Summary: A plant family of the order Salicales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. The leaves are alternate and simple. Staminate (male) flowers consist of from one to many stamens. Pistillate (female) flowers consist of a one-chambered ovary with several to many ovules (potential silky seeds).

Top Publications

  1. Seiwa K, Kikuzawa K, Kadowaki T, Akasaka S, Ueno N. Shoot life span in relation to successional status in deciduous broad-leaved tree species in a temperate forest. New Phytol. 2006;169:537-48 pubmed
    ..In Salicaceae, all of which were early successional species, shoot life span was longer in mountainous than in riparian ..
  2. Marmiroli M, Pietrini F, Maestri E, Zacchini M, Marmiroli N, Massacci A. Growth, physiological and molecular traits in Salicaceae trees investigated for phytoremediation of heavy metals and organics. Tree Physiol. 2011;31:1319-34 pubmed publisher
    ..Populus and Salix spp., two genera belonging to the Salicaceae family, include genotypes that can be considered among the candidates for this phytoremediation approach...
  3. Boeckler G, Gershenzon J, Unsicker S. Phenolic glycosides of the Salicaceae and their role as anti-herbivore defenses. Phytochemistry. 2011;72:1497-509 pubmed publisher
    Since the 19th century the phytochemistry of the Salicaceae has been systematically investigated, initially for pharmaceutical and later for ecological reasons...
  4. Li H, Zhang A, Chen L, Zhang G, Wang M. Construction and analysis of cDNA libraries from the antennae of Batocera horsfieldi and expression pattern of putative odorant binding proteins. J Insect Sci. 2014;14:57 pubmed publisher
    ..longhorned beetle, Batocera horsfieldi (Hope) (Coleoptera: Cerambycidae), a serious pest of Populus (Salicales: Salicaceae). The titer was approximately 2.37 × 106 pfu/mL, and this complies with the test requirement...
  5. Tian Z, Zhang F, Cai Z, Chen S. Development of polymorphic microsatellite markers based on expressed sequence tags in Populus cathayana (Salicaceae). Genet Mol Res. 2016;15: pubmed publisher
    ..The observed heterozygosity ranged from 0.000 to 1.000, and the null-allele frequency ranged from 0.000 to 0.904. These microsatellite markers may be a useful tool in genetic studies on P. cathayana and closely related species. ..
  6. Hage S, Morlock G. Bioprofiling of Salicaceae bud extracts through high-performance thin-layer chromatography hyphenated to biochemical, microbiological and chemical detections. J Chromatogr A. 2017;1490:201-211 pubmed publisher
    The buds of poplars (Populus L.) and willows (Salix L.), both from the same family (Salicaceae Mirbel), are increasingly used in gemmotherapy and importantly contribute to the production of the physiologically active propolis by European ..
  7. Stonis J, Remeikis A, Diskus A, Megoran N. New species of leaf-mining Nepticulidae (Lepidoptera) from the Neotropical and Ando-Patagonian regions, with new data on host plants. Zootaxa. 2017;4272:1-39 pubmed publisher
    ..are reported for the first time as leaf-miners on plants belonging to Euphorbiaceae (Acalypha padifolia Kunth), Salicaceae (Azara microphylla Hook. f.), Fabaceae (Inga spectabilis (Vahl) Willd. or I. edulis Mart...
  8. Turner H, Lieshout N, Van Ginkel W, Menken S. Molecular phylogeny of the small ermine moth genus Yponomeuta (Lepidoptera, Yponomeutidae) in the palaearctic. PLoS ONE. 2010;5:e9933 pubmed publisher
    ..Yponomeutidae) contains 76 species that are specialist feeders on hosts from Celastraceae, Rosaceae, Salicaceae, and several other plant families...
  9. Zhang C, Ma T, Luo W, Xu J, Liu J, Wan D. Identification of 4CL Genes in Desert Poplars and Their Changes in Expression in Response to Salt Stress. Genes (Basel). 2015;6:901-17 pubmed publisher
    ..trichocarpa), but 12 in Salix suchowensis (Salix willow). Phylogenetic analyses clustered all Salicaceae 4CL genes into two clades, and one of them (corresponding to the 4CL-like clade from Arabidopsis) showed signals ..

More Information

Publications121 found, 100 shown here

  1. Hou J, Ye N, Dong Z, Lu M, Li L, Yin T. Major Chromosomal Rearrangements Distinguish Willow and Poplar After the Ancestral "Salicoid" Genome Duplication. Genome Biol Evol. 2016;8:1868-75 pubmed publisher
    Populus (poplar) and Salix (willow) are sister genera in the Salicaceae family. In both lineages extant species are predominantly diploid...
