euphorbiaceae

Summary

Summary: The spurge family of flowering plants, in the order Euphorbiales, contains some 7,500 species in 275 genera. The family consists of annual and perennial herbs and woody shrubs or trees.

Top Publications

  1. Manga H, Brkic D, Marie D, Quetin Leclercq J. In vivo anti-inflammatory activity of Alchornea cordifolia (Schumach. & Thonn.) Müll. Arg. (Euphorbiaceae). J Ethnopharmacol. 2004;92:209-14 pubmed
    Alchornea cordifolia (Schumach. & Thonn.) Müll. Arg. (Euphorbiaceae) is a widely distributed plant in Africa...
  2. Rahuman A, Gopalakrishnan G, Venkatesan P, Geetha K. Larvicidal activity of some Euphorbiaceae plant extracts against Aedes aegypti and Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae). Parasitol Res. 2008;102:867-73 pubmed
    Larvicidal activity of ethyl acetate, butanol, and petroleum ether extracts of five species of Euphorbiaceae plants, Jatropha curcas, Pedilanthus tithymaloides, Phyllanthus amarus, Euphorbia hirta, and Euphorbia tirucalli, were tested ..
  3. Adedapo A, Sofidiya M, Afolayan A. Anti-inflammatory and analgesic activities of the aqueous extracts of Margaritaria discoidea (Euphorbiaceae) stem bark in experimental animal models. Rev Biol Trop. 2009;57:1193-200 pubmed
    ..This study has provided some justification for the folkloric use of the plant in several communities for conditions such as stomachache, pain and inflammations...
  4. Govindarajan M, Jebanesan A, Pushpanathan T, Samidurai K. Studies on effect of Acalypha indica L. (Euphorbiaceae) leaf extracts on the malarial vector, Anopheles stephensi Liston (Diptera:Culicidae). Parasitol Res. 2008;103:691-5 pubmed publisher
    ..The results that the leaf extract of A. indica is promising as larvicidal and ovicidal activity and oviposition attractancy against malaria vector A. stephensi...
  5. Dorken M, Pannell J. Density-dependent regulation of the sex ratio in an annual plant. Am Nat. 2008;171:824-30 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results provide support for the prediction that environmental conditions govern sex ratios through their effects on the relative fertility of unisexual versus hermaphrodite individuals...
  6. Nijjer S, Rogers W, Siemann E. Negative plant-soil feedbacks may limit persistence of an invasive tree due to rapid accumulation of soil pathogens. Proc Biol Sci. 2007;274:2621-7 pubmed
  7. Obbard D, Harris S, Buggs R, Pannell J. Hybridization, polyploidy, and the evolution of sexual systems in Mercurialis (Euphorbiaceae). Evolution. 2006;60:1801-15 pubmed
    ..huetii and monoecious tetraploid M. annua, an event that brought together the genes for specialist males with those for hermaphrodites...
  8. van Ee B, Jelinski N, Berry P, Hipp A. Phylogeny and biogeography of Croton alabamensis (Euphorbiaceae), a rare shrub from Texas and Alabama, using DNA sequence and AFLP data. Mol Ecol. 2006;15:2735-51 pubmed
    Croton alabamensis (Euphorbiaceae s.s.) is a rare plant species known from several populations in Texas and Alabama that have been assigned to var. texensis and var. alabamensis, respectively...
  9. Phommart S, Sutthivaiyakit P, Chimnoi N, Ruchirawat S, Sutthivaiyakit S. Constituents of the leaves of Macaranga tanarius. J Nat Prod. 2005;68:927-30 pubmed
    ..Substances obtained in this investigation were evaluated against a panel of bioassays...

More Information

Publications80

  1. Llanes Coronel D, Gámez Díaz L, Suarez Quintero L, Páez L, Torres F, Echeverri F, et al. New promising Euphorbiaceae extracts with activity in human lymphocytes from primary cell cultures. Immunopharmacol Immunotoxicol. 2011;33:279-90 pubmed publisher
    b>Euphorbiaceae plants exhibit anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory properties.
