, Konarski P, Zou D, Stintzing F, Zou C. Nutritional and medicinal use of Cactus pear (Opuntia spp.) cladodes and fruits. Front Biosci. 2006;11:2574-89 pubmed
    ..The great number of potentially active nutrients and their multifunctional properties make cactus pear (Opuntia spp.) fruits and cladodes perfect candidates for the production of health-promoting food and food supplements...
  4. Mallona I, Egea Cortines M, Weiss J. Conserved and divergent rhythms of crassulacean acid metabolism-related and core clock gene expression in the cactus Opuntia ficus-indica. Plant Physiol. 2011;156:1978-89 pubmed publisher
    The cactus Opuntia ficus-indica is a constitutive Crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM) species...
  5. Ochoa Alfaro A, Rodríguez Kessler M, Pérez Morales M, Delgado Sánchez P, Cuevas Velazquez C, Gómez Anduro G, et al. Functional characterization of an acidic SK(3) dehydrin isolated from an Opuntia streptacantha cDNA library. Planta. 2012;235:565-78 pubmed publisher
    ..Herein, we report a directional cDNA library from 12-month-old cladodes of Opuntia streptacantha plants subjected to abiotic stresses...
  6. de Wit M, Nel P, Osthoff G, Labuschagne M. The effect of variety and location on cactus pear (Opuntia ficus-indica) fruit quality. Plant Foods Hum Nutr. 2010;65:136-45 pubmed publisher
    ..Genotype x environmental interactions were noted. It was concluded that Meyers is the most appropriate cultivar for economical purposes in South Africa...
  7. Majure L, Puente R, Griffith M, Judd W, Soltis P, Soltis D. Phylogeny of Opuntia s.s. (Cactaceae): clade delineation, geographic origins, and reticulate evolution. Am J Bot. 2012;99:847-64 pubmed publisher
    ..Evolutionary relationships in these stem succulents have been insufficiently studied; thus, delimitation of Opuntia s.s. and major subclades, as well as the biogeographic history of this enigmatic group, remain unresolved.
  8. Gomez Casanovas N, Blanc Betes E, Gonzalez Meler M, Azcon Bieto J. Changes in respiratory mitochondrial machinery and cytochrome and alternative pathway activities in response to energy demand underlie the acclimation of respiration to elevated CO2 in the invasive Opuntia ficus-indica. Plant Physiol. 2007;145:49-61 pubmed
    ..on respiratory acclimation to elevated CO(2), the Crassulacean acid metabolism Mediterranean invasive Opuntia ficus-indica Miller was grown at various CO(2) concentrations...
  9. Pimienta Barrios E, Zañudo Hernandez J, Rosas Espinoza V, Valenzuela Tapia A, Nobel P. Young daughter cladodes affect CO2 uptake by mother cladodes of Opuntia ficus-indica. Ann Bot. 2005;95:363-9 pubmed
    Drought damages cultivated C3, C4 and CAM plants in the semi-arid lands of central Mexico. Drought damage to Opuntia is common when mother cladodes, planted during the dry spring season, develop young daughter cladodes that behave like ..

More Information

Publications68

  1. Sreekanth D, Arunasree M, Roy K, Chandramohan Reddy T, Reddy G, Reddanna P. Betanin a betacyanin pigment purified from fruits of Opuntia ficus-indica induces apoptosis in human chronic myeloid leukemia Cell line-K562. Phytomedicine. 2007;14:739-46 pubmed
    ..study the antiproliferative effects of betanin, a principle betacyanin pigment, isolated from the fruits of Opuntia ficus-indica, was evaluated on human chronic myeloid leukemia cell line (K562)...
  2. Hernández Urbiola M, Perez Torrero E, Rodríguez García M. Chemical analysis of nutritional content of prickly pads (Opuntia ficus indica) at varied ages in an organic harvest. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2011;8:1287-95 pubmed publisher
    b>Opuntia ficus indica, also known as prickly pads, are an important part of the human diet and are also used as forage for livestock...
