Summary: The cactus plant family of the order Caryophyllales, subclass Caryophyllidae, class Magnoliopsida. Cacti are succulent perennial plants well adapted to dry regions.

Top Publications

  1. Holland J. Benefits and costs of mutualism: demographic consequences in a pollinating seed-consumer interaction. Proc Biol Sci. 2002;269:1405-12 pubmed
  2. Wybraniec S, Platzner I, Geresh S, Gottlieb H, Haimberg M, Mogilnitzki M, et al. Betacyanins from vine cactus Hylocereus polyrhizus. Phytochemistry. 2001;58:1209-12 pubmed
  3. Edwards E, Donoghue M. Pereskia and the origin of the cactus life-form. Am Nat. 2006;167:777-93 pubmed publisher
    ..Pereskia (Cactaceae) comprises 17 species of leafy shrubs and trees that are thought to represent the original cactus condition...
  4. Cai Y, Xing J, Sun M, Corke H. Rapid identification of betacyanins from Amaranthus tricolor, Gomphrena globosa, and Hylocereus polyrhizus by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization quadrupole ion trap time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-QIT-TOF MS). J Agric Food Chem. 2006;54:6520-6 pubmed
    ..Fourteen free and acylated betacyanins, belonging to amaranthin-type, betanin-type, and gomphrenin-type betacyanins, respectively, were identified. However, the related isomers should be differentiated with the aid of HPLC...
  5. Er H, Cheng E, Radhakrishnan A. Anti-proliferative and mutagenic activities of aqueous and methanol extracts of leaves from Pereskia bleo (Kunth) DC (Cactaceae). J Ethnopharmacol. 2007;113:448-56 pubmed
    The anti-proliferative effects of the aqueous and methanol extracts of leaves of Pereskia bleo (Kunth) DC (Cactaceae) against a mouse mammary cancer cell line (4T1) and a normal mouse fibroblast cell line (NIH/3T3) were evaluated under ..
  6. Harpke D, Peterson A. Extensive 5.8S nrDNA polymorphism in Mammillaria (Cactaceae) with special reference to the identification of pseudogenic internal transcribed spacer regions. J Plant Res. 2008;121:261-70 pubmed publisher
    ..The importance of functional data for the identification of pseudogenes is outlined and discussed. The identification of pseudogenes is essential, because they may cause erroneous phylogenies and taxonomic problems...
  7. Bono J, Matzkin L, Castrezana S, Markow T. Molecular evolution and population genetics of two Drosophila mettleri cytochrome P450 genes involved in host plant utilization. Mol Ecol. 2008;17:3211-21 pubmed publisher
    ..This preliminary evidence suggests that D. mettleri may have evolved into distinctive host races that specialize on different hosts, a possibility that warrants further investigation...
  8. Las Peñas M, Urdampilleta J, Bernardello G, Forni Martins E. Karyotypes, heterochromatin, and physical mapping of 18S-26S rDNA in Cactaceae. Cytogenet Genome Res. 2009;124:72-80 pubmed publisher
    Karyotype analyses in members of the four Cactaceae subfamilies were performed...
  9. Franck A, Cochrane B, Garey J. Low-copy nuclear primers and ycf1 primers in Cactaceae. Am J Bot. 2012;99:e405-7 pubmed publisher
    To increase the number of variable regions available for phylogenetic study in the Cactaceae, primers were developed for a portion of the plastid ycf1 gene and intron-spanning regions of two low-copy nuclear genes (isi1, nhx1). •

More Information

Publications143 found, 100 shown here

  1. Hurtado L, Erez T, Castrezana S, Markow T. Contrasting population genetic patterns and evolutionary histories among sympatric Sonoran Desert cactophilic Drosophila. Mol Ecol. 2004;13:1365-75 pubmed
    ..We discuss how differences in the genetic structure patterns of D. pachea, D. mettleri and D. nigrospiracula may correspond to differences in their dispersal abilities, host preferences and behaviour...
  2. Tesoriere L, Allegra M, Butera D, Livrea M. Absorption, excretion, and distribution of dietary antioxidant betalains in LDLs: potential health effects of betalains in humans. Am J Clin Nutr. 2004;80:941-5 pubmed
    ..Betalains were recently identified as natural antioxidants. However, little is known about their bioavailability from dietary sources...
  3. Tan M, Sulaiman S, Najimuddin N, Samian M, Muhammad T. Methanolic extract of Pereskia bleo (Kunth) DC. (Cactaceae) induces apoptosis in breast carcinoma, T47-D cell line. J Ethnopharmacol. 2005;96:287-94 pubmed
    ..b>Cactaceae) plant against human breast carcinoma cell line, T-47D...
