ocimum basilicum

Summary

Summary: A plant species of the genus OCIMUM, family LAMIACEAE. It is a condiment with carminative properties.

Top Publications

  1. de Almeida I, Alviano D, Vieira D, Alves P, Blank A, Lopes A, et al. Antigiardial activity of Ocimum basilicum essential oil. Parasitol Res. 2007;101:443-52 pubmed
    In this study, we investigated the effects of Ocimum basilicum essential oil on Giardia lamblia and on the modulation of the interaction of these parasites by peritoneal mouse macrophage...
  2. Fang J, Leu Y, Hwang T, Cheng H. Essential oils from sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum) as novel enhancers to accelerate transdermal drug delivery. Biol Pharm Bull. 2004;27:1819-25 pubmed
    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the essential oils from sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum, OB) as skin permeation enhancers to promote the percutaneous absorption of drugs...
  3. Tohti I, Tursun M, Umar A, Turdi S, Imin H, Moore N. Aqueous extracts of Ocimum basilicum L. (sweet basil) decrease platelet aggregation induced by ADP and thrombin in vitro and rats arterio--venous shunt thrombosis in vivo. Thromb Res. 2006;118:733-9 pubmed
    To study the effects of aqueous extract of Ocimum basilicum L (OBL) on platelet aggregation and experimental thrombus...
  4. Murugan K, Murugan P, Noortheen A. Larvicidal and repellent potential of Albizzia amara Boivin and Ocimum basilicum Linn against dengue vector, Aedes aegypti (Insecta:Diptera:Culicidae). Bioresour Technol. 2007;98:198-201 pubmed
    Investigations were made to test the larval toxicity and smoke repellent potential of Albizzia amara and Ocimum basilicum at different concentration (2%, 4%, 6%, 8% and 10%) against the different instar (I, II, III and IV) larvae and ..
  5. Koeduka T, Fridman E, Gang D, Vassão D, Jackson B, Kish C, et al. Eugenol and isoeugenol, characteristic aromatic constituents of spices, are biosynthesized via reduction of a coniferyl alcohol ester. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2006;103:10128-33 pubmed
    ..We show here that glandular trichomes of sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum), which synthesize and accumulate phenylpropenes, possess an enzyme that can use coniferyl acetate and NADPH ..
  6. Ioannidis D, Bonner L, Johnson C. UV-B is required for normal development of oil glands in Ocimum basilicum L. (sweet basil). Ann Bot. 2002;90:453-60 pubmed
    Plants of Ocimum basilicum L. grown under glass were exposed to short treatments with supplementary UV-B...
  7. Kim H, Chen F, Wang X, Rajapakse N. Effect of chitosan on the biological properties of sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L.). J Agric Food Chem. 2005;53:3696-701 pubmed
    ..01%, 0.05%, 0.1%, 0.5%, and 1%) upon sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L...
  8. Chiang L, Ng L, Cheng P, Chiang W, Lin C. Antiviral activities of extracts and selected pure constituents of Ocimum basilicum. Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol. 2005;32:811-6 pubmed
    1. Ocimum basilicum (OB), also known as sweet basil, is a well known medicinal herb in traditional Chinese medicine preparations...
  9. Santoro G, Cardoso M, Guimarães L, Mendonça L, Soares M. Trypanosoma cruzi: activity of essential oils from Achillea millefolium L., Syzygium aromaticum L. and Ocimum basilicum L. on epimastigotes and trypomastigotes. Exp Parasitol. 2007;116:283-90 pubmed
    Trypanocidal activity of clove (Syzygium aromaticum L.), basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) and yarrow (Achillea millefolium L...

More Information

Publications116 found, 100 shown here

  1. Martinez Velazquez M, Castillo Herrera G, Rosario Cruz R, Flores Fernandez J, Lopez Ramirez J, Hernandez Gutierrez R, et al. Acaricidal effect and chemical composition of essential oils extracted from Cuminum cyminum, Pimenta dioica and Ocimum basilicum against the cattle tick Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus (Acari: Ixodidae). Parasitol Res. 2011;108:481-7 pubmed publisher
    ..oils extracted from cumin seeds (Cuminum cyminum), allspice berries (Pimenta dioica) and basil leaves (Ocimum basilicum) were tested on 10-day-old Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus tick larvae using the LPT...
  2. Siddiqui B, Bhatti H, Begum S, Perwaiz S. Evaluation of the antimycobacterium activity of the constituents from Ocimum basilicum against Mycobacterium tuberculosis. J Ethnopharmacol. 2012;144:220-2 pubmed publisher
    b>Ocimum basilicum belongs to the genus Ocimum (Lamiaceae). Many species of this genus including O. basilicum have been traditionally used for the treatment of a variety of diseases including respiratory diseases and symptoms of tuberculosis...
  3. Gang D, Wang J, Dudareva N, Nam K, Simon J, Lewinsohn E, et al. An investigation of the storage and biosynthesis of phenylpropenes in sweet basil. Plant Physiol. 2001;125:539-55 pubmed
    ..Several lines of basil (Ocimum basilicum) produce volatile oils that contain essentially only one or two specific phenylpropene compounds...
