sorghum

Summary

Summary: A plant genus of the family POACEAE. The grain is used for FOOD and for ANIMAL FEED. This should not be confused with KAFFIR LIME or with KEFIR milk product.

Top Publications

  1. Luo S, Xu T, Chen L, Chen J, Rao C, Xiao X, et al. Endophyte-assisted promotion of biomass production and metal-uptake of energy crop sweet sorghum by plant-growth-promoting endophyte Bacillus sp. SLS18. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2012;93:1745-53 pubmed publisher
    ..SLS18, a plant-growth-promoting endophyte, on the biomass production and Mn/Cd uptake of sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L.), Phytolacca acinosa Roxb., and Solanum nigrum L. were investigated...
  2. Calviño M, Messing J. Sweet sorghum as a model system for bioenergy crops. Curr Opin Biotechnol. 2012;23:323-9 pubmed publisher
    ..recent knowledge in genetics, genomics, and gene expression of a rising model species for bioenergy applications, sorghum. Its diploid genome has been sequenced, it has favorable low-input cost traits, and genetic crosses between ..
  3. Matsakas L, Christakopoulos P. Fermentation of liquefacted hydrothermally pretreated sweet sorghum bagasse to ethanol at high-solids content. Bioresour Technol. 2013;127:202-8 pubmed publisher
    The ability of sweet sorghum bagasse to be utilized as feedstock for ethanol production at high initial dry matter concentration was investigated...
  4. Figueira T, Okura V, Rodrigues da Silva F, Jose da Silva M, Kudrna D, Ammiraju J, et al. A BAC library of the SP80-3280 sugarcane variety (saccharum sp.) and its inferred microsynteny with the sorghum genome. BMC Res Notes. 2012;5:185 pubmed publisher
    ..The construction and sequencing of a bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) library of an elite commercial variety of sugarcane could help assembly the sugarcane genome...
  5. Mace E, Hunt C, Jordan D. Supermodels: sorghum and maize provide mutual insight into the genetics of flowering time. Theor Appl Genet. 2013;126:1377-95 pubmed publisher
    ..This study made use of a recently developed sorghum backcross (BC)-NAM population to dissect the genetic architecture of flowering time in sorghum; to compare the ..
  6. Jiang S, Ma Z, Vanitha J, Ramachandran S. Genetic variation and expression diversity between grain and sweet sorghum lines. BMC Genomics. 2013;14:18 pubmed publisher
    ..Though both grain (BT×623) and sweet (Keller) sorghum lines originated from the same species Sorghum bicolor L., they exhibit obvious phenotypic variations...
  7. Huang C, Hu H, Tsai Y, Chang W. In vitro effects of Monascus purpureus on antioxidation activity during fermentation of Kinmen sorghum liquor waste. J Biosci Bioeng. 2013;115:418-23 pubmed publisher
    ..purpureus CWT715 is a strain of red yeast rice that can scavenge free radicals when fermented with residual sorghum from Kinmen sorghum liquor waste (KSL)...
  8. Ishikawa C, Hatanaka T, Misoo S, Miyake C, Fukayama H. Functional incorporation of sorghum small subunit increases the catalytic turnover rate of Rubisco in transgenic rice. Plant Physiol. 2011;156:1603-11 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we demonstrate that the introduction of the small subunit (RbcS) of high k(cat) Rubisco from the C(4) plant sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) significantly enhances k(cat) of Rubisco in transgenic rice (Oryza sativa)...
  9. Rostamza M, Richards R, Watt M. Response of millet and sorghum to a varying water supply around the primary and nodal roots. Ann Bot. 2013;112:439-46 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of this study was to test the role of nodal roots of sorghum and millet in plant growth in response to variation in soil moisture...
  10. Zhang L, Zheng Y, Jagadeeswaran G, Li Y, Gowdu K, Sunkar R. Identification and temporal expression analysis of conserved and novel microRNAs in Sorghum. Genomics. 2011;98:460-8 pubmed publisher
    Sweet Sorghum is largely grown for grain production but also recently emerged as one of the model feedstock plants for biofuel production...

Detail Information

Publications85

  1. Luo S, Xu T, Chen L, Chen J, Rao C, Xiao X, et al. Endophyte-assisted promotion of biomass production and metal-uptake of energy crop sweet sorghum by plant-growth-promoting endophyte Bacillus sp. SLS18. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2012;93:1745-53 pubmed publisher
    ..SLS18, a plant-growth-promoting endophyte, on the biomass production and Mn/Cd uptake of sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L.), Phytolacca acinosa Roxb., and Solanum nigrum L. were investigated...