  4. Harpke D, Peterson A. Non-concerted ITS evolution in Mammillaria (Cactaceae). Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2006;41:579-93 pubmed
    Molecular studies of 21 species of the large Cactaceae genus Mammillaria representing a variety of intrageneric taxonomic levels revealed a high degree of intra-individual polymorphism of the internal transcribed spacer region (ITS1, 5...
  5. Ayala Cordero G, Terrazas T, López Mata L, Trejo C. Morpho-anatomical changes and photosynthetic metabolism of Stenocereus beneckei seedlings under soil water deficit. J Exp Bot. 2006;57:3165-74 pubmed
    Characteristics developed by Cactaceae for adaptation to climates where water is limited include crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM), a thick cuticle, and spines and trichomes that intercept a proportion of solar radiation...
  6. Loik M. The effect of cactus spines on light interception and Photosystem II for three sympatric species of Opuntia from the Mojave Desert. Physiol Plant. 2008;134:87-98 pubmed publisher
  7. Parra F, Casas A, Peñaloza Ramírez J, Cortés Palomec A, Rocha Ramírez V, González Rodríguez A. Evolution under domestication: ongoing artificial selection and divergence of wild and managed Stenocereus pruinosus (Cactaceae) populations in the Tehuacan Valley, Mexico. Ann Bot. 2010;106:483-96 pubmed publisher
  8. Yesson C, Bárcenas R, Hernández H, Ruiz Maqueda M, Prado A, Rodriguez V, et al. DNA barcodes for Mexican Cactaceae, plants under pressure from wild collecting. Mol Ecol Resour. 2011;11:775-83 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we sample the matK barcode for 528 species of Cactaceae including approximately 75% of Mexican species and test the utility of the matK region for species-level ..
  9. Parra F, Blancas J, Casas A. Landscape management and domestication of Stenocereus pruinosus (Cactaceae) in the Tehuacán Valley: human guided selection and gene flow. J Ethnobiol Ethnomed. 2012;8:32 pubmed publisher
  10. Kavamura V, Santos S, Silva J, Parma M, Avila L, Visconti A, et al. Screening of Brazilian cacti rhizobacteria for plant growth promotion under drought. Microbiol Res. 2013;168:183-91 pubmed publisher
    ..growth promotion under water stress (30% of field capacity) was achieved by two strains of Bacillus spp. This is the first report to describe cacti-associated bacteria from Brazilian semi-arid with plant growth-promoting abilities...
  11. Otero Arnaiz A, Casas A, Hamrick J, Cruse Sanders J. Genetic variation and evolution of Polaskia chichipe (Cactaceae) under domestication in the Tehuacán Valley, central Mexico. Mol Ecol. 2005;14:1603-11 pubmed
  12. Zou D, Brewer M, Garcia F, Feugang J, Wang J, Zang R, et al. Cactus pear: a natural product in cancer chemoprevention. Nutr J. 2005;4:25 pubmed
    ..To find a natural product that can be used in chemoprevention of cancer, we tested Arizona cactus fruit solution, the aqueous extracts of cactus pear, for its anti-cancer effects in cultured cells and in an animal model...
  13. Nobel P. Parenchyma-chlorenchyma water movement during drought for the hemiepiphytic cactus Hylocereus undatus. Ann Bot. 2006;97:469-74 pubmed
    ..Inter-tissue water transfer during drought was therefore analysed based on cell volumes and water potential components...
  14. Mauseth J. Structure-function relationships in highly modified shoots of cactaceae. Ann Bot. 2006;98:901-26 pubmed
    ..This review explains cactus shoot structure, discusses relationships between structure, ecology, development and evolution, and indicates areas where research on cacti is necessary to test general theories of morphogenesis...
  15. Edwards E. Correlated evolution of stem and leaf hydraulic traits in Pereskia (Cactaceae). New Phytol. 2006;172:479-789 pubmed
    ..evolution among a suite of plant water-use traits and environmental parameters in seven species of Pereskia (Cactaceae), using phylogenetically independent contrasts...
  16. Wybraniec S, Nowak Wydra B, Mitka K, Kowalski P, Mizrahi Y. Minor betalains in fruits of Hylocereus species. Phytochemistry. 2007;68:251-9 pubmed
    ..Other recently identified pigments were also present in the samples and their (1)H or (13)C NMR spectra were recorded. In the case of phyllocactin and its 4'-isomer the migration of the malonyl group was noticed...
