setaria plant


Summary: A plant genus of the family POACEAE. The small pointed seeds are grown for hay in North America and western Europe and important as food in China and other Asian countries.

Top Publications

  1. Doust A, Devos K, Gadberry M, Gale M, Kellogg E. The genetic basis for inflorescence variation between foxtail and green millet (poaceae). Genetics. 2005;169:1659-72 pubmed
    ..Searches of regions of the sequenced rice genome orthologous to QTL regions on foxtail millet identified a number of transcription factors and hormone pathway genes that may be involved in control of inflorescence branching...
  2. Peng Y, Zhang J, Cao G, Xie Y, Liu X, Lu M, et al. Overexpression of a PLD?1 gene from Setaria italica enhances the sensitivity of Arabidopsis to abscisic acid and improves its drought tolerance. Plant Cell Rep. 2010;29:793-802 pubmed publisher
    ..Moreover, no obvious adverse effects on growth and development in the 35S::SiPLDalpha1 transgenic plants implied that SiPLDalpha1 is a good candidate gene for improving crop drought tolerance...
  3. Gupta S, Kumari K, Sahu P, Vidapu S, Prasad M. Sequence-based novel genomic microsatellite markers for robust genotyping purposes in foxtail millet [Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv]. Plant Cell Rep. 2012;31:323-37 pubmed publisher
    ..The result thus demonstrates the applicability of microsatellite markers in various genotyping applications, determining phylogenetic relationships and comparative mapping in several important grass species...
  4. Bennetzen J, Schmutz J, Wang H, Percifield R, Hawkins J, Pontaroli A, et al. Reference genome sequence of the model plant Setaria. Nat Biotechnol. 2012;30:555-61 pubmed publisher
    ..The genetic basis of this adaptation was investigated by comparing five sequenced grass genomes. We also used the diploid Setaria genome to evaluate the ongoing genome assembly of a related polyploid, switchgrass (Panicum virgatum)...
  5. Li P, Brutnell T. Setaria viridis and Setaria italica, model genetic systems for the Panicoid grasses. J Exp Bot. 2011;62:3031-7 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition to serving as excellent models for C(4) photosynthesis, these grasses provide novel opportunities to study abiotic stress tolerance and as models for bioenergy feedstocks...
  6. Doust A, Devos K, Gadberry M, Gale M, Kellogg E. Genetic control of branching in foxtail millet. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2004;101:9045-50 pubmed
  7. Puranik S, Jha S, Srivastava P, Sreenivasulu N, Prasad M. Comparative transcriptome analysis of contrasting foxtail millet cultivars in response to short-term salinity stress. J Plant Physiol. 2011;168:280-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Our findings provide evidence that the unknown genes identified in this study, in addition to several known genes, may play important roles in stress tolerance mechanisms present in foxtail millet...
  8. Jia G, Huang X, Zhi H, Zhao Y, Zhao Q, Li W, et al. A haplotype map of genomic variations and genome-wide association studies of agronomic traits in foxtail millet (Setaria italica). Nat Genet. 2013;45:957-61 pubmed publisher
    ..We also identified 36 selective sweeps that seem to have occurred during modern breeding. This study provides fundamental resources for genetics research and genetic improvement in foxtail millet. ..
  9. Gupta S, Kumari K, Das J, Lata C, Puranik S, Prasad M. Development and utilization of novel intron length polymorphic markers in foxtail millet (Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv.). Genome. 2011;54:586-602 pubmed publisher
    ..Based on 26 ILP markers, a reasonable dendrogram of 45 foxtail millet accessions was constructed, demonstrating the utility of ILP markers in germplasm characterizations and genomic relationships in millets and nonmillets species...

More Information


  1. Zhang J, Liu T, Fu J, Zhu Y, Jia J, Zheng J, et al. Construction and application of EST library from Setaria italica in response to dehydration stress. Genomics. 2007;90:121-31 pubmed
    ..Moreover, protein degradation pathway may also play a pivotal role in drought-tolerant responses of foxtail millet. Finally, Northern blot analysis validated well the cDNA microarray data...