  2. Calviño M, Messing J. Sweet sorghum as a model system for bioenergy crops. Curr Opin Biotechnol. 2012;23:323-9 pubmed publisher
    ..recent knowledge in genetics, genomics, and gene expression of a rising model species for bioenergy applications, sorghum. Its diploid genome has been sequenced, it has favorable low-input cost traits, and genetic crosses between ..
  3. Matsakas L, Christakopoulos P. Fermentation of liquefacted hydrothermally pretreated sweet sorghum bagasse to ethanol at high-solids content. Bioresour Technol. 2013;127:202-8 pubmed publisher
    The ability of sweet sorghum bagasse to be utilized as feedstock for ethanol production at high initial dry matter concentration was investigated...
  4. Figueira T, Okura V, Rodrigues da Silva F, Jose da Silva M, Kudrna D, Ammiraju J, et al. A BAC library of the SP80-3280 sugarcane variety (saccharum sp.) and its inferred microsynteny with the sorghum genome. BMC Res Notes. 2012;5:185 pubmed publisher
    ..The construction and sequencing of a bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) library of an elite commercial variety of sugarcane could help assembly the sugarcane genome...
  5. Mace E, Hunt C, Jordan D. Supermodels: sorghum and maize provide mutual insight into the genetics of flowering time. Theor Appl Genet. 2013;126:1377-95 pubmed publisher
    ..This study made use of a recently developed sorghum backcross (BC)-NAM population to dissect the genetic architecture of flowering time in sorghum; to compare the ..
  6. Jiang S, Ma Z, Vanitha J, Ramachandran S. Genetic variation and expression diversity between grain and sweet sorghum lines. BMC Genomics. 2013;14:18 pubmed publisher
    ..Though both grain (BT×623) and sweet (Keller) sorghum lines originated from the same species Sorghum bicolor L., they exhibit obvious phenotypic variations...
  7. Huang C, Hu H, Tsai Y, Chang W. In vitro effects of Monascus purpureus on antioxidation activity during fermentation of Kinmen sorghum liquor waste. J Biosci Bioeng. 2013;115:418-23 pubmed publisher
    ..purpureus CWT715 is a strain of red yeast rice that can scavenge free radicals when fermented with residual sorghum from Kinmen sorghum liquor waste (KSL)...
  8. Ishikawa C, Hatanaka T, Misoo S, Miyake C, Fukayama H. Functional incorporation of sorghum small subunit increases the catalytic turnover rate of Rubisco in transgenic rice. Plant Physiol. 2011;156:1603-11 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we demonstrate that the introduction of the small subunit (RbcS) of high k(cat) Rubisco from the C(4) plant sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) significantly enhances k(cat) of Rubisco in transgenic rice (Oryza sativa)...
  9. Rostamza M, Richards R, Watt M. Response of millet and sorghum to a varying water supply around the primary and nodal roots. Ann Bot. 2013;112:439-46 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of this study was to test the role of nodal roots of sorghum and millet in plant growth in response to variation in soil moisture...
  10. Zhang L, Zheng Y, Jagadeeswaran G, Li Y, Gowdu K, Sunkar R. Identification and temporal expression analysis of conserved and novel microRNAs in Sorghum. Genomics. 2011;98:460-8 pubmed publisher
    Sweet Sorghum is largely grown for grain production but also recently emerged as one of the model feedstock plants for biofuel production...
  11. Theerarattananoon K, Xu F, Wilson J, Staggenborg S, McKinney L, Vadlani P, et al. Effects of the pelleting conditions on chemical composition and sugar yield of corn stover, big bluestem, wheat straw, and sorghum stalk pellets. Bioprocess Biosyst Eng. 2012;35:615-23 pubmed publisher
    ..Corn stover, wheat straw, big bluestem, and sorghum stalks were used for this study. Dilute sulfuric acid was used for biomass pretreatment...
  12. Lee W, Kwak J, An Y. Effect of silver nanoparticles in crop plants Phaseolus radiatus and Sorghum bicolor: media effect on phytotoxicity. Chemosphere. 2012;86:491-9 pubmed publisher
    ..the phytotoxicity of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) on the important crop plants, Phaseolus radiatus and Sorghum bicolor...
  13. Kochar M, Srivastava S. Surface colonization by Azospirillum brasilense SM in the indole-3-acetic acid dependent growth improvement of sorghum. J Basic Microbiol. 2012;52:123-31 pubmed publisher
    ..brasilense strain SM as a competent plant growth promoting bacterium over mid- and long-term associations with sorghum. This study establishes that plant growth can be directly correlated with the associated bacterium's indole-3-..
