tamarindus

Summary

Summary: A plant genus of the family FABACEAE known for its sour fruit.

Top Publications

  1. Kumar C, Bhattacharya S. Tamarind seed: properties, processing and utilization. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2008;48:1-20 pubmed publisher
  2. Sudjaroen Y, Haubner R, Wurtele G, Hull W, Erben G, Spiegelhalder B, et al. Isolation and structure elucidation of phenolic antioxidants from Tamarind (Tamarindus indica L.) seeds and pericarp. Food Chem Toxicol. 2005;43:1673-82 pubmed
    Although it is already known that Tamarind (Tamarindus indica L.) seeds contain phenolic substances, the individual components of the seeds have not been fully identified and quantitated, and in the case of Tamarind pericarp not reported...
  3. Sumathi S, Ray A. Release behaviour of drugs from tamarind seed polysaccharide tablets. J Pharm Pharm Sci. 2002;5:12-8 pubmed
    ..The mechanism of release due to effect of diluents was found to be anomalous. The rate of release of drug decreased on partial cross-linking and the mechanism of release was found to be super case II...
  4. Ushanandini S, Nagaraju S, Harish Kumar K, Vedavathi M, Machiah D, Kemparaju K, et al. The anti-snake venom properties of Tamarindus indica (leguminosae) seed extract. Phytother Res. 2006;20:851-8 pubmed
    ..The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of Tamarindus indica seed extract on the pharmacological as well as the enzymatic effects induced by V. russelli venom...
  5. Sauther M, Cuozzo F. The impact of fallback foods on wild ring-tailed lemur biology: a comparison of intact and anthropogenically disturbed habitats. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2009;140:671-86 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we argue that fruit of the tamarind tree (Tamarindus indica) qualifies as a fallback food of ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta) at the Beza Mahafaly Special Reserve (..
  6. Dey S, Swarup D, Saxena A, Dan A. In vivo efficacy of tamarind (Tamarindus indica) fruit extract on experimental fluoride exposure in rats. Res Vet Sci. 2011;91:422-5 pubmed publisher
    The study was undertaken to determine the efficacy of hydro-methanolic (1:1) extract of tamarind (Tamarindus indica L.) fruit pulp in removing body fluoride burden. Thirty rats were divided into five groups...
  7. Rao D, Gowda L. Abundant class III acidic chitinase homologue in tamarind (Tamarindus indica) seed serves as the major storage protein. J Agric Food Chem. 2008;56:2175-82 pubmed publisher
    ..Electrophoretic analysis of the seed proteins of tamarind ( Tamarindus indica L...
  8. Shahraki M, Harati M, Shahraki A. Prevention of high fructose-induced metabolic syndrome in male wistar rats by aqueous extract of Tamarindus indica seed. Acta Med Iran. 2011;49:277-83 pubmed
    b>Tamarindus indica is used as a traditional treatment for diabetes...
  9. Useh N, Nok A, Ambali S, Esievo K. The inhibition of Clostridium chauvoei (jakari strain) neuraminidase activity by methanolic extracts of the stem barks of Tamarindus indicus and Combretum fragrans. J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem. 2004;19:339-42 pubmed
    ..Extracts of two medicinal plants, Tamarindus indicus and Combretum fragrans at 100-1000 microg/ml, both significantly reduced the activity of the enzyme in a ..

More Information

Publications85

  1. Sivasankar V, Ramachandramoorthy T, Chandramohan A. Fluoride removal from water using activated and MnO2-coated Tamarind Fruit (Tamarindus indica) shell: batch and column studies. J Hazard Mater. 2010;177:719-29 pubmed publisher
    ..The Thomson model was applied to the column experimental results. The characterization of the sorbents, ATFS and MTFS, was done using the FTIR, SEM and XRD techniques...
  2. Iftekhar A, Rayhan I, Quadir M, Akhteruzzaman S, Hasnat A. Effect of Tamarindus indica fruits on blood pressure and lipid-profile in human model: an in vivo approach. Pak J Pharm Sci. 2006;19:125-9 pubmed
    Fruits of Tamarindus indica were evaluated for their effects on lipid profile, systolic and diastolic blood pressure and body weight in human subjects. Dried and pulverized pulp of T...
