solanum

Summary

Summary: A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE. Members contain SOLANACEOUS ALKALOIDS. Some species in this genus are called deadly nightshade which is also a common name for ATROPA BELLADONNA.

Top Publications

  1. Hovav R, Chehanovsky N, Moy M, Jetter R, Schaffer A. The identification of a gene (Cwp1), silenced during Solanum evolution, which causes cuticle microfissuring and dehydration when expressed in tomato fruit. Plant J. 2007;52:627-39 pubmed
    ..In this paper, we report on a novel genotype of tomato, developed via introgression from the wild species Solanum habrochaites, which is characterized by microfissuring of the fruit cuticle and dehydration of the mature fruit...
  2. Chalivendra S, Lopez Casado G, Kumar A, Kassenbrock A, ROYER S, Tovar Mendez A, et al. Developmental onset of reproductive barriers and associated proteome changes in stigma/styles of Solanum pennellii. J Exp Bot. 2013;64:265-79 pubmed publisher
    ..In the wild tomato species Solanum pennellii, both SI and self-compatible (SC) populations express UI when crossed with domesticated tomato, ..
  3. Bleeker P, Spyropoulou E, Diergaarde P, Volpin H, de Both M, Zerbe P, et al. RNA-seq discovery, functional characterization, and comparison of sesquiterpene synthases from Solanum lycopersicum and Solanum habrochaites trichomes. Plant Mol Biol. 2011;77:323-36 pubmed publisher
    b>Solanum lycopersicum and Solanum habrochaites (f. typicum) accession PI127826 emit a variety of sesquiterpenes...
  4. Xu J, Sun J, Du L, Liu X. Comparative transcriptome analysis of cadmium responses in Solanum nigrum and Solanum torvum. New Phytol. 2012;196:110-24 pubmed publisher
    b>Solanum nigrum is a cadmium (Cd) accumulator, whereas Solanum torvum is a low Cd-accumulating plant...
  5. Anosike C, Obidoa O, Ezeanyika L. The anti-inflammatory activity of garden egg (Solanum aethiopicum) on egg albumin-induced oedema and granuloma tissue formation in rats. Asian Pac J Trop Med. 2012;5:62-6 pubmed publisher
    To evaluate the possible anti-inflammatory effect of garden egg [Solanum aethiopicum (S. aethiopicum)] using experimentally induced inflammatory models in rats. Oedema was induced on the rat hind paw by the injection of 0...
  6. Nguelefack T, Feumebo C, Ateufack G, Watcho P, Tatsimo S, Atsamo A, et al. Anti-ulcerogenic properties of the aqueous and methanol extracts from the leaves of Solanum torvum Swartz (Solanaceae) in rats. J Ethnopharmacol. 2008;119:135-40 pubmed publisher
    b>Solanum torvum (Solanaceae) is a plant currently used in Cameroon ethnomedicine for the treatment of stomach ailments...
  7. Sharlach M, Dahlbeck D, Liu L, Chiu J, Jimenez Gomez J, Kimura S, et al. Fine genetic mapping of RXopJ4, a bacterial spot disease resistance locus from Solanum pennellii LA716. Theor Appl Genet. 2013;126:601-9 pubmed publisher
    The RXopJ4 resistance locus from the wild accession Solanum pennellii (Sp) LA716 confers resistance to bacterial spot disease of tomato (S. lycopersicum, Sl) caused by Xanthomonas perforans (Xp)...
  8. Nakazato T, Housworth E. Spatial genetics of wild tomato species reveals roles of the Andean geography on demographic history. Am J Bot. 2011;98:88-98 pubmed publisher
    ..We investigated spatial genetics of two closely related wild tomato species, Solanum lycopersicum and S...
  9. Chowdhury N, Ghosh A, Chandra G. Mosquito larvicidal activities of Solanum villosum berry extract against the dengue vector Stegomyia aegypti. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2008;8:10 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Solanum villosum is a common weed distributed in many parts of India with medicinal properties, but the larvicidal ..

More Information

Publications88

  1. Yang J, Wu C, Kuo C, Yeh C, Chueh F, Hsu C, et al. Solanum lyratum extract affected immune response in normal and leukemia murine animal in vivo. Hum Exp Toxicol. 2010;29:359-67 pubmed publisher
    b>Solanum lyratum Thunberg (Solanaceae) has been used as a folk medicine for treating liver, lung and esophagus in the Chinese population. Our previous studies have shown that the crude extract of S...
  2. Haggard J, Johnson E, St Clair D. Linkage relationships among multiple QTL for horticultural traits and late blight (P. infestans) resistance on chromosome 5 introgressed from wild tomato Solanum habrochaites. G3 (Bethesda). 2013;3:2131-46 pubmed publisher
    ..Previously, a QTL for resistance to Phytophthora infestans on chromosome 5 of Solanum habrochaites was mapped and introgressed into cultivated tomato (S. lycopersicum)...
