tropaeolum

Summary

Summary: A plant genus of the family TROPAEOLACEAE. The common nasturtium is a plant that grows 2.4-3.6 m (8-12 feet) tall and has funnel-shaped flowers that are commonly yellow-orange with red spots or stripes and have a long spur that contains sweet nectar. Some species in this genus are called watercress which is also a common name for RORIPPA and NASTURTIUM.

Top Publications

  1. Cárdenas Valencia I, Nieto J, Gasco M, Gonzales C, Rubio J, Portella J, et al. Tropaeolum tuberosum (Mashua) reduces testicular function: effect of different treatment times. Andrologia. 2008;40:352-7 pubmed publisher
    b>Tropaeolum tuberosum Ruiz & Pavon, along with other several species, is an edible-tuber crop that grows in the Andean region. Folk medicine describes the use of mashua to reduce reproductive function in men...
  2. Gasparotto Junior A, Gasparotto F, Boffo M, Lourenço E, Stefanello M, Salvador M, et al. Diuretic and potassium-sparing effect of isoquercitrin-an active flavonoid of Tropaeolum majus L. J Ethnopharmacol. 2011;134:210-5 pubmed publisher
    Previous studies have shown that the extracts obtained from Tropaeolum majus L. exhibit pronounced diuretic effects supporting the ethnopharmacological use of this plant as diuretic...
  3. Gasparotto Junior A, Gasparotto F, Lourenço E, Crestani S, Stefanello M, Salvador M, et al. Antihypertensive effects of isoquercitrin and extracts from Tropaeolum majus L.: evidence for the inhibition of angiotensin converting enzyme. J Ethnopharmacol. 2011;134:363-72 pubmed publisher
    Previous studies have shown that the extracts obtained from Tropaeolum majus L. exhibit pronounced diuretic properties...
  4. Silva M, Mussury R, Vieira M, Alves Junior V, Pereira Z, Scalon S. Floral biology of Tropaeolum majus L. and its relation with Astylus variegatus activity (Germar 1824). An Acad Bras Cienc. 2011;83:1251-8 pubmed
    b>Tropaeolum majus L. (nasturtium) is a culture popularly known by its medicinal, ornamental and culinary utility...
  5. Gasparotto Junior A, Prando T, Leme T, Gasparotto F, Lourenço E, Rattmann Y, et al. Mechanisms underlying the diuretic effects of Tropaeolum majus L. extracts and its main component isoquercitrin. J Ethnopharmacol. 2012;141:501-9 pubmed publisher
    Previous studies have shown that the extracts obtained from Tropaeolum majus L., and its main compound isoquercitrin (ISQ), exhibit pronounced diuretic effects, supporting the ethnopharmacological use of this plant...
  6. Pitzschke A. Tropaeolum tops tobacco - simple and efficient transgene expression in the order Brassicales. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e73355 pubmed publisher
    ..Unlike Arabidopsis, Tropaeolum is capable of engaging in endomycorrhizal associations and is therefore relevant also to symbiosis research...
  7. Xu J, Francis T, Mietkiewska E, Giblin E, Barton D, Zhang Y, et al. Cloning and characterization of an acyl-CoA-dependent diacylglycerol acyltransferase 1 (DGAT1) gene from Tropaeolum majus, and a study of the functional motifs of the DGAT protein using site-directed mutagenesis to modify enzyme activity and oil cont. Plant Biotechnol J. 2008;6:799-818 pubmed publisher
    A full-length cDNA encoding a putative diacylglycerol acyltransferase 1 (DGAT1, EC 2.3.1.20) was obtained from Tropaeolum majus (garden nasturtium)...
  8. Gleissberg S, Groot E, Schmalz M, Eichert M, Kölsch A, Hutter S. Developmental events leading to peltate leaf structure in Tropaeolum majus (Tropaeolaceae) are associated with expression domain changes of a YABBY gene. Dev Genes Evol. 2005;215:313-9 pubmed
    ..Here, we show that evolution of leaf peltation in Tropaeolum majus, a species distantly related to Arabidopsis thaliana, was associated with altered expression of Tropaeolum ..
  9. Kleinwächter M, Schnug E, Selmar D. The glucosinolate-myrosinase system in nasturtium (Tropaeolum majus L.): variability of biochemical parameters and screening for clones feasible for pharmaceutical utilization. J Agric Food Chem. 2008;56:11165-70 pubmed publisher
    Leaves of Tropaeolum majus L. contain high amounts of the glucosinolate glucotropaeolin. They are used in traditional medicine to treat infections of the urinary tract...