  3. Muthu S, Nandakumar S, Rao U. The effect of methanolic extract of Tamarindus indica Linn. on the growth of clinical isolates of Burkholderia pseudomallei. Indian J Med Res. 2005;122:525-8 pubmed
    ..The leaf extracts of Tamarindus indica, Lawsonia inermis, and Hibiscus rosa-sinensis, the rhizome extracts of Curcuma longa and the seeds of ..
  4. Paula F, Kabeya L, Kanashiro A, de Figueiredo A, Azzolini A, Uyemura S, et al. Modulation of human neutrophil oxidative metabolism and degranulation by extract of Tamarindus indica L. fruit pulp. Food Chem Toxicol. 2009;47:163-70 pubmed publisher
    The tamarind (Tamarindus indica L.) is indigenous to Asian countries and widely cultivated in the American continents...
  5. Havinga R, Hartl A, Putscher J, Prehsler S, Buchmann C, Vogl C. Tamarindus indica L. (Fabaceae): patterns of use in traditional African medicine. J Ethnopharmacol. 2010;127:573-88 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Tamarindus indica L...
  6. Aengwanich W, Suttajit M. Effect of polyphenols extracted from Tamarind (Tamarindus indica L.) seed coat on physiological changes, heterophil/lymphocyte ratio, oxidative stress and body weight of broilers (Gallus domesticus) under chronic heat stress. Anim Sci J. 2010;81:264-70 pubmed publisher
    The aim of this experiment was to determine the effect of polyphenols extracted from tamarind (Tamarindus indica L...
  7. Raimondi L, Lodovici M, Guglielmi F, Banchelli G, Ciuffi M, Boldrini E, et al. The polysaccharide from Tamarindus indica (TS-polysaccharide) protects cultured corneal-derived cells (SIRC cells) from ultraviolet rays. J Pharm Pharmacol. 2003;55:333-8 pubmed
    ..We propose a protective role of the polysaccharide in reducing UV-B derived DNA damage to eye cells. This finding could be of some clinical importance when the polysaccharide is used as a delivery system for ophthalmic preparations...
  8. Ranjan R, Swarup D, Patra R, Chandra V. Tamarindus indica L. and Moringa oleifera M. extract administration ameliorates fluoride toxicity in rabbits. Indian J Exp Biol. 2009;47:900-5 pubmed
    ..Preliminary results revealed these plant extracts have some potential to mitigate fluoride toxicity...
  9. Chong U, Abdul Rahman P, Abdul Aziz A, Hashim O, Junit S. Tamarindus indica extract alters release of alpha enolase, apolipoprotein A-I, transthyretin and Rab GDP dissociation inhibitor beta from HepG2 cells. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e39476 pubmed publisher
    The plasma cholesterol and triacylglycerol lowering effects of Tamarindus indica extract have been previously described. We have also shown that the methanol extract of T...
  10. Imam S, Azhar I, Hasan M, Ali M, Ahmed S. Two triterpenes lupanone and lupeol isolated and identified from Tamarindus indica linn. Pak J Pharm Sci. 2007;20:125-7 pubmed
    b>Tamarindus indica, a useful medicinal plant was subjected to phytochemical investigation. Two triterpenes (lupanone and lupeol) have been isolated from the leaves of this plant...
  11. Khalid S, Shaik Mossadeq W, Israf D, Hashim P, Rejab S, Shaberi A, et al. In vivo analgesic effect of aqueous extract of Tamarindus indica L. fruits. Med Princ Pract. 2010;19:255-9 pubmed publisher
    To study the effects of Tamarindus indica L. aqueous fruit extract on the antinociceptive activities in rodent models.
  12. Nwodo U, Iroegbu C, Ngene A, Chigor V, Okoh A. Effects of fractionation and combinatorial evaluation of Tamarindus indica fractions for antibacterial activity. Molecules. 2011;16:4818-27 pubmed publisher
    Six fractions, named TiA - TiF, were obtained by fractionating the crude ethanol extract of the stem bark of Tamarindus indica using column chromatographic techniques...
  13. Komutarin T, Azadi S, Butterworth L, Keil D, Chitsomboon B, Suttajit M, et al. Extract of the seed coat of Tamarindus indica inhibits nitric oxide production by murine macrophages in vitro and in vivo. Food Chem Toxicol. 2004;42:649-58 pubmed
    The seed coat extract of Tamarindus indica, a polyphenolic flavonoid, has been shown to have antioxidant properties. The present studies investigated the inhibitory effect of the seed coat extract of T...
