petunia

Summary

Summary: A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE. Members contain steroidal glycosides.

Top Publications

  1. Bednarska E, Lenartowska M, Niekraś L. Localization of pectins and Ca2+ ions in unpollinated and pollinated wet (Petunia hybrida Hort.) and dry (Haemanthus albiflos L.) stigma. Folia Histochem Cytobiol. 2005;43:249-59 pubmed
    ..localization of Ca2+ ions as well as esterified and deesterified pectins in unpollinated and pollinated wet (Petunia hybrida) and dry (Haemanthus albiflos) stigma was analyzed...
  2. Verdonk J, Ric de Vos C, Verhoeven H, Haring M, van Tunen A, Schuurink R. Regulation of floral scent production in petunia revealed by targeted metabolomics. Phytochemistry. 2003;62:997-1008 pubmed
    b>Petunia hybrida line W115 (Mitchell) has large white flowers that produce a pleasant fragrance...
  3. Noreen F, Akbergenov R, Hohn T, Richert Pöggeler K. Distinct expression of endogenous Petunia vein clearing virus and the DNA transposon dTph1 in two Petunia hybrida lines is correlated with differences in histone modification and siRNA production. Plant J. 2007;50:219-29 pubmed
    ..controlled, and under what conditions can they be activated? Here we study the proviral state of endogenous petunia vein clearing virus (ePVCV)...
  4. Himeno M, Neriya Y, Minato N, Miura C, Sugawara K, Ishii Y, et al. Unique morphological changes in plant pathogenic phytoplasma-infected petunia flowers are related to transcriptional regulation of floral homeotic genes in an organ-specific manner. Plant J. 2011;67:971-9 pubmed publisher
    ..asteris, onion yellows phytoplasma strain, line OY-W) affects the expression of the floral homeotic genes of petunia plants in an organ-specific manner...
  5. Wang Y, Tsukamoto T, Yi K, Wang X, Huang S, McCubbin A, et al. Chromosome walking in the Petunia inflata self-incompatibility (S-) locus and gene identification in an 881-kb contig containing S2-RNase. Plant Mol Biol. 2004;54:727-42 pubmed
    ..Here, we set out to construct an integrated genetic and physical map of the S locus of Petunia inflata and identify any additional genes located at this locus...
  6. Godge M, Kumar D, Kumar P. Arabidopsis HOG1 gene and its petunia homolog PETCBP act as key regulators of yield parameters. Plant Cell Rep. 2008;27:1497-507 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we report a full-length cDNA coding for a cytokinin binding protein, Petunia cytokinin binding protein (PETCBP) from Petunia hybrida cv. Mitchell...
  7. Guterman I, Masci T, Chen X, Negre F, Pichersky E, Dudareva N, et al. Generation of phenylpropanoid pathway-derived volatiles in transgenic plants: rose alcohol acetyltransferase produces phenylethyl acetate and benzyl acetate in petunia flowers. Plant Mol Biol. 2006;60:555-63 pubmed
    ..To study the function of rose alcohol acetyltransferase (RhAAT) in planta, we generated transgenic petunia plants expressing the rose gene under the control of a CaMV-35S promoter...
  8. Zenoni S, D Agostino N, Tornielli G, Quattrocchio F, Chiusano M, Koes R, et al. Revealing impaired pathways in the an11 mutant by high-throughput characterization of Petunia axillaris and Petunia inflata transcriptomes. Plant J. 2011;68:11-27 pubmed publisher
    b>Petunia is an excellent model system, especially for genetic, physiological and molecular studies. Thus far, however, genome-wide expression analysis has been applied rarely because of the lack of sequence information...
  9. Kretzschmar T, Kohlen W, Sasse J, Borghi L, Schlegel M, Bachelier J, et al. A petunia ABC protein controls strigolactone-dependent symbiotic signalling and branching. Nature. 2012;483:341-4 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we show that the Petunia hybrida ABC transporter PDR1 has a key role in regulating the development of arbuscular mycorrhizae and axillary ..

More Information

Publications86

  1. Lorenz Lemke A, Mäder G, Muschner V, Stehmann J, Bonatto S, Salzano F, et al. Diversity and natural hybridization in a highly endemic species of Petunia (Solanaceae): a molecular and ecological analysis. Mol Ecol. 2006;15:4487-97 pubmed
    Intrinsic reproductive barriers among the species of Petunia are weak and genetic isolation is obtained mainly by geographical separation and ecological diversification...