  4. Belbahri L, Calmin G, Pawlowski J, Lefort F. Phylogenetic analysis and real time PCR detection of a presumbably undescribed Peronospora species on sweet basil and sage. Mycol Res. 2005;109:1276-87 pubmed
    Downy mildew of sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum) has become a serious disease issue for the producers of sweet basil in Switzerland since it was first recorded in 2001...
  5. Govindarajan M, Sivakumar R, Rajeswary M, Yogalakshmi K. Chemical composition and larvicidal activity of essential oil from Ocimum basilicum (L.) against Culex tritaeniorhynchus, Aedes albopictus and Anopheles subpictus (Diptera: Culicidae). Exp Parasitol. 2013;134:7-11 pubmed publisher
    The toxicity of mosquito larvicidal activity of leaf essential oil and their major chemical constituents from Ocimum basilicum were evaluated against Culex tritaeniorhynchus, Aedes albopictus and Anopheles subpictus...
  6. Fandohan P, Gnonlonfin B, Laleye A, Gbenou J, Darboux R, Moudachirou M. Toxicity and gastric tolerance of essential oils from Cymbopogon citratus, Ocimum gratissimum and Ocimum basilicum in Wistar rats. Food Chem Toxicol. 2008;46:2493-7 pubmed publisher
    Oils of Cymbopogon citratus, Ocimum gratissimum and Ocimum basilicum are widely used for their medicinal properties, and as food flavours and perfumes...
  7. El Beshbishy H, Bahashwan S. Hypoglycemic effect of basil (Ocimum basilicum) aqueous extract is mediated through inhibition of ?-glucosidase and ?-amylase activities: an in vitro study. Toxicol Ind Health. 2012;28:42-50 pubmed publisher
    The present study investigated the in vitro hypoglycemic activity of basil (Ocimum basilicum) aqueous extract...
  8. Liber Z, Carović Stanko K, Politeo O, Strikić F, Kolak I, Milos M, et al. Chemical characterization and genetic relationships among Ocimum basilicum L. cultivars. Chem Biodivers. 2011;8:1978-89 pubmed publisher
    Twenty-seven Ocimum basilicum cultivars were subjected to a chemical characterization of essential oil components by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) and a genetic characterization using the amplified fragment-length ..
  9. Kim H, Chen F, Wang X, Rajapakse N. Effect of methyl jasmonate on secondary metabolites of sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L.). J Agric Food Chem. 2006;54:2327-32 pubmed
    ..The effect of methyl jasmonate (MeJA) in terms of its induction of inherent bioactive chemicals in sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) was evaluated after MeJA was sprayed on healthy basil plants...
  10. Siddiqui B, Aslam H, Ali S, Begum S, Khatoon N. Two new triterpenoids and a steroidal glycoside from the aerial parts of Ocimum basilicum. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 2007;55:516-9 pubmed
    Studies on the chemical constituents of the aerial parts of Ocimum basilicum have led to the isolation of three new compounds, basilol (1), ocimol (2), and basilimoside (3), along with two known constituents betulinic acid and oleanolic ..
  11. Bravo E, Amrani S, Aziz M, Harnafi H, Napolitano M. Ocimum basilicum ethanolic extract decreases cholesterol synthesis and lipid accumulation in human macrophages. Fitoterapia. 2008;79:515-23 pubmed publisher
    ..Previous work showed that Ocimum basilicum extract, used as hypocholesterolemic agent by traditional medicine in Morocco, has hypolipidemic activity in ..
  12. Venâncio A, Onofre A, Lira A, Alves P, Blank A, Antoniolli A, et al. Chemical composition, acute toxicity, and antinociceptive activity of the essential oil of a plant breeding cultivar of basil (Ocimum basilicum L.). Planta Med. 2011;77:825-9 pubmed publisher
    b>Ocimum basilicum L. is an aromatic herb used in Brazil to treat illnesses such as respiratory and rheumatic problems, vomiting, and pain...
  13. Kathirvel P, Ravi S. Chemical composition of the essential oil from basil (Ocimum basilicum Linn.) and its in vitro cytotoxicity against HeLa and HEp-2 human cancer cell lines and NIH 3T3 mouse embryonic fibroblasts. Nat Prod Res. 2012;26:1112-8 pubmed publisher
    This study examines the chemical composition and in vitro anticancer activity of the essential oil from Ocimum basilicum Linn. (Lamiaceae), cultivated in the Western Ghats of South India...
  14. Loughrin J, Kasperbauer M. Aroma content of fresh basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) leaves is affected by light reflected from colored mulches. J Agric Food Chem. 2003;51:2272-6 pubmed
    Sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) is an herb that is used to add a distinct aroma and flavor to food...
  15. Dasgupta T, Rao A, Yadava P. Chemomodulatory efficacy of basil leaf (Ocimum basilicum) on drug metabolizing and antioxidant enzymes, and on carcinogen-induced skin and forestomach papillomagenesis. Phytomedicine. 2004;11:139-51 pubmed
    Basil or sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum) is cultivated throughout India and is known for its medicinal value...