  2. Costa M, Pereira A, Pinheiro J, Zucchi M, Araújo A, Gomes R, et al. Chloroplast diversity of Casearia grandiflora in the Cerrado of Piauí State. Genet Mol Res. 2017;16: pubmed publisher
    Casearia grandiflora (Salicaceae) is a typical Cerrado species adapted to disturbed environments, making it useful for restoration projects...
  3. Feistel F, Paetz C, Menezes R, Veit D, Schneider B. Acylated Quinic Acids Are the Main Salicortin Metabolites in the Lepidopteran Specialist Herbivore Cerura vinula. J Chem Ecol. 2018;44:497-509 pubmed publisher
    Salicortin is a phenolic glucoside produced in Salicaceae as a chemical defense against herbivory. The specialist lepidopteran herbivorous larvae of Cerura vinula are able to overcome this defense...
  4. Braccini C, Vega A, Coll Aráoz M, Teal P, Cerrillo T, Zavala J, et al. Both Volatiles and Cuticular Plant Compounds Determine Oviposition of the Willow Sawfly Nematus oligospilus on Leaves of Salix spp. (Salicaceae). J Chem Ecol. 2015;41:985-96 pubmed publisher
    ..oligospilus: females are attracted to volatiles from a distance, and once alighting on the plant, they seek specific chemical contact cues in order to lay eggs. ..
  5. Pucholt P, Sjödin P, Weih M, Rönnberg Wästljung A, Berlin S. Genome-wide transcriptional and physiological responses to drought stress in leaves and roots of two willow genotypes. BMC Plant Biol. 2015;15:244 pubmed publisher
    ..viminalis × (S. viminalis × S. schwerinii). Willows are woody perennials in the Salicaceae plant family that are grown as bioenergy crops worldwide...
  6. Alcalde Eon C, García Estévez I, Rivas Gonzalo J, Rodríguez de la Cruz D, Escribano Bailon M. Anthocyanins of the anthers as chemotaxonomic markers in the genus Populus L.. Differentiation between Populus nigra, Populus alba and Populus tremula. Phytochemistry. 2016;128:35-49 pubmed publisher
    Three main species of Popululs L. (Salicaceae) have been reported to occur in the Iberian Peninsula: Populus nigra L., Populus alba L. and Populus tremula L...
  7. Hoang V, Innes D, Shaw P, Monteith G, Gidley M, Dietzgen R. Sequence diversity and differential expression of major phenylpropanoid-flavonoid biosynthetic genes among three mango varieties. BMC Genomics. 2015;16:561 pubmed publisher
    ..A close evolutionary relationship between mango genes and those from the woody species poplar of the Salicaceae family (Populus trichocarpa) and grape of the Vitaceae family (Vitis vinifera), was revealed through ..
  8. Ferreira P, Bezerra D, Silva J, da Costa M, Ferreira J, Alencar N, et al. Preclinical anticancer effectiveness of a fraction from Casearia sylvestris and its component Casearin X: in vivo and ex vivo methods and microscopy examinations. J Ethnopharmacol. 2016;186:270-279 pubmed publisher
    Casearia sylvestris (Salicaceae) is found in South America and presents antiulcerogenic, cytotoxic, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory and antihypertensive activities...
  9. Nissinen K, Virjamo V, Mehtätalo L, Lavola A, Valtonen A, Nybakken L, et al. A Seven-Year Study of Phenolic Concentrations of the Dioecious Salix myrsinifolia. J Chem Ecol. 2018;44:416-430 pubmed publisher
    ..Females of dioecious species, like most of the Salicaceae, are expected to invest their resources in defense and reproduction, while males are expected to be more growth-..
  10. Panzuto M, Lorenzetti F, Mauffette Y, Albert P. Perception of aspen and sun/shade sugar maple leaf soluble extracts by larvae of Malacosoma disstria. J Chem Ecol. 2001;27:1963-78 pubmed
    ..Our findings are discussed in light of previously known information about this insect's performance on these host plants. ..
  11. Mosaddik A, Forster P, Waterman P. Three new 3-benzylbenzofuran-2-one derivatives from Homalium brachybotrys (Flacourtiaceae/Salicaceae s. l.). Nat Prod Res. 2007;21:1191-8 pubmed
    ..Benzofuranones (4), (5) and (6) are new natural products. The compounds isolated support the argument that Homalium is best placed in the Salicaceae s.l.
  12. Ribeiro L, Vendramim J, Andrade M, Bicalho K, Silva M, Vieira P, et al. Tropical Plant Extracts as Sources of Grain-Protectant Compounds Against Sitophilus zeamais Motschulsky (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). Neotrop Entomol. 2014;43:470-82 pubmed publisher
    ..branches of Aristolochia paulistana (Aristolochiaceae), and leaves and branches of Casearia sylvestris (Salicaceae). The screening assay resulted that the extracts of A. montana seeds obtained with hexane (LC50?=?534...
