santalum

Summary

Summary: A plant genus of the family SANTALACEAE which is the source of sandalwood oil.

Top Publications

  1. Chen F. [Cuttage of Santalum album]. Zhong Yao Cai. 1999;22:109-11 pubmed
  2. Howes M, Simmonds M, Kite G. Evaluation of the quality of sandalwood essential oils by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. J Chromatogr A. 2004;1028:307-12 pubmed
    ..and historic oils from 'sandalwoods', labelled as Amyris balsamifera, Eremophila mitchelli, Fusanus acuminatus (= Santalum acuminatum), Santalum album, S. austrocaledonicum, S. latifolium, S. spicatum and S...
  3. Kreipl A, König W. Sesquiterpenes from the east African sandalwood Osyris tenuifolia. Phytochemistry. 2004;65:2045-9 pubmed
    ..Two of the new compounds--tenuifolene (17) and ar-tenuifolene (15)--show a new sesquiterpene backbone. 2,(7Z,10Z)-Bisabolatrien-13-ol (23) and the cyclic ether lanceoloxide (21) belong to the bisabolanes...
  4. Jones C, Keeling C, Ghisalberti E, Barbour E, Plummer J, Bohlmann J. Isolation of cDNAs and functional characterisation of two multi-product terpene synthase enzymes from sandalwood, Santalum album L. Arch Biochem Biophys. 2008;477:121-30 pubmed publisher
    Sandalwood, Santalum album (Santalaceae) is a small hemi-parasitic tropical tree of great economic value...
  5. Matsuo Y, Mimaki Y. Lignans from Santalum album and their cytotoxic activities. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 2010;58:587-90 pubmed
    ..7R,8R)-5-O-demethylbilagrewin (1), together with four known lignans (2-5), were isolated from the heartwood of Santalum album (Santalaceae). The structure of 1 was determined by analysis of extensive spectroscopic data...
  6. Jones C, Moniodis J, Zulak K, Scaffidi A, Plummer J, Ghisalberti E, et al. Sandalwood fragrance biosynthesis involves sesquiterpene synthases of both the terpene synthase (TPS)-a and TPS-b subfamilies, including santalene synthases. J Biol Chem. 2011;286:17445-54 pubmed publisher
    ..orthologous terpene synthase (TPS) genes SaSSy, SauSSy, and SspiSSy from three divergent sandalwood species; Santalum album, S. austrocaledonicum, and S. spicatum, respectively...
  7. Byrne M, MacDonald B, Broadhurst L, Brand J. Regional genetic differentiation in Western Australian sandalwood (Santalum spicatum) as revealed by nuclear RFLP analysis. Theor Appl Genet. 2003;107:1208-14 pubmed
    Western Australian sandalwood, Santalum spicatum, is widespread in the semi-arid and arid regions of Western Australia, and there is some morphological variation suggestive of two ecotypes...
  8. Muratore A, Clinet J, Duñach E. Synthesis of new exo- and endo-3,8-dihydro-beta-santalols and other norbornyl-derived alcohols. Chem Biodivers. 2010;7:623-38 pubmed publisher
    ..Several other exo- and endo-norbornyl alcohols with shorter side chains were also prepared in high yields. The olfactory evaluation indicated woody, sandalwood, as well as fruity notes for some of the derivatives...
  9. Lhuillier E, Butaud J, Bouvet J. Extensive clonality and strong differentiation in the insular pacific tree Santalum insulare: implications for its conservation. Ann Bot. 2006;98:1061-72 pubmed
    ..Patterns of molecular diversity were analysed in an island system with Santalum insulare, a sandalwood species endemic to eastern Polynesia...

More Information

Publications80

  1. Matsuo Y, Mimaki Y. ?-Santalol derivatives from Santalum album and their cytotoxic activities. Phytochemistry. 2012;77:304-11 pubmed publisher
    A bioassay-guided fractionation of the heartwood of Santalum album led to the isolation of seven ?-santalol derivatives including (9S,10E)-9-hydroxy-?-santalal, (10R,11S)-10,11-dihydroxy-?-santalol, (9E)-11,13-dihydroxy-?-santalol, and (..
  2. Daramwar P, Srivastava P, Priyadarshini B, Thulasiram H. Preparative separation of ?- and ?-santalenes and (Z)-?- and (Z)-?-santalols using silver nitrate-impregnated silica gel medium pressure liquid chromatography and analysis of sandalwood oil. Analyst. 2012;137:4564-70 pubmed publisher
    ..u.)...
