liquidambar

Summary

Summary: A plant genus of the family HAMAMELIDACEAE. The sap is a source of storax, which should not be confused with the similar named STYRAX genus.

Top Publications

  1. Ohno O, Ye M, Koyama T, Yazawa K, Mura E, Matsumoto H, et al. Inhibitory effects of benzyl benzoate and its derivatives on angiotensin II-induced hypertension. Bioorg Med Chem. 2008;16:7843-52 pubmed publisher
    ..From among 435 plant samples, we found that EtOH extract from the resin of sweet gum Liquidambar styraciflua strongly inhibited Ang II signaling...
  2. Tissue D, Lewis J, Wullschleger S, Amthor J, Griffin K, Anderson O. Leaf respiration at different canopy positions in sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua) grown in ambient and elevated concentrations of carbon dioxide in the field. Tree Physiol. 2002;22:1157-66 pubmed
    ..The causes of this variable response are unresolved. We grew 12-year-old sweetgum trees (Liquidambar styraciflua L...
  3. Chen J, Wang W, Liu T, Wu F, Zheng H. Photosynthetic and antioxidant responses of Liquidambar formosana and Schima superba seedlings to sulfuric-rich and nitric-rich simulated acid rain. Plant Physiol Biochem. 2013;64:41-51 pubmed publisher
    To study whether differential responses occur in photosynthesis and antioxidant system for seedlings of Liquidambar formosana, an acid rain (AR)-sensitive tree species and Schima superba, an AR-tolerant tree species treated with three ..
  4. Wu W, Zhou R, Huang Y, Boufford D, Shi S. Molecular evidence for natural intergeneric hybridization between Liquidambar and Altingia. J Plant Res. 2010;123:231-9 pubmed publisher
    ..has been proposed based on morphological intermediacy and sympatric distribution with Altingia and Liquidambar. This hypothesis, however, has lacked convincing molecular evidence...
  5. Morris A, Ickert Bond S, Brunson D, Soltis D, Soltis P. Phylogeographical structure and temporal complexity in American sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua; Altingiaceae). Mol Ecol. 2008;17:3889-900 pubmed publisher
    ..We addressed these issues by surveying 117 individuals from 24 populations of Liquidambar styraciflua (American sweetgum; Altingiaceae) across the southeastern USA, eastern Mexico, and Guatemala, using ..
  6. Kim J, Seo S, Lee S, Shin S, Park I. Nematicidal activity of plant essential oils and components from coriander (Coriandrum sativum), Oriental sweetgum (Liquidambar orientalis), and valerian (Valeriana wallichii) essential oils against pine wood nematode (Bursaphelenchus xylophilus). J Agric Food Chem. 2008;56:7316-20 pubmed publisher
    ..xylophilus was achieved with essential oils of coriander (Coriandrum sativum), Oriental sweetgum (Liquidambar orientalis), and valerian (Valeriana wallichii)...
  7. Dat N, Lee I, Cai X, Shen G, Kim Y. Oleanane triterpenoids with inhibitory activity against NFAT transcription factor from Liquidambar formosana. Biol Pharm Bull. 2004;27:426-8 pubmed
    ..products against NFAT transcription factor, this study investigated the ethyl acetate extract of the fruits of Liquidambar formosana...
  8. Charehsaz M, Reis R, Helvacioglu S, Sipahi H, Guzelmeric E, Acar E, et al. Safety evaluation of styrax liquidus from the viewpoint of genotoxicity and mutagenicity. J Ethnopharmacol. 2016;194:506-512 pubmed publisher
    Styrax liquidus is a resinous exudate (balsam) obtained from the wounded trunk of the Liquidambar orientalis Mill. (Hamamelidaceae)...
  9. Tzeng H, Wang W, Tseng Y, Chiu C, Kuo C, Tsai S. Tree mortality in response to typhoon-induced floods and mudslides is determined by tree species, size, and position in a riparian Formosan gum forest in subtropical Taiwan. PLoS ONE. 2018;13:e0190832 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Liquidambar formosana displayed the highest flood tolerance, and the trunks of Lagerstoemia subcostata began rooting after ..

More Information

Publications81

  1. Luo Z, Guan H, Zhang X, Liu N. Photosynthetic capacity of senescent leaves for a subtropical broadleaf deciduous tree species Liquidambar formosana Hance. Sci Rep. 2017;7:6323 pubmed publisher
    ..this study, we investigated leaf phenology and photosynthesis of a subtropical broadleaf deciduous tree species Liquidambar formosana Hance in the central southern continental China. The results show that L...
