lawsonia plant

Summary

Summary: A plant genus of the family LYTHRACEAE that is the source of henna and has cytotoxic activity.

Top Publications

  1. Uzuner N, Olmez D, Babayigit A, Vayvada O. Contact dermatitis with henna tattoo. Indian Pediatr. 2009;46:423-4 pubmed
    ..Allergic contact dermatitis due to temporary paint-on tattoo with black henna is described in two adolescents...
  2. Habbal O, Al Jabri A, El Hag A, Al Mahrooqi Z, Al Hashmi N. In-vitro antimicrobial activity of Lawsonia inermis Linn (henna). A pilot study on the Omani henna. Saudi Med J. 2005;26:69-72 pubmed
    ..To investigate the antimicrobial activity of henna's fresh and dry leaves and seeds obtained from Oman...
  3. Mahomoodally M, Ramjuttun P. A quantitative ethnobotanical survey of phytocosmetics used in the tropical island of Mauritius. J Ethnopharmacol. 2016;193:45-59 pubmed publisher
    ..Further research should be geared to explore the potential of these plant products for the cosmetic industry. ..
  4. Choudhury P, Choudhury M, Ningthoujam S, Mitra A, Nath D, Talukdar A. Plant utilization against digestive system disorder in Southern Assam, India. J Ethnopharmacol. 2015;175:192-7 pubmed publisher
    ..With the help of statistical analysis (DCI), we propose 10 priority plants for DSD in present work. Systematic pharmacological study with these plants may contribute significant result. ..
  5. Ziaei A, Sahranavard S, Gharagozlou M, Faizi M. Preliminary investigation of the effects of topical mixture of Lawsonia inermis L. and Ricinus communis L. leaves extract in treatment of osteoarthritis using MIA model in rats. Daru. 2016;24:12 pubmed publisher
    ..Further studies are necessary to confirm the effect of the formulation. ..
  6. Saeed M, Abdelgadir H, Sugimoto Y, Khalid H, Efferth T. Cytotoxicity of 35 medicinal plants from Sudan towards sensitive and multidrug-resistant cancer cells. J Ethnopharmacol. 2015;174:644-58 pubmed publisher
  7. Chen W, Nkosi T, Combrinck S, Viljoen A, Cartwright Jones C. Rapid analysis of the skin irritant p-phenylenediamine (PPD) in henna products using atmospheric solids analysis probe mass spectrometry. J Pharm Biomed Anal. 2016;128:119-125 pubmed publisher
    ..025% w/w) to allow screening of henna samples for the presence of PPD. This relatively new technique can be applied to commercial products without extraction, sample treatment or chromatographic separation. ..
  8. Afolayan F, Adegbolagun O, Irungu B, Kangethe L, Orwa J, Anumudu C. Antimalarial actions of Lawsonia inermis, Tithonia diversifolia and Chromolaena odorata in combination. J Ethnopharmacol. 2016;191:188-194 pubmed publisher
    ..However, the combination of Chromolaena odorata with other medicinal plants should be used with caution because of its possible antagonistic effect. ..
  9. Oda Y, Nakashima S, Nakamura S, Yano M, Akiyama M, Imai K, et al. New potent accelerator of neurite outgrowth from Lawsonia inermis flower under non-fasting condition. J Nat Med. 2016;70:384-90 pubmed publisher
    ..We also confirmed the activities of nine known compounds, including quercetin and lalioside. In addition, we found that quercetin, one of the active constituents, increased Vav3 mRNA expression. ..

More Information

Publications70

  1. Yang C, Chen J, Huang H, Huang G, Wang S, Sung P, et al. New Benzenoid Derivatives and Other Constituents from Lawsonia inermis with Inhibitory Activity against NO Production. Molecules. 2017;22: pubmed publisher
    ..7 cells with IC50 values of 6.12, 16.43, 18.98, 9.30, 9.30 and 14.90 μg/mL, respectively. ..
  2. Yang C, Huang H, Wang S, Sung P, Huang G, Chen J, et al. New Diphenol and Isocoumarins from the Aerial Part of Lawsonia inermis and Their Inhibitory Activities against NO Production. Molecules. 2016;21: pubmed
    ..7 cells with IC50 values of 5.63, 15.72, 8.67, 6.67, 6.17, 7.61, and 14.52 ?g/mL, respectively. ..