More Information

Publications38

  1. Gasparotto A, Boffo M, Lourenço E, Stefanello M, Kassuya C, Marques M. Natriuretic and diuretic effects of Tropaeolum majus (Tropaeolaceae) in rats. J Ethnopharmacol. 2009;122:517-22 pubmed publisher
    b>Tropaeolum majus L. (Tropaeolaceae), popularly known as "chaguinha", is well recognized in Brazilian traditional medicine as diuretic agent, although no scientific data have been published to support this effect.
  2. Jensen J, Schultink A, Keegstra K, Wilkerson C, Pauly M. RNA-Seq analysis of developing nasturtium seeds (Tropaeolum majus): identification and characterization of an additional galactosyltransferase involved in xyloglucan biosynthesis. Mol Plant. 2012;5:984-92 pubmed publisher
    ..cDNA sequences were generated from developing nasturtium (Tropaeolum majus) seeds, which produce large amounts of non-fucosylated xyloglucan as a seed storage polymer...
  3. Cocuron J, Lerouxel O, Drakakaki G, Alonso A, Liepman A, Keegstra K, et al. A gene from the cellulose synthase-like C family encodes a beta-1,4 glucan synthase. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007;104:8550-5 pubmed
    ..gene(s) responsible for synthesizing the beta-1,4 glucan backbone of XyG, we exploited a property of nasturtium (Tropaeolum majus) seed development...
  4. Pitzschke A, Xue H, Persak H, Datta S, Seifert G. Post-Translational Modification and Secretion of Azelaic Acid Induced 1 (AZI1), a Hybrid Proline-Rich Protein from Arabidopsis. Int J Mol Sci. 2016;17: pubmed publisher
    ..As revealed by transient expression of AZI1 in Nicotiana benthamiana and Tropaeolum majus, the Arabidopsis protein is similarly modified in heterologous plant species...
  5. Kaiser S, Mutters N, Blessing B, Günther F. Natural isothiocyanates express antimicrobial activity against developing and mature biofilms of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Fitoterapia. 2017;119:57-63 pubmed publisher
    The antimicrobial properties of natural isothiocyanates (ITCs) found in plants such as nasturtium (Tropaeolum majus) and horseradish (Armoracia rusticana), and the need of new chemotherapeutic options for treatment of infections caused by ..
  6. da Cruz R, Denardi L, Mossmann N, Piana M, Alves S, de Campos M. Antimicrobial Activity and Chromatographic Analysis of Extracts from Tropaeolum pentaphyllum Lam. Tubers. Molecules. 2016;21: pubmed publisher
    b>Tropaeolum pentaphyllum Lam. tubers (Tropaeolaceae) are known and used as a condiment and for the treatment of skin infections in Southern Brazil. However, its activity and composition has not yet been investigated...
  7. Tran H, Marton M, Herz C, Maul R, Baldermann S, Schreiner M, et al. Nasturtium (Indian cress, Tropaeolum majus nanum) dually blocks the COX and LOX pathway in primary human immune cells. Phytomedicine. 2016;23:611-20 pubmed publisher
    Nasturtium (Indian cress, Tropaeolum majus) is known for its pharmacological value in the treatment of bacterial infections of the upper air tract and urinary bladder...
  8. Martín J, Higuera B. Glucosinolate composition of Colombian accessions of mashua (Tropaeolum tuberosum Ruíz & Pavón), structural elucidation of the predominant glucosinolate and assessment of its antifungal activity. J Sci Food Agric. 2016;96:4702-4712 pubmed publisher
    The content of individual and total glucosinolates in 65 mashua tuber accessions (Tropaeolum tuberosum) from the germplasm bank at Universidad Nacional de Colombia was determined by reverse phase high-performance liquid chromatography on ..
  9. De Bona G, Boschetti W, Bortolin R, Vale M, Moreira J, de Rios A, et al. Characterization of dietary constituents and antioxidant capacity of Tropaeolum pentaphyllum Lam. J Food Sci Technol. 2017;54:3587-3597 pubmed publisher
    ..evaluate the nutritional content and antioxidant capacity of the tubers, leaves and, flowers of the species Tropaeolum pentaphyllum Lam...