  3. Kimura S, Koenig D, Kang J, Yoong F, Sinha N. Natural variation in leaf morphology results from mutation of a novel KNOX gene. Curr Biol. 2008;18:672-7 pubmed publisher
    ..This subtle change in interaction between transcription factors leaves essential KNOX1 function in the shoot apical meristem intact and appears to be a facile way to alter leaf morphology during evolution...
  4. Moyle L, Nakazato T. Complex epistasis for Dobzhansky-Muller hybrid incompatibility in solanum. Genetics. 2009;181:347-51 pubmed publisher
    We examined the prevalence of interactions between pairs of short chromosomal regions from one species (Solanum habrochaites) co-introgressed into a heterospecific genetic background (Solanum lycopersicum)...
  5. Kariyat R, Scanlon S, Mescher M, De Moraes C, Stephenson A. Inbreeding depression in Solanum carolinense (Solanaceae) under field conditions and implications for mating system evolution. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e28459 pubmed publisher
    The clonal weed Solanum carolinense exhibits plasticity in the strength of its self-incompatibility (SI) system and suffers low levels of inbreeding depression (?) in the greenhouse...
  6. Mena Ali J, Keser L, Stephenson A. The effect of sheltered load on reproduction in Solanum carolinense, a species with variable self-incompatibility. Sex Plant Reprod. 2009;22:63-71 pubmed publisher
    In previous studies, we have investigated the strength of self-incompatibility (SI) in Solanum carolinense, a highly successful weed with a fully functional SI system that inhabits early successional and other disturbed habitats...
  7. Golas T, Sikkema A, Gros J, Feron R, van den Berg R, van der Weerden G, et al. Identification of a resistance gene Rpi-dlc1 to Phytophthora infestans in European accessions of Solanum dulcamara. Theor Appl Genet. 2010;120:797-808 pubmed publisher
    Initial screening of 14 Solanum dulcamara accessions enabled the identification of individuals resistant and susceptible to Phytophthora infestans...
  8. Sliwka J, Jakuczun H, Chmielarz M, Hara Skrzypiec A, Tomczyńska I, Kilian A, et al. Late blight resistance gene from Solanum ruiz-ceballosii is located on potato chromosome X and linked to violet flower colour. BMC Genet. 2012;13:11 pubmed publisher
    ..A major resistance gene, Rpi-rzc1, against P. infestans originating from Solanum ruiz-ceballosii was mapped to potato chromosome X using Diversity Array Technology (DArT) and sequence-specific ..
  9. Slocombe S, Schauvinhold I, McQuinn R, Besser K, Welsby N, Harper A, et al. Transcriptomic and reverse genetic analyses of branched-chain fatty acid and acyl sugar production in Solanum pennellii and Nicotiana benthamiana. Plant Physiol. 2008;148:1830-46 pubmed publisher
    ..proposed: (1) fatty acid synthase-mediated two-carbon elongation in the high acyl sugar-producing tomato species Solanum pennellii and Datura metel; and (2) alpha-keto acid elongation-mediated one-carbon increments in several tobacco (..
  10. Wang M, Allefs S, van den Berg R, Vleeshouwers V, van der Vossen E, Vosman B. Allele mining in Solanum: conserved homologues of Rpi-blb1 are identified in Solanum stoloniferum. Theor Appl Genet. 2008;116:933-43 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we focus on two R genes, Rpi-blb1 and Rpi-blb2, originally derived from Solanum bulbocastanum. The Rpi-blb1 gene is part of a cluster of four paralogues and is flanked by RGA1-blb and RGA3-blb...
  11. D Agostino N, Golas T, van de Geest H, Bombarely A, Dawood T, Zethof J, et al. Genomic analysis of the native European Solanum species, S. dulcamara. BMC Genomics. 2013;14:356 pubmed publisher
    b>Solanum dulcamara (bittersweet, climbing nightshade) is one of the few species of the Solanaceae family native to Europe...
  12. Vallejo Marin M, Manson J, Thomson J, Barrett S. Division of labour within flowers: heteranthery, a floral strategy to reconcile contrasting pollen fates. J Evol Biol. 2009;22:828-39 pubmed publisher
    ..We used experimental studies of Solanum rostratum (Solanaceae) and theoretical models to investigate this 'division of labour' hypothesis...
  13. Le Roux V, Dugravot S, Campan E, Dubois F, Vincent C, Giordanengo P. Wild Solanum resistance to aphids: antixenosis or antibiosis?. J Econ Entomol. 2008;101:584-91 pubmed
    ..persicae (Sulzer) and Macrosiphum euphorbiae (Thomas) was characterized for the wild tuber-bearing potatoes, Solanum chomatophilum Bitter and Solanum stoloniferum Schltdl...
