geranium

Summary

Summary: A plant genus of the family GERANIACEAE. Geranium is also used as a common name for PELARGONIUM.

Top Publications

  1. Shankar S, Ahmad A, Sastry M. Geranium leaf assisted biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles. Biotechnol Prog. 2003;19:1627-31 pubmed
    ..In this paper, we report on the use of Geranium (Pelargonium graveolens) leaf extract in the extracellular synthesis of silver nanoparticles...
  2. Calzada F, Cervantes Martínez J, Yepez Mulia L. In vitro antiprotozoal activity from the roots of Geranium mexicanum and its constituents on Entamoeba histolytica and Giardia lamblia. J Ethnopharmacol. 2005;98:191-3 pubmed
    ..the antiprotozoal activity of the dichloromethane-MeOH extract, fractions and pure compounds from the roots of Geranium mexicanum on Entamoeba histolytica and Giardia lamblia...
  3. Sokmen M, Angelova M, Krumova E, Pashova S, Ivancheva S, Sokmen A, et al. In vitro antioxidant activity of polyphenol extracts with antiviral properties from Geranium sanguineum L. Life Sci. 2005;76:2981-93 pubmed
    ..acid assay and NBT-reduction assay it was established that a polyphenol-rich extract from the medicinal plant Geranium sanguineum L. with strong anti-influenza virus activity, possessed antioxidant and radical scavenging capacities...
  4. Karato M, Yamaguchi K, Takei S, Kino T, Yazawa K. Inhibitory effects of pasuchaca (Geranium dielsiaum) extract on alpha-glucosidase in mouse. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2006;70:1482-4 pubmed
    The methanolic extract of pasuchaca (Geranium dielsiaum) (PsEx) was found to suppress blood glucose elevation after oral administration of sucrose, maltose, and starch, but not after oral administration of glucose, in the mouse...
  5. Li J, Huang H, Zhou W, Feng M, Zhou P. Anti-hepatitis B virus activities of Geranium carolinianum L. extracts and identification of the active components. Biol Pharm Bull. 2008;31:743-7 pubmed
    The ethanol extract of Geranium carolinianum L., a domestic plant grown in China, was subjected to sequential extractions with different organic solvents. The extracts were assayed for anti-hepatitis B virus (HBV) activities...
  6. Stermitz F, Cashman K, Halligan K, Morel C, Tegos G, Lewis K. Polyacylated neohesperidosides from Geranium caespitosum: bacterial multidrug resistance pump inhibitors. Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2003;13:1915-8 pubmed
    ..aureus multidrug resistance efflux pump inhibitors resulted in isolation of novel acylated neohesperidosides from Geranium caespitosum. The more highly acylated compounds had no direct activity against S...
  7. Sigurdsson S, Gudbjarnason S. Inhibition of acetylcholinesterase by extracts and constituents from Angelica archangelica and Geranium sylvaticum. Z Naturforsch C. 2007;62:689-93 pubmed
    ..Ethanolic extracts of Angelica archangelica seeds and the aerial parts of Geranium sylvaticum proved effective, with IC50 values of 2.20 mg/ml and 3.56 mg/ml, respectively...
  8. Sánchez Blanco M, Alvarez S, Navarro A, Bañón S. Changes in leaf water relations, gas exchange, growth and flowering quality in potted geranium plants irrigated with different water regimes. J Plant Physiol. 2009;166:467-76 pubmed publisher
    b>Geranium plants are an important part of urban green areas but suffer from drought, especially when grown in containers with a limited volume of medium...
  9. Gayosso De Lucio J, Torres Valencia J, Cerda García Rojas C, Joseph Nathan P. Ellagitannins from Geranium potentillaefolium and G. bellum. Nat Prod Commun. 2010;5:531-4 pubmed
    The aerial parts of Geranium potentillaefoium afforded geraniin (1), corilagin (2), gallic acid (4), methyl gallate (6), methyl brevifolincarboxylate (7), quercetin, quercetin 3-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside, quercetin 3-O-beta-D-[6"-O-..

More Information

Publications103 found, 100 shown here

  1. Lisi A, Hasick N, Kazlauskas R, Goebel C. Studies of methylhexaneamine in supplements and geranium oil. Drug Test Anal. 2011;3:873-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Many contain methylhexaneamine under one of many pseudonyms including Geranamine, geranium oil or extract, or a number of chemical names such as 1,3-dimethylpentylamine...
  2. Zhang X, Gu H, Li X, Xu Z, Chen Y, Li Y. Anti-Helicobacter pylori compounds from the ethanol extracts of Geranium wilfordii. J Ethnopharmacol. 2013;147:204-7 pubmed publisher
    ETHNOPHARMOCOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Geranium wilfordii Maxim has been extensively used in Chinese Herbal Medicine for treating gastrointestinal disorders, diarrhea and dysentery...
  3. Asikainen E, Mutikainen P. Preferences of pollinators and herbivores in gynodioecious Geranium sylvaticum. Ann Bot. 2005;95:879-86 pubmed
    ..In Geranium sylvaticum, females produce more seeds per flower than hermaphrodites...