  3. Fernández López J, Almela L, Obón J, Castellar R. Determination of antioxidant constituents in cactus pear fruits. Plant Foods Hum Nutr. 2010;65:253-9 pubmed publisher
    ..and the in vitro antioxidant capacity in the extracts of three species of Spanish red-skinned cactus pear fruits (Opuntia ficus-indica, Opuntia undulata and Opuntia stricta)...
  4. Gallegos Infante J, Rocha Guzman N, Gonzalez Laredo R, Reynoso Camacho R, Medina Torres L, Cervantes Cardozo V. Effect of air flow rate on the polyphenols content and antioxidant capacity of convective dried cactus pear cladodes (Opuntia ficus indica). Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2009;60 Suppl 2:80-7 pubmed publisher
    ..work was to evaluate the effect of air-drying flow rates on the amount and antioxidant capacity of extracts of Opuntia ficus indica cladodes. Nopal was dried at 45 degrees C and air flow rates of 3 and 5 m/sec...
  5. Cai H, Wei W, Davis R, Chen H, Zhao Y. Genetic diversity among phytoplasmas infecting Opuntia species: virtual RFLP analysis identifies new subgroups in the peanut witches'-broom phytoplasma group. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2008;58:1448-57 pubmed publisher
    Phytoplasmas were detected in cactus (Opuntia species) plants exhibiting witches'-broom disease symptoms in Yunnan Province, south-western China...
  6. Winter K, Garcia M, Holtum J. On the nature of facultative and constitutive CAM: environmental and developmental control of CAM expression during early growth of Clusia, Kalanchöe, and Opuntia. J Exp Bot. 2008;59:1829-40 pubmed publisher
    ..Drought-induced up-regulation of CAM was even detected in young cladodes of a cactus, Opuntia ficus-indica, an archetypal constitutive CAM species...
  7. Ncibi S, Ben Othman M, Akacha A, Krifi M, Zourgui L. Opuntia ficus indica extract protects against chlorpyrifos-induced damage on mice liver. Food Chem Toxicol. 2008;46:797-802 pubmed
    This original study investigates the role of Opuntia ficus indica (cactus) cladodes extract against liver damage induced in male SWISS mice by an organophosphorous insecticide, the chlorpyrifos (CPF)...
  8. Cho J, Park S, Kim T, Kim K, Song J, Kim S, et al. Radical scavenging and anti-inflammatory activity of extracts from Opuntia humifusa Raf. J Pharm Pharmacol. 2006;58:113-9 pubmed
    b>Opuntia humifusa Raf. (O. humifusa Raf.) is a member of the Cactaceae family...
  9. Lee J, Kim H, Kim J, Jang Y. Antioxidant property of an ethanol extract of the stem of Opuntia ficus-indica var. saboten. J Agric Food Chem. 2002;50:6490-6 pubmed
    An ethanol extract of the stem of Opuntia ficus-indica var. saboten (OFS) was assessed to determine the mechanism(s) of its antioxidant activity...
  10. Tesoriere L, Butera D, Pintaudi A, Allegra M, Livrea M. Supplementation with cactus pear (Opuntia ficus-indica) fruit decreases oxidative stress in healthy humans: a comparative study with vitamin C. Am J Clin Nutr. 2004;80:391-5 pubmed
    Cactus pear (Opuntia ficus-indica) fruit contains vitamin C and characteristic betalain pigments, the radical-scavenging properties and antioxidant activities of which have been shown in vitro.
  11. Moran Ramos S, Avila Nava A, Tovar A, Pedraza Chaverri J, López Romero P, Torres N. Opuntia ficus indica (nopal) attenuates hepatic steatosis and oxidative stress in obese Zucker (fa/fa) rats. J Nutr. 2012;142:1956-63 pubmed publisher
    ..This study suggests that nopal consumption attenuates hepatic steatosis by increasing fatty acid oxidation and VLDL synthesis, decreasing oxidative stress, and improving liver insulin signaling in obese Zucker (fa/fa) rats...
