antirrhinum

Summary

Summary: A plant genus of the family Plantaginaceae. Members contain DEFICIENS PROTEIN.

Top Publications

  1. Masiero S, Li M, Will I, Hartmann U, Saedler H, Huijser P, et al. INCOMPOSITA: a MADS-box gene controlling prophyll development and floral meristem identity in Antirrhinum. Development. 2004;131:5981-90 pubmed
    ..mutants in the inco mutant background corroborates this potential role of INCO as a floral repressor in Antirrhinum. One further, hitherto hidden, role of INCO is the positive control of Antirrhinum floral meristem identity...
  2. Xue Y, Zhang Y, Yang Q, Li Q, Cheng Z, Dickinson H. Genetic features of a pollen-part mutation suggest an inhibitory role for the Antirrhinum pollen self-incompatibility determinant. Plant Mol Biol. 2009;70:499-509 pubmed publisher
    ..We have employed transposon mutagenesis in a member of the Plantaginaceae (Antirrhinum) to generate a pollen-part SI-breakdown mutant Pma1 (Pollen-part mutation in Antirrhinum1)...
  3. Comadran J, Kilian B, Russell J, Ramsay L, Stein N, Ganal M, et al. Natural variation in a homolog of Antirrhinum CENTRORADIALIS contributed to spring growth habit and environmental adaptation in cultivated barley. Nat Genet. 2012;44:1388-92 pubmed publisher
    ..In one genetically divergent region, we identify a natural variant of the barley homolog of Antirrhinum CENTRORADIALIS (HvCEN) as a contributor to successful environmental adaptation...
  4. Bedoya L, Martinez F, Orzaez D, Daròs J. Visual tracking of plant virus infection and movement using a reporter MYB transcription factor that activates anthocyanin biosynthesis. Plant Physiol. 2012;158:1130-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The reporter system is based on expression of Antirrhinum majus MYB-related Rosea1 (Ros1) transcription factor (220 amino acids; 25...
  5. Nath U, Crawford B, Carpenter R, Coen E. Genetic control of surface curvature. Science. 2003;299:1404-7 pubmed
    ..We have studied the cin mutant of Antirrhinum, which has crinkly rather than flat leaves...
  6. Preston J, Kost M, Hileman L. Conservation and diversification of the symmetry developmental program among close relatives of snapdragon with divergent floral morphologies. New Phytol. 2009;182:751-62 pubmed publisher
    Multiple evolutionary shifts in floral symmetry and stamen number have occurred in the snapdragon (Antirrhinum majus) family Veronicaceae...
  7. Zhang D, Yang Q, Bao W, Zhang Y, Han B, Xue Y, et al. Molecular cytogenetic characterization of the Antirrhinum majus genome. Genetics. 2005;169:325-35 pubmed
    As a model system in classical plant genetics, the genus Antirrhinum has been well studied, especially in gametophytic self-incompatibility, flower development biology, and transposon-induced mutation...
  8. Golz J, Roccaro M, Kuzoff R, Hudson A. GRAMINIFOLIA promotes growth and polarity of Antirrhinum leaves. Development. 2004;131:3661-70 pubmed
    ..We show that the growth and asymmetry of leaves in Antirrhinum majus involves the related YABBY transcription factors GRAMINIFOLIA (GRAM) and PROLONGATA (PROL)...
  9. Shang Y, Venail J, Mackay S, Bailey P, Schwinn K, Jameson P, et al. The molecular basis for venation patterning of pigmentation and its effect on pollinator attraction in flowers of Antirrhinum. New Phytol. 2011;189:602-15 pubmed publisher
    ..The molecular genetics and function of venation were investigated in the genus Antirrhinum, in which venation is determined by Venosa (encoding an R2R3MYB transcription factor)...

More Information

Publications66

  1. Green A, Kennaway J, Hanna A, Bangham J, Coen E. Genetic control of organ shape and tissue polarity. PLoS Biol. 2010;8:e1000537 pubmed publisher
    ..Using the Snapdragon (Antirrhinum) flower as an example, we show how shape development reflects local rates and orientations of tissue growth ..
  2. Whibley A, Langlade N, Andalo C, Hanna A, Bangham A, Thébaud C, et al. Evolutionary paths underlying flower color variation in Antirrhinum. Science. 2006;313:963-6 pubmed
    ..diverse biological forms, we defined a three-dimensional genotypic space separating two flower color morphs of Antirrhinum. A hybrid zone between morphs showed a steep cline specifically at genes controlling flower color differences, ..