  4. Inouye S, Nishiyama Y, Uchida K, Hasumi Y, Yamaguchi H, Abe S. The vapor activity of oregano, perilla, tea tree, lavender, clove, and geranium oils against a Trichophyton mentagrophytes in a closed box. J Infect Chemother. 2006;12:349-54 pubmed
    ..the vapor activity of the six essential oils was ranked in the following order: oregano > clove, perilla > geranium, lavender, tea tree...
  5. Gayosso De Lucio J, Torres Valencia M, Rojo Dominguez A, Nájera Peña H, Aguirre López B, Salas Pacheco J, et al. Selective inactivation of triosephosphate isomerase from Trypanosoma cruzi by brevifolin carboxylate derivatives isolated from Geranium bellum Rose. Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2009;19:5936-9 pubmed publisher
    ..drug for the treatment of Chagas' disease, we found that some brevifolin carboxylate derivatives isolated from Geranium bellum Rose, inactivate triosephosphate isomerase from Trypanosoma cruzi (TcTIM) in a species-specific manner...
  6. Wu N, Zu Y, Fu Y, Kong Y, Zhao J, Li X, et al. Antioxidant activities and xanthine oxidase inhibitory effects of extracts and main polyphenolic compounds obtained from Geranium sibiricum L. J Agric Food Chem. 2010;58:4737-43 pubmed publisher
    The antioxidant capacity and xanthine oxidase inhibitory effects of extracts and main polyphenolic compounds of Geranium sibiricum were studied in the present work...
  7. Söhretoğlu D, Sabuncuoğlu S, Sakar M, Ozgüneş H, Sterner O. Antioxidant effects of secondary metabolites from Geranium psilostemon. Nat Prod Commun. 2010;5:899-902 pubmed
    ..blood cells of the crude MeOH extract and its EtOAc, n-BuOH, and H2O sub-extracts obtained from aerial parts of Geranium psilostemon Ledeb., as well as compounds isolated from the most active EtOAc extract...
  8. Boukhatem M, Kameli A, Ferhat M, Saidi F, Mekarnia M. Rose geranium essential oil as a source of new and safe anti-inflammatory drugs. Libyan J Med. 2013;8:22520 pubmed publisher
    ..Since the available anti-inflammatory drugs exert an extensive variety of side effects, the search for new anti-inflammatory agents has been a priority of pharmaceutical industries...
  9. Abe S, Maruyama N, Hayama K, Inouye S, Oshima H, Yamaguchi H. Suppression of neutrophil recruitment in mice by geranium essential oil. Mediators Inflamm. 2004;13:21-4 pubmed
    ..In aromatherapy, essential oils are used as anti-inflammatory remedies, but experimental studies on their action mechanisms are very limited...
  10. Maruyama N, Ishibashi H, Hu W, Morofuji S, Inouye S, Yamaguchi H, et al. Suppression of carrageenan- and collagen II-induced inflammation in mice by geranium oil. Mediators Inflamm. 2006;2006:62537 pubmed
    ..the therapeutic efficacy of essential oils in aromatherapy for inflammatory diseases, we examined the effects of geranium oil on carrageenan-induced and collagen II-induced inflammation in mice, to assess acute and chronic anti-..
  11. Li J, Huang H, Feng M, Zhou W, Shi X, Zhou P. In vitro and in vivo anti-hepatitis B virus activities of a plant extract from Geranium carolinianum L. Antiviral Res. 2008;79:114-20 pubmed publisher
    ..We examined the effect of the polyphenolic extract from Geranium carolinianum L. (PPGC) on HBV replication both in vitro and in vivo...
  12. Maruyama N, Takizawa T, Ishibashi H, Hisajima T, Inouye S, Yamaguchi H, et al. Protective activity of geranium oil and its component, geraniol, in combination with vaginal washing against vaginal candidiasis in mice. Biol Pharm Bull. 2008;31:1501-6 pubmed
    ..albicans to estradiol-treated mice. These mice intravaginally received essential oils such as geranium and tea tree singly or in combination with vaginal washing...
  13. Van Etten M, Chang S. Effects of environmental heterogeneity on the distribution of sexes within and among populations in a gynodioecious species, Geranium maculatum. New Phytol. 2009;183:649-60 pubmed publisher
    ..light availability and soil moisture between sites of three monomorphic and three dimorphic populations of Geranium maculatum and between microsites occupied by females and hermaphrodites within populations...
  14. Shim J, Oh P, Lim K. Anti-inflammatory activity of ethanol extract from Geranium sibiricum Linne. J Ethnopharmacol. 2009;126:90-5 pubmed publisher
    b>Geranium sibiricum (Geraniaceae) Linne (GSL) is used to heal various disorders of the diarrhea and the intestinal inflammation as an herbal agent in East Asia.