  12. Baldassano S, Tesoriere L, Rotondo A, Serio R, Livrea M, Mule F. Inhibition of the mechanical activity of mouse ileum by cactus pear (Opuntia Ficus Indica, L, Mill.) fruit extract and its pigment indicaxanthin. J Agric Food Chem. 2010;58:7565-71 pubmed publisher
    We investigated, using an organ bath technique, the effects of a hydrophilic extract from Opuntia ficus indica fruit pulp (cactus fruit extract, CFE) on the motility of mouse ileum, and researched the extract component(s) responsible for ..
  13. Stintzing F, Schieber A, Carle R. Identification of betalains from yellow beet (Beta vulgaris L.) and cactus pear [Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) Mill.] by high-performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. J Agric Food Chem. 2002;50:2302-7 pubmed
    ..vulgaris cv. Bejo Zaden) and cactus pear (Opuntia ficus-indica cv. Gialla) have been investigated using an HPLC system compatible with mass spectrometry...
  14. Stintzing F, Carle R. Cactus stems (Opuntia spp.): a review on their chemistry, technology, and uses. Mol Nutr Food Res. 2005;49:175-94 pubmed
    Although traditionally used as a valuable health supporting nutrient, the vegetative parts of Opuntia spp. plants are scarcely used in modern nutrition and medicine. While all kinds of different Opuntia spp...
  15. Torres Castillo J, Mondragón Jacobo C, Blanco Labra A. Characterization of a highly stable trypsin-like proteinase inhibitor from the seeds of Opuntia streptacantha (O. streptacantha Lemaire). Phytochemistry. 2009;70:1374-81 pubmed publisher
    A trypsin inhibitor from Opuntia streptacantha Lemaire (Prickly pear) seeds was purified and characterized. Of several proteases tested, this inhibitor showed specificity to trypsin-like enzymes...
  16. Flores Rentería L, Orozco Arroyo G, Cruz García F, García Campusano F, Alfaro I, Vázquez Santana S. Programmed cell death promotes male sterility in the functional dioecious Opuntia stenopetala (Cactaceae). Ann Bot. 2013;112:789-800 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, the cellular changes that lead to male sterility in the functionally dioecious cactus, Opuntia stenopetala, are described.
  17. Loik M. The effect of cactus spines on light interception and Photosystem II for three sympatric species of Opuntia from the Mojave Desert. Physiol Plant. 2008;134:87-98 pubmed publisher
    ..The species vary in spinescence: Opuntia basilaris, which has no central or radial spines; Opuntia erinacea, which is densely covered with spines; and ..
  18. Vignon M, Heux L, Malainine M, Mahrouz M. Arabinan-cellulose composite in Opuntia ficus-indica prickly pear spines. Carbohydr Res. 2004;339:123-31 pubmed
    The ultrastructure of the spines decorating the cladodes of the cactus Opuntia ficus-indica was investigated by optical microscopy, scanning and transmission electron microscopy, wide angle X-ray, and solid state 13C NMR analyses...
  19. Zhao L, Lan Q, Huang Z, Ouyang L, Zeng F. Antidiabetic effect of a newly identified component of Opuntia dillenii polysaccharides. Phytomedicine. 2011;18:661-8 pubmed publisher
    The aim of this study was to determine the most effective hypoglycemic component of polysaccharides from Opuntia dillenii Haw. by preliminary screening and to specifically study the antidiabetic effects of O...
  20. Miretzky P, Muñoz C, Carrillo Chavez A. Experimental binding of lead to a low cost on biosorbent: Nopal (Opuntia streptacantha). Bioresour Technol. 2008;99:1211-7 pubmed
    The use of nopal cladodes (Opuntia streptacantha) as raw material for Pb(2+) biosorption was investigated...
  21. Rodríguez Garcia M, de Lira C, Hernández Becerra E, Cornejo Villegas M, Palacios Fonseca A, Rojas Molina I, et al. Physicochemical characterization of nopal pads (Opuntia ficus indica) and dry vacuum nopal powders as a function of the maturation. Plant Foods Hum Nutr. 2007;62:107-12 pubmed
    This paper presents the physicochemical and nutrimental characterization of fresh nopal (Opuntia ficus indica, Redonda variety) and nopal powder produced at different stages of development...