  13. Barghini E, Mascagni F, Natali L, Giordani T, Cavallini A. Identification and characterisation of Short Interspersed Nuclear Elements in the olive tree (Olea europaea L.) genome. Mol Genet Genomics. 2017;292:53-61 pubmed publisher
    ..the former with sequence similarity to SINEs of Scrophulariaceae and Solanaceae and the latter to SINEs of Salicaceae. A comparison of sequence conservation between olive SINEs and LTR retrotransposon families suggested that SINE ..
  14. Jeong J, Kang S, Yoon C, Seo Y, Hwang C, Ko J, et al. Inhibitory effects of Bombusae concretio Salicea on neuronal secretion of Alzheimer's beta-amyloid peptides, a neurodegenerative peptide. Neurochem Res. 2003;28:1785-92 pubmed
    ..These results raise the possibility that BC supplementation in elderly men may be protective in the treatment of AD. ..
  15. Soika G, Gol A, Honarmand A, Wozińska A, Sadeghi H. New records of eriophyoid mites from Iran (Acari: Trombidiformes: Eriophyoidea) and a description of a new <i>Brevulacus</i> Manson species. Zootaxa. 2017;4216:zootaxa.4216.4.2 pubmed publisher
    ..These species are: Brevulacus salicinus n. sp. (Diptilomiopidae), found on Salix sp. (Salicaceae); Aceria wallichianae Keifer, 1975 from Ulmus minor (Ulmaceae); Aceria granulata Carmona, 1972 from Verbascum ..
  16. Rohner Mächler M, Glaus T, Reusch C. [Life threatening intestinal bleeding in a Bearded Collie associated with a food supplement for horses]. Schweiz Arch Tierheilkd. 2004;146:479-82 pubmed
    ..It was further detected that this supplement besides a shell extract also contained willow (Salicaceae) and meadowsweet (Filipendula, Spiraea ulmaria) which contain salicin...
  17. Dickson R, Coleman M, Pechter P, Karnosky D. Growth and crown architecture of two aspen genotypes exposed to interacting ozone and carbon dioxide. Environ Pollut. 2001;115:319-34 pubmed
    ..Aspen plants with drooping terminals and lateral branches would be at a competitive disadvantage in dense stands with limited light. ..
  18. Can I, Islam A, Karasoy D, Samim E. Does regional pollen load affect the prevalence of clinical allergy to those pollen groups?. J Laryngol Otol. 2010;124:297-301 pubmed publisher
    ..To test the association between clinical allergic sensitisation to pollens and the profile and load of those pollens, in Ankara, Turkey...
  19. Calderon C, De Ford C, Castro V, Merfort I, Murillo R. Cytotoxic clerodane diterpenes from Zuelania guidonia. J Nat Prod. 2014;77:455-63 pubmed publisher
    ..Zuelaguidins B, C, and E were the most potent compounds against the CCRF-CEM cell line, with IC50 values ranging from 1.6 to 2.5 ?M. ..
  20. Ranocha P, Chabannes M, Chamayou S, Danoun S, Jauneau A, Boudet A, et al. Laccase down-regulation causes alterations in phenolic metabolism and cell wall structure in poplar. Plant Physiol. 2002;129:145-55 pubmed
    ..lac3AS plants provide a unique opportunity to explore laccase function in plants. ..
  21. Lee M, Lee H, Lee J, Ye S, Kim S, Sung S. Anti-adipogenic activity of compounds isolated from Idesia polycarpa on 3T3-L1 cells. Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2013;23:3170-4 pubmed publisher
    ..Taken together, we suggest that idescarpin (1) shows a great potential against obesity and diabetes though the anti-adipogenic activity and the up-regulation of PPAR?. ..
  22. Liu L, McDonald A, Stadenberg I, Davies W. Stomatal and leaf growth responses to partial drying of root tips in willow. Tree Physiol. 2001;21:765-70 pubmed
  23. Sundell D, Street N, Kumar M, Mellerowicz E, Kucukoglu M, Johnsson C, et al. AspWood: High-Spatial-Resolution Transcriptome Profiles Reveal Uncharacterized Modularity of Wood Formation in Populus tremula. Plant Cell. 2017;29:1585-1604 pubmed publisher
    ..Most paralogs originating from the Salicaceae whole-genome duplication had diverged expression, with the exception of those highly expressed during secondary ..
  24. Arend M, Weisenseel M, Brummer M, Osswald W, Fromm J. Seasonal changes of plasma membrane H(+)-ATPase and endogenous ion current during cambial growth in poplar plants. Plant Physiol. 2002;129:1651-63 pubmed
    ..This PM H(+)-ATPase generates the necessary H(+)-gradient (proton-motive force) for the uptake of K(+) and nutrients into cambial and expanding xylem cells. ..
  25. Donaldson J, Stevens M, Barnhill H, Lindroth R. Age-related shifts in leaf chemistry of clonal aspen (Populus tremuloides). J Chem Ecol. 2006;32:1415-29 pubmed
    ..b>Salicaceae) and discusses implications for the herbivore community and ecosystem processes...