  10. Mohand F, Farkas V. Screening for hetero-transglycosylating activities in extracts from nasturtium (Tropaeolum majus). Carbohydr Res. 2006;341:577-81 pubmed
    ..glycosyl acceptors, we screened for the presence of transglycosylating activities in extracts from nasturtium (Tropaeolum majus). Besides xyloglucan endotransglycosylase/hydrolase (XTH/XET, EC 2.4.1...
  11. Smid H, Wang G, Bukovinszky T, Steidle J, Bleeker M, van Loon J, et al. Species-specific acquisition and consolidation of long-term memory in parasitic wasps. Proc Biol Sci. 2007;274:1539-46 pubmed
  12. Kosík O, Garajová S, Matulova M, Rehulka P, Stratilová E, Farkas V. Effect of the label of oligosaccharide acceptors on the kinetic parameters of nasturtium seed xyloglucan endotransglycosylase (XET). Carbohydr Res. 2011;346:357-61 pubmed publisher
    ..were used as glycosyl acceptors in assays of xyloglucan endotransglycosylase (XET) from germinated nasturtium (Tropaeolum majus) seeds...
  13. Baumann M, Eklöf J, Michel G, Kallas A, Teeri T, Czjzek M, et al. Structural evidence for the evolution of xyloglucanase activity from xyloglucan endo-transglycosylases: biological implications for cell wall metabolism. Plant Cell. 2007;19:1947-63 pubmed
    ..of the archetypal glycoside hydrolase family 16 (GH16) endo-xyloglucanases Tm-NXG1 and Tm-NXG2 from nasturtium (Tropaeolum majus) have been solved by x-ray crystallography...
  14. Gomes C, Lourenço E, Liuti E, Duque A, Nihi F, Lourenço A, et al. Evaluation of subchronic toxicity of the hydroethanolic extract of Tropaeolum majus in Wistar rats. J Ethnopharmacol. 2012;142:481-7 pubmed publisher
    ..However, it is necessary a toxicological and pharmacological evaluation for these plants. Tropaeolum majus is a medicinal plant used in popular medicine to treat several diseases, including cardiovascular ..
  15. Stauber E, Kuczka P, van Ohlen M, Vogt B, Janowitz T, Piotrowski M, et al. Turning the 'mustard oil bomb' into a 'cyanide bomb': aromatic glucosinolate metabolism in a specialist insect herbivore. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e35545 pubmed publisher
  16. Schmidt A, Ahlswede J, Störr B. Sample preparation strategies for one- and two-dimensional gel electrophoretic separation of plant proteins and the influence on arsenic and zinc bindings. J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2009;877:3097-104 pubmed publisher
    ..washing with acetone, and desalting by dialysis was developed for 2D gel electrophoresis of mature leaves from Tropaeolum majus, a plant species with a high content of glucosinolates...
  17. Kosík O, Auburn R, Russell S, Stratilová E, Garajová S, Hrmova M, et al. Polysaccharide microarrays for high-throughput screening of transglycosylase activities in plant extracts. Glycoconj J. 2010;27:79-87 pubmed publisher
    ..The glycochip assay was used to detect transglycosylase activities in crude extracts from nasturtium (Tropaeolum majus) and mouse-ear cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)...
  18. Endo A, Irisawa T, Futagawa Endo Y, Sonomoto K, Itoh K, Takano K, et al. Fructobacillus tropaeoli sp. nov., a fructophilic lactic acid bacterium isolated from a flower. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2011;61:898-902 pubmed publisher
    A fructophilic lactic acid bacterium, designated strain F214-1(T), was isolated from a flower of Tropaeolum majus in South Africa...
  19. Breme K, Tournayre P, Fernandez X, Meierhenrich U, Brevard H, Joulain D, et al. Characterization of volatile compounds of Indian cress absolute by GC-olfactometry/VIDEO-sniff and comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography. J Agric Food Chem. 2010;58:473-80 pubmed publisher
    Indian cress (Tropaeolum majus L.) has been consumed in salad or soup for decades, but its odor's detailed molecular composition is still unknown...
  20. Leiva Revilla J, Cárdenas Valencia I, Rubio J, Guerra Castañón F, Olcese Mori P, Gasco M, et al. Evaluation of different doses of mashua (Tropaeolum tuberosum) on the reduction of sperm production, motility and morphology in adult male rats. Andrologia. 2012;44 Suppl 1:205-12 pubmed publisher