  17. Casas A, Otero Arnaiz A, Pérez Negrón E, Valiente Banuet A. In situ management and domestication of plants in Mesoamerica. Ann Bot. 2007;100:1101-15 pubmed
  18. Ogunbodede O, McCombs D, Trout K, Daley P, Terry M. New mescaline concentrations from 14 taxa/cultivars of Echinopsis spp. (Cactaceae) ("San Pedro") and their relevance to shamanic practice. J Ethnopharmacol. 2010;131:356-62 pubmed publisher
    ..concentrations in stem tissue of 14 taxa/cultivars of the subgenus Trichocereus of the genus Echinopsis (Cactaceae) and to evaluate the relationship (if any) between mescaline concentration and actual shamanic use of these ..
  19. Korotkova N, Borsch T, Quandt D, Taylor N, Müller K, Barthlott W. What does it take to resolve relationships and to identify species with molecular markers? An example from the epiphytic Rhipsalideae (Cactaceae). Am J Bot. 2011;98:1549-72 pubmed publisher
    The Cactaceae are a major New World plant family and popular in horticulture...
  20. Malek S, Shin S, Wahab N, Yaacob H. Cytotoxic components of Pereskia bleo (Kunth) DC. (Cactaceae) leaves. Molecules. 2009;14:1713-24 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Cactaceae) leaves...
  21. Aguirre M, Díaz Soltero H, Claps L, Saracho Bottero A, Triapitsyn S, Hasson E, et al. Studies on the Biology of Hypogeococcus pungens (sensu stricto) (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) in Argentina to Aid the Identification of the Mealybug Pest of Cactaceae in Puerto Rico. J Insect Sci. 2016;16: pubmed publisher
    ..Biological differences were observed between populations of H. pungens sampled on Amaranthaceae and Cactaceae. Molecular studies suggested that H...
  22. Hidaka M, Fujita K, Ogikubo T, Yamasaki K, Iwakiri T, Okumura M, et al. Potent inhibition by star fruit of human cytochrome P450 3A (CYP3A) activity. Drug Metab Dispos. 2004;32:581-3 pubmed
    ..Thus, we discovered filtered extracts of star fruit juice to be inhibitors of human CYP3A activity in vitro. ..
  23. Ji Y, Ji C, Zou X, Gao S. [Study on the effects of two kinds of cactus polysaccharide on erythrocyte immune function of S180 mice]. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2005;30:690-3 pubmed
    ..01) compared with model group. The cactus polysaccharide improved the erythrocyte function of tumor-mice, which may be one of anti-tumor mechanisms. ..
  24. Aragane M, Sasaki Y, Nakajima J, Fukumori N, Yoshizawa M, Suzuki Y, et al. Peyote identification on the basis of differences in morphology, mescaline content, and trnL/trnF sequence between Lophophora williamsii and L. diffusa. J Nat Med. 2011;65:103-10 pubmed publisher
    Genus Lophophora (Cactaceae) has two species: Lophophora williamsii Coulter, which is called peyote, and L. diffusa Bravo. Although it was reported that L. williamsii contained mescaline and L. diffusa did not, we found L...
  25. García Cruz E, Rodríguez Ramírez J, Méndez Lagunas L, Medina Torres L. Rheological and physical properties of spray-dried mucilage obtained from Hylocereus undatus cladodes. Carbohydr Polym. 2013;91:394-402 pubmed publisher
    ..Analysis of the physical properties of the mucilage (Tg, DTP, and particle morphology) explains the shear-thinning behavior. ..
  26. Chen W, Tseng C, Wang I, Hu F. Removal of semitranslucent cactus spines embedded in deep cornea with the aid of a fiberoptic illuminator. Am J Ophthalmol. 2002;134:769-71 pubmed
    ..To report a rare case of multiple cactus spines embedded deep in the cornea that were removed with the aid of a fiberoptic illuminator...
  27. Godínez Alvarez H, Morin C, Rivera Aguilar V. Germination, survival and growth of three vascular plants on biological soil crusts from a Mexican tropical desert. Plant Biol (Stuttg). 2012;14:157-62 pubmed publisher
    ..The highest performance of A. marmorata and P. laevigata was observed on cyanobacteria and mixed crusts, respectively. The highest performance of N. tetetzo was on both crust types...
  28. Schlumpberger B, Renner S. Molecular phylogenetics of Echinopsis (Cactaceae): Polyphyly at all levels and convergent evolution of pollination modes and growth forms. Am J Bot. 2012;99:1335-49 pubmed publisher
    ..Echinopsis with 100-150 species is one of the largest and morphologically most diverse genera of Cactaceae. This diversity and an absence of correlated characters have resulted in numerous attempts to subdivide ..
  29. Balen B, Krsnik Rasol M, Zamfir A, Milosevic J, Vakhrushev S, Peter Katalinic J. Glycoproteomic survey of Mammillaria gracillis tissues grown in vitro. J Proteome Res. 2006;5:1658-66 pubmed
    ..The results obtained in this study indicate that the N-glycosylation pattern of the protein is clearly dependent on level of plant tissue organization and can be related to the specific morphogenic status. ..
