sterculiaceae

Summary

Summary: A plant family of the order Malvales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. The leaves of Sterculiaceae are alternate and simple or palmately compound. Flowers have three to five sepals and five or no petals.

Top Publications

  1. Meragelman T, Tucker K, McCloud T, Cardellina J, Shoemaker R. Antifungal flavonoids from Hildegardia barteri. J Nat Prod. 2005;68:1790-2 pubmed
    ..The pterocarpan 2 was largely responsible for the observed antifungal activity...
  2. Venkatesh S, Laxmi K, Reddy B, Ramesh M. Antinociceptive activity of Helicteres isora. Fitoterapia. 2007;78:146-8 pubmed
    ..Helicteres isora root extracts were studied for antinociceptive activity on acetic acid-induced writhing test in mice, at a dose of 250 mg/kg. Petroleum ether, chloroform and aqueous ethanol extracts have shown significant activity...
  3. Samuel P, Arunachalam N, Hiriyan J, Thenmozhi V, Gajanana A, Satyanarayana K. Host-feeding pattern of Culex quinquefasciatus Say and Mansonia annulifera (Theobald) (Diptera: Culicidae), the major vectors of filariasis in a rural area of south India. J Med Entomol. 2004;41:442-6 pubmed
    ..quinquefasciatus and Ma. annulifera collected from an endemic belt of Malayan filariasis, where epidemiological studies revealed the coexistence of Bancroftian and Malayan filariasis...
  4. Reid K, Jäger A, Light M, Mulholland D, van Staden J. Phytochemical and pharmacological screening of Sterculiaceae species and isolation of antibacterial compounds. J Ethnopharmacol. 2005;97:285-91 pubmed
    Little previous phytochemical investigation has been conducted on South African Sterculiaceae species used in traditional medicine...
  5. Kumar G, Murugesan A. Hypolipidaemic activity of Helicteres isora L. bark extracts in streptozotocin induced diabetic rats. J Ethnopharmacol. 2008;116:161-6 pubmed publisher
    ..The bark extract at a dose of 200 mg/kgb.w. showed much significant hypolipidaemic effect than at the dose of 100 mg/kgb.w...
  6. Kespohl S, Sander I, Merget R, Petersen A, Meyer H, Sickmann A, et al. Identification of an obeche (Triplochiton scleroxylon) wood allergen as a class I chitinase. Allergy. 2005;60:808-14 pubmed
    ..Trip s 1 is a new obeche wood allergen of the plant class I chitinase family. This finding may explain the dominant role of obeche in sensitization against wood dust. ..
  7. Jin Z, Akiyama T, Chung B, Matsumoto Y, Iiyama K, Watanabe S. Changes in lignin content of leaf litters during mulching. Phytochemistry. 2003;64:1023-31 pubmed
    ..The absolute amounts of the measured lignin somewhat decreased during mulching, while the structure of lignin remaining in leaf litters after mulching was considered not to be very different from its original structure...
  8. Cardoso N, Lima E, Pinto I, Amavisca C, Royer B, Pinto R, et al. Application of cupuassu shell as biosorbent for the removal of textile dyes from aqueous solution. J Environ Manage. 2011;92:1237-47 pubmed publisher
    ..The equilibrium data were fitted to Langmuir, Freundlich, Sips and Radke-Prausnitz isotherm models. For both dyes the equilibrium data were best fitted to the Sips isotherm model. ..
  9. Gao Y, Su D, Hu Y, Lin H, Zhang W, Dai W. [Effect of Helicteres angustifolia on rats with ulcerative colitis]. Zhong Yao Cai. 2013;36:597-600 pubmed
    ..The colon tissue damages and the symptoms of UC rats were improved. AEHA can keep balance of inflammatory factors in blood of UC rats, and improve it's colon tissue damages and symptoms. ..

More Information

Publications84

  1. Wei Y, Wang G, Zhang X, Wang Y, Ye W. [Studies on chemical constituents in roots of Helicteres angustifolia]. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2011;36:1193-7 pubmed
    ..Compounds 5,8,9,13, 14 were isolated from this plant for the first time. ..
  2. Tiawsirisup S, Sripatranusorn S, Oraveerakul K, Nuchprayoon S. Distribution of mosquito (Diptera: Culicidae) species and Wolbachia (Rickettsiales: Rickettsiaceae) infections during the bird immigration season in Pathumthani province, central Thailand. Parasitol Res. 2008;102:731-5 pubmed
    ..Wolbachia infection in other mosquito species collected in this and other areas need to be investigated to understand species and geographic variation of Wolbachia infection in mosquitoes in nature. ..
