trifolium

Summary

Summary: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE.

Top Publications

  1. Wu H, Tang S, Zhang X, Guo J, Song Z, Tian S, et al. Using elevated CO2 to increase the biomass of a Sorghum vulgare x Sorghum vulgare var. sudanense hybrid and Trifolium pratense L. and to trigger hyperaccumulation of cesium. J Hazard Mater. 2009;170:861-70 pubmed publisher
    ..sudanense hybrid and Trifolium pratense L. growing on soils spiked with various levels of cesium (0, 300, 1500 and 3000 mg Cs kg(-1))...
  2. Kasparova M, Siatka T, Dusek J. Biotic elicitation of the Trifolium pratense L. suspension culture. Ceska Slov Farm. 2008;57:107-10 pubmed
    The important substances of secondary metabolism include flavonoids and isoflavonoids. The Trifolium pratense L...
  3. Lesker T, Rabenstein F, Maiss E. Molecular characterization of five betacryptoviruses infecting four clover species and dill. Arch Virol. 2013;158:1943-52 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results provide evidence for a distinct evolutionary lineage of dsRNA viruses of plants and fungi. ..
  4. Saviranta N, Julkunen Tiitto R, Oksanen E, Karjalainen R. Leaf phenolic compounds in red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) induced by exposure to moderately elevated ozone. Environ Pollut. 2010;158:440-6 pubmed publisher
    Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.), an important feed crop in many parts of the world, is exposed to elevated ozone over large areas. Plants can limit ozone-induced damages by various defence mechanisms...
  5. Krenn L, Paper D. Inhibition of angiogenesis and inflammation by an extract of red clover (Trifolium pratense L.). Phytomedicine. 2009;16:1083-8 pubmed publisher
    ..The results demonstrate that RCE is not only suitable for menopausal complaints, but might also be a powerful chemopreventive agent against chronic diseases e.g. which have a high incidence especially in elderly female. ..
  6. Mueller M, Hobiger S, Jungbauer A. Red clover extract: a source for substances that activate peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha and ameliorate the cytokine secretion profile of lipopolysaccharide-stimulated macrophages. Menopause. 2010;17:379-87 pubmed publisher
    ..Owing to its PPARalpha activation and modulation of the secreted cytokine profile, red clover extract is a putative candidate for preventing atherosclerosis and, thus, cardiovascular disease. ..
  7. Olsen K, Hsu S, Small L. Evidence on the molecular basis of the Ac/ac adaptive cyanogenesis polymorphism in white clover (Trifolium repens L). Genetics. 2008;179:517-26 pubmed publisher
    ..The nature of these polymorphisms may reflect white clover's evolutionary origin as an allotetraploid derived from cyanogenic and acyanogenic diploid progenitors...
  8. Weijschedé J, Martinkova J, de Kroon H, Huber H. Shade avoidance in Trifolium repens: costs and benefits of plasticity in petiole length and leaf size. New Phytol. 2006;172:655-66 pubmed
    ..Thirty-four Trifolium repens genotypes were used with a wide range of petiole lengths and leaf areas...
  9. Wang J, Drayton M, George J, Cogan N, Baillie R, Hand M, et al. Identification of genetic factors influencing salt stress tolerance in white clover (Trifolium repens L.) by QTL analysis. Theor Appl Genet. 2010;120:607-19 pubmed publisher
    Allotetraploid (2n = 4x = 32) white clover (Trifolium repens L.) is the most commonly cultivated legume component of temperate pastures, sown in swards with a companion grass species...

More Information

Publications75

  1. van Mölken T, Stuefer J. The potential of plant viruses to promote genotypic diversity via genotype x environment interactions. Ann Bot. 2011;107:1391-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The effects of White clover mosaic virus (WClMV) on the performance and development of different Trifolium repens genotypes were analysed and the G × E interactions were examined with respect to genotype-specific plant ..
  2. Temperton V, Mwangi P, Scherer Lorenzen M, Schmid B, Buchmann N. Positive interactions between nitrogen-fixing legumes and four different neighbouring species in a biodiversity experiment. Oecologia. 2007;151:190-205 pubmed
    ..The four phytometer species (Festuca pratensis, Plantago lanceolata, Knautia arvensis and Trifolium pratensis) each belonged to one of the four plant functional groups used in the experiment and allowed the ..