  30. Jamaludin N, Ding P, Hamid A. Physico-chemical and structural changes of red-fleshed dragon fruit (Hylocereus polyrhizus) during fruit development. J Sci Food Agric. 2011;91:278-85 pubmed publisher
    ..The physico-chemical and betacyanin accumulation of red-fleshed dragon fruit changed as it developed, matured and ripened which coincided with structural changes. ..
  31. Rodríguez Oseguera A, Casas A, Herrerias Diego Y, Pérez Negrón E. Effect of habitat disturbance on pollination biology of the columnar cactus Stenocereus quevedonis at landscape-level in central Mexico. Plant Biol (Stuttg). 2013;15:573-82 pubmed publisher
    ..Frequency of L. yerbabuenae visits was similar among site types, but more visits of complementary nocturnal and diurnal pollinators were recorded in disturbed sites, which could explain differences in reproductive success. ..
  32. Pfeiler E, Johnson S, Richmond M, Markow T. Population genetics and phylogenetic relationships of beetles (Coleoptera: Histeridae and Staphylinidae) from the Sonoran Desert associated with rotting columnar cacti. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2013;69:491-501 pubmed publisher
    ..gilensis on senita. ..
  33. Fox D, Stebbins D, Alcantar N. Combining Ferric Salt and Cactus Mucilage for Arsenic Removal from Water. Environ Sci Technol. 2016;50:2507-13 pubmed publisher
    ..Standard jar tests with 1000 ?g/L As(III) showed that arsenic removal and settling rates were pH-dependent; As removal was between 52% (high pH) and 66% (low pH). ..
  34. Santos A, Batista A, Mustafa A, Amorim G, Guim A, Moraes A, et al. Effects of Bermudagrass hay and soybean hulls inclusion on performance of sheep fed cactus-based diets. Trop Anim Health Prod. 2010;42:487-94 pubmed publisher
    ..Bermudagrass tifton hay was more effective than SH in reducing the risk of bloat associated with feeding high levels of spineless cactus to ruminants...
  35. González E, Rees M, Martorell C. Identifying the demographic processes relevant for species conservation in human-impacted areas: does the model matter?. Oecologia. 2013;171:347-56 pubmed publisher
  36. Souza L, Caputo L, Inchausti de Barros I, Fratianni F, Nazzaro F, De Feo V. Pereskia aculeata Muller (Cactaceae) Leaves: Chemical Composition and Biological Activities. Int J Mol Sci. 2016;17: pubmed publisher
    ..P. aculeata chloroform extract showed antiproliferative activity with an IC50 value of 262.83 µg/mL. Treatments of SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells with 100 µg/mL of methanol extract significantly reduced ADCY1 expression. ..
  37. Correa Cano M, Goettsch B, Duffy J, Bennie J, Inger R, Gaston K. Erosion of natural darkness in the geographic ranges of cacti. Sci Rep. 2018;8:4347 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we determine this relationship for the Cactaceae family...
  38. Pimienta Barrios E, Pimienta Barrios E, Salas Galván M, Zañudo Hernandez J, Nobel P. Growth and reproductive characteristics of the columnar cactus Stenocereus queretaroensis and their relationships with environmental factors and colonization by arbuscular mycorrhizae. Tree Physiol. 2002;22:667-74 pubmed
    ..Among sites, S. queretaroensis at AJ had the highest carbon gain and greatest AM colonization, creating physiological conditions that led to the highest stem growth, fruit mass and percentage of seed germination. ..
  39. Feugang J, Ye F, Zhang D, Yu Y, Zhong M, Zhang S, et al. Cactus pear extracts induce reactive oxygen species production and apoptosis in ovarian cancer cells. Nutr Cancer. 2010;62:692-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The results suggest an inhibitory effect of Arizona CME on cancer cell growth through the accumulation of intracellular ROS, which may activate a cascade of reactions leading to the apoptosis. ..
  40. Okazaki S, Kinoshita K, Ito S, Koyama K, Yuasa H, Takahashi K. Triterpenoid saponins from Echinopsis macrogona (Cactaceae). Phytochemistry. 2011;72:136-46 pubmed publisher
    ..While the aglycones of 2-4 and 8-11 were hitherto unknown, the structure of pachanol C was revised in this paper. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of chemical and physicochemical evidence. ..
  41. Kim H, Choi H, Moon J, Kim Y, Mosaddik A, Cho S. Comparative antioxidant and antiproliferative activities of red and white pitayas and their correlation with flavonoid and polyphenol content. J Food Sci. 2011;76:C38-45 pubmed publisher
    ..These results suggest that the peel of white and red pitaya may be a valuable ingredient in foods and may also be useful in cosmetic, nutraceutical, and pharmaceutical applications. ..
