capsicum

Summary

Summary: A plant genus of the family SOLANACEAE. The hot peppers yield CAPSAICIN, which activates VANILLOID RECEPTORS. Several varieties have sweet or pungent edible fruits that are used as vegetables when fresh and spices when the pods are dried.

Top Publications

  1. Huh S, Kim K, Paek K. Capsicum annuum basic transcription factor 3 (CaBtf3) regulates transcription of pathogenesis-related genes during hypersensitive response upon Tobacco mosaic virus infection. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2012;417:910-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The results indicate that CaBtf3 might be involved in HR cell death and could function as a transcription factor in the nucleus by transcriptional regulation of HR-related gene expression...
  2. Okada R, Kiyota E, Sabanadzovic S, Moriyama H, Fukuhara T, Saha P, et al. Bell pepper endornavirus: molecular and biological properties, and occurrence in the genus Capsicum. J Gen Virol. 2011;92:2664-73 pubmed publisher
    Bell peppers (Capsicum annuum) harbour a large dsRNA virus. The linear genome (14.7 kbp) of two isolates from Japanese and USA bell pepper cultivars were completely sequenced and compared...
  3. Thul S, Darokar M, Shasany A, Khanuja S. Molecular profiling for genetic variability in Capsicum species based on ISSR and RAPD markers. Mol Biotechnol. 2012;51:137-47 pubmed publisher
    The taxonomic identity of Capsicum species is found to be difficult as it displays variations at morpho-chemical characters. Twenty-two accessions of six Capsicum species, namely, C. annuum, C. baccatum, C. chinense, C. eximium, C...
  4. Chen C, Chen G, Hao X, Cao B, Chen Q, Liu S, et al. CaMF2, an anther-specific lipid transfer protein (LTP) gene, affects pollen development in Capsicum annuum L. Plant Sci. 2011;181:439-48 pubmed publisher
    ..by cDNA-amplified fragment length polymorphism (cDNA-AFLP) in the genic male sterile-fertile line 114AB of Capsicum annuum L., a variety of differentially expressed cDNA fragments were detected in fertile or sterile lines...
  5. Ribeiro S, Silva M, DA Cunha M, Carvalho A, Dias G, Rabelo G, et al. Capsicum annuum L. trypsin inhibitor as a template scaffold for new drug development against pathogenic yeast. Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek. 2012;101:657-70 pubmed publisher
    A 6,000 Da peptide, named CaTI, was isolated from Capsicum annuum L. seeds and showed potent inhibitory activity against trypsin and chymotrypsin...
  6. Wang Y, Dang F, Liu Z, Wang X, Eulgem T, Lai Y, et al. CaWRKY58, encoding a group I WRKY transcription factor of Capsicum annuum, negatively regulates resistance to Ralstonia solanacearum infection. Mol Plant Pathol. 2013;14:131-44 pubmed publisher
    ..So far, their biological and molecular functions in nonmodel plants, including pepper (Capsicum annuum) and other Solanaceae, remain poorly understood...
  7. Wang J, Li D, Gong Z, Zhang Y. Optimization of virus-induced gene silencing in pepper (Capsicum annuum L.). Genet Mol Res. 2013;12:2492-506 pubmed publisher
    ..These results demonstrate that the optimized protocol can be applied to functional genomic studies in pepper to investigate genes involved in a wide range of biological processes...
  8. Garruña Hernández R, Monforte González M, Canto Aguilar A, Vázquez Flota F, Orellana R. Enrichment of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere increases the capsaicinoids content in Habanero peppers (Capsicum chinense Jacq.). J Sci Food Agric. 2013;93:1385-8 pubmed publisher
    ..For this study, plants of hot Habanero pepper (Capsicum chinense Jacq...
  9. Alós E, Rodrigo M, Zacarias L. Transcriptomic analysis of genes involved in the biosynthesis, recycling and degradation of L-ascorbic acid in pepper fruits (Capsicum annuum L.). Plant Sci. 2013;207:2-11 pubmed publisher
    Sweet pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) is widely recognized among the vegetables with high content of ascorbic acid (AsA)...