  3. Fujino K, Hashida S, Ogawa T, Natsume T, Uchiyama T, Mikami T, et al. Temperature controls nuclear import of Tam3 transposase in Antirrhinum. Plant J. 2011;65:146-155 pubmed publisher
    ..The class-II element Tam3 from Antirrhinum majus exhibits a unique property of low-temperature-dependent transposition (LTDT)...
  4. Schwinn K, Venail J, Shang Y, Mackay S, Alm V, Butelli E, et al. A small family of MYB-regulatory genes controls floral pigmentation intensity and patterning in the genus Antirrhinum. Plant Cell. 2006;18:831-51 pubmed
    The Rosea1, Rosea2, and Venosa genes encode MYB-related transcription factors active in the flowers of Antirrhinum majus...
  5. Kieffer M, Stern Y, Cook H, Clerici E, Maulbetsch C, Laux T, et al. Analysis of the transcription factor WUSCHEL and its functional homologue in Antirrhinum reveals a potential mechanism for their roles in meristem maintenance. Plant Cell. 2006;18:560-73 pubmed
    ..We have characterized a meristem maintenance mutant in Antirrhinum majus and shown that it arises from a defect in the WUS orthologue ROSULATA (ROA)...
  6. Weir I, Lu J, Cook H, Causier B, Schwarz Sommer Z, Davies B. CUPULIFORMIS establishes lateral organ boundaries in Antirrhinum. Development. 2004;131:915-22 pubmed
    ..Members of the TCP-domain family have previously been shown to regulate organ outgrowth. Our results suggest a model for the establishment of organ boundaries based on the localised expression of NAC-domain and TCP-domain factors...
  7. Gubitz T, Caldwell A, Hudson A. Rapid molecular evolution of CYCLOIDEA-like genes in Antirrhinum and its relatives. Mol Biol Evol. 2003;20:1537-44 pubmed
    ..CYC) and DICHOTOMA (DICH) genes encode related TCP transcription factors that control floral asymmetry in Antirrhinum majus...
  8. Crawford B, Nath U, Carpenter R, Coen E. CINCINNATA controls both cell differentiation and growth in petal lobes and leaves of Antirrhinum. Plant Physiol. 2004;135:244-53 pubmed
    ..and growth may be coordinated during development, we have studied the action of the CINCINNATA (CIN) gene of Antirrhinum. We show that in addition to affecting leaf lamina growth, CIN affects epidermal cell differentiation and ..
  9. Navarro C, Efremova N, Golz J, Rubiera R, Kuckenberg M, Castillo R, et al. Molecular and genetic interactions between STYLOSA and GRAMINIFOLIA in the control of Antirrhinum vegetative and reproductive development. Development. 2004;131:3649-59 pubmed
    STYLOSA (STY) in Antirrhinum and LEUNIG (LUG) in Arabidopsis control the spatially correct expression of homeotic functions involved in the control of floral organ identity...
  10. Ishiguro K, Taniguchi M, Tanaka Y. Functional analysis of Antirrhinum kelloggii flavonoid 3'-hydroxylase and flavonoid 3',5'-hydroxylase genes; critical role in flower color and evolution in the genus Antirrhinum. J Plant Res. 2012;125:451-6 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Antirrhinum majus does not produce delphinidin and lacks violet flower colour while A...
  11. Efremova N, Schreiber L, Bär S, Heidmann I, Huijser P, Wellesen K, et al. Functional conservation and maintenance of expression pattern of FIDDLEHEAD-like genes in Arabidopsis and Antirrhinum. Plant Mol Biol. 2004;56:821-37 pubmed
    ..Corresponding mutants are not available for Antirrhinum majus, however, organ fusions can be induced in both species by chloroacetamide inhibitors of beta-ketoacyl-CoA ..
  12. Delgado Benarroch L, Causier B, Weiss J, Egea Cortines M. FORMOSA controls cell division and expansion during floral development in Antirrhinum majus. Planta. 2009;229:1219-29 pubmed publisher
    ..We have identified the Antirrhinum FORMOSA (FO) gene as a specific regulator of floral size...