  2. Eppley S, Pannell J. Density-dependent self-fertilization and male versus hermaphrodite siring success in an androdioecious plant. Evolution. 2007;61:2349-59 pubmed
    ..We discuss our findings in the context of a metapopulation model, in which males can only persist in well-established populations but are excluded from small, sparse populations, for example, in the early stages of colonization...
  3. Okeleye B, Bessong P, Ndip R. Preliminary phytochemical screening and in vitro anti-helicobacter pylori activity of extracts of the stem bark of Bridelia micrantha (Hochst., Baill., Euphorbiaceae). Molecules. 2011;16:6193-205 pubmed publisher
  4. Chen J, Zhang Q, Li X, Cao K. Independence of stem and leaf hydraulic traits in six Euphorbiaceae tree species with contrasting leaf phenology. Planta. 2009;230:459-68 pubmed publisher
    ..and Bischofia javanica) and three evergreen (Drypetes indica, Aleurites moluccana, and Codiaeum variegatum) Euphorbiaceae tree species from a seasonally tropical forest in south-western China...
  5. Kovendan K, Murugan K, Vincent S. Evaluation of larvicidal activity of Acalypha alnifolia Klein ex Willd. (Euphorbiaceae) leaf extract against the malarial vector, Anopheles stephensi, dengue vector, Aedes aegypti and Bancroftian filariasis vector, Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Cu. Parasitol Res. 2012;110:571-81 pubmed publisher
    ..stephensi, A. aegypti, C. quinquefasciatus. Therefore, this study provides first report on the larvicidal activities against three species of mosquito vectors of this plant extracts from Southern India...
  6. Theophile D, Laure N, Benoît N, Anatole A, Emmanuel A, Paul T, et al. Antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory effects of the ethyl acetate stem bark extract of Bridelia scleroneura (Euphorbiaceae). Inflammopharmacology. 2006;14:42-7 pubmed
    Bridelia scleroneura is a member of the Euphorbiaceae family. In folk medicine in Cameroon, the stem bark of this plant is used for relieving abdominal pain, contortion, arthritis and inflammation...
  7. Wansi J, Wandji J, Kamdem W, Ndom J, Ngeufa H, Chiozem D, et al. Triterpenoids from Drypetes chevalieri Beille (euphorbiaceae). Nat Prod Res. 2006;20:586-92 pubmed
    ..Their structures were established on the basis of spectroscopic analysis and chemical evidence...
  8. Lopes F, Calvo T, Vilegas W, Carlos I. Inhibition of hydrogen peroxide, nitric oxide and TNF-alpha production in peritoneal macrophages by ethyl acetate fraction from Alchornea glandulosa. Biol Pharm Bull. 2005;28:1726-30 pubmed
    ..21+/-6.23% - 15.16+/-0.96%). According to these results, it is suggested that AGF has anti-inflammatory activity. This medicinal plant may have therapeutic potential in the control of inflammatory disorders...
  9. Pfeiffer T, Roschanski A, Pannell J, Korbecka G, Schnittler M. Characterization of microsatellite loci and reliable genotyping in a polyploid plant, Mercurialis perennis (Euphorbiaceae). J Hered. 2011;102:479-88 pubmed publisher
    ..Our study demonstrates that microsatellite fingerprinting of polyploid plants is a cost efficient and reliable alternative to AFLPs, not least because fewer loci are required than for diploids...
  10. Sanchez Vilas J, Pannell J. Sexual dimorphism in resource acquisition and deployment: both size and timing matter. Ann Bot. 2011;107:119-26 pubmed publisher
  11. Mavar Manga H, Haddad M, Pieters L, Baccelli C, Penge A, Quetin Leclercq J. Anti-inflammatory compounds from leaves and root bark of Alchornea cordifolia (Schumach. & Thonn.) Müll. Arg. J Ethnopharmacol. 2008;115:25-9 pubmed
    ..These compounds may account, at least in part, for the use of A. cordifolia in folk medicine to treat inflammation...
  12. Anderson J, Delseny M, Fregene M, Jorge V, Mba C, Lopez C, et al. An EST resource for cassava and other species of Euphorbiaceae. Plant Mol Biol. 2004;56:527-39 pubmed
    ..in this report indicate that the cassava ESTs will be a valuable resource for the study of genetic diversity, stress resistance, and growth and development, not only in cassava, but also other members of the Euphorbiaceae family.