  26. Tang W, Wei X, Xu H, Zeng D, Long L. 13-Deoxyitol A, a new insecticidal isoryanodane diterpene from the seeds of Itoa orientalis. Fitoterapia. 2009;80:286-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Its structure was determined by spectroscopic means. Compounds 1 and 2 showed antifeedant and contact toxic activities against various insect pests. ..
  27. Barbehenn R, Kapila M, Kileen S, Nusbaum C. Acquiring nutrients from tree leaves: effects of leaf maturity and development type on a generalist caterpillar. Oecologia. 2017;184:59-73 pubmed publisher
    ..efficiency (PAE) of Lymantria dispar caterpillars on some tree species, but not on species in the willow family (Salicaceae)...
  28. Yáñez Espinosa L, Terrazas T, López Mata L. Integrated analysis of tropical trees growth: a multivariate approach. Ann Bot. 2006;98:637-45 pubmed
    ..The relevance is to understand the nature of the process of growth and to model this as a function of the environment...
  29. Oksanen E, Sober J, Karnosky D. Impacts of elevated CO2 and/or O3 on leaf ultrastructure of aspen (Populus tremuloides) and birch (Betula papyrifera) in the aspen FACE experiment. Environ Pollut. 2001;115:437-46 pubmed
    ..In the most O3-sensitive aspen clone, thinner leaves and cell walls, lower proportion of cell wall volume, and higher volume for vacuoles was found compared to more-tolerant clones. ..
  30. Prakasam A, Sethupathy S, Pugalendi K. Erythrocyte redox status in streptozotocin diabetic rats: effect of Casearia esculenta root extract. Pharmazie. 2003;58:920-4 pubmed
    ..esculenta (200 and 300 mg/kg body wt.) for 45 days to the diabetic rats these values approached almost normal levels. A dose of 300 mg/kg body weight C. esculenta extract showed better antioxidant effects than 200 mg/kg body weight. ..
  31. Wiesneth S, Aas G, Heilmann J, Jürgenliemk G. Investigation of the flavan-3-ol patterns in willow species during one growing-season. Phytochemistry. 2018;145:26-39 pubmed publisher
    ..amp; ?, S. cinerea L. ?, S. caprea x cinerea ?, S. daphnoidesVill. ? & ? and S. purpurea L. ?; all Salicaceae)...
  32. van Hove L, Bossen M, San Gabino B, Sgreva C. The ability of apoplastic ascorbate to protect poplar leaves against ambient ozone concentrations: a quantitative approach. Environ Pollut. 2001;114:371-82 pubmed
    ..Our results suggest that other factors than the scavenging efficiency of apoplastic ASA were responsible for the difference in O3 sensitivity between both poplar cultivars. ..
  33. Wu C, Hong W. [Neural network based on modified simplex method and its application in studying forest self-thinning]. Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao. 2000;11:655-9 pubmed
  34. Krylova S, Zueva E, Razina T, Amosova E. [Effect of dry aspen bark extract on the motor function of gastrointestinal tract in mice]. Eksp Klin Farmakol. 2007;70:30-3 pubmed
    ..Experiments on mice (both intact and those with reserpine induced gastric ulcers) showed that dry aspen bark (DAB) extract stimulated the motor gastric activity. The DAB preparation produced a moderate purgative effect. ..
  35. Schinkel H, Hertzberg M, Wingsle G. A small family of novel CuZn-superoxide dismutases with high isoelectric points in hybrid aspen. Planta. 2001;213:272-9 pubmed
    ..Southern blots as well as protein analysis suggest that these novel HipI-SODs belong to a small gene family, one member of which might be monomeric. ..
  36. Gielen B, Calfapietra C, Sabatti M, Ceulemans R. Leaf area dynamics in a closed poplar plantation under free-air carbon dioxide enrichment. Tree Physiol. 2001;21:1245-55 pubmed
    ..Specific leaf area (SLA) was unaffected by FACE. Allometric relationships and relative responses to atmospheric CO(2) enrichment were genotype-dependent. ..
  37. Rouhier N, Gelhaye E, Sautiere P, Brun A, Laurent P, Tagu D, et al. Isolation and characterization of a new peroxiredoxin from poplar sieve tubes that uses either glutaredoxin or thioredoxin as a proton donor. Plant Physiol. 2001;127:1299-309 pubmed
    ..The protein was shown to be highly expressed in sieve tubes where thioredoxin h and Grx are also major proteins. ..
  38. Lodhiyal N, Lodhiyal L, Pangtey Y. Structure and function of shisham forests in central Himalaya, India: dry matter dynamics. Ann Bot. 2002;89:41-54 pubmed
    ..The bole BAR was 5.8 (5-year-old stand) to 7.9 (15-year-old stand). However, total BAR of the forest stand ranged from 5.5 (5-year-old) to 7.5 (15-year-old). ..