  3. Wang S, Tao Z, Li P. Lawsone suppresses azoxymethane mediated colon cancer in rats and reduces proliferation of DLD-1 cells via NF-κB pathway. Biomed Pharmacother. 2017;89:152-161 pubmed publisher
    ..The suppressive activity on DLD-1 cells was not by apoptosis but by decreased NF-κB activity resulting in suppression of expression levels of cyclin B1 and cdk1. ..
  4. Zaid A, Jaradat N, Eid A, Al Zabadi H, Alkaiyat A, Darwish S. Ethnopharmacological survey of home remedies used for treatment of hair and scalp and their methods of preparation in the West Bank-Palestine. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2017;17:355 pubmed publisher
    ..A combined scientific effort between informants and the scientific community, working in this field, may help in the discovery of new cosmetics, cosmeceutical and nutraceutical products. ..
  5. Sarang H, Rajani P, Vasanthakumari M, Kumara P, Siva R, Ravikanth G, et al. An endophytic fungus, Gibberella moniliformis from Lawsonia inermis L. produces lawsone, an orange-red pigment. Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek. 2017;110:853-862 pubmed publisher
    ..This is a first report of lawsone being produced by an endophytic fungus, independent of the host tissue. The study opens up interesting questions on the possible biosynthetic pathway through which lawsone is produced by the fungus. ..
  6. Hadisi Z, Nourmohammadi J, Nassiri S. The antibacterial and anti-inflammatory investigation of Lawsonia Inermis-gelatin-starch nano-fibrous dressing in burn wound. Int J Biol Macromol. 2018;107:2008-2019 pubmed publisher
    ..The CD68 immunohistochemical stained wound images showed that treating the burn wound sites with gelatin-oxidized starch-henna reduced the inflammatory response and macrophage numbers significantly. ..
  7. Singh D, Cheema H, Saxena A, Jyotshana -, Singh S, Darokar M, et al. Fraxetin and ethyl acetate extract from Lawsonia inermis L. ameliorate oxidative stress in P. berghei infected mice by augmenting antioxidant defence system. Phytomedicine. 2017;36:262-272 pubmed publisher
    ..It was evident from the experiments that ethyl acetate extract of L. inermis and fraxetin were able to suppress the oxidative damage by augmenting endogenous antioxidant system and thus ameliorated the plasmodium infection in mice. ..
  8. Li Q, Gao W, Zhao Y. [Advances in studies on chemical constituents and biological activities of Lawsonia inermis]. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2013;38:795-9 pubmed
    ..This article mainly summarizes the research advances of chemical constituents and biological activities of Lawsonia inermis, for its further development and utilization...
  9. Liou J, El Shazly M, Du Y, Tseng C, Hwang T, Chuang Y, et al. 1,5-Diphenylpent-3-en-1-ynes and methyl naphthalene carboxylates from Lawsonia inermis and their anti-inflammatory activity. Phytochemistry. 2013;88:67-73 pubmed publisher
    ..Moreover, the known compounds, luteolin, apigenin, 4S-4-hydroxy-?-tetralone, and 2-butoxysuccinic acid, also showed potent inhibition of superoxide anion generation (IC(50)=0.75-1.78 ?g/ml) and elastase release (IC(50)=1.62-3.61 ?g/ml)...
  10. Perinet I, Lioson E, Tichadou L, Glaizal M, de Haro L. [Hemolytic anemia after voluntary ingestion of henna (Lawsonia inermis) decoction by a young girl with G6PD deficiency]. Med Trop (Mars). 2011;71:292-4 pubmed
    ..This report emphasizes the life-threatening hazards associated with some plant extracts used as traditional medicines...
  11. Cuong N, Nhiem N, Thao N, Nam N, Dat N, Anh H, et al. Inhibitors of osteoclastogenesis from Lawsonia inermis leaves. Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2010;20:4782-4 pubmed publisher
    ..Compounds 4 and 5 showed a significant inhibition on receptor activator for nuclear factor-kappaB ligand-induced osteoclast formation in murine bone-marrow macrophages...
  12. Khan D, Hassan F, Ullah H, Karim S, Baseer A, Abid M, et al. Antibacterial activity of Phyllantus emblica, Coriandrum sativum, Culinaris medic, Lawsonia alba and Cucumis sativus. Acta Pol Pharm. 2013;70:855-9 pubmed
    ..Hence, Phyllantus emblica exhibited strong antibacterial activity against a wide range of bacteria it means that Phyllantus emblica extract contains some compounds which have broad spectrum of bactericidal activity...