  3. de Melo J, Pedrochi F, Baesso M, Hernandes L, Truiti M, Baroni S, et al. Evidence of deep percutaneous penetration associated with anti-inflammatory activity of topically applied Helicteres gardneriana extract: a photoacoustic spectroscopy study. Pharm Res. 2011;28:331-6 pubmed publisher
    ..This pre-clinical study showed the anti-inflammatory effect of Helicteres gardneriana extract. The photoacoustic technique was useful to demonstrate that this anti-inflammatory activity was associated with deep percutaneous penetration. ..
  4. Tiew P, Ioset J, Kokpol U, Chavasiri W, Hostettmann K. Antifungal, antioxidant and larvicidal activities of compounds isolated from the heartwood of Mansonia gagei. Phytother Res. 2003;17:190-3 pubmed
    ..Two coumarin derivatives, mansorin A (1) and mansorin B (2) were also found to be active against Cladosporium cucumerinum, while mansonone N (9) was the only isolated product to show radical scavenging properties. ..
  5. Ordaz G, D Armas H, Yáñez D, Moreno S. [Chemical composition of essential oils from leaves of Helicteres guazumifolia (Sterculiaceae), Piper tuberculatum (Piperaceae), Scoparia dulcis (Arecaceae) and Solanum subinerme (Solanaceae) from Sucre, Venezuela]. Rev Biol Trop. 2011;59:585-95 pubmed
    ..This suggests that these plants may require similar secondary metabolites for their ecological interactions, possibly due to common environmental factors...
  6. Kengne Noumsi I, Akoa A, Atangana Eteme R, Nya J, Ngniado P, Fonkou T, et al. Mosquito development and biological control in a macrophyte-based wastewater treatment plant. Water Sci Technol. 2005;51:201-4 pubmed
    ..Gambusia sp. introduced to control mosquito population in the ponds acclimatized relatively well in most of the ponds (B3-B7) and their feeding rate without any diet ranged from 15.0 to 50.2 larvae/day for a single fish. ..
  7. Cook S, Moureau G, Harbach R, Mukwaya L, Goodger K, Ssenfuka F, et al. Isolation of a novel species of flavivirus and a new strain of Culex flavivirus (Flaviviridae) from a natural mosquito population in Uganda. J Gen Virol. 2009;90:2669-78 pubmed publisher
    ..This represents the first isolation, to our knowledge, of a novel insect-only flavivirus from a Mansonia species and the first isolation of a strain of CxFV from Africa...
  8. Wang J, Du Y. Contribution to our knowledge of the whitefly genus Aleuroclava Singh (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) in China, including Taiwan and Hong Kong, with descriptions of two new species. Zootaxa. 2016;4138:332-48 pubmed publisher
    Two new whitefly species, Aleuroclava sterculiae sp. nov., collected from Sterculia nobilis (Malvales: Sterculiaceae) of Qingxiu hill park (Guangxi, China), and Aleuroclava rosae sp. nov., collected from Stranvaesia sp...
  9. Taparia S, Khanna A. Procyanidin-rich extract of natural cocoa powder causes ROS-mediated caspase-3 dependent apoptosis and reduction of pro-MMP-2 in epithelial ovarian carcinoma cell lines. Biomed Pharmacother. 2016;83:130-140 pubmed publisher
    ..As of today, Theobroma cacao L. (Sterculiaceae) and its products are consumed worldwide...
  10. Bai H, Li S, Yin F, Hu L. Isoprenylated naphthoquinone dimers firmianones A, B, and C from Firmiana platanifolia. J Nat Prod. 2005;68:1159-63 pubmed
    ..The absolute configurations of firmianones A and B with a rare hexacyclic skeleton were determined by CD exciton-coupling experiments. Firmianones A and B exhibited moderate cytotoxicity to the P388 cancer cell line. ..
  11. Gressler V, Stüker C, Dias G, Dalcol I, Burrow R, Schmidt J, et al. Quinolone alkaloids from Waltheria douradinha. Phytochemistry. 2008;69:994-9 pubmed
    ..Additionally, waltherione B and vanessine, and the O- and N-methyl derivatives of waltherione A and waltherione B, were evaluated for their antimicrobial activities; only vanessine displayed any (weak) antimicrobial activity. ..
