passiflora

Summary

Summary: A plant genus of the family Passifloraceae, order Violales, subclass Dilleniidae, class Magnoliopsida. They are vines with ornamental flowers and edible fruit.

Top Publications

  1. Dhawan K, Kumar S, Sharma A. Suppression of alcohol-cessation-oriented hyper-anxiety by the benzoflavone moiety of Passiflora incarnata Linneaus in mice. J Ethnopharmacol. 2002;81:239-44 pubmed
    A benzoflavone moiety has been reported recently to be responsible for the multifarious CNS effects of Passiflora incarnata Linneaus...
  2. Brown E, Hurd N, McCall S, Ceremuga T. Evaluation of the anxiolytic effects of chrysin, a Passiflora incarnata extract, in the laboratory rat. AANA J. 2007;75:333-7 pubmed
    The definitive anxiolytic effects of Passiflora incarnata are unknown...
  3. Dos Santos L, de Oliveira E, Dos Santos Silva A, de Carvalho F, Costa J, Pádua J. ISSR markers as a tool for the assessment of genetic diversity in Passiflora. Biochem Genet. 2011;49:540-54 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results indicate that ISSR can be useful for genetic diversity studies, to provide practical information for parental selection and to assist breeding and conservation strategies. ..
  4. Konta E, Almeida M, Do Amaral C, Darin J, de Rosso V, Mercadante A, et al. Evaluation of the antihypertensive properties of yellow passion fruit pulp (Passiflora edulis Sims f. flavicarpa Deg.) in spontaneously hypertensive rats. Phytother Res. 2014;28:28-32 pubmed publisher
    Various species of the genus Passiflora have been extensively used in traditional medicine as sedatives, anxiolytics, diuretics and analgesics...
  5. Carneiro M, Camargo L, Coelho A, Vencovsky R, Rui P, Stenzel N, et al. RAPD-based genetic linkage maps of yellow passion fruit (Passiflora edulis Sims. f. flavicarpa Deg.). Genome. 2002;45:670-8 pubmed
    A single cross between two clones of passion fruit (Passiflora edulis Sims. f. flavicarpa Deg., 2n = 18) was selected for genetic mapping...
  6. Grundmann O, Wang J, McGregor G, Butterweck V. Anxiolytic activity of a phytochemically characterized Passiflora incarnata extract is mediated via the GABAergic system. Planta Med. 2008;74:1769-73 pubmed publisher
    ..this research was to assess the anxiolytic properties of a phytochemically characterized commercial extract from Passiflora incarnata (PI; Passifloraceae) in the elevated plus maze test in mice...
  7. Dhawan K, Kumar S, Sharma A. Comparative anxiolytic activity profile of various preparations of Passiflora incarnata linneaus: a comment on medicinal plants' standardization. J Altern Complement Med. 2002;8:283-91 pubmed
    Mother tincture preparation of Passiflora incarnata from five reputable manufacturers of homeopathic medicines were compared to the bioactive fraction of methanol extract of P...
  8. Dhawan K, Kumar S, Sharma A. Anti-anxiety studies on extracts of Passiflora incarnata Linneaus. J Ethnopharmacol. 2001;78:165-70 pubmed
    b>Passiflora incarnata Linn. has been used to cure anxiety and insomnia since time immemorial. Despite the worldwide use of P...
  9. Maruki Uchida H, Kurita I, Sugiyama K, Sai M, Maeda K, Ito T. The protective effects of piceatannol from passion fruit (Passiflora edulis) seeds in UVB-irradiated keratinocytes. Biol Pharm Bull. 2013;36:845-9 pubmed
    ..and scirpusin B, which is a dimer of piceatannol, as strong antioxidants that are present in passion fruit (Passiflora edulis) seeds...

More Information

Publications70

  1. Rowe C, Nantz M, Deniera C, Green K, Talcott S, Percival S. Inhibition of neoplastic transformation of benzo[alpha]pyrene-treated BALB/c 3T3 murine cells by a phytochemical extract of passionfruit juice. J Med Food. 2004;7:402-7 pubmed
    ..These beneficial results were achieved at levels that could theoretically be attained in the plasma after consumption of the juice. ..