More Information

Publications82

  1. Gururaj H, Padma M, Giridhar P, Ravishankar G. Functional validation of Capsicum frutescens aminotransferase gene involved in vanillylamine biosynthesis using Agrobacterium mediated genetic transformation studies in Nicotiana tabacum and Capsicum frutescens calli cultures. Plant Sci. 2012;195:96-105 pubmed publisher
    ..in heterologous system using Agrobacterium mediated genetic transformation studies in Nicotiana tabacum and Capsicum frutescens calli cultures...
  2. Nicolai M, Pisani C, Bouchet J, Vuylsteke M, Palloix A. Discovery of a large set of SNP and SSR genetic markers by high-throughput sequencing of pepper (Capsicum annuum). Genet Mol Res. 2012;11:2295-300 pubmed publisher
    ..However, for many species, such as pepper (Capsicum annuum), a reference genome sequence is not yet available. To this end, we sequenced the C. annuum cv...
  3. Gagliano M, Renton M, Duvdevani N, Timmins M, Mancuso S. Out of sight but not out of mind: alternative means of communication in plants. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e37382 pubmed publisher
    ..These results provide clear experimental evidence for the existence of communication channels between plants beyond those that have been recognized and studied thus far. ..
  4. Liu S, Li W, Wu Y, Chen C, Lei J. De novo transcriptome assembly in chili pepper (Capsicum frutescens) to identify genes involved in the biosynthesis of capsaicinoids. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e48156 pubmed publisher
    ..in biosynthesis of capsaicinoids, we applied RNA-seq for the mixture of placenta and pericarp of pungent pepper (Capsicum frutescens L.)...
  5. Bae C, Kim S, Lee D, Choi D. Multiple classes of immune-related proteases associated with the cell death response in pepper plants. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e63533 pubmed publisher
    ..With these results, we created a broad sketch of each protease function. This information will provide basic information for further understanding the roles of the protease superfamily in plant growth, development, and defense...
  6. Hwang D, Park J, Lim J, Kim D, Choi Y, Kim S, et al. The hot pepper (Capsicum annuum) microRNA transcriptome reveals novel and conserved targets: a foundation for understanding MicroRNA functional roles in hot pepper. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e64238 pubmed publisher
    ..studies have focused on a few model plants, miRNAs and their target genes remain largely unknown in hot pepper (Capsicum annuum), one of the most important crops cultivated worldwide...
  7. Al Othman Z, Ahmed Y, Habila M, Ghafar A. Determination of capsaicin and dihydrocapsaicin in Capsicum fruit samples using high performance liquid chromatography. Molecules. 2011;16:8919-29 pubmed publisher
    The aim of the present study was to determine the content of capsaicin and dihydrocapsaicin in Capsicum samples collected from city markets in Riyadh (Saudi Arabia), calculate their pungency in Scoville heat units (SHU) and evaluate the ..
  8. Airaki M, Sánchez Moreno L, Leterrier M, Barroso J, Palma J, Corpas F. Detection and quantification of S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO) in pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) plant organs by LC-ES/MS. Plant Cell Physiol. 2011;52:2006-15 pubmed publisher
    ..This approach opens up new analytical possibilities to understand the relevance of GSNO in plant cells under physiological and stress conditions...
  9. Ahn Y, Tripathi S, Kim J, Cho Y, Lee H, Kim D, et al. Transcriptome analysis of Capsicum annuum varieties Mandarin and Blackcluster: assembly, annotation and molecular marker discovery. Gene. 2014;533:494-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Pepper (Capsicum annuum L...
  10. Tundis R, Loizzo M, Menichini F, Bonesi M, Conforti F, Statti G, et al. Comparative study on the chemical composition, antioxidant properties and hypoglycaemic activities of two Capsicum annuum L. cultivars (Acuminatum small and Cerasiferum). Plant Foods Hum Nutr. 2011;66:261-9 pubmed publisher
    ..carotenoids, capsaicin and dihydrocapsaicin content and the antioxidant and hypoglycemic properties of Capsicum annuum var. acuminatum small and C. annuum var. cerasiferum air-dried fruits. The ethanol extract of C...
  11. Yeom S, Seo E, Oh S, Kim K, Choi D. A common plant cell-wall protein HyPRP1 has dual roles as a positive regulator of cell death and a negative regulator of basal defense against pathogens. Plant J. 2012;69:755-68 pubmed publisher
    ..We identified the gene HyPRP1 in Capsicum annuum and Nicotiana benthamiana, which encodes a protein containing proline-rich domain and eight-cysteine motif ..
