panicum

Summary

Summary: A plant genus of the family POACEAE. The seed is one of the EDIBLE GRAINS used in millet cereals and in feed for birds and livestock (ANIMAL FEED). It contains diosgenin (SAPONINS).

Top Publications

  1. Somleva M, Snell K, Beaulieu J, Peoples O, Garrison B, Patterson N. Production of polyhydroxybutyrate in switchgrass, a value-added co-product in an important lignocellulosic biomass crop. Plant Biotechnol J. 2008;6:663-78 pubmed publisher
    ..In this paper, the successful engineering of the biomass crop switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) for the synthesis of polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) is reported...
  2. Keshwani D, Cheng J. Switchgrass for bioethanol and other value-added applications: a review. Bioresour Technol. 2009;100:1515-23 pubmed publisher
    ..Future prospects for research include increased biomass yields, optimization of feedstock composition for bioenergy applications, and efficient pentose fermentation to improve ethanol yields...
  3. Escamilla Trevino L, Shen H, Hernandez T, Yin Y, Xu Y, Dixon R. Early lignin pathway enzymes and routes to chlorogenic acid in switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.). Plant Mol Biol. 2014;84:565-76 pubmed publisher
    Studying lignin biosynthesis in Panicum virgatum (switchgrass) has provided a basis for generating plants with reduced lignin content and increased saccharification efficiency...
  4. Nabity P, Orpet R, Miresmailli S, Berenbaum M, DeLucia E. Silica and nitrogen modulate physical defense against chewing insect herbivores in bioenergy crops Miscanthus x Giganteus and Panicum virgatum (Poaceae). J Econ Entomol. 2012;105:878-83 pubmed
    ..United States, miscanthus (Miscanthus x giganteus Greef and Deuter ex Hodkinson and Renvoize) and switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L...
  5. Todd J, Wu Y, Wang Z, Samuels T. Genetic diversity in tetraploid switchgrass revealed by AFLP marker polymorphisms. Genet Mol Res. 2011;10:2976-86 pubmed publisher
    Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum) is a perennial warm-season grass native to North America that has been identified as a dedicated cellulosic biofuel crop...
  6. Qiu W, Scholthof K. Defective interfering RNAs of a satellite virus. J Virol. 2001;75:5429-32 pubmed
    b>Panicum mosaic virus (PMV) is a recently molecularly characterized RNA virus with the unique feature of supporting the replication of two subviral RNAs in a few species of the family Gramineae...
  7. Varsani A, Oluwafemi S, Windram O, Shepherd D, Monjane A, Owor B, et al. Panicum streak virus diversity is similar to that observed for maize streak virus. Arch Virol. 2008;153:601-4 pubmed publisher
  8. Ramamoorthy R, Kumar P. A simplified protocol for genetic transformation of switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.). Plant Cell Rep. 2012;31:1923-31 pubmed publisher
    ..An efficient, simplified switchgrass genetic transformation method with NB(0) basal medium and mature seeds as inoculum was developed. The appropriate concentrations of hormones and selection agent are described. ..
  9. Hu X, Wang J, Lu P, Zhang H. Assessment of genetic diversity in broomcorn millet (Panicum miliaceum L.) using SSR markers. J Genet Genomics. 2009;36:491-500 pubmed publisher
    The genetic diversity of 118 accessions of broomcorn millet (Panicum miliaceum L.), collected from various ecological areas, was analyzed...

More Information

Publications71

  1. Xie F, Frazier T, Zhang B. Identification and characterization of microRNAs and their targets in the bioenergy plant switchgrass (Panicum virgatum). Planta. 2010;232:417-34 pubmed publisher
    ..thousands of miRNAs have been identified in many species, miRNAs have not yet been identified in switchgrass (Panicum virgatum), one of the most important bioenergy crops in the United States and around the world...
  2. Okada M, Lanzatella C, Saha M, Bouton J, Wu R, Tobias C. Complete switchgrass genetic maps reveal subgenome collinearity, preferential pairing and multilocus interactions. Genetics. 2010;185:745-60 pubmed publisher
    ..Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum) linkage maps were constructed using a full-sib population of 238 plants and SSR and STS markers to ..
  3. Tiwari K, Chandra A. Use of degenerate primers in rapid generation of microsatellite markers in Panicum maximum. J Environ Biol. 2010;31:965-8 pubmed
    Guineagrass (Panicum maximum Jacq.) is an important forage grass of tropical and semi-tropical regions, largely apomictic and predominantly exist in tetraploid form...