  13. Andersen Ø, Jordheim M, Byamukama R, Mbabazi A, Ogweng G, Skaar I, et al. Anthocyanins with unusual furanose sugar (apiose) from leaves of Synadenium grantii (Euphorbiaceae). Phytochemistry. 2010;71:1558-63 pubmed publisher
    ..were isolated from leaves of African milk bush, (Synadenium grantii Hook, Euphorbiaceae) together with the known cyanidin 3-O-beta-xylopyranoside-5-O-beta-glucopyranoside and cyanidin 3-O-beta-..
  14. Phowichit S, Buatippawan S, Bullangpoti V. Insecticidal activity of Jatropha gossypifolia L. (Euphorbiaceae) and Cleome viscosa L. (Capparidacae) on Spodoptera litura (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae). Toxicity and carboxylesterase and glutathione-S-transferase activities studies. Commun Agric Appl Biol Sci. 2008;73:611-9 pubmed
    ..This extract showed strong insecticidal activity and may play an alternative role as a pesticide against Spodoptera litura...
  15. Bänfer G, Moog U, Fiala B, Mohamed M, Weising K, Blattner F. A chloroplast genealogy of myrmecophytic Macaranga species (Euphorbiaceae) in Southeast Asia reveals hybridization, vicariance and long-distance dispersals. Mol Ecol. 2006;15:4409-24 pubmed
    Macaranga (Euphorbiaceae) includes about 280 species with a palaeotropic distribution...
  16. PElabon C, Thöne P, Hansen T, Armbruster W. Signal honesty and cost of pollinator rewards in Dalechampia scandens (Euphorbiaceae). Ann Bot. 2012;109:1331-40 pubmed publisher
    Most species of Dalechampia vines (Euphorbiaceae) attract bee pollinators with terpenoid resins secreted by a gland-like structure in the inflorescence...
  17. Wang H, Grant W, Gan J, Rogers W, Swannack T, Koralewski T, et al. Integrating spread dynamics and economics of timber production to manage Chinese tallow invasions in southern U.S. forestlands. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e33877 pubmed publisher
    ..These results suggest the importance of early detection and control of Chinese tallow, and emphasize the importance of integrating spread dynamics and economics to manage invasive species...
  18. Pang X, Song J, Zhu Y, Xie C, Chen S. Using DNA barcoding to identify species within Euphorbiaceae. Planta Med. 2010;76:1784-6 pubmed publisher
    ..the applicability of four DNA regions (rbcL, matK, ITS, and ITS2) as barcodes for identifying species within Euphorbiaceae. Based on assessments of the specific genetic divergence, the DNA barcoding gap, and the ability for species ..
  19. Satyan R, Aveek N, Eganathan P, Parida A. Comparative histochemical localization of secondary metabolites in seed-raised and in vitro propagated plants of Excoecaria agallocha Linn. (Euphorbiaceae), the milky mangrove tree of historical significance. Biotech Histochem. 2010;85:285-93 pubmed publisher
    ..agallocha propagated by the in vitro method was comparable to the seed-raised plants. Phytochemical studies of the species of E. agallocha propagated in vitro would confirm whether the species could be used for its medicinal compounds...
  20. Ménard L, McKey D, Rowe N. Developmental plasticity and biomechanics of treelets and lianas in Manihot aff. quinquepartita (Euphorbiaceae): a branch-angle climber of French Guiana. Ann Bot. 2009;103:1249-59 pubmed publisher
    ..This study focuses on how a liana can climb without specialized attachment organs and how biomechanical properties of the stem are modulated between self-supporting treelets and canopy-climbing lianas...
  21. Kirby J, Nishimoto M, Park J, Withers S, Nowroozi F, Behrendt D, et al. Cloning of casbene and neocembrene synthases from Euphorbiaceae plants and expression in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Phytochemistry. 2010;71:1466-73 pubmed publisher
    A large number of diterpenes have been isolated from Euphorbiaceae plants, many of which are of interest due to toxicity or potential therapeutic activity...