  2. Jayaraman A, Puranik S, Rai N, Vidapu S, Sahu P, Lata C, et al. cDNA-AFLP analysis reveals differential gene expression in response to salt stress in foxtail millet (Setaria italica L.). Mol Biotechnol. 2008;40:241-51 pubmed publisher
    ..The direct and indirect relationship of identified TDFs with salinity tolerance mechanism is discussed...
  3. Lata C, Gupta S, Prasad M. Foxtail millet: a model crop for genetic and genomic studies in bioenergy grasses. Crit Rev Biotechnol. 2013;33:328-43 pubmed publisher
  4. Fukunaga K, Ichitani K, Kawase M. Phylogenetic analysis of the rDNA intergenic spacer subrepeats and its implication for the domestication history of foxtail millet, Setaria italica. Theor Appl Genet. 2006;113:261-9 pubmed
    ..Sequence polymorphism of subrepeats of types I-III indicated that subrepeats of subtype IIa are greatly divergent from others. Relationships among types I-III are much more complicated than anticipated based on previous RFLP work...
  5. Puranik S, Bahadur R, Srivastava P, Prasad M. Molecular cloning and characterization of a membrane associated NAC family gene, SiNAC from foxtail millet [Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv]. Mol Biotechnol. 2011;49:138-50 pubmed publisher
    ..These results suggest that SiNAC encodes a membrane associated NAC-domain protein that may function as a transcriptional activator in response to stress and developmental regulation in plants...
  6. Mauro Herrera M, Wang X, Barbier H, Brutnell T, Devos K, Doust A. Genetic control and comparative genomic analysis of flowering time in Setaria (Poaceae). G3 (Bethesda). 2013;3:283-95 pubmed publisher
    ..This suggests that variation in flowering time in separate grass lineages is controlled by a combination of conserved and lineage specific genes...
  7. Lata C, Jha S, Dixit V, Sreenivasulu N, Prasad M. Differential antioxidative responses to dehydration-induced oxidative stress in core set of foxtail millet cultivars [Setaria italica (L.)]. Protoplasma. 2011;248:817-28 pubmed publisher
    ..These results suggest that tolerant cultivars possess wider array of antioxidant machinery with efficient ascorbate-glutathione pathway to cope with drought-induced oxidative stress...
  8. Van K, Onoda S, Kim M, Kim K, Lee S. Allelic variation of the Waxy gene in foxtail millet [Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv.] by single nucleotide polymorphisms. Mol Genet Genomics. 2008;279:255-66 pubmed
    ..K (s) values and estimation of evolutionary events indicate early divergence of S. italica among cereal crops. This study suggested the Wx gene was one of the targets in the selection process during domestication...
  9. Zhang G, Liu X, Quan Z, Cheng S, Xu X, Pan S, et al. Genome sequence of foxtail millet (Setaria italica) provides insights into grass evolution and biofuel potential. Nat Biotechnol. 2012;30:549-54 pubmed publisher
    ..Rearrangements in the C(4) photosynthesis pathway were also identified...
  10. Doust A, Kellogg E. Effect of genotype and environment on branching in weedy green millet (Setaria viridis) and domesticated foxtail millet (Setaria italica) (Poaceae). Mol Ecol. 2006;15:1335-49 pubmed
    ..Phytochrome B, which has been found to affect response to shading in other plants, explains little or no variation. Much variation in branching is explained by QTL that do not have obvious candidate genes from maize or rice...
  11. Lu H, Zhang J, Wu N, Liu K, Xu D, Li Q. Phytoliths analysis for the discrimination of Foxtail millet (Setaria italica) and Common millet (Panicum miliaceum). PLoS ONE. 2009;4:e4448 pubmed publisher
    ..Our findings also have important implications in the fields of plant taxonomy, agricultural archaeology, and the culture history of ancient civilizations...
  12. Lata C, Sahu P, Prasad M. Comparative transcriptome analysis of differentially expressed genes in foxtail millet (Setaria italica L.) during dehydration stress. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2010;393:720-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The possible relationship of the identified transcripts with dehydration tolerance mechanism is discussed...