  2. Ghezehei S, Shifflett S, Hazel D, Nichols E. SRWC bioenergy productivity and economic feasibility on marginal lands. J Environ Manage. 2015;160:57-66 pubmed publisher
    ..and coppiced P. occidentalis stands had higher MAIs (10.6-21.3 Mg ha(-1) yr(-1)) than irrigated Liquidambar styraciflua L. and non-coppiced, irrigated P. occidentalis (8-18 Mg ha(-1) yr(-1))...
  3. Cocoletzi E, Angeles G, Ceccantini G, Patrón A, Ornelas J. Bidirectional anatomical effects in a mistletoe-host relationship: Psittacanthus schiedeanus mistletoe and its hosts Liquidambar styraciflua and Quercus germana. Am J Bot. 2016;103:986-97 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, the functional interactions between the hemiparasitic mistletoe Psittacanthus schiedeanus and its hosts Liquidambar styraciflua and Quercus germana were interpreted based on the anatomical features of the vascular tissues...
  4. Hu W, Wu Q, Liu X, Shen Z, Liu T, Chen J, et al. Comparative Proteomic Analysis Reveals the Effects of Exogenous Calcium against Acid Rain Stress in Liquidambar formosana Hance Leaves. J Proteome Res. 2016;15:216-28 pubmed publisher
    ..In the present study, the protective role of exogenous Ca in alleviating AR stress in Liquidambar formosana Hance at the physiological and proteomic levels was examined...
  5. Feng Y, Liu S, Liu G, Yao J. Facile and fast removal of oil through porous carbon spheres derived from the fruit of Liquidambar formosana. Chemosphere. 2017;170:68-74 pubmed publisher
    Porous carbon spheres with a diameter of 1-2 cm were prepared via a simple carbonization of the fruit of Liquidambar formosana...
  6. Coulston J, Smith G, Smith W. Regional assessment of ozone sensitive tree species using bioindicator plants. Environ Monit Assess. 2003;83:113-27 pubmed
    ..Approximately 24% of sampled sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua), 15% of sampled loblolly pine (Pinus taeda), and 12% of sampled black cherry (Prunus serotina) ..
  7. Zhang W, Sathitsuksanoh N, Barone J, Renneckar S. Enhanced enzymatic saccharification of pretreated biomass using glycerol thermal processing (GTP). Bioresour Technol. 2016;199:148-154 pubmed publisher
    ..impact of this method, named glycerol thermal processing (GTP), on saccharification efficiency of the hardwood Liquidambar styraciflua, and a control cellulose sample was studied as a function of treatment severity...
  8. Altop A, Erener G, Duru M, Isik K. Effects of essential oils from Liquidambar orientalis Mill. leaves on growth performance, carcass and some organ traits, some blood metabolites and intestinal microbiota in broilers. Br Poult Sci. 2017;: pubmed publisher
    ..1. This study was carried out to investigate the effects of essential oils (LEO) isolated from Turkish sweet gum (Liquidambar orientalis Mill...
  9. Chang S, Robison D. Genotypic effects of fertilization on seedling sweetgum biomass allocation, N uptake, and N use efficiency. ScientificWorldJournal. 2001;1 Suppl 2:407-14 pubmed
    ..A pot experiment was conducted to test the hypotheses that (1) sweetgum ( Liquidambar styraciflua L...
  10. Zhou M, Zhu J, Kang L. [Progress on chemical components and anti-cerebral injury effects of storax]. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2013;38:3825-8 pubmed
    ..And the anti-cerebral ischemia, anti-convulsion, and anti-memory defect effects of storax and its compound preparation were discussed. At last, authors have tried to propose a number of recommendations for the future research. ..
  11. Stanhope A, Berry C, Brigmon R. Phytoremediation of chlorinated ethenes in seepline sediments: tree selection. Int J Phytoremediation. 2008;10:529-46 pubmed publisher
    ..Cis-dichloroethylene (cDCE), a byproduct from rhizosphere microbial activity, was detected in the soils as well as some tree tissues. All trees tested were found to uptake both PCE and TCE (5-50 pbb/gm dry wt). ..