  15. Venskutonis P, Dedonyte V, Lazutka J, Slapsyte G, Maroziene A, Nemeikaite Ceniene A, et al. A preliminary assessment of singlet oxygen scavenging, cytotoxic and genotoxic properties of Geranium macrorrhizum extracts. Acta Biochim Pol. 2010;57:157-63 pubmed
    Strong radical-scavenging activity of Geranium macrorrhizum extracts isolated by using various solvent systems has been reported previously. This study aimed at expanding the knowledge on the bioactivities of antioxidatively active G...
  16. Lu C, Li Y, Li L, Liang L, Shen Y. Anti-inflammatory activities of fractions from Geranium nepalense and related polyphenols. Drug Discov Ther. 2012;6:194-7 pubmed
    b>Geranium nepalense Sweet is a common Chinese herbal medicine and has been used as influenza, dysentery, antiphlogistic and analgesic tonic, hemostatic, stomachic, and antidiabetic drugs. The anti-inflammatory effects of G...
  17. Ramula S, Mutikainen P. Sex allocation of females and hermaphrodites in the gynodioecious Geranium sylvaticum. Ann Bot. 2003;92:207-13 pubmed
    ..patterns of sex allocation were studied in female and hermaphroditic plants in two gynodioecious populations of Geranium sylvaticum (Geraniaceae)...
  18. Kupeli E, Tatli I, Akdemir Z, Yesilada E. Estimation of antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory activity on Geranium pratense subsp. finitimum and its phenolic compounds. J Ethnopharmacol. 2007;114:234-40 pubmed
    To obtain experimental evidence on the therapeutic efficacy of Geranium species and its phenolic compounds for inflammatory diseases, we examined the effects of the aqueous extract of the aerial parts of Geranium pratense subsp...
  19. Giongo J, de Almeida Vaucher R, Fausto V, Quatrin P, Lopes L, Santos R, et al. Anti-Candida activity assessment of Pelargonium graveolens oil free and nanoemulsion in biofilm formation in hospital medical supplies. Microb Pathog. 2016;100:170-178 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Geranium oil (GO) has proven antimicrobial activity...
  20. Murrell C, Gerber E, Krebs C, Parepa M, Schaffner U, Bossdorf O. Invasive knotweed affects native plants through allelopathy. Am J Bot. 2011;98:38-43 pubmed publisher
    ..Preliminary results from laboratory studies suggest that allelopathy could play a role in this invasion...
  21. Ninagawa T, Eguchi A, Kawamura Y, Konishi T, Narumi A. A study on ice crystal formation behavior at intracellular freezing of plant cells using a high-speed camera. Cryobiology. 2016;73:20-9 pubmed publisher
    ..and successfully used this to capture clearer images of the IIF process in the epidermal tissues of strawberry geranium (Saxifraga stolonifera Curtis) leaves...
  22. Blanco C, Terán Vargas A, Abel C, Portilla M, Rojas M, Morales Ramos J, et al. Plant host effect on the development of Heliothis virescens F. (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Environ Entomol. 2008;37:1538-47 pubmed
    ..virescens. Two species of Geranium, previously reported as the source of the first H...
  23. Shim J, Lim K. Antioxidative activity of glycoprotein isolated from Geranium sibiricum Linne. Nat Prod Res. 2009;23:375-87 pubmed publisher
    Glycoprotein from Geranium sibiricum Linne (GSL) with 18 kDa was isolated and it consists of carbohydrate moiety (10.45%) and protein moiety (89.55%)...
  24. Gama Arachchige N, Baskin J, Geneve R, Baskin C. Acquisition of physical dormancy and ontogeny of the micropyle--water-gap complex in developing seeds of Geranium carolinianum (Geraniaceae). Ann Bot. 2011;108:51-64 pubmed publisher
    ..e. water gap) in physically dormant (PY) seeds of Geranium carolinianum (Geraniaceae)...
  25. Scherf J, Milling A, Allen C. Moderate temperature fluctuations rapidly reduce the viability of Ralstonia solanacearum race 3, biovar 2, in infected geranium, tomato, and potato plants. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2010;76:7061-7 pubmed publisher
    ..We measured pathogen survival in infected tomato and geranium plants, in infected potato tubers, and in sterile water...
  26. Graça V, Dias M, Barros L, Calhelha R, Santos P, Ferreira I. Fractionation of the more active extracts of Geranium molle L.: a relationship between their phenolic profile and biological activity. Food Funct. 2018;9:2032-2042 pubmed publisher
    b>Geranium molle L., commonly known as Dove's-foot Crane's-bill or Dovesfoot Geranium, is an herbaceous plant belonging to the Geraniaceae family...
  27. Jeiter J, Hilger H, Smets E, Weigend M. The relationship between nectaries and floral architecture: a case study in Geraniaceae and Hypseocharitaceae. Ann Bot. 2017;120:791-803 pubmed publisher
    ..Various forms of compartmentalization, culminating in the 'revolver flower' of Geranium maderense, are described...