  2. Coleta M, Campos M, Cotrim M, Proença da Cunha A. Comparative evaluation of Melissa officinalis L., Tilia europaea L., Passiflora edulis Sims. and Hypericum perforatum L. in the elevated plus maze anxiety test. Pharmacopsychiatry. 2001;34 Suppl 1:S20-1 pubmed
    ..This report will describe a comparative analysis of the effects of Melissa officinalis L., Tilia europaea L., Passiflora edulis Sims. and Hypericum perforatum L...
  3. Tabach R, Rodrigues E, Carlini E. Preclinical toxicological assessment of a phytotherapeutic product--CPV (based on dry extracts of Crataegus oxyacantha L., Passiflora incarnata L., and Valeriana officinalis L.). Phytother Res. 2009;23:33-40 pubmed publisher
    ..of this study is to assess the level of toxicity of an association of three plants: Crataegus oxyacantha, Passiflora incarnata, and Valeriana officinalis (CPV extract)...
  4. Cardoso M. Herbivore handling of a Plants trichome: the case of Heliconius charithonia (L.) (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae) and Passiflora lobata (Killip) Hutch. (Passifloraceae). Neotrop Entomol. 2008;37:247-52 pubmed
    ..that allow it to feed on a host that is presumably protected by hooked trichomes (Passiflora lobata (Killip) Hutch)...
  5. Fischer E, Leal I. Effect of nectar secretion rate on pollination success of Passiflora coccinea (Passifloraceae) in the Central Amazon. Braz J Biol. 2006;66:747-54 pubmed
    The pollination of Passiflora coccinea by the hummingbird Phaethornis superciliosus was studied in Central Amazon, Brazil...
  6. Dhawan K. Drug/substance reversal effects of a novel tri-substituted benzoflavone moiety (BZF) isolated from Passiflora incarnata Linn.--a brief perspective. Addict Biol. 2003;8:379-86 pubmed
    The present work is a mini-review of the author's original work on the plant Passiflora incarnata Linn...
  7. Garros I, Campos A, Tambara E, Tenório S, Torres O, Agulham M, et al. [Extract from Passiflora edulis on the healing of open wounds in rats: morphometric and histological study]. Acta Cir Bras. 2006;21 Suppl 3:55-65 pubmed
    In Brazilian countryside, cataplasm made from Passiflora edulis leaves has been used by the population as a healing agent for infections and skin inflammations in an empiric basis.
  8. Yuldasheva L, Carvalho E, Catanho M, Krasilnikov O. Cholesterol-dependent hemolytic activity of Passiflora quadrangularis leaves. Braz J Med Biol Res. 2005;38:1061-70 pubmed
    ..The present study demonstrates for the first time the presence of a hemolysin in the leaves of Passiflora quadrangularis L...
  9. Yotoko K, Dornelas M, Togni P, Fonseca T, Salzano F, Bonatto S, et al. Does variation in genome sizes reflect adaptive or neutral processes? New clues from Passiflora. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e18212 pubmed publisher
    ..be considered as adaptive or neutral processes by the comparison between GS and flower diameters (FD) of 50 Passiflora species, more specifically, within its two most species-rich subgenera, Passiflora and Decaloba...
  10. Ichimura T, Yamanaka A, Ichiba T, Toyokawa T, Kamada Y, Tamamura T, et al. Antihypertensive effect of an extract of Passiflora edulis rind in spontaneously hypertensive rats. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2006;70:718-21 pubmed
    Orally administered methanol extract of Passiflora edulis rind (10 mg/kg or 50 mg/kg) or luteolin (50 mg/kg), which is one of consistent polyphenols of the extract, significantly lowered systolic blood pressure in spontaneously ..
  11. Zucolotto S, Fagundes C, Reginatto F, Ramos F, Castellanos L, Duque C, et al. Analysis of C-glycosyl flavonoids from South American Passiflora species by HPLC-DAD and HPLC-MS. Phytochem Anal. 2012;23:232-9 pubmed publisher
    Leaves and fruits of Passiflora species are widely used around the world in popular medicine, mainly as sedatives and tranquilisers. C-glycosyl flavonoids are the main components of these species.