  14. Martin T, Biruma M, Fridborg I, Okori P, Dixelius C. A highly conserved NB-LRR encoding gene cluster effective against Setosphaeria turcica in sorghum. BMC Plant Biol. 2011;11:151 pubmed publisher
    The fungal pathogen Setosphaeria turcica causes turcicum or northern leaf blight disease on maize, sorghum and related grasses. A prevalent foliar disease found worldwide where the two host crops, maize and sorghum are grown...
  15. Sun J, Zhou M, Mao Z, Li C. Characterization and evolution of microRNA genes derived from repetitive elements and duplication events in plants. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e34092 pubmed publisher
    ..this study, all known miRNAs in four plant species (Arabidopsis thaliana, Populus trichocarpa, Oryza sativa and Sorghum bicolor) have been analyzed, using a combination of computational and comparative genomic approaches, to ..
  16. Su M, Li X, Ma X, Peng X, Zhao A, Cheng L, et al. Cloning two P5CS genes from bioenergy sorghum and their expression profiles under abiotic stresses and MeJA treatment. Plant Sci. 2011;181:652-9 pubmed publisher
    Sweet sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (Linn.) Moench) has promise as a bioenergy feedstock in China and other countries for its use in the production of ethanol as the result of its high fermentable sugar accumulation in stems...
  17. Sivaguru M, Liu J, Kochian L. Targeted expression of SbMATE in the root distal transition zone is responsible for sorghum aluminum resistance. Plant J. 2013;76:297-307 pubmed publisher
    ..Aluminum resistance in the cereal crop Sorghum bicolor is mainly achieved by Al-activated root apical citrate exudation, which is mediated by the plasma ..
  18. Ray A, Saykhedkar S, Ayoubi Canaan P, Hartson S, Prade R, Mort A. Phanerochaete chrysosporium produces a diverse array of extracellular enzymes when grown on sorghum. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2012;93:2075-89 pubmed publisher
    In an effort to understand how fungi degrade biomass, we grew Phanerochaete chrysosporium on sorghum stover and chronicled the growth of the fungus over the course of 14 days. The fungal mass grew steadily until the fifth day, reaching 0...
  19. Heredia Olea E, Pérez Carrillo E, Serna Saldivar S. Production of ethanol from sweet sorghum bagasse pretreated with different chemical and physical processes and saccharified with fiber degrading enzymes. Bioresour Technol. 2013;134:386-90 pubmed publisher
    The C5 and C6 sugars generated from sweet sorghum bagasse pretreated with five different chemical or physical schemes and then further hydrolyzed with a fibrolytic cocktail were determined...
  20. Dugas D, Monaco M, Olsen A, Klein R, Kumari S, Ware D, et al. Functional annotation of the transcriptome of Sorghum bicolor in response to osmotic stress and abscisic acid. BMC Genomics. 2011;12:514 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Sorghum is a cereal crop that exhibits exceptional tolerance to adverse conditions, in particular, water-limiting ..
  21. Bekele W, Wieckhorst S, Friedt W, Snowdon R. High-throughput genomics in sorghum: from whole-genome resequencing to a SNP screening array. Plant Biotechnol J. 2013;11:1112-25 pubmed publisher
    With its small, diploid and completely sequenced genome, sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) is highly amenable to genomics-based breeding approaches...
  22. Yazawa T, Kawahigashi H, Matsumoto T, Mizuno H. Simultaneous transcriptome analysis of Sorghum and Bipolaris sorghicola by using RNA-seq in combination with de novo transcriptome assembly. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e62460 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we analyzed the transcriptomes of Sorghum bicolor (L...
  23. Allen L, Kakani V, Vu J, Boote K. Elevated CO2 increases water use efficiency by sustaining photosynthesis of water-limited maize and sorghum. J Plant Physiol. 2011;168:1909-18 pubmed publisher
    Maize and grain sorghum seeds were sown in pots and grown for 39 days in sunlit controlled-environment chambers at 360 (ambient) and 720 (double-ambient, elevated)?mol mol(-1) carbon dioxide concentrations [CO(2)]...
  24. Li P, Brutnell T. Setaria viridis and Setaria italica, model genetic systems for the Panicoid grasses. J Exp Bot. 2011;62:3031-7 pubmed publisher
    ..crop widely grown in Northern China and India that is closely related to the major food and feed crops maize and sorghum. A large collection of S...
  25. Zou G, Zhai G, Feng Q, Yan S, Wang A, Zhao Q, et al. Identification of QTLs for eight agronomically important traits using an ultra-high-density map based on SNPs generated from high-throughput sequencing in sorghum under contrasting photoperiods. J Exp Bot. 2012;63:5451-62 pubmed publisher
    The productivity of sorghum is mainly determined by agronomically important traits...