  14. Kariyat R, Mauck K, Balogh C, Stephenson A, Mescher M, De Moraes C. Inbreeding in horsenettle (Solanum carolinense) alters night-time volatile emissions that guide oviposition by Manduca sexta moths. Proc Biol Sci. 2013;280:20130020 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we explore how inbred and outbred plants from three maternal families of the native weed horsenettle (Solanum carolinense) vary in the emission of volatile organic compounds during the dark phase of the photoperiod, and the ..
  15. Shanker K, Gupta S, Srivastava P, Srivastava S, Singh S, Gupta M. Simultaneous determination of three steroidal glycoalkaloids in Solanum xanthocarpum by high performance thin layer chromatography. J Pharm Biomed Anal. 2011;54:497-502 pubmed publisher
    ..steroidal glycoalkaloid (SGA) markers, solasonine (SN), solamargine (SM) and khasianine (KN) in the plant Solanum xanthocarpum...
  16. Moury B, Caromel B, Johansen E, Simon V, Chauvin L, Jacquot E, et al. The helper component proteinase cistron of Potato virus Y induces hypersensitivity and resistance in Potato genotypes carrying dominant resistance genes on chromosome IV. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2011;24:787-97 pubmed publisher
    The Nc(tbr) and Ny(tbr) genes in Solanum tuberosum determine hypersensitive reactions, characterized by necrotic reactions and restriction of the virus systemic movement, toward isolates belonging to clade C and clade O of Potato virus Y ..
  17. Foster S, Park T, Pel M, Brigneti G, Sliwka J, Jagger L, et al. Rpi-vnt1.1, a Tm-2(2) homolog from Solanum venturii, confers resistance to potato late blight. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2009;22:589-600 pubmed publisher
    ..1, a previously uncharacterized late-blight resistance gene from Solanum venturii...
  18. Miranda M, Magalhães L, Tiossi R, Kuehn C, Oliveira L, Rodrigues V, et al. Evaluation of the schistosomicidal activity of the steroidal alkaloids from Solanum lycocarpum fruits. Parasitol Res. 2012;111:257-62 pubmed publisher
    b>Solanum lycocarpum (Solanaceae), a Brazilian medicinal plant known as "wolf fruit," contains about 1.5% of glycoalkaloids in its dried fruits, consisting mainly of solamargine and solasonine...
  19. Zhang X, Xia H, Li Z, Zhuang P, Gao B. Identification of a new potential Cd-hyperaccumulator Solanum photeinocarpum by soil seed bank-metal concentration gradient method. J Hazard Mater. 2011;189:414-9 pubmed publisher
    ..soil seed bank-metal concentration gradient method was used to screen for heavy metal hyperaccumulators, and Solanum photeinocarpum was found to be a potential Cd-hyperaccumulator...
  20. Yang L, Feng F, Gao Y. [Chemical constituents from herb of Solanum lyratum]. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2009;34:1805-8 pubmed
    To study the chemical constituents of Solanum lyratum, And to explore the anti-tumor effect of some steroidal compounds from it.
  21. Schmidt A, Li C, Shi F, Jones A, Pichersky E. Polymethylated myricetin in trichomes of the wild tomato species Solanum habrochaites and characterization of trichome-specific 3'/5'- and 7/4'-myricetin O-methyltransferases. Plant Physiol. 2011;155:1999-2009 pubmed publisher
    ..trichomes (designated types 1 and 4) and storage glandular trichomes (type 6) on the leaf surface of wild tomato (Solanum habrochaites accession LA1777) plants contain 3,7,3'-trimethyl myricetin, 3,7,3',5'-tetramethyl myricetin, and 3,..
  22. McDowell E, Kapteyn J, Schmidt A, Li C, Kang J, Descour A, et al. Comparative functional genomic analysis of Solanum glandular trichome types. Plant Physiol. 2011;155:524-39 pubmed publisher
    ..to characterize the differences between different glandular trichome types in several domesticated and wild Solanum species: Solanum lycopersicum (glandular trichome types 1, 6, and 7), Solanum habrochaites (types 1, 4, and 6), ..
  23. Keawsa ard S, Liawruangrath B, Liawruangrath S, Teerawutgulrag A, Pyne S. Chemical constituents and antioxidant and biological activities of the essential oil from leaves of Solanum spirale. Nat Prod Commun. 2012;7:955-8 pubmed
    ..5 microg/mL, respectively. It also showed significant cytotoxicity against KB (oral cancer), MCF-7 (breast cancer) and NCI-H187 (small cell lung cancer) with the IC50 values of 26.42, 19.69, and 24.02 microg/mL, respectively...