  28. Narnoliya L, Sangwan R, Singh S. Transcriptome mining and in silico structural and functional analysis of ascorbic acid and tartaric acid biosynthesis pathway enzymes in rose-scanted geranium. Mol Biol Rep. 2018;45:315-326 pubmed publisher
    Rose-scented geranium (Pelargonium sp.) is widely known as aromatic and medicinal herb, accumulating specialized metabolites of high economic importance, such as essential oils, ascorbic acid, and tartaric acid...
  29. Kumar P, Singhal V. Chromosome number and secondary chromosomal associations in wild populations of Geranium pratense L. from the cold deserts of Lahaul-Spiti (India). Tsitol Genet. 2013;47:56-65 pubmed
    ..the meiotic chromosome number and details of secondary chromosomal associations recorded for the first time in Geranium pratense L. from the alpine environments in the cold deserts of Lahaul-Spiti (India)...
  30. Liu D, Ma Y, Gu M, Janson J, Wang C, Xiao H. Liquid-liquid/solid three-phase high-speed counter-current chromatography, a new technique for separation of polyphenols from Geranium wilfordii Maxim. J Sep Sci. 2012;35:2146-51 pubmed publisher
    ..three-phase system was used for the separation of the polyphenols corilagin and geraniin from a crude extract of Geranium wilfordii Maxim in one step...
  31. Varga S, Kytöviita M. Light availability affects sex lability in a gynodioecious plant. Am J Bot. 2016;103:1928-1936 pubmed
    ..Here, we tested whether environmental conditions induce sex lability in the gynodioecious Geranium sylvaticum...
  32. Adesanya A, Held D, Liu N. Geranium intoxication induces detoxification enzymes in the Japanese beetle, Popillia japonica Newman. Pestic Biochem Physiol. 2017;143:1-7 pubmed publisher
    ..plant, Pelargonium×hortorum, or on artificial diet containing quisqualic acid (QA), the active compound in zonal geranium. We hypothesized that Pelargonium×hortorum or QA do not induce activity of the cytochrome P450, glutathione S ..
  33. Murzakhmetova M, Moldakarimov S, Tancheva L, Abarova S, Serkedjieva J. Antioxidant and prooxidant properties of a polyphenol-rich extract from Geranium sanguineum L. in vitro and in vivo. Phytother Res. 2008;22:746-51 pubmed publisher
    A polyphenol-rich extract from Geranium sanguineum L. (PC) protected biological membranes due to its antioxidant capacity...
  34. Łysakowska M, Sienkiewicz M, Banaszek K, Sokołowski J. The Sensitivity of Endodontic Enterococcus spp. Strains to Geranium Essential Oil. Molecules. 2015;20:22881-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) of geranium essential oil was investigated by microdilution in 96-well microplates in Mueller Hinton Broth II...
  35. Sun R, Jin Z, Zhang Z, Xu C, Sun S. [Analysis and identification of Geranium by two-dimensional correlation infrared spectroscopy]. Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi. 2013;33:81-4 pubmed
    ..to identify and analyze the main components of Heilongjiang (HLJG), Jilin (JLG), Liaoning (LNG) genuine Herba Geranium. The emergence of several characteristic absorption peaks of tannins including 1 730 and 1 337 cm(-1) and peaks ..
  36. Doran A, Morden W, Dunn K, Edwards Jones V. Vapour-phase activities of essential oils against antibiotic sensitive and resistant bacteria including MRSA. Lett Appl Microbiol. 2009;48:387-92 pubmed publisher
    ..The antibacterial activity of geranium and lemongrass EO individually and blended were evaluated over a range of concentrations by direct contact and ..
  37. Lee H, Youn Y, Kim S. Coverage dependence of the adsorption structure of alanine on Ge(100). Langmuir. 2009;25:12574-7 pubmed publisher
    ..At higher temperatures, the "O-H dissociation structure" is converted into various fragments such as Ge oxide (or Ge-CO), Ge nitride (Ge cyanide), and Ge carbide. ..
  38. Singh D, Kumar T, Gupt V, Chaturvedi P. Antimicrobial activity of some promising plant oils, molecules and formulations. Indian J Exp Biol. 2012;50:714-7 pubmed
    ..Results showed that potential antimicrobial activity was demonstrated by geranium oil, geraniol, and terpineol...
  39. Varga S, Vega Frutis R, Kytöviita M. Transgenerational effects of plant sex and arbuscular mycorrhizal symbiosis. New Phytol. 2013;199:812-21 pubmed publisher
    ..and paternal effects of AM fungal symbiosis and host sex on seed production and posterior seedling performance in Geranium sylvaticum, a gynodioecious plant...
  40. Varga S, Soulsbury C. Paternal arbuscular mycorrhizal fungal status affects DNA methylation in seeds. Biol Lett. 2017;13: pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, we compared the amount of global DNA methylation in seeds of the gynodioecious plant Geranium sylvaticum in relation to the gender and the AMF status of the parents producing the seeds...
  41. Liebling A, Williams R. The new subversive geranium: some notes on the management of additional troubles in maximum security prisons. Br J Sociol. 2017;: pubmed publisher
    ..The analysis is based on observations and interviews with staff and prisoners in two main and two supplementary maximum-security prisons in England and Wales...