  12. Li P, Zhang Y, Xiao L, Jin X. [Determination of cinnamic acid in rat plasma after oral administration of subing orally disintegrating tablets and study of its pharmacokinetics behavior]. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2007;32:2528-30 pubmed
    ..0%. The method was sensitive, specific, accurate and precise, which was used to study the pharmacokinetic profile of cinnamic acid in rat plasma after oral administration of the Subing orally disintegrating tablets. ..
  13. Tedore C, Johnsen S. Disentangling the visual cues used by a jumping spider to locate its microhabitat. J Exp Biol. 2016;219:2396-401 pubmed publisher
    ..Spiders did not prefer the star-like leaf shape of their summer host plant, Liquidambar styraciflua, to a green circle of the same area. When given a choice between a L...
  14. Shimozu Y, Kuroda T, Tsuchiya T, Hatano T. Structures and Antibacterial Properties of Isorugosins H-J, Oligomeric Ellagitannins from Liquidambar formosana with Characteristic Bridging Groups between Sugar Moieties. J Nat Prod. 2017;80:2723-2733 pubmed publisher
    ..with 11 known hydrolyzable tannins were isolated from an aqueous acetone extract of the fresh leaves of Liquidambar formosana...
  15. Hua K, Yang T, Chiu H, Ho C. Essential oil from leaves of Liquidambar formosana ameliorates inflammatory response in lipopolysaccharide-activated mouse macrophages. Nat Prod Commun. 2014;9:869-72 pubmed
    The essential oil from Liquidambar formosana leaves (EOLF) was demonstrated to exhibit anti-inflammatory activity in mouse macrophages...
  16. Wang H, Srinivasan R, Yu F, Steele P, Li Q, Mitchell B, et al. Effect of acid, steam explosion, and size reduction pretreatments on bio-oil production from sweetgum, switchgrass, and corn stover. Appl Biochem Biotechnol. 2012;167:285-97 pubmed publisher
    ..Bio-oil yields of 56, 46, and 51 wt% were obtained from 1% H(2)SO(4)-treated medium-sized sweetgum, switchgrass, and corn stover, respectively, which were higher than the yields from untreated and steam explosion treatments. ..
  17. Zhang Q, Zhang Y, Sun Y, Zhang D. [Qualitative and quantitative methods of betulonic acid in fruits of Liquidambar formosana]. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2005;30:1168-70 pubmed
    To develop the identification and assay methods for betulonic acid in fruits of Liquidambar formosana...
  18. Allen C, Will R, McGarvey R, Coyle D, Coleman M. Radiation-use efficiency and gas exchange responses to water and nutrient availability in irrigated and fertilized stands of sweetgum and sycamore. Tree Physiol. 2005;25:191-200 pubmed
    ..midday leaf water potential, Psileaf) during the second (2001) and third (2002) growing seasons in sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua L.) and sycamore (Platanus occidentalis L...
  19. Mortazavi B, Conte M, Chanton J, Smith M, Weber J, Crumsey J, et al. Does the (13)C of foliage-respired CO(2) and biochemical pools reflect the (13)C of recently assimilated carbon?. Plant Cell Environ. 2009;32:1310-23 pubmed publisher
    ..4 d. The (13)C of foliage respiration and biochemical pools reflect temporally integrated values of deltaC(A), with change in isotopic composition dampened by the size of metabolic carbon reserves and turnover rates...
  20. Fukuda Y, Sakai K, Matsunaga S, Tokuda H, Tanaka R. Cancer chemopreventive activity of lupane- and oleanane-type triterpenoids from the cones of Liquidamber styraciflua. Chem Biodivers. 2005;2:421-8 pubmed
    ..25-Acetoxy-3alpha-hydroxyolean-12-en-28-oic acid (1) and 3beta,25-epoxy-3alpha-hydroxylup-20(29)-en-28-oic acid (2) showed moderate inhibitory activities...
  21. Sun H, Fang W, Hu C. An efficient semi-synthesis and structure revision of a cytotoxic triterpenoid 25-acetoxy-3alpha-hydroxyolean-12-en-28-oic acid from Liquidamber styraciflua. J Asian Nat Prod Res. 2008;10:297-305 pubmed publisher
  22. Zhong R, Yuan H, Fu H, Zhou G, Wu X, Zhang C, et al. Three new compounds from the leaves of Liquidambar formosana. J Asian Nat Prod Res. 2013;15:1249-55 pubmed publisher
    ..7S,8S)-3-methoxyl-3'-O-?-D-glucopyrannosyl-4':8,5':7-diepoxyneolignan-4,9'-diol, were isolated from the leaves of Liquidambar formosana Hance. Their structures were elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic data and chemical evidence.