  3. Sabudak T, Guler N. Trifolium L.--a review on its phytochemical and pharmacological profile. Phytother Res. 2009;23:439-46 pubmed publisher
    Plants from the genus Trifolium have been used in traditional medicine by many cultures...
  4. Casey N, Milbourne D, Barth S, Febrer M, Jenkins G, Abberton M, et al. The genetic location of the self-incompatibility locus in white clover (Trifolium repens L.). Theor Appl Genet. 2010;121:567-76 pubmed publisher
    White clover (Trifolium repens L.) is a forage legume of considerable economic importance in temperate agricultural systems. It has a strong self-incompatibility system. The molecular basis of self-incompatibility in T...
  5. Winters A, Heywood S, Farrar K, Donnison I, Thomas A, Webb K. Identification of an extensive gene cluster among a family of PPOs in Trifolium pratense L. (red clover) using a large insert BAC library. BMC Plant Biol. 2009;9:94 pubmed publisher
    ..Molecular markers for a range of important agricultural traits are being developed for red clover and improved knowledge of PPO genes and their structure will facilitate molecular breeding...
  6. Oleszek W, Stochmal A, Janda B. Concentration of isoflavones and other phenolics in the aerial parts of Trifolium species. J Agric Food Chem. 2007;55:8095-100 pubmed
    Some species of the genus Trifolium are well-known for their content of isoflavones, which are natural compounds showing health-promoting activities...
  7. Lee B, Jin Y, Jung W, Avice J, Morvan Bertrand A, Ourry A, et al. Water-deficit accumulates sugars by starch degradation--not by de novo synthesis--in white clover leaves (Trifolium repens). Physiol Plant. 2008;134:403-11 pubmed publisher
    ..quantitative mobilization of recently fixed carbon or stored sugar during water-deficit in white clover (Trifolium repens L.). Water-deficient gradually decreased leaf-water parameters and total amount of recently fixed carbon...
  8. Robledo M, Velázquez E, Ramírez Bahena M, García Fraile P, Pérez Alonso A, Rivas R, et al. The celC gene, a new phylogenetic marker useful for taxonomic studies in Rhizobium. Syst Appl Microbiol. 2011;34:393-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Consequently, the taxonomic status of several strains of the genus Rhizobium with completely sequenced genomes is also discussed...
  9. Vollsnes A, Eriksen A, Otterholt E, Kvaal K, Oxaal U, Futsaether C. Visible foliar injury and infrared imaging show that daylength affects short-term recovery after ozone stress in Trifolium subterraneum. J Exp Bot. 2009;60:3677-86 pubmed publisher
    ..However, the effects of the dim light present during northern summer nights have not been investigated. Young Trifolium subterraneum plants kept in environmentally controlled growth rooms under long day (10 h bright light, 14 h dim ..
  10. George J, Sawbridge T, Cogan N, Gendall A, Smith K, Spangenberg G, et al. Comparison of genome structure between white clover and Medicago truncatula supports homoeologous group nomenclature based on conserved synteny. Genome. 2008;51:905-11 pubmed publisher
    Computational analysis has been used to align the genetic map of white clover (Trifolium repens L.) with the draft genome sequence of the model legume species Medicago truncatula Gaertn...
  11. Rochester J, Klasing K, Stevenson L, Denison M, Berry W, Millam J. Dietary red clover (Trifolium pratense) induces oviduct growth and decreases ovary and testes growth in Japanese quail chicks. Reprod Toxicol. 2009;27:63-71 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, phytoestrogens may affect reproductive development in wild birds, and environmental stressors may influence levels of phytoestrogens in the field...
  12. Overk C, Guo J, Chadwick L, Lantvit D, Minassi A, Appendino G, et al. In vivo estrogenic comparisons of Trifolium pratense (red clover) Humulus lupulus (hops), and the pure compounds isoxanthohumol and 8-prenylnaringenin. Chem Biol Interact. 2008;176:30-9 pubmed publisher
    ..The lack of a safe and reliable alternative to hormone therapy (HT) for treating menopausal symptoms underscores the need for alternative therapies...