  13. B V, Muthamilarasan M, Misra G, Prasad M. FmMDb: a versatile database of foxtail millet markers for millets and bioenergy grasses research. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e71418 pubmed publisher
    ..FmMDb is the first database which provides complete marker information to the plant science community attempting to produce elite cultivars of millet and bioenergy grass species, thus addressing global food insecurity. ..
  14. Lata C, Bhutty S, Bahadur R, Majee M, Prasad M. Association of an SNP in a novel DREB2-like gene SiDREB2 with stress tolerance in foxtail millet [Setaria italica (L.)]. J Exp Bot. 2011;62:3387-401 pubmed publisher
    ..The use of this ASM might be faster, cheaper, and more reproducible than other SNP genotyping methods, and thus will enable marker-aided breeding of foxtail millet for dehydration tolerance...
  15. Jia X, Zhang Z, Liu Y, Zhang C, Shi Y, Song Y, et al. Development and genetic mapping of SSR markers in foxtail millet [Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv.]. Theor Appl Genet. 2009;118:821-9 pubmed publisher
  16. Doust A, Kellogg E, Devos K, Bennetzen J. Foxtail millet: a sequence-driven grass model system. Plant Physiol. 2009;149:137-41 pubmed publisher
  17. Kawase M, Fukunaga K, Kato K. Diverse origins of waxy foxtail millet crops in East and Southeast Asia mediated by multiple transposable element insertions. Mol Genet Genomics. 2005;274:131-40 pubmed
    ..The GBSS1 gene in foxtail millet provides a new example of the evolution of a gene involved in the processes of domestication and its post-domestication fate under the influence of human selection...
  18. Pandey G, Misra G, Kumari K, Gupta S, Parida S, Chattopadhyay D, et al. Genome-wide development and use of microsatellite markers for large-scale genotyping applications in foxtail millet [Setaria italica (L.)]. DNA Res. 2013;20:197-207 pubmed publisher
  19. Wang C, Jia G, Zhi H, Niu Z, Chai Y, Li W, et al. Genetic diversity and population structure of Chinese foxtail millet [Setaria italica (L.) Beauv.] landraces. G3 (Bethesda). 2012;2:769-77 pubmed publisher
    ..Linkage disequilibrium (LD) decay of less than 20 cM of genetic distance in the foxtail millet landrace genome was observed, which suggests that it could be possible to achieve resolution down to the 20 cM level for association mapping...
  20. Hirano R, Naito K, Fukunaga K, Watanabe K, Ohsawa R, Kawase M. Genetic structure of landraces in foxtail millet (Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv.) revealed with transposon display and interpretation to crop evolution of foxtail millet. Genome. 2011;54:498-506 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, we discuss the relationship between foxtail millet and green foxtail and suggest a monophyletic origin of foxtail millet domestication...
  21. Wang C, Chen J, Zhi H, Yang L, Li W, Wang Y, et al. Population genetics of foxtail millet and its wild ancestor. BMC Genet. 2010;11:90 pubmed publisher
  22. Brutnell T, Wang L, Swartwood K, Goldschmidt A, Jackson D, Zhu X, et al. Setaria viridis: a model for C4 photosynthesis. Plant Cell. 2010;22:2537-44 pubmed publisher
    ..viridis as a genetic system. These include our recent successful efforts at regenerating plants from seed callus, establishing a transient transformation system, and developing stable transformation...
  23. Mishra A, Puranik S, Bahadur R, Prasad M. The DNA-binding activity of an AP2 protein is involved in transcriptional regulation of a stress-responsive gene, SiWD40, in foxtail millet. Genomics. 2012;100:252-63 pubmed publisher
    ..Our study thus provides a vital clue for near future research on the stress-regulation of WD proteins...
  24. Sreenivasulu N, Miranda M, Prakash H, Wobus U, Weschke W. Transcriptome changes in foxtail millet genotypes at high salinity: identification and characterization of a PHGPX gene specifically upregulated by NaCl in a salt-tolerant line. J Plant Physiol. 2004;161:467-77 pubmed
  25. Borrayo E, Machida Hirano R, Takeya M, Kawase M, Watanabe K. Principal components analysis--K-means transposon element based foxtail millet core collection selection method. BMC Genet. 2016;17:42 pubmed publisher
    ..This approach will be beneficial for genetic resources management and research activities for S. italica as well as other genetic resources. ..