  42. Fang Q, Huang C, You C, Ma S. Opuntia Extract Reduces Scar Formation in Rabbit Ear Model: A Randomized Controlled Study. Int J Low Extrem Wounds. 2015;14:343-52 pubmed publisher
    The purpose of this article is to investigate the effect of Opuntia stricta H (Cactaceae) extract on suppression of hypertrophic scar on ventral surface wounds of rabbit ears...
  43. Orozco Barocio A, Paniagua Domínguez B, Benítez Saldaña P, Flores Torales E, Velázquez Magaña S, Nava H. Cytotoxic effect of the ethanolic extract of Lophocereus schottii: a Mexican medicinal plant. Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. 2013;10:397-404 pubmed
    ..With these evidences it is feasible to scientifically validate that ethanolic extract of L. schottii had an effect on L5178Y murine cells lymphoma and could have the same effect in human tumors. ..
  44. Wybraniec S, Stalica P, Jerz G, Klose B, Gebers N, Winterhalter P, et al. Separation of polar betalain pigments from cacti fruits of Hylocereus polyrhizus by ion-pair high-speed countercurrent chromatography. J Chromatogr A. 2009;1216:6890-9 pubmed publisher
    Polar betacyanin pigments together with betaxanthins from ripe cactus fruits of Hylocereus polyrhizus (Cactaceae) were fractionated by means of preparative ion-pair high-speed countercurrent chromatography (IP-HSCCC) also using the ..
  45. Pedebos C, Pol Fachin L, Verli H. Unrestrained conformational characterization of Stenocereus eruca saponins in aqueous and nonaqueous solvents. J Nat Prod. 2012;75:1196-200 pubmed publisher
    ..The models obtained in this way offer a robust description of the saponin dynamics in solution and support the use of submicrosecond MD simulations in describing and predicting glycoconjugate conformations. ..
  46. Santini B, Martorell C. Does retained-seed priming drive the evolution of serotiny in drylands? An assessment using the cactus Mammillaria hernandezii. Am J Bot. 2013;100:365-73 pubmed publisher
    ..Serotinous species counteract this cost by cueing dispersal with heavy precipitation. ..
  47. Wybraniec S, Mizrahi Y. Generation of decarboxylated and dehydrogenated betacyanins in thermally treated purified fruit extract from purple pitaya (Hylocereus polyrhizus) monitored by LC-MS/MS. J Agric Food Chem. 2005;53:6704-12 pubmed
    ..The structures of other compounds were assigned to 2,15,17-tridecarboxy-betacyanins and 14,15-dehydrogenated derivatives (neo-derivatives) of all decarboxylated betacyanins found. ..
  48. Salazar J, Martínez Vázquez M, Cespedes C, Ramírez Apan T, Nieto Camacho A, Rodríguez Silverio J, et al. Anti-inflammatory and cytotoxic activities of chichipegenin, peniocerol, and macdougallin isolated from Myrtillocactus geometrizans (Mart. ex Pfeiff.) Con. Z Naturforsch C. 2011;66:24-30 pubmed
    ..These results indicate that compounds isolated from M. geometrizans possess antiinflammatory and cytotoxic properties, and the presence of chichipegenin in the aerial parts could justify the medicinal uses attributed to the plant. ..
  49. Miranda Jácome A, Montana C, Fornoni J. Sun/shade conditions affect recruitment and local adaptation of a columnar cactus in dry forests. Ann Bot. 2013;111:293-303 pubmed publisher
  50. Frick W, Price R, Heady P, Kay K. Insectivorous bat pollinates columnar cactus more effectively per visit than specialized nectar bat. Am Nat. 2013;181:137-44 pubmed publisher
  51. Poolsup N, Suksomboon N, Paw N. Effect of dragon fruit on glycemic control in prediabetes and type 2 diabetes: A systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0184577 pubmed publisher
    ..The available evidence in prediabetes is interesting. This will shed some light on diabetes prevention. The effect in T2DM was not significant. However, a trend towards greater blood glucose reduction with higher dose was observed. ..
  52. Ortiz C, Castro I, Portilla L, Aranda P, Arizmendi M. Carbohydrate analysis of floral nectar using medium infrared. Phytochem Anal. 2003;14:319-24 pubmed
    ..992, respectively. The method was validated using a set of 28 samples of nectar which had been assayed by chromatographic and refractometric methods. The method shows potential utility for the prediction of nectar sugar components...