  23. Yu J, Liu S, Xuan L. Two new lupene-type triterpenoids from the roots of Liquidambar formosana. Nat Prod Res. 2012;26:630-6 pubmed publisher
    ..acid ?-glucopyranosyl ester (2), along with 18 known compounds, were isolated from Liquidambar formosana...
  24. Yang N, Chen J, Zhou G, Tang Y, Duan J, Tian L, et al. Pentacyclic triterpenes from the resin of Liquidambar formosana. Fitoterapia. 2011;82:927-31 pubmed publisher
    ..The results showed that 3-keto oleane triterpenes had strong cytotoxicity against MDA-MB-435S cancer cells and that 28-carboxyl oleane triterpenes possessed significant inhibition of platelet aggregation induced by ADP...
  25. Garten C, Iversen C, Norby R. Litterfall 15N abundance indicates declining soil nitrogen availability in a free-air CO2 enrichment experiment. Ecology. 2011;92:133-9 pubmed
    ..In a free-air CO2 enrichment (FACE) experiment, the response of sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua L...
  26. Warren J, Norby R, Wullschleger S. Elevated CO? enhances leaf senescence during extreme drought in a temperate forest. Tree Physiol. 2011;31:117-30 pubmed publisher
    ..an extreme drought and acute heat wave impacted ecosystems across the southeastern USA, including a 19-year-old Liquidambar styraciflua L...
  27. Dillaway D, Kruger E. Leaf respiratory acclimation to climate: comparisons among boreal and temperate tree species along a latitudinal transect. Tree Physiol. 2011;31:1114-27 pubmed publisher
    ..Marsh var. deltoides) and sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua L.)...
  28. Norby R, Iversen C. Nitrogen uptake, distribution, turnover, and efficiency of use in a CO2-enriched sweetgum forest. Ecology. 2006;87:5-14 pubmed
    ..Here, we present a six-year record of N dynamics of a sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua) stand exposed to elevated [CO2] in the free-air CO2 enrichment (FACE) experiment at Oak Ridge, ..
  29. Huang C, Jeuck B, Du J, Yong Q, Chang H, Jameel H, et al. Novel process for the coproduction of xylo-oligosaccharides, fermentable sugars, and lignosulfonates from hardwood. Bioresour Technol. 2016;219:600-607 pubmed publisher
    ..0g lignosulfonates. The results indicate that this novel biorefinery process can improve the production of fermentable sugars and lignosulfonate from hardwood as compared to a conventional biorefinery process. ..
  30. McElrone A, Hamilton J, Krafnick A, Aldea M, Knepp R, DeLucia E. Combined effects of elevated CO2 and natural climatic variation on leaf spot diseases of redbud and sweetgum trees. Environ Pollut. 2010;158:108-14 pubmed publisher
    ..In years with above average temperatures, disease incidence for Liquidambar styraciflua was decreased significantly...
  31. Shen T, Tseng C, Guan L, Hwang S. Performance of Lymantria xylina (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae) on artificial and host plant diets. J Econ Entomol. 2006;99:714-21 pubmed
    ..In this study, eight artificial diets, modified from different formulas, and one host plant, Liquidambar formosana Hance, were used to feed L. xylina caterpillars...
  32. Shang H, Li D, Wang W, Li Z, Hua H. Three new diterpenoids from the resin of Liquidambar formosana. Nat Prod Res. 2014;28:1-6 pubmed publisher
    ..A (1) and liquiditerpenoic acids A (2) and B (3), together with 10 known diterpenes were isolated from the resin of Liquidambar formosana Hance, whose structures were elucidated by detailed analysis on the NMR and HR-ESI-MS spectra.
  33. McGuire M, Teskey R. Estimating stem respiration in trees by a mass balance approach that accounts for internal and external fluxes of CO2. Tree Physiol. 2004;24:571-8 pubmed
    ..Our calculations showed errors in efflux-based estimates of respiration of up to 76% compared with estimates that include both internal and external fluxes...
  34. Letcher P, Powell M, Viusent M. Rediscovery of an unusual chytridiaceous fungus new to the order Rhizophydiales. Mycologia. 2008;100:325-34 pubmed
    ..A new genus is erected for this chytrid, the first to be brought into pure culture from this region...