  12. Gramowski A, Jügelt K, Stüwe S, Schulze R, McGregor G, Wartenberg Demand A, et al. Functional screening of traditional antidepressants with primary cortical neuronal networks grown on multielectrode neurochips. Eur J Neurosci. 2006;24:455-65 pubmed
    ..multiparametric assessment of electrical activity changes caused by psychoactive herbal extracts from Hypericum, Passiflora and Valeriana, and various combinations thereof revealed a receptor-specific and concentration-dependent ..
  13. Singh B, Singh D, Goel R. Dual protective effect of Passiflora incarnata in epilepsy and associated post-ictal depression. J Ethnopharmacol. 2012;139:273-9 pubmed publisher
    b>Passiflora incarnata L. (Passifloraceae) has been used for the treatment of epilepsy in several traditional systems of medicine.
  14. Yockteng R, Nadot S. Phylogenetic relationships among Passiflora species based on the glutamine synthetase nuclear gene expressed in chloroplast (ncpGS). Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2004;31:379-96 pubmed
    This paper presents the first molecular phylogeny of the genus Passiflora encompassing almost all sections of this large genus...
  15. Akhondzadeh S, Naghavi H, Vazirian M, Shayeganpour A, Rashidi H, Khani M. Passionflower in the treatment of generalized anxiety: a pilot double-blind randomized controlled trial with oxazepam. J Clin Pharm Ther. 2001;26:363-7 pubmed
    Passionflower (Passiflora incarnata) is a folk remedy for anxiety. A double-blind randomized trial compared the efficacy of Passiflora incarnata extract with oxazepam in the treatment of generalized anxiety disorder.
  16. Akhondzadeh S, Kashani L, Mobaseri M, Hosseini S, Nikzad S, Khani M. Passionflower in the treatment of opiates withdrawal: a double-blind randomized controlled trial. J Clin Pharm Ther. 2001;26:369-73 pubmed
    ..Accumulating evidence shows the efficacy of Passiflora incarnata extract in the management of anxiety...
  17. Deng J, Zhou Y, Bai M, Li H, Li L. Anxiolytic and sedative activities of Passiflora edulis f. flavicarpa. J Ethnopharmacol. 2010;128:148-53 pubmed publisher
    Many plants in the genus Passiflora have long been used in traditional folk medicines as a remedy for many neurogenic diseases in many countries...
  18. Rebello B, Moreno S, Godinho C, Neves R, Fonseca A, Bernardo Filho M, et al. Effects of Passiflora edulis flavicarpa on the radiolabeling of blood constituents, morphology of red blood cells and on the biodistribution of sodium pertechnetate in rats. Appl Radiat Isot. 2008;66:1788-92 pubmed publisher
    The aim of this study was to evaluate possible effects of Passiflora edulis flavicarpa (P...
  19. Ngan A, Conduit R. A double-blind, placebo-controlled investigation of the effects of Passiflora incarnata (passionflower) herbal tea on subjective sleep quality. Phytother Res. 2011;25:1153-9 pubmed publisher
    b>Passiflora incarnata is a traditional herbal sedative, anxiolytic and a popular sleep aid used for the treatment of sleep disturbance...
  20. Coleta M, Batista M, Campos M, Carvalho R, Cotrim M, Lima T, et al. Neuropharmacological evaluation of the putative anxiolytic effects of Passiflora edulis Sims, its sub-fractions and flavonoid constituents. Phytother Res. 2006;20:1067-73 pubmed
    b>Passiflora edulis Sims together with several other plants of the genus Passiflora have been reported to possess anxiolytic properties...
  21. Dhawan K, Sharma A. Restoration of chronic-Delta 9-THC-induced decline in sexuality in male rats by a novel benzoflavone moiety from Passiflora incarnata Linn. Br J Pharmacol. 2003;138:117-20 pubmed
    ..o.), and combinations of THC with benzoflavone moiety (BZF, 10 and 20 mg kg(-1), p.o.) isolated from Passiflora incarnata Linneaus, over a period of 30 days...