  12. Park M, Park J, Kim S, Kwon J, Park H, Bae I, et al. Evolution of the large genome in Capsicum annuum occurred through accumulation of single-type long terminal repeat retrotransposons and their derivatives. Plant J. 2012;69:1018-29 pubmed publisher
    ..The pepper, Capsicum annuum, is an excellent model for studies of genome expansion due to its large genome size (2700?Mb) and the ..
  13. Zhao B, Dahlbeck D, Krasileva K, Fong R, Staskawicz B. Computational and biochemical analysis of the Xanthomonas effector AvrBs2 and its role in the modulation of Xanthomonas type three effector delivery. PLoS Pathog. 2011;7:e1002408 pubmed publisher
    ..Investigation of the mechanism underlying this modulation of the type III secretion system may offer new strategies to generate broad-spectrum resistance to bacterial pathogens...
  14. González Jara P, Moreno Letelier A, Fraile A, Piñero D, García Arenal F. Impact of human management on the genetic variation of wild pepper, Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e28715 pubmed publisher
    ..Measures to conserve wild and managed populations should be implemented to maintain the source and the architecture of genetic variation in this important crop relative...
  15. Qin C, Yu C, Shen Y, Fang X, Chen L, Min J, et al. Whole-genome sequencing of cultivated and wild peppers provides insights into Capsicum domestication and specialization. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2014;111:5135-40 pubmed publisher
    ..To gain a better understanding of Capsicum evolution, domestication, and specialization, we present here the genome sequence of the cultivated pepper Zunla-..
  16. Jang H, Kim S, Yuk J, Kwon O, Oh S, Lee H, et al. Capsicum annuum L. methanolic extract inhibits ovalbumin-induced airway inflammation and oxidative stress in a mouse model of asthma. J Med Food. 2011;14:1144-51 pubmed publisher
    The pepper fruit of Capsicum annuum L. is used as a food, spice, and topical medicine. Here, we investigated the effect of a methanolic C. annuum L. extract (CAE) in a mouse model of ovalbumin-induced allergic airway inflammation...
  17. Li J, Pandeya D, Jo Y, Liu W, Kang B. Reduced activity of ATP synthase in mitochondria causes cytoplasmic male sterility in chili pepper. Planta. 2013;237:1097-109 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, further functional analysis of mitochondrial Orf507 will provide insights into the mechanisms underlying CMS in plants...
  18. Parsons E, Popopvsky S, Lohrey G, Lü S, Alkalai Tuvia S, Perzelan Y, et al. Fruit cuticle lipid composition and fruit post-harvest water loss in an advanced backcross generation of pepper (Capsicum sp.). Physiol Plant. 2012;146:15-25 pubmed publisher
    ..lipid composition in fruit water loss, an advanced backcross population, the BC(2)F(2) , was created between the Capsicum annuum (PI1154) and the Capsicum chinense (USDA162), which have high and low post-harvest water loss rates, ..
  19. Hallmann E, Rembiałkowska E. Characterisation of antioxidant compounds in sweet bell pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) under organic and conventional growing systems. J Sci Food Agric. 2012;92:2409-15 pubmed publisher
    ..The levels of carotenoids and phenolics are very variable and may be affected by ripeness, genotype and cultivation...
  20. Ustün S, Muller P, Palmisano R, Hensel M, Börnke F. SseF, a type III effector protein from the mammalian pathogen Salmonella enterica, requires resistance-gene-mediated signalling to activate cell death in the model plant Nicotiana benthamiana. New Phytol. 2012;194:1046-60 pubmed publisher
    ..not impaired but symptom development was rather accelerated in a compatible interaction with susceptible pepper (Capsicum annuum) plants. We conclude that the S. enterica T3E SseF is probably recognized by the plant immune system in N...
  21. Kumar S, Dubey A, Karmakar R, Kini K, Mathew M, Prakash H. Inhibition of TMV multiplication by siRNA constructs against TOM1 and TOM3 genes of Capsicum annuum. J Virol Methods. 2012;186:78-85 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, homologous of TOM1 and TOM3 genes were identified in pepper (Capsicum annuum) using specific primers. Their gene sequences have similarity to Nicotiana tabacum NtTOM1 and NtTOM3...