  2. Larsen E, Alfenito M, Briggs W, Walbot V. A carnation anthocyanin mutant is complemented by the glutathione S-transferases encoded by maize Bz2 and petunia An9. Plant Cell Rep. 2003;21:900-4 pubmed
    ..coloration that closely resembles phenotypes produced by the anthocyanin mutants bz2 of maize and an9 of petunia. Bz2 and An9 encode glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) involved in vacuolar sequestration of anthocyanins...
  3. Gu Y, Fu Y, Dowd P, Li S, Vernoud V, Gilroy S, et al. A Rho family GTPase controls actin dynamics and tip growth via two counteracting downstream pathways in pollen tubes. J Cell Biol. 2005;169:127-38 pubmed
    ..The dual and antagonistic roles of this GTPase may provide a unifying mechanism by which Rho modulates various processes dependent on actin dynamics in eukaryotic cells. ..
  4. Simkin A, Underwood B, Auldridge M, Loucas H, Shibuya K, Schmelz E, et al. Circadian regulation of the PhCCD1 carotenoid cleavage dioxygenase controls emission of beta-ionone, a fragrance volatile of petunia flowers. Plant Physiol. 2004;136:3504-14 pubmed
    ..One such volatile, beta-ionone, is important to fragrance in many flowers, including petunia (Petunia hybrida). However, little is known about the factors regulating its synthesis in vivo...
  5. Van Moerkercke A, Schauvinhold I, Pichersky E, Haring M, Schuurink R. A plant thiolase involved in benzoic acid biosynthesis and volatile benzenoid production. Plant J. 2009;60:292-302 pubmed publisher
    ..In Petunia hybrida BA is a key precursor for the production of volatile benzenoids by its flowers...
  6. Hoballah M, Stuurman J, Turlings T, Guerin P, Connétable S, Kuhlemeier C. The composition and timing of flower odour emission by wild Petunia axillaris coincide with the antennal perception and nocturnal activity of the pollinator Manduca sexta. Planta. 2005;222:141-50 pubmed
    In the genus Petunia, distinct pollination syndromes may have evolved in association with bee-visitation (P. integrifolia spp.) or hawk moth-visitation (P. axillaris spp)...
  7. Sanikhani M, Mibus H, Stummann B, Serek M. Kalanchoe blossfeldiana plants expressing the Arabidopsis etr1-1 allele show reduced ethylene sensitivity. Plant Cell Rep. 2008;27:729-37 pubmed
    ..receptor gene etr1-1 from Arabidopsis thaliana under the control of the flower-specific fbp1-promoter from Petunia. Three ethylene-resistent T0 lines, 300, 324 and 331, were selected and analyzed for postharvest-performance and ..
  8. Dowd P, Coursol S, Skirpan A, Kao T, Gilroy S. Petunia phospholipase c1 is involved in pollen tube growth. Plant Cell. 2006;18:1438-53 pubmed
    ..cDNA for a pollen-expressed phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PtdInsP2)-cleaving phospholipase C (PLC) from Petunia inflata, named Pet PLC1...
  9. Janssen B, Schirra H, Lay F, Anderson M, Craik D. Structure of Petunia hybrida defensin 1, a novel plant defensin with five disulfide bonds. Biochemistry. 2003;42:8214-22 pubmed
    The structure of a novel plant defensin isolated from the flowers of Petunia hybrida has been determined by (1)H NMR spectroscopy. P...
  10. Colquhoun T, Schimmel B, Kim J, Reinhardt D, Cline K, Clark D. A petunia chorismate mutase specialized for the production of floral volatiles. Plant J. 2010;61:145-55 pubmed publisher
    In Petunia x hybrida cv. 'Mitchell Diploid' floral fragrance is comprised of 13 volatile benzenoids/phenylpropanoids derived from the aromatic amino acid phenylalanine...
  11. Long M, Nagegowda D, Kaminaga Y, Ho K, Kish C, Schnepp J, et al. Involvement of snapdragon benzaldehyde dehydrogenase in benzoic acid biosynthesis. Plant J. 2009;59:256-65 pubmed publisher
    ..recombinant protein, molecular homology modeling, in vivo stable isotope labeling, and transient expression in petunia flowers reveal that BALDH is capable of oxidizing benzaldehyde to BA in vivo...
  12. Koseki M, Goto K, Masuta C, Kanazawa A. The star-type color pattern in Petunia hybrida 'red Star' flowers is induced by sequence-specific degradation of chalcone synthase RNA. Plant Cell Physiol. 2005;46:1879-83 pubmed
    b>Petunia hybrida 'Red Star' is a variety whose flowers exhibit a star-type red and white bicolor pattern. We analyzed the mRNA levels of six genes involved in anthocyanin biosynthesis...