  24. Wang Z, Ding L, Ge Z, Wang Z, Wang F, Li N, et al. Purification and characterization of native and recombinant SaPIN2a, a plant sieve element-localized proteinase inhibitor. Plant Physiol Biochem. 2007;45:757-66 pubmed
    SaPIN2a encodes a proteinase inhibitor in nightshade (Solanum americanum), which is specifically localized to the enucleate sieve elements...
  25. Bagalwa J, Voutquenne Nazabadioko L, Sayagh C, Bashwira A. Evaluation of the biological activity of the molluscicidal fraction of Solanum sisymbriifolium against non target organisms. Fitoterapia. 2010;81:767-71 pubmed publisher
    The evaluation of the biocidal activity of the fruit of Solanum sisymbriifolium involving non target organisms such as aquatic insects, fish and snails lead to the isolation of the steroidal alkaloids, solamargine and ?-solamarine, from ..
  26. Khillar R, Acharya S, Mohapatra P. Development of tolerance of egg plant (Solanum melangena L.) to field application of dimethoate. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol. 2010;85:67-71 pubmed publisher
    ..419 mg g(-1) fr wt), caused inhibition of photosynthesis, transpiration and stomatal conductance of Solanum melangena L. on first treatment but subsequent treatments caused adaptation and recovery of these parameters...
  27. N dri D, Calani L, Mazzeo T, Scazzina F, Rinaldi M, Rio D, et al. Effects of different maturity stages on antioxidant content of Ivorian Gnagnan (Solanum indicum L.) berries. Molecules. 2010;15:7125-38 pubmed publisher
    Gnagnan (Solanum indicum L.) is a spontaneous plant widely distributed in Ivory Coast. During ripening stages, Solanum indicum L...
  28. Ziaf K, Loukehaich R, Gong P, Liu H, Han Q, Wang T, et al. A multiple stress-responsive gene ERD15 from Solanum pennellii confers stress tolerance in tobacco. Plant Cell Physiol. 2011;52:1055-67 pubmed publisher
    ..An early responsive-to-dehydration gene was cloned from a drought- and salt-tolerant wild tomato Solanum pennellii (SpERD15)...
  29. Golas T, van de Geest H, Gros J, Sikkema A, D Agostino N, Nap J, et al. Comparative next-generation mapping of the Phytophthora infestans resistance gene Rpi-dlc2 in a European accession of Solanum dulcamara. Theor Appl Genet. 2013;126:59-68 pubmed publisher
    ..Screening of 19 accessions of Solanum dulcamara with P...
  30. Firdaus S, van Heusden A, Hidayati N, Supena E, Mumm R, De Vos R, et al. Identification and QTL mapping of whitefly resistance components in Solanum galapagense. Theor Appl Genet. 2013;126:1487-501 pubmed publisher
    b>Solanum galapagense is closely related to the cultivated tomato and can show a very good resistance towards whitefly. A segregating population resulting from a cross between the cultivated tomato and a whitefly resistant S...
  31. Albrecht E, Chetelat R. Comparative genetic linkage map of Solanum sect. Juglandifolia: evidence of chromosomal rearrangements and overall synteny with the tomatoes and related nightshades. Theor Appl Genet. 2009;118:831-47 pubmed publisher
    The two nightshades Solanum ochranthum and S. juglandifolium show genetic and morphological similarities to the tomatoes (Solanum sect. Lycopersicon), but are isolated from them by strong reproductive barriers...
  32. Ashrafi H, Kinkade M, Foolad M. A new genetic linkage map of tomato based on a Solanum lycopersicum x S. pimpinellifolium RIL population displaying locations of candidate pathogen response genes. Genome. 2009;52:935-56 pubmed publisher
    The narrow genetic base of the cultivated tomato, Solanum lycopersicum L., necessitates introgression of new variation from related species. Wild tomato species represent a rich source of useful genes and traits...
  33. Kumar P, Sharma B, Bakshi N. Biological activity of alkaloids from Solanum dulcamara L. Nat Prod Res. 2009;23:719-23 pubmed publisher
    ..In the present study, those plant parts of Solanum dulcamara were selected which have been reported to produce a high content of a specific alkaloid: solanine (from ..
  34. Besser K, Harper A, Welsby N, Schauvinhold I, Slocombe S, Li Y, et al. Divergent regulation of terpenoid metabolism in the trichomes of wild and cultivated tomato species. Plant Physiol. 2009;149:499-514 pubmed publisher
    ..biochemical and molecular mechanisms that underlie the divergence in trichome metabolism between the wild species Solanum habrochaites LA1777 and its cultivated relative, Solanum lycopersicum...