  22. Yarnes S, Ashrafi H, Reyes Chin Wo S, Hill T, Stoffel K, Van Deynze A. Identification of QTLs for capsaicinoids, fruit quality, and plant architecture-related traits in an interspecific Capsicum RIL population. Genome. 2013;56:61-74 pubmed publisher
    ..traits in a pepper mapping population consisting of 92 recombinant inbred lines derived from a cross between Capsicum frutescens acc. 2814-6 and C. annuum var. NuMexRNAKY...
  23. Osorio S, Alba R, Nikoloski Z, Kochevenko A, Fernie A, Giovannoni J. Integrative comparative analyses of transcript and metabolite profiles from pepper and tomato ripening and development stages uncovers species-specific patterns of network regulatory behavior. Plant Physiol. 2012;159:1713-29 pubmed publisher
    ..and heterologous microarray hybridization assays in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum; climacteric) and pepper (Capsicum chilense; nonclimacteric) fruits across development and ripening...
  24. Zimmer A, Leonardi B, Miron D, Schapoval E, Oliveira J, Gosmann G. Antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties of Capsicum baccatum: from traditional use to scientific approach. J Ethnopharmacol. 2012;139:228-33 pubmed publisher
    Peppers from Capsicum species (Solanaceae) are native to Central and South America, and are commonly used as food and also for a broad variety of medicinal applications.
  25. Borovsky Y, Tadmor Y, Bar E, Meir A, Lewinsohn E, Paran I. Induced mutation in ?-CAROTENE HYDROXYLASE results in accumulation of ?-carotene and conversion of red to orange color in pepper fruit. Theor Appl Genet. 2013;126:557-65 pubmed publisher
    ..Moreover, the change in volatile profile may result in a fruit flavor that differs from other pepper cultivars...
  26. Guo W, Chen R, Gong Z, Yin Y, Ahmed S, He Y. Exogenous abscisic acid increases antioxidant enzymes and related gene expression in pepper (Capsicum annuum) leaves subjected to chilling stress. Genet Mol Res. 2012;11:4063-80 pubmed publisher
    ..Overall, the results indicate that exogenous application of ABA increases tolerance of plants to chilling-induced oxidative damage, mainly by enhancing superoxide dismutase and guaiacol peroxidase activities and related gene expression...
  27. Rodriguez Uribe L, Guzman I, Rajapakse W, Richins R, O Connell M. Carotenoid accumulation in orange-pigmented Capsicum annuum fruit, regulated at multiple levels. J Exp Bot. 2012;63:517-26 pubmed publisher
    The pericarp of Capsicum fruit is a rich dietary source of carotenoids. Accumulation of these compounds may be controlled, in part, by gene transcription of biosynthetic enzymes. The carotenoid composition in a number of orange-coloured C...
  28. Seo E, Yeom S, Jo S, Jeong H, Kang B, Choi D. Ectopic expression of Capsicum-specific cell wall protein Capsicum annuum senescence-delaying 1 (CaSD1) delays senescence and induces trichome formation in Nicotiana benthamiana. Mol Cells. 2012;33:415-22 pubmed publisher
    ..In a previous study to understand the roles of secreted proteins, Capsicum annuum secreted proteins (CaS) were isolated by yeast secretion trap...
  29. Kim S, Park M, Yeom S, Kim Y, Lee J, Lee H, et al. Genome sequence of the hot pepper provides insights into the evolution of pungency in Capsicum species. Nat Genet. 2014;46:270-8 pubmed publisher
    Hot pepper (Capsicum annuum), one of the oldest domesticated crops in the Americas, is the most widely grown spice crop in the world. We report whole-genome sequencing and assembly of the hot pepper (Mexican landrace of Capsicum annuum cv...
  30. Kolton M, Green S, Harel Y, Sela N, Elad Y, Cytryn E. Draft genome sequence of Flavobacterium sp. strain F52, isolated from the rhizosphere of bell pepper (Capsicum annuum L. cv. Maccabi). J Bacteriol. 2012;194:5462-3 pubmed publisher
    ..strain F52, isolated from the rhizosphere of bell pepper (Capsicum annuum L. cv. Maccabi). Flavobacterium spp...
