nepeta

Summary

Summary: A genus of the LAMIACEAE family. It is known for its mild calming effect and for the way cats are attracted to the aroma.

Top Publications

  1. Cigremis Y, Ulukanli Z, Ilcim A, Akgoz M. In vitro antioxidant and antimicrobial assays of acetone extracts from Nepeta meyeri Bentham. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2010;14:661-8 pubmed
    BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVIES: Nepeta species are used as diuretic, diaphoretic, antitussive, antispasmodic, antiasthmatic, febrifuge, emmenagogue, sedative agents, insecticidal, acaricidal, antiviral, anti-inflammatory and antioxidant...
  2. Nostro A, Cannatelli M, Crisafi G, Alonzo V. The effect of Nepeta cataria extract on adherence and enzyme production of Staphylococcus aureus. Int J Antimicrob Agents. 2001;18:583-5 pubmed
    b>Nepeta cataria L., commonly known as catnip, is a perennial herb with a considerable folkloric reputation. A diethyl ether extract of this plant has been shown to have antimicrobial activity against fungi and Gram-positive bacteria...
  3. Mahnaz K, Alireza F, Hassan V, Mahdi S, Reza A, Abbas H. Larvicidal activity of essential oil and methanol extract of Nepeta menthoides against malaria vector Anopheles stephensi. Asian Pac J Trop Med. 2012;5:962-5 pubmed publisher
    To investigate the larvicidal activity of essential oil and methanol extract of the Nepeta menthoides (N. menthoides) against main malaria vector, Anopheles stephensi (An. stephensi).
  4. Adiguzel A, Ozer H, Sokmen M, Gulluce M, Sokmen A, Kilic H, et al. Antimicrobial and antioxidant activity of the essential oil and methanol extract of Nepeta cataria. Pol J Microbiol. 2009;58:69-76 pubmed
    Catnip (Nepeta cataria) is an important medicinal herb belonging to the mint family, Lamiaceae...
  5. Zhu J, Zeng X, Berkebile D, Du H, Tong Y, Qian K. Efficacy and safety of catnip (Nepeta cataria) as a novel filth fly repellent. Med Vet Entomol. 2009;23:209-16 pubmed publisher
    Catnip (Nepeta cataria) is known for its pseudo-narcotic effects on cats. Recently, it has been reported as an effective mosquito repellent against several Aedes and Culex species, both topically and spatially...
  6. Shafaghat A, Oji K. Nepetalactone content and antibacterial activity of the essential oils from different parts of Nepeta persica. Nat Prod Commun. 2010;5:625-8 pubmed
    The essential oils from the flower, leaf, stem and root of Nepeta persica Boiss., analyzed by GC and GC/MS, were shown to contain 4abeta,7alpha,7abeta-nepetalactone (58.5%, 62.3%, 66.2% and 27...
  7. Polsomboon S, Grieco J, Achee N, Chauhan K, Tanasinchayakul S, Pothikasikorn J, et al. Behavioral responses of catnip (Nepeta cataria) by two species of mosquitoes, Aedes aegypti and Anopheles harrisoni, in Thailand. J Am Mosq Control Assoc. 2008;24:513-9 pubmed
    An investigation of the biological effect of catnip oil (Nepeta cataria L.) on the behavioral response of field collected Aedes aegypti and Anopheles harrisoni was conducted using an automated excitorepellency test system...
  8. Spero N, Gonzalez Y, Scialdone M, Hallahan D. Repellency of hydrogenated catmint oil formulations to black flies and mosquitoes in the field. J Med Entomol. 2008;45:1080-6 pubmed
    The essential oil of catmint, Nepeta cataria L., was hydrogenated to yield an oil enriched in dihydronepetalactone (DHN) diastereomers, termed. This material was used for the preparation of liquid alcohol-based and lotion formulations...
  9. Gilani A, Shah A, Zubair A, Khalid S, Kiani J, Ahmed A, et al. Chemical composition and mechanisms underlying the spasmolytic and bronchodilatory properties of the essential oil of Nepeta cataria L. J Ethnopharmacol. 2009;121:405-11 pubmed publisher
    The study was aimed to investigate the chemical composition and pharmacological basis for traditional use of essential oil of Nepeta cataria L. (Limiaceae) (Nc.Oil) in gastrointestinal and respiratory disorders.

More Information

Publications98

  1. Birkett M, Hassanali A, Hoglund S, Pettersson J, Pickett J. Repellent activity of catmint, Nepeta cataria, and iridoid nepetalactone isomers against Afro-tropical mosquitoes, ixodid ticks and red poultry mites. Phytochemistry. 2011;72:109-14 pubmed publisher
    The repellent activity of the essential oil of the catmint plant, Nepeta cataria (Lamiaceae), and the main iridoid compounds (4aS,7S,7aR) and (4aS,7S,7aS)-nepetalactone, was assessed against (i) major Afro-tropical pathogen vector ..
  2. Zhu J, Berkebile D, Dunlap C, Zhang A, Boxler D, Tangtrakulwanich K, et al. Nepetalactones from essential oil of Nepeta cataria represent a stable fly feeding and oviposition repellent. Med Vet Entomol. 2012;26:131-8 pubmed publisher
    ..to evaluate and develop safer fly control strategies, the present study reports on the effectiveness of catnip (Nepeta cataria L.) oil and its constituent compounds, nepetalactones, as stable fly repellents...