  35. El Readi M, Eid H, Ashour M, Eid S, Labib R, Sporer F, et al. Variations of the chemical composition and bioactivity of essential oils from leaves and stems of Liquidambar styraciflua (Altingiaceae). J Pharm Pharmacol. 2013;65:1653-63 pubmed publisher
    This study aimed to evaluate the variations of the chemical composition and bioactivity of essential oils of Liquidambar styraciflua?L. (Altingiaceae) collected in different seasons.
  36. Wang C, Li J, Yang Y. [Effects of eutrophic nitrogen nutrition on carbon balance capacity of Liquidambar formosana seedlings under low light]. Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao. 2011;22:3117-22 pubmed
    To investigate the effects of atmospheric nitrogen deposition on the seedlings regeneration of Liquidambar formosana, a greenhouse experiment was conducted, in which, the low light- and nitrogen supplies were controlled similar to those ..
  37. Ocsel H, Teke Z, Sacar M, Kabay B, Duzcan S, Kara I. Effects of oriental sweet gum storax on porcine wound healing. J Invest Surg. 2012;25:262-70 pubmed publisher
    The objective of the present study was to assess the effects of oriental sweet gum (Liquidambar orientalis Mill.) storax on partial-thickness and full-thickness wounds compared to conventional wound dressings in a porcine model.
  38. Li M, Tu M, Cao D, Bass P, Adhikari S. Distinct roles of residual xylan and lignin in limiting enzymatic hydrolysis of organosolv pretreated loblolly pine and sweetgum. J Agric Food Chem. 2013;61:646-54 pubmed publisher
    ..6%) resulted in lower final hydrolysis yield of glucan (76.4%). In addition, we observed in the simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) that ethyl xyloside was produced by the enzymatic catalysis of xylose/xylan and ethanol...
  39. Lynch D, Matamala R, Iversen C, Norby R, Gonzalez Meler M. Stored carbon partly fuels fine-root respiration but is not used for production of new fine roots. New Phytol. 2013;199:420-30 pubmed publisher
    ..We followed the relaxation of a (13)C tracer in fine roots in a Liquidambar styraciflua plantation at the conclusion of a free-air CO(2) enrichment experiment...
  40. Garten C, Brice D. Belowground fate of (15)N injected into sweetgum trees (Liquidambar styraciflua) at the ORNL FACE Experiment. Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom. 2009;23:3094-100 pubmed publisher
  41. Turgeon R, Medville R. Phloem loading. A reevaluation of the relationship between plasmodesmatal frequencies and loading strategies. Plant Physiol. 2004;136:3795-803 pubmed
    ..Clethra barbinervis and Liquidambar styraciflua transport Suc, while Catalpa speciosa transports RFOs...
  42. Susaeta A, Soto J, Adams D, Hulcr J. Expected Timber-Based Economic Impacts of a Wood-Boring Beetle (Acanthotomicus Sp.) That Kills American Sweetgum. J Econ Entomol. 2017;110:1942-1945 pubmed publisher
    American sweetgum trees (Liquidambar styraciflua L. [Altingiaceae]) in China are being killed by a newly discovered wood-boring beetle "sweetgum inscriber" (Acanthotomicus sp.)...
  43. Naumburg E, Ellsworth D. Short-term light and leaf photosynthetic dynamics affect estimates of daily understory photosynthesis in four tree species. Tree Physiol. 2002;22:393-401 pubmed
  44. Wang Y, Wei X. [Determination of dehydroabietic acid and abietic acid in aqueous alkali extract of Liquidambaris Resina by HPLC]. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2013;38:57-9 pubmed
    ..To develop an HPLC method for content determination of dehydroabietic acid and abietic acid in aqueous alkali extract of Liquidambaris Resina...
  45. Gu J, Ding G, Chen N, Zhang Z. Development and validation of a sensitive LC-MS-MS assay for the quantification of betulonic acid in rat plasma. J Chromatogr Sci. 2014;52:195-200 pubmed publisher
    ..The method was successfully applied for the estimation of betulonic acid in rat plasma from a preclinical pharmacokinetics study. ..
  46. Cai Y, Ruan J. [Studies on the chemical constituents from the leaf of Liquidambar formosana Hance]. Zhong Yao Cai. 2005;28:294-5 pubmed
    To study the chemical constituents from the methanolic extract from the leaf of Liquidambar formosana Hance.