  13. Boatright J, Negre F, Chen X, Kish C, Wood B, Peel G, et al. Understanding in vivo benzenoid metabolism in petunia petal tissue. Plant Physiol. 2004;135:1993-2011 pubmed
    ..isotope labeling and computer-assisted metabolic flux analysis were used to investigate the metabolic pathways in petunia (Petunia hybrida) cv Mitchell leading from Phe to benzenoid compounds, a process that requires the shortening of ..
  14. Negre F, Kish C, Boatright J, Underwood B, Shibuya K, Wagner C, et al. Regulation of methylbenzoate emission after pollination in snapdragon and petunia flowers. Plant Cell. 2003;15:2992-3006 pubmed
    ..for postpollination changes in floral scent emission were investigated in snapdragon cv Maryland True Pink and petunia cv Mitchell flowers using a volatile ester, methylbenzoate, one of the major scent compounds emitted by these ..
  15. Vandenbussche M, Zethof J, Royaert S, Weterings K, Gerats T. The duplicated B-class heterodimer model: whorl-specific effects and complex genetic interactions in Petunia hybrida flower development. Plant Cell. 2004;16:741-54 pubmed
    ..Here, we demonstrate that gene duplications in both the DEF/AP3 and GLO/PI lineages in Petunia hybrida (petunia) have led to a functional diversification of their respective members, which is reflected by ..
  16. Heijmans K, Ament K, Rijpkema A, Zethof J, Wolters Arts M, Gerats T, et al. Redefining C and D in the petunia ABC. Plant Cell. 2012;24:2305-17 pubmed publisher
    ..Both C- and D-genes belong to the AGAMOUS (AG) subfamily of MADS box transcription factors. We show that the petunia (Petunia hybrida) C-clade genes PETUNIA MADS BOX GENE3 and FLORAL BINDING PROTEIN6 (FBP6) largely overlap in ..
  17. Chapin L, Jones M. Ethylene regulates phosphorus remobilization and expression of a phosphate transporter (PhPT1) during petunia corolla senescence. J Exp Bot. 2009;60:2179-90 pubmed publisher
    ..Ethylene is involved in regulating the timing of nucleic acid degradation in petunia, but it is not clear if ethylene has a role in the remobilization of phosphorus during petal senescence...
  18. Schuurink R, Haring M, Clark D. Regulation of volatile benzenoid biosynthesis in petunia flowers. Trends Plant Sci. 2006;11:20-5 pubmed
    The petunia flower has served as a model for the study of several physiological processes including floral development, self-incompatibility, anthocyanin biosynthesis and ethylene signalling during senescence...
  19. Tsukamoto T, Ando T, Watanabe H, Marchesi E, Kao T. Duplication of the S-locus F-box gene is associated with breakdown of pollen function in an S-haplotype identified in a natural population of self-incompatible Petunia axillaris. Plant Mol Biol. 2005;57:141-53 pubmed
    ..identified both self-incompatible and self-compatible plants in a natural population of self-incompatible Petunia axillaris subsp...
  20. Tieman D, Loucas H, Kim J, Clark D, Klee H. Tomato phenylacetaldehyde reductases catalyze the last step in the synthesis of the aroma volatile 2-phenylethanol. Phytochemistry. 2007;68:2660-9 pubmed publisher
    ..the activity of these enzymes in vivo, LePAR1 and LePAR2 cDNAs were individually expressed constitutively in petunia. While wild type petunia flowers emit relatively high levels of 2-phenylacetaldehyde and lower levels of 2-..
  21. Zubko E, Meyer P. A natural antisense transcript of the Petunia hybrida Sho gene suggests a role for an antisense mechanism in cytokinin regulation. Plant J. 2007;52:1131-9 pubmed
    The Sho gene from Petunia hybrida encodes an enzyme responsible for the synthesis of plant cytokinins...
  22. Kasai M, Matsumura H, Yoshida K, Terauchi R, Taneda A, Kanazawa A. Deep sequencing uncovers commonality in small RNA profiles between transgene-induced and naturally occurring RNA silencing of chalcone synthase-A gene in petunia. BMC Genomics. 2013;14:63 pubmed publisher
    ..Cosuppression was first discovered in transgenic petunia plants transformed with the CHS-A gene encoding chalcone synthase, in which nonpigmented sectors in flowers or ..
  23. Pennycooke J, Jones M, Stushnoff C. Down-regulating alpha-galactosidase enhances freezing tolerance in transgenic petunia. Plant Physiol. 2003;133:901-9 pubmed
    ..between endogenous sugars and freezing stress, the expression of alpha-Gal was modified in transgenic petunia (Petunia x hybrida cv Mitchell)...