  12. Huang Q, Li Y, Zhang S, Huang R, Zheng L, Wei L, et al. Effect and mechanism of methyl helicterate isolated from Helicteres angustifolia (Sterculiaceae) on hepatic fibrosis induced by carbon tetrachloride in rats. J Ethnopharmacol. 2012;143:889-95 pubmed publisher
    Methyl helicterate is a triterpenoid isolated from Helicteres angustifolia (Sterculiaceae), one of the valuable traditional Chinese herbs. Antifibrotic activities of H. angustifolia have been extensively proved...
  13. Alonso Castro A, Salazar Olivo L. The anti-diabetic properties of Guazuma ulmifolia Lam are mediated by the stimulation of glucose uptake in normal and diabetic adipocytes without inducing adipogenesis. J Ethnopharmacol. 2008;118:252-6 pubmed publisher
    Guazuma ulmifolia Lam (Sterculiaceae) is a plant extensively used in México for the empirical treatment of type 2 diabetes. To investigate the anti-diabetic mechanisms of Guazuma ulmifolia...
  14. Goldarazena A, Infante F. Guerothrips moundi, gen. et sp.n. (Thysanoptera, Thripidae) from Chiapas, Mexico. Zootaxa. 2013;3669:172-8 pubmed
    ..et sp. n., (Thripidae, Thripinae) is described from flowers of the herbaceus plant Waltheria indica (Sterculiaceae) found in Tapachula, Chiapas, Mexico. G...
  15. Cordeiro N, Ndangalasi H, McEntee J, Howe H. Disperser limitation and recruitment of an endemic African tree in a fragmented landscape. Ecology. 2009;90:1030-41 pubmed
    ..Our earlier study of an endemic African tree, Leptonychia usambarensis (Sterculiaceae), in the East Usambara Mountains of Tanzania, found poorer recruitment of seedlings and juveniles in small ..
  16. Souza G, Ribeiro R, Sato A, Oliveira M. Diurnal and seasonal carbon balance of four tropical tree species differing in successional status. Braz J Biol. 2008;68:781-93 pubmed
    ..b>Sterculiaceae) as light-demanding pioneer species, and Hymenaea courbaril L...
  17. Shriram V, Jahagirdar S, Latha C, Kumar V, Dhakephalkar P, Rojatkar S, et al. Antibacterial & antiplasmid activities of Helicteres isora L. Indian J Med Res. 2010;132:94-9 pubmed
    ..Acetone fractions of H. isora may be a source to develop antiplasmid agents of natural origin to contain the development and spread of plasmid borne multiple antibiotic resistance. ..
  18. Venturini M, Gastaminza G, Kespohl S, Bernedo N, Garmendia M, Raulf Heimsoth M, et al. Cross-reactivity between obeche wood (Triplochiton scleroxylon) and natural rubber latex. Allergy. 2004;59:225-8 pubmed
    ..We have investigated a possible cross reactivity with a tree belonging to the Sterculiaceae family, Tryplochiton scleroxylon, in a patient allergic to obeche wood, that began to suffer symptoms of ..
  19. Magos G, Mateos J, Páez E, Fernández G, Lobato C, Marquez C, et al. Hypotensive and vasorelaxant effects of the procyanidin fraction from Guazuma ulmifolia bark in normotensive and hypertensive rats. J Ethnopharmacol. 2008;117:58-68 pubmed publisher
    ..was to investigate the in vivo and in vitro cardiovascular activity of a procyanidin fraction (PCF) obtained from acetone extract of Guazuma ulmifolia bark which has traditionally been used as an antihypertensive agent...
  20. Rostal M, Evans A, Sang R, Gikundi S, Wakhule L, Munyua P, et al. Identification of potential vectors of and detection of antibodies against Rift Valley fever virus in livestock during interepizootic periods. Am J Vet Res. 2010;71:522-6 pubmed publisher
    ..To evaluate the prevalence of Rift Valley fever virus (RVFV) antibodies in livestock and presence of competent mosquito vectors of RVFV during an interepizootic period (IEP) in Kenya...
  21. Chang Y, Ku Y, Lin J, Lu K, Ho L. Analysis of three lupane type triterpenoids in Helicteres angustifolia by high-performance liquid chromatography. J Pharm Biomed Anal. 2001;26:849-55 pubmed
    Kang-chih-ma is the dried roots and stems of Helicteres angustifolia (Sterculiaceae) and a commonly used folk herbal drug in Taiwan...