  26. Narayanan J, Sanjeevi V, Rohini U, Trueman P, Viswanathan V. Postprandial glycaemic response of foxtail millet dosa in comparison to a rice dosa in patients with type 2 diabetes. Indian J Med Res. 2016;144:712-717 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, millets may have a protective role in the management of hyperglycaemia. Further studies need to be done in a systematic manner to confirm these findings. ..
  27. Shan S, Li Z, Newton I, Zhao C, Li Z, Guo M. A novel protein extracted from foxtail millet bran displays anti-carcinogenic effects in human colon cancer cells. Toxicol Lett. 2014;227:129-38 pubmed publisher
    ..Notably, FMBP has much lower toxicity in normal colon epithelial cells. Taken together, FMBP has targeted anti-colon cancer effects and may serve as a therapeutic agent against colon cancer. ..
  28. Rapp M, Schein J, Hunt K, Nalam V, Mourad G, Schultes N. The solute specificity profiles of nucleobase cation symporter 1 (NCS1) from Zea mays and Setaria viridis illustrate functional flexibility. Protoplasma. 2016;253:611-23 pubmed publisher
    ..The data presented here reveal that within Viridiplantae, NCS1 proteins transport a broad range of nucleobase compounds and that the solute specificity profile varies with species. ..
  29. Kraemer T, Hunsche M, Noga G. Surfactant-induced deposit structures in relation to the biological efficacy of glyphosate on easy- and difficult-to-wet weed species. Pest Manag Sci. 2009;65:844-50 pubmed publisher
    ..A scanning electron microscope with energy dispersive X-ray microanalysis has been used to characterise residue patterns and to quantify the area ultimately covered by glyphosate within the droplet spread area...
  30. Délye C, Menchari Y, Michel S, Darmency H. Molecular bases for sensitivity to tubulin-binding herbicides in green foxtail. Plant Physiol. 2004;136:3920-32 pubmed
  31. Feng Z, Xu Z, Sun J, Li L, Chen M, Yang G, et al. Investigation of the ASR family in foxtail millet and the role of ASR1 in drought/oxidative stress tolerance. Plant Cell Rep. 2016;35:115-28 pubmed publisher
    ..These results provide a foundation for evolutionary and functional characterization of the ASR gene family in foxtail millet. ..
  32. Gikonyo E, Zaharah A, Hanafi M, Anuar R. Comparison of soil phosphorus tests for assessing plant availability of phosphorus in an ultisol amended with water-soluble and phosphate rock sources. ScientificWorldJournal. 2010;10:1679-93 pubmed publisher
    ..For cost-effective fertilizer P recommendations based on conventional soil tests, there is a need to conduct separate calibrations for TSP- and PR-fertilized soils. ..
  33. Qi X, Xie S, Liu Y, Yi F, Yu J. Genome-wide annotation of genes and noncoding RNAs of foxtail millet in response to simulated drought stress by deep sequencing. Plant Mol Biol. 2013;83:459-73 pubmed publisher
    ..Our findings provide new insights into drought-induced changes in the foxtail millet transcriptome. ..
  34. Creech J, Monaco T, Evans J. Photosynthetic and growth responses of zea mays L and four weed species following post-emergence treatments with mesotrione and atrazinet. Pest Manag Sci. 2004;60:1079-84 pubmed
    ..Shoot dry mass of broadleaf weeds was significantly reduced by all three herbicide treatments, except for A retroflexus treated with mesotrione alone. ..
  35. Luan Y, Wang B, Zhao Q, Ao G, Yu J. Ectopic expression of foxtail millet zip-like gene, SiPf40, in transgenic rice plants causes a pleiotropic phenotype affecting tillering, vascular distribution and root development. Sci China Life Sci. 2010;53:1450-8 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings strongly suggest that SiPf40 plays an important role in plant architecture. ..
  36. Fukunaga K, Ichitani K, Taura S, Sato M, Kawase M. Ribosomal DNA intergenic spacer sequence in foxtail millet, Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv. and its characterization and application to typing of foxtail millet landraces. Hereditas. 2005;142:38-44 pubmed
    ..This new method facilitates analyses of numerous foxtail millet accessions. It is helpful for typing of foxtail millet germplasms and elucidating the evolution of this millet. ..