  13. Bey M, Stüber K, Fellenberg K, Schwarz Sommer Z, Sommer H, Saedler H, et al. Characterization of antirrhinum petal development and identification of target genes of the class B MADS box gene DEFICIENS. Plant Cell. 2004;16:3197-215 pubmed
    The class B MADS box transcription factors DEFICIENS (DEF) and GLOBOSA (GLO) of Antirrhinum majus together control the organogenesis of petals and stamens...
  14. Costa M, Fox S, Hanna A, Baxter C, Coen E. Evolution of regulatory interactions controlling floral asymmetry. Development. 2005;132:5093-101 pubmed
    ..show that CYC encodes a DNA-binding protein that recognises sites in a downstream target gene RADIALIS (RAD) in Antirrhinum. The interaction between CYC and RAD can be reconstituted in Arabidopsis, which has radially symmetrical ..
  15. Preston J, Hileman L. SQUAMOSA-PROMOTER BINDING PROTEIN 1 initiates flowering in Antirrhinum majus through the activation of meristem identity genes. Plant J. 2010;62:704-12 pubmed publisher
    ..In the distantly related core eudicot species Antirrhinum majus L...
  16. Adams S, Munir M, Valdés V, Langton F, Jackson S. Using flowering times and leaf numbers to model the phases of photoperiod sensitivity in Antirrhinum majus L. Ann Bot. 2003;92:689-96 pubmed
    ..A range of antirrhinum cultivars were grown, all of which were shown to be quantitative long-day plants...
  17. Schwarz Sommer Z, Davies B, Hudson A. An everlasting pioneer: the story of Antirrhinum research. Nat Rev Genet. 2003;4:657-66 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we consider the history and future of an alternative angiosperm model--the snapdragon Antirrhinum majus...
  18. Tastard E, Ferdy J, Burrus M, Thébaud C, Andalo C. Patterns of floral colour neighbourhood and their effects on female reproductive success in an Antirrhinum hybrid zone. J Evol Biol. 2012;25:388-99 pubmed publisher
    ..to test the effects of local plant density and floral colour neighbourhood on female reproductive success in an Antirrhinum hybrid zone...
  19. Cui M, Copsey L, Green A, Bangham J, Coen E. Quantitative control of organ shape by combinatorial gene activity. PLoS Biol. 2010;8:e1000538 pubmed publisher
    ..that address this problem, applying them to a group of genes controlling flower shape in the Snapdragon (Antirrhinum)...
  20. Jaffe F, Tattersall A, Glover B. A truncated MYB transcription factor from Antirrhinum majus regulates epidermal cell outgrowth. J Exp Bot. 2007;58:1515-24 pubmed
    ..Here, the isolation of a gene encoding a new member of MYB subgroup 9, AmMYBML3 (Antirrhinum majus MYB MIXTA-LIKE 3) is described, which contains the defining regions of conserved sequence but is lacking ..
  21. Yamada T, Ichimura K, van Doorn W. DNA degradation and nuclear degeneration during programmed cell death in petals of Antirrhinum, Argyranthemum, and Petunia. J Exp Bot. 2006;57:3543-52 pubmed
    Programmed cell death (PCD) was studied in the petals of Antirrhinum majus, Argyranthemum frutescens, and Petunia hybrida, using DNA degradation and changes in nuclear morphology as parameters...
  22. Khimoun A, Burrus M, Andalo C, Liu Z, Vicédo Cazettes C, Thébaud C, et al. Locally asymmetric introgressions between subspecies suggest circular range expansion at the Antirrhinum majus global scale. J Evol Biol. 2011;24:1433-41 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Antirrhinum majus pseudomajus and A. m...
  23. Liang L, Lai Z, Ma W, Zhang Y, Xue Y. AhSL28, a senescence- and phosphate starvation-induced S-like RNase gene in Antirrhinum. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2002;1579:64-71 pubmed
    ..No S-like RNase genes have been isolated from self-incompatible Antirrhinum. To investigate the relationship between S- and S-like RNases, we cloned a gene named AhSL28 encoding an S-like ..
  24. Langlade N, Feng X, Dransfield T, Copsey L, Hanna A, Thébaud C, et al. Evolution through genetically controlled allometry space. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2005;102:10221-6 pubmed
    ..a genetically controlled space that captures variation in shape and size between closely related species of Antirrhinum. The axes of the space are based on an allometric model of leaves from an F2 of an interspecific cross between ..