  22. Cao S, Brodie P, Miller J, Birkinshaw C, Rakotondrafara A, Andriantsiferana R, et al. Antiproliferative compounds of Helmiopsis sphaerocarpa from the Madagascar rainforest. Nat Prod Res. 2009;23:638-43 pubmed publisher
    Bioassay-directed separation of an ethanol extract of the leaves of Helmiopsis sphaerocarpa L.C. Barnett (Sterculiaceae) led to the isolation of the new compound 14alpha,15alpha-epoxy-3beta-hydroxytaraxerane (1) and the four known ..
  23. El Halawany A, Chung M, Ma C, Komatsu K, Nishihara T, Hattori M. Anti-estrogenic activity of mansorins and mansonones from the heartwood of Mansonia gagei DRUMM. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 2007;55:1332-7 pubmed
    ..All the tested compounds showed higher binding affinities to ERbeta than to ERalpha in the yeast two-hybrid assay. Mansonones F and S showed the most potent estrogen binding and estrogen antagonistic effects...
  24. Changwong N, Sabphon C, Ingkaninan K, Sawasdee P. Acetyl- and butyryl-cholinesterase inhibitory activities of mansorins and mansonones. Phytother Res. 2012;26:392-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, the study also supports the hypothesis that mansonones are the active component in Thespesia populnea, a plant that previously has been shown to enhance memory activity in an in vivo study...
  25. Benie T, Thieulant M. Mechanisms underlying antigonadotropic effects of some traditional plant extracts in pituitary cell culture. Phytomedicine. 2004;11:157-64 pubmed
    Previous works have demonstrated that stem bark extracts of Cola nitida (Sterculiaceae), Afrormosia laxiflora and Pterocarpus erinaceus (Fabaceae) provoked a blockade of female rat ovulation and estrous cycle by inhibiting pituitary LH ..
  26. Kumar G, Sharmila Banu G, Murugesan A. Attenuation of Helicteres isora L. bark extracts on streptozotocin-induced alterations in glycogen and carbohydrate metabolism in albino rats. Hum Exp Toxicol. 2009;28:689-96 pubmed publisher
    ..isora partially corrected this alteration. The efficacy of the bark extract was comparable with Tolbutamide, a well-known hypoglycemic drug...
  27. Bhavsar S, Foller M, Gu S, Vir S, Shah M, Bhutani K, et al. Involvement of the PI3K/AKT pathway in the hypoglycemic effects of saponins from Helicteres isora. J Ethnopharmacol. 2009;126:386-96 pubmed publisher
    ..Saponins from Helicteres isora have previously been shown to exert antidiabetic effects. The present study explored the underlying mechanisms in C2C12 skeletal muscle cells...
  28. Muturi E, Muriu S, Shililu J, Mwangangi J, Jacob B, Mbogo C, et al. Blood-feeding patterns of Culex quinquefasciatus and other culicines and implications for disease transmission in Mwea rice scheme, Kenya. Parasitol Res. 2008;102:1329-35 pubmed publisher
  29. Lima M, Lopez J, David J, Silva E, Giulietti A, De Queiroz L, et al. Acetylcholinesterase activity of alkaloids from the leaves of Waltheria brachypetala. Planta Med. 2009;75:335-7 pubmed publisher
    Chemical investigation of the leaves of Waltheria brachypetala Turks (Sterculiaceae) resulted in the isolation of quinolinone alkaloids, waltherione-A, waltherione-B (N-methylwaltherione-A), 8-methoxyflindersine, and the cyclic peptide ..
  30. Snyder S, Kontes F. Explorations into neolignan biosynthesis: concise total syntheses of helicterin B, helisorin, and helisterculin A from a common intermediate. J Am Chem Soc. 2009;131:1745-52 pubmed publisher
  31. Wang G, Li T, Wei Y, Zhang Y, Li Y, Sze S, et al. Two pregnane derivatives and a quinolone alkaloid from Helicteres angustifolia. Fitoterapia. 2012;83:1643-7 pubmed publisher
    ..All of the isolates were evaluated for their anti-proliferative activities against HT-29 human colon cancer cells and OVCA 429 ovarian cancer cells by MTT assay...