  16. Copetta A, Lingua G, Berta G. Effects of three AM fungi on growth, distribution of glandular hairs, and essential oil production in Ocimum basilicum L. var. Genovese. Mycorrhiza. 2006;16:485-494 pubmed publisher
    ..and Gigaspora rosea BEG 9 on shoot and root biomass, abundance of glandular hairs, and essential oil yield of Ocimum basilicum L. var. Genovese were studied...
  17. Amrani S, Harnafi H, Bouanani N, Aziz M, Caid H, Manfredini S, et al. Hypolipidaemic activity of aqueous Ocimum basilicum extract in acute hyperlipidaemia induced by triton WR-1339 in rats and its antioxidant property. Phytother Res. 2006;20:1040-5 pubmed
    ..b>Ocimum basilicum is one of the medicinal plants widely used in Morocco to reduce plasma cholesterol and to reduce the risk of ..
  18. Berić T, Nikolic B, Stanojević J, Vuković Gacić B, Knezevic Vukcevic J. Protective effect of basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) against oxidative DNA damage and mutagenesis. Food Chem Toxicol. 2008;46:724-32 pubmed
    ..Obtained results indicate that antigenotoxic potential of basil derivatives could be attributed to their antioxidative properties...
  19. Itoh K, Nakamura K, Utsukihara T, Sakamaki H, Horiuchi C. Stereoselective oxidation of racemic 1-arylethanols by basil cultured cells of Ocimum basilicum cv. Purpurascens. Biotechnol Lett. 2008;30:951-4 pubmed
    The biotransformation of racemic 1-phenylethanol (30 mg) with plant cultured cells of basil (Ocimum basilicum cv...
  20. Thines M, Telle S, Ploch S, Runge F. Identity of the downy mildew pathogens of basil, coleus, and sage with implications for quarantine measures. Mycol Res. 2009;113:532-40 pubmed publisher
  21. Amrani S, Harnafi H, Gadi D, Mekhfi H, Legssyer A, Aziz M, et al. Vasorelaxant and anti-platelet aggregation effects of aqueous Ocimum basilicum extract. J Ethnopharmacol. 2009;125:157-62 pubmed publisher
    In this work the endothelium-dependant vasorelaxant and anti-platelet aggregation activities of an aqueous extract from Ocimum basilicum were studied.
  22. Dorman H, Hiltunen R. Ocimum basilicum L.: phenolic profile and antioxidant-related activity. Nat Prod Commun. 2010;5:65-72 pubmed
    b>Ocimum basilicum L...
  23. Bassolé I, Lamien Meda A, Bayala B, Tirogo S, Franz C, Novak J, et al. Composition and antimicrobial activities of Lippia multiflora Moldenke, Mentha x piperita L. and Ocimum basilicum L. essential oils and their major monoterpene alcohols alone and in combination. Molecules. 2010;15:7825-39 pubmed publisher
    Essential oils from leaves of Lippia multiflora, Mentha x piperita and Ocimum basilicum from Burkina Faso were analysed by GC-FID and GC-MS. Major components were p-cymene, thymol, b-caryophyllene, carvacrol and carvone for L...
  24. Bora K, Arora S, Shri R. Role of Ocimum basilicum L. in prevention of ischemia and reperfusion-induced cerebral damage, and motor dysfunctions in mice brain. J Ethnopharmacol. 2011;137:1360-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Many species are used for their antioxidant and neuroprotective activity in various parts of the world. Ocimum basilicum Linn...
  25. Javanmardi J, Khalighi A, Kashi A, Bais H, Vivanco J. Chemical characterization of basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) found in local accessions and used in traditional medicines in Iran. J Agric Food Chem. 2002;50:5878-83 pubmed
    ..and qualitative traits along with the chemical variation of phenolic acids, of 23 accessions of basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) from Iran were studied...
  26. Kintzios S, Makri O, Panagiotopoulos E, Scapeti M. In vitro rosmarinic acid accumulation in sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L.). Biotechnol Lett. 2003;25:405-8 pubmed
    Leaf-derived suspension cultures of sweet basil, Ocimum basilicum L. accumulated rosmarinic acid up to 10 mg g(-1) dry wt, a value up to 11 times higher than in callus cultures or in leaves of donor plants...
  27. Gulcin I, Elmastas M, Aboul Enein H. Determination of antioxidant and radical scavenging activity of Basil (Ocimum basilicum L. Family Lamiaceae) assayed by different methodologies. Phytother Res. 2007;21:354-61 pubmed
    ..Basil (Ocimum basilicum L. Family Lamiaceae) is used as a kitchen herb and as an ornamental plant in house gardens...
  28. Zheljazkov V, Callahan A, Cantrell C. Yield and oil composition of 38 basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) accessions grown in Mississippi. J Agric Food Chem. 2008;56:241-5 pubmed
    ..A field experiment was conducted to assess yield, oil content, and composition of 38 genotypes of sweet basil ( Ocimum basilicum L.). Overall, biomass yields were high and comparable to those reported in the literature...
  29. Zhang J, Li S, Wu W. The main chemical composition and in vitro antifungal activity of the essential oils of Ocimum basilicum Linn. var. pilosum (Willd.) Benth. Molecules. 2009;14:273-8 pubmed publisher
    The essential oils of the aerial parts of Ocimum basilicum Linn.var. pilosum (Willd.) Benth., an endemic medicinal plant growing in China, was obtained by hydrodistillation and analysed by GC-MS. Fifteen compounds, representing 74...