  35. Lorenc Kukuła K, Zuk M, Kulma A, Czemplik M, Kostyn K, Skala J, et al. Engineering Flax with the GT Family 1 Solanum sogarandinum Glycosyltransferase SsGT1 Confers Increased Resistance to Fusarium Infection. J Agric Food Chem. 2009;57:6698-705 pubmed publisher
    ..The approach was based on the recent analysis of the Solanum sogarandinum -derived glycosyltransferase (UGT) protein, designated SsGT1 (previously called 5UGT)...
  36. Kuo W, Huang C, Chung J, Yang S, Tsai K, Chiu T, et al. Crude extracts of Solanum lyratum protect endothelial cells against oxidized low-density lipoprotein-induced injury by direct antioxidant action. J Vasc Surg. 2009;50:849-60 pubmed publisher
    ..The whole plant of Solanum lyratum is a traditional Chinese medicine that has been used for centuries to treat cancer, tumors, and herpes...
  37. Ramazani A, Zakeri S, Sardari S, Khodakarim N, Djadidt N. In vitro and in vivo anti-malarial activity of Boerhavia elegans and Solanum surattense. Malar J. 2010;9:124 pubmed publisher
    ..In the present study, the aim was to discover novel, effective plant-based extracts for the activity against malaria...
  38. Chou S, Huang T, Lin E, Huang C, Chou C. Antihepatitis B virus constituents of Solanum erianthum. Nat Prod Commun. 2012;7:153-6 pubmed
    Eleven compounds were isolated from the methanolic extract of the leaves of Solanum erianthum D...
  39. Bai M, Yang G, Chen W, Mao Z, Kang H, Chen G, et al. Genome-wide identification of Dicer-like, Argonaute and RNA-dependent RNA polymerase gene families and their expression analyses in response to viral infection and abiotic stresses in Solanum lycopersicum. Gene. 2012;501:52-62 pubmed publisher
    ..Although tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) is a dicotyledon model plant, no systematic analysis and expression profiling of these genes in ..
  40. Liu H, Pemberton R. Solitary invasive orchid bee outperforms co-occurring native bees to promote fruit set of an invasive Solanum. Oecologia. 2009;159:515-25 pubmed publisher
    ..bee, Euglossa viridissima, in southern Florida to study the effects of this solitary bee on reproduction of Solanum torvum, an invasive shrub. Flowers of S. torvum require specialized buzz pollination...
  41. Manetti M, Rossi M, Nakabashi M, Grandbastien M, Van Sluys M. The Tnt1 family member Retrosol copy number and structure disclose retrotransposon diversification in different Solanum species. Mol Genet Genomics. 2009;281:261-71 pubmed publisher
    ..Recovery of a full length genomic copy of Retrosol was performed through a PCR-based approach from wild potato, Solanum oplocense...
  42. Bagnaresi P, Sala T, Irdani T, Scotto C, Lamontanara A, Beretta M, et al. Solanum torvum responses to the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita. BMC Genomics. 2013;14:540 pubmed publisher
    b>Solanum torvum Sw is worldwide employed as rootstock for eggplant cultivation because of its vigour and resistance/tolerance to the most serious soil-borne diseases as bacterial, fungal wilts and root-knot nematodes...
  43. Ali Z, Xu Z, Zhang D, He X, Bahadur S, Yi J. Molecular diversity analysis of eggplant (Solanum melongena) genetic resources. Genet Mol Res. 2011;10:1141-55 pubmed publisher
    Eggplant (Solanum melongena), a vegetable that is cultivated worldwide, is of considerable importance to agriculture in China...
  44. Atares A, Moyano E, Morales B, Schleicher P, García Abellán J, Antón T, et al. An insertional mutagenesis programme with an enhancer trap for the identification and tagging of genes involved in abiotic stress tolerance in the tomato wild-related species Solanum pennellii. Plant Cell Rep. 2011;30:1865-79 pubmed publisher
    ..we are performing an insertional mutagenesis programme with an enhancer trap in the tomato wild-related species Solanum pennellii...
  45. Pel M, Foster S, Park T, Rietman H, van Arkel G, Jones J, et al. Mapping and cloning of late blight resistance genes from Solanum venturii using an interspecific candidate gene approach. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2009;22:601-15 pubmed publisher
    ..Resistance (R) genes from the wild species Solanum demissum have been used by breeders to generate late-blight-resistant cultivars but resistance was soon overcome ..
  46. Estañ M, Villalta I, Bolarín M, Carbonell E, Asins M. Identification of fruit yield loci controlling the salt tolerance conferred by solanum rootstocks. Theor Appl Genet. 2009;118:305-12 pubmed publisher
    ..under salinity using as rootstock two populations of F(9) lines developed from a salt sensitive genotype of Solanum lycopersicum var. cerasiforme, as female parent, and two salt tolerant lines, as male parents, from S...