  4. Bouton J. Molecular breeding of switchgrass for use as a biofuel crop. Curr Opin Genet Dev. 2007;17:553-8 pubmed
    Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) is projected to become one of the main herbaceous, biofuel crops in United States...
  5. VanderGheynst J, Rezaei F, Dooley T, Berry A. Switchgrass leaching requirements for solid-state fermentation by Acidothermus cellulolyticus. Biotechnol Prog. 2010;26:622-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Upon extraction A. cellulolyticus colonized switchgrass in solid fermentation without exogenous addition of carbon and nitrogen sources. It is the first demonstration of growth of A. cellulolyticus in solid fermentation...
  6. Pinto H, Tissue D, Ghannoum O. Panicum milioides (C(3)-C(4)) does not have improved water or nitrogen economies relative to C(3) and C(4) congeners exposed to industrial-age climate change. J Exp Bot. 2011;62:3223-34 pubmed publisher
    The physiological implications of C(3)-C(4) photosynthesis were investigated using closely related Panicum species exposed to industrial-age climate change. Panicum bisulcatum (C(3)), P. milioides (C(3)-C(4)), and P...
  7. Mazarei M, Al Ahmad H, Rudis M, Joyce B, Stewart C. Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) cell suspension cultures: Establishment, characterization, and application. Plant Sci. 2011;181:712-5 pubmed publisher
    Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) is a warm-season perennial grass that has received considerable attention as a potential dedicated biofuel and bioproduct feedstock...
  8. Saathoff A, Sarath G, Chow E, Dien B, Tobias C. Downregulation of cinnamyl-alcohol dehydrogenase in switchgrass by RNA silencing results in enhanced glucose release after cellulase treatment. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e16416 pubmed publisher
    ..When stained with the lignin and cutin specific stain phloroglucinol-HCl the staining intensity of one line indicated greater incorporation of hydroxycinnamyl aldehydes in the lignin...
  9. Chen L, Guan L, Seo M, Hoffmann F, Adachi T. Developmental expression of ASG- 1 during gametogenesis in apomictic guinea grass (Panicum maximum). J Plant Physiol. 2005;162:1141-8 pubmed
    ..during gametogenesis in obligate-sexual and facultative-apomictic (aposporic) genotypes of guinea grass (Panicum maximum)...
  10. Qiu W, Scholthof K. Satellite panicum mosaic virus capsid protein elicits symptoms on a nonhost plant and interferes with a suppressor of virus-induced gene silencing. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2004;17:263-71 pubmed
    The capsid protein (CP) of satellite panicum mosaic virus (SPMV) has been implicated as a pathogenicity factor, inducing severe chlorosis on millet plants co-infected with SPMV and its helper virus, Panicum mosaic virus (PMV)...
  11. Schnippenkoetter W, Martin D, Hughes F, Fyvie M, Willment J, James D, et al. The relative infectivities and genomic characterisation of three distinct mastreviruses from South Africa. Arch Virol. 2001;146:1075-88 pubmed
    ..and Panicum maximum (designated MSV-Kom, MSV-Set, and PanSV-Kar respectively), were determined...
  12. Qi D, Scholthof K. Multiple activities associated with the capsid protein of satellite panicum mosaic virus are controlled separately by the N- and C-terminal regions. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2008;21:613-21 pubmed publisher
    The 17-kDa capsid protein (CP) of satellite panicum mosaic virus (SPMV) contains a distinct N-terminal arginine-rich motif (N-ARM) which is required for SPMV virion assembly and the activity of SPMV CP to promote systemic accumulation of ..
  13. Fu C, Sunkar R, Zhou C, Shen H, Zhang J, Matts J, et al. Overexpression of miR156 in switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) results in various morphological alterations and leads to improved biomass production. Plant Biotechnol J. 2012;10:443-52 pubmed publisher
    Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) has been developed into a dedicated herbaceous bioenergy crop. Biomass yield is a major target trait for genetic improvement of switchgrass...
  14. Varsani A, Monjane A, Donaldson L, Oluwafemi S, Zinga I, Komba E, et al. Comparative analysis of Panicum streak virus and Maize streak virus diversity, recombination patterns and phylogeography. Virol J. 2009;6:194 pubmed publisher
    b>Panicum streak virus (PanSV; Family Geminiviridae; Genus Mastrevirus) is a close relative of Maize streak virus (MSV), the most serious viral threat to maize production in Africa...