  3. Ali T, Javan M, Sonboli A, Semnanian S. Antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory activities of the essential oil of Nepeta crispa Willd. in experimental rat models. Nat Prod Res. 2012;26:1529-34 pubmed publisher
    This study was conducted to evaluate the antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory activities of the essential oil of Nepeta crispa...
  4. Akbay P, Calis I, Undeğer U, Basaran N, Basaran A. In vitro immunomodulatory activity of verbascoside from Nepeta ucrainica L. Phytother Res. 2002;16:593-5 pubmed
    b>Nepeta ucrainica L. is used as a herbal tea in Kazakhistan. Phytochemical investigations of the aerial parts of the plant resulted in the isolation of verbascoside (1) and 1,5,9-epi-deoxyloganic acid (2)...
  5. Gkinis G, Tzakou O, Iliopoulou D, Roussis V. Chemical composition and biological activity of Nepeta parnassica oils and isolated nepetalactones. Z Naturforsch C. 2003;58:681-6 pubmed
    Essential oils of Nepeta parnassica, collected at different developmental stages, were analyzed by means of GC/MS. From the fifty-five identified constituents in samples A and B, representing 94.8% and 98...
  6. Radulovic N, Blagojević P, Rabbitt K, Menezes F. Essential oil of Nepeta x faassenii Bergmans ex Stearn (N. mussinii Spreng. x N. nepetella L.): a comparison study. Nat Prod Commun. 2011;6:1015-22 pubmed
    Analysis (GC and GC/MS) of an essential oil sample obtained from dry leaves of Nepeta x faassenii Bergmans ex Steam, a hybrid species produced by crossbreeding N. mussinii Spreng. with N. nepetella L...
  7. Emami S, Asili J, Hossein Nia S, Yazdian Robati R, Sahranavard M, Tayarani Najaran Z. Growth Inhibition and Apoptosis Induction of Essential Oils and Extracts of Nepeta cataria L. on Human Prostatic and Breast Cancer Cell Lines. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2016;17:125-30 pubmed
    b>Nepeta cataria L. has been used in traditional medicine of some countries...
  8. Yildirim A, Karakaş F, Turker A. In vitro antibacterial and antitumor activities of some medicinal plant extracts, growing in Turkey. Asian Pac J Trop Med. 2013;6:616-24 pubmed publisher
    ..reptans) L., Phlomis pungens (P. pungens) Willd., Marrubium astracanicum (M. astracanicum) Jacq., Nepeta nuda (N. nuda) L., Stachys annua (S. annua) L., Genista lydia (G. lydia) Boiss., Nuphar lutea (N. lutea) L...
  9. Božović M, Garzoli S, Sabatino M, Pepi F, Baldisserotto A, Andreotti E, et al. Essential Oil Extraction, Chemical Analysis and Anti-Candida Activity of Calamintha nepeta (L.) Savi subsp. glandulosa (Req.) Ball-New Approaches. Molecules. 2017;22: pubmed publisher
    A comprehensive study on essential oils extracted from different Calamintha nepeta (L.) Savi subsp. glandulosa (Req.) Ball samples from Tarquinia (Italy) is reported...
  10. Kolouri S, Firoozabadi A, Salehi A, Zarshenas M, Dastgheib S, Heydari M, et al. Nepeta menthoides Boiss. & Buhse freeze-dried aqueous extract versus sertraline in the treatment of major depression: A double blind randomized controlled trial. Complement Ther Med. 2016;26:164-70 pubmed publisher
    ..To compare the efficacy of Nepeta menthoides Boiss. & Buhse freeze-dried aqueous extract with sertraline in the treatment of major depression...
  11. Fraga B, González Coloma A, Alegre Gómez S, López Rodríguez M, Amador L, Diaz C. Bioactive constituents from transformed root cultures of Nepeta teydea. Phytochemistry. 2017;133:59-68 pubmed publisher
    A phytochemical study of an extract from transformed root cultures of Nepeta teydea, induced by Agrobacterium rhizogenes, led to the isolation of the following new compounds: the sesquiterpene (-)-cinalbicol, the diterpene teydeadione (6,..
  12. Köksal E, Tohma H, Kılıç O, Alan Y, Aras A, Gulcin I, et al. Assessment of Antimicrobial and Antioxidant Activities of Nepeta trachonitica: Analysis of Its Phenolic Compounds Using HPLC-MS/MS. Sci Pharm. 2017;85: pubmed publisher
    ..on the sources of natural bioactive compounds, we evaluated the antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of Nepeta trachonitica as well as its major phenolic content using the high-performance liquid chromatography-mass ..
  13. Wang M, Cheng K, Wu Q, Simon J. Quantification of nepetalactones in catnip (Nepeta cataria L.) by HPLC coupled with ultraviolet and mass spectrometric detection. Phytochem Anal. 2007;18:157-60 pubmed
    Nepetalactones, the major chemical components of catnip (Nepeta cataria L.), were analysed by reversed-phase HPLC coupled with UV and MS detection...
  14. Hou Z, Tu Y, Li Y. New isopimarane diterpene and new cineole type glucoside from Nepeta prattii. Pharmazie. 2002;57:279-81 pubmed
    ..sixteen known compounds, a new isopimarane diterpene (prattol) and a new cineole type glucoside were isolated from Nepeta prattii...