  53. Holland J, DeAngelis D, Schultz S. Evolutionary stability of mutualism: interspecific population regulation as an evolutionarily stable strategy. Proc Biol Sci. 2004;271:1807-14 pubmed
  54. Cairns E. Obesity: the fat lady sings?. Drug Discov Today. 2005;10:305-7 pubmed
  55. Etges W, Tripodi A. Premating isolation is determined by larval rearing substrates in cactophilic Drosophila mojavensis. VIII. Mating success mediated by epicuticular hydrocarbons within and between isolated populations. J Evol Biol. 2008;21:1641-52 pubmed publisher
    ..unmated adults. Thus, sexual isolation among populations was much stronger than sexual selection within these populations of D. mojavensis. ..
  56. Monje P, Baran E. Characterization of calcium oxalate biominerals in some (non-Cactaceae) succulent plant species. Z Naturforsch C. 2010;65:429-32 pubmed
    ..Overall, these results suggest no correlation between calcium oxalate generation and crassulacean acid metabolism in succulent plants...
  57. Souza L, Gasparetto B, Lopes R, Barros I. Temperature requirements for seed germination of Pereskia aculeata and Pereskia grandifolia. J Therm Biol. 2016;57:6-10 pubmed publisher
    ..21% of germinations. The results obtained from the germination of P. aculeata and P. grandifolia can be described by the Weindull distribution model with three parameters, as proposed by Carneiro and Guedes (1992). ..
  58. de Oliveira A, Machado M. Alkaloid production by callous tissue cultures of Cereus peruvianus (Cactaceae). Appl Biochem Biotechnol. 2003;104:149-55 pubmed
    ..peruvianus callous tissues. ..
  59. Arias S, Terrazas T, Arreola Nava H, Vázquez Sánchez M, Cameron K. Phylogenetic relationships in Peniocereus (Cactaceae) inferred from plastid DNA sequence data. J Plant Res. 2005;118:317-28 pubmed
    The phylogenetic relationships of Peniocereus (Cactaceae) species were studied using parsimony analyses of DNA sequence data...
  60. Bruhn J, El Seedi H, Stephanson N, Beck O, Shulgin A. Ecstasy analogues found in cacti. J Psychoactive Drugs. 2008;40:219-22 pubmed
    ..A search for further biosynthetic analogues may provide new insights into the structure-activity relationships of mescaline. An intriguing question is whether the new natural compounds can be called "designer drugs." ..
  61. Gilbert S, McDonald E, Boyle N, Buttino N, Gyi L, Mai M, et al. Symbiosis as a source of selectable epigenetic variation: taking the heat for the big guy. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2010;365:671-8 pubmed publisher
    ..We will focus on symbioses in coral reef cnidarians symbiosis, pea aphids and cactuses, wherein the symbiotic system provides thermotolerance for the composite organism. ..
  62. Loperena Alvarez Y, Ren P, Li X, Schoonmaker Bopp D, Bopp D, Ruiz A, et al. Genotypic characterization of environmental isolates of Cryptococcus gattii from Puerto Rico. Mycopathologia. 2010;170:279-85 pubmed publisher
    ..gattii VGII/AFLP6 molecular type implicated in recent outbreaks of cryptococcosis in Pacific Northwest and British Columbia, Canada, but different in its M13 fingerprinting, and a common genotype in South America. ..
  63. Chattopadhyay M, Shi K, Yuan X, Simon A. Long-distance kissing loop interactions between a 3' proximal Y-shaped structure and apical loops of 5' hairpins enhance translation of Saguaro cactus virus. Virology. 2011;417:113-25 pubmed publisher
    ..Similar PTE can be found in six additional carmoviruses that can putatively form long-distance interactions with 5' hairpins located in comparable positions. ..
  64. Fabela Illescas H, Ávila Domínguez R, Hernández Pacheco A, Ariza Ortega J, Betanzos Cabrera G. [EFFECT OF A BEVERAGE MADE FROM CACTUS PEAR (NOPALEA COCHENILLIFERA (L) SALM-DYCK) IN A RURAL POPULATION OF HIDALGO, MEXICO; A PILOT CLINICAL TRIAL]. Nutr Hosp. 2015;32:2710-4 pubmed publisher
    ..No obstante, deben efectuarse futuros ensayos con un tamaño de muestra más grande y más grupos control, para que la efectividad pueda ser totalmente evaluada. ..
  65. Hernández Becerra E, Gutiérrez Cortez E, del Real A, Rojas Molina A, Rodríguez García M, Rubio E, et al. Bone Mineral Density, Mechanical, Microstructural Properties and Mineral Content of the Femur in Growing Rats Fed with Cactus Opuntia ficus indica (L.) Mill. (Cactaceae) Cladodes as Calcium Source in Diet. Nutrients. 2017;9: pubmed publisher
    ..Mill. (Cactaceae) cladodes at different maturity stages as calcium source...