  24. Hoballah M, Gubitz T, Stuurman J, Broger L, Barone M, Mandel T, et al. Single gene-mediated shift in pollinator attraction in Petunia. Plant Cell. 2007;19:779-90 pubmed
    ..AN2), a well-defined myb-type transcription factor that is a major determinant of flower color variation between Petunia integrifolia and Petunia axillaris. Analysis of sequence variation in AN2 in wild P...
  25. Kanazawa A, O Dell M, Hellens R. Epigenetic inactivation of chalcone synthase-A transgene transcription in petunia leads to a reversion of the post-transcriptional gene silencing phenotype. Plant Cell Physiol. 2007;48:638-47 pubmed
    b>Petunia plants that exhibit a white-flowering phenotype as a consequence of chalcone synthase transgene-induced silencing occasionally give rise to revertant branches that produce flowers with wild-type pigmentation...
  26. Dexter R, Qualley A, Kish C, Ma C, Koeduka T, Nagegowda D, et al. Characterization of a petunia acetyltransferase involved in the biosynthesis of the floral volatile isoeugenol. Plant J. 2007;49:265-75 pubmed
    b>Petunia flower petals emit large amounts of isoeugenol, which has been shown to be synthesized by isoeugenol synthase (PhIGS1) from an ester of coniferyl alcohol, hypothesized to be coniferyl acetate...
  27. Vandenbussche M, Zethof J, Souer E, Koes R, Tornielli G, Pezzotti M, et al. Toward the analysis of the petunia MADS box gene family by reverse and forward transposon insertion mutagenesis approaches: B, C, and D floral organ identity functions require SEPALLATA-like MADS box genes in petunia. Plant Cell. 2003;15:2680-93 pubmed
    ..functional analysis of the MADS box, intervening region, K domain, C domain-type MADS box gene family in petunia. The starting point for this has been a reverse-genetics approach, aiming to select for transposon insertions ..
  28. O Donoghue E, Somerfield S, Watson L, Brummell D, Hunter D. Galactose metabolism in cell walls of opening and senescing petunia petals. Planta. 2009;229:709-21 pubmed publisher
    Galactose was the major non-cellulosic neutral sugar present in the cell walls of 'Mitchell' petunia (Petunia axillaris x P. axillaris x P. hybrida) flower petals...
  29. Van Moerkercke A, Haring M, Schuurink R. The transcription factor EMISSION OF BENZENOIDS II activates the MYB ODORANT1 promoter at a MYB binding site specific for fragrant petunias. Plant J. 2011;67:917-28 pubmed publisher
    Fragrance production in petunia flowers is highly regulated...
  30. Zenoni S, Fasoli M, Tornielli G, Dal Santo S, Sanson A, de Groot P, et al. Overexpression of PhEXPA1 increases cell size, modifies cell wall polymer composition and affects the timing of axillary meristem development in Petunia hybrida. New Phytol. 2011;191:662-77 pubmed publisher
    ..The involvement of the Petunia hybrida expansin A1 (PhEXPA1) gene in cell expansion, the control of organ size and cell wall polysaccharide ..
  31. Maeda H, Shasany A, Schnepp J, Orlova I, Taguchi G, Cooper B, et al. RNAi suppression of Arogenate Dehydratase1 reveals that phenylalanine is synthesized predominantly via the arogenate pathway in petunia petals. Plant Cell. 2010;22:832-49 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we used Petunia hybrida flowers, which are rich in Phe-derived volatiles, to determine the biosynthetic routes involved in Phe ..
  32. Sun P, Kao T. Self-incompatibility in Petunia inflata: the relationship between a self-incompatibility locus F-box protein and its non-self S-RNases. Plant Cell. 2013;25:470-85 pubmed publisher
    The highly polymorphic S (for self-incompatibility) locus regulates self-incompatibility in Petunia inflata; the S-RNase regulates pistil specificity, and multiple S-locus F-box (SLF) genes regulate pollen specificity...
  33. Colquhoun T, Kim J, Wedde A, Levin L, Schmitt K, Schuurink R, et al. PhMYB4 fine-tunes the floral volatile signature of Petunia x hybrida through PhC4H. J Exp Bot. 2011;62:1133-43 pubmed publisher
    In Petunia × hybrida cv 'Mitchell Diploid' (MD), floral volatile benzenoid/phenylpropanoid (FVBP) biosynthesis is controlled spatially, developmentally, and daily at molecular, metabolic, and biochemical levels...