  37. Grossmann K, Ehrhardt T. On the mechanism of action and selectivity of the corn herbicide topramezone: a new inhibitor of 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate dioxygenase. Pest Manag Sci. 2007;63:429-39 pubmed
    ..Metabolism of foliar-applied [(14)C]topramezone was far more rapid in corn than in the weeds. A more rapid metabolism combined with a lower sensitivity of the 4-HPPD target enzyme contributes to the tolerance of corn to topramezone. ..
  38. You Q, Zhang L, Yi X, Zhang Z, Xu W, Su Z. SIFGD: Setaria italica Functional Genomics Database. Mol Plant. 2015;8:967-70 pubmed publisher
  39. Xiang F, Xia G, Zhi D, Wang J, Nie H, Chen H. Regeneration of somatic hybrids in relation to the nuclear and cytoplasmic genomes of wheat and Setaria italica. Genome. 2004;47:680-8 pubmed
    ..These results indicate that the regeneration of hybrid plants involves not only the integration of S. italica nuclear and organellar DNA, but also the genome complementation of T1 and T2...
  40. Banerjee S, Johnson G. Coregionalized single- and multiresolution spatially varying growth curve modeling with application to weed growth. Biometrics. 2006;62:864-76 pubmed
    ..We illustrate using data from weed growth experiments conducted in Waseca, Minnesota, that recorded growth of the weed Setaria spp. in a spatially replicated design. ..
  41. Santana B, de Araújo T, Andrade G, de Freitas Silva L, Kuki K, Pereira E, et al. Leaf morphoanatomy of species tolerant to excess iron and evaluation of their phytoextraction potential. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2014;21:2550-62 pubmed publisher
    ..This species accumulated more iron in shoots than S. parviflora and therefore is more favorable for use in phytoextraction. The root system of both species accumulated higher iron concentrations in relation to shoots. ..
  42. Bendix J, Silva B, Roos K, Göttlicher D, Rollenbeck R, Nauss T, et al. Model parameterization to simulate and compare the PAR absorption potential of two competing plant species. Int J Biometeorol. 2010;54:283-95 pubmed publisher
    ..This means that neither bracken nor Setaria show a distinct advantage in PAR absorption capability under the current climatic conditions of the study area...
  43. Chhavi A, Sarita S. Evaluation of composite millet breads for sensory and nutritional qualities and glycemic response. Malays J Nutr. 2012;18:89-101 pubmed
    ..This study was undertaken with the objectives of formulating composite bread by utilising finger millet flour and foxtail millet flour and further to evaluate these breads for sensory, nutritional qualities, and glycemic response...
  44. Li H, Yang Y. Phenotypic plasticity of life history characteristics: quantitative analysis of delayed reproduction of green foxtail (Setaria viridis) in the Songnen Plain of China. J Integr Plant Biol. 2008;50:641-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Based on the quantity and quality of seed production, weeding young seedlings emerging before July can be the most effective weed-control strategy in the Songnen Plain...
  45. Shi Y, Wang T, Li Y, Darmency H. Impact of transgene inheritance on the mitigation of gene flow between crops and their wild relatives: the example of foxtail millet. Genetics. 2008;180:969-75 pubmed publisher
  46. Xu W, Wei L, Qu W, Liang Z, Wang J, Peng X, et al. A novel antifungal peptide from foxtail millet seeds. J Sci Food Agric. 2011;91:1630-7 pubmed publisher
  47. Muthamilarasan M, Venkata Suresh B, Pandey G, Kumari K, Parida S, Prasad M. Development of 5123 intron-length polymorphic markers for large-scale genotyping applications in foxtail millet. DNA Res. 2014;21:41-52 pubmed publisher
  48. Feldman M, Paul R, Banan D, Barrett J, Sebastian J, Yee M, et al. Time dependent genetic analysis links field and controlled environment phenotypes in the model C4 grass Setaria. PLoS Genet. 2017;13:e1006841 pubmed publisher
    ..viridis parent act to increase plant height early, whereas a larger number of small effect alleles inherited from the domesticated S. italica parent collectively act to increase plant height later in development...