  14. Maiti R, Jana D, Das U, Ghosh D. Antidiabetic effect of aqueous extract of seed of Tamarindus indica in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. J Ethnopharmacol. 2004;92:85-91 pubmed
    ..In recent years, plants are being effectively tried in a variety of pathophysiological states. Tamarindus indica Linn. is one of them. In the present study, aqueous extract of seed of Tamarindus indica Linn...
  15. Fook J, Macedo L, Moura G, Teixeira F, Oliveira A, Queiroz A, et al. A serine proteinase inhibitor isolated from Tamarindus indica seeds and its effects on the release of human neutrophil elastase. Life Sci. 2005;76:2881-91 pubmed
    ..high inhibitory activities against human neutrophil elastase (HNE) were found in seeds of the Tamarind tree (Tamarindus indica)...
  16. Martinello F, Soares S, Franco J, Santos A, Sugohara A, Garcia S, et al. Hypolipemic and antioxidant activities from Tamarindus indica L. pulp fruit extract in hypercholesterolemic hamsters. Food Chem Toxicol. 2006;44:810-8 pubmed
    ..The present study addressed the effects of the crude extract from the pulp fruit of Tamarindus indica L...
  17. Landi Librandi A, Chrysóstomo T, Azzolini A, Recchia C, Uyemura S, de Assis Pandochi A. Effect of the extract of the tamarind (Tamarindus indica) fruit on the complement system: studies in vitro and in hamsters submitted to a cholesterol-enriched diet. Food Chem Toxicol. 2007;45:1487-95 pubmed
    This work evaluated a crude hydroalcoholic extract (ExT) from the pulp of the tamarind (Tamarindus indica) fruit as a source of compounds active on the complement system (CS) in vitro...
  18. Shivshankar P, Shyamala Devi C. Evaluation of co-stimulatory effects of Tamarindus indica L. on MNU-induced colonic cell proliferation. Food Chem Toxicol. 2004;42:1237-44 pubmed
    ..Here we have investigated the role of the fruit pulp of Tamarindus indica L...
  19. Marcus S, Verhertbruggen Y, Herve C, Ordaz Ortiz J, Farkas V, Pedersen H, et al. Pectic homogalacturonan masks abundant sets of xyloglucan epitopes in plant cell walls. BMC Plant Biol. 2008;8:60 pubmed publisher
    ..Xyloglucan is the major hemicellulose or cross-linking glycan of the primary cell walls of dicotyledons although little is known of its occurrence or functions in relation to cell development and cell wall microstructure...
  20. Maiti R, Das U, Ghosh D. Attenuation of hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats by aqueous extract of seed of Tamarindus indica. Biol Pharm Bull. 2005;28:1172-6 pubmed
    ..Aqueous extract of seed of Tamarindus indica was given to MD and SD rats at the dose of 80 mg and 120 mg/0...
  21. Uccello Barretta G, Nazzi S, Balzano F, Sansò M. A nuclear magnetic resonance approach to the comparison of mucoadhesive properties of polysaccharides for ophthalmic uses. Int J Pharm. 2011;406:78-83 pubmed publisher
    ..Polysaccharide to mucin affinities were compared by using ketotifen fumarate as low molecular weight interaction probe. Proton selective relaxation rate measurements revealed enhanced affinity of TSP to mucin with respect to AG. ..
  22. Cerclier C, Cousin F, Bizot H, Moreau C, Cathala B. Elaboration of spin-coated cellulose-xyloglucan multilayered thin films. Langmuir. 2010;26:17248-55 pubmed publisher
    ..The results are discussed in relation to the role of XG in the plant cell wall. ..
  23. Nwodo U, Ngene A, Anaga A, Chigor V, Henrietta I, Okoh A. Acute toxicity and hepatotoxicokinetic studies of Tamarindus indica extract. Molecules. 2011;16:7415-27 pubmed publisher
    b>Tamarindus indica is widely used as a food and beverage and in traditional medicine. The apparent lack of dose standardization in herbal medicine necessitates the evaluation of the lethality T...