  31. Wan H, Yuan W, Ruan M, Ye Q, Wang R, Li Z, et al. Identification of reference genes for reverse transcription quantitative real-time PCR normalization in pepper (Capsicum annuum L.). Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2011;416:24-30 pubmed publisher
    ..Validation of these candidate genes could provide useful guidelines for reference gene selection in qRT-PCR studies in pepper...
  32. Góngora Castillo E, Ibarra Laclette E, Trejo Saavedra D, Rivera Bustamante R. Transcriptome analysis of symptomatic and recovered leaves of geminivirus-infected pepper (Capsicum annuum). Virol J. 2012;9:295 pubmed publisher
    ..of systemically infected plants exhibit a reduction in symptom severity (recovery), has been observed on pepper (Capsicum annuum) plants infected with Pepper golden mosaic virus (PepGMV)...
  33. Ashrafi H, Hill T, Stoffel K, Kozik A, Yao J, Chin Wo S, et al. De novo assembly of the pepper transcriptome (Capsicum annuum): a benchmark for in silico discovery of SNPs, SSRs and candidate genes. BMC Genomics. 2012;13:571 pubmed publisher
    Molecular breeding of pepper (Capsicum spp.) can be accelerated by developing DNA markers associated with transcriptomes in breeding germplasm...
  34. Li Z, Wang S, Gui X, Chang X, Gong Z. A further analysis of the relationship between yellow ripe-fruit color and the capsanthin-capsorubin synthase gene in pepper (Capsicum sp.) indicated a new mutant variant in C. annuum and a tandem repeat structure in promoter region. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e61996 pubmed publisher
    Mature pepper (Capsicum sp.) fruits come in a variety of colors, including red, orange, yellow, brown, and white...
  35. Gómez García M, Ochoa Alejo N. Biochemistry and molecular biology of carotenoid biosynthesis in chili peppers (Capsicum spp.). Int J Mol Sci. 2013;14:19025-53 pubmed publisher
    b>Capsicum species produce fruits that synthesize and accumulate carotenoid pigments, which are responsible for the fruits' yellow, orange and red colors...
  36. Hill T, Ashrafi H, Reyes Chin Wo S, Yao J, Stoffel K, Truco M, et al. Characterization of Capsicum annuum genetic diversity and population structure based on parallel polymorphism discovery with a 30K unigene Pepper GeneChip. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e56200 pubmed publisher
    The widely cultivated pepper, Capsicum spp., important as a vegetable and spice crop world-wide, is one of the most diverse crops...
  37. Lu F, Kwon S, Yoon M, Kim K, Cho M, Yoon M, et al. SNP marker integration and QTL analysis of 12 agronomic and morphological traits in F? RILs of pepper (Capsicum annuum L.). Mol Cells. 2012;34:25-34 pubmed publisher
    Red pepper, Capsicum annuum L., has been attracting geneticists' and breeders' attention as one of the important agronomic crops...
  38. Dewhirst S, Birkett M, Loza Reyes E, Martin J, Pye B, Smart L, et al. Activation of defence in sweet pepper, Capsicum annum, by cis-jasmone, and its impact on aphid and aphid parasitoid behaviour. Pest Manag Sci. 2012;68:1419-29 pubmed publisher
    Two important pests of the sweet pepper, Capsicum annuum, are the peach potato aphid, Myzus persicae, and the glasshouse potato aphid, Aulacorthum solani. Current aphid control measures include the use of biological control agents, i.e...
  39. Jäpelt R, Silvestro D, Smedsgaard J, Jensen P, Jakobsen J. Quantification of vitamin D3 and its hydroxylated metabolites in waxy leaf nightshade (Solanum glaucophyllum Desf.), tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) and bell pepper (Capsicum annuum L.). Food Chem. 2013;138:1206-11 pubmed publisher
    ..Solanum lycopersicum L. and Capsicum annuum L...
  40. Jeong W, Jin J, Cho Y, Lee J, Park S, Jeong S, et al. Determination of polyphenols in three Capsicum annuum L. (bell pepper) varieties using high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry: their contribution to overall antioxidant and anticancer activity. J Sep Sci. 2011;34:2967-74 pubmed publisher
    ..annuum L. cv. Cupra and C. annuum L. cv. Orange glory. The high activities of CLST were attributed to the much higher concentration of quercetin derivatives in CLST...