  22. Reginatto F, De Paris F, Petry R, Quevedo J, Ortega G, Gosmann G, et al. Evaluation of anxiolytic activity of spray dried powders of two South Brazilian Passiflora species. Phytother Res. 2006;20:348-51 pubmed
    The Passiflora extracts have been used in folk medicine because of its reputed sedative and anxiolytic properties. The present study aimed to compare the potential anxiolytic activity of two Passiflora spray-dried powders obtained from P...
  23. Dai C, Galloway L. Male flowers are better fathers than hermaphroditic flowers in andromonoecious Passiflora incarnata. New Phytol. 2012;193:787-96 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we studied the role of morphologically male flowers ('male morph') in andromonoecious Passiflora incarnata. • We measured morphological differences between hermaphroditic and male morph flowers in P...
  24. Chau C, Huang Y. Effects of the insoluble fiber derived from Passiflora edulis seed on plasma and hepatic lipids and fecal output. Mol Nutr Food Res. 2005;49:786-90 pubmed
    The influence of the insoluble fiber-rich fraction (FRF) prepared from defatted Passiflora edulis seed, a potential fiber source, on plasma and hepatic lipids and fecal output were investigated in hamsters fed a hypercholesterolemic diet ..
  25. Rocha T, de Brum Vieira P, Gnoatto S, Tasca T, Gosmann G. Anti-Trichomonas vaginalis activity of saponins from Quillaja, Passiflora, and Ilex species. Parasitol Res. 2012;110:2551-6 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate the anti-T. vaginalis activity of saponins from Quillaja, Passiflora, and Ilex species. Saponins from Passiflora alata and Quillaja saponaria presented the best anti-T...
  26. De Melo N, Guerra M. Variability of the 5S and 45S rDNA sites in Passiflora L. species with distinct base chromosome numbers. Ann Bot. 2003;92:309-16 pubmed
    Cytologically, the species of Passiflora with known chromosome number can be divided into four groups: (1) 2n = 12, 24, 36; (2) 2n = 24; (3) 2n = 18, 72; and (4) 2n = 20...
  27. Dhawan K, Kumar S, Sharma A. Antiasthmatic activity of the methanol extract of leaves of Passiflora incarnata. Phytother Res. 2003;17:821-2 pubmed
    ..e. 200 mg/kg, the preventive effects against Ach-chloride-induced-dyspnoea were also reduced. This may be due to defective alpha-adrenoceptor function reported after excessive or continuous administration of an alpha-receptor agonist...
  28. Pelegrini P, Noronha E, Muniz M, Vasconcelos I, Chiarello M, Oliveira J, et al. An antifungal peptide from passion fruit (Passiflora edulis) seeds with similarities to 2S albumin proteins. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2006;1764:1141-6 pubmed
    ..0 kDa, Pe-AFP1, purified from the seeds of passion fruit (Passiflora edulis)...
  29. Aslanargun P, Cuvas O, Dikmen B, Aslan E, Yuksel M. Passiflora incarnata Linneaus as an anxiolytic before spinal anesthesia. J Anesth. 2012;26:39-44 pubmed publisher
    Patients who undergo regional anesthesia experience anxiety in the preoperative period. Passiflora incarnata Linneaus is a plant that has traditionally been used as an anxiolytic and sedative...
  30. Zanoli P, Avallone R, Baraldi M. Behavioral characterisation of the flavonoids apigenin and chrysin. Fitoterapia. 2000;71 Suppl 1:S117-23 pubmed
    ..of acute administration of two flavonoids, apigenin and chrysin, contained in Matricaria chamomilla and in Passiflora incarnata, respectively, were studied in rats...
  31. Elsas S, Rossi D, Raber J, White G, Seeley C, Gregory W, et al. Passiflora incarnata L. (Passionflower) extracts elicit GABA currents in hippocampal neurons in vitro, and show anxiogenic and anticonvulsant effects in vivo, varying with extraction method. Phytomedicine. 2010;17:940-9 pubmed publisher
    Potential mechanisms of Passiflora incarnata extracts and the effect of extraction methods on ingredients and biological effects were explored...
  32. Kinrys G, Coleman E, Rothstein E. Natural remedies for anxiety disorders: potential use and clinical applications. Depress Anxiety. 2009;26:259-65 pubmed publisher
    ..Natural remedies have been widely used and generally accepted as established treatments of depressive disorders, leading to the investigation of their potential role and efficacy in the treatment of the various anxiety disorders...