  34. Donà M, Ventura L, Macovei A, Confalonieri M, Savio M, Giovannini A, et al. ? irradiation with different dose rates induces different DNA damage responses in Petunia x hybrida cells. J Plant Physiol. 2013;170:780-7 pubmed publisher
    ..dose-rate dependent differences in DNA damage, single cell gel electrophoresis was carried out on regenerating Petunia x hybrida leaf discs exposed to LDR (total dose 50 Gy, delivered at 0...
  35. Ahkami A, Melzer M, Ghaffari M, Pollmann S, Ghorbani Javid M, Shahinnia F, et al. Distribution of indole-3-acetic acid in Petunia hybrida shoot tip cuttings and relationship between auxin transport, carbohydrate metabolism and adventitious root formation. Planta. 2013;238:499-517 pubmed publisher
    ..of polar auxin transport (PAT) to auxin accumulation and to adventitious root (AR) formation in the stem base of Petunia hybrida shoot tip cuttings, the level of indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) was monitored in non-treated cuttings and ..
  36. Albert N, Lewis D, Zhang H, Schwinn K, Jameson P, Davies K. Members of an R2R3-MYB transcription factor family in Petunia are developmentally and environmentally regulated to control complex floral and vegetative pigmentation patterning. Plant J. 2011;65:771-84 pubmed publisher
    We present an investigation of anthocyanin regulation over the entire petunia plant, determining the mechanisms governing complex floral pigmentation patterning and environmentally induced vegetative anthocyanin synthesis...
  37. Lay F, Brugliera F, Anderson M. Isolation and properties of floral defensins from ornamental tobacco and petunia. Plant Physiol. 2003;131:1283-93 pubmed
    The flowers of the solanaceous plants ornamental tobacco (Nicotiana alata) and petunia (Petunia hybrida) produce high levels of defensins during the early stages of development...
  38. Spitzer B, Zvi M, Ovadis M, Marhevka E, Barkai O, Edelbaum O, et al. Reverse genetics of floral scent: application of tobacco rattle virus-based gene silencing in Petunia. Plant Physiol. 2007;145:1241-50 pubmed
    ..One candidate is petunia (Petunia hybrida), which has emerged as a convenient model system, and both RNAi and overexpression approaches ..
  39. Feddermann N, Muni R, Zeier T, Stuurman J, Ercolin F, Schorderet M, et al. The PAM1 gene of petunia, required for intracellular accommodation and morphogenesis of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, encodes a homologue of VAPYRIN. Plant J. 2010;64:470-81 pubmed publisher
    ..We have previously identified a mutant in Petunia hybrida, penetration and arbuscule morphogenesis 1 (pam1), that is defective in the intracellular stages of AM ..
  40. Jeong Y, Mun J, Kim H, Lee S, Kim S. An upstream region in the first intron of petunia actin-depolymerizing factor 1 affects tissue-specific expression in transgenic Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana). Plant J. 2007;50:230-9 pubmed
    The first intron of the petunia actin-depolymerizing factor 1 (PhADF1) gene was previously shown to induce strong and constitutive expression of that gene in vegetative tissues of transgenic Arabidopsis...
  41. Xu Y, Ishida H, Reisen D, Hanson M. Upregulation of a tonoplast-localized cytochrome P450 during petal senescence in Petunia inflata. BMC Plant Biol. 2006;6:8 pubmed
    Gene expression in Petunia inflata petals undergoes major changes following compatible pollination...
  42. Nakagawa H, Jiang C, Sakakibara H, Kojima M, Honda I, Ajisaka H, et al. Overexpression of a petunia zinc-finger gene alters cytokinin metabolism and plant forms. Plant J. 2005;41:512-23 pubmed
    ..We found that overexpression of a cDNA for a zinc-finger protein of petunia, designated Lateral shoot-Inducing Factor (LIF), in transgenic petunia plants resulted in a dramatic increase in ..
  43. Dal Santo S, Fasoli M, Cavallini E, Tornielli G, Pezzotti M, Zenoni S. PhEXPA1, a Petunia hybrida expansin, is involved in cell wall metabolism and in plant architecture specification. Plant Signal Behav. 2011;6:2031-4 pubmed
    ..To yield insights into the expansion process in Petunia hybrida, PhEXPA1, an expansin gene preferentially expressed in petal limb, has been characterized...
  44. Gerats T, Vandenbussche M. A model system for comparative research: Petunia. Trends Plant Sci. 2005;10:251-6 pubmed
    ..Here we present Petunia as one of the available systems: as a representative of the Solanaceae it has the advantages of good culture ..