  3. Bottin L, Verhaegen D, Tassin J, Olivieri I, Vaillant A, Bouvet J. Genetic diversity and population structure of an insular tree, Santalum austrocaledonicum in New Caledonian archipelago. Mol Ecol. 2005;14:1979-89 pubmed
    We present a study of the genetic diversity and structure of a tropical tree in an insular system. Santalum austrocaledonicum is endemic to the archipelago of New Caledonia and is exploited for oil extraction from heartwood...
  4. Ortiz C, Morales L, Sastre M, Haskins W, Matta J. Cytotoxicity and Genotoxicity Assessment of Sandalwood Essential Oil in Human Breast Cell Lines MCF-7 and MCF-10A. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2016;2016:3696232 pubmed publisher
    Sandalwood essential oil (SEO) is extracted from Santalum trees...
  5. Dyer J, Cleary L, McNeill S, Ragsdale Lowe M, Osland C. The use of aromasticks to help with sleep problems: A patient experience survey. Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2016;22:51-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Bergamot (Citrus bergamia) and sandalwood (Santalum austrocaladonicum); and frankincense (Boswellia carterii), mandarin (Citrus reticulata) and lavender (Lavandula ..
  6. Geier J, Uter W. [Diagnostic workup of fragrance allergy]. Hautarzt. 2015;66:674-9 pubmed publisher
    ..furfuracea), ylang ylang oil (I + II; Cananga odorata), lemongrass oil (Cymbopogon schoenanthus), sandalwood oil (Santalum album), jasmine absolute (Jasminum spp...
  7. Mahesh H, Subba P, Advani J, Shirke M, Loganathan R, Chandana S, et al. Multi-Omics Driven Assembly and Annotation of the Sandalwood (Santalum album) Genome. Plant Physiol. 2018;176:2772-2788 pubmed publisher
    Indian sandalwood (Santalum album) is an important tropical evergreen tree known for its fragrant heartwood-derived essential oil and its valuable carving wood...
  8. Rivera D, Verde A, Obón C, Alcaraz F, Moreno C, Egea T, et al. Is there nothing new under the sun? The influence of herbals and pharmacopoeias on ethnobotanical traditions in Albacete (Spain). J Ethnopharmacol. 2017;195:96-117 pubmed publisher
    ..bark of Cinnamomum verum, leaves and fruits of Olea europaea, mastic generally of Pistacia lentiscus, and wood of Santalum album...
  9. Moniodis J, Jones C, Renton M, Plummer J, Barbour E, Ghisalberti E, et al. Sesquiterpene Variation in West Australian Sandalwood (Santalum spicatum). Molecules. 2017;22: pubmed publisher
    West Australian sandalwood (Santalum spicatum) has long been exploited for its fragrant, sesquiterpene-rich heartwood; however sandalwood fragrance qualities vary substantially, which is of interest to the sandalwood industry...
  10. Birkbeck A. The Synthesis of Fragrant Natural Products from Santalum album L.: (+)-(Z)-α-Santalol and (-)-(Z)-β-Santalol. Chimia (Aarau). 2017;71:823-835 pubmed publisher
    ..molecules, lovely examples of nature's exquisite creations, have been isolated from East Indian Sandalwood Oil (Santalum album L.) and have stimulated chemists to develop new and efficient methodologies to synthesize them...
  11. Jost X, Ansel J, Lecellier G, Raharivelomanana P, Butaud J. Ethnobotanical survey of cosmetic plants used in Marquesas Islands (French Polynesia). J Ethnobiol Ethnomed. 2016;12:55 pubmed
    ..Ocimum basilicum, Rauvolfia nukuhivensis and Santalum insulare var. marchionense...
  12. Celedon J, Bohlmann J. Genomics-Based Discovery of Plant Genes for Synthetic Biology of Terpenoid Fragrances: A Case Study in Sandalwood oil Biosynthesis. Methods Enzymol. 2016;576:47-67 pubmed publisher
    ..describe a strategy used successfully for elucidation of a complete fragrance biosynthetic pathway in sandalwood (Santalum album) and its reconstruction in yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)...