  24. Kaur H, Yadav S, Ahuja M, Dilbaghi N. Synthesis, characterization and evaluation of thiolated tamarind seed polysaccharide as a mucoadhesive polymer. Carbohydr Polym. 2012;90:1543-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Further, the gels containing tamarind seed polysaccharide and thiolated tamarind seed polysaccharide released the drug by Fickian-diffusion following the first-order and Higuchi's-square root release kinetics, respectively. ..
  25. Sharma K, Upreti N, Sharma S, Sharma S. Protective effect of Spirulina and tamarind fruit pulp diet supplement in fish (Gambusia affinis Baird & Girard) exposed to sublethal concentration of fluoride, aluminum and aluminum fluoride. Indian J Exp Biol. 2012;50:897-903 pubmed
    ..Diet supplements reduced toxicity of tested chemicals, especially when Spirulina and tamarind were given together. ..
  26. Kulkarni G, Gowthamarajan K, Dhobe R, Yohanan F, Suresh B. Development of controlled release spheroids using natural polysaccharide as release modifier. Drug Deliv. 2005;12:201-6 pubmed
    A polysaccharide hydrogel was isolated from the seeds of Tamarindus indica (tamarind) and was used as release modifier for the preparation of diclofenac sodium spheroids, using extrusion-spheronization technique...
  27. Joseph M, G A, T K M, T T S. Galactoxyloglucan-doxorubicin nanoparticles exerts superior cytotoxic effects on cancer cells-A mechanistic and in silico approach. Int J Biol Macromol. 2016;92:20-29 pubmed publisher
    Galactoxyloglucan (PST001), isolated from seed kernel of Tamarindus indica is a non-toxic immunostimlatory agent with selective cytotoxicity on cancer cells...
  28. Yamashita N, Cuozzo F, Sauther M. Interpreting food processing through dietary mechanical properties: a Lemur catta case study. Am J Phys Anthropol. 2012;148:205-14 pubmed publisher
    ..In this article, we examine how Tamarindus indica fruits can affect dental morphology in a population of ring-tailed lemurs (Lemur catta) at Beza Mahafaly ..
  29. Vitcosque G, Ribeiro L, de Lucas R, da Silva T, Ribeiro L, de Lima Damásio A, et al. The functional properties of a xyloglucanase (GH12) of Aspergillus terreus expressed in Aspergillus nidulans may increase performance of biomass degradation. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2016;100:9133-9144 pubmed
    ..terreus cultivated in SmF. On the other hand, AtXEG12 activity reached by SSF was sevenfold higher than values achieved by SmF, showing that the expression of recombinant enzymes can be significantly improved by cultivation under SSF. ..
  30. Khandare A, Kumar P U, Shanker R, Venkaiah K, Lakshmaiah N. Additional beneficial effect of tamarind ingestion over defluoridated water supply to adolescent boys in a fluorotic area. Nutrition. 2004;20:433-6 pubmed
    We evaluated the effect of tamarind (Tamarindus indicus) on ingestion and whether it provides additional beneficial effects on mobilization of fluoride from the bone after children are provided defluoridated water...
  31. Oupadissakoon C, Chambers E, Kongpensook V, Suwonsichon S, Yenket R, Retiveau A. Sensory properties and consumer acceptance of sweet tamarind varieties grown in Thailand. J Sci Food Agric. 2010;90:1081-8 pubmed publisher
  32. Pal D, Nayak A. Novel tamarind seed polysaccharide-alginate mucoadhesive microspheres for oral gliclazide delivery: in vitro-in vivo evaluation. Drug Deliv. 2012;19:123-31 pubmed publisher
    ..This developed gliclazide loaded new TSP-alginate mucoadhesive microspheres may be very much useful for prolonged systemic absorption of gliclazide for proper maintaining blood glucose level and advanced patient compliance. ..
  33. Rehana D, Mahendiran D, Kumar R, Rahiman A. Evaluation of antioxidant and anticancer activity of copper oxide nanoparticles synthesized using medicinally important plant extracts. Biomed Pharmacother. 2017;89:1067-1077 pubmed publisher
    ..obtained from the leaves of Azadirachta indica, Hibiscus rosa-sinensis, Murraya koenigii, Moringa oleifera and Tamarindus indica...
  34. Mesfin A, Giday M, Animut A, Teklehaymanot T. Ethnobotanical study of antimalarial plants in Shinile District, Somali Region, Ethiopia, and in vivo evaluation of selected ones against Plasmodium berghei. J Ethnopharmacol. 2012;139:221-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Crude aqueous and ethanol extracts of Aloe sp., Azadirachta indica and Tamarindus indica were tested in vivo against Plasmodium berghei...