  26. Massa A, Wanjugi H, Deal K, O brien K, You F, Maiti R, et al. Gene space dynamics during the evolution of Aegilops tauschii, Brachypodium distachyon, Oryza sativa, and Sorghum bicolor genomes. Mol Biol Evol. 2011;28:2537-47 pubmed publisher
    ..the Sanger sequencing technology and compared with orthologous Brachypodium distachyon, Oryza sativa (rice), and Sorghum bicolor (sorghum) genomic sequences...
  27. Qazi H, Paranjpe S, Bhargava S. Stem sugar accumulation in sweet sorghum - activity and expression of sucrose metabolizing enzymes and sucrose transporters. J Plant Physiol. 2012;169:605-13 pubmed publisher
    Sugar metabolism was studied in sweet sorghum (SSV74) that is known to store sugars in the mature internodes and which is reported to give grain yields twice that of a grain sorghum variety (SPV1616)...
  28. Park J, Darvin P, Lim E, Joung Y, Hong D, Park E, et al. Hwanggeumchal sorghum induces cell cycle arrest, and suppresses tumor growth and metastasis through Jak2/STAT pathways in breast cancer xenografts. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e40531 pubmed publisher
    ..Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women worldwide. Sorghum is a principal cereal food in many parts of the world, and is critical in folk medicine of Asia and Africa...
  29. Billot C, Ramu P, Bouchet S, Chantereau J, Deu M, Gardes L, et al. Massive sorghum collection genotyped with SSR markers to enhance use of global genetic resources. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e59714 pubmed publisher
    ..We present here a large diversity survey in sorghum with 3367 accessions and 41 reference nuclear SSR markers...
  30. Heimann L, Horst I, Perduns R, Dreesen B, Offermann S, Peterhansel C. A Common histone modification code on C4 genes in maize and its conservation in Sorghum and Setaria italica. Plant Physiol. 2013;162:456-69 pubmed publisher
    ..We further compared histone modifications on the C4-Pepc and C4-Me genes from maize and the homologous genes from sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) and Setaria italica...
  31. Ng uni D, Geleta M, Bryngelsson T. Genetic diversity in sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) accessions of Zambia as revealed by simple sequence repeats (SSR). Hereditas. 2011;148:52-62 pubmed publisher
    Twenty seven accessions of sorghum conserved in the national gene bank of Zambia, representing two of the three agroecological regions of the country, were investigated using simple sequence repeats (SSR) markers in order to determine ..
  32. Bröhan M, Jerkovic V, Collin S. Potentiality of red sorghum for producing stilbenoid-enriched beers with high antioxidant activity. J Agric Food Chem. 2011;59:4088-94 pubmed publisher
    ..trans-Piceid and trans-resveratrol were authenticated for the first time by high-resoution mass spectrometry in red sorghum grains. A 0.4-1 mg/kg amount of trans-piceid and up to 0...
  33. Shiringani A, Friedt W. QTL for fibre-related traits in grain × sweet sorghum as a tool for the enhancement of sorghum as a biomass crop. Theor Appl Genet. 2011;123:999-1011 pubmed publisher
    Compared to maize and temperate grasses, sorghum has received less attention in terms of improving cell wall components...
  34. Blomstedt C, Gleadow R, O Donnell N, Naur P, Jensen K, Laursen T, et al. A combined biochemical screen and TILLING approach identifies mutations in Sorghum bicolor L. Moench resulting in acyanogenic forage production. Plant Biotechnol J. 2012;10:54-66 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Sorghum bicolor L. contains the cyanogenic glucoside dhurrin...
  35. Lin Z, Li X, Shannon L, Yeh C, Wang M, Bai G, et al. Parallel domestication of the Shattering1 genes in cereals. Nat Genet. 2012;44:720-4 pubmed publisher
    A key step during crop domestication is the loss of seed shattering. Here, we show that seed shattering in sorghum is controlled by a single gene, Shattering1 (Sh1), which encodes a YABBY transcription factor...
  36. Xu F, Park M, Kitazumi A, Herath V, Mohanty B, Yun S, et al. Cis-regulatory signatures of orthologous stress-associated bZIP transcription factors from rice, sorghum and Arabidopsis based on phylogenetic footprints. BMC Genomics. 2012;13:497 pubmed publisher
    ..factors from rice (Oryza sativa) formed ten clusters of orthologous groups (COG) with genes from the monocot sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) and dicot Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana)...