  22. Castellar R, Obón J, Alacid M, Fernández López J. Color properties and stability of betacyanins from Opuntia fruits. J Agric Food Chem. 2003;51:2772-6 pubmed
    The colorant properties of pigments from Opuntia stricta, Opuntia undulata, and Opuntia ficus-indicafruits were studied. The pigments were extracted with different solvents and identified by high-performance liquid chromatography...
  23. Orozco Segovia A, Márquez Guzmán J, Sánchez Coronado M, Gamboa de Buen A, Baskin J, Baskin C. Seed anatomy and water uptake in relation to seed dormancy in Opuntia tomentosa (Cactaceae, Opuntioideae). Ann Bot. 2007;99:581-92 pubmed
    ..Seeds of Opuntia tomentosa were reported recently to have a water-impermeable seed coat sensu lato (i.e...
  24. Betancourt Domínguez M, Hernández Pérez T, García Saucedo P, Cruz Hernandez A, Paredes Lopez O. Physico-chemical changes in cladodes (nopalitos) from cultivated and wild cacti (Opuntia spp.). Plant Foods Hum Nutr. 2006;61:115-9 pubmed
    ..Most cladode samples appear to be a good source of beta-carotene and lutein. The presence of these compounds is important for human nutraceutical purposes...
  25. Wiese J, McPherson S, Odden M, Shlipak M. Effect of Opuntia ficus indica on symptoms of the alcohol hangover. Arch Intern Med. 2004;164:1334-40 pubmed
    ..An extract of the Opuntia ficus indica (OFI) plant diminishes the inflammatory response to stressful stimuli.
  26. Galati E, Mondello M, Lauriano E, Taviano M, Galluzzo M, Miceli N. Opuntia ficus indica (L.) Mill. fruit juice protects liver from carbon tetrachloride-induced injury. Phytother Res. 2005;19:796-800 pubmed
    The protective effects of the juice of Opuntia ficus indica fruit (prickly pear) against carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4))-induced hepatotoxicity were examined in rats...
  27. Tesoriere L, Fazzari M, Allegra M, Livrea M. Biothiols, taurine, and lipid-soluble antioxidants in the edible pulp of Sicilian cactus pear (Opuntia ficus-indica) fruits and changes of bioactive juice components upon industrial processing. J Agric Food Chem. 2005;53:7851-5 pubmed
  28. Ennouri M, Fetoui H, Bourret E, Zeghal N, Attia H. Evaluation of some biological parameters of Opuntia ficus indica. 1. Influence of a seed oil supplemented diet on rats. Bioresour Technol. 2006;97:1382-6 pubmed
    Cactus pear (Opuntia ficus indica) is native to Tunisia and the fruit is consumed exclusively as fresh fruit. The seed oil is rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids but the nutritive value of the oil is unknown...
  29. Collazo Siqués P, Valverde M, Paredes Lopez O, Guevara Lara F. Expression of ripening-related genes in prickly pear (Opuntia sp.) fruits. Plant Foods Hum Nutr. 2003;58:317-26 pubmed
    To throw light on the expression of ripening-related genes in prickly pear (Opuntia sp...
  30. Bezerra J, Santos M, Svedese V, Lima D, Fernandes M, Paiva L, et al. Richness of endophytic fungi isolated from Opuntia ficus-indica Mill. (Cactaceae) and preliminary screening for enzyme production. World J Microbiol Biotechnol. 2012;28:1989-95 pubmed publisher
    b>Opuntia ficus-indica Mill. (forage cactus) is farmed with relative success in the semi-arid region of the Brazilian northeast for commercial purposes, particularly as forage and food...
  31. Hernández Pérez T, Carrillo Lopez A, Guevara Lara F, Cruz Hernández A, Paredes López O. Biochemical and nutritional characterization of three prickly pear species with different ripening behavior. Plant Foods Hum Nutr. 2005;60:195-200 pubmed
    Biochemical and nutritional changes were studied during the ripening process of three Opuntia morphospecies with different ripening behavior: Naranjona (O. ficus-indica), Blanca Cristalina (Opuntia sp.), and Esmeralda (Opuntia sp...