  45. Angenent G, Stuurman J, Snowden K, Koes R. Use of Petunia to unravel plant meristem functioning. Trends Plant Sci. 2005;10:243-50 pubmed
    ..Several model plants have contributed to our current knowledge of meristem function. Research using Petunia has had a substantial share in this progress...
  46. Colquhoun T, Verdonk J, Schimmel B, Tieman D, Underwood B, Clark D. Petunia floral volatile benzenoid/phenylpropanoid genes are regulated in a similar manner. Phytochemistry. 2010;71:158-67 pubmed publisher
    b>Petunia (Petunia x hybrida cv 'Mitchell Diploid' [MD]) flowers emit high levels of multiple floral volatile benzenoid/phenylpropanoid (FVBP) compounds from anthesis to senescence in a concerted manner...
  47. Orlova I, Marshall Colon A, Schnepp J, Wood B, Varbanova M, Fridman E, et al. Reduction of benzenoid synthesis in petunia flowers reveals multiple pathways to benzoic acid and enhancement in auxin transport. Plant Cell. 2006;18:3458-75 pubmed
    ..Previous in vivo isotope labeling and metabolic flux analysis of the benzenoid network in petunia (Petunia hybrida) flowers revealed that both pathways yield benzenoid compounds and that benzylbenzoate is an ..
  48. Ben Zvi M, Negre Zakharov F, Masci T, Ovadis M, Shklarman E, Ben Meir H, et al. Interlinking showy traits: co-engineering of scent and colour biosynthesis in flowers. Plant Biotechnol J. 2008;6:403-15 pubmed publisher
    ..to regulate the production of non-volatile phenylpropanoids, including anthocyanins, was stably introduced into Petunia hybrida...
  49. Rebocho A, Bliek M, Kusters E, Castel R, Procissi A, Roobeek I, et al. Role of EVERGREEN in the development of the cymose petunia inflorescence. Dev Cell. 2008;15:437-47 pubmed publisher
    ..To understand how cymes are specified, we studied mutations that alter the petunia inflorescence...
  50. Puerta A, Ushijima K, Koba T, Sassa H. Identification and functional analysis of pistil self-incompatibility factor HT-B of Petunia. J Exp Bot. 2009;60:1309-18 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, HT-B was cloned from Petunia and characterized...
  51. Verdonk J, Shibuya K, Loucas H, Colquhoun T, Underwood B, Clark D. Flower-specific expression of the Agrobacterium tumefaciens isopentenyltransferase gene results in radial expansion of floral organs in Petunia hybrida. Plant Biotechnol J. 2008;6:694-701 pubmed publisher
    ..The expression of the ipt gene under the control of the flower-specific Arabidopsis APETALA3 promoter in petunia (Petunia hybrida) increases the flower size dramatically, but with no effect on vegetative development...
  52. de Folter S, Shchennikova A, Franken J, Busscher M, Baskar R, Grossniklaus U, et al. A Bsister MADS-box gene involved in ovule and seed development in petunia and Arabidopsis. Plant J. 2006;47:934-46 pubmed
    ..Here, we report the isolation and characterization of a MADS-box B(s) member from petunia, designated FBP24...
  53. Yoon G, Dowd P, Gilroy S, McCubbin A. Calcium-dependent protein kinase isoforms in Petunia have distinct functions in pollen tube growth, including regulating polarity. Plant Cell. 2006;18:867-78 pubmed
    ..We identified two pollen-expressed calmodulin-like domain protein kinases from Petunia inflata, CALMODULIN-LIKE DOMAIN PROTEIN KINASE1 (Pi CDPK1) and Pi CDPK2...
  54. Snowden K, Simkin A, Janssen B, Templeton K, Loucas H, Simons J, et al. The Decreased apical dominance1/Petunia hybrida CAROTENOID CLEAVAGE DIOXYGENASE8 gene affects branch production and plays a role in leaf senescence, root growth, and flower development. Plant Cell. 2005;17:746-59 pubmed
    ..The Decreased apical dominance1 (Dad1)/PhCCD8 gene of petunia (Petunia hybrida) encodes a hypothetical carotenoid cleavage dioxygenase (CCD) and ortholog of the MORE AXILLARY ..
  55. Lorenz Lemke A, Togni P, Mäder G, Kriedt R, Stehmann J, Salzano F, et al. Diversification of plant species in a subtropical region of eastern South American highlands: a phylogeographic perspective on native Petunia (Solanaceae). Mol Ecol. 2010;19:5240-51 pubmed publisher
    In the Southern and Southeastern Brazilian highlands, a clade of seven species of Petunia that are endemic to the region (P. altiplana, P. bonjardinensis, P. guarapuavensis, P. mantiqueirensis, P. reitzii, P. saxicola and P...