  39. Hussain M, Rama N, Hameed S, Malik A, Khan K. Chemistry of isocoumarins: synthesis and biological screenings of homalicine and dihydrohomalicine. Nat Prod Res. 2005;19:41-51 pubmed
    ..Total synthesis and selected biological activities of naturally occurring homalicine and (dl)-dihydrohomalicine are described. ..
  40. Garo E, Hung C, Williams R, Olson K, Hu J, Rice S, et al. Dammarane-type triterpene glycosides from Oncoba manii active against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Planta Med. 2009;75:541-3 pubmed publisher
    ..Compounds 1 and 2 inhibited the growth of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). ..
  41. Wan X, Zwiazek J. Root water flow and leaf stomatal conductance in aspen (Populus tremuloides) seedlings treated with abscisic acid. Planta. 2001;213:741-7 pubmed
    ..Similarly, ABA had no effect on root hydraulic conductivity and the activation energy of root water flow rates. ..
  42. Bhatnagar P, Minocha R, Minocha S. Genetic manipulation of the metabolism of polyamines in poplar cells. The regulation of putrescine catabolism. Plant Physiol. 2002;128:1455-69 pubmed
  43. Devi W, Singh S, Singh C. Antioxidant and anti-dermatophytic properties leaf and stem bark of Xylosma longifolium clos. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2013;13:155 pubmed publisher
    ..The results of our study may partially justify the folkloric uses on the plant studied and further provide an evidence that the leaf extract of Xylosma longifolium might be indeed a potential sources of antimicrobial agents. ..
  44. Feistel F, Paetz C, Lorenz S, Beran F, Kunert G, Schneider B. Idesia polycarpa (Salicaceae) leaf constituents and their toxic effect on Cerura vinula and Lymantria dispar (Lepidoptera) larvae. Phytochemistry. 2017;143:170-179 pubmed publisher
    Phytochemical investigation of Idesia polycarpa (Salicaceae) resulted in the structure elucidation of nine previously undescribed phenolic natural products along with six known compounds...
  45. Pereira F, Marquete R, Domingos L, Rocha M, Ferreira Pereira A, Mansur E, et al. Antifungal activities of the essential oil and its fractions rich in sesquiterpenes from leaves of Casearia sylvestris Sw. An Acad Bras Cienc. 2017;: pubmed publisher
    Casearia genus (Salicaceae) is found in sub-tropical and tropical regions of the world and comprises about 160-200 species. It is a medicinal plant used in South America, also known as "guaçatonga", "erva-de-tiú", "cafezinho-do-mato"...
  46. Oksanen E, Amores G, Kokko H, Amores J, Kärenlampi L. Genotypic variation in growth and physiological responses of Finnish hybrid aspen (Populus tremuloides x P. tremula) to elevated tropospheric ozone concentration. Tree Physiol. 2001;21:1171-81 pubmed
    ..However, growth of the most O3-tolerant clone was not significantly affected by any O3 treatment. ..
  47. Peacock L, Lewis M, Powers S. Volatile compounds from Salix spp. varieties differing in susceptibility to three willow beetle species. J Chem Ecol. 2001;27:1943-51 pubmed
    ..The green leaf volatile ratio of damaged plants was also negatively correlated with the relative resistance of willow variety to these two beetle species. ..
  48. Kaldorf M, Fladung M, Muhs H, Buscot F. Mycorrhizal colonization of transgenic aspen in a field trial. Planta. 2002;214:653-60 pubmed
    ..This is the first demonstration of a clonal effect influencing the ability of a transgenic plant to form a mycorrhizal symbiosis with a potential fungal partner. ..
  49. Eriksson M, Moritz T. Daylength and spatial expression of a gibberellin 20-oxidase isolated from hybrid aspen (Populus tremula L. x P. tremuloides Michx.). Planta. 2002;214:920-30 pubmed
    ..The down-regulation of GA 20-oxidase activity in response to SDs was further indicated by studies of [14C]GA12 metabolism in shoots, demonstrating that the substrate for GA 20-oxidase, [14C]GA53, accumulates in SDs. ..
  50. Savage J, Cavender Bares J. Phenological cues drive an apparent trade-off between freezing tolerance and growth in the family Salicaceae. Ecology. 2013;94:1708-17 pubmed
    ..We grew 24 willow and poplar species (family Salicaceae) collected from across North America in a greenhouse common garden under two climate treatments...
  51. Nishiguchi M, Yoshida K, Sumizono T, Tazaki K. A receptor-like protein kinase with a lectin-like domain from lombardy poplar: gene expression in response to wounding and characterization of phosphorylation activity. Mol Genet Genomics. 2002;267:506-14 pubmed
    ..The phosphorylation activity of PnLPK was also detected using beta-casein as substrate. Phosphoamino acid analysis indicated that PnLPK is a serine/threonine kinase. ..