  32. Habibi Y, Heyraud A, Mahrouz M, Vignon M. Structural features of pectic polysaccharides from the skin of Opuntia ficus-indica prickly pear fruits. Carbohydr Res. 2004;339:1119-27 pubmed
    After removal of the mucilage with water at room temperature, pectic polysaccharides were solubilized from Opuntia ficus-indica fruit skin, by sequential extraction with water at 60 degrees C (WSP) and EDTA solution at 60 degrees C (CSP)...
  33. Zorgui L, Ayed Boussema I, Ayed Y, Bacha H, Hassen W. The antigenotoxic activities of cactus (Opuntia ficus-indica) cladodes against the mycotoxin zearalenone in Balb/c mice: prevention of micronuclei, chromosome aberrations and DNA fragmentation. Food Chem Toxicol. 2009;47:662-7 pubmed publisher
    ..This study was conducted to evaluate the ability of cactus (Opuntia ficus-indica) cladodes to protect Balb/c mice against ZEN induced genotoxicity...
  34. Chavez Santoscoy R, Gutierrez Uribe J, Serna Saldivar S. Phenolic composition, antioxidant capacity and in vitro cancer cell cytotoxicity of nine prickly pear (Opuntia spp.) juices. Plant Foods Hum Nutr. 2009;64:146-52 pubmed publisher
    Juices of nine prickly pears (Opuntia spp.) were characterized in terms of color, acidity, sugar content, phenolics, flavonoids, betalains and antioxidant activity and tested in vitro against four cancer cell lines...
  35. Delgado Sánchez P, Ortega Amaro M, Rodríguez Hernández A, Jiménez Bremont J, Flores J. Further evidence from the effect of fungi on breaking Opuntia seed dormancy. Plant Signal Behav. 2010;5:1229-30 pubmed publisher
    Recently, we found that fungi are involved in breaking seed dormancy of Opuntia streptacantha, and that the effect of fungi on seeds is species-specific...
  36. Delgado Sánchez P, Ortega Amaro M, Jiménez Bremont J, Flores J. Are fungi important for breaking seed dormancy in desert species? Experimental evidence in Opuntia streptacantha (Cactaceae). Plant Biol (Stuttg). 2011;13:154-9 pubmed publisher
    Seeds of Opuntia spp. have physiological dormancy; they need a period of after-ripening to break dormancy, and the embryos have low growth potential...
  37. Hahm S, Park J, Son Y. Opuntia humifusa stems lower blood glucose and cholesterol levels in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Nutr Res. 2011;31:479-87 pubmed publisher
    The Opuntia humifusa stem (OHSt) contains high levels of antioxidants including vitamin C, flavonoids, and polyphenols that may prove beneficial in treating diabetes mellitus...
  38. Bwititi P, Machakaire T, Nhachi C, Musabayane C. Effects of Opuntia megacantha leaves extract on renal electrolyte and fluid handling in streptozotocin (STZ)-diabetic rats. Ren Fail. 2001;23:149-58 pubmed
    We previously demonstrated that Opuntia megacantha leaves' extracts can reduce blood glucose levels in diabetes mellitus. For O...
  39. Alimi H, Hfaiedh N, Bouoni Z, Hfaiedh M, Sakly M, Zourgui L, et al. Antioxidant and antiulcerogenic activities of Opuntia ficus indica f. inermis root extract in rats. Phytomedicine. 2010;17:1120-6 pubmed publisher
    b>Opuntia ficus indica f...
  40. Lim K. Inhibitory effect of glycoprotein isolated from Opuntia ficus-indica var. saboten MAKINO on activities of allergy-mediators in compound 48/80-stimulated mast cells. Cell Immunol. 2010;264:78-85 pubmed publisher
    The present study was performed to investigate the anti-allergy potentials of glycoprotein (90kDa) isolated from Opuntia ficus-indica var. saboten MAKINO (OFI glycoprotein) in vivo (ICR mice) and in vitro (RBL-2H3 cells)...
  41. Dok Go H, Lee K, Kim H, Lee E, Lee J, Song Y, et al. Neuroprotective effects of antioxidative flavonoids, quercetin, (+)-dihydroquercetin and quercetin 3-methyl ether, isolated from Opuntia ficus-indica var. saboten. Brain Res. 2003;965:130-6 pubmed
    ..and quercetin 3-methyl ether were isolated from the ethyl acetate fractions of the fruits and stems of Opuntia ficus-indica var. saboten...