  30. Umar A, Imam G, Yimin W, Kerim P, Tohti I, Berke B, et al. Antihypertensive effects of Ocimum basilicum L. (OBL) on blood pressure in renovascular hypertensive rats. Hypertens Res. 2010;33:727-30 pubmed publisher
    b>Ocimum basilicum L. (OBL), sweet basil, is a medicinal herb used in traditional Chinese medicine to treat cardiovascular diseases including hypertension...
  31. Strazzer P, Guzzo F, Levi M. Correlated accumulation of anthocyanins and rosmarinic acid in mechanically stressed red cell suspensions of basil (Ocimum basilicum). J Plant Physiol. 2011;168:288-93 pubmed publisher
  32. Fischer M, Meyer S, Claudel P, Perrin M, Ginglinger J, Gertz C, et al. Specificity of Ocimum basilicum geraniol synthase modified by its expression in different heterologous systems. J Biotechnol. 2013;163:24-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum) geraniol synthase (GES) was used to evaluate the monoterpenol profiles arising from heterologous expressions ..
  33. Flores C, San Martin S, Carrillo L, Bejarano N. [Fusarium species of the Quebrada de Lozano, Jujuy, Argentina]. Rev Argent Microbiol. 2005;37:109-12 pubmed
    ..oxysporum obtained of soils with cultivations of Chrysanthemum leucanthemum, Ocimum basilicum and Zea mays. The F. merismoides, F. semitectum and F...
  34. Zheljazkov V, Stratton G, Pincock J, Butler S, Jeliazkova E, Nedkov N, et al. Wool-waste as organic nutrient source for container-grown plants. Waste Manag. 2009;29:2160-4 pubmed publisher
    ..A single addition of 20, 40, 80, or 120 g of wool-waste to Swiss chard (Beta vulgaris L.) and basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) in pots with growth medium provided four harvests of Swiss chard and five harvests of basil...
  35. Loughrin J, Kasperbauer M. Light reflected from colored mulches affects aroma and phenol content of sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) leaves. J Agric Food Chem. 2001;49:1331-5 pubmed
    Basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) is an herb the leaves of which are used to add a distinct aroma and flavor to food...
  36. Iijima Y, Davidovich Rikanati R, Fridman E, Gang D, Bar E, Lewinsohn E, et al. The biochemical and molecular basis for the divergent patterns in the biosynthesis of terpenes and phenylpropenes in the peltate glands of three cultivars of basil. Plant Physiol. 2004;136:3724-36 pubmed
    Surface glandular trichomes distributed throughout the aerial parts of sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum) produce and store monoterpene, sesquiterpene, and phenylpropene volatiles...
  37. Ahmad N, Sharma S, Alam M, Singh V, Shamsi S, Mehta B, et al. Rapid synthesis of silver nanoparticles using dried medicinal plant of basil. Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces. 2010;81:81-6 pubmed publisher
  38. Ruffoni B, Pistelli L, Bertoli A, Pistelli L. Plant cell cultures: bioreactors for industrial production. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2010;698:203-21 pubmed
    ..Several examples of medicinal and aromatic plant cultures were here summarized for the scale up cultivation in bioreactors. ..
  39. Shen Y, Shen X, Wang C, Jiang J, Wang Z, Yu X. [Factors influence volatile oil content in Ocimun basilicum introduced from Xinjiang province to south-east China]. Zhong Yao Cai. 2011;34:1682-3 pubmed
    ..Only harvest leaves and flowers can significantly reduce the cost for transport and also increase oil extract rate of Volatile oil. ..
  40. Knezevic P, Aleksic Sabo V, Simin N, Lesjak M, Mimica Dukic N. A colorimetric broth microdilution method for assessment of Helicobacter pylori sensitivity to antimicrobial agents. J Pharm Biomed Anal. 2018;152:271-278 pubmed publisher
    ..and Lamiaceae (Hyssopus officinalis, Salvia officinalis, Melissa officinalis, Lavandula angustifolia, Ocimum basilicum and Thymus serpyllum) against H. pylori, using an improved microdilution broth method...
  41. Geeta -, Vasudevan D, Kedlaya R, Deepa S, Ballal M. Activity of Ocimum sanctum (the traditional Indian medicinal plant) against the enteric pathogens. Indian J Med Sci. 2001;55:434-8, 472 pubmed
    ..Aqueous extract showed wider zones of inhibition for Klebisella, E. Coil, Proteus & Staphylococcus aureus. Alcoholic extract showed wider zone for vibrio cholerae. ..
  42. Islam M, Islam S, Latif S. Detection of arsenic in water, herbal and soil samples by neutron activation analysis technique. Bull Environ Contam Toxicol. 2007;79:327-30 pubmed
    ..Moreover, a considerably harmful level of Arsenic was detected in herbal samples collected from the same origin. As a result, AHMPs manufactured in Asia might be contaminated by arsenic through arsenic contaminated herb plants. ..