  52. Lebrun M, Miard F, Nandillon R, Léger J, Hattab Hambli N, Scippa G, et al. Assisted phytostabilization of a multicontaminated mine technosol using biochar amendment: Early stage evaluation of biochar feedstock and particle size effects on As and Pb accumulation of two Salicaceae species (Salix viminalis and Populus eurameri. Chemosphere. 2018;194:316-326 pubmed publisher
    ..0.1 mm and 0.2-0.4 mm) and two Salicaceae species...
  53. Cavallari M, Gimenes M, Billot C, Torres R, Zucchi M, Cavalheiro A, et al. Population genetic relationships between Casearia sylvestris (Salicaceae) varieties occurring sympatrically and allopatrically in different ecosystems in south-east Brazil. Ann Bot. 2010;106:627-36 pubmed publisher
    ..Using population genetic approaches, this study assessed the relationship between two Casearia sylvestris (Salicaceae) varieties, which occur sympatrically and allopatrically in the landscape of south-east Brazil, where ..
  54. Miller B, Oschinski C, Zimmer W. First isolation of an isoprene synthase gene from poplar and successful expression of the gene in Escherichia coli. Planta. 2001;213:483-7 pubmed
    ..Omitting the part of the gene that putatively encoded the signal peptide necessary for transport into the chloroplast led to an enhanced rate of isoprene formation by the recombinant protein...
  55. Zhou H. [Physioecological characteristics of four dominant plant species in Kerqin sandy land]. Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao. 2000;11:587-90 pubmed
    ..halodendron resisted drought stress weakly because of its high transpiration, high water consumption and low water use efficiency...
  56. Schönherr J. A mechanistic analysis of penetration of glyphosate salts across astomatous cuticular membranes. Pest Manag Sci. 2002;58:343-51 pubmed
    ..26 and 2.92 kJ mole-1, respectively. These results are interpreted as evidence for penetration of glyphosate salts in aqueous pores...
  57. Welling A, Moritz T, Palva E, Junttila O. Independent activation of cold acclimation by low temperature and short photoperiod in hybrid aspen. Plant Physiol. 2002;129:1633-41 pubmed
    ..Although SD and LT induce cold acclimation independently, ABA and DHN may play important roles in both modes of acclimation...
  58. Li J, Wan Z. [Microclimatic effect and soil moisture change of poplar-wheat intercropping systems in Huaibei Plain]. Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao. 2002;13:390-4 pubmed
    ..67-3.87%. In shelterbelt network, the soil moisture was related to the orientation and the distance from the shelterbelt, and there existed negative correlation between the soil moisture and the distance in all orientations...
  59. Pei M, Bayon C, Ruiz C. Phylogenetic relationships in some Melampsora rusts on Salicaceae assessed using rDNA sequence information. Mycol Res. 2005;109:401-9 pubmed
    ..epitea complex, appeared to be distinct. The molecular data also suggest that the differences in certain characteristics, such as the thickness of teliospore walls and host specificity, may have evolved relatively recently...
  60. Kim S, Jang Y, Sung S, Kim Y. Inhibitory activity of phenolic glycosides from the fruits of Idesia polycarpa on lipopolysaccharide-induced nitric oxide production in BV2 microglia. Planta Med. 2007;73:167-9 pubmed
    ..All six compounds significantly inhibited lipopolysaccharide-induced nitric oxide production in BV2 microglia at concentrations from 1 microM to 100 microM...
  61. Ryss A. [Taxonomy and evolution of the genus Pratylenchoides (Nematoda: Pratylenchidae)]. Parazitologiia. 2007;41:161-94 pubmed
    ..evolved from the flood lands with swampy soils and prevalence of dicotyledons (herbaceous Lamiaceae and woody Salicaceae families) to the forest mainland communities with balanced humidity and predominance of herbaceous Poaceae and ..
  62. Vialle A, Feau N, Frey P, Bernier L, Hamelin R. Phylogenetic species recognition reveals host-specific lineages among poplar rust fungi. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2013;66:628-44 pubmed publisher
    ..belonging to the genus Melampsora (Basidiomycota, Pucciniales) comprise rust pathogens that alternate between Salicaceae and other plant hosts...
  63. Leffler A, Evans A. Physiological variation among Populus fremontii populations: short- and long-term relationships between delta13C and water availability. Tree Physiol. 2001;21:1149-55 pubmed
    ..The data suggest that water availability can account for some of the delta13C variation among populations but, given the large residual variances, other factors are important...
  64. Kumar S, Fladung M. Gene stability in transgenic aspen (Populus). II. Molecular characterization of variable expression of transgene in wild and hybrid aspen. Planta. 2001;213:731-40 pubmed
    ..This indicates that the host genome has some control over expression of a transgene, and the possible role of AT-rich regions in defense against foreign DNA...