  42. Galati E, Mondello M, Giuffrida D, Dugo G, Miceli N, Pergolizzi S, et al. Chemical characterization and biological effects of Sicilian Opuntia ficus indica (L.) mill. Fruit juice: antioxidant and antiulcerogenic activity. J Agric Food Chem. 2003;51:4903-8 pubmed
    The juice of whole fruits of Sicilian cultivars of prickly pear (Opuntia ficus indica (L.) Mill.) was investigated, and the contents of ascorbic acid, total polyphenols, and flavonoids were determined...
  43. Schepetkin I, Xie G, Kirpotina L, Klein R, Jutila M, Quinn M. Macrophage immunomodulatory activity of polysaccharides isolated from Opuntia polyacantha. Int Immunopharmacol. 2008;8:1455-66 pubmed publisher
    b>Opuntia polyacantha (prickly pear cactus) has been used extensively for its nutritional properties; however, less is known regarding medicinal properties of Opuntia tissues. In the present study, we extracted polysaccharides from O...
  44. Zourgui L, Golli E, Bouaziz C, Bacha H, Hassen W. Cactus (Opuntia ficus-indica) cladodes prevent oxidative damage induced by the mycotoxin zearalenone in Balb/C mice. Food Chem Toxicol. 2008;46:1817-24 pubmed publisher
    ..ZEN induced toxicity in vivo using Balb/c mice and (ii) to evaluate the safety and efficacy of cactus cladodes Opuntia ficus to prevent the deleterious effects of ZEN. To this end, the effect of a single dose of ZEN (40 mg/kg b.w...
  45. Stintzing F, Herbach K, Mosshammer M, Carle R, Yi W, Sellappan S, et al. Color, betalain pattern, and antioxidant properties of cactus pear (Opuntia spp.) clones. J Agric Food Chem. 2005;53:442-51 pubmed
    Total phenolics, ascorbic acid, and betalain contents of differently colored cactus pear clones (nine Opuntia ficus-indica [L.] Mill. clones and one O. robusta Wendl...
  46. Gentile C, Tesoriere L, Allegra M, Livrea M, D Alessio P. Antioxidant betalains from cactus pear (Opuntia ficus-indica) inhibit endothelial ICAM-1 expression. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2004;1028:481-6 pubmed
    ..Here we show the capacity of betalains to protect endothelium from cytokine-induced redox state alteration, through ICAM-1 inhibition...
  47. Carrillo Lopez A, Cruz Hernández A, Cárabez Trejo A, Guevara Lara F, Paredes López O. Hydrolytic activity and ultrastructural changes in fruit skins from two prickly pear (Opuntia sp.) varieties during storage. J Agric Food Chem. 2002;50:1681-5 pubmed
    ..In Naranjona (Opuntia ficus indica), of short postharvest life (ca...
  48. Winter K, Garcia M, Holtum J. Drought-stress-induced up-regulation of CAM in seedlings of a tropical cactus, Opuntia elatior, operating predominantly in the C3 mode. J Exp Bot. 2011;62:4037-42 pubmed publisher
    Immediately after unfolding, cotyledons of the tropical platyopuntoid cactus, Opuntia elatior Mill., exhibited a C(3)-type diel CO(2) exchange pattern characterized by net CO(2) uptake in the light...
  49. Ravikumar S, Vikramathithan J, Srikumar K. Purification and characterization of a novel thermostable xylose isomerase from Opuntia vulgaris mill. Appl Biochem Biotechnol. 2011;164:593-603 pubmed publisher
    Thermophilic xylose isomerase from the xerophytic eukaryote Opuntia vulgaris can serve as a good alternate source of enzyme for use in the production of high fructose corn syrup...
  50. Ginestra G, Parker M, Bennett R, Robertson J, Mandalari G, Narbad A, et al. Anatomical, chemical, and biochemical characterization of cladodes from prickly pear [Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) Mill.]. J Agric Food Chem. 2009;57:10323-30 pubmed publisher
    b>Opuntia ficus-indica cladodes represent the green stem of the plant and are generally used as animal feed or disposed of in landfills...