  15. Sharifi Rad J, Mnayer D, Roointan A, Shahri F, Ayatollahi S, Molaee N, et al. Antibacterial activities of essential oils from Iranian medicinal plants on extended-spectrum ?-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli. Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand). 2016;62:75-82 pubmed
    ..Koch, Echinophora platyloba DC., Lallemantia royleana, Nepeta persica Boiss., Pulicaria vulgaris Gaertn., Salvia nemorosa, and Satureja intermedia C.A...
  16. Sparks J, Bohbot J, Ristić M, Misić D, Skoric M, Mattoo A, et al. Chemosensory Responses to the Repellent Nepeta Essential Oil and Its Major Component Nepetalactone by Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae), a Vector of Zika Virus. J Med Entomol. 2017;54:957-963 pubmed publisher
    b>Nepeta essential oil (Neo; catnip) and its major component, nepetalactone, have long been known to repel insects including mosquitoes...
  17. Mamadalieva N, Akramov D, Ovidi E, Tiezzi A, Nahar L, Azimova S, et al. Aromatic Medicinal Plants of the Lamiaceae Family from Uzbekistan: Ethnopharmacology, Essential Oils Composition, and Biological Activities. Medicines (Basel). 2017;4: pubmed publisher
    ..Various species of the genera Hyssopus, Leonurus, Mentha, Nepeta, Origanum, Perovskia, Phlomis, Salvia, Scutellaria, and Ziziphora ..
  18. Masoudi S, Rustaiyan A, Mohebat R, Mosslemin M. Composition of the essential oils and antibacterial activities of Hymenocrater yazdianus, Stachys obtusicrena and Nepeta asterotricha three Labiatae herbs growing wild in Iran. Nat Prod Commun. 2012;7:117-20 pubmed
    ..f., flowers of Stachys obtusicrena Boiss., and stems and flowers of Nepeta asterotricha Rech.f., which are endemic to Iran, were analyzed by GC and GC/MS...
  19. Feng A, Xiao X, Ye C, Xu X, Zhu Q, Yuan J, et al. Isolation and characterization of Burkholderia fungorum Gan-35 with the outstanding ammonia nitrogen-degrading ability from the tailings of rare-earth-element mines in southern Jiangxi, China. AMB Express. 2017;7:140 pubmed publisher
    ..Strain Gan-35 degraded 68.6% of ammonia nitrogen under the optimized conditions. Nepeta cataria grew obviously better in the ammonia nitrogen-polluted soil with strain Gan-35 than that without ..
  20. Rahmati B, Beik A. Prevention of morphine dependence and tolerance by Nepeta menthoides was accompanied by attenuation of Nitric oxide overproduction in male mice. J Ethnopharmacol. 2017;199:39-51 pubmed publisher
    Repeated administration of morphine for chronic pain leads to dependence and tolerance that limits clinical usage. Nepeta menthoides is commonly known as Iranian Ustukhuddoos and are administered in traditional medicine for gastrodynia, ..
  21. Koczor S, Szentkirályi F, Birkett M, Pickett J, Voigt E, Toth M. Attraction of Chrysoperla carnea complex and Chrysopa spp. lacewings (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae) to aphid sex pheromone components and a synthetic blend of floral compounds in Hungary. Pest Manag Sci. 2010;66:1374-9 pubmed publisher
    ..For the carnea complex, however, a combination of both baits is not advantageous because of the decrease in adults attracted. Assumptions of intraguild avoidance underlying this phenomenon are discussed. ..
  22. Malik R, Gupta R, Singh V, Bala S, Kumari S. New chromosome reports in Lamiaceae of Kashmir (Northwest Himalaya), India. Protoplasma. 2017;254:971-985 pubmed publisher
    ..Dracocephalum nutans (2n?=?10), Lycopus europaeus (2n?=?22), Marrubium vulgare (2n?=?54), Nepeta nervosa (2n?=?18) and Salvia sclarea (2n?=?22) are first time reported from India...
  23. Eom S, Yang H, Weston L. An evaluation of the allelopathic potential of selected perennial groundcovers: foliar volatiles of catmint (Nepeta x faassenii) inhibit seedling growth. J Chem Ecol. 2006;32:1835-48 pubmed
    Six perennial groundcovers including Alchemilla mollis, Nepeta x faassenii, Phlox subulata, Sedum acre, Solidago cutleri, and Thymus praecox were investigated for the allelopathic potential of their respective foliar tissues via ..
  24. Süntar I, Nabavi S, Barreca D, Fischer N, Efferth T. Pharmacological and chemical features of Nepeta L. genus: Its importance as a therapeutic agent. Phytother Res. 2017;: pubmed publisher
    ..The objective of this review is to present an updated overview of an important medicinal plant genus Nepeta L...
  25. Resende L, Pedretti Gomes K, Andriolo A, Genaro G, Remy G, Almeida Ramos V. Influence of cinnamon and catnip on the stereotypical pacing of oncilla cats (Leopardus tigrinus) in captivity. J Appl Anim Welf Sci. 2011;14:247-54 pubmed publisher
    ..69; p = .260). The results highlight the potential use of cinnamon as a method of environmental enrichment for small captive-housed cats...
  26. Al Taweel A, Raish M, Perveen S, Fawzy G, Ahmad A, Ansari M, et al. Nepeta deflersiana attenuates isoproterenol-induced myocardial injuries in rats: Possible involvement of oxidative stress, apoptosis, inflammation through nuclear factor (NF)-?B downregulation. Phytomedicine. 2017;34:67-75 pubmed publisher
    b>Nepeta deflersiana (Lamiaceae) is a perennial herb used in the Saudi and Yemeni folk medicine as an anti-inflammatory, carminative, and antirheumatic agent...