  43. Hoefler C, Chen A, Jakob E. The potential of a jumping spider, Phidippus clarus, as a biocontrol agent. J Econ Entomol. 2006;99:432-6 pubmed
    ..We placed three treatments in large enclosures: 1) control treatment of only sweet basil, Ocimum basilicum L.; 2) sweet basil and a phytophagous pest, fourlined plant bug, Poecilocapsus lineatus (F...
  44. Xie Z, Kapteyn J, Gang D. A systems biology investigation of the MEP/terpenoid and shikimate/phenylpropanoid pathways points to multiple levels of metabolic control in sweet basil glandular trichomes. Plant J. 2008;54:349-61 pubmed publisher
    ..We utilized a proteomics-based approach with isolated trichomes of four different sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L...
  45. Maeda O, Oikawa C, Shiomi N, Toriba A, Hayakawa K. A clean-up method by photocatalysis for HPLC analysis of iprodione in dry basil. Anal Sci. 2008;24:1053-5 pubmed
    ..3% of iprodione remained. The recovery of iprodione was 102.6% by the proposed method in basil extracts. This may have been due to different decomposition rates of the analyte and interfering substances. ..
  46. Shields J, Lee M, Murphy H. Use of a common laboratory glassware detergent improves recovery of Cryptosporidium parvum and Cyclospora cayetanensis from lettuce, herbs and raspberries. Int J Food Microbiol. 2012;153:123-8 pubmed publisher
    ..8 ± 0.7% to 80.2 ± 11.3%, respectively. These results suggest that the use of Alconox in a wash solution significantly improves recovery resulting in the detection of these parasitic protozoa on high risk foods...
  47. Yun Y, Nakajima Y, Iseda E, Kunugi A. Determination of antioxidant activity of herbs by ESR. Shokuhin Eiseigaku Zasshi. 2003;44:59-62 pubmed
    ..Clove and basil directly eliminated O2.- like superoxide dismutase (SOD), whereas allspice reduced the amount of O2.- by inhibition of formation of O2.-...
  48. Berim A, Gang D. Characterization of two candidate flavone 8-O-methyltransferases suggests the existence of two potential routes to nevadensin in sweet basil. Phytochemistry. 2013;92:33-41 pubmed publisher
    ..underlie the structural diversity of lipophilic flavones produced in the trichomes of sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L.). The positions 6, 7, and 4' are methylated by a recently described set of cation-independent enzymes...
  49. Al Ali K, El Beshbishy H, El Badry A, Alkhalaf M. Cytotoxic activity of methanolic extract of Mentha longifolia and Ocimum basilicum against human breast cancer. Pak J Biol Sci. 2013;16:1744-50 pubmed
    ..ML) and Ocimum basilicum L. (OB) that grown in Madina province, western region, Saudi Arabia...
  50. Moore N, Hamza N, Berke B, Umar A. News from Tartary: an ethnopharmacological approach to drug and therapeutic discovery. Br J Clin Pharmacol. 2017;83:33-37 pubmed publisher
    ..of Armagnac extracts from Southwest France; antithrombotic and antihypertensive effects of extracts of Ocimum basilicum L; antithrombotic, antihypertensive and antihyperlipidemic effects of Cydonia oblonga; Antiproliferative and ..
  51. Lung I, Soran M, OpriÅŸ O, TruÅŸcă M, Niinemets Ã, Copolovici L. Induction of stress volatiles and changes in essential oil content and composition upon microwave exposure in the aromatic plant Ocimum basilicum. Sci Total Environ. 2016;569-570:489-495 pubmed publisher
    ..microwaves on emissions of volatile organic compounds and content of essential oil in the aromatic plant Ocimum basilicum L...
  52. Kniel K, Shearer A, Cascarino J, Wilkins G, Jenkins M. High hydrostatic pressure and UV light treatment of produce contaminated with Eimeria acervulina as a Cyclospora cayetanensis surrogate. J Food Prot. 2007;70:2837-42 pubmed
    ..Both treatments yielded healthy animals; however, HPP was more effective, as indicated by results for produce with higher contamination levels. ..
  53. Hossain M, Kabir M, Salehuddin S, Rahman S, Das A, Singha S, et al. Antibacterial properties of essential oils and methanol extracts of sweet basil Ocimum basilicum occurring in Bangladesh. Pharm Biol. 2010;48:504-11 pubmed publisher
    The antibacterial potential of essential oils and methanol extracts of sweet basil Ocimum basilicum L. (Lamiaceae) was evaluated for controlling the growth range of food-borne pathogenic bacteria...
  54. Bidri M, Conti M, Franetich J, Tefit M, Mazier D, Arock M, et al. Fresh aromatic herbs containing methylchavicol did not exhibit the pro-oxidative effects of pure methylchavicol on a human hepatoma cell line, HepG2. Ann Pharm Fr. 2012;70:256-63 pubmed publisher
    ..It also suggests that natural extracts containing different amounts of CH(3)-CV (tarragon, chervil and basil) did not elicit such toxicity and might contain compounds able to counteract this detrimental property. ..