  37. Herald T, Gadgil P, Tilley M. High-throughput micro plate assays for screening flavonoid content and DPPH-scavenging activity in sorghum bran and flour. J Sci Food Agric. 2012;92:2326-31 pubmed publisher
    b>Sorghum possesses phenolic compounds that are health-promoting constituents of the grain. There are approximately 40 000 sorghum accessions, many of which have not been evaluated for the grain's health-promoting potential...
  38. Hargrove J, Greenspan P, Hartle D, Dowd C. Inhibition of aromatase and ?-amylase by flavonoids and proanthocyanidins from Sorghum bicolor bran extracts. J Med Food. 2011;14:799-807 pubmed publisher
    We compared the ability of simple flavonoids and proanthocyanidins in Sorghum bicolor bran extracts to inhibit enzymes in vitro...
  39. Zheng L, Guo X, He B, Sun L, Peng Y, Dong S, et al. Genome-wide patterns of genetic variation in sweet and grain sorghum (Sorghum bicolor). Genome Biol. 2011;12:R114 pubmed publisher
    b>Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) is globally produced as a source of food, feed, fiber and fuel...
  40. Zhang M, Xu C, von Wettstein D, Liu B. Tissue-specific differences in cytosine methylation and their association with differential gene expression in sorghum. Plant Physiol. 2011;156:1955-66 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we report for sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) differences in relative cytosine methylation levels and patterns at 5'-CCGG sites in seven ..
  41. Afify A, El Beltagi H, El Salam S, Omran A. Bioavailability of iron, zinc, phytate and phytase activity during soaking and germination of white sorghum varieties. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e25512 pubmed publisher
    ..phytase activity and in vitro bioavailability of iron and zinc during soaking and germination of three white sorghum varieties (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench), named Dorado, Shandweel-6, and Giza-15 were investigated...
  42. Sagnard F, Deu M, Dembélé D, Leblois R, Touré L, Diakité M, et al. Genetic diversity, structure, gene flow and evolutionary relationships within the Sorghum bicolor wild-weedy-crop complex in a western African region. Theor Appl Genet. 2011;123:1231-46 pubmed publisher
    ..Earlier literature, in the 1970s, reported on the interfertility and the sympatry of wild, weedy and cultivated sorghum belonging to the species Sorghum bicolor in most regions of sub-Saharan Africa...
  43. Cercamondi C, Egli I, Zeder C, Hurrell R. Sodium iron EDTA and ascorbic acid, but not polyphenol oxidase treatment, counteract the strong inhibitory effect of polyphenols from brown sorghum on the absorption of fortification iron in young women. Br J Nutr. 2014;111:481-9 pubmed publisher
    In addition to phytate, polyphenols (PP) might contribute to low Fe bioavailability from sorghum-based foods...
  44. Kim C, Zhang D, Auckland S, Rainville L, Jakob K, Kronmiller B, et al. SSR-based genetic maps of Miscanthus sinensis and M. sacchariflorus, and their comparison to sorghum. Theor Appl Genet. 2012;124:1325-38 pubmed publisher
    ..9% of the genome. The use of cDNA-derived SSR loci permitted alignment of the Miscanthus linkage groups to the sorghum chromosomes, revealing a whole genome duplication affecting the Miscanthus lineage after the divergence of ..
  45. Sabadin P, Malosetti M, Boer M, Tardin F, Santos F, Guimaraes C, et al. Studying the genetic basis of drought tolerance in sorghum by managed stress trials and adjustments for phenological and plant height differences. Theor Appl Genet. 2012;124:1389-402 pubmed publisher
    ..well watered and water stressed trials were performed to study the genetic basis of grain yield and stay green in sorghum with the objective of validating previously detected QTL...
  46. Kaufman R, Herald T, Bean S, Wilson J, Tuinstra M. Variability in tannin content, chemistry and activity in a diverse group of tannin containing sorghum cultivars. J Sci Food Agric. 2013;93:1233-41 pubmed publisher
    ..Numerous studies investigating the functional properties of sorghum tannin have been conducted by comparing grain samples from different sorghum lines without considering the other ..
  47. Diene O, Takahashi T, Yonekura A, Nitta Y, Narisawa K. A new fungal endophyte, Helminthosporium velutinum, promoting growth of a bioalcohol plant, sweet sorghum. Microbes Environ. 2010;25:216-9 pubmed
    A new fungal isolate that grows endophytically in sweet sorghum was identified as Helminthosporium velutinum Link ex Ficinus & Schubert...
  48. Evans J, McCormick R, Morishige D, Olson S, Weers B, Hilley J, et al. Extensive variation in the density and distribution of DNA polymorphism in sorghum genomes. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e79192 pubmed publisher
    b>Sorghum genotypes currently used for grain production in the United States were developed from African landraces that were imported starting in the mid-to-late 19(th) century...