  47. Weber R. Liquidambar styraciflua. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2003;90:A6 pubmed
  48. Luo Y, White L, Hui D. Comment on "Impacts of fine root turnover on forest NPP and soil C sequestration potential". Science. 2004;304:1745; author reply 1745 pubmed
  49. Norby R, Ledford J, Reilly C, Miller N, O Neill E. Fine-root production dominates response of a deciduous forest to atmospheric CO2 enrichment. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2004;101:9689-93 pubmed
  50. Martin E, Duke J, Pelkki M, Clausen E, Carrier D. Sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua L.): extraction of shikimic acid coupled to dilute acid pretreatment. Appl Biochem Biotechnol. 2010;162:1660-8 pubmed publisher
    b>Liquidambar styraciflua L., also known as sweetgum, is an understory hardwood species that has widespread distribution in the southeast USA, especially in pine plantations...
  51. Li L, Gao H, Wang Z, Wang W. [Determination of aristolochic acid A in Guanxinsuhe preparations by RP-HPLC]. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2006;31:122-4 pubmed
    ..To establish a determination method of aristolochic acid A in Guanxisuhe preparations by RP-HPLC...
  52. Leng H, Chen Y, Duan H, Rao L, Wang Y, Hu Y. [Effects of phosphorus stress on the growth and nitrogen and phosphorus absorption of different Formosan sweet gum provenances]. Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao. 2009;20:754-60 pubmed
    Aiming at the ecological value of Formosan sweet gum (Liquidambar formosana) as a pioneer species and the status of red soil phosphorus (P) deficiency, a sand culture experiment of split design was conducted to study the responses of ..
  53. Nuttle T, Haefner J. Seed dispersal in heterogeneous environments: bridging the gap between mechanistic dispersal and forest dynamics models. Am Nat. 2005;165:336-49 pubmed
  54. Bi C, Zhang X, Rice J, Ingram L, Preston J. Genetic engineering of Enterobacter asburiae strain JDR-1 for efficient D(--) lactic acid production from hemicellulose hydrolysate. Biotechnol Lett. 2009;31:1551-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Enterobacter asburiae JDR-1 offers a platform to develop efficient biocatalysts for production of fuels and chemicals from hemicellulose hydrolysates of hardwood and agricultural residues...
  55. Ickert Bond S, Wen J. Phylogeny and biogeography of Altingiaceae: evidence from combined analysis of five non-coding chloroplast regions. Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2006;39:512-28 pubmed
    ..The genus Liquidambar has been employed as a biogeographic model for studying the Northern Hemisphere intercontinental disjunctions...
  56. Hughes N, Morley C, Smith W. Coordination of anthocyanin decline and photosynthetic maturation in juvenile leaves of three deciduous tree species. New Phytol. 2007;175:675-85 pubmed
  57. Ward E, Oren R, Bell D, Clark J, McCarthy H, Kim H, et al. The effects of elevated CO2 and nitrogen fertilization on stomatal conductance estimated from 11 years of scaled sap flux measurements at Duke FACE. Tree Physiol. 2013;33:135-51 pubmed publisher
    ..and Liquidambar styraciflua L. exposed to +200 ppm atmospheric CO(2) levels (eCO(2)) and nitrogen fertilization...
  58. Levia D, Bollinger W, Hrabik R. Evaporation of intercepted precipitation from fruit litter of Liquidambar styraciflua L. (sweetgum) in a clearing as a function of meteorological conditions. Int J Biometeorol. 2005;49:325-31 pubmed
    ..the influence of meteorological conditions on the evaporation of intercepted precipitation by fruit litter from Liquidambar styraciflua L...
  59. Song F, Tian X, Fan X, He X. Decomposing ability of filamentous fungi on litter is involved in a subtropical mixed forest. Mycologia. 2010;102:20-6 pubmed
    The abilities of 10 filamentous fungi, isolated from Pinus massoniana-Liquidambar formasana mixed forest (PLF), to decompose fresh, fallen needle and leaf litter were studied with pure-culture tests...
  60. Via B, Adhikari S, Taylor S. Modeling for proximate analysis and heating value of torrefied biomass with vibration spectroscopy. Bioresour Technol. 2013;133:1-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Finally, calibration models for proximate analysis were performed and while both systems could be used for rapid monitoring, NIR performed better than FTIR...