  13. Sato S, Isobe S, Asamizu E, Ohmido N, Kataoka R, Nakamura Y, et al. Comprehensive structural analysis of the genome of red clover (Trifolium pratense L.). DNA Res. 2005;12:301-64 pubmed
    ..basic knowledge and resources needed for applied genetics, we investigated the genome structure of red clover Trifolium pratense L. by a combination of cytological, genomic and genetic approaches...
  14. Powles T, Howell A, Evans D, McCloskey E, Ashley S, Greenhalgh R, et al. Red clover isoflavones are safe and well tolerated in women with a family history of breast cancer. Menopause Int. 2008;14:6-12 pubmed publisher
  15. Raffl C, Holderegger R, Parson W, Erschbamer B. Patterns in genetic diversity of Trifolium pallescens populations do not reflect chronosequence on alpine glacier forelands. Heredity (Edinb). 2008;100:526-32 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, we analysed the development of genetic diversity with time for populations of Trifolium pallescens along successional series (chronosequences) on three parallel glacier forelands in the European Alps, ..
  16. Lopareva Pohu A, Verdin A, Garçon G, Lounès Hadj Sahraoui A, Pourrut B, Debiane D, et al. Influence of fly ash aided phytostabilisation of Pb, Cd and Zn highly contaminated soils on Lolium perenne and Trifolium repens metal transfer and physiological stress. Environ Pollut. 2011;159:1721-9 pubmed publisher
    ..years after Coal Fly Ash (CFA) soil amendment, MTE bioavailability and uptake by two plants, Lolium perenne and Trifolium repens, were evaluated, as some biological markers reflecting physiological stress...
  17. Ludlow E, Mouradov A, Spangenberg G. Post-transcriptional gene silencing as an efficient tool for engineering resistance to white clover mosaic virus in white clover (Trifolium repens). J Plant Physiol. 2009;166:1557-67 pubmed publisher
  18. Thomas R, Hay M. Existing branches correlatively inhibit further branching in Trifolium repens: possible mechanisms. J Exp Bot. 2011;62:1027-36 pubmed publisher
    In Trifolium repens removal of any number of existing branches distal to a nodal root stimulates development of axillary buds further along the stem such that the complement of branches distal to a nodal root remains constant...
  19. Mehdi Khanlou K, Van Bockstaele E. A critique of widely used normalization software tools and an alternative method to identify reliable reference genes in red clover (Trifolium pratense L.). Planta. 2012;236:1381-93 pubmed publisher
    ..GAPDH and SAND showed relatively low stability in expression study of red clover. When all tested tissues were considered, we observed that YLS8 and UBC2 showed remarkable stability in their expression level across tissues...
  20. Circosta C, De Pasquale R, Palumbo D, Samperi S, Occhiuto F. Effects of isoflavones from red clover (Trifolium pratense) on skin changes induced by ovariectomy in rats. Phytother Res. 2006;20:1096-9 pubmed
    ..The amount of collagen significantly increased in the treated group in comparison with the control group. These findings suggest that red clover isoflavones are effective in reducing skin aging induced by estrogen deprivation...
  21. Unsicker S, Baer N, Kahmen A, Wagner M, Buchmann N, Weisser W. Invertebrate herbivory along a gradient of plant species diversity in extensively managed grasslands. Oecologia. 2006;150:233-46 pubmed
    ..Herbivory was measured in transects through the plant communities, and in individuals of Plantago lanceolata and Trifolium pratense that were transplanted into each meadow...
  22. Bizzarri M, Prabhakar A, Bishop A. Multiple-locus sequence typing analysis of Bacillus thuringiensis recovered from the phylloplane of clover (Trifolium hybridum) in vegetative form. Microb Ecol. 2008;55:619-25 pubmed
    ..had been recovered in vegetative form over a period of several months from the leaves of a small plot of clover (Trifolium hybridum)...
  23. Thomas R, Hay M. Regulation of shoot branching patterns by the basal root system: towards a predictive model. J Exp Bot. 2008;59:1163-73 pubmed publisher
    ..in nodally rooting perennial prostrate-stemmed species using knowledge gained from physiological studies of Trifolium repens...