  49. Walker A, Hayes R, Youn B, Vermerris W, Sattler S, Kang C. Elucidation of the structure and reaction mechanism of sorghum hydroxycinnamoyltransferase and its structural relationship to other coenzyme a-dependent transferases and synthases. Plant Physiol. 2013;162:640-51 pubmed publisher
    Hydroxycinnamoyltransferase (HCT) from sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) participates in an early step of the phenylpropanoid pathway, exchanging coenzyme A (CoA) esterified to p-coumaric acid with shikimic or quinic acid as intermediates in the ..
  50. Murphy R, Klein R, Morishige D, Brady J, Rooney W, Miller F, et al. Coincident light and clock regulation of pseudoresponse regulator protein 37 (PRR37) controls photoperiodic flowering in sorghum. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011;108:16469-74 pubmed publisher
    Optimal flowering time is critical to the success of modern agriculture. Sorghum is a short-day tropical species that exhibits substantial photoperiod sensitivity and delayed flowering in long days...
  51. Ramu P, Billot C, Rami J, Senthilvel S, Upadhyaya H, Ananda Reddy L, et al. Assessment of genetic diversity in the sorghum reference set using EST-SSR markers. Theor Appl Genet. 2013;126:2051-64 pubmed publisher
    ..In the present study, a reference set representing a wide range of sorghum genetic diversity was screened with 40 EST-SSR markers to validate both the use of these markers for genetic ..
  52. Kawahigashi H, Kasuga S, Ando T, Kanamori H, Wu J, Yonemaru J, et al. Positional cloning of ds1, the target leaf spot resistance gene against Bipolaris sorghicola in sorghum. Theor Appl Genet. 2011;123:131-42 pubmed publisher
    Target leaf spot is one of the major sorghum diseases in southern Japan and caused by a necrotrophic fungus, Bipolaris sorghicola. Sorghum resistance to target leaf spot is controlled by a single recessive gene (ds1)...
  53. Gohel V, Duan G, Maisuria V. Impact of an acid fungal protease in high gravity fermentation for ethanol production using Indian sorghum as a feedstock. Biotechnol Prog. 2013;29:329-36 pubmed publisher
    ..by simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) at 30% and 35% dry solids (DS) concentration of Indian sorghum feedstock for ethanol production, with addition of acid fungal protease or urea...
  54. Zhuang X, Köllner T, Zhao N, Li G, Jiang Y, Zhu L, et al. Dynamic evolution of herbivore-induced sesquiterpene biosynthesis in sorghum and related grass crops. Plant J. 2012;69:70-80 pubmed publisher
    b>Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) plants damaged by insects emit a blend of volatiles, predominantly sesquiterpenes, that are implicated in attracting natural enemies of the attacking insects...
  55. Zuther K, Kahnt J, Utermark J, Imkampe J, Uhse S, Schirawski J. Host specificity of Sporisorium reilianum is tightly linked to generation of the phytoalexin luteolinidin by Sorghum bicolor. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2012;25:1230-7 pubmed publisher
    ..reilianum f. sp. reilianum and S. reilianum f. sp. zeae) that cause head smut disease on sorghum and maize, respectively. Prior to plant infection, compatible haploid sporidia of S...
  56. Billot C, Rivallan R, Sall M, Foncéka D, Deu M, Glaszmann J, et al. A reference microsatellite kit to assess for genetic diversity of Sorghum bicolor (Poaceae). Am J Bot. 2012;99:e245-50 pubmed publisher
    ..This technical concern introduces biases that hamper any synthetic studies or comparison of genetic diversity between collections. To prevent this for Sorghum bicolor, we developed a control kit of 48 SSR markers.
  57. Schnell R, Vietor D, Provin T, Munster C, Capareda S. Capacity of biochar application to maintain energy crop productivity: soil chemistry, sorghum growth, and runoff water quality effects. J Environ Qual. 2012;41:1044-51 pubmed publisher
    ..Three replications of eight sorghum [ (L.) Moench] treatments were installed in box lysimeters under greenhouse conditions...
  58. Upadhyaya H, Wang Y, Gowda C, Sharma S. Association mapping of maturity and plant height using SNP markers with the sorghum mini core collection. Theor Appl Genet. 2013;126:2003-15 pubmed publisher
    Plant height and maturity are two critical traits in sorghum breeding...
  59. Saballos A, Sattler S, Sanchez E, Foster T, Xin Z, Kang C, et al. Brown midrib2 (Bmr2) encodes the major 4-coumarate:coenzyme A ligase involved in lignin biosynthesis in sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench). Plant J. 2012;70:818-30 pubmed publisher
    ..Phylogenetic analysis of the sorghum genome revealed 24 4CL(-like) proteins, five of which cluster with bona fide 4CLs from other species...