  65. Djingova R, Ivanova J, Wagner G, Korhammer S, Markert B. Distribution of lanthanoids, Be, Bi, Ga, Te, Tl, Th and U on the territory of Bulgaria using Populus nigra 'Italica' as an indicator. Sci Total Environ. 2001;280:85-91 pubmed
    ..The investigated elements are log-normally distributed on the territory. Using cluster analysis of the analytical data the samples were grouped according soil type on which the plants are growing...
  66. Taylor G, Ceulemans R, Ferris R, Gardner S, Shao B. Increased leaf area expansion of hybrid poplar in elevated CO2. From controlled environments to open-top chambers and to FACE. Environ Pollut. 2001;115:463-72 pubmed
    ..Effects on SLA and leaf production suggest that CE and OTC experiments may not always provide good predictors of the 'qualitative' effects of elevated CO2 in long-term ecosystem experiments...
  67. Chaffey N, Barlow P, Sundberg B. Understanding the role of the cytoskeleton in wood formation in angiosperm trees: hybrid aspen (Populus tremula x P. tremuloides) as the model species. Tree Physiol. 2002;22:239-49 pubmed
    ..A consensus view of the roles of the cytoskeleton during wood formation in angiosperm trees is presented...
  68. Loots D, van der Westhuizen F, Jerling J. Polyphenol composition and antioxidant activity of Kei-apple (Dovyalis caffra) juice. J Agric Food Chem. 2006;54:1271-6 pubmed
    ..Our results therefore support the putative high antioxidant value linked to this fruit and better define this potential in terms of the major antioxidants that exist in the Kei-apple...
  69. Wan X, Zwiazek J, Lieffers V, Landhäusser S. Hydraulic conductance in aspen (Populus tremuloides) seedlings exposed to low root temperatures. Tree Physiol. 2001;21:691-6 pubmed
  70. Weih M. Evidence for increased sensitivity to nutrient and water stress in a fast-growing hybrid willow compared with a natural willow clone. Tree Physiol. 2001;21:1141-8 pubmed
    ..The hypothesis that natural clones have higher resource-use efficiency than fast-growing hybrids was supported with respect to water, but not nitrogen...
  71. Pearce D, Hutt O, Rood S, Mander L. Gibberellins in shoots and developing capsules of Populus species. Phytochemistry. 2002;59:679-87 pubmed
    ..The catabolites of active GAs or of key precursors, hydroxylated at C-2 in stems and either C-2, C-12, C-17, or C-16,17 in capsules, were the major proportion of the GAs...
  72. Wood N. Transcript profiling takes a stroll through the wood. Trends Plant Sci. 2002;7:99 pubmed
  73. Boege K. Herbivore attack in Casearia nitida influenced by plant ontogenetic variation in foliage quality and plant architecture. Oecologia. 2005;143:117-25 pubmed
  74. Belyanin M, Stepanova E, Ogorodnikov V. First total chemical synthesis of natural acyl derivatives of some phenolglycosides of the family Salicaceae. Carbohydr Res. 2012;363:66-72 pubmed publisher
    The total synthesis of certain natural phenolglycosides of the family Salicaceae, namely: salireposide, populosides A, B, and C and not occurring in plants desoxysalireposide (2-(?-D-glucopyranosyloxy)-benzylbenzoate) and per-acetate of ..
  75. Thomas L, Tölle L, Ziegenhagen B, Leyer I. Are vegetative reproduction capacities the cause of widespread invasion of Eurasian Salicaceae in Patagonian river landscapes?. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e50652 pubmed publisher
    In recent decades, invasive willows and poplars (Salicaceae) have built dense floodplain forests along most of the rivers in Patagonia, Argentina...
  76. Corseuil H, Moreno F. Phytoremediation potential of willow trees for aquifers contaminated with ethanol-blended gasoline. Water Res. 2001;35:3013-7 pubmed
    ..Results suggest that phytoremediation can be a good complement to intrinsic remediation in shallow aquifer sites contaminated with ethanol-blended gasoline spills...
  77. Mertens J, Luyssaert S, Verbeeren S, Vervaeke P, Lust N. Cd and Zn concentrations in small mammals and willow leaves on disposal facilities for dredged material. Environ Pollut. 2001;115:17-22 pubmed
    ..However, the elevated Cd and Zn concentrations in the willow leaves on the polluted sites and the high Cd concentrations in the small mammals on all sites indicated that ecosystem development should be carefully considered...
  78. Aasamaa K, Sober A, Hartung W, Niinemets U. Rate of stomatal opening, shoot hydraulic conductance and photosynthetic characteristics in relation to leaf abscisic acid concentration in six temperate deciduous trees. Tree Physiol. 2002;22:267-76 pubmed
    ..We conclude that interspecific variability in endogenous [ABA] during foliage growth and in mature leaves provides an important factor explaining observed differences in L, gs, si and Pmax among temperate deciduous tree species...