  51. Wijeratne E, Turbyville T, Zhang Z, Bigelow D, Pierson L, VanEtten H, et al. Cytotoxic constituents of Aspergillus terreus from the rhizosphere of Opuntia versicolor of the Sonoran Desert. J Nat Prod. 2003;66:1567-73 pubmed
    ..D (7), and asterriquinone C-1 (8), were isolated from Aspergillus terreus occurring in the rhizosphere of Opuntia versicolor, using bioassay-guided fractionation...
  52. Orozco Arroyo G, Vázquez Santana S, Camacho A, Dubrovsky J, Cruz García F. Inception of maleness: auxin contribution to flower masculinization in the dioecious cactus Opuntia stenopetala. Planta. 2012;236:225-38 pubmed publisher
    In Opuntia stenopetala, flowers initiate as hermaphrodite; however, at maturity, only the stamens in male flowers and the gynoecium in female flowers become functional...
  53. di Cagno R, Filannino P, Vincentini O, Lanera A, Cavoski I, Gobbetti M. Exploitation of Leuconostoc mesenteroides strains to improve shelf life, rheological, sensory and functional features of prickly pear (Opuntia ficus-indica L.) fruit puree. Food Microbiol. 2016;59:176-89 pubmed publisher
    Strains of Leuconostoc mesenteroides were identified from raw prickly pear (Opuntia ficus-indica L.)...
  54. Kumar G, Srikumar K. Thermophilic laccase from xerophyte species Opuntia vulgaris. Biomed Chromatogr. 2011;25:707-11 pubmed publisher
    ..compounds to quinones were isolated and purified to homogeneity from the cladodes of the xerophyte species Opuntia vulgaris. These catalytically active proteins exhibit apparent molecular masses of 137 and 90 kDa...
  55. Nuñez López M, Paredes López O, Reynoso Camacho R. Functional and hypoglycemic properties of nopal cladodes (O. ficus-indica) at different maturity stages using in vitro and in vivo tests. J Agric Food Chem. 2013;61:10981-6 pubmed publisher
    Nopal (Opuntia ficus-indica) cladodes are recommended for their therapeutic properties; their maturity stage may affect their biological properties...
  56. Schmitt L, Fouillot J, Nicolet G, Midol A. Opuntia ficus indica's effect on heart-rate variability in high-level athletes. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2008;18:169-78 pubmed
    b>Opuntia ficus indica (OFI) has many physiological effects, but a relationship between OFI and heart-rate variability (HRV) has never been established...
  57. Palumbo B, Efthimiou Y, Stamatopoulos J, Oguogho A, Budinsky A, Palumbo R, et al. Prickly pear induces upregulation of liver LDL binding in familial heterozygous hypercholesterolemia. Nucl Med Rev Cent East Eur. 2003;6:35-9 pubmed
    ..These findings demonstrate a significant upregulation of (123)I-LDL binding by prickly pear in FH-patients invivo and indicate that prickly pear exerts a significant hypolipidemic action via receptor upregulation. ..
  58. Ozcan M, Al Juhaimi F. Nutritive value and chemical composition of prickly pear seeds (Opuntia ficus indica L.) growing in Turkey. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2011;62:533-6 pubmed publisher
    ..3 mg/kg, phosphorus 1,627.5 mg/kg and natrium 71.3 mg/kg. The fatty acid profiles of seed oil from the Opuntia ficus indica were analyzed by gas chromatography. Linoleic acid was established as the major fatty acid (61...
  59. Yeom G, Yun D, Kang Y, Kwon J, Kang I, Kim S. Clinical efficacy of facial masks containing yoghurt and Opuntia humifusa Raf. (F-YOP). J Cosmet Sci. 2011;62:505-14 pubmed
    ..F-YOP exhibited activity on DPPH radical scavenging, SOD-like activity, and lipoxygenase activity. F-YOP treatment successfully improved the moisture, brightness, and elasticity of treated skin...