  41. Lee S, Choi D. Comparative transcriptome analysis of pepper (Capsicum annuum) revealed common regulons in multiple stress conditions and hormone treatments. Plant Cell Rep. 2013;32:1351-9 pubmed publisher
    ..This study revealed that there are complex regulons in pepper plant to both biotic and abiotic stress conditions...
  42. Hamada H, Tomita R, Iwadate Y, Kobayashi K, Munemura I, Takeuchi S, et al. Cooperative effect of two amino acid mutations in the coat protein of Pepper mild mottle virus overcomes L3-mediated resistance in Capsicum plants. Virus Genes. 2007;34:205-14 pubmed
    ..to valine at position 66 (G66V), as compared with PMMoV-J, which induces a resistance response in L3-harboring Capsicum plants...
  43. Anaya López J, López Meza J, Baizabal Aguirre V, Cano Camacho H, Ochoa Zarzosa A. Fungicidal and cytotoxic activity of a Capsicum chinense defensin expressed by endothelial cells. Biotechnol Lett. 2006;28:1101-8 pubmed
    ..The mRNA for gamma-thionin, a defensin from Capsicum chinense, has been expressed in bovine endothelial cells...
  44. Kim D, Kang J, Kim B. Isolation and characterization of the cytoplasmic male sterility-associated orf456 gene of chili pepper (Capsicum annuum L.). Plant Mol Biol. 2007;63:519-32 pubmed
    ..conducted to detect the presence of differing band patterns between male fertile and CMS lines of chili pepper (Capsicum annuum L.). In the CMS pepper, a novel ORF, termed orf456, was found at the 3'-end of the coxll gene...
  45. Kim D, Kim D, Yoo J, Kim B. Cleaved amplified polymorphic sequence and amplified fragment length polymorphism markers linked to the fertility restorer gene in chili pepper (Capsicum annuum L.). Mol Cells. 2006;21:135-40 pubmed
    ..In this study, Rf-linked molecular markers in pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) were detected by bulked segregant analysis of eight amplified fragment length polymorphisms (AFLPs)...
  46. Zhang B, Bai Z, Hoefel D, Tang L, Wang X, Li B, et al. The impacts of cypermethrin pesticide application on the non-target microbial community of the pepper plant phyllosphere. Sci Total Environ. 2009;407:1915-22 pubmed publisher
  47. Marame F, Desalegne L, Fininsa C, Sigvald R. Genetic analysis for some plant and fruit traits, and its implication for a breeding program of hot pepper (Capsicum annuum var. annuum L.). Hereditas. 2009;146:131-40 pubmed publisher
    ..Nevertheless, it is doubtful whether selection efforts within the current set of hot pepper parents would be beneficial to achieve superior fruit traits for developing new varieties. ..
  48. Tsou M, Lu H, Chen S, Wu L, Chen Y, Kuo H, et al. Involvement of Bax, Bcl-2, Ca2+ and caspase-3 in capsaicin-induced apoptosis of human leukemia HL-60 cells. Anticancer Res. 2006;26:1965-71 pubmed
    ..Capsaicin-induced apoptosis was time-and dose-dependent. These results suggest that the capsaicin-induced apoptosis of HL-60 cells may result from the activation of caspase-3 and the intracellular Ca2+ release pathway. ..
  49. Kim O, Cho M, Kim B, Huh J. A splicing mutation in the gene encoding phytoene synthase causes orange coloration in Habanero pepper fruits. Mol Cells. 2010;30:569-74 pubmed publisher
    Peppers (Capsicum spp.) display a variety of fruit colors that are reflected by the composition and amount of diverse carotenoid pigments accumulated in the pericarp...
  50. Pag n I, Betancourt M, de Miguel J, Pi ero D, Fraile A, Garc a Arenal F. Genomic and biological characterization of chiltepín yellow mosaic virus, a new tymovirus infecting Capsicum annuum var. aviculare in Mexico. Arch Virol. 2010;155:675-84 pubmed publisher
    ..the complete genomic nucleotide sequence of a new tymovirus species infecting chiltepin, the wild ancestor of Capsicum annuum pepper crops, in Mexico was determined, and its host range has been explored...
  51. Ma L, Zhang G, Gerner Smidt P, Tauxe R, Doyle M. Survival and growth of Salmonella in salsa and related ingredients. J Food Prot. 2010;73:434-44 pubmed
    ..These results highlight the importance of preharvest pathogen contamination control of fresh produce and proper formulation and storage of salsa...