  47. Verdes J, Moraña J, Battes D, Gutierrez F, Guerrero F, Goicoa A, et al. Calbindin D28k expression and the absence of apoptosis in the cerebellum of Solanum bonariense L-intoxicated bovines. Vet Pathol. 2010;47:569-72 pubmed publisher
    b>Solanum bonariense intoxication is characterized by cerebellar neuronal vacuolation, degeneration, and necrosis...
  48. Venkatesan P, Rajendran P, Ekambaram G, Sakthisekaran D. Combination therapeutic effect of cisplatin along with Solanum trilobatum on benzo(a)pyrene induced experimental lung carcinogenesis. Nat Prod Res. 2008;22:1094-106 pubmed publisher
    ..p.) once weekly for 4 weeks; group IV cancer-bearing animals were treated with cisplatin along with Solanum trilobatum (300 mg kg(-1) bodyweight) orally once weekly for 4 weeks; and group V animals constituted the drug ..
  49. Nzaramba M, Reddivari L, Bamberg J, Miller J. Antiproliferative activity and cytotoxicity of Solanum jamesii tuber extracts on human colon and prostate cancer cells in vitro. J Agric Food Chem. 2009;57:8308-15 pubmed publisher
    ..objective of this study was to investigate antiproliferative activity and cytotoxicity of tuber extracts from 15 Solanum jamesii accessions on human HT-29 colon and LNCaP prostate cancer cell lines in vitro...
  50. Kuo C, Chao C, Lu M. Effects of auxins on the production of steroidal alkaloids in rapidly proliferating tissue and cell cultures of Solanum lyratum. Phytochem Anal. 2012;23:400-4 pubmed publisher
    b>Solanum lyratum, a rare species, is used to treat cancer, tumours and warts. Plant cell and tissue culture of S. lyratum, producing steroidal alkaloids, could be useful supplements to natural sources.
  51. Szinay D, Wijnker E, van den Berg R, Visser R, de Jong H, Bai Y. Chromosome evolution in Solanum traced by cross-species BAC-FISH. New Phytol. 2012;195:688-98 pubmed publisher
    ..This research aims to use such rearrangements to study chromosome evolution in Solanum. Chromosomal rearrangements between Solanum crops and several related wild species were investigated using tomato ..
  52. Monteiro F, Silva A, Martins I, Correia A, Basílio I, Agra M, et al. Vasorelaxant action of the total alkaloid fraction obtained from Solanum paludosum Moric. (Solanaceae) involves NO/cGMP/PKG pathway and potassium channels. J Ethnopharmacol. 2012;141:895-900 pubmed publisher
    b>Solanum paludosum Moric. (jurubeba-roxa) is commonly used to treat hypertension as a substitute for Solanum paniculatum L. (jurubeba verdadeira)...
  53. Lokossou A, Rietman H, Wang M, Krenek P, van der Schoot H, Henken B, et al. Diversity, distribution, and evolution of Solanum bulbocastanum late blight resistance genes. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2010;23:1206-16 pubmed publisher
    ..and allelic diversity of the late blight resistance genes Rpi-blb1, Rpi-blb2, and Rpi-blb3, originating from Solanum bulbocastanum, in a set of tuber-bearing Solanum species comprising 196 different taxa...
  54. Rauscher G, Simko I, Mayton H, Bonierbale M, Smart C, Grunwald N, et al. Quantitative resistance to late blight from Solanum berthaultii cosegregates with R(Pi-ber): insights in stability through isolates and environment. Theor Appl Genet. 2010;121:1553-67 pubmed publisher
    ..of different isolates of Phytophthora infestans on the mode of action of R(Pi-ber), an R-gene originating from Solanum berthaultii...
  55. Lanfermeijer F, Staal M, Malinowski R, Stratmann J, Elzenga J. Micro-electrode flux estimation confirms that the Solanum pimpinellifolium cu3 mutant still responds to systemin. Plant Physiol. 2008;146:129-39 pubmed
    ..changes in ion fluxes from leaf tissue of various plant species, including wild-type and cu3 mutant tomato (Solanum pimpinellifolium) plants, and confirm previous observations, but now in intact leaf tissue...
  56. Nakazato T, Franklin R, Kirk B, Housworth E. Population structure, demographic history, and evolutionary patterns of a green-fruited tomato, Solanum peruvianum (Solanaceae), revealed by spatial genetics analyses. Am J Bot. 2012;99:1207-16 pubmed publisher
    ..This study investigated the population structure, demographic history, and evolutionary patterns of a green-fruited relative of the cultivated tomato, Solanum peruvianum.
  57. Steinhauser M, Steinhauser D, Gibon Y, Bolger M, Arrivault S, Usadel B, et al. Identification of enzyme activity quantitative trait loci in a Solanum lycopersicum x Solanum pennellii introgression line population. Plant Physiol. 2011;157:998-1014 pubmed publisher
    ..with an introgression line (IL) population generated by introgressing segments of the genome of the wild relative Solanum pennellii (LA0716) into the modern tomato cultivar Solanum lycopersicum M82...