  56. Gass N, Glagotskaia T, Mellema S, Stuurman J, Barone M, Mandel T, et al. Pyruvate decarboxylase provides growing pollen tubes with a competitive advantage in petunia. Plant Cell. 2005;17:2355-68 pubmed
    ..Using transposon tagging in Petunia hybrida, we isolated a null mutant in pollen-specific Pdc2...
  57. Zenoni S, Reale L, Tornielli G, Lanfaloni L, Porceddu A, Ferrarini A, et al. Downregulation of the Petunia hybrida alpha-expansin gene PhEXP1 reduces the amount of crystalline cellulose in cell walls and leads to phenotypic changes in petal limbs. Plant Cell. 2004;16:295-308 pubmed
    ..To understand better the expansion process in Petunia hybrida (petunia) flowers, we isolated a cDNA corresponding to the PhEXP1 alpha-expansin gene of P. hybrida...
  58. Wellmann F, Matern U, Lukacin R. Significance of C-terminal sequence elements for Petunia flavanone 3beta-hydroxylase activity. FEBS Lett. 2004;561:149-54 pubmed
    ..In a systematic approach with highly active Petunia FHT, four C-terminally truncated enzyme forms were generated by deletion of five, 11, 24 or 29 amino acids...
  59. Ahkami A, Lischewski S, Haensch K, Porfirova S, Hofmann J, Rolletschek H, et al. Molecular physiology of adventitious root formation in Petunia hybrida cuttings: involvement of wound response and primary metabolism. New Phytol. 2009;181:613-25 pubmed publisher
    Adventitious root formation (ARF) in the model plant Petunia hybrida cv. Mitchell has been analysed in terms of anatomy, gene expression, enzymatic activities and levels of metabolites...
  60. Stuurman J, Hoballah M, Broger L, Moore J, Basten C, Kuhlemeier C. Dissection of floral pollination syndromes in Petunia. Genetics. 2004;168:1585-99 pubmed
    ..In the genus Petunia, complex pollination syndromes are found for nocturnal hawkmoths (P. axillaris) and diurnal bees (P...
  61. Garrido D, Busscher J, van Tunen A. Promoter activity of a putative pollen monosaccharide transporter in Petunia hybrida and characterisation of a transposon insertion mutant. Protoplasma. 2006;228:3-11 pubmed
    ..From Petunia hybrida a pollen-specific putative monosaccharide transporter designated PMT1 (for petunia monosaccharide ..
  62. Hua Z, Kao T. Identification of major lysine residues of S(3)-RNase of Petunia inflata involved in ubiquitin-26S proteasome-mediated degradation in vitro. Plant J. 2008;54:1094-104 pubmed publisher
    ..To test this model, we studied whether any of the 20 lysine residues in S(3)-RNase of Petunia inflata might be targets for ubiquitination...
  63. Brandenburg A, Kuhlemeier C, Bshary R. Hawkmoth pollinators decrease seed set of a low-nectar Petunia axillaris line through reduced probing time. Curr Biol. 2012;22:1635-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we developed a crossing design to introgress a low-nectar-volume locus of Petunia integrifolia into the genetic background of P. axillaris. The resulting introgression line resembled P...
  64. Ishimizu T, Kodama H, Ando T, Watanabe M. Molecular evidence that most RNAs required for germination and pollen tube growth are stored in the mature pollen grain in petunia. Genes Genet Syst. 2010;85:259-63 pubmed
    ..In this study, the expression of 732 randomly selected genes in petunia pollen and pollen tubes was analyzed by microarray and quantitative PCR analyses...
  65. Cartolano M, Castillo R, Efremova N, Kuckenberg M, Zethof J, Gerats T, et al. A conserved microRNA module exerts homeotic control over Petunia hybrida and Antirrhinum majus floral organ identity. Nat Genet. 2007;39:901-5 pubmed
    ..We show that the blind (bl) mutant of Petunia hybrida and the fistulata (fis) mutant of Antirrhinum majus, which have similar homeotic phenotypes, are ..
  66. Albert N, Lewis D, Zhang H, Irving L, Jameson P, Davies K. Light-induced vegetative anthocyanin pigmentation in Petunia. J Exp Bot. 2009;60:2191-202 pubmed publisher
    The Lc petunia system, which displays enhanced, light-induced vegetative pigmentation, was used to investigate how high light affects anthocyanin biosynthesis, and to assess the effects of anthocyanin pigmentation upon photosynthesis...