  27. Kahkeshani N, Hadjiakhoondi A, Navidpour L, Akbarzadeh T, Safavi M, Karimpour Razkenari E, et al. Chemodiversity of Nepeta menthoides Boiss. & Bohse. essential oil from Iran and antimicrobial, acetylcholinesterase inhibitory and cytotoxic properties of 1,8-cineole chemotype. Nat Prod Res. 2017;:1-4 pubmed publisher
    The essential oil of Nepeta menthoides Boiss. & Bohse., from Iran, was analysed by GC/MS...
  28. Bol S, Caspers J, Buckingham L, Anderson Shelton G, Ridgway C, Buffington C, et al. Responsiveness of cats (Felidae) to silver vine (Actinidia polygama), Tatarian honeysuckle (Lonicera tatarica), valerian (Valeriana officinalis) and catnip (Nepeta cataria). BMC Vet Res. 2017;13:70 pubmed publisher
    ..Silver vine powder from dried fruit galls and catnip were most popular among domestic cats. Silver vine and Tatarian honeysuckle appear to be good alternatives to catnip for domestic cats that do not respond to catnip. ..
  29. Sherden N, Lichman B, Caputi L, Zhao D, Kamileen M, Buell C, et al. Identification of iridoid synthases from Nepeta species: Iridoid cyclization does not determine nepetalactone stereochemistry. Phytochemistry. 2018;145:48-56 pubmed publisher
    Nepetalactones are iridoid monoterpenes with a broad range of biological activities produced by plants in the Nepeta genus. However, none of the genes for nepetalactone biosynthesis have been discovered...
  30. Hanlidou E, Karousou R, Lazari D. Essential oils of three taxa of the Nepeta argolica aggregate from Greece. Chem Biodivers. 2012;9:1559-66 pubmed publisher
    The essential-oil composition of three not previously studied taxa belonging to the Nepeta argolica aggregate was examined. The oils of N. argolica ssp. malacotrichos and N. argolica ssp...
  31. Cohen Y, Ben Naim Y, Falach L, Rubin A. Epidemiology of Basil Downy Mildew. Phytopathology. 2017;107:1149-1160 pubmed publisher
    ..P. belbahrii in Israel also attacks species belonging to Rosemarinus, Nepeta, Agastache, Micromeria, and Salvia but not Plectranthus (coleus)...
  32. Colombo R, Martinez A, Fernández di Pardo A, Fernández Bidondo L, Van Baren C, Di Leo Lira P, et al. Differential effects of two strains of Rhizophagus intraradices on dry biomass and essential oil yield and composition in Calamintha nepeta. Rev Argent Microbiol. 2013;45:114-8 pubmed
    ..intraradices (M3 and GA5) on the total biomass and essential oil (EO) yield and composition of Calamintha nepeta, with or without phosphorus (P) fertilization, under greenhouse conditions...
  33. Sonboli A, Gholipour A, Yousefzadi M, Mojarrad M. Antibacterial activity and composition of the essential oil of Nepeta menthoides from Iran. Nat Prod Commun. 2009;4:283-6 pubmed
    ..The antibacterial activity and chemical composition of the essential oil obtained from the aerial flowering parts of Nepeta menthoides were analyzed by GC and GC-MS. Twenty-nine compounds representing 97...
  34. Sonboli A, Salehi P, Yousefzadi M. Antimicrobial activity and chemical composition of the essential oil of Nepeta crispa Willd. from Iran. Z Naturforsch C. 2004;59:653-6 pubmed
    The composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oil of Nepeta crispa Willd., an endemic species from Iran, was studied. The oil was obtained from the aerial parts of the plant and analyzed by GC and GC/MS...
  35. Hussain J, Rehman N, Hussain H, Ali L, Al Harrasi A. Two new phthalate derivatives from Nepeta clarkei (Labiatae). J Asian Nat Prod Res. 2012;14:22-6 pubmed publisher
    ..and bis(2-ethyltridecyl)phthalate have been isolated from the chloroform-soluble portion of the whole plant of Nepeta clarkei along with one known compound ?-amyrin...
  36. Naguib A, Ebrahim M, Aly H, Metawaa H, Mahmoud A, Mahmoud E, et al. Phytochemical screening of Nepeta cataria extracts and their in vitro inhibitory effects on free radicals and carbohydrate-metabolising enzymes. Nat Prod Res. 2012;26:2196-8 pubmed publisher
    ..was performed to investigate in vitro the biological activities of successive as well as 70% ethanol extracts of Nepeta cataria on some biochemical parameters including oxidative markers and carbohydrate-hydrolysing enzyme activities (..
  37. Negro C, Notarnicola S, De Bellis L, Miceli A. Intraspecific variability of the essential oil of Calamintha nepeta subsp. nepeta from Southern Italy (Apulia). Nat Prod Res. 2013;27:331-9 pubmed publisher
    The essential oil of 46 spontaneous plants of Calamintha nepeta (L.) Savi subsp. nepeta growing wild in Sud, Italy (Salento, Apulia), were investigated by GC/MS...