  25. Rolland Lagan A, Bangham J, Coen E. Growth dynamics underlying petal shape and asymmetry. Nature. 2003;422:161-3 pubmed
    ..dividing cells are genetically marked and their descendants identified visually, to observe the development of Antirrhinum (snapdragon) petals...
  26. Tholl D, Kish C, Orlova I, Sherman D, Gershenzon J, Pichersky E, et al. Formation of monoterpenes in Antirrhinum majus and Clarkia breweri flowers involves heterodimeric geranyl diphosphate synthases. Plant Cell. 2004;16:977-92 pubmed
    ..We have discovered that Antirrhinum majus (snapdragon) and Clarkia breweri, two species whose floral scent is rich in monoterpenes, both possess a ..
  27. Qiao H, Wang H, Zhao L, Zhou J, Huang J, Zhang Y, et al. The F-box protein AhSLF-S2 physically interacts with S-RNases that may be inhibited by the ubiquitin/26S proteasome pathway of protein degradation during compatible pollination in Antirrhinum. Plant Cell. 2004;16:582-95 pubmed
    Self-incompatibility S-locus-encoded F-box (SLF) proteins have been identified in Antirrhinum and several Prunus species. Although they appear to play an important role in self-incompatible reaction, functional evidence is lacking...
  28. Causier B, Castillo R, Zhou J, Ingram R, Xue Y, Schwarz Sommer Z, et al. Evolution in action: following function in duplicated floral homeotic genes. Curr Biol. 2005;15:1508-12 pubmed
    ..PLENA in Antirrhinum and AGAMOUS in Arabidopsis are the canonical C-function genes that are essential for the specification of ..
  29. Feng X, Wilson Y, Bowers J, Kennaway R, Bangham A, Hannah A, et al. Evolution of allometry in antirrhinum. Plant Cell. 2009;21:2999-3007 pubmed publisher
    ..examined the evolutionary and genetic basis for allometry using leaves and flower petals of snapdragon species (Antirrhinum)...
  30. Dudareva N, Andersson S, Orlova I, Gatto N, Reichelt M, Rhodes D, et al. The nonmevalonate pathway supports both monoterpene and sesquiterpene formation in snapdragon flowers. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2005;102:933-8 pubmed
    ..The trafficking of IPP occurs unidirectionally from the plastids to cytosol. The MEP pathway operates in a rhythmic manner controlled by the circadian clock, which determines the rhythmicity of terpenoid emission...
  31. Causier B, Cook H, Davies B. An antirrhinum ternary complex factor specifically interacts with C-function and SEPALLATA-like MADS-box factors. Plant Mol Biol. 2003;52:1051-62 pubmed
    ..Taken together, this suggests that MIP1 acts as a ternary complex factor specifically with C-function and SEP-like MBFs...
  32. Cui M, Handa T, Ezura H. An improved protocol for Agrobacterium-mediated transformation of Antirrhinum majus L. Mol Genet Genomics. 2003;270:296-302 pubmed
    Efficient Agrobacterium -mediated transformation of Antirrhinum majus L. was achieved via indirect shoot organogenesis from hypocotyl explants of seedlings. Stable transformants were obtained by inoculating explants with A...
  33. Cartolano M, Castillo R, Efremova N, Kuckenberg M, Zethof J, Gerats T, et al. A conserved microRNA module exerts homeotic control over Petunia hybrida and Antirrhinum majus floral organ identity. Nat Genet. 2007;39:901-5 pubmed
    ..We show that the blind (bl) mutant of Petunia hybrida and the fistulata (fis) mutant of Antirrhinum majus, which have similar homeotic phenotypes, are recessive alleles of two homologous miRNA-encoding genes...
  34. Whitney H, Poetes R, Steiner U, Chittka L, Glover B. Determining the contribution of epidermal cell shape to petal wettability using isogenic Antirrhinum lines. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e17576 pubmed publisher
    ..Using Antirrhinum isogenic lines differing only in the presence of a single epidermal structure, conical cells, we were able to ..
  35. Yang Q, Zhang D, Li Q, Cheng Z, Xue Y. Heterochromatic and genetic features are consistent with recombination suppression of the self-incompatibility locus in Antirrhinum. Plant J. 2007;51:140-51 pubmed
    ..To examine features associated with this suppression, we first mapped the S locus of Antirrhinum hispanicum, a member of the Scrophulariaceae, to a highly heterochromatic region close to the distal end of the ..