  60. Ai Y, Medic J, Jiang H, Wang D, Jane J. Starch characterization and ethanol production of sorghum. J Agric Food Chem. 2011;59:7385-92 pubmed publisher
    ..to characterize and compare the chemical structures, physical properties, and enzymatic hydrolysis rates of five sorghum starches (6B73, 6C21, 6C69, 7R34, and X789) with that of corn starch (B73). Sorghum kernels consisted of 68.7-70...
  61. Calviño M, Bruggmann R, Messing J. Characterization of the small RNA component of the transcriptome from grain and sweet sorghum stems. BMC Genomics. 2011;12:356 pubmed publisher
    b>Sorghum belongs to the tribe of the Andropogoneae that includes potential biofuel crops like switchgrass, Miscanthus and successful biofuel crops like corn and sugarcane...
  62. Monreal J, Arias Baldrich C, Pérez Montaño F, Gandullo J, Echevarría C, García Mauriño S. Factors involved in the rise of phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase-kinase activity caused by salinity in sorghum leaves. Planta. 2013;237:1401-13 pubmed publisher
    Salinity increases phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase kinase (PEPCase-k) activity in sorghum leaves. This work has been focused on the mechanisms responsible for this phenomenon...
  63. Nelson J, Wang S, Wu Y, Li X, Antony G, White F, et al. Single-nucleotide polymorphism discovery by high-throughput sequencing in sorghum. BMC Genomics. 2011;12:352 pubmed publisher
    Eight diverse sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) accessions were subjected to short-read genome sequencing to characterize the distribution of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). Two strategies were used for DNA library preparation...
  64. McGoverin C, Engelbrecht P, Geladi P, Manley M. Characterisation of non-viable whole barley, wheat and sorghum grains using near-infrared hyperspectral data and chemometrics. Anal Bioanal Chem. 2011;401:2283-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Viability of barley, wheat and sorghum grains was investigated with near-infrared hyperspectral imaging...
  65. Gupta S, Kumari K, Sahu P, Vidapu S, Prasad M. Sequence-based novel genomic microsatellite markers for robust genotyping purposes in foxtail millet [Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv]. Plant Cell Rep. 2012;31:323-37 pubmed publisher
    ..silico comparative mapping of 147 foxtail millet microsatellite containing sequences against the mapping data of sorghum (~18%), maize (~16%) and rice (~5%) indicated the presence of orthologous sequences of the foxtail millet in the ..
  66. Wang Y, Poudel D, Hasenstein K. Identification of SSR markers associated with saccharification yield using pool-based genome-wide association mapping in sorghum. Genome. 2011;54:883-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Screening of 703 SSR markers against the low and high saccharification pools identified two markers on the sorghum chromosomes 2 (23-1062) and 4 (74-508c) associated with saccharification yield...
  67. Galle S, Schwab C, Dal Bello F, Coffey A, Ganzle M, Arendt E. Influence of in-situ synthesized exopolysaccharides on the quality of gluten-free sorghum sourdough bread. Int J Food Microbiol. 2012;155:105-12 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, the influence of in situ formed EPS on dough rheology and quality of gluten-free sorghum bread was investigated...
  68. Mall T, Dweikat I, Sato S, Neresian N, Xu K, Ge Z, et al. Expression of the rice CDPK-7 in sorghum: molecular and phenotypic analyses. Plant Mol Biol. 2011;75:467-79 pubmed publisher
    b>Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) is an important source for food, feed, and possesses many agronomic attributes attractive for a biofuels feedstock...
  69. Sun Q, Han Z, Wang L, Xiong L. Physicochemical differences between sorghum starch and sorghum flour modified by heat-moisture treatment. Food Chem. 2014;145:756-64 pubmed publisher
    b>Sorghum starch and sorghum flour were modified by heat-moisture treatment (HMT) at two different moisture contents, 20% and 25%. The result showed that solubility and swelling power of modified samples decreased...
  70. Jiang W, Zhou H, Bi H, Fromm M, Yang B, Weeks D. Demonstration of CRISPR/Cas9/sgRNA-mediated targeted gene modification in Arabidopsis, tobacco, sorghum and rice. Nucleic Acids Res. 2013;41:e188 pubmed publisher
    ..the Cas9/sgRNA system in two dicot plant species, Arabidopsis and tobacco, and two monocot crop species, rice and sorghum. Agrobacterium tumefaciens was used for delivery of genes encoding Cas9, sgRNA and a non-fuctional, mutant green ..