  35. Ichinose H, Araki Y, Michikawa M, Harazono K, Yaoi K, Karita S, et al. Characterization of an endo-processive-type xyloglucanase having a ?-1,4-glucan-binding module and an endo-type xyloglucanase from Streptomyces avermitilis. Appl Environ Microbiol. 2012;78:7939-45 pubmed publisher
    ..The C terminus of SaGH74A, which was annotated as a carbohydrate-binding module, bound to ?-1,4-linked glucan-containing soluble polysaccharides such as hydroxyethyl cellulose, barley glucan, and xyloglucan. ..
  36. Nayak A, Pal D, Santra K. Development of calcium pectinate-tamarind seed polysaccharide mucoadhesive beads containing metformin HCl. Carbohydr Polym. 2014;101:220-30 pubmed publisher
    ..The optimized beads also exhibited pH-dependent swelling, good mucoadhesivity with goat intestinal mucosa and significant hypoglycemic effect in alloxan-induced diabetic rats over prolonged period after oral administration. ..
  37. Picout D, Ross Murphy S, Errington N, Harding S. Pressure cell assisted solubilization of xyloglucans: tamarind seed polysaccharide and detarium gum. Biomacromolecules. 2003;4:799-807 pubmed
    ..This was the approach adopted in our previous work on the characterization of detarium samples. ..
  38. Gaisberger H, Kindt R, Loo J, Schmidt M, Bognounou F, Da S, et al. Spatially explicit multi-threat assessment of food tree species in Burkina Faso: A fine-scale approach. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0184457 pubmed publisher
    ..senegalensis, Detarium microcarpum, Lannea microcarpa, Parkia biglobosa, Sclerocarya birrea, Strychnos spinosa, Tamarindus indica, Vitellaria paradoxa, Ximenia americana, Ziziphus mauritiana) and six key threats to them (..
  39. Sharma R, Kamboj S, Khurana R, Singh G, Rana V. Physicochemical and functional performance of pectin extracted by QbD approach from Tamarindus indica L. pulp. Carbohydr Polym. 2015;134:364-74 pubmed publisher
    ..investigation was to utilize quality by design (QbD) approach for extraction of tamarind pectin (TP) from Tamarindus indica L. pulp employing purity descriptors as indicator...
  40. Phetdee M, Polnok A, Viyoch J. Development of chitosan-coated liposomes for sustained delivery of tamarind fruit pulp's extract to the skin. Int J Cosmet Sci. 2008;30:285-95 pubmed publisher
  41. Sethi S, Khurana R, Kamboj S, Sharma R, Singh A, Rana V. Investigating the potential of Tamarindus indica pectin-chitosan conjugate for reducing recovery period in TNBS induced colitis. Int J Biol Macromol. 2017;98:739-747 pubmed publisher
    The present study was aimed at exploiting the wound healing applications and tablet coating potential of Tamarindus indica pectin-chitosan (PCH) conjugate for reducing recovery period from TNBS induced colitis...
  42. Barabino S, Rolando M, Nardi M, Bonini S, Aragona P, Traverso C. The effect of an artificial tear combining hyaluronic acid and tamarind seeds polysaccharide in patients with moderate dry eye syndrome: a new treatment for dry eye. Eur J Ophthalmol. 2014;24:173-8 pubmed publisher
    ..This study was designed to investigate the potential clinical benefit of a combination of HA and TS-polysaccharide in managing dry eye disease (DED)...
  43. Tejado A, Pena C, Labidi J, Echeverria J, Mondragon I. Physico-chemical characterization of lignins from different sources for use in phenol-formaldehyde resin synthesis. Bioresour Technol. 2007;98:1655-63 pubmed
  44. Chong U, Abdul Rahman P, Abdul Aziz A, Hashim O, Mat Junit S. Effects of Tamarindus indica fruit pulp extract on abundance of HepG2 cell lysate proteins and their possible consequential impact on metabolism and inflammation. Biomed Res Int. 2013;2013:459017 pubmed publisher
    The fruit pulp extract of Tamarindus indica has been reported for its antioxidant and hypolipidemic properties. In this study, the methanol extract of T...