  32. Samung Y, Palakul K, Apiwathnasorn C, Prummongkol S, Asavanich A, Leemingsawat S. Laboratory colonization of Mansonia mosquitoes with an emphasis on Ma. annulata and Ma. bonneae. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 2006;37:656-61 pubmed
    ..Further study, focusing particularly on larval attachment substrates and rearing medium, is needed to develop a standardized and practical rearing technique for Mansonia mosquitoes...
  33. Venkatesh S, Madhava Reddy B, Dayanand Reddy G, Mullangi R, Lakshman M. Antihyperglycemic and hypolipidemic effects of Helicteres isora roots in alloxan-induced diabetic rats: a possible mechanism of action. J Nat Med. 2010;64:295-304 pubmed publisher
    The antihyperglycemic and hypolipidemic activities of Helicteres isora Linn. (Sterculiaceae) root extracts were investigated in alloxan-induced diabetic rats and a possible mechanism of the blood glucose lowering action was studied...
  34. Ughasi J, Bekard H, Coulibaly M, Adabie Gomez D, Gyapong J, Appawu M, et al. Mansonia africana and Mansonia uniformis are vectors in the transmission of Wuchereria bancrofti lymphatic filariasis in Ghana. Parasit Vectors. 2012;5:89 pubmed publisher
    ..melas could transmit at low level microfilaraemia. However, because An. melas is not found everywhere there was the need to determine whether any of the other culicine species could also be playing a role in the transmission of LF...
  35. El Halawany A, Salah El Dine R, Hattori M. Anti-estrogenic activity of mansonone G and mansorin A derivatives. Pharm Biol. 2013;51:948-54 pubmed publisher
    Mansonone G and mansorin A are major bioactive constituents from Mansonia gagei Drumm (Sterculiaceae) wood, and their mild anti-estrogenic activity was reported previously by the authors.
  36. Soobrattee M, Bahorun T, Neergheen V, Googoolye K, Aruoma O. Assessment of the content of phenolics and antioxidant actions of the Rubiaceae, Ebenaceae, Celastraceae, Erythroxylaceae and Sterculaceae families of Mauritian endemic plants. Toxicol In Vitro. 2008;22:45-56 pubmed
    ..Mauritian endemic plants, particularly the genus Diospyros, are good sources of phenolic antioxidants and potential candidates for the development of prophylactic agents...
  37. Kuforiji O, Fasidi I. Influence of light and spawn quantity on the growth of Nigerian mushroom Pleurotus tuber-regium. J Environ Biol. 2009;30:605-8 pubmed
    ..The mushroom did not produce sclerotia in corn cob and groundnut shell when exposed to light. However, maximal yield values of 286.8 and 288.4 g kg(-1) waste were obtained in both substrates in total darkness...
  38. Pan M, Chen C, Lee S, Chen Z. Cytotoxic triterpenoids from the root bark of Helicteres angustifolia. Chem Biodivers. 2008;5:565-74 pubmed publisher
    ..Among them, compounds 2, 3, 3beta-O-[(E)-coumaroyl]betulinic acid (6), and pyracrenic acid (7) showed significant cytotoxic activities against human cancer cells COLO 205 and AGS...
  39. Souza G, Ribeiro R, Santos M, Ribeiro H, Oliveira R. Functional groups of forest succession as dissipative structures: an applied study. Braz J Biol. 2004;64:707-18 pubmed
    ..As a practical result, our study suggests the deltaT analysis in order to evaluate the efficiency of dissipative structures and as a aid in characterizing functional groups...
  40. Lourido G, Silva N, Motta C. [Biological parameters and damage by Macrosoma tipulata Hübner (Lepidoptera: Hedylidae), in cupuaçu tree [Theobroma grandiflorum (Wild ex Spreng Schum)] in Amazonas, Brazil]. Neotrop Entomol. 2007;36:102-6 pubmed
    ..3 +/- 2.25 days. The vertical distribution of damage was relatively uniform, with a tendency of greater defoliation in the middle of the treetop, but without significant difference among the three positions...
  41. Appidi J, Yakubu M, Grierson D, Afolayan A. Antidiarrheal activity of aqueous extract of Hermannia incana Cav. leaves in Wistar rats. Methods Find Exp Clin Pharmacol. 2010;32:27-30 pubmed publisher
    ..These results demonstrate the antidiarrheal properties of the extract, thereby supporting the folkloric use of the plant as an antidiarrheal agent in the Eastern Cape of South Africa...