  13. Rahmoun N, Boucherit Otmani Z, Boucherit K, Benabdallah M, Choukchou Braham N. Antifungal activity of the Algerian Lawsonia inermis (henna). Pharm Biol. 2013;51:131-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Lawsonia inermis Linn. (Lythraceae) or henna has been used since the earliest times as a medicine, preservative, and cosmetic. It has long been recommended in traditional medicine as an astringent, purgative, and abortifacient...
  14. Jannathul Firdhouse M, Lalitha P. Cytotoxicity of spherical gold nanoparticles synthesised using aqueous extracts of aerial roots of Rhaphidophora aurea (Linden ex Andre) intertwined over Lawsonia inermis and Areca catechu on MCF-7 cell line. IET Nanobiotechnol. 2017;11:2-11 pubmed publisher
    ..The cytotoxic activity of the synthesised nanogold studied against human breast cancer cells (MCF-7) by 3-[4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl]2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay showed significant activity at higher concentration. ..
  15. Steinkjer B, Stangeland K, Mikkelsen C. [Contact allergy to henna tattoos]. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2011;131:581-2 pubmed publisher
    ..Tattoos with henna colours have become very popular and the prevalence of contact allergy seems to increase...
  16. Shah S, Clarke T, Packer J. Guerrillero Heroico--a lasting impression. J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg. 2011;64:816-7 pubmed publisher
    ..In very rare cases, type 1 hypersensitivity reactions (angioedema and anaphylaxis) have been reported. The following case report highlights several of these complications and the relevant management...
  17. Gallo F, Multari G, Giambenedetti M, Federici E. Chemical fingerprinting of Lawsonia inermis L. using HPLC, HPTLC and densitometry. Phytochem Anal. 2008;19:550-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality of L. inermis that is commercially available as a raw plant material or preparation in order to guarantee good quality products...
  18. Lasa E, Cojocariu Z, Arroabarren E, Echechipia S, Marín M, Tabar A. [Henna tattooing in children: natural or temporary?]. An Sist Sanit Navar. 2007;30:131-4 pubmed
    ..Our aim is to determine the causative agents of contact dermatitis in two children wearing henna tattoos...
  19. Meng J, Jiang T, Aslam Bhatti H, Siddiqui B, Dixon S, Kilburn J. Synthesis of dihydrodehydrodiconiferyl alcohol: the revised structure of lawsonicin. Org Biomol Chem. 2010;8:107-13 pubmed publisher
    ..A concise synthesis of dihydrodehydrodiconiferyl alcohol, via Rh(2)[S-DOSP](4)-catalysed intramolecular C-H insertion, is described...
  20. Galehdari H, Negahdari S, Kesmati M, Rezaie A, Shariati G. Effect of the herbal mixture composed of Aloe Vera, Henna, Adiantum capillus-veneris, and Myrrha on wound healing in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2016;16:386 pubmed
  21. Mikhaeil B, Badria F, Maatooq G, Amer M. Antioxidant and immunomodulatory constituents of henna leaves. Z Naturforsch C. 2004;59:468-76 pubmed
    ..The ABTS [2,2'-azino-bis (3-ethyl benzthiazoline-6-sulfonic acid)], free radical scavenging assay depicted that all isolated compounds exhibited antioxidant activity comparable to that of ascorbic acid...
  22. Uddin N, Siddiqui B, Begum S, Ali M, Marasini B, Khan A, et al. Bioassay-guided isolation of urease and ?-chymotrypsin inhibitory constituents from the stems of Lawsonia alba Lam. (Henna). Fitoterapia. 2013;84:202-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Compounds 3 and 7 showed a moderate inhibition of urease activity, while rest of them showed less than 50% inhibition. These compounds did not show any significant inhibition against ?-chymotrypsin...
  23. Serakta M, Djerrou Z, Mansour Djaalab H, Kahlouche Riachi F, Hamimed S, Trifa W, et al. Antileishmanial activity of some plants growing in Algeria: Juglans regia, Lawsonia inermis and Salvia officinalis. Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. 2013;10:427-30 pubmed
    ..The results showed that both J. regia and L. inermis extracts reduced the promastigotes number significantly (P<0.01). however, S. officinalis showed a total inhibition of the Leishmania major growth. ..
  24. Qurashi H, Qumqumji A, Zacharia Y. Acute renal failure and intravascular hemolysis following henna ingestion. Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl. 2013;24:553-6 pubmed
    ..Management of PPD poisoning is only supportive and helpful only if instituted early. Diagnosis requires a high degree of clinical suspicion, as the clinical features are quite distinctive...