  13. Patel D, Fougat R, Sakure A, Kumar S, Kumar M, Mistry J. Detection of genetic variation in sandalwood using various DNA markers. 3 Biotech. 2016;6:55 pubmed publisher
    In the present study, 20 sandalwood (Santalum album L.) genotypes were characterized using RAPD, ISSR and SSR markers...
  14. Kim J, Jang M, Shin E, Kim J, Lee S, Park C. Fumigant and contact toxicity of 22 wooden essential oils and their major components against Drosophila suzukii (Diptera: Drosophilidae). Pestic Biochem Physiol. 2016;133:35-43 pubmed publisher
    ..fragrantissima, Croton anistatum, Illicium verum, Liquidamabar orientalis, Cinnamomum cassia, Rosa damasena, and Santalum album, respectively. In fumigant toxicity test, G. fragrantissima, C. anistatum, and I. verum exhibited 100, 93...
  15. Pick H, Etter S, Baud O, Schmauder R, Bordoli L, Schwede T, et al. Dual activities of odorants on olfactory and nuclear hormone receptors. J Biol Chem. 2009;284:30547-55 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results are therefore useful for defining the structural and functional characteristics of ER-specific odorants and the role of odorant molecules in cellular processes other than olfaction. ..
  16. Schnitzler P, Koch C, Reichling J. Susceptibility of drug-resistant clinical herpes simplex virus type 1 strains to essential oils of ginger, thyme, hyssop, and sandalwood. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2007;51:1859-62 pubmed
    ..All essential oils exhibited high levels of virucidal activity against acyclovir-sensitive strain KOS and acyclovir-resistant HSV-1 clinical isolates and reduced plaque formation significantly. ..
  17. Kim T, Hatano T, Okamoto K, Yoshida T, Kanzaki H, Arita M, et al. Antifungal and Ichthyotoxic Sesquiterpenoids from Santalum album Heartwood. Molecules. 2017;22: pubmed publisher
    In our continuing study on a survey of biologically active natural products from heartwood of Santalum album (Southwest Indian origin), we newly found potent fish toxic activity of an n-hexane soluble extract upon primary ..
  18. Buchbauer G, Stappen I, Pretterklieber C, Wolschann P. Structure-activity relationships of sandalwood odorants: synthesis and odor of tricyclo beta-santalol. Eur J Med Chem. 2004;39:1039-46 pubmed
    ..This modification with a bulky aliphatic bridge in the neighborhood of the quaternary C3-atom demonstrated the sensitivity of sandalwood odor on the structure of beta-santalol analogues. ..
  19. Kim T, Ito H, Hatano T, Hasegawa T, Akiba A, Machiguchi T, et al. Bisabolane- and santalane-type sesquiterpenoids from Santalum album of Indian origin. J Nat Prod. 2005;68:1805-8 pubmed
    ..together with (+)-alpha-nuciferol, (+)-citronellol, and geraniol, were isolated from the heartwood of Santalum album of Indian origin...
  20. Bottin L, Isnard C, Lagrange A, Bouvet J. Comparative molecular and phytochemical study of the tree species Santalum austrocaledonicum (Santalaceae) distributed in the New-Caledonian archipelago. Chem Biodivers. 2007;4:1541-56 pubmed
    ..of phytochemical variation in trees by studying concomitantly the chemical and microsatellite variations in Santalum austrocaledonicum...
  21. Chapado L, Linares Palomino P, Badía C, Salido S, Nogueras M, Sanchez A, et al. Synthesis and olfactory evaluation of bulky moiety-modified analogues to the sandalwood odorant Polysantol. Molecules. 2009;14:2780-800 pubmed publisher
    ..The final compounds were evaluated organoleptically and one of them seemed to be of special interest for its natural sandalwood scent. ..
  22. Paulpandi M, Kannan S, Thangam R, Kaveri K, Gunasekaran P, Rejeeth C. In vitro anti-viral effect of ?-santalol against influenza viral replication. Phytomedicine. 2012;19:231-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Santalol should be further studied for therapeutic and prophylactic potential especially for influenza epidemics and pandemics...
  23. Pick H, Terrettaz S, Baud O, Laribi O, Brisken C, Vogel H. Monitoring proliferative activities of hormone-like odorants in human breast cancer cells by gene transcription profiling and electrical impedance spectroscopy. Biosens Bioelectron. 2013;50:431-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Though ER? exhibits complex regulatory roles our non-invasive approach captures its activity for accelerated screenings of compounds promoting breast cancer cell proliferation expanding the analysis of ER? signaling networks...