  22. Forero J, Avila L, Taborda N, Tabares P, López A, Torres F, et al. In vitro anti-influenza screening of several Euphorbiaceae species: structure of a bioactive Cyanoglucoside from Codiaeum variegatum. Phytochemistry. 2008;69:2815-9 pubmed publisher
    A bio-guided screening against influenza A virus (FLUAV) was carried out with seven Euphorbiaceae species...
  23. Ikewuchi J, Onyeike E, Uwakwe A, Ikewuchi C. Effect of aqueous extract of the leaves of Acalypha wilkesiana 'Godseffiana' Muell Arg (Euphorbiaceae) on the hematology, plasma biochemistry and ocular indices of oxidative stress in alloxan induced diabetic rats. J Ethnopharmacol. 2011;137:1415-24 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, the effect of aqueous extract of the leaves of Acalypha wilkesiana on the hematology, plasma biochemistry and ocular indices of oxidative stress was investigated in alloxan induced diabetic rats...
  24. Badami S, Rai S, Suresh B. Antioxidant activity of Aporosa lindleyana root. J Ethnopharmacol. 2005;101:180-4 pubmed
    ..The in vitro cytotoxicity studies against normal Vero cell lines indicate non-toxic nature of the root extracts. The study provides a proof for the ethnomedical and reported biological activities...
  25. Méité S, Bahi C, Yéo D, Datté J, Djaman J, N guessan D. Laxative activities of Mareya micrantha (Benth.) Müll. Arg. (Euphorbiaceae) leaf aqueous extract in rats. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2010;10:7 pubmed publisher
    Mareya micrantha (Benth.) Müll. Arg. (Euphorbiaceae) is a shrub that is commonly used in Côte d'Ivoire (West Africa) for the treatment of constipation and as an ocytocic drug...
  26. Davies S, Lum S, Chan R, Wang L. Evolution of myrmecophytism in western Malesian Macaranga (Euphorbiaceae). Evolution. 2001;55:1542-59 pubmed
  27. Edwards H, de Oliveira L, Prendergast H. Raman spectroscopic analysis of dragon's blood resins-basis for distinguishing between Dracaena(Convallariaceae), Daemonorops(Palmae) and Croton(Euphorbiaceae). Analyst. 2004;129:134-8 pubmed
    ..the Canary Islands and Madeira, and species in the genera Daemonorops(Palmae) from South East Asia and Croton(Euphorbiaceae) from tropical parts of both the New and Old Worlds...
  28. PElabon C, Carlson M, Hansen T, Yoccoz N, Armbruster W. Consequences of inter-population crosses on developmental stability and canalization of floral traits in Dalechampia scandens (Euphorbiaceae). J Evol Biol. 2004;17:19-32 pubmed
    ..by the within- and among-individual variance, were measured on several floral traits of Dalechampia scandens (Euphorbiaceae). Hybridization affected canalization...
  29. Quek S, Davies S, Itino T, Pierce N. Codiversification in an ant-plant mutualism: stem texture and the evolution of host use in Crematogaster (Formicidae: Myrmicinae) inhabitants of Macaranga (Euphorbiaceae). Evolution. 2004;58:554-70 pubmed
    ..We discuss the possibility that the ancient and exclusive association between Decacrema and Macaranga was facilitated by an impoverished diversity of myrmecophytes and phytoecious (obligately plant inhabiting) ants in the region...
  30. Kato M, Takimura A, Kawakita A. An obligate pollination mutualism and reciprocal diversification in the tree genus Glochidion (Euphorbiaceae). Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2003;100:5264-7 pubmed
    ..highly diversified, species-specific pollination mutualism between a monoecious tree genus, Glochidion (Euphorbiaceae), and a moth genus, Epicephala (Gracillariidae), is presented here...
  31. Jang D, Cuendet M, Pawlus A, Kardono L, Kawanishi K, Farnsworth N, et al. Potential cancer chemopreventive constituents of the leaves of Macaranga triloba. Phytochemistry. 2004;65:345-50 pubmed
    ..All isolates were evaluated for their potential to inhibit cyclooxygenases-1 and -2 by measuring PGE(2) production, and to induce quinone reductase in cultured Hepa 1c1c7 mouse hepatoma cells...