  79. Cazares E, Trappe J, Jumpponen A. Mycorrhiza-plant colonization patterns on a subalpine glacier forefront as a model system of primary succession. Mycorrhiza. 2005;15:405-16 pubmed
    ..ERM were present in all species of Ericaceae sampled, and EM in all species of Pinaceae and Salicaceae. Roots of plants in the long established meadow and heath communities adjacent to the forefront and the high ..
  80. Steltzer H, Welker J. Modeling the effect of photosynthetic vegetation properties on the NDVI--LAI relationship. Ecology. 2006;87:2765-72 pubmed
    ..We expect that including the effects of PV properties in NDVI-LAI models will improve prediction of LAI where species composition varies across space or changes over time...
  81. Weber R. Pussy Willow. Salix discolor. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2007;99:A4 pubmed
  82. Hughes S. Heteroconium and Pirozynskiella n. gen., with comments on conidium transseptation. Mycologia. 2007;99:628-38 pubmed
    ..Ten other species included in Heteroconium are known to me only from their original descriptions; only one (H. asiaticum) is probably a sooty mold...
  83. Baaziz K, Lopez D, Rabot A, Combes D, Gousset A, Bouzid S, et al. Light-mediated K(leaf) induction and contribution of both the PIP1s and PIP2s aquaporins in five tree species: walnut (Juglans regia) case study. Tree Physiol. 2012;32:423-34 pubmed publisher
    ..These data support a relationship between light-mediated K(leaf) regulation and the abundance of aquaporin transcripts in the walnut tree...
  84. Liu L, McDonald A, Stadenberg I, Davies W. Abscisic acid in leaves and roots of willow: significance for stomatal conductance. Tree Physiol. 2001;21:759-64 pubmed
    ..When the ABA solution was replaced with water, stomatal conductance increased at a rate inversely related to the concentration of the ABA solution with which the leaves had been supplied...
  85. Whitehead D, Gower S. Photosynthesis and light-use efficiency by plants in a Canadian boreal forest ecosystem. Tree Physiol. 2001;21:925-9 pubmed
    ..schreberi fell well below this line. We conclude that it is not possible to scale photosynthesis from leaves to the canopy in this ecosystem based on a single relationship between photosynthetic rate and foliage nitrogen concentration...
  86. Black B, Parmentier Line C, Fuchigami L, Coleman G. Ecotypic and genetic variation in poplar bark storage protein gene expression and accumulation. Tree Physiol. 2001;21:1289-97 pubmed
    ..The results could have significance in selecting for clones with improved N storage capacity and N-use efficiency...
  87. Weyman Kaczmarkowa W, Pedziwilk Z. Effect of epiphytes on the extent of necrotic injuries of resistant and susceptible poplar clones infected with Dothichiza populea. Microbiol Res. 2001;156:337-41 pubmed
    ..The differences in the response of the pathogen to the presence of epiphytes recorded in the susceptible clones indicate a marked influence of the plant on the nature of interactions between its epiphytic microflora and the pathogen...
  88. Kamaluddin M, Zwiazek J. Ethylene enhances water transport in hypoxic aspen. Plant Physiol. 2002;128:962-9 pubmed
  89. Fang Y, Pedigo L, Colletti J, Hart E. Economic injury level for second-generation cottonwood leaf beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) in two-year-old Populus. J Econ Entomol. 2002;95:313-6 pubmed
    ..2 to 0.9 egg masses per actively growing terminal...
  90. Jung M, Yoo J, Kang Y, Lee H, Kim S, Sung S, et al. Idesolide, an isolate of Idesia polycarpa, inhibits apoptosis through induction of intracellular heat shock protein 70 in C2C12 muscle cells. Biol Pharm Bull. 2010;33:1063-6 pubmed
    ..Our results suggest that idesolide inhibits cell death through induction of HSP70 in C(2)C(12) muscle cells. This work is the first to report that idesolide can regulate the decrease in HSP70 that occurs during skeletal muscle atrophy...
  91. Wustman B, Oksanen E, Karnosky D, Noormets A, Isebrands J, Pregitzer K, et al. Effects of elevated CO2 and O3 on aspen clones varying in O3 sensitivity: can CO2 ameliorate the harmful effects of O3?. Environ Pollut. 2001;115:473-81 pubmed
    ..may have contributed to an increase in chloroplast damage in all three aspen clones...
  92. Gross J, Podsiadlowski L, Hilker M. Antimicrobial activity of exocrine glandular secretion of Chrysomela larvae. J Chem Ecol. 2002;28:317-31 pubmed
    ..lapponica, which feed on salicin-rich Salicaceae. In this study, we examined whether salicylaldehyde is also active against the entomopathogenic fungus ..