  24. Valluri J. Bioreactor production of secondary metabolites from cell cultures of periwinkle and sandalwood. Methods Mol Biol. 2009;547:325-35 pubmed publisher
    ..G.) Don (periwinkle) and Santalum album L. (sandalwood) plant cell suspensions...
  25. Stappen I, Höfinghoff J, Friedl S, Pammer C, Wolschann P, Buchbauer G. Structure-activity relationships of sandalwood odorants: total synthesis and fragrance properties of cyclopropano-beta-santalol. Eur J Med Chem. 2008;43:1525-9 pubmed
  26. Yang T, Chen C, Lin J. Effect of air flow on emission of smoldering incense. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol. 2005;74:456-63 pubmed
  27. Gao Z, Wu Y, Dong Z, Wu W. [Habit and control of pests in Santalum album]. Zhong Yao Cai. 2004;27:549-51 pubmed
    ..Their control methods were presented...
  28. Tewary M, Ahmed I. Bindi dermatitis to 'chandan' bindi. Contact Dermatitis. 2006;55:372-4 pubmed
    ..Stick-on and liquid ranges are both equally in demand. We report a case of bindi dermatitis with 'chandan' (sandalwood) bindi. To our knowledge this is the first report of contact allergic dermatitis to 'chandan' (sandalwood) bindi...
  29. Chapuis C. In the quest for a virtual pseudo receptor for sandalwood-like odorants. Part I: The empirical approach. Chem Biodivers. 2004;1:980-1021 pubmed
    ..This apparently inconclusive empirical concept prompted us to turn our attention towards a computerized methodology, which will constitute the second and third part of this study...
  30. Maguregui M, Alonso R, Barandiaran M, Jimenez R, Garcia N. Micellar electrokinetic chromatography method for the determination of several natural red dyestuff and lake pigments used in art work. J Chromatogr A. 2007;1154:429-36 pubmed
    ..All colorants were separated within less than 13 min with a good baseline resolution. The method was applied to the analysis of paint samples obtained from the Diocesan Museum of Holy Art of Bilbao...
  31. Anil V, Harmon A, Rao K. Temporal association of Ca(2+)-dependent protein kinase with oil bodies during seed development in Santalum album L.: its biochemical characterization and significance. Plant Cell Physiol. 2003;44:367-76 pubmed
    Calcium-dependent protein kinase (CDPK) is expressed in sandalwood (Santalum album L.) seeds under developmental regulation, and it is localized with spherical storage organelles in the endosperm [Anil et al. (2000) Plant Physiol...
  32. Kou Y, Zha X, Li Y, Ge R. [The antioxidative effect of Sanwei Tanxiang powder on rats' hearts against myocardial ischemia and reperfusion injury]. Zhong Yao Cai. 2008;31:1013-5 pubmed
    ..To study the effect of Sanwei Tanxiang powder on myocardial pathologic change, myocardium lipid peroxidation and antioxidation on anesthetized rats' hearts against myocardial ischemia and reperfusion injury...
  33. Page T, Southwell I, Russell M, Tate H, Tungon J, Sam C, et al. Geographic and phenotypic variation in heartwood and essential-oil characters in natural populations of Santalum austrocaledonicum in Vanuatu. Chem Biodivers. 2010;7:1990-2006 pubmed publisher
    Phenotypic variation in heartwood and essential-oil characters of Santalum austrocaledonicum was assessed across eleven populations on seven islands of Vanuatu...
  34. Chuang H, Berube K, Lung S, Bai K, Jones T. Investigation into the oxidative potential generated by the formation of particulate matter from incense combustion. J Hazard Mater. 2013;244-245:142-50 pubmed publisher
    ..1-43.4% oxidative DNA damage. This study demonstrated that the oxidative potential of incense particles appeared to be related to the process of particle formation, and also provided novel data for the respiratory exposure assessment...
  35. Ritchie S, Williams C, Montgomery B. Field evaluation of New Mountain Sandalwood Mosquito Sticks and New Mountain Sandalwood Botanical Repellent against mosquitoes in North Queensland, Australia. J Am Mosq Control Assoc. 2006;22:158-60 pubmed
    ..These data are consistent with other studies of area repellents in that such products provide significant protection from mosquito bites, albeit inferior to the protection provided by topically applied repellents...