  38. Espín Iturbe L, López Yañez B, Carrasco García A, Canseco Sedano R, Vázquez Hernández M, Coria Avila G. Active and passive responses to catnip (Nepeta cataria) are affected by age, sex and early gonadectomy in male and female cats. Behav Processes. 2017;142:110-115 pubmed publisher
    Catnip (Nepeta cataria) is a popular plant among cat owners because in about 60% of felids elicits active behaviors such as rolling over, grooming, motor activity and vocalizations...
  39. Bouidida E, Alaoui K, Cherrah Y, Fkih Tetouani S, Idrissi A. [Acute toxicity and analgesic activity of the global extracts of Nepeta atlantica Ball and Nepeta tuberosa L. ssp. reticulata (Desf.) Maire]. Therapie. 2006;61:447-52 pubmed
    The global extracts of Nepeta atlantica Ball and Nepeta tuberosa L. ssp. reticulata (Desf.) Maire are especially rich in secondary metabolites of the type iridoid lactonique and glucosidique and of type lupane triterpine...
  40. Bernier U, Furman K, Kline D, Allan S, Barnard D. Comparison of contact and spatial repellency of catnip oil and N,N-diethyl-3-methylbenzamide (deet) against mosquitoes. J Med Entomol. 2005;42:306-11 pubmed
    ..Catnip oil and deet were both weakly attractive to Ae. aegypti, catnip oil was the better spatial repellent, whereas deet was a more effective contact repellent in tests with all three species of mosquitoes...
  41. Ozel M, Gogus F, Hamilton J, Lewis A. Analysis of volatile components from Ziziphora taurica subsp. taurica by steam distillation, superheated-water extraction, and direct thermal desorption with GCxGC-TOFMS. Anal Bioanal Chem. 2005;382:115-9 pubmed
    ..The number of volatile components identified were 28, 30, and 41 for steam distillation, superheated-water extraction, and direct thermal desorption, respectively. ..
  42. Klimek B, Modnicki D. Terpenoids and sterols from Nepeta cataria L. var. citriodora (Lamiaceae). Acta Pol Pharm. 2005;62:231-5 pubmed
    Isolation and GC/MS quantitative determination of ursolic acid in the herb of Nepeta cataria var. citriodora have been performed. The content of this compound was in the range 0.95-1.30%...
  43. Kilic T. Analysis of essential oil composition of Thymbra spicata var. spicata: antifungal, antibacterial and antimycobacterial activities. Z Naturforsch C. 2006;61:324-8 pubmed
    ..aeruginosa, trans-caryophyllene showed activity only against C. albicans. The essential oil and carvacrol also showed strong antimycobacterial activity...
  44. Pavela R. Insecticidal activity of some essential oils against larvae of Spodoptera littoralis. Fitoterapia. 2005;76:691-6 pubmed
    ..littoralis larvae. Two essential oils Nepeta cataria and Thuja occidentalis were highly toxic, with LC50< or =10.0 ml/m3...
  45. Arthur F, Fontenot E, Campbell J. Evaluation of catmint oil and hydrogenated catmint oil as repellents for the flour beetles, Tribolium castaneum and Tribolium confusum. J Insect Sci. 2011;11:128 pubmed publisher
    ..Procedures for utilizing a video system are described as models for future evaluations of repellents for stored-product beetles...
  46. Zhao Y, Wang X, Wang Z, Lu Y, Fu C, Chen S. Essential oil of Actinidia macrosperma, a catnip response kiwi endemic to China. J Zhejiang Univ Sci B. 2006;7:708-12 pubmed
    ..To identify compounds that may be responsible for catnip response of Actinidia macrosperma, and compare chemical compositions in the wild and in vitro regenerated plants...
  47. Birkett M, Pickett J. Aphid sex pheromones: from discovery to commercial production. Phytochemistry. 2003;62:651-6 pubmed
    ..and (1R,4aS,7S,7aR)-nepetalactol (2). to commercial production from a renewable non-food crop, the catmint, Nepeta cataria (Lamiaceae)...
  48. Bisht D, Joshi S, Padalia R, Mathela C. Isoiridomyrmecin rich essential oil from Nepeta erecta Benth. and its antioxidant activity. Nat Prod Res. 2012;26:29-35 pubmed publisher
    The essential oil composition of the aerial parts of Nepeta erecta Benth. (Family: Lamiaceae) from Uttarakhand, India was analysed by capillary gas chromatography (GC) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS)...
  49. Rigano D, Arnold N, Conforti F, Menichini F, Formisano C, Piozzi F, et al. Characterisation of the essential oil of Nepeta glomerata Montbret et Aucher ex Bentham from Lebanon and its biological activities. Nat Prod Res. 2011;25:614-26 pubmed publisher
    The essential oil of Nepeta glomerata from Lebanon was studied by means of GC and GC/MS analysis; 70 compounds were identified...
  50. Baranauskiene R, Venskutonis R, Demyttenaere J. Sensory and instrumental evaluation of catnip (Nepeta cataria L.) aroma. J Agric Food Chem. 2003;51:3840-8 pubmed
    The present study investigates the composition of volatile constituents and sensory characteristics of catnip (Nepeta cataria L.) grown in Lithuania...
  51. Modnicki D, Tokar M, Klimek B. Flavonoids and phenolic acids of Nepeta cataria L. var. citriodora (Becker) Balb. (Lamiaceae). Acta Pol Pharm. 2007;64:247-52 pubmed
    ..7-O-glucuronide as well as free aglycones luteolin and apigenin have been isolated from lemon catnip herb (Nepeta cataria L. var citriodora)...