  67. Wang H, Liu G, Li C, Powell A, Reid M, Zhang Z, et al. Defence responses regulated by jasmonate and delayed senescence caused by ethylene receptor mutation contribute to the tolerance of petunia to Botrytis cinerea. Mol Plant Pathol. 2013;14:453-69 pubmed publisher
    ..of the Arabidopsis ethylene receptor mutant ethylene-insensitive1-1 (etr1-1) causes ethylene insensitivity in petunia. To investigate the molecular mechanisms involved in transgenic petunia responses to Botrytis cinerea related to ..
  68. Borovsky Y, Oren Shamir M, Ovadia R, De Jong W, Paran I. The A locus that controls anthocyanin accumulation in pepper encodes a MYB transcription factor homologous to Anthocyanin2 of Petunia. Theor Appl Genet. 2004;109:23-9 pubmed
    ..5226 (purple-fruited) and PI 159234 (green-fruited) to a region that corresponds, in tomato, to the location of Petunia anthocyanin 2 ( An2), a regulator of anthocyanin biosynthesis...
  69. Wang Y, Wang X, McCubbin A, Kao T. Genetic mapping and molecular characterization of the self-incompatibility (S) locus in Petunia inflata. Plant Mol Biol. 2003;53:565-80 pubmed
    ..To identify the pollen S gene of Petunia inflata, we had previously used mRNA differential display and subtractive hybridization to identify 13 pollen-..
  70. Wang H, Stier G, Lin J, Liu G, Zhang Z, Chang Y, et al. Transcriptome changes associated with delayed flower senescence on transgenic petunia by inducing expression of etr1-1, a mutant ethylene receptor. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e65800 pubmed publisher
    ..We have generated petunia plants in which the etr1-1 gene was over-expressed under the control of a chemically-inducible promoter, which ..
  71. Sassa H, Hirano H. Identification of a new class of pistil-specific proteins of Petunia inflata that is structurally similar to, but functionally distinct from, the self-incompatibility factor HT. Mol Genet Genomics. 2006;275:97-104 pubmed
    ..Here, we identified a new class of HT-like proteins in the style of Petunia inflata and named it HTL...
  72. Ferrario S, Busscher J, Franken J, Gerats T, Vandenbussche M, Angenent G, et al. Ectopic expression of the petunia MADS box gene UNSHAVEN accelerates flowering and confers leaf-like characteristics to floral organs in a dominant-negative manner. Plant Cell. 2004;16:1490-505 pubmed
    ..The Petunia hybrida MADS box gene UNSHAVEN (UNS) shares sequence similarity with the Arabidopsis thaliana flowering gene ..
  73. Underwood B, Tieman D, Shibuya K, Dexter R, Loucas H, Simkin A, et al. Ethylene-regulated floral volatile synthesis in petunia corollas. Plant Physiol. 2005;138:255-66 pubmed
    In many flowering plants, such as petunia (Petunia x hybrida), ethylene produced in floral organs after pollination elicits a series of physiological and biochemical events, ultimately leading to senescence of petals and successful ..
  74. Wigoda N, Ben Nissan G, Granot D, Schwartz A, Weiss D. The gibberellin-induced, cysteine-rich protein GIP2 from Petunia hybrida exhibits in planta antioxidant activity. Plant J. 2006;48:796-805 pubmed
    ..We have previously identified five gibberellin (GA)-induced GAST1-like genes in petunia, GIP1-5...
  75. Cnudde F, Hedatale V, de Jong H, Pierson E, Rainey D, Zabeau M, et al. Changes in gene expression during male meiosis in Petunia hybrida. Chromosome Res. 2006;14:919-32 pubmed
    We analyzed changes in gene expression during male meiosis in Petunia by combining the meiotic staging of pollen mother cells from a single anther with cDNA-AFLP transcript profiling of mRNA from the synchronously developing sister ..
  76. Dexter R, Verdonk J, Underwood B, Shibuya K, Schmelz E, Clark D. Tissue-specific PhBPBT expression is differentially regulated in response to endogenous ethylene. J Exp Bot. 2008;59:609-18 pubmed publisher
    ..Mitchell 'Diploid' (MD). In petunia, PhBPBT is responsible for the biosynthesis of both benzyl benzoate and phenylethyl benzoate from benzyl alcohol ..
  77. Pearce G, Siems W, Bhattacharya R, Chen Y, Ryan C. Three hydroxyproline-rich glycopeptides derived from a single petunia polyprotein precursor activate defensin I, a pathogen defense response gene. J Biol Chem. 2007;282:17777-84 pubmed
    ..We have isolated a cDNA from petunia (Petunia hybrida) leaves encoding a putative protein of 214 amino acids that is a homolog of tobacco and tomato ..