  36. Bieri S, Monastyrskaia K, Schilling B. Olfactory receptor neuron profiling using sandalwood odorants. Chem Senses. 2004;29:483-7 pubmed
    ..This is the first study in which an important class of perfume compounds was analyzed for its ability to activate endogenous olfactory receptors in olfactory receptor neurons...
  37. Zhang X, Dwivedi C. Skin cancer chemoprevention by ?-santalol. Front Biosci (Schol Ed). 2011;3:777-87 pubmed
    ..This review summarizes the chemopreventive effects and molecular mechanisms of ?-santalol on skin cancer development in both animal models and skin cancer cell lines...
  38. Rani A, Ravikumar P, Reddy M, Kush A. Molecular regulation of santalol biosynthesis in Santalum album L. Gene. 2013;527:642-8 pubmed publisher
    b>Santalum album L. commonly known as East-Indian sandal or chandan is a hemiparasitic tree of family santalaceae...
  39. Hasegawa T, Izumi H, Yamada H. Structural factors in the odor of alpha-santalol derivatives. Nat Prod Commun. 2013;8:869-71 pubmed
    Alpha-Santalol is a sesquiterpene that is a major constituent of sandalwood (Santalum album L.), and is responsible for its distinctive woody odor...
  40. Lu J, Kang L, Sprent J, Xu D, He X. Two-way transfer of nitrogen between Dalbergia odorifera and its hemiparasite Santalum album is enhanced when the host is effectively nodulated and fixing nitrogen. Tree Physiol. 2013;33:464-74 pubmed publisher
    ..Chen nodulated with Bradyrhizobium elkanii DG and its hemiparasite Santalum album Linn. was examined by external (15)N labeling in a pot study...
  41. Fujisaki R, Kamei K, Yamamura M, Nishiya H, Inouye S, Takahashi M, et al. In vitro and in vivo anti-plasmodial activity of essential oils, including hinokitiol. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 2012;43:270-9 pubmed
    ..Caraway oil and hinokitiol dissolved in carrier oil, applied to the skin of hairless mice caused high levels in the blood, with concentrations exceeding their IC50 values. ..
  42. Höfinghoff J, Buchbauer G, Holzer W, Wolschann P. Syntheses and odor of "bulky group"-modified sandalwood odorants: isophorono-beta-santalol analogues. Eur J Med Chem. 2006;41:905-13 pubmed
    ..The environs of the crowded trimethylcyclohexene nucleus demonstrate the sensitivity of sandalwood odor on the shape of the hydrophobic, bulky part of beta-santalol analogues...
  43. Diaz Chavez M, Moniodis J, Madilao L, Jancsik S, Keeling C, Barbour E, et al. Biosynthesis of Sandalwood Oil: Santalum album CYP76F cytochromes P450 produce santalols and bergamotol. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e75053 pubmed publisher
    ..Extracted from the mature heartwood of several Santalum species, sandalwood oil is comprised mainly of sesquiterpene olefins and alcohols...
  44. Teixeira da Silva J, Kher M, Soner D, Page T, Zhang X, Nataraj M, et al. Sandalwood: basic biology, tissue culture, and genetic transformation. Planta. 2016;243:847-87 pubmed publisher
    Sustainable resource preservation of Santalum species that yield commercially important forest products is needed...
  45. Sciarrone D, Costa R, Ragonese C, Tranchida P, Tedone L, Santi L, et al. Application of a multidimensional gas chromatography system with simultaneous mass spectrometric and flame ionization detection to the analysis of sandalwood oil. J Chromatogr A. 2011;1218:137-42 pubmed publisher
    ..A great advantage of the instrumental configuration herein discussed, is represented by the fact that identification and quantitation of target analytes are carried out in one step, without the need to perform two separate analyses...
  46. Wu C, Wang X. Preliminary research on the identification system for anthracnose and powdery mildew of sandalwood leaf based on image processing. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0181537 pubmed publisher
  47. Kovatcheva A, Golbraikh A, Oloff S, Feng J, Zheng W, Tropsha A. QSAR modeling of datasets with enantioselective compounds using chirality sensitive molecular descriptors. SAR QSAR Environ Res. 2005;16:93-102 pubmed
  48. Koch C, Reichling J, Schneele J, Schnitzler P. Inhibitory effect of essential oils against herpes simplex virus type 2. Phytomedicine. 2008;15:71-8 pubmed
    ..Camomile oil exhibited a high selectivity index and seems to be a promising candidate for topical therapeutic application as virucidal agents for treatment of herpes genitalis...