  42. Huang Q, Huang R, Wei L, Chen Y, Lv S, Liang C, et al. Antiviral activity of methyl helicterate isolated from Helicteres angustifolia (Sterculiaceae) against hepatitis B virus. Antiviral Res. 2013;100:373-81 pubmed publisher
    ..These results indicate that MH efficiently inhibits HBV replication both in vitro and in vivo and that MH may be a major bioactive ingredient in H. angustifolia. ..
  43. Trevisan G, Maldaner G, Velloso N, Sant Anna G, Ilha V, Velho Gewehr C, et al. Antinociceptive effects of 14-membered cyclopeptide alkaloids. J Nat Prod. 2009;72:608-12 pubmed publisher
    ..It has been found that adouetine X (6) can decrease the activities of Ca(2+)-ATPase and Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase in vitro. Thus, the present findings have demonstrated that adouetine X (6) is a promising analgesic agent...
  44. Bhavsar S, Singh S, Giri S, Jain M, Santani D. Effect of saponins from Helicteres isora on lipid and glucose metabolism regulating genes expression. J Ethnopharmacol. 2009;124:426-33 pubmed publisher
    ..We characterized saponins as active constituents from traditionally used antidiabetic plant Helicteres isora...
  45. Kumar G, Banu S, Murugesan A. Influence of Helicteres isora administration for diabetes mellitus: the effect on changes in tissue fatty acid composition. Food Chem Toxicol. 2009;47:1826-30 pubmed publisher
    The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of aqueous bark extract of Helicteres isora (HI) (Sterculiaceae) on the blood glucose, plasma insulin and fatty acid composition of the total lipids in the liver, kidney and brain ..
  46. Regu K, Rajendran R, Ali M, Koya S, Dhariwal A, Lal S. Decline of brugian filariasis in Cherthala taluk, Alappuzha district, Kerala. J Commun Dis. 2005;37:209-18 pubmed
    ..uniformis and Culex quinquefasciatus were prevalent throughout. Complete disappearance of brugian filariasis from this taluk is a distinct possibility. The reasons for the drastic decline are discussed...
  47. Benie T, Thieulant M. Interaction of some traditional plant extracts with uterine oestrogen or progestin receptors. Phytother Res. 2003;17:756-60 pubmed
    ..work has demonstrated that stem bark extracts of Combretodendron macrocarpum (Barringtoniaceae), Cola nitida (Sterculiaceae), Afrormosia laxiflora and Pterocarpus erinaceus (Fabaceae) blocked the oestrus cycle of female rats through ..
  48. Ofomaja A, Unuabonah E, Oladoja N. Competitive modeling for the biosorptive removal of copper and lead ions from aqueous solution by Mansonia wood sawdust. Bioresour Technol. 2010;101:3844-52 pubmed publisher
    ..In a binary solution, removal of lead ions in the presence of copper ions followed the Langmuir isotherm model while the removal of copper ions in presence of lead ions followed both the Langmuir and BET isotherm models...
  49. Yang H, Protiva P, Cui B, Ma C, Baggett S, Hequet V, et al. New bioactive polyphenols from Theobroma grandiflorum ("cupuaçu"). J Nat Prod. 2003;66:1501-4 pubmed
    ..While 1 was less active as an antioxidant than 2, the known compounds were more potent in the DPPH assay (IC(50) range 39.7-89.7 microM)...
  50. Carnevale P, Toto J, Guibert P, Keita M, Manguin S. Entomological survey and report of a knockdown resistance mutation in the malaria vector Anopheles gambiae from the Republic of Guinea. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2010;104:484-9 pubmed publisher
    ..However, such a control programme will have to consider the presence of the kdr gene at a surprisingly high level within the dominant vector, which could reduce the expected impact of vector control...
  51. Zongo F, Ribuot C, Boumendjel A, Guissou I. Botany, traditional uses, phytochemistry and pharmacology of Waltheria indica L. (syn. Waltheria americana): a review. J Ethnopharmacol. 2013;148:14-26 pubmed publisher
    ..Additionally, studies providing an evidence for local and traditional uses of Waltheria indica are discussed. Further phytochemical and pharmacological potential of this species are suggested for future investigations...
  52. Kumar G, Murugesan A, Rajasekara Pandian M. Effect of Helicteres isora bark extract on blood glucose and hepatic enzymes in experimental diabetes. Pharmazie. 2006;61:353-5 pubmed
    ..Based on these findings, we suggest that Helicteres isora possesses hypoglycemic and hepatoprotective activity and is able to ameliorate biochemical damage in STZ induced diabetic rats...