  58. Liu B, Morse D, Cappadocia M. Glycosylation of S-RNases may influence pollen rejection thresholds in Solanum chacoense. J Exp Bot. 2008;59:545-52 pubmed publisher
    A survey of Solanum chacoense plants expressing an authentic S(11)-RNase transgene identified a line with partial compatibility to S(11) pollen...
  59. Sudha G, Priya M, Shree R, Vadivukkarasi S. Antioxidant activity of ripe and unripe pepino fruit (Solanum muricatum Aiton). J Food Sci. 2012;77:C1131-5 pubmed publisher
    ..This study suggests that possible mechanism of the biological activities may be due to free radical scavenging and antioxidant characteristics, which may be due to the presence of polyphenols in the fruit extracts...
  60. Sun Y, Liang Y, Wu J, Li Y, Cui X, Qin L. Dynamic QTL analysis for fruit lycopene content and total soluble solid content in a Solanum lycopersicum x S. pimpinellifolium cross. Genet Mol Res. 2012;11:3696-710 pubmed publisher
    ..traits in different periods in F(2:3) families derived from a cross between the domestic and wild tomato species Solanum lycopersicum and S. pimpinellifolium...
  61. Lee C, Hwang T, He W, Tsai Y, Yen C, Yen H, et al. Anti-neutrophilic inflammatory steroidal glycosides from Solanum torvum. Phytochemistry. 2013;95:315-21 pubmed publisher
    ..Q, a 23-keto-spirostanol glycoside, along with twelve known steroidal saponins were isolated from aerial parts of Solanum torvum...
  62. Frary A, Göl D, Keleş D, Okmen B, Pinar H, Siğva H, et al. Salt tolerance in Solanum pennellii: antioxidant response and related QTL. BMC Plant Biol. 2010;10:58 pubmed publisher
    ..Salt tolerance of the related wild species, Solanum pennellii, has also been associated with similar changes in antioxidants. In this work, S. lycopersicum M82, S...
  63. Kumar S, Sharma U, Sharma A, Pandey A. Protective efficacy of Solanum xanthocarpum root extracts against free radical damage: phytochemical analysis and antioxidant effect. Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand). 2012;58:174-81 pubmed
    ..Present study reports the phytochemical analysis as well as free radical scavenging and antioxidant activities of Solanum xanthocarpum root extracts...
  64. Vallejo Marin M, Solís Montero L, Bacles C, Lepais O. Thirteen microsatellites developed by SSR-enriched pyrosequencing for Solanum rostratum (Solanaceae) and related species. Am J Bot. 2011;98:e296-9 pubmed publisher
    Microsatellite markers were developed using second-generation sequencing in Solanum rostratum as a tool to study the reproductive biology and genetic structure of this invasive species.
  65. Nakamura S, Hongo M, Sugimoto S, Matsuda H, Yoshikawa M. Steroidal saponins and pseudoalkaloid oligoglycoside from Brazilian natural medicine, "fruta do lobo" (fruit of Solanum lycocarpum). Phytochemistry. 2008;69:1565-72 pubmed publisher
    ..lobofrutoside, were isolated from a Brazilian natural medicine, "fruta do lobo" (the fruit of Solanum lycocarpum St. Hil.)...
  66. Liu B, Morse D, Cappadocia M. Compatible pollinations in Solanum chacoense decrease both S-RNase and S-RNase mRNA. PLoS ONE. 2009;4:e5774 pubmed publisher
    ..GSI in Solanum chacoense requires a stylar S-RNase, first secreted from cells of the transmitting tract then imported into ..
  67. Jacobs M, Smulders M, van den Berg R, Vosman B. What's in a name; genetic structure in Solanum section Petota studied using population-genetic tools. BMC Evol Biol. 2011;11:42 pubmed publisher
    The taxonomy and systematic relationships among species of Solanum section Petota are complicated and the section seems overclassified...
  68. Tan M, Hutten R, Celis C, Park T, Niks R, Visser R, et al. The R(Pi-mcd1) locus from Solanum microdontum involved in resistance to Phytophthora infestans, causing a delay in infection, maps on potato chromosome 4 in a cluster of NBS-LRR genes. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2008;21:909-18 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, a locus involved in late blight resistance, derived from Solanum microdontum, provides additional evidence for this lack of distinction...
  69. Bhutani K, Paul A, Fayad W, Linder S. Apoptosis inducing activity of steroidal constituents from Solanum xanthocarpum and Asparagus racemosus. Phytomedicine. 2010;17:789-93 pubmed publisher
    A series of Sarsapogenin and Diosgenin derived steroidal constituents (1-12), isolated from Solanum xanthocarpum and Asparagus racemosus were screened for their ability to induce cell death and apoptosis of colon carcinoma cells...