  25. Khanavi M, Vatandoost H, Khosravi Dehaghi N, Sanei Dehkordi A, Sedaghat M, Hadjiakhoondi A, et al. Larvicidal activities of some Iranian native plants against the main malaria vector, Anopheles stephensi. Acta Med Iran. 2013;51:141-7 pubmed
    ..The results obtained from this study suggest that the methanolic extracts of these plants have larvicidal effects against Anopheles stephensi larvae and could be useful in the search for new natural larvicidal compounds...
  26. Gull I, Sohail M, Aslam M, Amin Athar M. Phytochemical, toxicological and antimicrobial evaluation of Lawsonia inermis extracts against clinical isolates of pathogenic bacteria. Ann Clin Microbiol Antimicrob. 2013;12:36 pubmed publisher
    ..The use of medicinal plants as natural substitute is the paramount area of research to overwhelm the drug resistance of infectious agents. Scientists have not made enough effort on the evaluation of safety of medicinal plant yet...
  27. Jallad K, Espada Jallad C. Lead exposure from the use of Lawsonia inermis (henna) in temporary paint-on-tattooing and hair dying. Sci Total Environ. 2008;397:244-50 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, the use of henna especially among children may constitute a public health risk...
  28. Imam H, Mahbub N, Khan M, Hana H, Sarker M. Alpha amylase enzyme inhibitory and anti-inflammatory effect of Lawsonia inermis. Pak J Biol Sci. 2013;16:1796-800 pubmed
    ..It gives the notion that how this group of patient would be therapeutically benefitted by decreasing both these effects by the same agent which is easy available...
  29. Reyes Balaguer J, Hernández de Rojas D. [Contact dermatitis after black henna tattoo]. Med Clin (Barc). 2007;128:318-9 pubmed
  30. Zohourian T, Quitain A, Sasaki M, Goto M. Polyphenolic contents and antioxidant activities of Lawsonia inermis leaf extracts obtained by microwave-assisted hydrothermal method. J Microw Power Electromagn Energy. 2011;45:193-204 pubmed
    ..Furthermore, comparison with the result obtained at room temperature confirmed that the use of microwave was more effective for extracting polar components that normally possess higher antioxidant activities...
  31. Mikkelsen C, Liljefred F, Mikkelsen D. [Erythema multiforme-like reaction to para-phenylenediamine]. Ugeskr Laeger. 2011;173:51-2 pubmed
    ..This case highlights the need to ban the use of para-phenylenediamine and its derivates in dyes...
  32. Ahmadian S, Fakhree M. Henna (Lawsonia inermis) might be used to prevent mycotic infection. Med Hypotheses. 2009;73:629-30 pubmed publisher
  33. Ling L, Radhakrishnan A, Subramaniam T, Cheng H, Palanisamy U. Assessment of antioxidant capacity and cytotoxicity of selected Malaysian plants. Molecules. 2010;15:2139-51 pubmed publisher
  34. Tug A, Alakoc Y, Hanci I. An end to a rumour. Forensic Sci Int. 2005;153:156-60 pubmed
    ..At the end of the analysis, the stain is turned out to be a dye made of herbal roots ending the rumour of centuries...
  35. Yogisha S, Samiulla D, Prashanth D, Padmaja R, Amit A. Trypsin inhibitory activity of Lawsonia inermis. Fitoterapia. 2002;73:690-1 pubmed
    ..The ethanolic extract of Lawsonia inermis leaves and lawsone tested for trypsin inhibitory activity showed an IC(50) value of 64.87 and 48.6 microg/ml, respectively...
  36. Nayak B, Isitor G, Davis E, Pillai G. The evidence based wound healing activity of Lawsonia inermis Linn. Phytother Res. 2007;21:827-31 pubmed
    ..Enhanced wound contraction, increased skin breaking strength, hydroxyproline and histological findings suggest the use of L. inermis in the management of wound healing...
  37. Philip Jacob P, Madhumitha G, Mary Saral A. Free radical scavenging and reducing power of Lawsonia inermis L. seeds. Asian Pac J Trop Med. 2011;4:457-61 pubmed publisher
    ..To determine the antioxidant activity, total phenolic and flavonoid content of Petroleum ether extract (PE), Dichloromethane extract (DCM), Ethanol extract (ET) and aqueous extract (AQ) of henna seeds...