  45. Ghoneim A, Eldahshan O. Anti-apoptotic effects of tamarind leaves against ethanol-induced rat liver injury. J Pharm Pharmacol. 2012;64:430-8 pubmed publisher
    The leaf decoctions of Tamarindus indica (TI) have long been traditionally used in liver ailments. The aim of this study was to investigate the anti-apoptotic activity of TI leaf extract against acute ethanol (EtOH)-induced liver injury...
  46. Ghosh S, Pal S. Modified tamarind kernel polysaccharide: a novel matrix for control release of aspirin. Int J Biol Macromol. 2013;58:296-300 pubmed publisher
    ..The effect of % G onto t50 value (time taken for release of 50% drug) has also been discussed. The release characteristics from the matrices under study show non-Fickian diffusion mechanism, suggesting the controlled release of aspirin...
  47. Singh A, Sharma N, Rathore A. Synthesis, characterization and applications of a new cation exchanger tamarind sulphonic acid (TSA) resin. Environ Technol. 2012;33:473-80 pubmed
    ..The adsorption of different metal ions on TSA resin follows the order: Co2+ > Cu2+ > Zn2+ > Fe2+ > Cd2+. The ion exchange capacity of TSA resin is 2.87%...
  48. Veda S, Platel K, Srinivasan K. Influence of food acidulants and antioxidant spices on the bioaccessibility of beta-carotene from selected vegetables. J Agric Food Chem. 2008;56:8714-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, the presence of food acidulants (lime juice/amchur) and antioxidant spices (turmeric/onion) proved to be advantageous in the context of deriving maximum beta-carotene from the vegetable sources...
  49. Babu G, Gowrisankar V, Himasankar K, Murthy K. Studies on the applicability of tamarind kernel powder as a carrier in the dissolution enhancement of poorly water soluble drug, celecoxib. Boll Chim Farm. 2003;142:76-82 pubmed
    ..Among all the methods, though the solvent deposition technique improved the dissolution rate to maximum, co-grinding technique was found to be suitable from practical point of view and commercialization...
  50. Amir M, Khan M, Ahmad S, Akhtar M, Mujeeb M, Ahmad A, et al. Ameliorating effects of Tamarindus indica fruit extract on anti-tubercular drugs induced liver toxicity in rats. Nat Prod Res. 2016;30:715-9 pubmed publisher
    The study aimed to evaluate the hepatoprotective potential of aqueous extract of Tamarindus indica fruit against combination of two antitubercular drugs viz. Isoniazid and Rifampicin induced hepatotoxicity in rats...
  51. Agnihotri A, Singh V. Effect of Tamarindus indica Linn. and Cassia fistula Linn. stem bark extracts on oxidative stress and diabetic conditions. Acta Pol Pharm. 2013;70:1011-9 pubmed
    b>Tamarindus indica and Cassia fistula are traditionally important medicinal plants. Stem barks of these plants have not been much explored for their potential hypoglycemic and oxidative stress conditions...
  52. Rolando M, Valente C. Establishing the tolerability and performance of tamarind seed polysaccharide (TSP) in treating dry eye syndrome: results of a clinical study. BMC Ophthalmol. 2007;7:5 pubmed
  53. Foo K, Lee L, Hameed B. Preparation of tamarind fruit seed activated carbon by microwave heating for the adsorptive treatment of landfill leachate: A laboratory column evaluation. Bioresour Technol. 2013;133:599-605 pubmed publisher
    ..The dynamic adsorption behavior was satisfactory described by the Thomas and Yoon-Nelson models. The findings demonstrated the applicability of TSAC for the adsorptive treatment of landfill leachate...
  54. Pal S, Ghosh S, Sen G, Jha U, Singh R. Cationic tamarind kernel polysaccharide (Cat TKP): A novel polymeric flocculant for the treatment of textile industry wastewater. Int J Biol Macromol. 2009;45:518-23 pubmed publisher
    ..The best performing Cat TKP (i.e. Cat TKP 3) was thereafter compared with a commercial flocculant, which is cationic in nature. It has been observed that Cat TKP 3 surpasses the flocculation efficiency over commercial flocculant...