  70. Do P, Prudent M, Sulpice R, Causse M, Fernie A. The influence of fruit load on the tomato pericarp metabolome in a Solanum chmielewskii introgression line population. Plant Physiol. 2010;154:1128-42 pubmed publisher
    ..recently demonstrated, utilizing interspecific introgression lines of tomato, generated from the cross between Solanum lycopersicum and the wild species Solanum pennellii, that the efficiency of photosynthate partitioning exerts a ..
  71. Aribaud M, Jégo S, Wicker E, Fock I. Ralstonia solanacearum induces soluble amine-oxidase activity in Solanum torvum stem calli. Plant Physiol Biochem. 2010;48:787-96 pubmed publisher
    b>Solanum torvum is reported to carry resistance to bacterial wilt caused by Ralstonia solanacearum. So, this wild species is used as rootskock for eggplants or tomatoes in naturally infected soil...
  72. Li W, Chetelat R. A pollen factor linking inter- and intraspecific pollen rejection in tomato. Science. 2010;330:1827-30 pubmed publisher
    ..We observed that in Solanum, a pollen-expressed Cullin1 gene with high similarity to Petunia SI factors interacts genetically with a gene at ..
  73. Rodrigues E, Mariutti L, Mercadante A. Carotenoids and phenolic compounds from Solanum sessiliflorum, an unexploited Amazonian fruit, and their scavenging capacities against reactive oxygen and nitrogen species. J Agric Food Chem. 2013;61:3022-9 pubmed publisher
    The composition of carotenoids and phenolic compounds from mana-cubiu (Solanum sessiliflorum), a fruit native to Amazonia, was determined by high-performance liquid chromatography coupled to diode array and mass spectrometry detectors (..
  74. Carvallo M, Pino M, Jeknic Z, Zou C, Doherty C, Shiu S, et al. A comparison of the low temperature transcriptomes and CBF regulons of three plant species that differ in freezing tolerance: Solanum commersonii, Solanum tuberosum, and Arabidopsis thaliana. J Exp Bot. 2011;62:3807-19 pubmed publisher
    b>Solanum commersonii and Solanum tuberosum are closely related plant species that differ in their abilities to cold acclimate; whereas S. commersonii increases in freezing tolerance in response to low temperature, S. tuberosum does not...
  75. Tavares D, Munari C, Araújo M, Beltrame M, Furtado M, Gonçalves C, et al. Antimutagenic potential of Solanum lycocarpum against induction of chromosomal aberrations in V79 cells and micronuclei in mice by doxorubicin. Planta Med. 2011;77:1489-94 pubmed publisher
    b>Solanum lycocarpum A. St. Hil. (Solanaceae) is a hairy shrub or small much-branched tree of the Brazilian Cerrado. S...
  76. Aboyade O, Yakubu M, Grierson D, Afolayan A. Studies on the toxicological effect of the aqueous extract of the fresh, dried and boiled berries of Solanum aculeastrum Dunal in male Wistar rats. Hum Exp Toxicol. 2009;28:765-75 pubmed publisher
    The toxicological effect of the aqueous extract of fresh, dried and boiled berries of Solanum aculeastrum Dunal at 1, 10 and 25 mg/kg body weight was investigated in male Wistar rats for 28 days...
  77. Sallaud C, Rontein D, Onillon S, Jabès F, Duffe P, Giacalone C, et al. A novel pathway for sesquiterpene biosynthesis from Z,Z-farnesyl pyrophosphate in the wild tomato Solanum habrochaites. Plant Cell. 2009;21:301-17 pubmed publisher
    In the wild tomato Solanum habrochaites, the Sst2 locus on chromosome 8 is responsible for the biosynthesis of several class II sesquiterpene olefins by glandular trichomes. Analysis of a trichome-specific EST collection from S...
  78. Clé C, Hill L, Niggeweg R, Martin C, Guisez Y, Prinsen E, et al. Modulation of chlorogenic acid biosynthesis in Solanum lycopersicum; consequences for phenolic accumulation and UV-tolerance. Phytochemistry. 2008;69:2149-56 pubmed publisher
    Chlorogenic acid (CGA) is one of the most abundant phenolic compounds in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum). Hydroxycinnamoyl CoA quinate transferase (HQT) is the key enzyme catalysing CGA biosynthesis in tomato...
  79. AbouZid S, Fawzy N, Darweesh N, Orihara Y. Steroidal glycoalkaloids from the berries of Solanum distichum. Nat Prod Res. 2008;22:147-53 pubmed
    ..2) commonly known as alpha-chanonine and beta 2-chanonine, were isolated from the berries of Solanum distichum. The structures of the isolated compounds were studied by 1D and 2D NMR techniques and FAB MS analysis...