  66. Min B, Song Y, Ryu K. Complete sequence and genome structure of cactus mild mottle virus. Arch Virol. 2009;154:1371-4 pubmed publisher
    ..Phylogenetic analysis of the viral replicases and MP revealed that CMMoV is closely related to cucurbit-infecting tobamoviruses, while the CMMoV CP is more closely related to brassica- and solanaceous-infecting tobamoviruses...
  67. Nisoli C, Gabor N, Lammert P, Maynard J, Crespi V. Annealing a magnetic cactus into phyllotaxis. Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys. 2010;81:046107 pubmed
    ..We employ a structural genetic algorithm to explore the more general axially unconstrained case, which reveals multijugate (multiple spirals) as well as monojugate (single-spiral) phyllotaxis. ..
  68. Guillén S, Casas A, Terrazas T, Vega E, Martínez Palacios A. Differential survival and growth of wild and cultivated seedlings of columnar cacti: Consequences of domestication. Am J Bot. 2013;100:2364-79 pubmed publisher
    ..Such differences may contribute to morphophysiological divergences between wild and cultivated populations. Interspecific differences might be associated with adaptations to the natural environments where each species occurs. ..
  69. English N, Dettman D, Sandquist D, Williams D. Past climate changes and ecophysiological responses recorded in the isotope ratios of saguaro cactus spines. Oecologia. 2007;154:247-58 pubmed
  70. Chamberlain S, Holland J. Density-mediated, context-dependent consumer-resource interactions between ants and extrafloral nectar plants. Ecology. 2008;89:1364-74 pubmed
    ..Despite pronounced effects of EFN resources mediating the aggregative density of ants on plants and their context-dependent use of floral resources, consumer-resource interactions remained largely commensalistic. ..
  71. Baker M, Butterworth C. Geographic distribution and taxonomic circumscription of populations within Coryphantha section Robustispina (Cactaceae). Am J Bot. 2013;100:984-97 pubmed publisher was the first to compare adequately sampled morphological and DNA analyses at the population level in the Cactaceae. This comparison was important to test reliability of both methods and to gain a better understanding of ..
  72. Harlev E, Nevo E, Solowey E, Bishayee A. Cancer preventive and curative attributes of plants of the Cactaceae family: a review. Planta Med. 2013;79:713-22 pubmed publisher
    ..The Cactaceae family comprises more than 1500 species, but until recently only a few of them have been tested for their ..
  73. Mangolin C, Ottoboni L, Machado M. RAPD markers to evaluate callus tissue of Cereus peruvianus Mill. (Cactaceae) maintained in different growth regulator combinations. Biochem Genet. 2002;40:351-8 pubmed
    ..RAPD markers are, therefore, effective tools useful for detecting DNA polymorphism in callus tissue as well as in the DNA identification of callus tissues maintained in different auxin and cytokinin combinations. ..
  74. Martisek D. The two-dimensional and three-dimensional processing of images provided by conventional microscopes. Scanning. 2002;24:284-96 pubmed
    ..Better results and a three-dimensional model can be obtained by applying the following theory. As part of this paper, an original program based on this theory is described. ..
  75. Ravikumar S, Shyamala S, Muthuraman P, Srikumar K. Isolation, purification, and characterization of thermophilic T80 isoenzyme of xylose isomerase from the xerophyte Cereus pterogonus. Prep Biochem Biotechnol. 2011;41:122-37 pubmed publisher
  76. Zohdi N, Amid M. Optimization of extraction of novel pectinase enzyme discovered in red pitaya (Hylocereus polyrhizus) peel. Molecules. 2013;18:14366-80 pubmed publisher
    ..The most desirable conditions to achieve the highest activity and stability of pectinase enzyme from pitaya peel were the use of 5:1 buffer to sample ratio at 5 °C and pH 8.0. ..
  77. Monje P, Baran E. Characterization of calcium oxalates generated as biominerals in cacti. Plant Physiol. 2002;128:707-13 pubmed
    The chemical composition and morphology of solid material isolated from various Cactaceae species have been analyzed. All of the tested specimens deposited high-purity calcium oxalate crystals in their succulent modified stems...
  78. Nassar J, Hamrick J, Fleming T. Allozyme diversity and genetic structure of the leafy cactus (Pereskia guamacho [Cactaceae]). J Hered. 2002;93:193-200 pubmed
    ..The concentration of the highest estimates of genetic variation in northwestern Venezuela suggests a potential reservoir of plant genetic diversity within xerophilous ecosystems in northern South America. ..