  15. Lee S, Mitchell R, Wang Z, Heiss C, Gardner D, Azadi P. Isolation, characterization, and quantification of steroidal saponins in switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.). J Agric Food Chem. 2009;57:2599-604 pubmed publisher
    Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) has been identified for development into an efficient and environmentally friendly biomass energy crop...
  16. Li Y, Wang Y, Tang Y, Kakani V, Mahalingam R. Transcriptome analysis of heat stress response in switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.). BMC Plant Biol. 2013;13:153 pubmed publisher
    ..Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L...
  17. Qiu W, Scholthof K. Genetic identification of multiple biological roles associated with the capsid protein of satellite panicum mosaic virus. Mol Plant Microbe Interact. 2001;14:21-30 pubmed
    Satellite panicum mosaic virus (SPMV), an 824-nucleotide, positive-sense, single-stranded RNA virus, depends on Panicum mosaic virus (PMV) for replication and spread in host plants...
  18. Lu H, Zhang J, Wu N, Liu K, Xu D, Li Q. Phytoliths analysis for the discrimination of Foxtail millet (Setaria italica) and Common millet (Panicum miliaceum). PLoS ONE. 2009;4:e4448 pubmed publisher
    Foxtail millet (Setaria italica) and Common millet (Panicum miliaceum) are the oldest domesticated dry farming crops in Eurasia...
  19. Behrman K, Kiniry J, Winchell M, Juenger T, Keitt T. Spatial forecasting of switchgrass productivity under current and future climate change scenarios. Ecol Appl. 2013;23:73-85 pubmed
    ..Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.), a native perennial herbaceous grass, is a promising candidate for cellulosic feedstock production...
  20. Omarov R, Qi D, Scholthof K. The capsid protein of satellite Panicum mosaic virus contributes to systemic invasion and interacts with its helper virus. J Virol. 2005;79:9756-64 pubmed
    Satellite panicum mosaic virus (SPMV) depends on its helper Panicum mosaic virus (PMV) for replication and spread in host plants. The SPMV RNA encodes a 17-kDa capsid protein (CP) that is essential for formation of its 16-nm virions...
  21. Sharma M, Sharma R, Cao P, Jenkins J, Bartley L, Qualls M, et al. A genome-wide survey of switchgrass genome structure and organization. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e33892 pubmed publisher
    The perennial grass, switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.), is a promising bioenergy crop and the target of whole genome sequencing...
  22. Tobias C, Twigg P, Hayden D, Vogel K, Mitchell R, Lazo G, et al. Analysis of expressed sequence tags and the identification of associated short tandem repeats in switchgrass. Theor Appl Genet. 2005;111:956-64 pubmed
    ..A total of 334 gene clusters contained repeats representing 3.8% of the ESTs queried...
  23. Morris G, Grabowski P, Borevitz J. Genomic diversity in switchgrass (Panicum virgatum): from the continental scale to a dune landscape. Mol Ecol. 2011;20:4938-52 pubmed publisher
    ..Nuclear markers also support a deep lowland-upland split, followed by limited gene flow, and show extensive gene flow in the local population of the Indiana Dunes...
  24. Missaoui A, Paterson A, Bouton J. Investigation of genomic organization in switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) using DNA markers. Theor Appl Genet. 2005;110:1372-83 pubmed
    ..The information presented in this study establishes a foundation for extending genetic mapping in this crop and constitutes a framework for basic and applied genetic studies...
  25. Barton L, Newsome S, Chen F, Wang H, Guilderson T, Bettinger R. Agricultural origins and the isotopic identity of domestication in northern China. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009;106:5523-8 pubmed publisher
    ..between 7900 and 7200 calendar years before present (calBP) people harvested and stored enough broomcorn millet (Panicum miliaceum) to provision themselves and their hunting dogs (Canis sp.) throughout the year...
  26. Saski C, Li Z, Feltus F, Luo H. New genomic resources for switchgrass: a BAC library and comparative analysis of homoeologous genomic regions harboring bioenergy traits. BMC Genomics. 2011;12:369 pubmed publisher
    ..An extensive physical map providing enough information to resolve the homoeologous genomes would provide the necessary framework for accurate assembly of the switchgrass genome...