  36. Delgado Benarroch L, Weiss J, Egea Cortines M. The mutants compacta ähnlich, Nitida and Grandiflora define developmental compartments and a compensation mechanism in floral development in Antirrhinum majus. J Plant Res. 2009;122:559-69 pubmed publisher
    In order to improve our understanding of floral size control we characterised three mutants of Antirrhinum majus with different macroscopic floral phenotypes...
  37. Schwarz Sommer Z, Gubitz T, Weiss J, Gómez di Marco P, Delgado Benarroch L, Hudson A, et al. A molecular recombination map of Antirrhinum majus. BMC Plant Biol. 2010;10:275 pubmed publisher
    ..The molecular recombination map currently available for the model eudicot Antirrhinum majus is the result of a cross with Antirrhinum molle, limiting its usefulness within A. majus.
  38. Perez Rodriguez M, Jaffe F, Butelli E, Glover B, Martin C. Development of three different cell types is associated with the activity of a specific MYB transcription factor in the ventral petal of Antirrhinum majus flowers. Development. 2005;132:359-70 pubmed
    ..In Antirrhinum majus, the MIXTA protein directs the formation of conical epidermal cells in petals...
  39. Wilson Y, Hudson A. The evolutionary history of Antirrhinum suggests that ancestral phenotype combinations survived repeated hybridizations. Plant J. 2011;66:1032-43 pubmed publisher
    The model species Antirrhinum majus (the garden snapdragon) has over 20 close wild relatives that are morphologically diverse and adapted to different Mediterranean environments...
  40. Dudareva N, Martin D, Kish C, Kolosova N, Gorenstein N, Fäldt J, et al. (E)-beta-ocimene and myrcene synthase genes of floral scent biosynthesis in snapdragon: function and expression of three terpene synthase genes of a new terpene synthase subfamily. Plant Cell. 2003;15:1227-41 pubmed
    ..Analyses of tissue-specific, developmental, and rhythmic expression of these monoterpene synthase genes in snapdragon flowers revealed coordinated regulation of phenylpropanoid and isoprenoid scent production...
  41. Schwarz Sommer Z, de Andrade Silva E, Berndtgen R, Lonnig W, Muller A, Nindl I, et al. A linkage map of an F2 hybrid population of Antirrhinum majus and A. molle. Genetics. 2003;163:699-710 pubmed
    To increase the utility of Antirrhinum for genetic and evolutionary studies, we constructed a molecular linkage map for an interspecific hybrid A. majus x A. molle...
  42. Hashida S, Uchiyama T, Martin C, Kishima Y, Sano Y, Mikami T. The temperature-dependent change in methylation of the Antirrhinum transposon Tam3 is controlled by the activity of its transposase. Plant Cell. 2006;18:104-18 pubmed
    The Antirrhinum majus transposon Tam3 undergoes low temperature-dependent transposition (LTDT). Growth at 15 degrees C permits transposition, whereas growth at 25 degrees C strongly suppresses it...
  43. Wright G, Skinner B, Smith B. Ability of honeybee, Apis mellifera, to detect and discriminate odors of varieties of canola (Brassica rapa and Brassica napus) and snapdragon flowers (Antirrhinum majus). J Chem Ecol. 2002;28:721-40 pubmed
    ..Our study suggests that both intensity and odor quality affect the ability of honeybees to differentiate among floral perfumes...
  44. Uchiyama T, Fujino K, Ogawa T, Wakatsuki A, Kishima Y, Mikami T, et al. Stable transcription activities dependent on an orientation of Tam3 transposon insertions into Antirrhinum and yeast promoters occur only within chromatin. Plant Physiol. 2009;151:1557-69 pubmed publisher
    ..Insertion of the Tam3 transposon into various genes of Antirrhinum majus can confer leaky phenotypes without its excision...
  45. Weight C, Parnham D, Waites R. LeafAnalyser: a computational method for rapid and large-scale analyses of leaf shape variation. Plant J. 2008;53:578-86 pubmed
    ..We used LeafAnalyser to analyse the variation in 3000 leaves from 400 plants of Antirrhinum majus...
  46. Corley S, Carpenter R, Copsey L, Coen E. Floral asymmetry involves an interplay between TCP and MYB transcription factors in Antirrhinum. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2005;102:5068-73 pubmed
    ..how genes control floral asymmetry, we have isolated and analyzed the role of the RADIALIS (RAD) gene in Antirrhinum. We show that the RAD gene encodes a small MYB-like protein that is specifically expressed in the dorsal region ..