  49. Wang Y, Li Z, Pan J, Li Y, Wang Q, Guan Y, et al. Cloning and functional analysis of the SiRLK35 gene in Setaria italic L. Yi Chuan. 2017;39:413-422 pubmed publisher
    ..We propose that SiRLK35 may participate in salt and stress resistance processes, which could provide potential theoretical foundation for the stress resistance varieties cultivation and breeding of foxtail millet...
  50. Wang T, Picard J, Tian X, Darmency H. A herbicide-resistant ACCase 1781 Setaria mutant shows higher fitness than wild type. Heredity (Edinb). 2010;105:394-400 pubmed publisher
    ..It is suggested that autogamous species like Setaria could not develop a resistant population without the help of a linkage with a gene producing a higher fitness...
  51. Saha P, Blumwald E. Spike-dip transformation of Setaria viridis. Plant J. 2016;86:89-101 pubmed publisher
    ..This approach provides opportunities for the high-throughput transformation and potentially facilitates translational research in a monocot model plant. ..
  52. Darmency H, Picard J, Wang T. Fitness costs linked to dinitroaniline resistance mutation in Setaria. Heredity (Edinb). 2011;107:80-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Although the presence of the mutant allele accounted for 20% yield losses, there were also measurable benefits of dinitroaniline resistance, and these benefits are discussed...
  53. Zhang J, Lu H, Wu N, Yang X, Diao X. Phytolith analysis for differentiating between foxtail millet (Setaria italica) and green foxtail (Setaria viridis). PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e19726 pubmed publisher
    ..The implications of these findings for understanding the history of foxtail millet domestication and cultivation in ancient civilizations are significant. ..
  54. Bangoura M, Nsor Atindana J, Ming Z. Solvent optimization extraction of antioxidants from foxtail millet species' insoluble fibers and their free radical scavenging properties. Food Chem. 2013;141:736-44 pubmed publisher
    ..In general, the yellow species contained more antioxidants in comparison with the white one and this accounted for its high antioxidant activity...
  55. Liu Y, Feng X, Xu Y, Yu J, Ao G, Peng Z, et al. Overexpression of millet ZIP-like gene (SiPf40) affects lateral bud outgrowth in tobacco and millet. Plant Physiol Biochem. 2009;47:1051-60 pubmed publisher
    ..Moreover, IAA content decreased significantly in shoot apex of the transgenic tobacco overexpressing SiPf40 gene. All together, these morphological alterations indicate that SiPf40 gene is essential for lateral shoots growth. ..
  56. Zhang J, Liu T, Zheng J, Jin Z, Zhu Y, Guo J, et al. Cloning and characterization of a putative 12-oxophytodienoic acid reductase cDNA induced by osmotic stress in roots of foxtail millet. DNA Seq. 2007;18:138-44 pubmed
    ..However, SiOPR1 expression was not affected by ABA, NaCl and MeJA treatments both in roots and shoots. Therefore, it is suggested that SiOPR1 gene play an important role in response to drought stress...
  57. Wang G, Han J, Faiia A, Tan W, Shi W, Liu X. Experimental measurements of leaf carbon isotope discrimination and gas exchange in the progenies of Plantago depressa and Setaria viridis collected from a wide altitudinal range. Physiol Plant. 2008;134:64-73 pubmed publisher
    ..The observations suggest that altitudinal variations in Delta and gas exchange are not because of genotypic differences, independent of photosynthetic type...
  58. Choi Y, Osada K, Ito Y, Nagasawa T, Choi M, Nishizawa N. Effects of dietary protein of Korean foxtail millet on plasma adiponectin, HDL-cholesterol, and insulin levels in genetically type 2 diabetic mice. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2005;69:31-7 pubmed
    ..Therefore, FMP would serve as another beneficial food component in obesity-related diseases such as type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases...