  53. Isaias A, Velázquez Núñez M, Solares Arenas F, de la Paz Pérez Olvera C, Torre Blanco A. Secondary stem anatomy and uses of four drought-deciduous species of a tropical dry forest in México. Rev Biol Trop. 2005;53:29-48 pubmed
    ..There is no relationship between use and abundance. Alternative uses are proposed according to a density index...
  54. Almeida F, Santos J, Silveira F, Fernandes G. Distribution and frequency of galls induced by Anisodiplosis waltheriae Maia (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) on the invasive plant Waltheria indica L. (Sterculiaceae). Neotrop Entomol. 2006;35:435-9 pubmed
    ..Predation accounted for 22.9% of gall mortality, unknown factors killed 7.6%, microhymenopteran parasitoids killed 2.5% and fungi only 1%. Mortality factors were not influenced by leaf area or gall density...
  55. Gan L, Ren G, Mo J, Zhang X, Yao W, Zhou C. Cycloartane triterpenoids from Kleinhovia hospita. J Nat Prod. 2009;72:1102-5 pubmed publisher
    ..These compounds showed promising hepatoprotective effects on nitrofurantoin-induced cytotoxicity in human liver-derived Hep G2 cells...
  56. Hu X, Cheng D, Zhang Z. Antidiabetic activity of Helicteres angustifolia root. Pharm Biol. 2016;54:938-44 pubmed publisher
    Context The root of Helicteres angustifolia L. (Sterculiaceae) has been used as folk herbal drug to treat cancer, bacterial infections, inflammatory, and flu in China. However, there is no report on its antidiabetic activity...
  57. Ruangsittichai J, Apiwathnasorn C, Dujardin J. Interspecific and sexual shape variation in the filariasis vectors Mansonia dives and Ma. bonneae. Infect Genet Evol. 2011;11:2089-94 pubmed publisher
    ..It also was able to provide information relevant to the ecology of the two species...
  58. Kumar G, Banu G, Murugesan A, Pandian M. Hypoglycaemic effect of Helicteres isora bark extract in rats. J Ethnopharmacol. 2006;107:304-7 pubmed
    The hypoglycaemic effect of the aqueous extract of the bark of Helicteres isora L. (Sterculiaceae) was investigated in normal, glucose load conditions and streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats...
  59. Chen Z, Lee S, Chen C. Cucurbitacin B 2-sulfate and cucurbitacin glucosides from the root bark of Helicteres angustifolia. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 2006;54:1605-7 pubmed
    ..The structures of these compounds were established on the basis of spectroscopic and chemical evidence. These four compounds taste of strong bitterness. Compound 1 is a first sulfated cucurbitacin found in plants...
  60. Li S, Shi Y, Shang X, Cui B, Yuan Y, Chen X, et al. Triterpenoids from the roots of Pterospermum heterophyllum Hance. J Asian Nat Prod Res. 2009;11:652-7 pubmed publisher
    ..21, 0.55, 0.40, 0.59, and 0.34 microM, respectively. However, the other compounds were inactive (IC(50)>10 microM)...
  61. Velázquez C, Calzada F, Esquivel B, Barbosa E, Calzada S. Antisecretory activity from the flowers of Chiranthodendron pentadactylon and its flavonoids on intestinal fluid accumulation induced by Vibrio cholerae toxin in rats. J Ethnopharmacol. 2009;126:455-8 pubmed publisher
    The flowers of Chiranthodendron pentadactylon Larreat. (Sterculiaceae) has been traditionally used as folk medicine in Mexico for the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders such as diarrhea and dysentery.
  62. Benie T, Duval J, Thieulant M. Effects of some traditional plant extracts on rat oestrous cycle compared with Clomid. Phytother Res. 2003;17:748-55 pubmed
    ..In fact, A. laxiflora, P. erinaceus and C. nitida extracts inhibited gonadotropin release as an antiestrogen-like substance...
  63. Zhang Y, Peng C, Xu S, Zheng Y, Xie Q. [Optimization of extraction on flavonoids from leaves of Heritiera littoralis]. Zhong Yao Cai. 2012;35:638-41 pubmed
    ..To optimize the preparation procedure for extraction of flavonoids from leaves of Heritiera littoralis...
  64. Wei L, Chen J, Ye W, Zhou G. [Chemical constituents contained in roots of Pterospermum heterophyllum]. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2012;37:1981-4 pubmed
    ..To study chemical constituents of contained in roots of Pterospermum heterophyllum...