  32. Palosuo T, Panzani R, Singh A, Ariano R, Alenius H, Turjanmaa K. Allergen cross-reactivity between proteins of the latex from Hevea brasiliensis, seeds and pollen of Ricinus communis, and pollen of Mercurialis annua, members of the Euphorbiaceae family. Allergy Asthma Proc. 2002;23:141-7 pubmed
    Allergen cross-reactions among three strongly sensitizing Euphorbiaceae species, i.e...
  33. Blattner F, Weising K, Bänfer G, Maschwitz U, Fiala B. Molecular analysis of phylogenetic relationships among Myrmecophytic macaranga species (Euphorbiaceae). Mol Phylogenet Evol. 2001;19:331-44 pubmed
    Many species of the paleotropical pioneer tree genus Macaranga Thou. (Euphorbiaceae) live in association with ants...
  34. Ahmed B, Alam T, Varshney M, Khan S. Hepatoprotective activity of two plants belonging to the Apiaceae and the Euphorbiaceae family. J Ethnopharmacol. 2002;79:313-6 pubmed
    The different extracts of Apium graveolens Linn. (Apiaceae) and Croton oblongifolius Roxb. (Euphorbiaceae) were tested for their hepatoprotective activity against CCl(4) induced hepatotoxicity in albino rats...
  35. Jang D, Cuendet M, Hawthorne M, Kardono L, Kawanishi K, Fong H, et al. Prenylated flavonoids of the leaves of Macaranga conifera with inhibitory activity against cyclooxygenase-2. Phytochemistry. 2002;61:867-72 pubmed
    ..All isolates were tested for their inhibitory effects against both cyclooxygenases-1 and -2, and selected compounds were evaluated in a mouse mammary organ culture assay...
  36. Murugan K, Kovendan K, Vincent S, Barnard D. Biolarvicidal and pupicidal activity of Acalypha alnifolia Klein ex Willd. (Family: Euphorbiaceae) leaf extract and Microbial insecticide, Metarhizium anisopliae (Metsch.) against malaria fever mosquito, Anopheles stephensi Liston. (Diptera: Culicida. Parasitol Res. 2012;110:2263-70 pubmed publisher
    ..stephensi as a vector control programs. Therefore, this study provides first report on the combined effect of mosquitocidal efficacy of this plant extract and fungal pathogen of M. anisopliae against A. stephensi from Southern India. ..
  37. Li T, Wang L. Riparsaponin isolated from Homonoia riparia Lour induces apoptosis of oral cancer cells. Oncol Lett. 2017;14:6841-6846 pubmed publisher
    i>Homonoia riparia Lour (Euphorbiaceae) is a known source of herbal medicine in China, and riparsaponin (RSP) is an active constituent isolated from H. riparia...
  38. Laith A, Mazlan A, Effendy A, Ambak M, Nurhafizah W, Alia A, et al. Effect of Excoecaria agallocha on non-specific immune responses and disease resistance of Oreochromis niloticus against Streptococcus agalactiae. Res Vet Sci. 2017;112:192-200 pubmed publisher
    ..The results indicate that dietary intake of E. agallocha methanolic leaf extract in O. niloticus enhances the non-specific immunity and disease resistance against S. agalactiae pathogen. ..
  39. Fazeli R, Heydarnejad J, Massumi H, Shaabanian M, Varsani A. Genetic diversity and distribution of tomato-infecting begomoviruses in Iran. Virus Genes. 2009;38:311-9 pubmed publisher
    ..hierosolymitana. Our results indicate that the tomato producing areas in central, southern, and southeastern Iran are threatened by begomoviruses originating from both the Mediterranean basin and the Indian subcontinent. ..
  40. Rajesh R, Nataraju A, Gowda C, Frey B, Frey F, Vishwanath B. Purification and characterization of a 34-kDa, heat stable glycoprotein from Synadenium grantii latex: action on human fibrinogen and fibrin clot. Biochimie. 2006;88:1313-22 pubmed
    ..We report purification and characterization of a glycoprotein from Synadenium grantii latex with human fibrino(geno)lytic activity. ..