  52. Lee S, Yun S. The ozone stress transcriptome of pepper (Capsicum annuum L.). Mol Cells. 2006;21:197-205 pubmed
    ..cDNA microarrays to monitor the transcriptome of ozone stress-regulated genes (ORGs) in two pepper cultivars [Capsicum annuum cv. Dabotop (ozone-sensitive) and Capsicum annuum cv. Buchon (ozone-tolerant)]...
  53. Weintraub P. Integrated control of pests in tropical and subtropical sweet pepper production. Pest Manag Sci. 2007;63:753-60 pubmed
    ..However, certain other pest populations are exacerbated by this IPM tactic. This paper reviews the primary pests and current control tactics in sweet pepper. ..
  54. Meghvansi M, Siddiqui S, Khan M, Gupta V, Vairale M, Gogoi H, et al. Naga chilli: a potential source of capsaicinoids with broad-spectrum ethnopharmacological applications. J Ethnopharmacol. 2010;132:1-14 pubmed publisher
    b>Capsicum species are not only cultivated as vegetable and condiment crops but are also incorporated into a number of medicinal preparations in the ancient literature around the world...
  55. Aza González C, Núñez Palenius H, Ochoa Alejo N. Molecular biology of capsaicinoid biosynthesis in chili pepper (Capsicum spp.). Plant Cell Rep. 2011;30:695-706 pubmed publisher
    b>Capsicum species produce fruits that synthesize and accumulate unique hot compounds known as capsaicinoids in placental tissues...
  56. Kim H, Baek K, Lee S, Kim J, Lee B, Cho H, et al. Pepper EST database: comprehensive in silico tool for analyzing the chili pepper (Capsicum annuum) transcriptome. BMC Plant Biol. 2008;8:101 pubmed publisher
    There is no dedicated database available for Expressed Sequence Tags (EST) of the chili pepper (Capsicum annuum), although the interest in a chili pepper EST database is increasing internationally due to the nutritional, economic, and ..
  57. Ogasawara S, Abe K, Nakajima T. Pepper beta-galactosidase 1 (PBG1) plays a significant role in fruit ripening in bell pepper (Capsicum annuum). Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2007;71:309-22 pubmed publisher
    During bell pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) fruit ripening, beta-galactosidase activity increased markedly as compared with other glycosidases. We purified 77...
  58. García Neria M, Rivera Bustamante R. Characterization of Geminivirus resistance in an accession of Capsicum chinense Jacq. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2011;24:172-82 pubmed publisher
    ..huasteco yellow vein virus (PHYVV), members of the Geminiviridae family, are important pathogens of pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) and other solanaceous crops. Accession BG-3821 of C. chinense Jacq...
  59. Kim H, Baek K, Lee B, Choi D, Hur C. In silico identification and characterization of microRNAs and their putative target genes in Solanaceae plants. Genome. 2011;54:91-8 pubmed publisher
    ..of EST data of Solanaceae species revealed the presence of at least 11 miRNAs and 54 target genes in pepper (Capsicum annuum L.), 22 miRNAs and 221 target genes in potato (Solanum tuberosum L...
  60. Yi G, Lee J, Lee S, Choi D, Kim B. Exploitation of pepper EST-SSRs and an SSR-based linkage map. Theor Appl Genet. 2006;114:113-30 pubmed
    ..513 SSRs (63.1%) were successfully amplified and 150 of them (29.2%) showed polymorphism between Capsicum annuum 'TF68' and C. chinense 'Habanero'...
  61. Kim K, Kim K, Hwang K, Park C. Capsicum plaster at the Hegu point reduces postoperative analgesic requirement after orthognathic surgery. Anesth Analg. 2009;108:992-6 pubmed publisher
    b>Capsicum plaster at classical Chinese acupoints is an alternative to acupuncture, which has been used as an effective method for preventing postoperative nausea and vomiting, sore throat, and pain...
  62. Flores P, Fenoll J, Hellin P. The feasibility of using delta15N and delta13C values for discriminating between conventionally and organically fertilized pepper (Capsicum annuum L.). J Agric Food Chem. 2007;55:5740-5 pubmed
    ..On the other hand, delta13C values did not contribute any additional information for discriminating between the organically and the synthetically and organically fertilized peppers...