  49. Spafford H, Jardine A, Carver S, Tarala K, Van Wees M, Weinstein P. Laboratory determination of efficacy of a Santalum spicatum extract for mosquito control. J Am Mosq Control Assoc. 2007;23:304-11 pubmed
    The activity of QN50, a sequiterpene alcohol derived from Australian sandalwood (Santalum spicatum), was tested for its effectiveness against larvae of 2 mosquito species (Culex molestus and Aedes camptorhynchus [Diptera: Culicidael), ..
  50. Yan C, Liu H, Lin L. Simultaneous determination of vitexin and isovitexin in rat plasma after oral administration of Santalum album L. leaves extract by liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry. Biomed Chromatogr. 2013;27:228-32 pubmed publisher
    ..3 and 97.3%. The robust LC-MS/MS method was further applied in the pharmacokinetic study in Sprague-Dawley rats after oral administration of Santalum album L. leaves extract at a dose of 116 mg/kg.
  51. Zhang X, Teixeira da Silva J, Duan J, Deng R, Xu X, Ma G. Endogenous hormone levels and anatomical characters of haustoria in Santalum album L. seedlings before and after attachment to the host. J Plant Physiol. 2012;169:859-66 pubmed publisher
    The physiological and anatomical attributes of haustoria tissues in hemi-parasitic Santalum album L. seedlings, growing on the potential host, Kuhnia rosmarnifolia Vent., were investigated before and after attachment to the host...
  52. Li Y. [Preliminary studies on grafting of Santalum album]. Zhong Yao Cai. 1997;20:543-5 pubmed
    With the purpose of propagating high production Clone of Santalum album, the best season and practical method of grafting, and the selection of shoots for scion are studied...
  53. Hood J, Cavanagh H, Wilkinson J. Effect of essential oil concentration on the pH of nutrient and Iso-sensitest broth. Phytother Res. 2004;18:947-9 pubmed
    ..The effect of four essential oils: Backhousia citriodora, Melaleuca alternifolia, Lavandula angustifolia and Santalum spicatum (0...
  54. Stappen I, Höfinghoff J, Buchbauer G, Wolschann P. Structure-activity relationships of sandalwood odorants: synthesis of a new campholene derivative. Nat Prod Commun. 2010;5:1343-8 pubmed
  55. Heuberger E, Hongratanaworakit T, Buchbauer G. East Indian Sandalwood and alpha-santalol odor increase physiological and self-rated arousal in humans. Planta Med. 2006;72:792-800 pubmed
    ..Correlation analyses revealed that these effects are mainly due to perceived odor quality. The results suggest a relation between differences in perceived odor quality and differences in arousal level...
  56. Lin L, Wei M, Xiao S, Xu X, Hu Z, Qiu J, et al. [The influence of external stimulation on content and quality of volatile oil in Lignun Santali albi]. Zhong Yao Cai. 2000;23:152-4 pubmed
    ..The results showed that the content of volatile oil is 2.34% in the heart wood formed in 10 years tree age of Santalum album (SA) after 2 years stimulation continuously with a definite concentration of hormone, which is near to the ..
  57. Sharma M, Levenson C, Bell R, Anderson S, Hudson J, Collins C, et al. Suppression of lipopolysaccharide-stimulated cytokine/chemokine production in skin cells by sandalwood oils and purified ?-santalol and ?-santalol. Phytother Res. 2014;28:925-32 pubmed publisher
  58. Ochi T, Shibata H, Higuti T, Kodama K, Kusumi T, Takaishi Y. Anti-Helicobacter pylori compounds from Santalum album. J Nat Prod. 2005;68:819-24 pubmed
    ..7), (Z)-beta-santalol (8), (Z)-lanceol (9), alpha-santaldiol (10), and beta-santaldiol (11), were isolated from Santalum album, by using bioassay-guided fractionation for Helicobacter pylori...
  59. Tu X, Ling F, Huang A, Zhang Q, Wang G. Anthelmintic efficacy of Santalum album (Santalaceae) against monogenean infections in goldfish. Parasitol Res. 2013;112:2839-45 pubmed publisher
    ..This study explored the possibility of using the extracts of Santalum album to treat Dactylogyrus sp. and Gyrodactylus sp. infections in goldfish...