  41. Pavela R, Canale A, Mehlhorn H, Benelli G. Application of ethnobotanical repellents and acaricides in prevention, control and management of livestock ticks: A review. Res Vet Sci. 2016;109:1-9 pubmed publisher
    ..However, only 7 families (i.e. Asteraceae, Euphorbiaceae, Fabaceae, Lamiaceae, Meliaceae, Apocynaceae and Solanaceae) represent the major quote (46%) of all plant ..
  42. Leal L, Andersen A, Leal I. Anthropogenic disturbance reduces seed-dispersal services for myrmecochorous plants in the Brazilian Caatinga. Oecologia. 2014;174:173-81 pubmed publisher
    ..the effects of anthropogenic disturbance on distance dispersal by ants for the diaspores of myrmecochorous Euphorbiaceae in Brazilian Caatinga...
  43. Macías Rubalcava M, Hernández Bautista B, Jimenez Estrada M, Cruz Ortega R, Anaya A. Pentacyclic triterpenes with selective bioactivity from Sebastiania adenophora leaves, Euphorbiaceae. J Chem Ecol. 2007;33:147-56 pubmed
    ..oleanane, lupane, or taraxerane-type skeletons were isolated from the leaves of Sebastiania adenophora (Euphorbiaceae) and are reported for the first time in this species...
  44. Ahmad A, Khushtar M, Kumar R, Badruddeen -, Riyaz A, Khan M, et al. Augmented Reversal of Cisplatin-Induced Delayed Gastric Emptying by Amla (Emblica Officinalis) Fruit Extract in Sprague-Dawley Rats. J Diet Suppl. 2017;:1-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, this study was designed to evaluate the effect of Emblica officinalis Gaertn (Euphorbiaceae) fruit extract (EEEO) on cisplatin-induced delayed gastric emptying in Sprague-Dawley rats so that Emblica ..
  45. Mukherjee T, Sarkar T, Paul P, Chakraborty A, Jaisankar P, Mukhopadhyay S. Putralone, a novel 10alpha-hydroxy-25-nor D:A friedo-oleanane triterpenoid from Putranjiva roxburghii. Nat Prod Commun. 2012;7:511-3 pubmed
    ..Interestingly, putralone is the first example of a naturally occurring nor friedo-oleanane triterpenoid having a hydroxyl functionality at the C-10 position. ..
  46. Batista E, Costa D, Guilhon G, Muller A, Santos L, Arruda M, et al. Chemical constituents and allelopathic and antioxidant activities of Alchorneopsis floribunda Müll. Arg. (Euphorbiaceae). Nat Prod Res. 2013;27:1-8 pubmed publisher
    ..This is the first chemical study of the genus Alchorneopsis (Euphorbiaceae).
  47. Campos A, Vendramini Costa D, Longato G, Zermiani T, Ruiz A, de Carvalho J, et al. Antiproliferative Effect of Synadenium grantii Hook f. stems (Euphorbiaceae) and a Rare Phorbol Diterpene Ester. Int J Toxicol. 2016;35:666-671 pubmed
    ..These results demonstrate that S grantii stems produce active principles with relevant antiproliferative potential. ..
  48. Benabdelaziz I, Gómez Ruiz S, Benkhaled M, Carralero S, Schenker P, Salm A, et al. New cycloartane-type ester triterpenes from Euphorbia pterococca and biological evaluation. Fitoterapia. 2018;127:271-278 pubmed publisher
    From acetonic extract of the whole plant Euphorbia pterococca Brot. (Euphorbiaceae), four new cycloartane-type ester triterpenes named cycloartenyl-2'E,4'E-decadienoate (1), cycloartenyl-2'E,4'Z-decadienoate (2), 24-methylenecycloartanyl-..
  49. Pfeffer T, Sasse F, Schmidt C, Lakämper S, Kirschning A, Scholz T. The natural diterpene tonantzitlolone A and its synthetic enantiomer inhibit cell proliferation and kinesin-5 function. Eur J Med Chem. 2016;112:164-170 pubmed publisher
    ..The observed stronger inhibitory effect of the synthetic enantiomer demonstrates the possibility to enhance the overall moderate anti-proliferative effect of the lead compound tonantzitlolon A by chemical modification. ..