  71. Liu X, Lu T, Dou Y, Yu B, Zhang C. Identification of RNA silencing components in soybean and sorghum. BMC Bioinformatics. 2014;15:4 pubmed publisher
    ..of putative genes that are required for the generation and function of miRNAs and siRNAs in soybean and sorghum, based on knowledge obtained from Arabidopsis...
  72. Uddin M, Park W, Kim Y, Pyon J, Park S. Effects of auxins on sorgoleone accumulation and genes for sorgoleone biosynthesis in sorghum roots. J Agric Food Chem. 2011;59:12948-53 pubmed publisher
    Sorgoleone is a major component of the hydrophobic root exudate of Sorghum bicolor and is of particular interest to plant chemical ecology as well as agriculture...
  73. Rodríguez M, Mendiondo G, Cantoro R, Auge G, Luna V, Masciarelli O, et al. Expression of seed dormancy in grain sorghum lines with contrasting pre-harvest sprouting behavior involves differential regulation of gibberellin metabolism genes. Plant Cell Physiol. 2012;53:64-80 pubmed publisher
    Grain sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L) moench] exhibits intraspecific variability for the rate of dormancy release and pre-harvest sprouting behavior...
  74. Ye C, Li T, Tuskan G, Tschaplinski T, Yang X. Comparative analysis of GT14/GT14-like gene family in Arabidopsis, Oryza, Populus, Sorghum and Vitis. Plant Sci. 2011;181:688-95 pubmed publisher
    ..this study, we identified 62 GT14 and 106 DUF266 genes (named GT14-like herein) in Arabidopsis, Oryza, Populus, Sorghum and Vitis...
  75. Wang C, Ng C, Lin H, Shyu Y. Free radical-scavenging and tyrosinase-inhibiting activities of extracts from sorghum distillery residue. J Biosci Bioeng. 2011;111:554-6 pubmed publisher
    This study evaluated the potential free radical-scavenging and tyrosinase-inhibiting activities of extracts from sorghum distillery residue (SDR)...
  76. Covshoff S, Furbank R, Leegood R, Hibberd J. Leaf rolling allows quantification of mRNA abundance in mesophyll cells of sorghum. J Exp Bot. 2013;64:807-13 pubmed publisher
    ..This study reports an adapted leaf-rolling method for the isolation of high-quality RNA from M cells of sorghum. Analysis of leaf cell structure, RNA integrity, and transcript abundance of marker genes demonstrated that the ..
  77. Wu Y, Li X, Xiang W, Zhu C, Lin Z, Wu Y, et al. Presence of tannins in sorghum grains is conditioned by different natural alleles of Tannin1. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012;109:10281-6 pubmed publisher
    b>Sorghum, an ancient old-world cereal grass, is the dietary staple of over 500 million people in more than 30 countries in the tropics and semitropics...
  78. Bisimwa G, Owino V, Bahwere P, Dramaix M, Donnen P, Dibari F, et al. Randomized controlled trial of the effectiveness of a soybean-maize-sorghum-based ready-to-use complementary food paste on infant growth in South Kivu, Democratic Republic of Congo. Am J Clin Nutr. 2012;95:1157-64 pubmed publisher
    ..Evidence of the effectiveness of lipid-based ready-to-use complementary foods (RUCF) at improving linear growth among infants aged 6-12 mo is scarce, and further work is warranted...
  79. Mace E, Singh V, Van Oosterom E, Hammer G, Hunt C, Jordan D. QTL for nodal root angle in sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) co-locate with QTL for traits associated with drought adaptation. Theor Appl Genet. 2012;124:97-109 pubmed publisher
    Nodal root angle in sorghum influences vertical and horizontal root distribution in the soil profile and is thus relevant to drought adaptation...
  80. Mace E, Jordan D. Integrating sorghum whole genome sequence information with a compendium of sorghum QTL studies reveals uneven distribution of QTL and of gene-rich regions with significant implications for crop improvement. Theor Appl Genet. 2011;123:169-91 pubmed publisher
    A comprehensive analysis was conducted using 48 sorghum QTL studies published from 1995 to 2010 to make information from historical sorghum QTL experiments available in a form that could be more readily used by sorghum researchers and ..
  81. Muraya M, Mutegi E, Geiger H, de Villiers S, Sagnard F, Kanyenji B, et al. Wild sorghum from different eco-geographic regions of Kenya display a mixed mating system. Theor Appl Genet. 2011;122:1631-9 pubmed publisher
    ..However, literature on the outcrossing rate is limited in terms of wild sorghum species coverage and eco-geographic reference...