  55. Araújo Silva V, Pereira da Sousa J, de Luna Freire Pessoa H, Fernanda Ramos de Freitas A, Douglas Melo Coutinho H, Beuttenmuller Nogueira Alves L, et al. Ocimum basilicum: Antibacterial activity and association study with antibiotics against bacteria of clinical importance. Pharm Biol. 2016;54:863-7 pubmed publisher
    b>Ocimum basilicum L...
  56. Ben Naim Y, Falach L, Cohen Y. Transfer of Downy Mildew Resistance from Wild Basil (Ocimum americanum) to Sweet Basil (O. basilicum). Phytopathology. 2017;:PHYTO06170207R pubmed publisher
    Sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum) is susceptible to downy mildew caused by the oomycete foliar pathogen Peronospora belbahrii. No resistant varieties of sweet basil are commercially available...
  57. Davidovich Rikanati R, Lewinsohn E, Bar E, Iijima Y, Pichersky E, Sitrit Y. Overexpression of the lemon basil alpha-zingiberene synthase gene increases both mono- and sesquiterpene contents in tomato fruit. Plant J. 2008;56:228-38 pubmed publisher
    alpha-Zingiberene synthase (ZIS), a sesquiterpene synthase gene that was isolated from lemon basil (Ocimum basilicum L...
  58. Ortega Y, Mann A, Torres M, Cama V. Efficacy of gaseous chlorine dioxide as a sanitizer against Cryptosporidium parvum, Cyclospora cayetanensis, and Encephalitozoon intestinalis on produce. J Food Prot. 2008;71:2410-4 pubmed
    ..Reduction of Encephalitozoon in basil and lettuce was 3.58 and 4.58 CFU/g respectively. E. coli loads were significantly reduced (2.45 to 3.97 log), whereas Cyclospora sporulation was not affected by this treatment. ..
  59. Padalia R, Verma R. Comparative volatile oil composition of four Ocimum species from northern India. Nat Prod Res. 2011;25:569-75 pubmed publisher
    The hydrodistilled essential oils of Ocimum basilicum L. cvs. 'Vikarsudha' and 'CIM-Soumya', Ocimum sanctum L. cvs. 'Green' (CIM-Ayu) and 'Purple', Ocimum gratissimum L...
  60. Å tefanidesová K, Å kultéty Ä, Sparagano O, Å pitalská E. The repellent efficacy of eleven essential oils against adult Dermacentor reticulatus ticks. Ticks Tick Borne Dis. 2017;8:780-786 pubmed publisher
    ..Eleven essential oils, namely basil (Ocimum basilicum), bergamot (Citrus bergamia), clove bud (Syzygium aromaticum), citronella (Cymbopogon winterianus), creeping ..
  61. Yadav S, Mittal P, Saxena P, Singh R. Effect of synergist piperonyl butoxide (PBO) on the toxicity of some essential oils against mosquito larvae. J Commun Dis. 2008;40:263-8 pubmed
    ..of steam distillate essential oils of Jamarosa (Cymbopogan nardus), Pacholli (Pogostemon pacholli), Basil (Ocimum basilicum), and Peppermint (Mentha pipreta) plant species against Anopheles stephensi larvae were evaluated...
  62. Khazaei N, Esmaiili M, Emam djomeh Z. Effect of active edible coatings made by basil seed gum and thymol on oil uptake and oxidation in shrimp during deep-fat frying. Carbohydr Polym. 2016;137:249-254 pubmed publisher
    ..05). However, for the texture, juiciness, chewiness, and overall acceptability, coated fried samples had higher scores than control. ..
  63. Lopez A, Dodson D, Arrowood M, Orlandi P, da Silva A, Bier J, et al. Outbreak of cyclosporiasis associated with basil in Missouri in 1999. Clin Infect Dis. 2001;32:1010-7 pubmed
    ..This is the second documented outbreak of cyclosporiasis in the United States linked to fresh basil and the first US outbreak for which Cyclospora has been detected in an epidemiologically implicated food item...
  64. Thorn A, Orians C. Partial defoliation and hydraulic integration in Ocimum basilicum (Lamiaceae): testing a model for sectored xylem flow using ¹?N labeling. Am J Bot. 2011;98:1816-24 pubmed publisher
    ..We present an Ohm's law model for sectoriality of xylem transport in basil (Ocimum basilicum), which we parameterized and tested using hydroponically grown split-root basil, pruned to two branches...
  65. Gang D, Lavid N, Zubieta C, Chen F, Beuerle T, Lewinsohn E, et al. Characterization of phenylpropene O-methyltransferases from sweet basil: facile change of substrate specificity and convergent evolution within a plant O-methyltransferase family. Plant Cell. 2002;14:505-19 pubmed
    ..This prediction was confirmed by site-directed mutagenesis, in which the appropriate mutants of CVOMT1 (F260S) and EOMT1 (S261F) were produced that exhibited the opposite substrate preference relative to the respective native enzyme. ..
  66. Walker T, Bais H, Déziel E, Schweizer H, Rahme L, Fall R, et al. Pseudomonas aeruginosa-plant root interactions. Pathogenicity, biofilm formation, and root exudation. Plant Physiol. 2004;134:320-31 pubmed
    ..aeruginosa strains PAO1 and PA14 are capable of infecting the roots of Arabidopsis and sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum), in vitro and in the soil, and are capable of causing plant mortality 7 d postinoculation...