  42. Gwynne M, Newton W. Geranium extract reduces bronchitis symptoms. J Fam Pract. 2004;53:180-1 pubmed
  43. Du S, Zhang W, Wu C, Xu Y, Wei L. [Chemical constituents of Geranium eristemon]. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2003;28:625-6 pubmed
    To study the chemical constituents of Geranium eristemon. Chromatography and spectral analysis were used to isolate the constituents and elucidate their structures. Five compounds were isolated from acetone extract of the whole grass of G...
  44. Zhu H, Yu Y, Ozkan H, Derksen R, Krause C. Evaporation and wetted area of single droplets on waxy and hairy leaf surfaces. Commun Agric Appl Biol Sci. 2008;73:711-8 pubmed
    ..Evaporation time and wetted area of single pesticide droplets on hairy and waxy geranium leaf surfaces were measured under the controlled conditions for five droplet sizes and three relative humidities...
  45. Varga S, Kytöviita M. Mycorrhizal benefit differs among the sexes in a gynodioecious species. Ecology. 2010;91:2583-93 pubmed
    ..whether the association with AM symbiosis is different according to the host plant sex in the gynodioecious Geranium sylvaticum, of which, besides female and hermaphrodite plants, intermediate plants are also recognized...
  46. Ben Jemia M, Aidi Wannes W, Ouchikh O, Bruno M, Kchouk M. Antioxidant activity of Tunisian Geranium robertianum L. (Geraniaceae). Nat Prod Res. 2013;27:2076-83 pubmed publisher
    The present investigation focuses on the methanolic extract obtained from Geranium robertianum L. (Geraniaceae) (Herb Robert), a herbal plant used in traditional medicine for the treatment of human and animal diseases...
  47. Boisvert W, Yu M, Choi Y, Jeong G, Zhang Y, Cho S, et al. Hair growth-promoting effect of Geranium sibiricum extract in human dermal papilla cells and C57BL/6 mice. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2017;17:109 pubmed publisher
    b>Geranium sibiricum L. has been used as a medicinal plant to treat diarrhea, bacterial infection, and cancer in Bulgaria, Peru, and Korea. However, its hair growth-promoting effect was not investigated so far...
  48. Catarino M, Silva A, Cruz M, Cardoso S. Antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities of Geranium robertianum L. decoctions. Food Funct. 2017;8:3355-3365 pubmed publisher
    b>Geranium robertianum L., commonly known as Herb Robert, is an herbaceous plant popularly known for its functional properties including antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities...
  49. Potemkina N, Egorova N, Bugara A. [Cytogenetic investigation of geranium plants in tissue culture]. Tsitol Genet. 2004;38:26-30 pubmed
    Cytogenetic study of six cultivars and six selection lines of geranium (Pelargonium spp.), as well as of 100 plants regenerated from callus cultures has been performed...
  50. Fodorea C, Tamas M. Root, stem and leaf anatomy of Geranium palustre Torner Cent. (Geraniaceae). Rev Med Chir Soc Med Nat Iasi. 2005;109:419-21 pubmed
    An anatomical study on the root, stem and leaf of Geranium palustre Torner Cent. has been performed in order to continue our previous researches on this species. Technique of inclusion into paraffin and optical microscope have been used...
  51. Vandelook F, van Assche J. A combined physical and physiological dormancy controls seasonal seedling emergence of Geranium robertianum. Plant Biol (Stuttg). 2010;12:765-71 pubmed publisher
    ..The biennial Geranium robertianum L. grows mainly in temperate woodlands, but can also be found in exposed habitats. Seedlings of G...
  52. Wondimu T, Gizaw A, Tusiime F, Masao C, Abdi A, Hou Y, et al. Genetic structuring, dispersal and taxonomy of the high-alpine populations of the Geranium arabicum/kilimandscharicum complex in tropical eastern Africa. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0178208 pubmed publisher
    ..The high-alpine populations of the Geranium arabicum/kilimandscharicum complex present intricate morphological variation and have recently been suggested to ..
  53. Bello M, Morales González J. Molecular recognition between potential natural inhibitors of the Keap1-Nrf2 complex. Int J Biol Macromol. 2017;105:981-992 pubmed publisher
    ..Keap1-Nrf2 complex, we evaluated the binding properties between four natural compounds present in the extract of Geranium schiedeanum (Gs): 3-O-a-L arabinofuranoside-7-O-a-l-rhamnopyranoside of kaempferol (KAM), gallic acid (GAL), ..
  54. Budzyńska A, Rozalska S, Sadowska B, Rozalska B. Candida albicans/Staphylococcus aureus Dual-Species Biofilm as a Target for the Combination of Essential Oils and Fluconazole or Mupirocin. Mycopathologia. 2017;182:989-995 pubmed publisher
    ..Selected commercial EOs were tested: geranium, citronella and clove oils, which have been chemically characterized and found to differ in the content of the ..