  24. Maj D, Wielbo J, Marek Kozaczuk M, Martyniuk S, Skorupska A. Pretreatment of clover seeds with nod factors improves growth and nodulation of Trifolium pratense. J Chem Ecol. 2009;35:479-87 pubmed publisher
  25. Lee B, Kim K, Jung W, Avice J, Ourry A, Kim T. Peroxidases and lignification in relation to the intensity of water-deficit stress in white clover (Trifolium repens L.). J Exp Bot. 2007;58:1271-9 pubmed
    ..enzymes responsible for lignification and the related physiological parameters were determined in white clover (Trifolium repens L.) leaves during 28 d of water deficit treatment...
  26. Kigathi R, Unsicker S, Reichelt M, Kesselmeier J, Gershenzon J, Weisser W. Emission of volatile organic compounds after herbivory from Trifolium pratense (L.) under laboratory and field conditions. J Chem Ecol. 2009;35:1335-48 pubmed publisher
    ..We studied the emission of volatiles by Trifolium pratense (red clover) under both laboratory and field conditions...
  27. Isobe S, Nakaya A, Tabata S. Genotype matrix mapping: searching for quantitative trait loci interactions in genetic variation in complex traits. DNA Res. 2007;14:217-25 pubmed
    ..The results indicated there were multiple QTL interactions affecting the phenotype (flowering date). GMM will be a valuable approach to identify QTL interactions in genetic variation of a complex trait within a variety of organisms...
  28. Schmitz G, Sullivan M, Hatfield R. Three polyphenol oxidases from red clover (Trifolium pratense) differ in enzymatic activities and activation properties. J Agric Food Chem. 2008;56:272-80 pubmed
    ..cause browning reactions in many wounded fruits, vegetables, and plants including the forage crop red clover (Trifolium pratense L.)...
  29. Christophe A, Moulia B, Varlet Grancher C. Quantitative contributions of blue light and PAR to the photocontrol of plant morphogenesis in Trifolium repens (L.). J Exp Bot. 2006;57:2379-90 pubmed
    ..White clover (Trifolium repens L...
  30. del Giorno C, Fonseca A, Bagnoli V, Assis J, Soares J, Baracat E. Effects of Trifolium pratense on the climacteric and sexual symptoms in postmenopause women. Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992). 2010;56:558-62 pubmed
    To evaluate the effects of treatment with Trifolium pratense on climacteric symptoms and sexual satisfaction in postmenopausal women.
  31. Abogadallah G, Nada R, Malinowski R, Quick P. Overexpression of HARDY, an AP2/ERF gene from Arabidopsis, improves drought and salt tolerance by reducing transpiration and sodium uptake in transgenic Trifolium alexandrinum L. Planta. 2011;233:1265-76 pubmed publisher
    b>Trifolium alexandrinum L. was transformed with the Arabidopsis HARDY gene that belongs to the stress-related AP2/ERF (APETALA2/ethylene responsive element binding factors) superfamily of transcription factors...
  32. Mu H, Bai Y, Wang S, Zhu Z, Zhang Y. Research on antioxidant effects and estrogenic effect of formononetin from Trifolium pratense (red clover). Phytomedicine. 2009;16:314-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Formononetin had obvious antioxidant effects and estrogenic effect, and the estrogenic effect was not dosage-related...
  33. Chen H, Wang X, Jin Z, Xu X, Zhao J, Xie Z. Protective effect of isoflavones from Trifolium pratense on dopaminergic neurons. Neurosci Res. 2008;62:123-30 pubmed publisher
    ..study, protective effect of five isoflavones (formononetin, daidzein, pratensein, calycosin and irilone) from Trifolium pratense on lipopolysaccharide-induced dopaminergic neurodegeneration was studied for the first time...
  34. Ansari H, Ellison N, Williams W. Molecular and cytogenetic evidence for an allotetraploid origin of Trifolium dubium (Leguminosae). Chromosoma. 2008;117:159-67 pubmed
    Suckling clover, Trifolium dubium Sibth., is a European grassland legume that has spread to many parts of the world. The present work shows that it is an allotetraploid (2n = 4x = 30) combining the genomes of T. campestre Schreb...
  35. Hand M, Cogan N, Sawbridge T, Spangenberg G, Forster J. Comparison of homoeolocus organisation in paired BAC clones from white clover (Trifolium repens L.) and microcolinearity with model legume species. BMC Plant Biol. 2010;10:94 pubmed publisher
    White clover (Trifolium repens L.) is an outbreeding allotetraploid species and an important forage legume in temperate grassland agriculture...