  61. Li C, Sun Y, Sun Y. [Chemical composition of fructus Liquidambaris--lulutong]. Yao Xue Xue Bao. 2002;37:263-6 pubmed
    To study the chemical composition in the fruits of Liquidambar formana Hance.
  62. Herrick J, Thomas R. Leaf senescence and late-season net photosynthesis of sun and shade leaves of overstory sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua) grown in elevated and ambient carbon dioxide concentrations. Tree Physiol. 2003;23:109-18 pubmed
    ..CO2]) on leaf demography, late-season photosynthesis and leaf N resorption of overstory sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua L.) trees in the Duke Forest Free Air CO2 Enrichment (FACE) experiment...
  63. Iversen C, Ledford J, Norby R. CO2 enrichment increases carbon and nitrogen input from fine roots in a deciduous forest. New Phytol. 2008;179:837-47 pubmed publisher
    ..The experiment was conducted in a CO(2)-enriched sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua) plantation...
  64. Suzek H, Celik I, Dogan A, Yildirim S. Protective effect and antioxidant role of sweetgum (Liquidambar orientalis) oil against carbon tetrachloride-induced hepatotoxicity and oxidative stress in rats. Pharm Biol. 2016;54:451-7 pubmed publisher
    Sweetgum oil (SO) obtained from the Liquidambar orientalis Mill (Hamamelidaceae) tree has been used in Turkish folk medicine for centuries as an antiulcerigenic...
  65. Norby R, Sholtis J, Gunderson C, Jawdy S. Leaf dynamics of a deciduous forest canopy: no response to elevated CO2. Oecologia. 2003;136:574-84 pubmed
    ..LAI of this Liquidambar styraciflua (sweetgum) stand was about 6 and was relatively constant year-to-year, including the 2 years prior ..
  66. Allen L. Basics of compounding with balsams. Int J Pharm Compd. 2013;17:490-5 pubmed
    ..Today, the most common use would be in diaper ointments and to treat various skin disorders. Pharmacists are still called upon to compound various preparations using balsams...
  67. Springer C, DeLucia E, Thomas R. Relationships between net photosynthesis and foliar nitrogen concentrations in a loblolly pine forest ecosystem grown in elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide. Tree Physiol. 2005;25:385-94 pubmed
  68. Gao L, Li Y, Xu Y, Hulcr J, Cognato A, Wang J, et al. Acanthotomicus sp. (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Scolytinae), a New Destructive Insect Pest of North American Sweetgum Liquidambar styraciflua in China. J Econ Entomol. 2017;110:1592-1595 pubmed publisher
    A previously unknown bark beetle species, Acanthotomicus sp., has emerged as a lethal pest of American sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua) in China...
  69. Wang C, Chen F, Wang Y, Li J. [Soil heterotrophic respiration and its sensitivity to soil temperature and moisture in Liquidambar formosana and Pinus massoniana forests in hilly areas of southeast Hubei Province, China]. Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao. 2011;22:600-6 pubmed
    ..conducted to study the annual dynamics of soil heterotrophic respiration and soil temperature and moisture in Liquidambar formosana and Pinus massoniana forests in hilly areas of southeast Hubei Province, China...
  70. Karadeniz B, Ulker Z, Alpsoy L. Genotoxic and cytotoxic effects of storax in vitro. Toxicol Ind Health. 2013;29:181-6 pubmed publisher
    ..this study is to investigate the effects of the storax balsam, which is a kind of sweet gum obtained from the Liquidambar orientalis Mill trees, on cell viability, cytotoxicity and genotoxicity in human lymphocyte in vitro...
  71. Lynch D, McInerney F, Kouwenberg L, Gonzalez Meler M. Plasticity in bundle sheath extensions of heterobaric leaves. Am J Bot. 2012;99:1197-206 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we quantify plasticity in the spacing of BSEs over irradiance and precipitation gradients. Because physiological function(s) of BSEs remain uncertain, we additionally explored a link between BSEs and water use efficiency (WUE)...
  72. Matamala R, Gonzalez Meler M, Jastrow J, Norby R, Schlesinger W. Impacts of fine root turnover on forest NPP and soil C sequestration potential. Science. 2003;302:1385-7 pubmed
    ..These long turnover times suggest that root production and turnover in forests have been overestimated and that sequestration of anthropogenic atmospheric carbon in forest soils may be lower than currently estimated...