  52. Nestorović J, Misić D, Siler B, Sokovic M, Glamoclija J, Ciric A, et al. Nepetalactone content in shoot cultures of three endemic Nepeta species and the evaluation of their antimicrobial activity. Fitoterapia. 2010;81:621-6 pubmed publisher
    Rapid micropropagation of Nepeta rtanjensis, N. sibirica and N. nervosa was performed...
  53. Prescott T, Veitch N, Simmonds M. Direct inhibition of calcineurin by caffeoyl phenylethanoid glycosides from Teucrium chamaedrys and Nepeta cataria. J Ethnopharmacol. 2011;137:1306-10 pubmed publisher
    Teucrium chamaedrys L. and Nepeta cataria L. (Lamiaceae) are species with traditional uses that relate to the treatment of inflammation...
  54. Gkinis G, Michaelakis A, Koliopoulos G, Ioannou E, Tzakou O, Roussis V. Evaluation of the repellent effects of Nepeta parnassica extract, essential oil, and its major nepetalactone metabolite against mosquitoes. Parasitol Res. 2014;113:1127-34 pubmed publisher
    The dichloromethane-methanol extract, the essential oil obtained by hydrodistillation from Nepeta parnassica, and the isolated 4a?,7?,7a?-nepetalactone were evaluated for their repellent effect against the mosquitoes Aedes (Stegomyia) ..
  55. Gkinis G, Ioannou E, Quesada A, Vagias C, Tzakou O, Roussis V. Parnapimarol and nepetaparnone from Nepeta parnassica. J Nat Prod. 2008;71:926-8 pubmed publisher
    ..reported nepetalactone dimer, respectively, were isolated from the dichloromethane extract of the aerial parts of Nepeta parnassica, collected on Mt. Parnassos, Greece...
  56. Kilic T, Dirmenci T, Goren A. Fatty acid composition of seeds of some species of Nepeta L. Nat Prod Res. 2007;21:465-8 pubmed
    The fatty acid compositions of Nepeta viscida, N. cilicica, N. crinita, N. nuda ssp. glandulifera and N. aristata were analyzed by GC/MS. The main free fatty acids were found as linolenic acid (49.8-58.5%), linoleic acid (10.9-23...
  57. Ahmadi M, Moharramipour S, Mozdarani H, Negahban M. Combined effect of gamma radiation and Perovskia atriplicifolia for the control of red flour beetle, Tribolium castaneum. Commun Agric Appl Biol Sci. 2008;73:643-50 pubmed
    ..5, 13.0 and 16.0 times respectively. This combination of irradiation would have a low environmental impact and high compatibility with P. atriplicifolia...
  58. Yilmaz A, Caglar P, Dirmenci T, Goren N, Topcu G. A novel isopimarane diterpenoid with acetylcholinesterase inhibitory activity from Nepeta sorgerae, an endemic species to the Nemrut Mountain. Nat Prod Commun. 2012;7:693-6 pubmed
    From the dichloromethane extract of Nepeta sorgerae, the isolation and structure elucidation are now reported of a new isopimarane diterpenoid, named sorgerolone, and two known triterpenoids, oleanolic acid and ursolic acid...
  59. Salehi P, Sonboli A, Khaligh P, Mirzajani F. Essential oil composition and antioxidant activity of different extracts of Nepeta betonicifolia C.A. Meyer and Nepeta saccharata Bunge. Nat Prod Res. 2012;26:736-43 pubmed publisher
    Aerial parts essential oil of Nepeta betonicifolia and N. saccharata were obtained by hydrodistillation and analysed by GC-FID and GC-MS. Thirty-three and eighteen components represented 97.9% and 98...
  60. Sarahroodi S, Jafari Najafi R, Nasri S, Rohampour K, Maleki Jamshid A, Esmaeili S. Effects of Nepeta menthoides aqueous extract on retention and retrieval of memory in mice. Pak J Biol Sci. 2012;15:1085-9 pubmed
    ..The aim of this study was evaluation of Nepeta menthoides aqueous extract on memory retention and retrieval of mice by using passive avoidance apparatus...
  61. Gkinis G, Bozin B, Mimica Dukic N, Tzakou O. Antioxidant activity of Nepeta nuda L. ssp. nuda essential oil rich in nepetalactones from Greece. J Med Food. 2010;13:1176-81 pubmed publisher
    Essential oils from air-dried leaves and verticillasters of Nepeta nuda ssp. nuda from Greece were analyzed by means of gas chromatography-flame ionization detection and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry...
  62. Hussain J, Bukhari N, Hussain H, Rehman N, Hussain S. Chemical constituents of Nepeta distans. Nat Prod Commun. 2010;5:1785-6 pubmed
    Phytochemical investigation of Nepeta distans Raul resulted in the isolation of a new phenolic compound, nepatanol (1), and eight known compounds, markhamioside F, netidiol, nepedinol, thymoquinone, eugenol, oleanolic acid, ursolic acid, ..
  63. Khan M, Jones I, Loza Reyes E, Cameron M, Pickett J, Birkett M. Interference in foraging behaviour of European and American house dust mites Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus and Dermatophagoides farinae (Acari: Pyroglyphidae) by catmint, Nepeta cataria (Lamiaceae). Exp Appl Acarol. 2012;57:65-74 pubmed publisher
    ..we used this assay to investigate, for the first time, the ability of the essential oil of the catmint plant, Nepeta cataria (Lamiaceae), known to repel other ectoparasites affecting human and animal health, to interfere with the ..