  67. Bozin B, Mimica Dukic N, Simin N, Anackov G. Characterization of the volatile composition of essential oils of some lamiaceae spices and the antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of the entire oils. J Agric Food Chem. 2006;54:1822-8 pubmed
    The essential oils of Ocimum basilicum L., Origanum vulgare L., and Thymus vulgaris L. were analyzed by means of gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and assayed for their antioxidant and antimicrobial activities...
  68. Beier R, Byrd J, Kubena L, Hume M, McReynolds J, Anderson R, et al. Evaluation of linalool, a natural antimicrobial and insecticidal essential oil from basil: effects on poultry. Poult Sci. 2014;93:267-72 pubmed publisher
    ..Linalool at 2% or less may be safely added to chicken feed. We suggest future studies to evaluate the addition of linalool to the litter, where it may be used as an antimicrobial or an insect repellent or to produce a calming effect. ..
  69. Cohen Y, Ben Naim Y, Falach L, Rubin A. Epidemiology of Basil Downy Mildew. Phytopathology. 2017;107:1149-1160 pubmed publisher
    Basil downy mildew (BDM) caused by the oomycete Peronospora belbahrii is a destructive disease of sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum) worldwide...
  70. Tsasi G, Mailis T, Daskalaki A, Sakadani E, Razis P, Samaras Y, et al. The Effect of Harvesting on the Composition of Essential Oils from Five Varieties of Ocimum basilicum L. Cultivated in the Island of Kefalonia, Greece. Plants (Basel). 2017;6: pubmed publisher
    Five varieties of Ocimum basilicum L. namely lettuce, cinnamon, minimum, latifolia, and violetto were separately cultivated in field and greenhouse in the island Kefalonia (Greece)...
  71. De Vincenzi M, Silano M, Maialetti F, Scazzocchio B. Constituents of aromatic plants: II. Estragole. Fitoterapia. 2000;71:725-9 pubmed
    ..Controversial results are reported for the mutagenicity of ES. However, the formation of hepatic DNA adducts in vivo and in vitro by metabolites of ES has been demonstrated. ..
  72. Gang D, Beuerle T, Ullmann P, Werck Reichhart D, Pichersky E. Differential production of meta hydroxylated phenylpropanoids in sweet basil peltate glandular trichomes and leaves is controlled by the activities of specific acyltransferases and hydroxylases. Plant Physiol. 2002;130:1536-44 pubmed
    Sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum) peltate glandular trichomes produce a variety of small molecular weight phenylpropanoids, such as eugenol, caffeic acid, and rosmarinic acid, that result from meta hydroxylation reactions...
  73. Melo J, D Souza S. Removal of chromium by mucilaginous seeds of Ocimum basilicum. Bioresour Technol. 2004;92:151-5 pubmed
    ..A limitation of this technology can be overcome by immobilization. In view of this Ocimum basilicum seeds which swell upon wetting could serve as natural immobilized source of agriculturally-based ..
  74. Li Z, Wang X, Chen F, Kim H. Chemical changes and overexpressed genes in sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) upon methyl jasmonate treatment. J Agric Food Chem. 2007;55:706-13 pubmed
    ..Northern blot further confirmed the increased production at transcriptional level of LOX, C4H, PDH, PPO, PPR, and APase. ..
  75. Kalaivani K, Senthil Nathan S, Murugesan A. Biological activity of selected Lamiaceae and Zingiberaceae plant essential oils against the dengue vector Aedes aegypti L. (Diptera: Culicidae). Parasitol Res. 2012;110:1261-8 pubmed publisher
    The larvicidal activity of hydrodistillate extracts from Mentha piperita L. Ocimum basilicum L. Curcuma longa L. and Zingiber officinale L. were investigated against the dengue vector Aedes aegypti L. (Diptera: Culicidae)...
  76. Wang Z, Chen P, Yu L, Harrington P. Authentication of organically and conventionally grown basils by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry chemical profiles. Anal Chem. 2013;85:2945-53 pubmed publisher
    ..The FuRES and the FOAM are demonstrated as powerful tools for modeling and classifying GC/MS data of complex samples, and the data pretreatments are demonstrated to be useful to improve the performance of classifiers. ..
  77. Maggio A, Roscigno G, Bruno M, De Falco E, Senatore F. Essential-Oil Variability in a Collection of Ocimum basilicum L. (Basil) Cultivars. Chem Biodivers. 2016;13:1357-1368 pubmed publisher
    b>Ocimum basilicum L. (Lamiaceae) is an aromatic plant of great tradition in the Mediterranean area. Its economic importance is growing up determining an expansion of cultivation...
  78. Kusamran W, Ratanavila A, Tepsuwan A. Effects of neem flowers, Thai and Chinese bitter gourd fruits and sweet basil leaves on hepatic monooxygenases and glutathione S-transferase activities, and in vitro metabolic activation of chemical carcinogens in rats. Food Chem Toxicol. 1998;36:475-84 pubmed
    ..and leaves of sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum Linn) on the levels of phase I enzymes, which include cytochrome P450 (P450), aniline hydroxylase (ANH) and ..