  63. Hervert Hernández D, Sáyago Ayerdi S, Goñi I. Bioactive compounds of four hot pepper varieties (Capsicum annuum L.), antioxidant capacity, and intestinal bioaccessibility. J Agric Food Chem. 2010;58:3399-406 pubmed publisher
    Pepper fruits (Capsicum annuum) contain a wide array of phytochemicals with well-known antioxidant properties...
  64. Stellari G, Mazourek M, Jahn M. Contrasting modes for loss of pungency between cultivated and wild species of Capsicum. Heredity (Edinb). 2010;104:460-71 pubmed publisher
    Studies documenting the inheritance of pungency or 'heat' in pepper (Capsicum spp...
  65. Park S, Kang K, Lee K, Choi D, Kim Y, Back K. Induction of serotonin biosynthesis is uncoupled from the coordinated induction of tryptophan biosynthesis in pepper fruits (Capsicum annuum) upon pathogen infection. Planta. 2009;230:1197-206 pubmed publisher
    ..a rate-limiting role in serotonin biosynthesis, two TDC genes, PepTDC1 and PepTDC2, were cloned from pepper (Capsicum annuum L...
  66. Hwang J, Li J, Liu W, An S, Cho H, Her N, et al. Double mutations in eIF4E and eIFiso4E confer recessive resistance to Chilli veinal mottle virus in pepper. Mol Cells. 2009;27:329-36 pubmed publisher
    ..infection in pepper, we conducted a genetic analysis using a segregating population derived from a cross between Capsicum annuum 'Dempsey' containing an eIF4E mutation (pvr1(2)) and C...
  67. Matsumoto K, Sawada H, Matsumoto K, Hamada H, Yoshimoto E, Ito T, et al. The coat protein gene of tobamovirus P 0 pathotype is a determinant for activation of temperature-insensitive L 1a-gene-mediated resistance in Capsicum plants. Arch Virol. 2008;153:645-50 pubmed publisher
    Tobamovirus resistance in Capsicum plants, which is mediated by L genes (L(1), L(2), L(3) or L(4)), is known to be temperature sensitive...
  68. Kang S, Cho H, Cheong H, Ryu C, Kim J, Park S. Two bacterial entophytes eliciting both plant growth promotion and plant defense on pepper (Capsicum annuum L.). J Microbiol Biotechnol. 2007;17:96-103 pubmed
    ..9% and 41.5%, respectively. The two strains also elicited induced systemic resistance of plants against Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. vesicatoria...
  69. Paran I, van der Knaap E. Genetic and molecular regulation of fruit and plant domestication traits in tomato and pepper. J Exp Bot. 2007;58:3841-52 pubmed
  70. Lee H, Bae I, Park S, Kim H, Min W, Han J, et al. Construction of an integrated pepper map using RFLP, SSR, CAPS, AFLP, WRKY, rRAMP, and BAC end sequences. Mol Cells. 2009;27:21-37 pubmed publisher
    ..The integrated map contained four genetic maps of two interspecific (Capsicum annuum 'TF68' and C. chinense 'Habanero') and two intraspecific (C. annuum 'CM334' and C...
  71. Stergiopoulou T, De Lucca A, Meletiadis J, Sein T, Boue S, Schaufele R, et al. In vitro activity of CAY-1, a saponin from Capsicum frutescens, against Microsporum and Trichophyton species. Med Mycol. 2008;46:805-10 pubmed publisher
    ..In previous studies, the saponin CAY-1 from cayenne pepper (Capsicum frutescens), has shown antifungal activities against Candida albicans and Aspergillus spp...
  72. Spiller F, Alves M, Vieira S, Carvalho T, Leite C, Lunardelli A, et al. Anti-inflammatory effects of red pepper (Capsicum baccatum) on carrageenan- and antigen-induced inflammation. J Pharm Pharmacol. 2008;60:473-8 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Capsicum baccatum L. var. pendulum (Willd...
  73. Ha S, Kim J, Park J, Lee S, Cho K. A comparison of the carotenoid accumulation in Capsicum varieties that show different ripening colours: deletion of the capsanthin-capsorubin synthase gene is not a prerequisite for the formation of a yellow pepper. J Exp Bot. 2007;58:3135-44 pubmed
    Ripe pepper (Capsicum sp.) fruits can display a range of colours from white to deep red...