  64. Smitherman L, Janisse J, Mathur A. The use of folk remedies among children in an urban black community: remedies for fever, colic, and teething. Pediatrics. 2005;115:e297-304 pubmed
    ..Folk remedies have been and still are relied on in the black community. In this study, folk remedies refer to herbs, over-the-counter medications, and items traditionally used for cooking that are used to treat a variety of ailments...
  65. Webb C, Russell R. Is the extract from the plant catmint (Nepeta cataria) repellent to mosquitoes in Australia?. J Am Mosq Control Assoc. 2007;23:351-4 pubmed
    The repellency of Nepeta cataria (catmint or catnip) was tested against Aedes aegypti, Ae. vigilax, Culex annulirostris, and Cx...
  66. Manukyan A. Effects of PAR and UV-B radiation on herbal yield, bioactive compounds and their antioxidant capacity of some medicinal plants under controlled environmental conditions. Photochem Photobiol. 2013;89:406-14 pubmed publisher
    ..content and composition, as well as antioxidant capacity of essential oils and polyphenols of lemon catmint (Nepeta cataria L. f. citriodora), lemon balm (Melissa officinalis L.) and sage (Salvia officinalis L...
  67. Tundis R, Nadjafi F, Menichini F. Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitory activity and antioxidant properties of Nepeta crassifolia Boiss & Buhse and Nepeta binaludensis Jamzad. Phytother Res. 2013;27:572-80 pubmed publisher
    This article reports phytochemical and biological studies on Nepeta binaludensis and Nepeta crassifolia...
  68. Liblikas I, Santangelo E, Sandell J, Baeckström P, Svensson M, Jacobsson U, et al. Simplified isolation procedure and interconversion of the diastereomers of nepetalactone and nepetalactol. J Nat Prod. 2005;68:886-90 pubmed
    Three nepetalactones were isolated from Nepeta racemosa (mussinii) by traditional methods. An improved method was developed to isolate nepetalactones from N. faassénii...
  69. Chauhan K, Aldrich J, McCardle P, White G, Webb R. A field bioassay to evaluate potential spatial repellents against natural mosquito populations. J Am Mosq Control Assoc. 2012;28:301-6 pubmed
    ..Despite these sources of variation, significant repellent responses were obtained for catnip oil, E,Z-dihydronepetalactone, and DEET...
  70. Kekec G, Mutlu S, Alpsoy L, Sakcali M, Atici O. Genotoxic effects of catmint (Nepeta meyeri Benth.) essential oils on some weed and crop plants. Toxicol Ind Health. 2013;29:504-13 pubmed publisher
    This study investigates the genotoxicity of the essential oils extracted from the aerial parts of catmint (Nepeta meyeri Benth.) against two weeds (Bromus danthoniae and Lactuca serriola) and two crop plants (Brassica napus and Zea mays)...
  71. Roh C, Jung U. Nepeta japonica Maximowicz extract from natural products inhibits lipid accumulation. J Sci Food Agric. 2012;92:2195-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of this study was to screen crude anti-obesity drugs from 400 natural products on lipase inhibition activity in vitro...
  72. Miceli N, Taviano M, Giuffrida D, Trovato A, Tzakou O, Galati E. Anti-inflammatory activity of extract and fractions from Nepeta sibthorpii Bentham. J Ethnopharmacol. 2005;97:261-6 pubmed
    Several species of Nepeta genus are utilized in folk medicine for treatment of contusions, rheumatic pains, fever, cutaneous eruptions. Some species are employed for their anti-inflammatory properties...
  73. Hussain J, Khan F, Ur Rehman N, Ullah R, Mohmmad Z, Tasleem S, et al. One new triterpene ester from Nepeta suavis. J Asian Nat Prod Res. 2009;11:997-1000 pubmed publisher
    ..One new tetracyclic triterpene ester (1) has been isolated from the chloroform-soluble portion of the whole plant of Nepeta suavis along with two known compounds, namely artemetin (2) and jaceidin (3)...
  74. Zhu J, Zeng X, Yanma -, Liu T, Qian K, Han Y, et al. Adult repellency and larvicidal activity of five plant essential oils against mosquitoes. J Am Mosq Control Assoc. 2006;22:515-22 pubmed
    ..Thyme oil had the highest effectiveness in repelling this species, but the repellency duration was only 2 h. The applications using these natural product essential oils in mosquito control are discussed...
  75. Taviano M, Miceli N, Monforte M, Tzakou O, Galati E. Ursolic acid plays a role in Nepeta sibthorpii Bentham CNS depressing effects. Phytother Res. 2007;21:382-5 pubmed
    The sedative, anticonvulsant and analgesic activity of ursolic acid, a terpenoid bioassay-isolated from Nepeta sibthorpii Bentham, was evaluated in mice. The oral administration of ursolic acid (2...
  76. Zhu J, Li A, Pritchard S, Tangtrakulwanich K, Baxendale F, Brewer G. Contact and fumigant toxicity of a botanical-based feeding deterrent of the stable fly, Stomoxys calcitrans (Diptera: Muscidae). J Agric Food Chem. 2011;59:10394-400 pubmed publisher
    ..This study demonstrated that catnip oil has both contact and fumigant toxicity against the stable fly and thus has the potential as an alternative for stable fly control...