  60. Kim T, Ito H, Hayashi K, Hasegawa T, Machiguchi T, Yoshida T. Aromatic constituents from the heartwood of Santalum album L. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 2005;53:641-4 pubmed
    A phytochemical investigation of the polar constituents in the heartwood of Indian Santalum album L. resulted in the isolation of three new neolignans (1-3) and a new aromatic ester (4), along with 14 known components...
  61. Zhang X, da Silva J, Jia Y, Zhao J, Ma G. Chemical composition of volatile oils from the pericarps of Indian sandalwood (Santalum album) by different extraction methods. Nat Prod Commun. 2012;7:93-6 pubmed
    The chemical composition of volatile compounds from pericarp oils of Indian sandalwood, Santalum album L., isolated by hydrodistillation and solvent extraction, were analyzed by GC and GC-MS. The pericarps yielded 2.6 and 5...
  62. Sabroe R, Holden C, Gawkrodger D. Contact allergy to essential oils cannot always be predicted from allergy to fragrance markers in the baseline series. Contact Dermatitis. 2016;74:236-41 pubmed publisher
    ..oil, 2 of 7 reactions to Cymbopogon flexuosus oil, 1 of 5 reactions to Cananga odorata oil, 3 of 4 reactions to Santalum album oil and 2 of 3 reactions to Mentha piperita oil would have been missed without individual testing...
  63. Muratore A, Duñach E, Clinet J, Plessis C. New norbornyl derivatives as woody fragrant materials. Chem Biodivers. 2008;5:1099-114 pubmed publisher
    ..Employing this new ketone as starting material, derivatives with new woody odor notes as well as attempts to obtain ambery-musky odorants are reported...
  64. Jones C, Ghisalberti E, Plummer J, Barbour E. Quantitative co-occurrence of sesquiterpenes; a tool for elucidating their biosynthesis in Indian sandalwood, Santalum album. Phytochemistry. 2006;67:2463-8 pubmed
    ..was used to investigate biosynthetic relationships between heartwood sesquiterpenes in Indian sandalwood, Santalum album L...
  65. Watcharananun W, Cadwallader K, Huangrak K, Kim H, Lorjaroenphon Y. Identification of predominant odorants in thai desserts flavored by smoking with "Tian Op", a traditional Thai scented candle. J Agric Food Chem. 2009;57:996-1005 pubmed publisher
  66. Kulkarni C, Joglekar M, Patil S, Arvindekar A. Antihyperglycemic and antihyperlipidemic effect of Santalum album in streptozotocin induced diabetic rats. Pharm Biol. 2012;50:360-5 pubmed publisher
    b>Santalum album Linn (Santalaceae), commonly known as Sandalwood is used traditionally for its antihyperlipidemic and diuretic activity.
  67. Hongratanaworakit T, Heuberger E, Buchbauer G. Evaluation of the effects of East Indian sandalwood oil and alpha-santalol on humans after transdermal absorption. Planta Med. 2004;70:3-7 pubmed
    The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of East Indian sandalwood oil ( Santalum album, Santalaceae) and alpha-santalol on physiological parameters as well as on mental and emotional conditions in healthy human subjects after ..
  68. Zhang Q, Tang Y, Wang R, Wang S, Fang M, Zhang Y, et al. [Effect of Santalum album on tissue distribution of danshensu in rabbits by HPLC]. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2009;34:1968-70 pubmed
    To investigate the influence of Shi herb (Santalum album, SA) to the tissue distribution of danshensu (DSS) which is the main hydrosoluble component of Jun herb (Salvia miltiorrhiza, SM) in rabbits by HPLC.
  69. Wu Y, Zhang Y, Xie G, Zhao A, Pan X, Chen T, et al. The metabolic responses to aerial diffusion of essential oils. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e44830 pubmed publisher
  70. Yan C, Lin L, Liu H, Lin Z, Chen P, Cai C, et al. [Study of flavonoids from leaves of Santalum album]. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2011;36:3130-3 pubmed
    To study the flavonoids from the leaves of Santalum album.
  71. Li G, Singh A, Liu Y, Sunderland B, Li D. Comparative effects of sandalwood seed oil on fatty acid profiles and inflammatory factors in rats. Lipids. 2013;48:105-13 pubmed publisher
    ..The present results suggest that sandalwood seed oil could increase tissue levels of n-3 PUFA, DHA and reduce the n-6:n-3 ratio, and may increase the anti-inflammatory activity in rats...