  33. Dhawan K, Dhawan S, Sharma A. Passiflora: a review update. J Ethnopharmacol. 2004;94:1-23 pubmed
    ..pharmacological reports, clinical applications and toxicological reports of the prominent species of the genus Passiflora. Flavonoids, glycosides, alkaloids, phenolic compounds and volatile constituents have been reported as the major ..
  34. Cerqueira Silva C, Conceição L, Santos E, Cardoso Silva C, Pereira A, Oliveira A, et al. Genetic variability in wild genotypes of Passiflora cincinnata based on RAPD markers. Genet Mol Res. 2010;9:2421-8 pubmed publisher
    The genetic diversity and characteristics of commercial interest of Passiflora species make it useful to characterize wild germplasm, because of their potential use for fruit, ornamental and medicinal purposes...
  35. Cerqueira Silva C, Santos E, Souza A, Mori G, Oliveira E, Correa R, et al. Development and characterization of microsatellite markers for the wild South American Passiflora cincinnata (Passifloraceae). Am J Bot. 2012;99:e170-2 pubmed publisher
    We developed the first set of microsatellite markers for the passion fruit, Passiflora cincinnata, to provide tools for further study of its genetic diversity and to support current conservation and genetic studies.
  36. Montefusco Pereira C, de Carvalho M, de Araújo Boleti A, Teixeira L, Matos H, Lima E. Antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and hypoglycemic effects of the leaf extract from Passiflora nitida Kunth. Appl Biochem Biotechnol. 2013;170:1367-78 pubmed publisher
    ..Brazilian plants have been studied as important sources for new molecules with medicinal properties. The genus Passiflora known as "Maracujá" has been used as a traditional folk medicine for a long time, so an investigation ..
  37. Liu S, Yang F, Li J, Zhang C, Ji H, Hong P. Physical and chemical analysis of Passiflora seeds and seed oil from China. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2008;59:706-15 pubmed publisher
    ..69 +/- 0.32%) is by far greater than that of linolenic acid (0.26 +/- 0.00%). The present analytical results show the passion fruit seed to be a potentially valuable non-conventional source for high-quality oil...
  38. Müller S, Vasconcelos S, Coelho M, Biavatti M. LC and UV determination of flavonoids from Passiflora alata medicinal extracts and leaves. J Pharm Biomed Anal. 2005;37:399-403 pubmed
    The leaves of Passiflora alata Curtis (an official species in the Brazilian Pharmacopoeia) are used to treat anxiety, as antispasmodics and sedatives...
  39. Shinomiya K, Inoue T, Utsu Y, Tokunaga S, Masuoka T, Ohmori A, et al. Hypnotic activities of chamomile and passiflora extracts in sleep-disturbed rats. Biol Pharm Bull. 2005;28:808-10 pubmed
    In the present study, we investigated hypnotic activities of chamomile and passiflora extracts using sleep-disturbed model rats...
  40. Muschner V, Lorenz Lemke A, Vecchia M, Bonatto S, Salzano F, Freitas L. Differential organellar inheritance in Passiflora's (Passifloraceae) subgenera. Genetica. 2006;128:449-53 pubmed
    ..mt), and one ribosomal nuclear (ITS) DNA regions were studied in four artificial and one natural interspecific Passiflora hybrids. The ITS results confirmed their hybrid origin and all mtDNAs were maternally inherited...
  41. Simirgiotis M, Schmeda Hirschmann G, Borquez J, Kennelly E. The Passiflora tripartita (Banana Passion) fruit: a source of bioactive flavonoid C-glycosides isolated by HSCCC and characterized by HPLC–DAD–ESI/MS/MS. Molecules. 2013;18:1672-92 pubmed publisher
    The banana passion fruit (Passiflora tripartita Breiter, Passifloraceae) known as "tumbo" is very appreciated in tropical and subtropical countries of South America. Methanolic extracts from peel and the fruit juice of P...
  42. Grundmann O, Wähling C, Staiger C, Butterweck V. Anxiolytic effects of a passion flower (Passiflora incarnata L.) extract in the elevated plus maze in mice. Pharmazie. 2009;64:63-4 pubmed
    ..to characterize the putative anxiolytic-like activity of an ethanolic extract prepared from passion flower (PF) (Passiflora incarnata L.) using the elevated plus maze (EPM) in mice...