  79. Bacardi Gascon M, Dueñas Mena D, Jimenez Cruz A. Lowering effect on postprandial glycemic response of nopales added to Mexican breakfasts. Diabetes Care. 2007;30:1264-5 pubmed
  80. Balen B, Krsnik Rasol M, Zamfir A, Zadro I, Vakhrushev S, Peter Katalinic J. Assessment of N-glycan heterogeneity of cactus glycoproteins by one-dimensional gel electrophoresis and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry. J Biomol Tech. 2007;18:162-72 pubmed
  81. Huang X, Li Q, Li H, Guo L. Neuroprotective and antioxidative effect of cactus polysaccharides in vivo and in vitro. Cell Mol Neurobiol. 2009;29:1211-21 pubmed publisher
    ..These results suggest that CP may be a candidate compound for the treatment of ischemia and oxidative stress-induced neurodegenerative disease. ..
  82. Munguía Rosas M, Sosa V, Jácome Flores M. Pollination system of the Pilosocereus leucocephalus columnar cactus (tribe Cereeae) in eastern Mexico. Plant Biol (Stuttg). 2010;12:578-86 pubmed publisher
    ..Although we report here that a new species of tropical Pilosocereus is relatively bat-specialised, this Cereeae genus is more flexible in its pollination system than the Pachycereeae genera. ..
  83. Carrillo A, Li C, Bashan Y. Increased acidification in the rhizosphere of cactus seedlings induced by Azospirillum brasilense. Naturwissenschaften. 2002;89:428-32 pubmed
    ..On the other hand, nitrate increased pH of the rhizosphere, but combined with the bacterial inoculation, increase in pH was significantly smaller. Bacterial inoculation with ammonium enhanced plant growth. ..
  84. Otero Arnaiz A, Casas A, Hamrick J. Direct and indirect estimates of gene flow among wild and managed populations of Polaskia chichipe, an endemic columnar cactus in Central Mexico. Mol Ecol. 2005;14:4313-22 pubmed
    ..We discuss our results in the general context of genetic exchange between cultivated and wild populations during the domestication process. ..
  85. Seol E, Jung Y, Lee J, Cho C, Kim T, Rhee Y, et al. In planta transformation of Notocactus scopa cv. Soonjung by Agrobacterium tumefaciens. Plant Cell Rep. 2008;27:1197-206 pubmed publisher
  86. Ritz C, Reiker J, Charles G, Hoxey P, Hunt D, Lowry M, et al. Molecular phylogeny and character evolution in terete-stemmed Andean opuntias (Cactaceae-Opuntioideae). Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2012;65:668-81 pubmed publisher
    The cacti of tribe Tephrocacteae (Cactaceae-Opuntioideae) are adapted to diverse climatic conditions over a wide area of the southern Andes and adjacent lowlands...
  87. Adki V, Jadhav J, Bapat V. Exploring the phytoremediation potential of cactus (Nopalea cochenillifera Salm. Dyck.) cell cultures for textile dye degradation. Int J Phytoremediation. 2012;14:554-69 pubmed
    b>Cactaceae Nopalea cochenillifera cell cultures and intact plants (cladodes) transform various toxic textile dyes, including Red HE7B into less phytotoxic, non-hazardous metabolites...
  88. Russell D, Kim T, Kubis K. Evaluation and management of 2 ferocactus spines in the orbit. Ophthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg. 2013;29:e120-3 pubmed publisher
    ..To the authors' knowledge, this is the first case report of cactus spines in the orbit. Health-care professionals should have a low threshold for imaging in cases of traumatic injuries involving cactus spines. ..
  89. Matzkin L. Ecological genomics of host shifts in Drosophila mojavensis. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2014;781:233-47 pubmed publisher
    ..mojavensis populations, thereby providing further understanding of the genetic mechanism of adaptation and its role in the divergence of ecologically distinct populations. ..
  90. Flexer V, Mano N. From dynamic measurements of photosynthesis in a living plant to sunlight transformation into electricity. Anal Chem. 2010;82:1444-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, we demonstrate that with our electrodes we could harvest glucose and O(2) produced during photosynthesis to produce energy, transforming sunlight into electricity in a simple, green, renewable, and sustainable way. ..
  91. Ong Y, Tan W, Rosfarizan M, Chan E, Tey B. Isolation and identification of lactic acid bacteria from fermented red dragon fruit juices. J Food Sci. 2012;77:M560-4 pubmed publisher
    ..Current research revealed the use of biochemical analyses and molecular approaches to identify the microbial population particularly lactic acid bacteria from fermented red dragon fruit juices. ..
  92. LeVan K, Hung K, McCann K, Ludka J, Holway D. Floral visitation by the Argentine ant reduces pollinator visitation and seed set in the coast barrel cactus, Ferocactus viridescens. Oecologia. 2014;174:163-71 pubmed publisher
    ..Moreover, as habitats become increasingly infiltrated by introduced species, the loss of native mutualists and their replacement by non-native species may alter the shape of trade-offs between plant defense and reproduction. ..