  79. Erler F, Ulug I, Yalcinkaya B. Repellent activity of five essential oils against Culex pipiens. Fitoterapia. 2006;77:491-4 pubmed
    ..dried fruits of eucalyptus (Eucalyptus camaldulensis), dried foliage of mint (Mentha piperita) and basil (Ocimum basilicum) and fresh foliage of laurel (Laurus nobilis) were tested for their repellency against the adult females of ..
  80. Fatope M, Marwah R, Al Hadhrami N, Onifade A, Williams J. Identification of the chemotypes of Ocimum forskolei and Ocimum basilicum by NMR spectroscopy. Chem Biodivers. 2008;5:2457-63 pubmed publisher
    The chemotypes of Ocimum forskolei Benth and Ocimum basilicum L. growing wild in Oman have been established by (13)C-NMR analyses of the vegetative and floral oils of the plants. The chemotypes, estragole for O...
  81. Shah L, Macdougall L, Ellis A, Ong C, Shyng S, Leblanc L. Challenges of investigating community outbreaks of cyclosporiasis, British Columbia, Canada. Emerg Infect Dis. 2009;15:1286-8 pubmed publisher
  82. Kečkeš J, Trifković J, Andrić F, Jovetić M, Tesić Z, Milojković Opsenica D. Amino acids profile of Serbian unifloral honeys. J Sci Food Agric. 2013;93:3368-76 pubmed publisher
  83. Wang Z, Harrington P. Feature selection of gas chromatography/mass spectrometry chemical profiles of basil plants using a bootstrapped fuzzy rule-building expert system. Anal Bioanal Chem. 2013;405:9219-34 pubmed publisher
    ..7%, respectively. Characteristic components in basil extracts corresponding to highest-ranked useful features were putatively identified. The feature subset may prove valuable as a rapid approach for organic basil authentication. ..
  84. Chaudhary S, Semwal A, Kumar H, Verma H, Kumar A. In-vivo study for anti-hyperglycemic potential of aqueous extract of Basil seeds (Ocimum basilicum Linn) and its influence on biochemical parameters, serum electrolytes and haematological indices. Biomed Pharmacother. 2016;84:2008-2013 pubmed publisher
    The study introduced anti-hyperglycemic influence of aqueous extract of Ocimum basilicum seeds (AEOBS) in Streptozotocin (STZ) induced diabetic rats and estimating its potential to ameliorate altered level of biochemical parameters, serum ..
  85. Satoh T, Sugawara Y. Effects on humans elicited by inhaling the fragrance of essential oils: sensory test, multi-channel thermometric study and forehead surface potential wave measurement on basil and peppermint. Anal Sci. 2003;19:139-46 pubmed
  86. Wang T, Cui S, Hu X, Lu R. [Study on the constituents of volatile oil from Ocimum basilicum]. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2003;28:740-2 pubmed
    To study the constituents of volatile oil from Ocimum basilicum.
  87. Zheljazkov V, Warman P. Source-separated municipal solid waste compost application to Swiss chard and basil. J Environ Qual. 2004;33:542-52 pubmed
    ..Basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) and Swiss chard (Beta vulgaris L...
  88. Barbieri G, Vallone S, Orsini F, Paradiso R, De Pascale S, Negre Zakharov F, et al. Stomatal density and metabolic determinants mediate salt stress adaptation and water use efficiency in basil (Ocimum basilicum L.). J Plant Physiol. 2012;169:1737-46 pubmed publisher
    ..Leaf volatile profiling also revealed cultivar-specific patterns, which may suggest a role for the volatile phenylpropanoid eugenol and monoterpenes in conferring stress tolerance via antioxidant and signalling functions...
  89. Radulović N, Blagojević P, Miltojević A. ?-Linalool - a marker compound of forged/synthetic sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) essential oils. J Sci Food Agric. 2013;93:3292-303 pubmed publisher
    b>Ocimum basilicum L. (sweet basil) is known to occur as several chemotypes or cultivars that differ in their essential oil composition...
  90. Liaros S, Botsis K, Xydis G. Technoeconomic evaluation of urban plant factories: The case of basil (Ocimum basilicum). Sci Total Environ. 2016;554-555:218-27 pubmed publisher
    ..The study will rely on the basic principles of Life Cycle Costing Assessment and develop a methodology upon which different scenarios will be evaluated against the "Do Nothing" scenario. ..
  91. Mindich L, Qiao X, Qiao J, Onodera S, Romantschuk M, Hoogstraten D. Isolation of additional bacteriophages with genomes of segmented double-stranded RNA. J Bacteriol. 1999;181:4505-8 pubmed
    ..of Pisum sativum, Phaseolus vulgaris, Lycopersicon esculentum, Daucus carota sativum, Raphanus sativum, and Ocimum basilicum. All contain three segments of double-stranded RNA and have genomic-segment sizes that are similar but not ..
  92. Kang Y, Outlaw W, Fiore G, Riddle K. Guard cell apoplastic photosynthate accumulation corresponds to a phloem-loading mechanism. J Exp Bot. 2007;58:4061-70 pubmed publisher
    ..As a first step, carbohydrate analyses of phloem exudates confirmed basil (Ocimum basilicum L. cv. Minimum) as a symplastic phloem-loading species...