  38. Dabhade A, Patel P, Pati U. Proteinaceous protease inhibitor from Lawsonia inermis: purification, characterization and antibacterial activity. Nat Prod Commun. 2013;8:1467-70 pubmed
    ..It was also examined for antibacterial activity against Pseudomonas aeruginosa MTCC 7926 and Staphylococcus aureus NCIM 2079; the IC50 values of the purified LPI were 11.4 microg/mL and 16.6 microg/mL respectively...
  39. Pradhan R, Dandawate P, Vyas A, Padhye S, Biersack B, Schobert R, et al. From body art to anticancer activities: perspectives on medicinal properties of henna. Curr Drug Targets. 2012;13:1777-98 pubmed
  40. Sauriasari R, Wang D, Takemura Y, Tsutsui K, Masuoka N, Sano K, et al. Cytotoxicity of lawsone and cytoprotective activity of antioxidants in catalase mutant Escherichia coli. Toxicology. 2007;235:103-11 pubmed
    ..We suggest that lawsone cytotoxicity is probably mediated, at least in part, by the release of O(2)(-), H(2)O(2) and OH(-)...
  41. Sultana N, Choudhary M, Khan A. Protein glycation inhibitory activities of Lawsonia inermis and its active principles. J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem. 2009;24:257-61 pubmed
    ..06 +/- 0.13 microg/mL, 67.42 +/- 1.46 microM and 401.7 +/- 6. 23 microM respectively. This is the first report on the glycation activity of these compounds and alcoholic extract of Lawsonia inermis...
  42. Ravichandran S, Muthuraman S. Examining the anti-candidal activity of 10 selected Indian herbs and investigating the effect of Lawsonia inermis extract on germ tube formation, protease, phospholipase, and aspartate dehydrogenase enzyme activity in Candida albicans. Indian J Pharmacol. 2016;48:47-52 pubmed publisher
    ..The objective of the study is to identify potential anti-candidal agents from natural resources and elucidate the effect of Lawsonia inermis extract on major virulent factors of Candida albicans...
  43. Arranz Sánchez D, Corral de la Calle M, Vidaurrázaga Díaz de Arcaya C, de Lucas Laguna R, Díaz Díaz R. [Risks of black henna tattoos]. An Pediatr (Barc). 2005;63:448-52 pubmed
    ..We present our experience of eight cases of allergic contact dermatitis after tattooing and briefly review the literature on the risks of black henna tattoos...
  44. Urkin J. Henna tattooing dermatitis: consider an additive as the culprit. Br J Gen Pract. 2006;56:794-5 pubmed
  45. Siddiqui B, Uddin N, Begum S. Two new dioxin derivatives from the aerial parts of Lawsonia alba. Nat Prod Res. 2009;23:1740-5 pubmed publisher
  46. Kasthuri J, Veerapandian S, Rajendiran N. Biological synthesis of silver and gold nanoparticles using apiin as reducing agent. Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces. 2009;68:55-60 pubmed publisher
    ..The NIR absorption of the gold nanotriangles is expected to be of application in hyperthermia of cancer cells and in IR-absorbing optical coatings...
  47. Dasgupta T, Rao A, Yadava P. Modulatory effect of henna leaf (Lawsonia inermis) on drug metabolising phase I and phase II enzymes, antioxidant enzymes, lipid peroxidation and chemically induced skin and forestomach papillomagenesis in mice. Mol Cell Biochem. 2003;245:11-22 pubmed
    ..There was a significant inhibition of tumor burden in both the tumor model systems studied (from p < 0.01 to p < 0.001). Tumor incidence was also reduced by both the doses used in our experiment in both the model systems...
  48. Bhandarkar M, Khan A. Protective effect of Lawsonia alba Lam., against CCl4 induced hepatic damage in albino rats. Indian J Exp Biol. 2003;41:85-7 pubmed
    ..The results suggest hepatoprotective and antioxidant activity of extract of L. alba bark...
  49. El Shaer N, Badr J, Aboul Ela M, Gohar Y. Determination of lawsone in henna powders by high performance thin layer chromatography. J Sep Sci. 2007;30:3311-5 pubmed
    ..004 up to 0.608 wt%, indicating that some samples were almost devoid of lawsone. Some of these products were subjected to preliminary in vivo toxicity studies...