  36. Du J, Yu F, Alpert P, Dong M. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi reduce effects of physiological integration in Trifolium repens. Ann Bot. 2009;104:335-44 pubmed publisher
    ..Since AMF are likely to reduce contrasts in effective resource levels, they could also reduce these effects of clonal integration on plasticity and performance in heterogeneous environments...
  37. Kaimoyo E, Farag M, Sumner L, Wasmann C, Cuello J, VanEtten H. Sub-lethal levels of electric current elicit the biosynthesis of plant secondary metabolites. Biotechnol Prog. 2008;24:377-84 pubmed publisher
    ..of fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum), barrel medic, (Medicago truncatula), Arabidopsis thaliana, red clover (Trifolium pratense) and chickpea (Cicer arietinum) also produced increased levels of secondary metabolites in response to ..
  38. Pakalapati G, Li L, Gretz N, Koch E, Wink M. Influence of red clover (Trifolium pratense) isoflavones on gene and protein expression profiles in liver of ovariectomized rats. Phytomedicine. 2009;16:845-55 pubmed publisher
    Isoflavones such as genistein, biochanin A, formononetin, and glycetin are fairly abundant in red clover (Trifolium pratense, Fabaceae) and show estrogenic, antioxidant and hypolipidemic activities...
  39. Simoncini T, Garibaldi S, Fu X, Pisaneschi S, Begliuomini S, Baldacci C, et al. Effects of phytoestrogens derived from red clover on atherogenic adhesion molecules in human endothelial cells. Menopause. 2008;15:542-50 pubmed publisher
    ..Recent evidence suggests that these compounds may act neutrally or even beneficially on surrogate cardiovascular risk markers in postmenopausal women. However, little is known of the effects of phytoestrogens on vascular cells...
  40. Zgórka G. Studies on phytoestrogenic and nonphytoestrogenic compounds in Trifolium incarnatum L. and other clover species using pressurized liquid extraction and high performance column liquid chromatography with photodiode-array and fluorescence detection. J AOAC Int. 2011;94:22-31 pubmed
    ..nonphytoestrogenic (flavones) compounds in hydrolyzed and nonhydrolyzed extracts obtained from aerial parts of Trifolium incarnatum L. and related clover species...
  41. Cai Z, Guisinger M, Kim H, Ruck E, Blazier J, McMurtry V, et al. Extensive reorganization of the plastid genome of Trifolium subterraneum (Fabaceae) is associated with numerous repeated sequences and novel DNA insertions. J Mol Evol. 2008;67:696-704 pubmed publisher
    The plastid genome of Trifolium subterraneum is 144,763 bp, about 20 kb longer than those of closely related legumes, which also lost one copy of the large inverted repeat (IR)...
  42. Piraino F, Aina R, Palin L, Prato N, Sgorbati S, Santagostino A, et al. Air quality biomonitoring: assessment of air pollution genotoxicity in the Province of Novara (North Italy) by using Trifolium repens L. and molecular markers. Sci Total Environ. 2006;372:350-9 pubmed
    Mixed air pollutants are considered a major cause of DNA damage in living species. In this study Trifolium repens L. cv Regal was used as a bioindicator to assess the genotoxicity of air stressors in the Italian province of Novara...
  43. Coon J, Pittler M, Ernst E. Trifolium pratense isoflavones in the treatment of menopausal hot flushes: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Phytomedicine. 2007;14:153-9 pubmed
    To critically assess the evidence of supplements containing Trifolium pratense (red clover) isoflavones in the reduction of hot flush frequency in menopausal women.
  44. Zhang Y, Sledge M, Bouton J. Genome mapping of white clover (Trifolium repens L.) and comparative analysis within the Trifolieae using cross-species SSR markers. Theor Appl Genet. 2007;114:1367-78 pubmed
    Allotetraploid white clover (Trifolium repens L.), a cool-season perennial legume used extensively as forage for livestock, is an important target for marker-assisted breeding...
  45. George J, Dobrowolski M, van Zijll de Jong E, Cogan N, Smith K, Forster J. Assessment of genetic diversity in cultivars of white clover (Trifolium repens L.) detected by SSR polymorphisms. Genome. 2006;49:919-30 pubmed
    White clover (Trifolium repens L.) is an important temperate pasture legume that plays a key role as a companion to grass species, such as perennial ryegrass (Lolium perenne L.)...