  27. Hunt H, Campana M, Lawes M, Park Y, Bower M, Howe C, et al. Genetic diversity and phylogeography of broomcorn millet (Panicum miliaceum L.) across Eurasia. Mol Ecol. 2011;20:4756-71 pubmed publisher
    Broomcorn millet (Panicum miliaceum L.) is one of the world's oldest cultivated cereals, with several lines of recent evidence indicating that it was grown in northern China from at least 10,000 cal bp...
  28. Zalapa J, Price D, Kaeppler S, Tobias C, Okada M, Casler M. Hierarchical classification of switchgrass genotypes using SSR and chloroplast sequences: ecotypes, ploidies, gene pools, and cultivars. Theor Appl Genet. 2011;122:805-17 pubmed publisher
    Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) is an important crop for bioenergy feedstock development...
  29. Lowry D, Purmal C, Meyer E, Juenger T. Microsatellite markers for the native Texas perennial grass, Panicum hallii (Poaceae). Am J Bot. 2012;99:e114-6 pubmed publisher
    We developed microsatellites for Panicum hallii for studies of gene flow, population structure, breeding experiments, and genetic mapping.
  30. Bennetzen J, Schmutz J, Wang H, Percifield R, Hawkins J, Pontaroli A, et al. Reference genome sequence of the model plant Setaria. Nat Biotechnol. 2012;30:555-61 pubmed publisher
    ..The genetic basis of this adaptation was investigated by comparing five sequenced grass genomes. We also used the diploid Setaria genome to evaluate the ongoing genome assembly of a related polyploid, switchgrass (Panicum virgatum).
  31. Sarath G, Akin D, Mitchell R, Vogel K. Cell-wall composition and accessibility to hydrolytic enzymes is differentially altered in divergently bred switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) genotypes. Appl Biochem Biotechnol. 2008;150:1-14 pubmed publisher
  32. Nguyen G, Lian Y, Pang E, Nguyen P, Tran T, Tam J. Discovery of linear cyclotides in monocot plant Panicum laxum of Poaceae family provides new insights into evolution and distribution of cyclotides in plants. J Biol Chem. 2013;288:3370-80 pubmed publisher
    ..report the discovery and characterization of nine novel linear cyclotides, designated as panitides L1-9, from the Panicum laxum of the Poaceae family and provide the first evidence of linear cyclotides at the protein level in a monocot ..
  33. Mann D, Lafayette P, Abercrombie L, King Z, Mazarei M, Halter M, et al. Gateway-compatible vectors for high-throughput gene functional analysis in switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) and other monocot species. Plant Biotechnol J. 2012;10:226-36 pubmed publisher
    Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L...
  34. Okokon J, Nwafor P, Andrew U. Antimalarial and analgesic activities of ethanolic leaf extract of Panicum maximum. Asian Pac J Trop Med. 2011;4:442-6 pubmed publisher
    To evaluate antiplasmodial and analgesic activities of ethanolic leaf extract/fractions of Panicum maximum...
  35. Divan Junior A, Oliva M, Martinez C, Cambraia J. Effects of fluoride emissions on two tropical grasses: Chloris gayana and Panicum maximum cv. Colonião. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf. 2007;67:247-53 pubmed
    ..to detect early effects of plant contamination by fluoride emission on two tropical grasses, Chloris gayana and Panicum maximum, previously cultivated under greenhouse conditions, were exposed to a single source of fluoride emission ..
  36. Mann D, King Z, Liu W, Joyce B, Percifield R, Hawkins J, et al. Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) polyubiquitin gene (PvUbi1 and PvUbi2) promoters for use in plant transformation. BMC Biotechnol. 2011;11:74 pubmed publisher
    ..Therefore, two switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) ubiquitin genes (PvUbi1 and PvUbi2) were cloned and characterized...
  37. Lowry D, Purmal C, Juenger T. A population genetic transect of Panicum hallii (Poaceae). Am J Bot. 2013;100:592-601 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Panicum hallii is an emerging model system for perennial grass and bioenergy research, yet very little is known about the ..
  38. Gladden J, Allgaier M, Miller C, Hazen T, VanderGheynst J, Hugenholtz P, et al. Glycoside hydrolase activities of thermophilic bacterial consortia adapted to switchgrass. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2011;77:5804-12 pubmed publisher
  39. Varanasi P, Singh P, Arora R, Adams P, Auer M, Simmons B, et al. Understanding changes in lignin of Panicum virgatum and Eucalyptus globulus as a function of ionic liquid pretreatment. Bioresour Technol. 2012;126:156-61 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Panicum virgatum and Eucalyptus globulus were pretreated with 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate ([C(2)mim][OAc])...