  43. Montanher A, Zucolotto S, Schenkel E, Fröde T. Evidence of anti-inflammatory effects of Passiflora edulis in an inflammation model. J Ethnopharmacol. 2007;109:281-8 pubmed
    The popular medicine Passiflora edulis has been used as a sedative, tranquilizer, against cutaneous inflammatory diseases and intermittent fever...
  44. Boeira J, Fenner R, Betti A, Provensi G, Lacerda L, Barbosa P, et al. Toxicity and genotoxicity evaluation of Passiflora alata Curtis (Passifloraceae). J Ethnopharmacol. 2010;128:526-32 pubmed publisher
    b>Passiflora alata is an official species of Brazilian Pharmacopoeia and its aerial parts are used as medicinal plant by local population as well as constitutes many phytomedicines commercialized in Brazil as sedative.
  45. Rocha D, Vieira L, Tanaka F, da Silva L, Otoni W. Somatic embryogenesis of a wild passion fruit species Passiflora cincinnata Masters: histocytological and histochemical evidences. Protoplasma. 2012;249:747-58 pubmed publisher
    ..events that lead to the formation of somatic embryos in the model system of the wild passion fruit (Passiflora cincinnata)...
  46. Movafegh A, Alizadeh R, Hajimohamadi F, Esfehani F, Nejatfar M. Preoperative oral Passiflora incarnata reduces anxiety in ambulatory surgery patients: a double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Anesth Analg. 2008;106:1728-32 pubmed publisher
    ..Many patients have preoperative anxiety; therefore, the development of a strong anxiolytic with minimal psychomotor impairment for premedication may be desirable...
  47. Carrasco M, Vallejo J, Pardo de Santayana M, Peral D, Martín M, Altimiras J. Interactions of Valeriana officinalis L. and Passiflora incarnata L. in a patient treated with lorazepam. Phytother Res. 2009;23:1795-6 pubmed publisher
    ..The case of a patient self-medicated with Valeriana officinalis L. and Passiflora incarnata L. while he was on lorazepam treatment is described...
  48. Silva J, Campos A, Ferreira L, Aranha Junior A, Thiede A, Zago Filho L, et al. [Extract of Passiflora edulis in the healing process of gastric sutures in rats: a morphological and tensiometric study]. Acta Cir Bras. 2006;21 Suppl 2:52-60 pubmed
    ..Among them, dry leaves extract from Passiflora edulis have been shown to have an anti-inflammatory effect in rats.
  49. Abreu E, Aragão F. Isolation and characterization of a myo-inositol-1-phosphate synthase gene from yellow passion fruit (Passiflora edulis f. flavicarpa) expressed during seed development and environmental stress. Ann Bot. 2007;99:285-92 pubmed
    ..In the present study, an MIPS cDNA from developing Passiflora edulis f...
  50. Fraccaroli M, Nicoletti S, Maltese F, Choi Y, Guzzo F, Levi M, et al. Pre-analytical method for metabolic profiling of plant cell cultures of Passiflora garckei. Biotechnol Lett. 2008;30:2031-6 pubmed publisher
    b>Passiflora garckei cell cultures were used as a model to describe a reproducible sample preparation method...
  51. Coutts B, Kehoe M, Webster C, Wylie S, Jones R. Indigenous and introduced potyviruses of legumes and Passiflora spp. from Australia: biological properties and comparison of coat protein nucleotide sequences. Arch Virol. 2011;156:1757-74 pubmed publisher
    Five Australian potyviruses, passion fruit woodiness virus (PWV), passiflora mosaic virus (PaMV), passiflora virus Y, clitoria chlorosis virus (ClCV) and hardenbergia mosaic virus (HarMV), and two introduced potyviruses, bean common ..
  52. Finkler C, Giacomet C, Muschner V, Salzano F, Freitas L. Molecular investigations of pathogenesis-related Bet v 1 homologues in Passiflora (Passifloraceae). Genetica. 2005;124:117-25 pubmed
    ..As part of a long-range investigation of these types of proteins and of evolution in Passiflora, DNA sequences from eight Bet v 1 homologue isoforms were obtained from five species of this genus in Brazil, ..