  65. Rao Y, Fang S, Tzeng Y. Inhibitory effects of the flavonoids isolated from Waltheria indica on the production of NO, TNF-alpha and IL-12 in activated macrophages. Biol Pharm Bull. 2005;28:912-5 pubmed
    ..The present study supports the use of W. indica for the treatment of inflammatory diseases in traditional medicine...
  66. Hoelzel S, Vieira E, Giacomelli S, Dalcol I, Zanatta N, Morel A. An unusual quinolinone alkaloid from Waltheria douradinha. Phytochemistry. 2005;66:1163-7 pubmed
    The chemical investigation of the methanolic extract of the root bark of Waltheria douradinha (Sterculiaceae) afforded an unusual quinolinone alkaloid named waltherione-A (1)...
  67. Miller R, Wing J, Cope S, Davey R, Kline D. Comparison of carbon dioxide- and octenol-baited encephalitis virus surveillance mosquito traps at the Shoal Water Bay Training area, Queensland, Australia. J Am Mosq Control Assoc. 2005;21:497-500 pubmed
    ..The most commonly captured (83%) mosquito species in the Shoalwater Bay Training Area during TT01 was the salt marsh breeder and Ross River virus vector, Oc. vigilax...
  68. Ofomaja A, Ho Y. Effect of temperatures and pH on methyl violet biosorption by Mansonia wood sawdust. Bioresour Technol. 2008;99:5411-7 pubmed
    ..In addition, various thermodynamic parameters, such as DeltaG degrees , DeltaH degrees , and DeltaS degrees were calculated. Results suggested that the biosorption was a spontaneous and endothermic process...
  69. Boopathy Raja A, Elanchezhiyan C, Sethupathy S. Antihyperlipidemic activity of Helicteres isora fruit extract on streptozotocin induced diabetic male Wistar rats. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2010;14:191-6 pubmed
    ..In this present study, the fruit extract of Helicteres isora was used to evaluate the antihyperlipidemic activity in streptozotocin induced diabetic rats...
  70. Matowo N, Moore J, Mapua S, Madumla E, Moshi I, Kaindoa E, et al. Using a new odour-baited device to explore options for luring and killing outdoor-biting malaria vectors: a report on design and field evaluation of the Mosquito Landing Box. Parasit Vectors. 2013;6:137 pubmed publisher
    ..The findings are used to explore technical options and challenges relevant to luring and killing outdoor-biting malaria vectors in endemic settings...
  71. Tewtrakul S, Tansakul P, Daengrot C, Ponglimanont C, Karalai C. Anti-inflammatory principles from Heritiera littoralis bark. Phytomedicine. 2010;17:851-5 pubmed publisher
    ..The mechanism in transcriptional level of ergosterol peroxide (13) was found to down regulate mRNA expressions of iNOS and COX-2 in dose-dependent manners...
  72. Kumar G, Banu S, Murugesan A. Influence of Helicteres isora administration for diabetes mellitus: Its effect on erythrocyte membrane and antioxidant status. Food Chem Toxicol. 2009;47:1803-9 pubmed publisher
    ..isora treated diabetic rats. The present study indicates that the H. isora possesses a significant favourable effect on erythrocyte membrane bound enzymes and antioxidants defense system in addition to its antidiabetic effect...
  73. Hu X, Cheng D, Li K, Wang L, Yang X, Sun S, et al. Glucose consumption and alpha-glucosidase inhibitory activities of aqueous root extract of Helicteres angustifolia. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2016;20:1423-9 pubmed
    The root of Helicteres angustifolia L. (Sterculiaceae) has been used as tea to treat diabetics effectively by local people in Laos. However, no scientific evidence is available for this ethnomedicinal usage...
  74. Tiew P, Ioset J, Kokpol U, Schenk K, Jaiboon N, Chaichit N, et al. Four new sesquiterpenoid derivatives from the heartwood of Mansonia gagei. J Nat Prod. 2002;65:1332-5 pubmed
    ..Their structures were resolved on the basis of spectrometric data interpretation and the single-crystal X-ray analysis of 1 and 2...
  75. Tiew P, Puntumchai A, Kokpol U, Chavasiri W. Coumarins from the heartwoods of Mansonia gagei Drumm. Phytochemistry. 2002;60:773-6 pubmed
    ..The cytotoxicity of the isolated compounds against brine shrimp Artemia salina Linn. was also evaluated...