  40. Lu H, Yang X, Ye M, Liu K, Xia Z, Ren X, et al. Culinary archaeology: Millet noodles in Late Neolithic China. Nature. 2005;437:967-8 pubmed
    ..This shows that the conversion of ground millet flour into dough that could be repeatedly stretched into long, thin strands for the preparation of boiled noodles was already established in this region 4,000 years ago...
  41. Wang Y, Samuels T, Wu Y. Development of 1,030 genomic SSR markers in switchgrass. Theor Appl Genet. 2011;122:677-86 pubmed publisher
    Switchgrass, Panicum virgatum L...
  42. Zhang Y, Zalapa J, Jakubowski A, Price D, Acharya A, Wei Y, et al. Post-glacial evolution of Panicum virgatum: centers of diversity and gene pools revealed by SSR markers and cpDNA sequences. Genetica. 2011;139:933-48 pubmed publisher
    Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum), a central and Eastern USA native, is highly valued as a component in tallgrass prairie and savanna restoration and conservation projects and a potential bioenergy feedstock...
  43. Kwit C, Stewart C. Gene flow matters in switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.), a potential widespread biofuel feedstock. Ecol Appl. 2012;22:3-7 pubmed
    ..Here, we synthesize the current state of knowledge of gene flow in an exemplary biofuel crop, switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L...
  44. Qi D, Omarov R, Scholthof K. The complex subcellular distribution of satellite panicum mosaic virus capsid protein reflects its multifunctional role during infection. Virology. 2008;376:154-64 pubmed publisher
    Satellite panicum mosaic virus (SPMV) depends on its helper Panicum mosaic virus for replication and movement in host plants...
  45. D Haeseleer P, Gladden J, Allgaier M, Chain P, Tringe S, Malfatti S, et al. Proteogenomic analysis of a thermophilic bacterial consortium adapted to deconstruct switchgrass. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e68465 pubmed publisher
    ..These studies also indicate that there are unexplored proteins with important roles in bacterial lignocellulose deconstruction. ..
  46. Zhang J, Lee Y, Torres Jerez I, Wang M, Yin Y, Chou W, et al. Development of an integrated transcript sequence database and a gene expression atlas for gene discovery and analysis in switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.). Plant J. 2013;74:160-73 pubmed publisher
    Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) is a perennial C4 grass with the potential to become a major bioenergy crop. To help realize this potential, a set of RNA-based resources were developed...
  47. Schmer M, Vogel K, Mitchell R, Perrin R. Net energy of cellulosic ethanol from switchgrass. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008;105:464-9 pubmed publisher
    Perennial herbaceous plants such as switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) are being evaluated as cellulosic bioenergy crops. Two major concerns have been the net energy efficiency and economic feasibility of switchgrass and similar crops...
  48. Ersoz E, Wright M, Pangilinan J, Sheehan M, Tobias C, Casler M, et al. SNP discovery with EST and NextGen sequencing in switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.). PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e44112 pubmed publisher
    Although yield trials for switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L...
  49. Hunt H, Denyer K, Packman L, Jones M, Howe C. Molecular basis of the waxy endosperm starch phenotype in broomcorn millet (Panicum miliaceum L.). Mol Biol Evol. 2010;27:1478-94 pubmed publisher
    Waxy varieties of the tetraploid cereal broomcorn millet (Panicum miliaceum L.) have endosperm starch granules lacking detectable amylose. This study investigated the basis of this phenotype using molecular and biochemical methods...
  50. Meyer E, Logan T, Juenger T. Transcriptome analysis and gene expression atlas for Panicum hallii var. filipes, a diploid model for biofuel research. Plant J. 2012;70:879-90 pubmed publisher
    b>Panicum hallii is an emerging model for genetic studies of agronomic traits in Panicum, presenting a tractable diploid alternative study system to the tetra- or octaploid biofuel crop switchgrass (Panicum virgatum)...