  59. Wang Y, Li L, Tang S, Liu J, Zhang H, Zhi H, et al. Combined small RNA and degradome sequencing to identify miRNAs and their targets in response to drought in foxtail millet. BMC Genet. 2016;17:57 pubmed publisher
    ..italica in response to drought. This preliminary characterization provided useful information for further studies on the regulatory networks of drought-responsive miRNAs in foxtail millet. ..
  60. Wang T, Shi Y, Li Y, Darmency H. Testing coexistence and genetic containment for an autogamous crop. Transgenic Res. 2009;18:809-13 pubmed publisher
    ..Recessive herbicide resistance has also been tested but would be efficient only if the agreed coexistence rules were based on phenotype detection...
  61. Kumari K, Muthamilarasan M, Misra G, Gupta S, Subramanian A, Parida S, et al. Development of eSSR-Markers in Setaria italica and Their Applicability in Studying Genetic Diversity, Cross-Transferability and Comparative Mapping in Millet and Non-Millet Species. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e67742 pubmed publisher
  62. Li W, Tang S, Zhang S, Shan J, Tang C, Chen Q, et al. Gene mapping and functional analysis of the novel leaf color gene SiYGL1 in foxtail millet [Setaria italica (L.) P. Beauv]. Physiol Plant. 2016;157:24-37 pubmed publisher
  63. Xu J, Li Y, Ma X, Ding J, Wang K, Wang S, et al. Whole transcriptome analysis using next-generation sequencing of model species Setaria viridis to support C4 photosynthesis research. Plant Mol Biol. 2013;83:77-87 pubmed publisher
    ..This identified transcripts and SSR provided by this study can be used for both reverse and forward genetic studies based on S. viridis. ..
  64. Costanzo K, Muturi E, Lampman R, Alto B. The effects of resource type and ratio on competition with Aedes albopictus and Culex pipiens (Diptera:Culicidae). J Med Entomol. 2011;48:29-38 pubmed
    ..Despite some resource conditions alleviating the competitive effects of Ae. albopictus on Cx. pipiens, competition remained asymmetric; thus, additional mechanisms are likely operating under field conditions when the two species coexist...
  65. Okokon J, Ubulom P, Udokpoh A. Antiplasmodial activity of Setaria megaphylla. Phytother Res. 2007;21:366-8 pubmed
    ..05) mean survival time comparable to that of the standard drug, chloroquine, 5 mg/kg/day. The leaf extract possesses a promising antiplasmodial activity in vivo which can be exploited in malaria therapy...
  66. Ni X, Xia Q, Zhang H, Cheng S, Li H, Fan G, et al. Updated foxtail millet genome assembly and gene mapping of nine key agronomic traits by resequencing a RIL population. Gigascience. 2017;6:1-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The whole genome resequencing and QTL mapping provided important tools for foxtail millet research and breeding. Resequencing of the RILs could also provide an effective way for high-quality genome assembly and gene identification. ..
  67. Olmer K, Hibbard B. The nutritive value of dying maize and Setaria faberi roots for western corn rootworm (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) development. J Econ Entomol. 2008;101:1547-56 pubmed
  68. Wang G, Liu H, Li P, Ye X. [Pharmacognostical study on Fructus Hordei germinatus, Fructus Oryzae germinatus and Fructus Setariae germinatus]. Zhong Yao Cai. 2009;32:500-3 pubmed
    ..To establish the standard for quality control of Fructus Hordei germinatus, Fructus Oryzae germinatus and Fructus Setariae germinatus...
  69. Covshoff S, Burgess S, Kneřová J, Kümpers B. Getting the most out of natural variation in C4 photosynthesis. Photosynth Res. 2014;119:157-67 pubmed publisher
    ..bidentis and C. gynandra and to develop congeneric C3 species as genetic models for comparative studies. In combination, such resources would facilitate discovery of common and unique C4 regulatory mechanisms across genera. ..
  70. Pedras M, Ismail N, Quail J, Boyetchko S. Structure, chemistry, and biological activity of pseudophomins A and B, new cyclic lipodepsipeptides isolated from the biocontrol bacterium Pseudomonas fluorescens. Phytochemistry. 2003;62:1105-14 pubmed
    ..By contrast, pseudophomin A showed stronger inhibition of green foxtail (Setaria viridis) root germination than pseudophomin B...