  55. Joseph M, Aravind S, Varghese S, Mini S, Sreelekha T. PST-Gold nanoparticle as an effective anticancer agent with immunomodulatory properties. Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces. 2013;104:32-9 pubmed publisher
    Polysaccharide PST001, which is isolated from the seed kernels of Tamarindus indica (Ti), is an antitumor and immunomodulatory compound. Gold nanoparticles have been used for various applications in cancer...
  56. Anirudhan T, Radhakrishnan P. Improved performance of a biomaterial-based cation exchanger for the adsorption of uranium(VI) from water and nuclear industry wastewater. J Environ Radioact. 2009;100:250-7 pubmed publisher
    ..0M)+HCl (0.5M) solution mixture to de-extract the U(VI). The results show that the PGTFS-COOH tested is very promising for the recovery of U(VI) from water and wastewater...
  57. Lim C, Mat Junit S, Abdulla M, Abdul Aziz A. In vivo biochemical and gene expression analyses of the antioxidant activities and hypocholesterolaemic properties of Tamarindus indica fruit pulp extract. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e70058 pubmed publisher
    b>Tamarindus indica (T. indica) is a medicinal plant with many biological activities including anti-diabetic, hypolipidaemic and anti-bacterial activities. A recent study demonstrated the hypolipidaemic effect of T...
  58. Muller F, Manet S, Jean B, Chambat G, Boue F, Heux L, et al. SANS measurements of semiflexible xyloglucan polysaccharide chains in water reveal their self-avoiding statistics. Biomacromolecules. 2011;12:3330-6 pubmed publisher
  59. Alshelmani M, Loh T, Foo H, Lau W, Sazili A. Characterization of cellulolytic bacterial cultures grown in different substrates. ScientificWorldJournal. 2013;2013:689235 pubmed publisher
  60. Azman K, Amom Z, Azlan A, Esa N, Ali R, Shah Z, et al. Antiobesity effect of Tamarindus indica L. pulp aqueous extract in high-fat diet-induced obese rats. J Nat Med. 2012;66:333-42 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we investigated the effect of Tamarindus indica pulp aqueous extract (TIE) in diet-induced obese Sprague-Dawley rats...
  61. Shivshankar P, Devi S. Screening of stimulatory effects of dietary risk factors on mouse intestinal cell kinetics. World J Gastroenterol. 2005;11:242-8 pubmed
    ..that high fat diet and obesity are among the major predisposing factors in the incidence of colon cancer, we evaluated the role of diet constituted with food material derived from a tropical plant, Tamarindus indica Linn (TI).
  62. Vodenicarová M, Drímalová G, Hromadkova Z, Malovíková A, Ebringerova A. Xyloglucan degradation using different radiation sources: a comparative study. Ultrason Sonochem. 2006;13:157-64 pubmed
    ..The results of the comparative study suggest that ultrasonication was the most convenient procedure to decrease the RMM of xyloglucan to 130 x 10(3) and preserve the primary structure of the polysaccharide...
  63. Phetdee K, Rakchai R, Rattanamanee K, Teaktong T, Viyoch J. Preventive effects of tamarind seed coat extract on UVA-induced alterations in human skin fibroblasts. J Cosmet Sci. 2014;65:11-24 pubmed
    ..An alcoholic extract of the tamarind (Tamarindus indica L.) seed coat showed stronger antioxidant activity (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl inhibition, EC(50) = 12...
  64. Chakrabarti S, Banerjee S, Chaudhuri B, Bhattacharjee S, Dutta B. Application of biodegradable natural polymers for flocculated sedimentation of clay slurry. Bioresour Technol. 2008;99:3313-7 pubmed
    ..Thus TSKP, starch and their blends are potentially attractive environmentally benign flocculants. A qualitative explanation of the flocculating property of TSKP has been given...
  65. Kochumalayil J, Zhou Q, Kasai W, Berglund L. Regioselective modification of a xyloglucan hemicellulose for high-performance biopolymer barrier films. Carbohydr Polym. 2013;93:466-72 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, this regioselective modification can be carefully controlled, and results in a new type of cellulose derivatives with preserved cellulose backbone without the need for harmful solvents...
  66. Sanyasi S, Kumar A, Goswami C, Bandyopadhyay A, Goswami L. A carboxy methyl tamarind polysaccharide matrix for adhesion and growth of osteoclast-precursor cells. Carbohydr Polym. 2014;101:1033-42 pubmed publisher
    ..We conclude that the hydrogel made of CMT:HEMA at a ratio of 1:10 can be suitable for bone tissue engineering and thus may have clinical as well as commercial application in future. ..