  51. Gladden J, Eichorst S, Hazen T, Simmons B, Singer S. Substrate perturbation alters the glycoside hydrolase activities and community composition of switchgrass-adapted bacterial consortia. Biotechnol Bioeng. 2012;109:1140-5 pubmed publisher
    ..These results demonstrate that the composition of biomass substrates influences the glycoside hydrolase activities and community composition of biomass-deconstructing bacterial consortia...
  52. Sun G, Stewart C, Xiao P, Zhang B. MicroRNA expression analysis in the cellulosic biofuel crop switchgrass (Panicum virgatum) under abiotic stress. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e32017 pubmed publisher
    ..This suggests that miR156 and miR162 may attribute to the adaption of switchgrass to drought stress and are good candidates for improving switchgrass as a biofuel crop by transgenic technology...
  53. Park J, Steen E, Burd H, Evans S, Redding Johnson A, Batth T, et al. A thermophilic ionic liquid-tolerant cellulase cocktail for the production of cellulosic biofuels. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e37010 pubmed publisher
    ..This cocktail will enable the development of novel biomass to biofuel bioprocessing configurations that may overcome some of the barriers to production of inexpensive cellulosic biofuels...
  54. Mazarei M, Al Ahmad H, Rudis M, Stewart C. Protoplast isolation and transient gene expression in switchgrass, Panicum virgatum L. Biotechnol J. 2008;3:354-9 pubmed
    ..A protoplast system has not been used in switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.), even though it is a bioenergy crop that has received considerable attention...
  55. Everett A, Scholthof H, Scholthof K. Satellite panicum mosaic virus coat protein enhances the performance of plant virus gene vectors. Virology. 2010;396:37-46 pubmed publisher
    The coat protein of satellite panicum mosaic virus (SPCP) is known to effectively protect its cognate RNA from deleterious events, and here, we tested its stabilizing potential for heterologous virus-based gene vectors in planta...
  56. Yamada Akiyama H, Akiyama Y, Ebina M, Xu Q, Tsuruta S, Yazaki J, et al. Analysis of expressed sequence tags in apomictic guineagrass (Panicum maximum). J Plant Physiol. 2009;166:750-61 pubmed publisher
    ..Guineagrass (Panicum maximum) has both facultative aposporous apomixis and obligate sexual modes of reproduction...
  57. Xu B, Escamilla Trevino L, Sathitsuksanoh N, Shen Z, Shen H, Zhang Y, et al. Silencing of 4-coumarate:coenzyme A ligase in switchgrass leads to reduced lignin content and improved fermentable sugar yields for biofuel production. New Phytol. 2011;192:611-25 pubmed publisher
    ..Two homologous 4CL genes, Pv4CL1 and Pv4CL2, were identified in switchgrass (Panicum virgatum) through phylogenetic analysis...
  58. Qiu W, Scholthof K. In vitro- and in vivo-generated defective RNAs of satellite panicum mosaic virus define cis-acting RNA elements required for replication and movement. J Virol. 2000;74:2247-54 pubmed
    Satellite panicum mosaic virus (SPMV) depends on its helper virus, panicum mosaic virus (PMV), to provide trans-acting proteins for replication and movement...
  59. Fu C, Mielenz J, Xiao X, Ge Y, Hamilton C, Rodriguez M, et al. Genetic manipulation of lignin reduces recalcitrance and improves ethanol production from switchgrass. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011;108:3803-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Alternatively, such modified transgenic switchgrass lines should yield significantly more fermentation chemicals per hectare under identical process conditions...
  60. Shen H, He X, Poovaiah C, Wuddineh W, Ma J, Mann D, et al. Functional characterization of the switchgrass (Panicum virgatum) R2R3-MYB transcription factor PvMYB4 for improvement of lignocellulosic feedstocks. New Phytol. 2012;193:121-36 pubmed publisher
  61. Lu H, Zhang J, Liu K, Wu N, Li Y, Zhou K, et al. Earliest domestication of common millet (Panicum miliaceum) in East Asia extended to 10,000 years ago. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009;106:7367-72 pubmed publisher
    ..origin of millet from Neolithic China has generally been accepted, but it remains unknown whether common millet (Panicum miliaceum) or foxtail millet (Setaria italica) was the first species domesticated...
  62. Ghimire S, Craven K. Enhancement of switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) biomass production under drought conditions by the ectomycorrhizal fungus Sebacina vermifera. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2011;77:7063-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Plants cocultivated with the fungus produced significantly higher biomass and had a higher macronutrient content than uninoculated control plants under both adequately watered and drought conditions...