  50. Dong S, Liu H, Xu C, Ding J, Yue J. Constituents of Trigonostemon heterophyllus. J Nat Prod. 2011;74:2576-81 pubmed publisher
    ..Trigoheterin E (5) exhibited cytotoxic activity against the HL-60 (IC??) 1.8 ?M) and A-549 (IC?? 10.0 ?M) human cancer cell lines. ..
  51. Ajiboye T, Abdussalam F, Adeleye A, Iliasu G, Ariyo F, Adediran Z, et al. Bridelia ferruginea promotes reactive oxygen species detoxification in N-nitrosodiethylamine-treated rats. J Diet Suppl. 2013;10:210-28 pubmed publisher
    ..05) lowered by B. ferruginea extract. Overall, the results of this study show that B. ferruginea leaf extract possess ROS scavenging and detoxification potentials. ..
  52. Alibés R, Bayón P, de March P, Figueredo M, Font J, Garcia Garcia E, et al. An effective enantioselective approach to the securinega alkaloids: total synthesis of (-)-norsecurinine. Org Lett. 2005;7:5107-9 pubmed
    ..Through this strategy, the synthesis of (-)-norsecurinine has been accomplished in nine steps and 11% overall yield. ..
  53. Zhang L, Luo R, Wang F, Jiang M, Dong Z, Yang L, et al. Highly functionalized daphnane diterpenoids from Trigonostemon thyrsoideum. Org Lett. 2010;12:152-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Compound 3 was observed to inhibit HIV-1 induced cytopathic effects. The EC(50) value was 2.19 microg/mL, and the therapeutic index (TI) was more than 90. ..
  54. Wiart C, Hannah A, Yassim M, Hamimah H, Sulaiman M. Antimicrobial activity of Acalypha siamensis Oliv. ex Gage. J Ethnopharmacol. 2004;95:285-6 pubmed
    ..ex Gage were evaluated for antibacterial and antifungal activity. The antibacterial activity was more pronounced in the ethyl acetate and methanol extracts. No activity was shown against tested moulds...
  55. Samy R, Gopalakrishnakone P, Houghton P, Thwin M, Ignacimuthu S. Effect of aqueous extract of Tragia involucrata Linn. on acute and subacute inflammation. Phytother Res. 2006;20:310-2 pubmed
    ..25% reduction in granuloma weight. The results prove that the aqueous leaf extract showed highest antiinflammatory activity in acute and subacute inflammation and also support the usage of traditional claims...
  56. Tanjung M, Hakim E, Elfahmi -, Latip J, Syah Y. Dihydroflavonol and flavonol derivatives from Macaranga recurvata. Nat Prod Commun. 2012;7:1309-10 pubmed
    ..The structures of the new compounds were determined on the basis of spectroscopic evidence. Upon cytotoxic evaluation against P-388 cells, macarecurvatin B showed strong activity with an IC50 of 0.83 microM...
  57. Chen C, Xia Y, Yao S, Zhang Q, Wang Y, Ji Z. Virosecurinine induces apoptosis by affecting Bcl-2 and Bax expression in human colon cancer SW480 cells. Pharmazie. 2012;67:351-4 pubmed
    ..Hence, we suggest that virosecurinine induced apoptosis in SW480 cells by affecting the expression of bcl-2 and bax...
  58. Dong S, Zhang C, Xu C, Ding J, Yue J. Daphnane-type diterpenoids from Trigonostemon howii. J Nat Prod. 2011;74:1255-61 pubmed publisher
    ..Their structures were elucidated on the basis of extensive NMR and MS analyses. Trigohownins A (1) and D (4) exhibited moderate cytotoxic activity against the HL-60 tumor cell line, with IC50 values of 17.0 and 9.3 ?M, respectively...
  59. Devkota H, Basnet P, Yahara S. Diterpene esters and phenolic compounds from Sapium insigne (ROYLE) BENTH. ex HOOK. fil. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 2009;57:1289-91 pubmed
    ..All of these compounds have been isolated for the first time from this plant...