  67. Ajesh K, Sreejith K. Cryptococcus laurentii biofilms: structure, development and antifungal drug resistance. Mycopathologia. 2012;174:409-19 pubmed publisher
    ..Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) was performed with ethanol-precipitated and dried samples. Also, the multielement analysis of the EPS was performed by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES)...
  68. Panda M, Bhowal A, Datta S. Removal of hexavalent chromium by biosorption process in rotating packed bed. Environ Sci Technol. 2011;45:8460-6 pubmed publisher
    Removal of hexavalent chromium ions from an aqueous solution by crude tamarind (Tamarindus indica) fruit shell was examined in a rotating packed bed contactor by continuously recirculating a given volume of solution through the bed...
  69. Agarwal V, Bansal M. Design and optimization of a chronotherapeutic dosage form for treatment of nocturnal acid breakthrough. Curr Drug Deliv. 2012;9:608-16 pubmed
    ..Present work focuses on the use of tamarind gum to develop a drug delivery system making combined use of floating and pulsatile principles, for the chrono-prevention of nocturnal acid breakthrough...
  70. Hirun N, Tantishaiyakul V, Pichayakorn W. Effect of Eriochrome Black T on the gelatinization of xyloglucan investigated using rheological measurement and release behavior of Eriochrome Black T from xyloglucan gel matrices. Int J Pharm. 2010;388:196-201 pubmed publisher
    ..In conclusion, these EBT-TSX systems appear to be suitable as injectable implants for sustained delivery of EBT at a site of application, and as such they may be beneficial for the future treatment of solid malignant tumors...
  71. Nakchat O, Meksuriyen D, Pongsamart S. Antioxidant and anti-lipid peroxidation activities of Tamarindus indica seed coat in human fibroblast cells. Indian J Exp Biol. 2014;52:125-32 pubmed
    ..The results suggest that an inexpensive and simple boiling-water extraction of TSCE-W may provide a valuable natural antioxidant source having anti-lipid peroxidation for health food additives, nutraceuticals as well as cosmeceuticals...
  72. Gupta S, Babu B. Utilization of waste product (tamarind seeds) for the removal of Cr(VI) from aqueous solutions: equilibrium, kinetics, and regeneration studies. J Environ Manage. 2009;90:3013-22 pubmed publisher
    ..A feasible solution is proposed for the disposal of the contaminants (acid and base solutions) containing high concentrations of Cr(VI) obtained during the regeneration (desorption) process...
  73. Chowdhury S, Saha P. Biosorption kinetics, thermodynamics and isosteric heat of sorption of Cu(II) onto Tamarindus indica seed powder. Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces. 2011;88:697-705 pubmed publisher
    Biosorption of Cu(II) by Tamarindus indica seed powder (TSP) was investigated as a function of temperature in a batch system. The Cu(II) biosorption potential of TSP increased with increasing temperature...
  74. Senthilkumar S, Selvan R, Melo J, Sanjeeviraja C. High performance solid-state electric double layer capacitor from redox mediated gel polymer electrolyte and renewable tamarind fruit shell derived porous carbon. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces. 2013;5:10541-50 pubmed publisher
    ..Based on the overall performance, it is strongly believed that the combination of tamarind fruit shell derived activated carbon and Na2MoO4/PVA/H2SO4 gel electrolyte is more attractive in the near future for high performance SSEDLCs. ..
  75. Kothari V, Seshadri S. In vitro antibacterial activity in seed extracts of Manilkara zapota, Anona squamosa, and Tamarindus indica. Biol Res. 2010;43:165-8 pubmed publisher
    Extracts prepared from seeds of Manilkara zapota, Anona squamosa, and Tamarindus indica were screened for their antibacterial activity by disc diffusion and broth dilution methods. Acetone and methanol extracts of T...
  76. Sudharsan K, Chandra Mohan C, Azhagu Saravana Babu P, Archana G, Sabina K, Sivarajan M, et al. Production and characterization of cellulose reinforced starch (CRT) films. Int J Biol Macromol. 2016;83:385-95 pubmed publisher
    ..Correlation coefficient values were calculated to me more than 0.90 for mechanical responses which implies the fitness of constructed model with experimental data. ..