  46. Hancock K, Collette V, Fraser K, Greig M, Xue H, Richardson K, et al. Expression of the R2R3-MYB transcription factor TaMYB14 from Trifolium arvense activates proanthocyanidin biosynthesis in the legumes Trifolium repens and Medicago sativa. Plant Physiol. 2012;159:1204-20 pubmed publisher
    ..However, the main forage legumes grown in these systems, such as Trifolium repens and Medicago sativa, do not contain any substantial amounts of PAs in leaves...
  47. Zhang J, Cheng G, Yu F, Kräuchi N, Li M. Intensity and importance of competition for a grass (Festuca rubra) and a legume (Trifolium pratense) vary with environmental changes. J Integr Plant Biol. 2008;50:1570-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Festuca rubra and Trifolium pratense were grown in monoculture and in two- and/or three-species mixtures under three environmental ..
  48. Jin C, He Y, Tang C, Wu P, Zheng S. Mechanisms of microbially enhanced Fe acquisition in red clover (Trifolium pratense L.). Plant Cell Environ. 2006;29:888-97 pubmed
    ..Based on these observations, we propose as a model that root exudates from -Fe plants selectively influence the rhizosphere microbial community, and the microbes in turn favour plant Fe acquisition by producing siderophores and auxins...
  49. Hay F, Smith R, Ellis R, Butler L. Developmental changes in the germinability, desiccation tolerance, hardseededness, and longevity of individual seeds of Trifolium ambiguum. Ann Bot. 2010;105:1035-52 pubmed publisher
    Using two parental clones of outcrossing Trifolium ambiguum as a potential model system, we examined how during seed development the maternal parent, number of seeds per pod, seed position within the pod, and pod position within the ..
  50. Thomas R, Hay M. Cumulative activation of axillary buds by nodal roots in Trifolium repens L. J Exp Bot. 2007;58:2069-78 pubmed
    In Trifolium repens the rate of outgrowth of an axillary bud was closely correlated with its duration of exposure to a nearby nodal root...
  51. Zgórka G. Pressurized liquid extraction versus other extraction techniques in micropreparative isolation of pharmacologically active isoflavones from Trifolium L. species. Talanta. 2009;79:46-53 pubmed publisher
    ..and determination of phytoestrogenic isoflavones in hydrolyzed extracts obtained from aerial parts of five Trifolium L. (clover) species...
  52. Kooyers N, Olsen K. Rapid evolution of an adaptive cyanogenesis cline in introduced North American white clover (Trifolium repens L.). Mol Ecol. 2012;21:2455-68 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results provide strong evidence for rapid adaptive evolution in these introduced populations, and they further suggest that the mechanisms maintaining adaptive variation may vary among populations of a species...
  53. Occhiuto F, Pasquale R, Guglielmo G, Palumbo D, Zangla G, Samperi S, et al. Effects of phytoestrogenic isoflavones from red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) on experimental osteoporosis. Phytother Res. 2007;21:130-4 pubmed
    ..Plant extracts, which contain high levels of isoflavones, such as Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.), have been used to reduce menopausal symptoms...
  54. Febrer M, Cheung F, Town C, Cannon S, Young N, Abberton M, et al. Construction, characterization, and preliminary BAC-end sequencing analysis of a bacterial artificial chromosome library of white clover (Trifolium repens L.). Genome. 2007;50:412-21 pubmed
    White clover (Trifolium repens L.) is a forage legume widely used in combination with grass in pastures because of its ability to fix nitrogen...
  55. Gao Y, Shen Q, Ling W, Ren L. Uptake of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons by Trifolium pretense L. from water in the presence of a nonionic surfactant. Chemosphere. 2008;72:636-43 pubmed publisher
    ..Tween 80 at the test concentrations did not show any apparent phytotoxity toward the growth of red clover (Trifolium pretense L.). At concentrations generally lower than 13...
  56. Wielbo J, Skorupska A. Influence of phosphate and ammonia on the growth, exopolysaccharide production and symbiosis of Rhizobium leguminosarum bv. trifolii TA1 with clover (Trifolium pratense). Acta Biol Hung. 2008;59:115-27 pubmed publisher
    ..We investigated the effect of Pi and ammonia concentration on exopolysaccharide production and symbiosis Trifolium pratense with Rhizobium leguminosarum bv. trifolii TA1 (RtTA1)...