  60. Oyagbemi A, Odetola A, Azeez O. Antidiabetic properties of ethanolic extract of Cnidoscolus aconitifolius on alloxan induced diabetes mellitus in rats. Afr J Med Med Sci. 2010;39 Suppl:171-8 pubmed
  61. Yamasaki E, Kawakita A, Sakai S. Modified leaves with disk-shaped nectaries of Macaranga sinensis (Euphorbiaceae) provide reward for pollinators. Am J Bot. 2013;100:628-32 pubmed publisher
    ..Flowers of the genus Macaranga (Euphorbiaceae) are apetalous and lack floral nectar...
  62. Khadka D, Nejidat A, Tal M, Golan Goldhirsh A. Molecular characterization of a gender-linked DNA marker and a related gene in Mercurialis annua L. Planta. 2005;222:1063-70 pubmed
    ..This transcript was named M. annua female expressed (Mafex). Sex linkage of OPB01-1562 and expression of Mafex detected by OPB01-1562 strongly suggested Mafex to be a candidate gene involved in sex determination in M. annua...
  63. Kirira P, Rukunga G, Wanyonyi A, Muthaura C, Mungai G, Machocho A, et al. Tigliane diterpenoids from the stem bark of Neoboutonia macrocalyx. J Nat Prod. 2007;70:842-5 pubmed
    ..The chemical structures of the isolated compounds were established through spectroscopic data interpretation...
  64. Tian Y, Tang H, Wang X, Qiu F, Xue G, Li J. [Studies on antibacterial constituents of Discocleidion rufescens (2)]. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2009;34:1377-80 pubmed
    ..To screen effective constituents of Discocleidion rufescens against bacteria...
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    ..The plasmatic stability of the most potent analogue was also investigated demonstrating that they might serve as valuable leads for the development of anticancer drugs. ..
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    Ricinodendron heudelotii and Tetracarpidium conophorum (Euphorbiaceae family) are 2 oil-bearing wild plants whose fruits are generally consumed in Cameroon. T conophorum kernels are eaten as nibbles after cooking...
  67. Ramanankierana N, Ducousso M, Rakotoarimanga N, Prin Y, Thioulouse J, Randrianjohany E, et al. Arbuscular mycorrhizas and ectomycorrhizas of Uapaca bojeri L. (Euphorbiaceae): sporophore diversity, patterns of root colonization, and effects on seedling growth and soil microbial catabolic diversity. Mycorrhiza. 2007;17:195-208 pubmed publisher
    ..were (1) to describe the diversity of mycorrhizal fungal communities associated with Uapaca bojeri, an endemic Euphorbiaceae of Madagascar, and (2) to determine the potential benefits of inoculation with mycorrhizal fungi [..
  68. Rong L, Wang S, Du X. [Responses of delta13 C values of plant leaves to environmental gradients along environmental gradient factors in rocky desertified area of a typical karst Ggorge]. Huan Jing Ke Xue. 2008;29:2885-93 pubmed
    ..Hence it could be concluded that high delta13 C values of leaves could indicate the adaptability of plants for low water regime, high light and low resource environments...
  69. Verma R, Trivedi M, Keshwani H, Choksi P, Sangai N. Ameliorative effect of three medicinal plants (P. fraternus, Terminelia a., and Moringa oleifera) on arsenic trioxide induced alteration of lipid peroxidation and protein contents in chicken liver homogenate: an in vitro study. Acta Pol Pharm. 2007;64:417-21 pubmed
    ..The maximum amelioration of PF, MO, and TA was observed at 50 mg/mL, 100 microg/mL, and 100 microg/mL respectively. Thus it is concluded that aqueous extract of PF was observed to have better ameliorative effect...
  70. Lobo D, Tabarelli M, Leal I. Relocation of Croton sonderianus (Euphorbiaceae) seeds by Pheidole fallax Mayr (Formicidae): a case of post-dispersal seed protection by ants?. Neotrop Entomol. 2011;40:440-4 pubmed
    ..fallax is possibly providing double protection services for C. sonderianus seeds. Our findings represent the first evidence for predator-avoidance as benefit for plants resulting from ant seed-dispersal in the neotropics...
  71. Pujol B, Pannell J. Reduced responses to selection after species range expansion. Science. 2008;321:96 pubmed publisher
    ..Predicting evolutionary responses to environmental change will thus need to account for the genetic heterogeneity of species and the spatial dynamics of their geographic distributions...