  55. Söhretoğlu D, Liptaj T, Sakar M, Sterner O. A new acylated neohesperidoside from Geranium purpureum. Nat Prod Commun. 2011;6:1321-2 pubmed
    A new acylated neohesperoside derivative, 1-octyl-4'-isovaleroyl-neohesperoside (1), was isolated from Geranium purpureum Vill. (Geraniaceae) together with the known compounds quercetin-3-rutinoside and gallic acid...
  56. Youn K, Jun M. In vitro BACE1 inhibitory activity of geraniin and corilagin from Geranium thunbergii. Planta Med. 2013;79:1038-42 pubmed publisher
    ..In the process of searching for ?-secretase inhibitors from natural resources, the EtOAc soluble fraction of Geranium thunbergii exhibited significant ?-secretase inhibitory activity...
  57. Kobayashi Y, Sato H, Yorita M, Nakayama H, Miyazato H, Sugimoto K, et al. Inhibitory effects of geranium essential oil and its major component, citronellol, on degranulation and cytokine production by mast cells. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2016;80:1172-8 pubmed publisher
    We investigated the effects of geranium essential oil (GEO) on anaphylaxis. GEO can exert antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects, but its roles in allergic reactions are incompletely understood...
  58. Frey F, Robertson A, Bukoski M. A method for quantifying rotational symmetry. New Phytol. 2007;175:785-91 pubmed
    ..Using digital images of Geranium robertianum flowers, this new method was compared with a technique based on lengths alone and with established ..
  59. Dorion N, Ben Jouira H, Gallard A, Hassanein A, Nassour M, Grapin A. Methods for in vitro propagation of Pelargonium x Hortorum and others: from meristems to protoplasts. Methods Mol Biol. 2010;589:197-211 pubmed publisher
    ..These protocols were established mainly with Pelargonium x hortorum cultivars, but we propose possible solutions for the other species: P. x peltatum, P. x domesticum, P. capitatum and P. graveolens...
  60. Braun S, Castrillo L, Sanderson J, Daughtrey M, Wraight S. Transstadial transmission of Pythium in Bradysia impatiens and lack of adult vectoring capacity. Phytopathology. 2010;100:1307-14 pubmed publisher
    ..These results are in agreement with previous studies that have suggested that adult fungus gnats are unlikely vectors of Pythium spp...
  61. Ranger C, Winter R, Singh A, Reding M, Frantz J, Locke J, et al. Rare excitatory amino acid from flowers of zonal geranium responsible for paralyzing the Japanese beetle. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011;108:1217-21 pubmed publisher
    The Japanese beetle (JB), Popillia japonica, exhibits rapid paralysis after consuming flower petals of zonal geranium, Pelargonium x hortorum. Activity-guided fractionations were conducted with polar flower petal extracts from P...
  62. Wallace P, Arey B, Mahaffee W. Subsurface examination of a foliar biofilm using scanning electron- and focused-ion-beam microscopy. Micron. 2011;42:579-85 pubmed publisher
    ..Burkholderia pyroccinia FP62, that rapidly colonizes the leaf surface and forms biofilms, was inoculated onto geranium leaves and incubated in a greenhouse for 7 or 14 days...
  63. Asai T, Sakai T, Ohyama K, Fujimoto Y. n-Octyl ?-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1?2)-?-D-glucopyranoside derivatives from the glandular trichome exudate of Geranium carolinianum. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 2011;59:747-52 pubmed
    Chemical investigation of the glandular trichome exudate from Geranium carolinianum L...
  64. Söhretoğlu D, Sakar M, Sabuncuoğlu S, Ozgüneş H, Duman H, Sterner O. Antioxidant secondary metabolites from Geranium lasiopus Boiss. & Heldr. Nat Prod Res. 2012;26:1261-4 pubmed publisher
    Chromatographic studies on the EtOAc soluble portion of the MeOH extract of Geranium lasiopus led to the isolation of eight flavonoids (kaempferol (1), quercetin (2), quercetin 3-O-?-glucopyranoside (3), quercetin 3-O-?-galactopyranoside (..
  65. Gallardo A, Picollo M, Gonzalez Audino P, Mougabure Cueto G. Insecticidal activity of individual and mixed monoterpenoids of geranium essential oil against Pediculus humanus capitis (Phthiraptera: Pediculidae). J Med Entomol. 2012;49:332-5 pubmed
    The major components of geranium (Geranium maculatum L.) oil and their mixtures were tested against female Pediculus humanus capitis De Geer (Phthiraptera: Pediculidae)...
  66. Sabuncuoğlu S, Söhretoğlu D. Evaluation of antihemolytic and antioxidant activities of Geranium tuberosum subsp. tuberosum with in vitro models. Pharm Biol. 2012;50:1374-9 pubmed publisher
    There are 33 Geranium species growing in Turkey characterized by the presence of polyphenolic compounds...