  57. Saviranta N, Julkunen Tiitto R, Oksanen E, Karjalainen R. Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) isoflavones: root phenolic compounds affected by biotic and abiotic stress factors. J Sci Food Agric. 2010;90:418-23 pubmed publisher
    ..Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) is a rich source of isoflavonoids with multiple potential protective functions...
  58. Hand M, Ponting R, Drayton M, Lawless K, Cogan N, Charles Brummer E, et al. Identification of homologous, homoeologous and paralogous sequence variants in an outbreeding allopolyploid species based on comparison with progenitor taxa. Mol Genet Genomics. 2008;280:293-304 pubmed publisher
    ..Previous in vitro gene-associated SNP discovery studies in the allotetraploid forage legume white clover (Trifolium repens L.) were vulnerable to such effects, leading to prohibitive levels of attrition during SNP validation...
  59. Isobe S, Kölliker R, Hisano H, Sasamoto S, Wada T, Klimenko I, et al. Construction of a consensus linkage map for red clover (Trifolium pratense L.). BMC Plant Biol. 2009;9:57 pubmed publisher
    Red clover (Trifolium pratense L.) is a major forage legume that has a strong self-incompatibility system and exhibits high genetic diversity within populations...
  60. Occhiuto F, Zangla G, Samperi S, Palumbo D, Pino A, De Pasquale R, et al. The phytoestrogenic isoflavones from Trifolium pratense L. (Red clover) protects human cortical neurons from glutamate toxicity. Phytomedicine. 2008;15:676-82 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings indicate that IEF has a neuroprotective effect in human cortical neurons and that this effect might be resulted from his antioxidant and estrogenic actions...
  61. Lin V, Ding H, Tsai P, Wu J, Lu Y, Chang T. In vitro and in vivo melanogenesis inhibition by biochanin A from Trifolium pratense. Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2011;75:914-8 pubmed
    Our previous study showed that a methanol extract from Trifolium pratense exerted potent inhibitory activity on melanogenesis in mouse B16 melanoma cells...
  62. Williams W, Verry I, Ansari H, Hussain S, Ullah I, Williamson M, et al. Eco-geographically divergent diploids, Caucasian clover (Trifolium ambiguum) and western clover (T. occidentale), retain most requirements for hybridization. Ann Bot. 2011;108:1269-77 pubmed publisher
    DNA sequence similarities and hybridization patterns in Trifolium (clovers) section Trifoliastrum suggest that rapid radiation from a common ancestral source led to this complex of diverse species distributed across Europe, western Asia ..
  63. Cogan N, Abberton M, Smith K, Kearney G, Marshall A, Williams A, et al. Individual and multi-environment combined analyses identify QTLs for morphogenetic and reproductive development traits in white clover (Trifolium repens L.). Theor Appl Genet. 2006;112:1401-15 pubmed
    White clover (Trifolium repens L.) is a key component legume of temperate pasture agriculture and an important target for molecular marker-assisted plant breeding...
  64. Gleadow R, Edwards E, Evans J. Changes in nutritional value of cyanogenic trifolium repens grown at elevated atmospheric CO2. J Chem Ecol. 2009;35:476-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we examined the direct effect of atmospheric carbon dioxide on the toxicity of the important pasture crop, Trifolium repens L. (clover). Shoots of T...
  65. Thomas R, Hay M. Axillary bud outgrowth potential is determined by parent apical bud activity. J Exp Bot. 2009;60:4275-85 pubmed publisher
    ..Using two species of prostrate nodally-rooting herbs, dicotyledonous Trifolium repens and monocotyledonous Tradescantia fluminensis, grown throughout in a strictly vegetative state, this ..
  66. Griffiths A, Barrett B, Simon D, Khan A, Bickerstaff P, Anderson C, et al. An integrated genetic linkage map for white clover (Trifolium repens L.) with alignment to Medicago. BMC Genomics. 2013;14:388 pubmed publisher
    White clover (Trifolium repens L.) is a temperate forage legume with an allotetraploid genome (2n=4×=32) estimated at 1093 Mb...