    ..Finally, lower doses mashua reduces sperm number and quality (motility and morphology), and these adverse effects on male reproductive system may be reversible after 24 days after cessation of the treatment...
  21. Zhou D, Wang C, van Loon J. Chemosensory basis of behavioural plasticity in response to deterrent plant chemicals in the larva of the Small Cabbage White butterfly Pieris rapae. J Insect Physiol. 2009;55:788-92 pubmed publisher
    ..rearing diets: an artificial diet or one of two host-plants, cabbage, Brassica oleracea, or nasturtium, Tropaeolum majus...
  22. Platz S, Kühn C, Schiess S, Schreiner M, Kemper M, Pivovarova O, et al. Bioavailability and metabolism of benzyl glucosinolate in humans consuming Indian cress (Tropaeolum majus L.). Mol Nutr Food Res. 2016;60:652-60 pubmed publisher
    ..Analyzing BITC metabolites in plasma and urine should reveal insights about resorption, metabolism, and excretion...
  23. Breme K, Guillamon N, Fernandez X, Tournayre P, Brevard H, Joulain D, et al. First identification of O,S-diethyl Thiocarbonate in Indian Cress absolute and odor evaluation of its synthesized homologues by GC-sniffing. J Agric Food Chem. 2009;57:2503-7 pubmed publisher
    Indian cress (Tropaeolum majus L.) absolute was studied by GC-olfactometry (VIDEO-Sniff method) in order to identify odor-active aroma compounds...
  24. Stratilová E, Ait Mohand F, Rehulka P, Garajová S, Flodrová D, Rehulková H, et al. Xyloglucan endotransglycosylases (XETs) from germinating nasturtium (Tropaeolum majus) seeds: isolation and characterization of the major form. Plant Physiol Biochem. 2010;48:207-15 pubmed publisher
    ..Based on the sequence homology of tryptic fragments with the sequences of known XTHs, the TmXET(6.3) was classified into group II of the XTH phylogeny of glycoside hydrolase family GH16...
  25. Koriem K, Arbid M, El Gendy N. The protective role of Tropaeolum majus on blood and liver toxicity induced by diethyl maleate in rats. Toxicol Mech Methods. 2010;20:579-86 pubmed publisher
    ..In conclusion, pre-treatment with either T.majus methyl alcohol extract or vitamin E provide protection against blood and liver toxicity induced by diethyl maleate in rats, these results were confirmed by histological examinations...
  26. Troncoso Ponce M, Kilaru A, Cao X, Durrett T, Fan J, Jensen J, et al. Comparative deep transcriptional profiling of four developing oilseeds. Plant J. 2011;68:1014-27 pubmed publisher
    ..7 million ESTs from four stages of developing seeds of Ricinus communis, Brassica napus, Euonymus alatus and Tropaeolum majus, which differ in their storage tissue for oil, their ability to photosynthesize and in the structure and ..
  27. Betalleluz Pallardel I, Chirinos R, Rogez H, Pedreschi R, Campos D. Phenolic compounds from Andean mashua (Tropaeolum tuberosum) tubers display protection against soybean oil oxidation. Food Sci Technol Int. 2012;18:271-80 pubmed publisher
    ..This study provides strong evidence related to the excellent protective effects against soybean oil oxidation of mashua phenolics. This crop could be utilized as an alternative source of natural antioxidants by the oil industry...
  28. Schmidt A, Kutschera K, Mattusch J, Otto M. Analysis of accumulation, extractability, and metabolization of five different phenylarsenic compounds in plants by ion chromatography with mass spectrometric detection and by atomic emission spectroscopy. Chemosphere. 2008;73:1781-7 pubmed publisher
    ..acid, phenylarsine oxide, and 3-nitro-4-hydroxyphenylarsonic acid called roxarsone, by the terrestrial plant Tropaeolum majus were investigated...
  29. Chanliaud E, De Silva J, Strongitharm B, Jeronimidis G, Gidley M. Mechanical effects of plant cell wall enzymes on cellulose/xyloglucan composites. Plant J. 2004;38:27-37 pubmed
    ..Mechanical consequences of tXET action are shown to be complimentary to those of cucumber expansin...