  47. Almeida J, Galego L. Flower symmetry and shape in Antirrhinum. Int J Dev Biol. 2005;49:527-37 pubmed
    ..underlying the generation of this asymmetry and how they relate to controls of petal shape and growth in Antirrhinum. Two genes, CYC and DICH, are expressed in dorsal domains of the Antirrhinum flower and determine its overall ..
  48. Koroleva O, Tomlinson M, Parinyapong P, Sakvarelidze L, Leader D, Shaw P, et al. CycD1, a putative G1 cyclin from Antirrhinum majus, accelerates the cell cycle in cultured tobacco BY-2 cells by enhancing both G1/S entry and progression through S and G2 phases. Plant Cell. 2004;16:2364-79 pubmed
    A putative G1 cyclin gene, Antma;CycD1;1 (CycD1), from Antirrhinum majus is known to be expressed throughout the cell cycle in the meristem and other actively proliferating cells...
  49. Long M, Nagegowda D, Kaminaga Y, Ho K, Kish C, Schnepp J, et al. Involvement of snapdragon benzaldehyde dehydrogenase in benzoic acid biosynthesis. Plant J. 2009;59:256-65 pubmed publisher
    ..Using a functional genomic approach, we identified an Antirrhinum majus (snapdragon) BALDH, which exhibits 40% identity to bacterial BALDH...
  50. Rolland Lagan A, Coen E, Impey S, Bangham J. A computational method for inferring growth parameters and shape changes during development based on clonal analysis. J Theor Biol. 2005;232:157-77 pubmed
    ..The method was applied to the development of dorsal petal lobes of Antirrhinum majus...
  51. Nagegowda D, Gutensohn M, Wilkerson C, Dudareva N. Two nearly identical terpene synthases catalyze the formation of nerolidol and linalool in snapdragon flowers. Plant J. 2008;55:224-39 pubmed publisher
    ..By directing nearly identical bifunctional enzymes to more than one cellular compartment, plants extend the range of available substrates for enzyme utilization, thus increasing the diversity of the metabolites produced...
  52. Hashida S, Kitamura K, Mikami T, Kishima Y. Temperature shift coordinately changes the activity and the methylation state of transposon Tam3 in Antirrhinum majus. Plant Physiol. 2003;132:1207-16 pubmed
    The transposition frequency of Tam3 in Antirrhinum majus, unlike that of most other cut-and-paste-type transposons, is tightly controlled by temperature: Tam3 transposes rarely at 25 degrees C, but much more frequently at 15 degrees C...
  53. Baxter C, Costa M, Coen E. Diversification and co-option of RAD-like genes in the evolution of floral asymmetry. Plant J. 2007;52:105-13 pubmed
    ..In Antirrhinum, flower asymmetry depends on activation of RAD in dorsal regions of the floral meristem by the upstream ..
  54. Beninger C, Cloutier R, Monteiro M, Grodzinski B. The distribution of two major Iridoids in different organs of Antirrhinum majus L. at selected stages of development. J Chem Ecol. 2007;33:731-47 pubmed
    Two iridoid glucosides isolated from leaves of Antirrhinum majus L. were identified as the known compounds antirrhinoside and antirrhide...
  55. Stevenson C, Burton N, Costa M, Nath U, Dixon R, Coen E, et al. Crystal structure of the MYB domain of the RAD transcription factor from Antirrhinum majus. Proteins. 2006;65:1041-5 pubmed
  56. Keck E, McSteen P, Carpenter R, Coen E. Separation of genetic functions controlling organ identity in flowers. EMBO J. 2003;22:1058-66 pubmed
    ..Using a reverse genetic approach, we show that the previous inability to obtain Antirrhinum mutants corresponding to the A class gene AP2 of Arabidopsis reflects greater genetic redundancy in Antirrhinum ..
  57. Lauri A, Xing S, Heidmann I, Saedler H, Zachgo S. The pollen-specific DEFH125 promoter from Antirrhinum is bound in vivo by the MADS-box proteins DEFICIENS and GLOBOSA. Planta. 2006;224:61-71 pubmed
    The Antirrhinum DEFH125 MADS-box protein is expressed in maturing pollen and thus likely participates in the regulation of pollen development. Here, we describe the characterization of a 2...