  67. Tuominen A, Salminen J. Hydrolyzable Tannins, Flavonol Glycosides, and Phenolic Acids Show Seasonal and Ontogenic Variation in Geranium sylvaticum. J Agric Food Chem. 2017;65:6387-6403 pubmed publisher
    The seasonal variation of polyphenols in the aboveground organs and roots of Geranium sylvaticum in four populations was studied using UPLC-DAD-ESI-QqQ-MS/MS...
  68. Held D, Gonsiska P, Potter D. Evaluating companion planting and non-host masking odors for protecting roses from the Japanese beetle (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae). J Econ Entomol. 2003;96:81-7 pubmed
    ..Three reputedly effective companion species, rue (Ruta graveolens L.), zonal geranium (Pelargonium x hortorum Bailey), and garlic chives (Allium scheonparum L...
  69. Greenway F, Frome B, Engels T, McLellan A. Temporary relief of postherpetic neuralgia pain with topical geranium oil. Am J Med. 2003;115:586-7 pubmed
  70. Ji M, Piao X, Jin Y, Park R. Anticoagulant 1,2,3,4,6-pentagalloyl-beta-D-glucopyranose isolated from geranium (Pelargonium inquinans Ait). Arch Pharm Res. 2005;28:1037-41 pubmed
    b>Geranium (Pelargonium inquinans Ait) leaves were extracted with 80% MeOH, and partitioned into n-hexane, ethyl acetate, BuOH and H2O to isolate the anticoagulant principles...
  71. Barclay J, Vestey J, Lambert A, Balmer C. Reducing the symptoms of lymphoedema: is there a role for aromatherapy?. Eur J Oncol Nurs. 2006;10:140-9 pubmed
    ..It also slightly, but not significantly reduced limb volume. However, aromatherapy oils, carefully chosen on the basis that they should benefit this group, did not appear to influence any improvement in these measures...
  72. Fodorea C, Vlase L, Suciu S, Tamas M, Leucuta S. Preliminary HPLC study on some polyphenols of Geranium robertianum L. (Geraniaceae). Rev Med Chir Soc Med Nat Iasi. 2005;109:174-8 pubmed
    In order to continue our previous studies concerning Geranium robertianum L...
  73. Li F, Jin X, Yao L, Dong C, Gong Y, Liu L. [Study on the dynamic variation of active components in Geranium carolinianum from different collection time]. Zhong Yao Cai. 2010;33:1545-8 pubmed
    To determine the contents of the active components, gallic acid and ellagic acid in Geranium carolinianum from different collection time and to define the best collection time for this herb.
  74. Sung Y, Yoon T, Yang W, Kim S, Kim H. Anti-obesity effects of Geranium thunbergii extract via improvement of lipid metabolism in high-fat diet-induced obese mice. Mol Med Rep. 2011;4:1107-13 pubmed publisher
    This study investigated the anti-obesity properties of an extract of Geranium thunbergii (GTE) in high-fat diet-induced obese mice...
  75. Braun S, Sanderson J, Wraight S. Larval Bradysia impatiens (Diptera: Sciaridae) potential for vectoring Pythium root rot pathogens. Phytopathology. 2012;102:283-9 pubmed publisher
    ..and P. ultimum Trow and transmit the pathogens to healthy geranium seedlings on a filter-paper substrate in petri dishes. The capacity of fungus gnat larvae to transmit P...
  76. Radulović N, Stojković M, Mitic S, Randjelović P, Ilić I, Stojanović N, et al. Exploitation of the antioxidant potential of Geranium macrorrhizum (Geraniaceae): hepatoprotective and antimicrobial activities. Nat Prod Commun. 2012;7:1609-14 pubmed
    ..antioxidant activities and antimicrobial properties of the extracts of the above- and underground parts of Geranium macrorrhizum L. (Geraniaceae), an ethnopharmacologically renowned plant species...
  77. Radulović N, Dekić M. Volatiles of Geranium purpureum Vill. and Geranium phaeum L.: chemotaxonomy of balkan Geranium and Erodium species (Geraniaceae). Chem Biodivers. 2013;10:2042-52 pubmed publisher
    The essential oils obtained by hydrodistillation of Geranium purpureum and G. phaeum were characterized by GC-FID and GC/MS analyses (the former for the first time in general). In total, 154 constituents were identified, accounting for 89...
  78. Manulis S, Chalupowicz L, Dror O, Kleitman F. Molecular diagnostic procedures for production of pathogen-free propagation material. Pest Manag Sci. 2002;58:1126-31 pubmed
    ..pathogens in Israel: Erwinia herbicola pv gypsophilae in gypsophila, Xanthomonas campestris pv pelargonii in geranium, Agrobacterium tumefaciens in asters and roses, and Xanthomonas campestris pv campestris in crucifers...
  79. Toshkova R, Nikolova N, Ivanova E, Ivancheva S, Serkedjieva J. In vitro investigation on the effect of a plant preparation with antiviral activity on the functions of mice phagocyte cells. Pharmazie. 2004;59:150-4 pubmed
    A polyphenol extract from the aerial roots of the medicinal plant Geranium sanguineum L...