  53. Kerpel S, Soprano E, Moreira G. Effect of nitrogen on Passiflora suberosa L. (Passifloraceae) and consequences for larval performance and oviposition in Heliconius erato phyllis (Fabricius) (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae). Neotrop Entomol. 2006;35:192-200 pubmed
    ..study examines the influence of nitrogen on growth rates, morphological and nutritional characteristics of Passiflora suberosa L., and the corresponding consequences for Heliconius erato phyllis (Fabricius) growth and oviposition...
  54. Cerqueira Silva C, Santos E, Conceição L, Cardoso Silva C, Pereira A, Oliveira A, et al. Genetic variation in a wild population of the 'sleep' passion fruit (Passiflora setacea) based on molecular markers. Genet Mol Res. 2012;11:731-8 pubmed publisher
    Little is known about the molecular genetic diversity of most Passiflora species. We used RAPD markers to evaluate the genetic diversity of 24 genotypes of the 'sleep' passion fruit (Passiflora setacea)...
  55. Devi Ramaiya S, Bujang J, Zakaria M, King W, Shaffiq Sahrir M. Sugars, ascorbic acid, total phenolic content and total antioxidant activity in passion fruit (Passiflora) cultivars. J Sci Food Agric. 2013;93:1198-205 pubmed publisher
    ..content (TPC) and total antioxidant activity (TAA) were determined in fruit juices from seven passion fruit (Passiflora spp.) cultivars: P. edulis cultivars Purple, Frederick, Yellow, Pink, P. edulis f. flavicarpa, P...
  56. Dhawan K, Kumar S, Sharma A. Aphrodisiac activity of methanol extract of leaves of Passiflora incarnata Linn in mice. Phytother Res. 2003;17:401-3 pubmed
    The aphrodisiac properties of the methanol extract of leaves of Passiflora incarnata Linn. have been evaluated in mice by observing the mounting behaviour. The methanol extract of P...
  57. Masteikova R, Bernatoniene J, Bernatoniene R, Velziene S. Antiradical activities of the extract of Passiflora incarnata. Acta Pol Pharm. 2008;65:577-83 pubmed
    ..The data show that the Passiflora extract has not only sedative but also antiradical activity...
  58. Sano S, Sugiyama K, Ito T, Katano Y, Ishihata A. Identification of the strong vasorelaxing substance scirpusin B, a dimer of piceatannol, from passion fruit (Passiflora edulis) seeds. J Agric Food Chem. 2011;59:6209-13 pubmed publisher
    Piceatannol is present in passion fruit (Passiflora edulis) seeds in high amounts. In this study, we isolated the second major polyphenolic compound of passion fruit seeds and identified it as scirpusin B, which is a dimer of piceatannol...
  59. Gupta R, Kumar D, Chaudhary A, Maithani M, Singh R. Antidiabetic activity of Passiflora incarnata Linn. in streptozotocin-induced diabetes in mice. J Ethnopharmacol. 2012;139:801-6 pubmed publisher
    The present study was designed to investigate the hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic properties of Passiflora incarnata Linn. leaves which are widely used as traditional treatment for diabetes mellitus.
  60. Ferreres F, Sousa C, Valentão P, Andrade P, Seabra R, Gil Izquierdo A. New C-deoxyhexosyl flavones and antioxidant properties of Passiflora edulis leaf extract. J Agric Food Chem. 2007;55:10187-93 pubmed
    The flavonoids present in passion fruit (Passiflora edulis) leaves were identified by a high-performance liquid chromatography-diode array detection-tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-DAD-MS/MS) method...
  61. Pereira C, Yariwake J, Lancas F, Wauters J, Tits M, Angenot L. A HPTLC densitometric determination of flavonoids from Passiflora alata, P. edulis, P. incarnata and P. caerulea and comparison with HPLC method. Phytochem Anal. 2004;15:241-8 pubmed
    ..chromatographic (HPTLC) method was developed in order to determine quantitatively the flavonoids in leaves of Passiflora alata, P. edulis, P. caerulea and P. incarnata...