  77. Bernardi M, Kirsten T, Lago J, Giovani T, Massoco C. Nepeta cataria L. var. citriodora (Becker) increases penile erection in rats. J Ethnopharmacol. 2011;137:1318-22 pubmed publisher
    b>Nepeta cataria (NC), catnip, induces pleasure in cats and humans.
  78. Bouidida E, Alaoui K, Cherrah Y, Chammache M, Il Idrissi A. [Analgesic activity of different nonvolatile extracts of Nepeta atlantica Ball and Nepeta Tuberosa L. ssp. reticulata (Desf.) Maire]. Therapie. 2008;63:333-8 pubmed publisher
    Different extracts of Nepeta atlantica Ball and Nepeta tuberosa L. ssp. reticulata (Desf.) Maire contain mainly secondary metabolites with iridoïd lactonic and glucosidic type, also with triterpine lupan type...
  79. Heuskin S, Godin B, Leroy P, Capella Q, Wathelet J, Verheggen F, et al. Fast gas chromatography characterisation of purified semiochemicals from essential oils of Matricaria chamomilla L. (Asteraceae) and Nepeta cataria L. (Lamiaceae). J Chromatogr A. 2009;1216:2768-75 pubmed publisher
    The chemical composition of Matricaria chamomilla L. and Nepeta cataria L...
  80. Hussain J, Jamila N, Khan F, Devkota K, Shah M, Anwar S. Nepetanal and nepetanoate: a new diterpene aldehyde and a benzene derivative ester from Nepeta juncea. Magn Reson Chem. 2009;47:625-7 pubmed publisher
    ..diterpene aldehyde nepetanal (1) and one new benzene derivative nepetanoate (2) have been isolated from a plant Nepeta juncea together with two known compounds oleanolic acid (3) and ursolic acid (4)...
  81. Formisano C, Rigano D, Arnold N, Piozzi F, Senatore F. GC and GC-MS analysis of the essential oil of Nepeta cilicica Boiss. ex Benth. from Lebanon. Nat Prod Res. 2013;27:1975-81 pubmed publisher
    The hydrodistillation of the aerial parts of Nepeta cilicica Boiss. ex Benth., collected in Lebanon in the Horsh Ehden reserve, yielded 0.13% (w/w) of essential oil...
  82. Daryasari A, Soleimani M, Ghorbani A, Kheiri H, Daryasarie M. Microwave-assisted isolation of essential oils from Nepeta crispa and N. racemosa and comparisons with the conventional method. Nat Prod Commun. 2012;7:1511-4 pubmed
    ..method of hydrodistillation for the extraction of the essential oils from two Iranian Lamiaceae species: Nepeta crispa Willd and N. racemosa Lam...
  83. Bozari S, Agar G, Aksakal O, Erturk F, Yanmis D. Determination of chemical composition and genotoxic effects of essential oil obtained from Nepeta nuda on Zea mays seedlings. Toxicol Ind Health. 2013;29:339-48 pubmed publisher
    We aimed to determine the genotoxic potential of essential oil (EO) obtained from Nepeta nuda. The chemical content of EO was measured via gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. The most abundant contents were 4a?,7?,7a?-nepetalactone (18...
  84. Hussain J, Ur Rehman N, Hussain H, Al Harrasi A, Ali L, Rizvi T, et al. Analgesic, anti-inflammatory, and CNS depressant activities of new constituents of Nepeta clarkei. Fitoterapia. 2012;83:593-8 pubmed publisher
    ..acid (1) and kurramanoic acid (2) have been isolated from the chloroform-soluble portion of the whole plant of Nepeta clarkei Hook...
  85. Iscan G, Köse Y, Demirci B, Baser K. Anticandidal activity of the essential oil of Nepeta transcaucasica Grossh. Chem Biodivers. 2011;8:2144-8 pubmed publisher
    Hydrodistallation of the aerial parts of Nepeta transcaucasica Grossh. (Lamiaceae), collected in A?r?, Do?ubayaz?t Province, afforded an essential oil that was characterized by GC and GC/MS analyses...
  86. Dua V, Verma G, Agarwal D, Kaiser M, Brun R. Antiprotozoal activities of traditional medicinal plants from the Garhwal region of North West Himalaya, India. J Ethnopharmacol. 2011;136:123-8 pubmed publisher
  87. Peterson C, Ems Wilson J. Catnip essential oil as a barrier to subterranean termites (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae) in the laboratory. J Econ Entomol. 2003;96:1275-82 pubmed
    The essential oil of catnip, Nepeta cataria (Lamiacae) was evaluated for behavioral effects on two populations of subterranean termite, Reticulitermes flavipes (Kollar) and R. virginicus (Banks) (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae)...
  88. Mitrofanova I, Zilbervarg I, Yemets A, Mitrofanova O, Blume Y. The effect of dinitroaniline and phosphorothioamidate herbicides on polyploidisation in vitro of Nepeta plants. Cell Biol Int. 2003;27:229-31 pubmed
  89. Kalpoutzakis E, Aligiannis N, Mentis A, Mitaku S, Charvala C. Composition of the essential oil of two Nepeta species and in vitro evaluation of their activity against Helicobacter pylori. Planta Med. 2001;67:880-3 pubmed
    The chemical composition of the essential oils obtained from the aerial parts of Nepeta camphorata and Nepeta argolica ssp. dirphya were analysed by GC-MS...