  80. Holt K, Opit G, Nechols J, Margolies D. Testing for non-target effects of spinosad on twospotted spider mites and their predator Phytoseiulus persimilis under greenhouse conditions. Exp Appl Acarol. 2006;38:141-9 pubmed
    ..persimilis Athias-Henriot (Acari: Phytoseiidae) to control spider mites, was investigated in a crop of ivy geranium Pelargonium peltatum, cultivar 'Amethyst 96...
  81. Jurkstiene V, Kondrotas A, Kevelaitis E. [Immunostimulatory properties of bigroot geranium (Geranium macrorrhizum L.) extract]. Medicina (Kaunas). 2007;43:60-4 pubmed
    The aim of the study was to investigate the immunostimulatory properties of bigroot geranium.
  82. Zore G, Thakre A, Rathod V, Karuppayil S. Evaluation of anti-Candida potential of geranium oil constituents against clinical isolates of Candida albicans differentially sensitive to fluconazole: inhibition of growth, dimorphism and sensitization. Mycoses. 2011;54:e99-109 pubmed publisher
    ..n = 42) and efficacy as well as mechanism of anti-Candida activity of three constituents of geranium oil is evaluated in this study...
  83. Tuominen A, Toivonen E, Mutikainen P, Salminen J. Defensive strategies in Geranium sylvaticum. Part 1: organ-specific distribution of water-soluble tannins, flavonoids and phenolic acids. Phytochemistry. 2013;95:394-407 pubmed publisher
    ..water-soluble polyphenolic compounds in the pistils, stamens, petals, sepals, stems, leaves, roots and seeds of Geranium sylvaticum...
  84. Damgaard C, Mathiassen S, Kudsk P. Modeling effects of herbicide drift on the competitive interactions between weeds. Environ Toxicol Chem. 2008;27:1302-8 pubmed publisher
    ..interactions and plant community dynamics was investigated in a model system using Capsella bursa-pastoris and Geranium dissectum as test plants. Dose-response experiments on single species showed that compared to G. dissectum, C...
  85. Brendler T, van Wyk B. A historical, scientific and commercial perspective on the medicinal use of Pelargonium sidoides (Geraniaceae). J Ethnopharmacol. 2008;119:420-33 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim is to identify the main factors responsible for the success in product development...
  86. Soto J, Gomez C, Calzada F, Ramirez M. Ultrastructural changes on Entamoeba histolytica HM1-IMSS caused by the flavan-3-ol, (-)-epicatechin. Planta Med. 2010;76:611-2 pubmed publisher
    ..as the most important antiamoebic compound among the extracts from two medicinal plants: Rubus coriifolius and Geranium mexicanum...
  87. Reh D, Hur K, Merlo C. Efficacy of a topical sesame/rose geranium oil compound in patients with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia associated epistaxis. Laryngoscope. 2013;123:820-2 pubmed publisher
    Topical Sesame/Rose geranium oil compound is an effective therapy for hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) associated epistaxis.
  88. Pantev A, Ivancheva S, Staneva L, Serkedjieva J. Biologically active constituents of a polyphenol extract from Geranium sanguineum L. with anti-influenza activity. Z Naturforsch C. 2006;61:508-16 pubmed
    From the aerial roots of the medicinal plant Geranium sanguineum L. a polyphenol-rich extract with strong anti-influenza activity has been isolated...
  89. Liu Q, Jeong J, Choi E, Moon Y, Woo E. A new furofuran lignan from Geranium thunbergii Sieb. et Zucc. Arch Pharm Res. 2006;29:1109-13 pubmed
    ..with known lignans, kobusin (1), and 7,7'-dihydroxybursherenin (2), were isolated from the whole plant of Geranium thunbergii Sieb. et Zucc (Geraniaceae)...
  90. Gama Arachchige N, Baskin J, Geneve R, Baskin C. Identification and characterization of the water gap in physically dormant seeds of Geraniaceae, with special reference to Geranium carolinianum. Ann Bot. 2010;105:977-90 pubmed publisher
    ..The primary aim of this study was to re-evaluate the location of the water gap and to characterize its morphology and anatomy in physically dormant seeds of Geraniaceae, with particular reference to G. carolinianum...
  91. Ferreira F, Peixoto F, Nunes E, Sena C, Seica R, Santos M. "MitoTea": Geranium robertianum L. decoctions decrease blood glucose levels and improve liver mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation in diabetic Goto-Kakizaki rats. Acta Biochim Pol. 2010;57:399-402 pubmed
    ..In this context, we studied the effect of Geranium robertianum L. (herb Robert) leaf decoctions in Goto-Kakizaki (GK) rats, a model of type 2 diabetes...
  92. Dong W, Buck J. Effect of light on in vivo urediniospore germination, lesion development and sporulation of Puccinia hemerocallidis on daylily and Puccinia pelargoniizonalis on geranium. Mycologia. 2011;103:1277-83 pubmed publisher
    The presence of rusts of daylily and geranium caused respectively by Puccinia hemerocallidis and P. pelargoniizonalis can result in reduced value of these ornamental crops...