  50. Hsouna A, Mongi S, Culioli G, Blache Y, Ghlissi Z, Chaabane R, et al. Protective effects of ethyl acetate fraction of Lawsonia inermis fruits extract against carbon tetrachloride-induced oxidative damage in rat liver. Toxicol Ind Health. 2016;32:694-706 pubmed publisher
    ..Based on these results, it was observed that fruits of L. inermis protect liver from oxidative stress induced by CCl4 and thus help in evaluation of traditional claim on this plant...
  51. Arayne M, Sultana N, Mirza A, Zuberi M, Siddiqui F. In vitro hypoglycemic activity of methanolic extract of some indigenous plants. Pak J Pharm Sci. 2007;20:268-73 pubmed
    ..The results in three different media revealed that, hypoglycemic activity is more prominent in neutral and basic media as compared to acidic medium...
  52. El Basheir Z, Fouad M. A preliminary pilot survey on head lice, pediculosis in Sharkia Governorate and treatment of lice with natural plant extracts. J Egypt Soc Parasitol. 2002;32:725-36 pubmed
    ..The head lice completely disappeared within a week among those patients treated by henna mixed with aqueous extract of sheah (100%) or mixed with helba (75%) or with karkada (50%)...
  53. Yousefi I, Pakravan M, Rahimi H, Bahador A, Farshadzadeh Z, Haririan I. An investigation of electrospun Henna leaves extract-loaded chitosan based nanofibrous mats for skin tissue engineering. Mater Sci Eng C Mater Biol Appl. 2017;75:433-444 pubmed publisher
    ..Therefore, the results of this work showed that Henna leaves extract incorporated chitosan nonwoven mats have a great potential to be used as the biodegradable, biobased and antibacterial wound healing dressings. ..
  54. Kumar M, Kaur P, Chandel M, Singh A, Jain A, Kaur S. Antioxidant and hepatoprotective potential of Lawsonia inermis L. leaves against 2-acetylaminofluorene induced hepatic damage in male Wistar rats. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2017;17:56 pubmed publisher
    ..possess potential to effectively protect rats from the 2-AAF induced hepatic damage in vivo possibly by inhibition of reactive oxygen species and lipid peroxidation. ..
  55. Kapadia G, Rao G, Sridhar R, Ichiishi E, Takasaki M, Suzuki N, et al. Chemoprevention of skin cancer: effect of Lawsonia inermis L. (Henna) leaf powder and its pigment artifact, lawsone in the Epstein- Barr virus early antigen activation assay and in two-stage mouse skin carcinogenesis models. Anticancer Agents Med Chem. 2013;13:1500-7 pubmed
  56. Van Den Keybus C, Morren M, Goossens A. Walking difficulties due to an allergic reaction to a temporary tattoo. Contact Dermatitis. 2005;53:180-1 pubmed
  57. Marimuthu S, Rahuman A, Santhoshkumar T, Jayaseelan C, Kirthi A, Bagavan A, et al. Lousicidal activity of synthesized silver nanoparticles using Lawsonia inermis leaf aqueous extract against Pediculus humanus capitis and Bovicola ovis. Parasitol Res. 2012;111:2023-33 pubmed publisher
    ..803 and against B. ovis showed with LC(50) values of 21.19, 8.49, and 1.41 mg l(-1) and r (2) values of 0.920, 0.938 and 0.870, respectively. The findings revealed that synthesized Ag NPs possess excellent anti-lousicidal activity...
  58. Almeida P, Borrego L, Pulido Melián E, González Díaz O. Quantification of p-phenylenediamine and 2-hydroxy-1,4-naphthoquinone in henna tattoos. Contact Dermatitis. 2012;66:33-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Very few studies are available in which the components of henna products used by tattoo artists have been analysed...
  59. Ling L, Palanisamy U, Cheng H. Prooxidant/antioxidant ratio (ProAntidex) as a better index of net free radical scavenging potential. Molecules. 2010;15:7884-92 pubmed publisher
    ..The index enables us to identify extracts with high net free radical scavenging activity potential. The ProAntidex is beneficial as a screening parameter to the food industries and healthcare...
  60. Riaz T, Nawaz Khan S, Javaid A. Management of corm-rot disease of Gladiolus by plant extracts. Nat Prod Res. 2010;24:1131-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Fusarium inoculation significantly declined shoot growth. In general, carbendazim, as well as aqueous extracts, enhanced shoot growth to variable extents as compared to the Fusarium control...
  61. Blair J, Brodell R, Nedorost S. Dermatitis associated with henna tattoo. "Safe" alternative to permanent tattoos carries risk. Postgrad Med. 2004;116:63-5 pubmed